Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 7 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 7 được lấy từ cuốn sách Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 7 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 6
Complete the table below Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Hostel accommodation in Darwin
Question 7 - 10
Complete the notes below. Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Kangaroo Lodge
Address: on
7
Lane
General information about hostel accommodation
  • sheets are provided

  • can hire a

    8

  • 

    9
    is included

  • a shared

    10
    is available

❓ Tapescript section 1

Hotel Accommodation In Darwin
00:00
Julie:
Hi Nick. It’s Julie. Have you managed to find any information about accommodation in Darwin?
Nick:
Hi. I was just going to call you. I’ve found some on the Internet. There are quite a few hostels for backpackers there. The first possibility I found was a hostel called Top End Backpackers.
Julie:
OK.
Nick:
It's pretty cheap, you can get a bed in a dormitory for nineteen dollars per person. Private rooms cost a bit more, but we'll be OK in dormitories, won't we?
Julie:
Sure.
Nick:
So that hostel has parking, though that doesn't really matter to us as we'll be using public transport.
Julie:
Yeah. Are there any reviews on the website from people who've been there?
Nick:
Well, yes. They aren't all that good though. Some people said they didn't like the staff, they had an unfriendly attitude.
Julie:
Mmm. That's quite unusual in a hostel, usually all the staff are really welcoming.
Nick:
That's what I thought. People said they liked the pool, and the fact that the rooms had air-conditioning, but the problem with that was that it was very noisy, so they were kept awake. But it was too hot if they turned it off, so they had to put up with it.
Julie:
Someone told me there's another hostel called Gum Tree something.
Nick:
Gum Tree Lodge. It costs a bit more, forty-five dollars a person.
Julie:
What?
Nick:
Oh, no, that's for private rooms, it's twenty-three fifty for the dorms.
Julie:
That's more like it.
Nick:
It looks to be in quite a good location, a bit out of town and quiet but with good transport, and quiet near a beach.
Julie:
Has it got a pool?
Nick:
Yes, and its own gardens. The reviews for that one are mostly OK except for one person who said they couldn't sleep because there were insects flying around in the dormitories.
Julie:
Not for me then. And I'd rather be somewhere central really.
Nick:
Right. There's a place called Kangaroo Lodge. They've got dorms at twenty-two dollars. And it's downtown, near all the restaurants and clubs and everything, so that should suit you. And it doesn't close at night.
Julie:
So there's always someone on reception. That sounds good.
Nick:
The only criticism I saw was that the rooms were a bit messy and untidy because people just left their clothes and stuff all over the beds and the floor.
Julie:
Don't hostels usually have lockers in the bedrooms where you can leave your stuff?
Nick:
Yeah, they do usually, but apparently they don't here.
Nick:
Still, hostels are never particularly tidy places, so that doesn't bother me. And the same person said that the standard of cleanliness was pretty good, and especially the bathrooms, they were excellent as far as that went.
Julie:
Right. Yeah, I reckon Kangaroo Lodge sounds the best.
Nick:
Me too. Quite a lot of people reviewing it said it was really fun there, like every night everyone staying there got together and ended up having a party. So it sounds like it's got a really good atmosphere.
Julie:
OK, let's go for that one.
Julie:
Did you get the address of Kangaroo Lodge?
Nick:
Yes ... it's on Shadforth Lane.
Julie:
Can you spell that?
Nick:
S-H-A-D-F-O-R-T-H. It's near the transit centre where the intercity buses and the airport buses drop you off.
Julie:
Cool. I'm really looking forward to this. I've never stayed in a hostel before. Do they provide bed linen-sheets and things?
Nick:
Yeah. And you can usually either bring your own towel. or hire one there, but they don't usually provide those for free.
Julie:
OK. And what happens about meals?
Nick:
Well, you don't have to pay extra for breakfast. It varies a lot in different places but generally it's OK. And there's usually a café where you can buy a snack or a hot meal for lunch. But actually if you're really travelling on the cheap, usually for every five or six rooms there's a kitchen where you can knock up a snack, and that saves a lot of money.
Julie:
Great. Right, well shall I go ahead and book that…

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
Unfriendly
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem staff như thế nào (staff are .... )

Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Are there any reviews on the website from people who've been there?" (đề cập tới reviews)

Nghe tiếp có "They aren't all that good though. Some people said they didn't like the staff, they had an unfriendly attitude"

=> Một số người không thích staff và nói rằng họ có thái độ unfriendly => Đáp án là unfriendly



Xem full giải thích
2
Noisy
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là đặc điểm của điều hòa (air-conditioning is too ... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "and the fact that the rooms had air-conditioning,"

Nghe tiếp thấy " but the problem with that was that it was very noisy,"

=> Vấn đề là nó rất ồn ào => Đáp án là noisy



Xem full giải thích
3
23.50/twenty-three fifty
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là giá tiền ($ .... ) của Gum Tree Lodge (dormitory rooms)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "there's another hostel called Gum Tree "

Tiếp tục nghe có nói " It costs a bit more, forty-five dollars a person."

Tuy nhiên nghe tiếp "Oh, no, that's for private rooms,"

=> giá đó là cho private rooms => 45 không phải đáp án



Xem full giải thích
4
Insects
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là vật có trong phòng (....in the dormitories)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "It looks to be in quite a good location, a bit out of town and quiet " (ý phía trước đáp án)

Tiếp theo Nick nói : "....one person who said they couldn't sleep because there were insects flying around in the dormitories."

=> Trừ 1 người nói rằng họ không ngủ được vì có insects bay quanh dormitories => Đáp án là insects



Xem full giải thích
5
Bathrooms
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ gì sạch sẽ (the .... are very clean)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "hostels are never particularly tidy places" (nhắc đến sự gọn gàng)

Sau đó nghe được ".... the standard of cleanliness was pretty good, and especially the bathrooms, they were excellent as far as that went."

=> Đề cập tới tiêu chuẩn sạch sẽ, và nói bathrooms were excellent => Đáp án đúng là bathrooms



Xem full giải thích
6
Party
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là thứ tổ chức mỗi tối (seems to be a .... every night)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "Quite a lot of people reviewing it said it was really fun there, " (nhắc đến review)

Nghe tiếp có "like every night everyone staying there got together and ended up having a party. "

=> Mỗi tối mọi người tập trung và tổ chức tiệc => Đáp án đúng là party



Xem full giải thích
7
S-H-A-D-F-O-R-T-H/S-h-a-d-f-o-r-t-h
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là tên đường

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau " Did you get the address of Kangaroo Lodge?" (hỏi về địa chỉ)

Tiếp tục nghe trả lời "on Shadforth Lane. " và Nick spell tên phố là S-H-A-D-F-O-R-T-H

=> Đáp án đúng là Shadforth



Xem full giải thích
8
Towel
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem có thể thuê cái gì (can hire a ...)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau " "Do they provide bed linen-sheets and things?" (items đến trước)



And you can usually either bring your own towel or hire one there, but they don't usually provide those for free.

=> Có thể mang towel hoặc thuê nhưng thường sẽ không có free => Đáp án đúng là towel



Xem full giải thích
9
Breakfast
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái gì được bao gồm (.... is included) Đáp án sẽ tới sau "And what happens about meals?" (sang 1 ý mới)

Nghe tiếp thấy "Well, you don't have to pay extra for breakfast"

=> Không phải trả thêm cho bữa sáng (bữa sáng đã được bao gồm trong tiền phòng) => Đáp án đúng là breakfast



Xem full giải thích
10
Kitchen
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình nghe xem có thứ gì dùng chung (a shared .... is available)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau " And there's usually a café where you can buy a snack or a hot meal for lunch."

Sau đó nghe tiếp "If you're really travelling on the cheap, usually for every five or six rooms there's a kitchen"

=> 5-6 phòng sẽ dùng chung 1 căn bếp => Đáp án đúng là kitchen



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 16
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
11
The land where the Sculpture Park is located was previously
A
completely covered by forest.
B
the site of private house
C
occupied by a factory
12
What is unusual about the Anglia Sculpture Park?
A
Artists have made sculptures especially for it.
B
Some of its sculptures were donated by the artists.
C
It only shows contemporary sculptures.
13
What is the theme of Joe Tremain’s ’burnt sculptures?
A
the contrast between nature and urban life
B
the effect of man on the environment
C
the violence of nature
14
The path by the Lower Lake
A
is rather wet in some places.
B
has recently been repaired
C
is difficult to walk on.
15
What does the speaker say about the Visitor Centre?
A
It is being enlarged at present.
B
It has received an international award.
C
It was designed by a Canadian architect.
16
Today, visitors can buy snacks and sandwiches
A
at the kiosk.
B
in the Terrace Room.
C
at the Lower Lake Café.
Question 17 - 20
Label the map below Write the correct letter, A-F.
OCG_L7_S2_Anglia Sculpture Park_NoOpt.jpg
A
B
C
D
E
F
Joe Tremain sculptures
17
Giorgio Catalucci bird sculptures
18
Garden Gallery
19
Long House
20

❓ Tapescript section 2

Anglia Sculpture Park
00:00
Hello everyone and welcome to the Anglia Sculpture Park, Right, well, the idea behind the sculpture park is that it's a place where works of art such as large sculptures and carvings can be displayed out of doors in a natural setting.
As you'll have noticed when you drove here, most of the land around the park is farmland. The park itself belonged to a family called the De Quincies, who had made a lot of money from manufacturing farm machinery, and who also owned substantial stretches of forest land to the north of the park.
They built a house in the centre of the park, not far from where we're standing now, but this burnt down in 1980 and the De Quincies then sold the land.
The Anglia Sculpture Park isn't the only one in the country: several of the London parks sometimes display contemporary sculptures, and there are a couple of other permanent sculpture parks in England.
But we're unique in that some of our sculptures were actually created for the sites they occupy here, and we also show sculptures by a wider range of artists than anywhere else in the country.
For example, at present we have an exhibition by Joe Tremain, of what he calls 'burnt' sculptures.
These are wood and stone sculptures that he's carved and marked with fire to illustrate the ferocity and intensity of the forces that have shaped our planet over millions of years.
They look really dramatic in this rural setting: To see some of the sculptures, you'll need to follow the path alongside the Lower Lake. We had to renovate this after the lake overflowed its banks a couple of months ago and flooded the area. The water level's back to normal now and you shouldn't have any trouble, the path's very level underfoot.
You should be back at the Visitor Centre at about four o'clock. If you have time it's worth taking a look at the Centre itself. It's not possible to go upstairs at present as builders are working there adding another floor, but the rest's well worth seeing.
The architect was Guy King. He was actually born in this part of England but he recently designed a museum in Canada that won a prize for innovation in public buildings.
If you want to get something to eat when you get back, like a snack or a sandwich, the Terrace Room is currently closed, but you can go to the kiosk and buy something, then sit on one of the chairs overlooking the Lower Lake and enjoy the view as you're eating.
Now, let me just tell you a bit about what you can see in the Sculpture Park. If you look at your map, you'll see the Visitor Centre, where we are now, at the bottom, just by the entrance.
Since we only have an hour, you might not be able to get right around the park, but you can choose to visit some of the highlights.
You might like to take a look at the Joe Tremain sculptures which are displayed on this side of the Upper Lake just behind the Education Centre and near the bridge. They're really impressive, but please remember not to let your children climb on them.
One of our most popular exhibitions is the Giorgio Catalucci bird sculptures - they're just across the bridge on the north side of Lower Lake. I love the way they're scattered around in the long grass beside the lake, looking as if they're just about to take to their wings.
You could also go to the Garden Gallery. It's on this side of the Upper Lake - from the Visitor Centre you go to the Education Centre, then keep on along the path and you'll see it on your right.
There's an exhibition of animal carvings there which is well worth a look.
We also have the Long House - that's quite a walk. From here, you go to the bridge and then turn left on the other side. Soon you'll see a winding pathway going up towards the northern boundary of the park - go up there and you'll find it at the top.
They have some abstract metal sculptures that are well worth seeing if you have time. OK well now if you’re …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem khu vực Sculture Park trước đây là gì

Đáp án tới khi nghe "As you'll have noticed when you drove here, most of the land around the park is farmland" (đề cập tới khu đất)

Sau đó nghe "They built a house in the centre of the park,... but this burnt down in 1980

=> Họ (gia đình De Quincies) đã xây 1 ngôi nhà và nó đã bị cháy => Đáp án đúng là B



Xem full giải thích
12
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem có gì bất thường về Anglia Sculpture Park

Đáp án sẽ tới sau "The Anglia Sculpture Park isn't the only one in the country"

Đầu tiên nói " several of the London parks sometimes display contemporary sculptures,

=> Nhắc đến contemporary sculptures nhưng là ở nhiều London parks khác => Loại đáp án C



Tiếp theo nghe "But we're unique in that some of our sculptures were actually created for the sites they occupy here"

Xem full giải thích
13
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem chủ đề của bức điêu khắc của Joe Tremain là gì

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau khi nghe "at present we have an exhibition by Joe Tremain, of what he calls 'burnt' sculptures"

Tiếp theo nghe được mô tả sculpture và speaker nói thêm "These are wood and stone sculptures that he's carved and marked with fire to illustrate the ferocity and intensity of the forces that have shaped our planet over millions of years"

=> Thể hiện ferocity and intensity (sự tàn khốc) của forces (nature) mà đã hình thành nên trái đất => Đáp án là C

Xem full giải thích
14
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem con đường cạnh Lower Lake như thế nào

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "you'll need to follow the path alongside the Lower Lake."

Tiếp tục nghe có "We had to renovate this after the lake overflowed its banks a couple of months ago and flooded the area."

=> Phải sửa vì sông tràn bờ và làm ngập cả khu vực (repaired=renovate) => Đáp án đúng là B



Vì cả khu vực bị ngập chứ không chỉ wet in some places

Xem full giải thích
15
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem speaker nói gì về Visitor Center

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau khi nghe "You should be back at the Visitor Centre at about four o'clock."

Tiếp theo nghe "It's not possible to go upstairs at present as builders are working there adding another floor, "

=> Đang xây thêm tầng nữa (=enlarged) => Đáp án là A



Sau đó nhắc đến kiến trúc sư là Guy King sinh ra ở Anh nhưng recently designed a museum in Canada

Xem full giải thích
16
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem visitors có thể mua snack and drink ở đâu

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "If you want to get something to eat when you get back, like a snack or a sandwich"



Tiếp tục nghe " the Terrace Room is currently closed"

=> Terrace Room hiện tại đang đóng cửa => Loại đáp án B



Speaker nói tiếp "but you can go to the kiosk and buy something"

Xem full giải thích
17
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng đầu tiên là Joe Tremain sculptures

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "You might like to take a look at the Joe Tremain sculptures"

Tiếp tục nghe được "which are displayed on this side of the Upper Lake just behind the Education Centre and near the bridge. "

=> Ở bên này Upper Lake đằng sau Education Centre gần cây cầu => Đáp án đúng là E



Xem full giải thích
18
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng là Giorgio Catalucci bird sculptures

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "One of our most popular exhibitions is the Giorgio Catalucci bird sculptures"

Tiếp tục nghe nó ở "... they're just across the bridge on the north side of Lower Lake. I love the way they're scattered around in the long grass beside the lake, ... "

=> Những bức điêu khắc ở phía bên kia cầu, nằm rải rác trên bãi cỏ bên cạnh hồ => Đáp án là C



Xem full giải thích
19
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng là Garden Gallery

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "You could also go to the Garden Gallery"

Tiếp theo nghe thấy "It's on this side of the Upper Lake - from the Visitor Centre you go to the Education Center, then keep on along the path and you'll see it on your right"

=> Nó ở bên phía này của Upper Lake, đi đến Education Centre và tiếp tục đi thẳng sẽ thấy Garden Gallery bên tay phải => Đáp án đúng là F



Xem full giải thích
20
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng là Long House

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "We also have the Long House"

Tiếp theo nghe thấy "From here, you go to the bridge and then turn left on the other side. Soon you'll see a winding pathway going up towards the northern boundary of the park - go up there and you'll find it at the top."

=> Từ đây (Visitor Center), qua cầu rẽ trái, đi vào con đường ngoằn nghoèo hướng tới phía bắc công viên, Long House ở cuối đường => Đáp án đúng là A



Xem full giải thích

Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 26
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
Why did Leo choose instant coffee as the topic for his marketing report?
A
He found plenty of material on the topic.
B
He had some practical experience in the area.
C
He had an idea of a brand he wanted to target.
22
Leo discovered that in Australia, recent technological developments
A
are producing less healthy types of instant coffee.
B
are reducing the demand for instant coffee.
C
are improving the quality of instant coffee.
23
What do the speakers agree about Leo’s table of coffee products?
A
It needs more explanation in the text.
B
It is factually inaccurate in some places.
C
It would be best to put this in the appendix.
24
What do they decide about the description of Shaffers coffee as a market follower?
A
Leo needs to define his teams.
B
Leo needs to provide more evidence.
C
Leo needs to put it in a different section.
25
What does Anna say about originality in someone’s first marketing report?
A
Clear analysis of data can be considered original.
B
Graphs and diagrams should be original, not copied.
C
Reports should contain some original data collected by the student.
26
What difference between his school assignments and this report has surprised Leo?
A
not knowing the criteria for getting a good mark
B
being required to produce work without assistance
C
having to do a great deal of research
Question 27 - 30
Complete the notes below. Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Notes on specific sections of marketing report
Executive summary
  • Give a brief overview including the

    27
    

Problems
  • Link each problem to a

    28
    which explains it

Implementation
  • Practical solutions to problems

  • Include details such as participants,

    29
    and sequence

  • Section is often poorly done because of lack of

    30
    

Conclusion
  • Don’t use new material here

❓ Tapescript section 3

Marketing Report
00:00
Leo:
Anna, I wanted to ask you about my marketing report. I’m not sure about it …
Anna:
That’s OK, Leo. So what do you have to do?
Leo:
Choose a product or service then compare two organisations that produce it. I’m doing instant coffee.
Anna:
But haven’t you got a weekend job in a clothing store? Why didn’t you choose clothing?
Leo:
That was my first thought, because I thought it’d give me some practical examples, but when I searched for men’s clothing on the Internet there were hardly any articles. So then I looked for coffee and I found there were tons.
Anna:
Yeah, there are so many brands on the market now. OK, so how much have you actually written?
Leo:
I've done part one, on economic and technological factors. I found some good data on technological changes, how in Australia fewer people are buying instant coffee because of cheap coffee percolators that they can use to make real coffee at home.
Anna:
But there's also a movement away from drinking coffee...
Leo:
... switching to things like herbal teas instead because they think it's healthier? But that's not really to do with technology, it's more cultural. Anyway, for part two I'm comparing two instant coffee companies, CoffeeNow and Shaffers, and I've made this table of products.
Anna:
Right. Let's see ... so you've got the brand names, and prices and selling size, and descriptions. OK, the table looks good, you'll get marks for research there. Where will it go?
Leo:
In the section on the marketing mix, under Product'.
Anna:
Not in the appendix?
Leo:
No.
Anna:
OK, but it's too factual on its own, you need to add some comment in that section about the implications of the figures.
Leo:
Right. I'll do that. Now I want to say that I think that Shaffers is more of a follower than a leader in the coffee industry. Now, I'm putting that in the section on market share. Does that seem OK?
Anna:
Let's see ... so you've begun by explaining what market share is, that's important, but you've got to be careful how you give that opinion.
Leo:
Do you think it should go in another section?
Anna:
Well, it's fine where it is but you've got to back it up with some data or they'll say your report lacks weight.
Leo:
OK. One thing I'm worried about is finding anything original to say.
Anna:
Well, since this is your first marketing report, you're not expected to go out and do interviews and things to collect your own data, you're just using published data. So the analysis you do might not throw up anything that people didn't know before.
Anna:
But the focus is more on how you handle the data - I mean, you might take something like a graph of sales directly from a website, but what makes your work original is the perspective you provide by your interpretation of it.
Leo:
Oh. You know, it's all so different from business studies assignments at school. It's really surprised me.
Anna:
What, how much research you have to do?
Leo:
I expected that. It's more ... I knew exactly what I had to do to get a good grade at school - and I knew I'd be expected to go more deeply into things here, but I haven't got information on how the lecturer is going to grade my work - what he's looking for.
Anna:
Well, one thing you have to remember is that in a marketing report you've got to have what they call an executive summary at the beginning. I forgot that and I got marked down.
Leo:
Yeah, I've drafted it. I've got an overview.
Anna:
Have you got something about the background there?
Leo:
Yeah.
Anna:
Good
Leo:
So I've just made a summary of the main points. I wasn't sure whether or not I should have my aims there.
Anna:
No, that's too personal. The executive summary is just, like, what a manager would read to get a general idea of your report if he was in a hurry.
Leo:
Right. Then I'm OK for the first main part, all of the macroenvironment stuff, but it's when I get onto the problems section ... I've listed all the problems that CoffeeNow and Shaffers are facing, but then what?
Anna:
Well you have to prioritise, so indicate the main problems, and then you analyse each one by connecting it with a theory... that's where your reading comes in.
Leo:
OK
Anna:
Have you done your implementation section yet?
Leo:
I've thought about it - so that's where I write about what could be done about the problems.
Anna:
Yes, and it's got to be practical so don't forget to specify things like who would be involved, and the cost, and the order that things would be done in.
Leo:
Right. Well that shouldn't take long.
Anna:
You'd be surprised. Actually that's the bit that tends to get badly done because people run out of time. That and the conclusion...
Leo:
Any hints for that?
Anna:
Well, it's got to draw out the main points from your report, so it's got to be quite general. You need to avoid introducing new stuff here, it's got to sum up what you've said earlier.
Leo:
OK. Thanks Anna. That's been a big help.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem tại sao Leo chọn instant coffee làm topic cho bài report của anh ấy

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "I’m doing instant coffee."

Sau đó Anna có hỏi tại sao không chọn clothing Leo trả lời rằng đó là "first thought"- "but when I searched for men’s clothing on the Internet there were hardly any articles."

=> Khó tìm được bài viết nào

Leo nói tiếp "then I looked for coffee and I found there were tons."

=> Tìm coffee và ra rất nhiều tư liệu bài báo (tons=plenty) => Đáp án đúng là A



Xem full giải thích
22
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Leo phát hiện điều gì về những phát triển kỹ thuật ở Úc

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "found some good data on technological changes,"

Tiếp theo nghe thấy Leo nói "...in Australia fewer people are buying instant coffee because of cheap coffee percolators that they can use to make real coffee at home."

=> It người Úc mua instant coffee vì họ có thể tự làm real coffee tại nhà => Nhu cầu mua instant coffee giảm => Đáp án đúng là B



Xem full giải thích
23
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem cả hai đồng ý về điều gì ở Leo's table

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "OK, the table looks good, you'll get marks for research there"

Anna hỏi table này Leo không đặt ở Appendix hả Leo bảo "No"

=> Loại đáp án C



Sau đó mình lại nghe tiếp "but it's too factual on its own, you need to add some comment in that section about the implications of the figures."

Xem full giải thích
24
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng của câu là Shaffers

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "I think that Shaffers is more of a follower than a leader in the coffee industry. "

Leo hỏi có nên đặt phần về Shaffers ở section khác "Do you think it should go in another section?" Và Anna nói " it's fine where it is"

=> Để ở đó là ổn rồi => Loại đáp án C



Anna nói " but you've got to back it up with some data or they'll say your report lacks weight."

Xem full giải thích
25
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem Anna nói gì về originality trong bài báo cáo của một ai đó

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "One thing I'm worried about is finding anything original to say."

Đầu tiên Anna nói trong bài report đầu tiên " you're not expected to go out and do interviews and things to collect your own data, you're just using published data"

=> Không cần tự thu thập data mà dùng cái đã published sẵn => Loại đáp án C



Tiếp theo Anna nói "You might take something like a graph of sales directly from a website"

Xem full giải thích
26
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái difference gì đã làm Leo ngạc nhiên

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "it's all so different from business studies assignments at school. It's really surprised me."



Leo nói " I knew I'd be expected to go more deeply into things here''

=> Leo biết phải nghiên cứu sâu hơn (không phải là điều surprised anh ta) => Loại đáp án C



Sau đó nói "but I haven't got information on how the lecturer is going to grade my work"

Xem full giải thích
27
Background
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là thứ được include trong brief overview (Give a brief overview including the ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "I've got an overview"

Anna hỏi "Have you got something about the background there?"

=> Anna hỏi Leo có viết về background trong overview chưa (include background) => Đáp án đúng là background



Xem full giải thích
28
Theory
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem phải nối mỗi vấn đề với một cái gì (Link each problem to a .... that explains it)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "I've listed all the problems that CoffeeNow and Shaffers are facing,"

Anna nói "....then you analyse each one by connecting it with a theory..."

=> Phân tích từng problem (=each problem) bằng cách connect (=link) nó với một cái theory => Đáp án là theory



Xem full giải thích
29
cost(s)
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cần thêm chi tiết gì vào (Include details such as participants, ...., and sequence)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "Have you done your implementation section yet?"

Anna nói " don't forget to specify things like who would be involved, and the cost, and the order that things would be done in."

=> Chỉ ra các details: who would be involved (= participants), cost, order (=sequence) => Đáp án là cost



Xem full giải thích
30
Time
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem phần này thường không tốt vì bị thiếu thứ gì
Anna nói "Actually that's the bit that tends to get badly done because people run out of time"

=> Thường làm kém vì hết giờ (thiếu thời gian) => Đáp án đúng là time



Xem full giải thích

Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
History of Fireworks in Europ
13th-16th centuries
  • Fireworks were introduced from China.

  • Their use was mainly to do with:

    • war

    • 

      31
      (in plays and festivals)

17th centuries
  • Various features of

    32
    were shown in fireworks displays.

  • Scientists were interested in using ideas from fireworks displays:

    • to make human

      33
      possible

    • to show the formation of

      34
      

  • London:

    • Scientists were distrustful at first

    • Later, they investigated

      35
      uses of fireworks (e.g. for sailors)

  • St Petersburg:

    • Fireworks were seen as a method of

      36
      for people.

  • Paris: 

    • Displays emphasised the power of the

      37
      

    • Scientists aimed to provide

      38
      

18th century
  • Italian fireworks specialists became influential.

  • Servadoni’s fireworks display followed the same pattern as an

    39
    .

  • The appeal of fireworks extended to the middle classes.

  • Some displays demonstrated new scientific discoveries such as

    40
    .

❓ Tapescript section 4

History Of Fireworks In Europe
00:00
An interesting aspect of fireworks is that their history tells us a lot about the changing roles of scientists and technicians in Europe. Fireworks were introduced from China in the 13th century.
Up to the 16th century they were generally used for military purposes, with rockets and fire tubes being thrown at the enemy, but they were also sometimes a feature of plays and festivals where their chief purpose was related to religion.
By the 17th century, the rulers of Europe had started using fireworks as a way of marking royal occasions. Technicians were employed to stage spectacular shows which displayed aspects of nature with representations of the sun, snow and rain.
These shows were designed for the enjoyment of the nobility and to impress ordinary people. But fireworks also aroused the interest of scientists, who started to think of new uses for them.
After seeing one firework display where a model of a dragon was propelled along a rope by rockets, scientists thought that in a similar way, humans might be able to achieve flight - a dream of many scientists at the time.
Other scientists, such as the chemist Robert Boyle, noticed how in displays one firework might actually light another, and it occurred to him that fireworks might provide an effective way of demonstrating how stars were formed.
Scientists at the time often depended on the royal courts for patronage, but there was considerable variation in the relationships between the courts and scientists in different countries.
This was reflected in attitudes towards fireworks and the purposes for which they were used. In London in the middle of the 17th century there was general distrust of fireworks among scientists.
However, later in the century scientists and technicians started to look at the practical purposes for which fireworks might be employed, such as using rockets to help sailors establish their position at sea.
It was a different story in Russia, where the St Petersburg Academy of Science played a key role in creating fireworks displays for the court.
Here, those in power regarded fireworks as being an important element in the education of the masses, and the displays often included a scientific message.
Members of the Academy hoped that this might encourage the Royal Family to keep the Academy open at a time when many in the government were considering closing it. In Paris, the situation was different again.
The Paris Academy of Sciences played no role in staging fireworks displays. Instead the task fell to members of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. As in Russia, the work of the technicians who created the fireworks was given little attention.
Instead, the fireworks and the spectacle they created were all designed to encourage the public to believe in the supreme authority of the king. However, science was also enormously popular among the French nobility, and fashionable society flocked to demonstrations such as Nicolas Lemery's display representing an erupting volcano.
The purpose of scientists was basically to offer entertainment to fashionable society, and academicians delighted in amazing audiences with demonstrations of the universal laws of nature.
In the course of the 18th century, the circulation of skills and technical exchange led to further developments. Fireworks specialists from Italy began to travel around Europe staging displays for many of the European courts.
The architect and stage designer Giovanni Servandoni composed grand displays in Paris, featuring colourfully painted temples and triumphal arches.
A fireworks display staged by Servandoni would be structured in the same way as an opera, and was even divided into separate acts. Italian fireworks specialists were also invited to perform in London, St Petersburg and Moscow.
As these specialists circulated around Europe, they sought to exploit the appeal of fireworks for a wider audience, including the growing middle classes.
As in the previous century, fireworks provided resources for demonstrating scientific laws and theories, as well as new discoveries, and displays now showed a fascinated public the curious phenomenon of electricity.
By the mid-18th century, fireworks were being sold for private consumption.
So the history of fireworks shows us the diverse relationships which existed between scientists, technicians and the rest of society...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
religion(s)
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem fireworks thường được sử dụng cho việc gì ngoài mục đích chiến tranh ((.... in plays and festivals))

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Up to the 16th century they were generally used for military purposes," (military = wars)

Nghe thấy ".... but they were also sometimes a feature of plays and festivals where their chief purpose was related to religion. "

=> Đặc điểm của plays and festivals, mục đích chính liên quan đến religion => Đáp án là religion



Xem full giải thích
32
Nature
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem những feature của điều gì được shown trong các buổi trình diễn pháo hoa (Various features of .... were shown in fireworks displays)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "By the 17th century"

Đầu tiên speaker nói các rulers bắt đầu dùng pháo hoa trong các royal occasions.



Tiếp theo nói "Technicians were employed to stage spectacular shows which displayed aspects of nature with representations of the sun, snow and rain. "

=> Thuê technician để tạo show thể hiện những khía cạnh của nature với sự tượng trưng của sun, snow and rain, => Đáp án đúng là nature



Xem full giải thích
33
Flight
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ứng dụng của fireworks cho phép điều gì của con người xảy ra (to make human ... possible)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "But fireworks also aroused the interest of scientists"

Mình nghe được là "After seeing one firework display [...], scientists thought that in a similar way, humans might be able to achieve flight "

=> Sau khi xem một buổi trình diễn pháo hoa, các nhà khoa học nghĩ con người có thể dùng pháo hoa để bay => Đáp án đúng là flight



Xem full giải thích
34
Stars
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem firework góp phần vào sự hình thành của điều gì (to show the formation of .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Other scientists, such as the chemist Robert Boyle,">> (chuyển ý sang nhà khoa học khác)

Tiếp theo Robert Boyle nghĩ rằng " ....fireworks might provide an effective way of demonstrating how stars were formed. "

=> Fireworks có thể được sử dụng để cho thấy cách các ngôi sao được hình thành => Đáp án đúng là stars



Xem full giải thích
35
Practical
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là đặc điểm của công dụng của pháo hoa (Later, they investigated ... uses of fireworks (e.g. for sailors))

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "In London in the middle of the 17th century there was general distrust of fireworks among scientists."

Tiếp theo nghe được " later in the century scientists and technicians started to look at the practical purposes for which fireworks might be employed"

=> Sau đó họ look at practical purposes của pháo hoa (look at =investigate) (purposes = uses) => Đáp án đúng là practical



Xem full giải thích
36
Education
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ở St Petersburg pháo hoa được dùng cho mục đích gì (Fireworks were seen as a method of ... for people)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "where the St Petersburg Academy of Science played a key role in creating fireworks displays for the court."

Tiếp theo nghe "Here, those in power regarded fireworks as being an important element in the education of the masses, and the displays often included a scientific message."

=> Pháo hoa được coi là nhân tố quan trọng trong việc giáo dục của mọi người (masses = people) => Đáp án đúng là education

Xem full giải thích
37
King
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ở Paris, fireworks dùng để nhấn mạnh power của điều gì =>Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "In Paris, the situation was different again"
Mình nghe được là "Instead, the fireworks and the spectacle they created were all designed to encourage the public to believe in the supreme authority of the king. "

=> Pháo hoa được dùng để khuyến khích người dân tin vào quyền lực tối cao của đức vua. (supreme authority=power) => Đáp án cần điền là king



Xem full giải thích
38
Entertainment
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem thứ gì mà các nhà khoa học muốn provide (Scientists aimed to provide...)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "However, science was also enormously popular among the French nobility" (đề cập tới khoa học)

Nghe tiếp có "The purpose of scientists was basically to offer entertainment to fashionable society"

=> Mục đích là mua vui cho các fashionable society (purpose=aim, offer=provide) => Đáp án đúng là entertainment



Xem full giải thích
39
Opera
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem màn bắn pháo hoa ở Servadoni có pattern tương tự với điều gì

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "The architect and stage designer Giovanni Servandoni composed grand displays in Paris"

Tiếp tục nghe được "A fireworks display staged by Servandoni would be structured in the same way as an opera"

=> Fireworks display được dựng bởi Servandoni được sẽ được dựng lên theo cách của một buổi opera (way=pattern) => Đáp án là opera



Xem full giải thích
40
Electricity
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một ví dụ của scientific discoveries (Some displays demonstrated new scientific discoveries such as ...)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "....fireworks provided resources for demonstrating scientific laws and theories, as well as new discoveries "

Tiếp theo nghe "....and displays now showed a fascinated public the curious phenomenon of electricity."

=> Các màn trình diễn giờ thể hiện sự phenomenon of electricity (shown = demonstrated, phenomenon =discovery) => Đáp án đúng là electricity



Xem full giải thích

Download PDF

Bạn có thể tải bản đẹp của đề và đáp án OCG - Listening Test 7 tại đây