The Life And Work Of Marie Curie IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage The Life And Work Of Marie Curie được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Cambridge IELTS Practice Test 9 - Test 4 - Passage 1 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
The Life And Work Of Marie Curie IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

The life and work of Marie Curie
Marie Curie is probably the most famous woman scientist who has ever lived. Born Maria Sklodowska in Poland in 1867, she is famous for her work on radioactivity, and was twice a winner of the Nobel Prize. With her husband, Pierre Curie, and Henri Becquerel, she was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics, and was then sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. From childhood, Marie was remarkable for her prodigious memory, and at the age of 16 won a gold medal on completion of her secondary education. Because her father lost his savings through bad investment, she then had to take work as a teacher. From her earnings she was able to finance her sister Bronia's medical studies in Paris, on the understanding that Bronia would, in turn, later help her to get an education. In 1891 this promise was fulfilled and Marie went to Paris and began to study at the Sorbonne (the University of Paris). She often worked far into the night and lived on little more than bread and butter and tea. She came first in the examination in the physical sciences in 1893, and in 1894 was placed second in the examination in mathematical sciences. It was not until the spring of that year that she was introduced to Pierre Curie. Their marriage in 1895 marked the start of a partnership that was soon to achieve results of world significance. Following Henri Becquerel's discovery in 1896 of a new phenomenon, which Marie later called 'radioactivity', Marie Curie decided to find out if the radioactivity discovered in uranium was to be found in other elements. She discovered that this was true for thorium. Turning her attention to minerals, she found her interest drawn to pitchblende, a mineral whose radioactivity, superior to that of pure uranium, could be explained only by the presence in the ore of small quantities of an unknown substance of very high activity. Pierre Curie joined her in the work that she had undertaken to resolve this problem, and that led to the discovery of the new elements, polonium and radium. While Pierre Curie devoted himself chiefly to the physical study of the new radiations, Marie Curie struggled to obtain pure radium in the metallic state. This was achieved with the help of the chemist André-Louis Debierne, one of Pierre Curie's pupils. Based on the results of this research, Marie Curie received her Doctorate of Science, and in 1903 Marie and Pierre shared with Becquerel the Nobel Prize for Physics for the discovery of radioactivity. The births of Marie's two daughters, Irène and Eve, in 1897 and 1904 failed to interrupt her scientific work. She was appointed lecturer in physics at the École Normale Supérieure for girls in Sèvres, France (1900), and introduced a method of teaching based on experimental demonstrations. In December 1904 she was appointed chief assistant in the laboratory directed by Pierre Curie. The sudden death of her husband in 1906 was a bitter blow to Marie Curie, but was also a turning point in her career: henceforth she was to devote all her energy to completing alone the scientific work that they had undertaken. On May 13, 1906, she was appointed to the professorship that had been left vacant on her husband's death, becoming the first woman to teach at the Sorbonne. In 1911 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the isolation of a pure form of radium. During World War I, Marie Curie, with the help of her daughter Irène, devoted herself to the development of the use of X-radiography, including the mobile units which came to be known as ‘Little Curies', used for the treatment of wounded soldiers. In 1918 the Radium Institute, whose staff Irène had joined, began to operate in earnest, and became a centre for nuclear physics and chemistry. Marie Curie, now at the highest point of her fame and, from 1922, a member of the Academy of Medicine, researched the chemistry of radioactive substances and their medical applications. In 1921, accompanied by her two daughters, Marie Curie made a triumphant journey to the United States to raise funds for research on radium. Women there presented her with a gram of radium for her campaign. Marie also gave lectures in Belgium, Brazil, Spain and Czechoslovakia and, in addition, had the satisfaction of seeing the development of the Curie Foundation in Paris, and the inauguration in 1932 in Warsaw of the Radium Institute, where her sister Bronia became director. One of Marie Curie's outstanding achievements was to have understood the need to accumulate intense radioactive sources, not only to treat illness but also to maintain an abundant supply for research. The existence in Paris at the Radium Institute of a stock of 1.5 grams of radium made a decisive contribution to the success of the experiments undertaken in the years around 1930. This work prepared the way for the discovery of the neutron by Sir James Chadwick and, above all, for the discovery in 1934 by Irène and Frédéric Joliot-Curie of artificial radioactivity. A few months after this discovery, Marie Curie died as a result of leukaemia caused by exposure to radiation. She had often carried test tubes containing radioactive isotopes in her pocket, remarking on the pretty blue-green light they gave off. Her contribution to physics had been immense, not only in her own work, the importance of which had been demonstrated by her two Nobel Prizes, but because of her influence on subsequent generations of nuclear physicists and chemists.

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 6
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage?
In following statements below, choose
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
1
Marie Curie’s husband was a joint winner of both Marie’s Nobel Prizes.
2
Marie became interested in science when she was a child.
3
Marie was able to attend the Sorbonne because of her sister’s financial contribution.
4
Marie stopped doing research for several years when her children were born.
5
Marie took over the teaching position her husband had held.
6
Marie’s sister Bronia studied the medical uses of radioactivity.
Question 7 - 13
Complete the notes below.
Choose ONE WORD from the passage for each answer.
Marie Curie’s research on radioactivity
• When uranium was discovered to be radioactive, Marie Curie found that the element called
7
had the same property. 
• Marie and Pierre Curie’s research into the radioactivity of the mineral known as
8
led to the discovery of two new elements. 
• In 1911, Marie Curie received recognition for her work on the element
9
• Marie and Irene Curie developed X-radiography which was used as a medical technique for
10
• Marie Curie saw the importance of collecting radioactive material both for research and for cases of
11
• The radioactive material stocked in Paris contributed to the discoveries in the 1930s of the
12
. and of what was known as artificial radioactivity. 
• During her research, Marie Curie was exposed to radiation and as a result she suffered from
13
.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
False
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Phân tích info theo DOL’s Linearthinking để nắm main idea, ta có:

 With her husband , Pierre Curie , and Henri Becquerel, she was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics, and was then sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize for Chemistry 

  • Structure: With N/NP, S-V and V 

→ With her husband - Pierre, she was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize and was sole winner of 1911 Nobel Prize 

→ Trong câu này, bạn sẽ gặp từ mới là “sole winner”, nhưng bạn có thể dựa vào connection để đoán nghĩa.

Xem full giải thích
2
Not Given
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking 



 From childhood , Marie was remarkable for her prodigious memory , and at the age of 16 won a gold medal on completion of her secondary education. 

  • Structure: From N/NP, S-V1 and V2

→ From childhood, Marie was remarkable for her memory and won a gold medal at 16 

→ từ thông tin trên mình có thể hiểu: Marie’s memory is good and she won a medal at 16 years old 

Xem full giải thích
3
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đọc theo DOL’s Linearthinking

để nắm main idea, ta có:

 1 From her earnings she was able to finance her sister Bronia's medical studies in Paris , on the understanding that  Bronia would , in turn , later help her to get an education .

 2 In 1891 this promise was fulfilled and Marie went to Paris and began to study at the Sorbonne .

  • Structure: From N/NP S-V on the understanding that S2-V2

  • In 1891 this promise was fulfilled and she began to study at Sorbonne 

Xem full giải thích
4
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Thông tin cần xác định: Việc sinh con có ảnh hưởng đến công việc nghiên cứu khoa học của Marie không?

 The births of Marie's two daughters, Irène and Eve in 1897 and 1904 failed to interrupt her scientific work. 

→ The births of Marie’s 2 daughters không cản trở việc nghiên cứu của cô

→ Suy ra: Marie were still working when she had babies 

→ opposite meaning với câu hỏi

Xem full giải thích
5
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Phân tích theo structure



 On May 13, 1906 , she was appointed to the professorship that had been left vacant on her husband's death , ...

→ she was appointed to the professorship → phần này ko hiểu không sao vì bạn có thể đọc phần giải thích bằng mệnh đề quan hệ sau that

→ Marie được appointed to the professorship mà được để trống do her husband's death, trở thành giảng viên nữ đầu tiên

-> Vậy Marie đảm nhận vị trí của chồng sau khi anh qua đời

Xem full giải thích
6
Not Given
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking



Meaning câu hỏi là: Bronia học medical uses của radioactivity

 From her earnings she was able to finance her sister Bronia's medical studies in Paris , on the understanding...

→ her sister Bronia's medical studies in Paris

→ Bronia studied medical in Paris

Xem full giải thích
7
thorium
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



 Tip: Ở dạng điền từ bạn cần chú ý xác định loại từ cần điền trước khi locate thông tin trong bài. 



Sử dụng Linearthinking

để nắm main idea của infor, bạn sẽ có như sau:

 1 Following Henri Becquerel's discovery in 1896 of a new phenomenon , which Marie later called 'radioactivity', Marie Curie decided to find out if the radioactivity discovered in uranium was to be found in other elements

 2 She discovered that this was true for thorium .

Xem full giải thích
8
pitchblende
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



 Tip: Ở dạng điền từ bạn cần chú ý xác định loại từ cần điền trước khi locate thông tin trong bài. 



Sử dụng Linearthinking

để nắm main idea của infor, bạn sẽ có như sau:

 1 Turning her attention to minerals , she found her interest drawn to pitchblende , a mineral whose radioactivity could be explained only by the presence in the ore of of an unknown substance

Main idea: Marie's new interest is pitchblende và nguyên phần “a mineral …” ở phía sau là để giải thích cho pitchblende 

Xem full giải thích
9
radium
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tip: Ở dạng điền từ bạn cần chú ý xác định loại từ cần điền trước khi locate thông tin trong bài. 



Sử dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea của infor, bạn sẽ có như sau:

 In 1911 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the isolation of a pure form of radium. 

→ Vậy main idea: Marie received Nobel Prize on the element of radium

Xem full giải thích
10
soldiers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tip: Ở dạng điền từ bạn cần chú ý xác định loại từ cần điền trước khi locate thông tin trong bài. 



Meaning của câu hỏi: Marie and Irene developed X-radiography - từng được sử dụng như là 1 medical technique cho ____ 

→ tìm purpose sử dụng của X-ray trong bài đọc 

Câu này bạn đọc xong, có thể sẽ bị điền nhầm là “treatment" vì cụm used for the treatment → Sai



Xem full giải thích
11
illness
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tip: Ở dạng điền từ bạn cần chú ý xác định loại từ cần điền trước khi locate thông tin trong bài. 



Sử dụng Linearthinking

để nắm main idea của infor, bạn sẽ có như sau:

 One of Marie achievement was to understand the need to accumulate radioactive sources not only to treat illness but also maintain supply for research 

→ Radioactive sources are important for treating illness and maintaining supply for research 

Xem full giải thích
12
neutron
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tip: Ở dạng điền từ bạn cần chú ý xác định loại từ cần điền trước khi locate thông tin trong bài. 



Sử dụng Linearthinking

để nắm main idea của infor, bạn sẽ có như sau:

 1 The existence in Paris of radium made a contribution to the success of the experiments in 1930 

 2 This work prepared the way for the discovery of neutron... 

Xem full giải thích
13
leukaemia/leukemia
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tip: Ở dạng điền từ bạn cần chú ý xác định loại từ cần điền trước khi locate thông tin trong bài. 



Sử dụng Linearthinking

để nắm main idea của infor, bạn sẽ có như sau:

 After this discovery Marie Curie died as a result of leukaemia caused by exposure to radiation 

Main idea câu này bạn rút ra được như sau: Marie Curie was exposed to radiation → she suffered from leukaemia → then died 

Xem full giải thích

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