What Is Exploration IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage What Is Exploration được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Cambridge IELTS Practice Test 15 - Test 1 - Passage 3 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
What Is Exploration IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

What is exploration?
We are all explorers. Our desire to discover, and then share that new-found knowledge, is part of what makes us human — indeed, this has played an important part in our success as a species. Long before the first caveman slumped down beside the fire and grunted news that there were plenty of wildebeest over yonder, our ancestors had learnt the value of sending out scouts to investigate the unknown. This questing nature of ours undoubtedly helped our species spread around the globe, just as it nowadays no doubt helps the last nomadic Penan maintain their existence in the depleted forests of Borneo, and a visitor negotiate the subways of New York. Over the years, we’ve come to think of explorers as a peculiar breed — different from the rest of us, different from those of us who are merely ‘well travelled’, even; and perhaps there is a type of person more suited to seeking out the new, a type of caveman more inclined to risk venturing out. That, however, doesn’t take away from the fact that we all have this enquiring instinct, even today; and that in all sorts of professions — whether artist, marine biologist or astronomer — borders of the unknown are being tested each day. Thomas Hardy set some of his novels in Egdon Heath, a fictional area of uncultivated land, and used the landscape to suggest the desires and fears of his characters. He is delving into matters we all recognise because they are common to humanity. This is surely an act of exploration, and into a world as remote as the author chooses. Explorer and travel writer Peter Fleming talks of the moment when the explorer returns to the existence he has left behind with his loved ones. The traveller ‘who has for weeks or months seen himself only as a puny and irrelevant alien crawling laboriously over a country in which he has no roots and no background, suddenly encounters his other self, a relatively solid figure, with a place in the minds of certain people’. In this book about the exploration of the earth’s surface, I have confined myself to those whose travels were real and who also aimed at more than personal discovery. But that still left me with another problem: the word ‘explorer’ has become associated with a past era. We think back to a golden age, as if exploration peaked somehow in the 19th century — as if the process of discovery is now on the decline, though the truth is that we have named only one and a half million of this planet’s species, and there may be more than 10 million — and that’s not including bacteria. We have studied only 5 per cent of the species we know. We have scarcely mapped the ocean floors, and know even less about ourselves; we fully understand the workings of only 10 per cent of our brains. Here is how some of today’s ‘explorers’ define the word. Ran Fiennes, dubbed the ‘greatest lrving explorer’, said, ‘An explorer is someone who has done something that no human has done before — and also done something scientifically useful.’ Chris Bonington, a leading mountaineer, felt exploration was to be found in the act of physically touching the unknown: “You have to have gone somewhere new.’ Then Robin Hanbury-Tenison, a campaigner on behalf of remote so-called ‘tribal’ peoples, said, ‘A traveller simply records information about some far-off world, and reports back; but an explorer changes the world.’ Wilfred Thesiger, who crossed Arabia’s Empty Quarter in 1946, and belongs to an era of unmechanised travel now lost to the rest of us, told me, ‘If I'd gone across by camel when I could have gone by car, it would have been a stunt.’ To him, exploration meant bringing back information from a remote place regardless of any great self-discovery. Each definition is slightly different — and tends to reflect the field of endeavour of each pioneer. It was the same whoever I asked: the prominent historian would say exploration was a thing of the past, the cutting-edge scientist would say it was of the present. And so on. They each set their own particular criteria; the common factor in their approach being that they all had, unlike many of us who simply enjoy travel or discovering new things, both a very definite objective from the outset and also a desire to record their findings. I'd best declare my own bias. As a writer, I’m interested in the exploration of ideas. I’ve done a great many expeditions and each one was unique. I’ve lived for months alone with isolated groups of people all around the world, even two ‘uncontacted tribes’. But none of these things is of the slightest interest to anyone unless, through my books, I’ve found a new slant, explored anew idea. Why? Because the world has moved on. The time has long passed for the great continental voyages — another walk to the poles, another crossing of the Empty Quarter. We know how the land surface of our planet lies; exploration of it is now down to the details — the habits of microbes, say, or the grazing behaviour of buffalo. Aside from the deep sea and deep underground, it’s the era of specialists. However, this is to disregard the role the human mind has in conveying remote places; and this is what interests me: how a fresh interpretation, even of a well-travelled route, can give its readers new insights.

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 6
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes on your answer sheet.
1
The writer refers to visitors to New York to illustrate the point that
A
exploration is an intrinsic element of being human.
B
most people are enthusiastic about exploring.
C
exploration can lead to surprising results.
D
most people find exploration daunting.
2
According to the second paragraph, what is the writer’s view of explorers?
A
Their discoveries have brought both benefits and disadvantages.
B
Their main value is in teaching others.
C
They act on an urge that is common to everyone.
D
They tend to be more attracted to certain professions than to others.
3
The writer refers to a description of Egdon Heath to suggest that
A
Hardy was writing about his own experience of exploration.
B
Hardy was mistaken about the nature of exploration.
C
Hardy’s aim was to investigate people’s emotional states.
D
Hardy’s aim was to show the attraction of isolation.
4
In the fourth paragraph, the writer refers to ‘a golden age’ to suggest that
A
the amount of useful information produced by exploration has decreased.
B
fewer people are interested in exploring than in the 19th century.
C
recent developments have made exploration less exciting.
D
we are wrong to think that exploration is no longer necessary.
5
In the sixth paragraph, when discussing the definition of exploration, the writer argues that
A
people tend to relate exploration to their own professional interests.
B
certain people are likely to misunderstand the nature of exploration.
C
the generally accepted definition has changed over time.
D
historians and scientists have more valid definitions than the general public.
6
In the last paragraph, the writer explains that he is interested in
A
how someone’s personality is reflected in their choice of places to visit.
B
the human ability to cast new light on places that may be familiar.
C
how travel writing has evolved to meet changing demands.
D
the feelings that writers develop about the places that they explore.
Question 7 - 11
Look at the following statements and the list of explorers below.
Match each statement with the correct explorer, A-E.
Write the correct letter, A-E, in boxes on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once.
List of Findings
A
Peter Fleming
B
Ran Fiennes
C
Chris Bonington
D
Robin Hanbury-Tenison
E
Wilfred Thesiger
7
He referred to the relevance of the form of transport used.
8
He described feelings on coming back home after a long journey.
9
He worked for the benefit of specific groups of people.
10
He did not consider learning about oneself an essential part of the exploration.
11
He defined exploration as being both unique and of value to others.
Question 12 - 14
Complete the summary below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes on your answer sheet.
The writer’s own bias
The writer has experience of a large number of
12
, and was the first stranger that certain previously
13
people had encountered. He believes there is no need for further exploration of Earth’s
14
, except to answer specific questions such as how buffalo eat.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Đề hỏi đề cập đến “visitors to NY" để minh hoạ cái gì -> visitors to NY là example của cái point đằng trước nó. -> tìm và đọc câu đằng trước câu chưa visitor to NY.

Đọc theo Linearthinking



 1 We are  explorers 

 2 Our desire to discover is part of what makes us human .

 3 Long before …. , our ancestors had learnt the value of sending out to investigate .

Xem full giải thích
2
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đọc theo Linearthinking:



 1 . We think explorer different from the rest of us ; there is a type of person are more suited to seeking out the new to risk venturing out .

 2 . However , we all have this enquiring instinct

→ Main idea: Everyone has the same instinct as explorers, which is to seek out the new

→ Explorers are not different from us, and all have a common urge like everyone else

Xem full giải thích
3
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:

Cấu trúc Passage:  Hardy set some of his novels in Egdon Heath , and used the landscape to suggest the desires and fears of his characters 

=> Hardy aimed to use Egdon Heath to investigae people's emotional states.

=> Đáp án: C. Hardy’s aim was to investigate people’s emotional states.





Xem full giải thích
4
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

as if’ là cấu trúc ngữ pháp “như thể”, có ý nghĩa phủ định đoạn thông tin theo sau -> “as if the process of discovery is now on the decline” là “như thể” là các hành trình khám phá đang suy giảm, nhưng thực tế không phải như vậy. Nếu muốn rõ ràng hơn, bạn có thể đọc tiếp "though the truth is that S-V". Nhờ vào "though" (tuy nhiên), ta biết sự thật được trình bày ở S-V chắc chắn trái ngược với cái được nêu ở "as if"

-> trái ngược với cái được nêu ở "as if" -> we are wrong...

=> Đáp án: D. we are wrong to think that exploration is no longer necessary.



Xem full giải thích
5
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Read in structure để phân tích cấu trúc câu như sau: 

 1 Each definition is different and tends to reflect endeavor of each pioneer 

 2 the historian would say exploration was a thing of the past , scientist would say it was of the present 

 4 they each set their own particular criteria 

Ta thấy connection như sau:

Xem full giải thích
6
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Câu này đơn giản vì paraphrase dễ nhận diện. Bạn nào là fan của Linearthinking thì vẫn có thể đọc cấu trúc câu để nắm chắc main idea



 this is what interests me: how a fresh interpretation , even of a well-travelled route , can give its readers new insights.

-> Những gì làm cho tác giả hứng thú là: các diễn giải mới lạ mang lại cho độc giả hiểu biết mới (cast new light on sth), thậm chí là với cả tuyến đường đã đi nhiều (places that may be familiar)

-> Bạn có thể đoán nghĩa cụm "cast new light on places" thông qua từ new -> new = mới -> new light = ánh sáng mới = khai sáng, cung cấp kiến thức mới về địa điểm nào đó

=> Đáp án: B the human ability to cast new light on places that may be familiar.



Xem full giải thích
7
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tip: Cách làm dạng Matching Names:

  • Dò tìm name + đọc kĩ thông tin trong bài gắn với name này

  • Nhìn lại danh sách statement đề cho --> xem statement nào giống với thông tin vừa đọc trong bài



Về Wilfred Thesiger: Đọc theo Linearthinking: Wilfred Thesiger belongs to an era of unmechanised travel said  " ‘If I'd gone across by camel when I could have gone by car, it would have been a stunt" -> Wilfred Thesiger refered to some forms of transport: camel, car

Xem full giải thích
8
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tip: Cách làm dạng Matching Names:

  • Dò tìm name + đọc kĩ thông tin trong bài gắn với name này

  • Nhìn lại danh sách statement đề cho --> xem statement nào giống với thông tin vừa đọc trong bài

Vấn đề bạn có thể gặp phải là locate được đoạn info mà paraphrase “coming back home after a long journey”. Nhất định áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking để đọc liên kết và main idea, khi bạn cảm thấy lost giữa lô lốc những từ vựng mới nha.



Cấu trúc câu về Peter Flemming: 1 explorer talks of the moment when the explorer returns to his loved ones. 2 traveller who has for weeks or months seen himself only as a puny and an alien over a country  in which no roots and no background suddenly encounter himself… -> Câu 2 diễn tả chi tiết hơn về việc explorer returns to loved ones. => Main idea: explorer been in a foreign land for a long time, then came back to his loved ones

Xem full giải thích
9
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tip: Cách làm dạng Matching Names:

  • Dò tìm name + đọc kĩ thông tin trong bài gắn với name này

  • Nhìn lại danh sách statement đề cho --> xem statement nào giống với thông tin vừa đọc trong bài

Câu này khá dễ vì paraphrase dễ nhận diện.

 Robin Hanbury-Tenison , a campaigner on behalf of remote so-called ‘tribal’ peoples , said....

Xem full giải thích
10
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tip: Cách làm dạng Matching Names:

  • Dò tìm name + đọc kĩ thông tin trong bài gắn với name này

  • Nhìn lại danh sách statement đề cho --> xem statement nào giống với thông tin vừa đọc trong bài

Sử dụng DOL’s Linearthinking để đọc structure và main idea về Wilfred Thesiger:



1/ Cấu trúc passage: 

Xem full giải thích
11
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tip: Cách làm dạng Matching Names:

  • Dò tìm name + đọc kĩ thông tin trong bài gắn với name này

  • Nhìn lại danh sách statement đề cho --> xem statement nào giống với thông tin vừa đọc trong bài

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking để phân tích lời của Ran Fiennes Ran Fiennes - said: An explorer is someone who has done something that no human has done before and done something scientifically useful 

-> According to Ran Fiennes, an explorer does unique and valuable things.

Xem full giải thích
12
expeditions/unique expeditions
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Câu này paraphrase đơn giản, dễ nhận biết. Vì đề là No more than two words, nên cả 2 đáp án “expeditions" và “unique expeditions" đều được chấp nhận.



Chú ý rằng tuy trong bài không có trực tiếp cụm “unique expeditions" nhưng 2 từ tách biệt “unique" và “expeditions" có tại khu vực locate info, nên được chấp nhận (chú ý phải là word có trong passage nhé).

=> Đáp án: (unique) expedition



Xem full giải thích
13
uncontacted/isolated
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:



 I’ve lived for months alone with isolated groups of people - even two ‘uncontacted tribes’

-> I was the first stranger that some isolated/ uncontacted people'd met.

So với câu hỏi: ...and was the first stranger that certain previously  ________ people had encountered

=> Đáp án: uncontacted/ isolated



Xem full giải thích
14
surface/land surface
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Chỉ scan skim bạn sẽ không tìm ra được phrase nào mà paraphrase chính xác cụm “there is no need for further exploration of Earth’s ______” đâu! 

Don’t worry, DOL has Linearthinking!

Bạn cần đọc hiểu main idea của đoạn.

Cấu trúc passage We know land surface ; exploration is now down to the details 

→ we already know land surface, now we need exploration in the details

→ there’s no need for further exploration of land surface, except the details

Xem full giải thích

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