The Future Of The World's Language IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage The Future Of The World's Language được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 5 - Test 5 - Passage 3 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
The Future Of The World's Language IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

The future of the World's Language
Of the world’s 6,500 living languages, around half are expected to the out by the end of this century, according to UNESCO. Just 11 are spoken by more than half of the earth’s population, so it is little wonder that those used by only a few are being left behind as we become a more homogenous, global society. In short, 95 percent of the world’s languages are spoken by only five percent of its population—a remarkable level of linguistic diversity stored in tiny pockets of speakers around the world. Mark Turin, a university professor, has launched WOLP (World Oral Language Project) to prevent the language from the brink of extinction. He is trying to encourage indigenous communities to collaborate with anthropologists around the world to record what he calls “oral literature” through video cameras, voice recorders and other multimedia tools by awarding grants from a £30,000 pot that the project has secured this year. The idea is to collate this literature in a digital archive that can be accessed on demand and will make the nuts and bolts of lost cultures readily available. For many of these communities, the oral tradition is at the heart of their culture. The stories they tell are creative as well as communicative. Unlike the languages with celebrated written traditions, such as Sanskrit, Hebrew and Ancient Greek, few indigenous communities have recorded their own languages or ever had them recorded until now. The project suggested itself when Turin was teaching in Nepal. He wanted to study for a PhD in endangered languages and, while discussing it with his professor at Leiden University in the Netherlands, was drawn to a map on his tutor’s wall. The map was full of pins of a variety of colours which represented all the world’s languages that were completely undocumented. At random, Turin chose a “pin” to document. It happened to belong to the Thangmi tribe, an indigenous community in the hills east of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. “Many of the choices of anthropologists and linguists who work on these traditional field-work projects are quite random,” he admits. Continuing his work with the Thangmi community in the 1990s, Turin began to record the language he was hearing, realising that not only was this language and its culture entirely undocumented, it was known to few outside the tiny community. He set about trying to record their language and myth of origins. “I wrote 1,000 pages of grammar in English that nobody could use—but I realised that wasn’t enough. It wasn’t enough for me, it wasn’t enough for them. It simply wasn’t going to work as something for the community. So then I produced this trilingual word list in Thangmi, Nepali and English.” In short, it was the first ever publication of that language. That small dictionary is still sold in local schools for a modest 20 rupees, and used as part of a wider cultural regeneration process to educate children about their heritage and language. The task is no small undertaking: Nepal itself is a country of massive ethnic and linguistic diversity, home to 100 languages from four different language families. What’s more, even fewer ethnic Thangmi speak the Thangmi language. Many of the community members have taken to speaking Nepali, the national language taught in schools and spread through the media, and community elders are dying without passing on their knowledge. Despite Turin’s enthusiasm for his subject, he is baffled by many linguists’ refusal to engage in the issue he is working on. “Of the 6,500 languages spoken on Earth, many do not have written traditions and many of these spoken forms are endangered,” he says. “There are more linguists in universities around the world than there are spoken languages—but most of them aren’t working on this issue. To me it’s amazing that in this day and age, we still have an entirely incomplete image of the world’s linguistic diversity. People do PhDs on the apostrophe in French, yet we still don’t know how many languages are spoken.” “When a language becomes endangered, so too does a cultural world view. We want to engage with indigenous people to document their myths and folklore, which can be harder to find funding for if you are based outside Western universities.” Yet, despite the struggles facing initiatives such as the World Oral Literature Project, there are historical examples that point to the possibility that language restoration is no mere academic pipe dream. The revival of a modern form of Hebrew in the 19th century is often cited as one of the best proofs that languages long dead, belonging to small communities, can be resurrected and embraced by a large number of people. By the 20th century, Hebrew was well on its way to becoming the main language of the Jewish population of both Ottoman and British Palestine. It is now spoken by more than seven million people in Israel. Yet, despite the difficulties these communities face in saving their languages, Dr Turin believes that the fate of the world’s endangered languages is not sealed, and globalization is not necessarily the nefarious perpetrator of evil it is often presented to be. “I call it the globalisation paradox: on the one hand globalisation and rapid socio-economic change are the things that are eroding and challenging diversity. But on the other, globalisation is providing us with new and very exciting tools and facilities to get to places to document those things that globalisation is eroding. Also, the communities at the coal-face of change are excited by what globalisation has to offer.” In the meantime, the race is on to collect and protect as many of the languages as possible, so that the Rai Shaman in eastern Nepal and those in the generations that follow him can continue their traditions and have a sense of identity. And it certainly is a race: Turin knows his project’s limits and believes it inevitable that a large number of those languages will disappear. “We have to be wholly realistic. A project like ours is in no position, and was not designed, to keep languages alive. The only people who can help languages survive are the people in those communities themselves. They need to be reminded that it’s good to speak their own language and I think we can help them do that—becoming modem doesn’t mean you have to lose your language.”

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 5
Complete the summary using the list of words, A-J, below.
Of the world’s 6,500 living languages, about half of them are expected to be extinct. Most of the world’s languages are spoken by a
1
of people. However, Professor Turin set up a project WOLP to prevent
2
of the languages. The project provides the community with
3
to enable people to record their endangered languages. The oral tradition has great cultural
4
. An important
5
between languages spoken by few people and languages with celebrated written documents existed in many communities.
A
similarity
B
significance
C
funding
D
minority
E
education
F
difference
G
education
H
diversity
I
majority
J
disappearance
Question 6 - 9
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage?
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
6
Turin argued that anthropologists and linguists usually think carefully before selecting an area to research.
7
Turin concluded that the Thangmi language had few similarities with other languages.
8
Turin has written that 1000-page document was inappropriate for Thangmi community
9
Some Nepalese schools lack resources to devote to language teaching.
Question 10 - 14
Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D.
10
Why does Turin say people do PhDs on the apostrophe in French?
A
He believes that researchers have limited role in the research of languages.
B
He compares the methods of research into languages.
C
He thinks research should result in a diverse cultural outlook.
D
He holds that research into French should focus on more general aspects.
11
What is discussed in the ninth paragraph?
A
Forces driving people to believe endangered languages can survive.
B
The community where people distrust language revival.
C
The methods of research that have improved language restoration.
D
Initiatives the World Oral Literature Project is bringing to Israel.
12
How is the WOLP’s prospect?
A
It would not raise enough funds to achieve its aims.
B
It will help keep languages alive.
C
It will be embraced by a large number of people.
D
It has chance to succeed to protect the engendered languages.
13
What is Turin’s main point of globalisation?
A
Globalisation is the main reason for endangered language.
B
Globalisation has both advantages and disadvantages.
C
We should have a more critical view of globalisation.
D
We should foremost protect our identity in face of globalisation.
14
What does Turin suggest that community people should do?
A
Learn other languages.
B
Only have a sense of identity.
C
Keep up with the modem society without losing their language.
D
Join the race to protect as many languages as possible but be realistic.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
minority
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 95 percent of the world’s languages are spoken by only five percent of its population

=> 95% ngôn ngữ trên thế giới được nói bởi 5% dân số

=> 5% of its population = a minority of people

=> Answer: minority



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2
disappearance
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Với tên riêng 'Mark Turin''WOLP', ta dễ dàng locate được info



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 Mark Turin has launched WOLP to prevent the language from the brink of extinction.

=> to prevent A from B = ngăn A khỏi B

=> Mark Turin launched (= set up) WOLP để ngăn cho ngôn ngữ khỏi sự tuyệt chủng

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3
funding
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Step 1: Hiểu đáp án

The project provides the community with ____ to enable people to record their endangered languages

=> Ta có cấu trúc: Provide sb with sth

=> Đáp án là thứ mà projects cung cấp cho community để họ quay record their endagnered languages



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4
significance
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Phân tích info:

 the oral tradition is at the heart of their culture 

=> 'heart' là bộ phận quan trọng của con người

=> to be at the heart of something = to be the most important part of something

=> Oral tradition là quan trọng nhất trong văn hóa của họ

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5
difference
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Dựa vào cụm ' languages with celebrated written documents' ta có thể dễ dàng locate được info

 Unlike the languages with celebrated written traditions 

=> Không giống languages with celebrated written traditions

=> Đang so sánh với những ngôn ngữ khác

=> Trong trường hợp này là so sánh với 'languages spoken by few people'

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6
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

Many of the choices of anthropologists and linguists who work on these traditional field-work projects are quite random

=> Main idea: anthropologists and linguists thường lựa chọn ngẫu nhiên

=> Vậy là họ select randomly chứ không phải think carefully như đề bài nói -> Chọn FALSE



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7
Not Given
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ta có thể locate thông tin cần đọc dựa vào từ 'Thangmi'

=> Tuy nhiên không hề thấy so sánh Thangmi với các ngôn ngữ khác

=> Chọn NOT GIVEN



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8
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Dựa vào con số 1,000, ta dễ dàng locate được info cần đọc



Áp dụng Linearthinking để đọc connection:

 1 I wrote 1,000 pages of grammar in English that nobody could us

 2 It simply wasn’t going to work for the community.

=> 1 + 2 : 1,000 pages of grammar thì không có ích gì đối với Thangmi community

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9
Not Given
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Dựa vào từ "Nepalese" ta có thể khoanh vùng đáp án cần đọc

=> Tuy nhiên không thấy đề cập tới việc schools lack resources để dạy ngôn ngữ

=> Chọn NOT GIVEN



>>>

Tips: Nếu bạn vẫn chưa chắc, và nghĩ thông tin này có thể xuất hiện ở đâu đó trong bài đọc nữa thì bạn hãy khoan chọn đáp ánlàm tiếp câu sau

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10
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 1 “There are more linguists than spoken languages but most of them aren’t working on this issue"

 2 in this day and age, we still have an incomplete image of the world’s linguistic diversity.

 3 People do PhDs on the apostrophe in French , yet we still don’t know how many languages are spoken.”

=> Câu 1 nói có nhiều linguists hơn spoken languages, nhưng họ không nghiên cứu về spoken languages

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11
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 1 there are historical examples that point to the possibility that language restoration is no mere academic pipe dream.

 2 The revival of a modern form of Hebrew is one of the best proofs that languages long dead, belonging to small communities, can be resurrected and embraced by a large number of people.

 3 + 4 bổ sung cho câu 2 : cho thêm chi tiết về việc phục chế của Hebrew

=> Câu 1 nói language restoration là có thể thực hiện được

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12
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 there are historical examples that point to the possibility that language restoration is no mere academic pipe dream.

=> Có những ví dụ cho thấy language restoration không phải là academic pipe dream

>>> Dù không hiểu pipe dream là gì, ta có thể giản lược thành 'is no dream' -> không phải giấc mơ -> có thể thực hiện được

=> Language restoration là có thể thực hiện được

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13
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 1 I call it the globalisation paradox : on the one hand globalization and rapid socio-economic change are eroding and challenging diversity.

 2 But on the other, globalisation is providing us with new and very exciting tools and facilities to get to places to document those things that globalisation is eroding.

=> 1 + 2 Ta thấy Turin gọi đây là nghịch lý globalization sau đó thấy ông so sánh qua các cụm 'on the one hand' + 'on the other hand'

  • Disadvantage: globalization are eroding and challenging diversity

  • Advantage: globalization is providing us with new and very exciting tools and facilities...

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14
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 1 The only people who can help languages survive are the people in those communities themselves. 

 2 They need to be reminded that it’s good to speak their own language - becoming modern doesn’t mean you have to lose your language.”

Câu 1 nói chỉ những người trong communities mới có thể cứu ngôn ngữ của chính họ

Câu 2 Họ cần nhớ rằng - it’s good to speak their own language - trở nên modern - không có nghĩa là đánh mất ngôn ngữ của họ

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