Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 5 - Listening Test 5 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test IELTS Actual Test 5 - Listening Test 5 được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 5 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 5 - Listening Test 5 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the form below.
Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Fruit Picking Application
Example
Surname of the applicant: Sophie Harries

Current address:
1
Hostel, Sydney
Contact phone number: 0452 832721
Age:
2

Preferred working location: near the
3

Available to work in
4

Preferred to be paid by
5

Type of fruit to pick up:
6

Health condition: used to have a problem with
7

Has medical
8

Doesn’t have a license for
9

Accommodation arranged in a close
10


❓ Tapescript section 1

Fruit Picking
00:00
Man:
Nature Farm Speaking. How can I help you?
Woman:
Hi, morning! I'd like to get some information about the part-time job of fruit picking on the advertisement. I was wondering if you still need some extra hands?
Man:
Yes, I do. May I take some of your information first? What's your name?
Woman:
Sophie Harries, that's H-A-double R-I-E-S.
Man:
Nice to talk with you, Sophie, and where are you currently staying?
Woman:
Well, I am native in London, but now I am staying in Central Hostel, Sydney
Man:
Uh okay, may I have your contact number? I can see from the website your number is 0452 832727. Right?
Woman:
Oh, sorry, the last digit should be one, not seven.
Man:
Got that, and now, you know we only recruit part-time employees over 18, so could I have your age, please?
Woman:
I am 18, but I will have my 19th birthday at the end of this month, so you can put 19.
Man:
Cool. Happy birthday, Sophie! Well, let's move on to the real business. We now have two working sites. One is a fruit farm in North Queensland and the other one is near the coast. Which do you prefer?
Woman:
Uh, Hmm... I think it would be better if I can spend some time on the beach after work, so I guess the second place sounds best to me.
Man:
No problem, Sophie. When do you think it is ready to join us?
Woman:
It's July now, and I'd like to do some travelling around here. What about August?
Man:
Yes, August is the busiest month for us. We are always short of hands.
Woman:
And could you please tell me how I will get paid?
Man:
We can pay you by every basket of fruits or by the hour. It's up to you.
Woman:
You know, I haven't done fruit picking before. So I guess pay by the hour suits me better
Man:
Ok, I've got that. And there are now three types of fruits: bananas, mangoes and avocados. Which fruit would you like to pick?
Woman:
I prefer mangoes. I think it will be easier for me.
Man:
Cool, I am sure you will enjoy that.
Man:
OK, now I'd like to ask you a few more questions about yourself. Do you have any medical problems, like high blood pressure, heart disease, or anything like that?
Woman:
Actually I just had a medical check-up recently, and everything seemed fine. Well, I hurt my back when I played badminton with my roommate last year, but it's okay now.
Man:
Aha, great. And all of our workers are required to have medical insurance in case people hurt themselves while working, like falling down a ladder. Have you got one now?
Man:
Uh ha, yet you still need to take much care. By the way, do you have a driver's license? You know, the fruit farm is huge. Sometimes you will need to drive a car.
Woman:
Yes, I got my driver's license last year. But I am afraid I don't have a license for driving large trucks.
Man:
No worries, you are not responsible for delivering the picked to the supermarkets. There have been some drivers doing that work. And lastly, one more question, where would you like to live?
Woman:
Any options for me?
Man:
Well, two choices. You can either stay in a cottage on the farm or we can arrange accommodation in a town nearby
Woman:
I don't think I'd like to stay at the workplace all day long. I think the second one is better for me.
Man:
Ok, let's do that. Looking forward to seeing you soon.
Woman:
Many thanks. See you then.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
central
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết về địa chỉ hiện tại của người phụ nữ

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' and where are you currently staying?'' (hỏi về nơi ở)

Đáp án là tên riêng của nhà nghỉ.

Theo Sophie, ''but now I am staying in Central Hostel, Sydney.''

=> Cô ấy đang sống ở Central Hostel (với những tên đơn giản thì người nói sẽ không đánh vần) => Đáp án: central



Xem full giải thích
2
19
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo là về tuổi của cô

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''so could I have your age, please?''

Cô ấy nói là ''I am 18, but I will have my 19th birthday at the end of this month, so you can put 19.''

=> Bạn lưu ý 18 là thông tin đánh lạc hướng, mình sẽ cần điền 19 do sinh nhật tuổi 19 của cô ấy sắp tới (cuối tháng) => Đáp án: 19



Xem full giải thích
3
coast
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là địa điểm làm việc ưa thích mà gần một nơi nào đó

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''We now have two working sites.''

Đầu tiên người đàn ông đưa ra hai vị trí, một là ''a fruit farm in North Queensland'' và hai là ''near the coast'' (dựa vào đề bài mình có thể đoán được cô ấy sẽ chọn đáp án thứ hai)

Và cô ấy chọn địa điểm thứ hai, ''so I guess the second place sounds best to me.''

=> Cô ấy muốn làm việc gần bờ biển. => Đáp án: coast



Xem full giải thích
4
August
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe khi nào cô ấy sẵn sàng làm việc

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''When do you think it is ready to join us?''

Đầu tiên, ''It's July now, and I'd like to do some travelling around here. What about August?''

=> Tháng hiện tại là July (tháng 7) và cô ấy muốn bắt đầu làm việc vào August (tháng 8) và người đàn ông đồng ý. => Đáp án: August



Xem full giải thích
5
hour
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết cô ấy muốn trả lương như thế nào

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And could you please tell me how I will get paid?''

Người đàn ông đưa ra hai cách, ''We can pay you by every basket of fruits or by the hour. It's up to you.''

=> Mình có thể tính lương theo số lượng giỏ mình nhặt được hoặc theo giờ.



Xem full giải thích
6
mango/mangoes
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo là loại quả mà cô ấy muốn nhặt

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And there are now three types of fruits: ...''

Có ba loại quả để Sophie chọn là bananas, mangoesavocados (quả bơ)

Sophie chọn quả xoài, ''I prefer mangoes. I think it will be easier for me.''

=> Đáp án: mango/mangoes



Xem full giải thích
7
back
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cô ấy trước đây có vấn đề sức khỏe gì (used to have a problem with ___ )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Do you have any medical problems''

Theo Sophie, ''Well, I hurt my back when I played badminton with my roommate last year, but it's okay now.''

=> Cô ấy từng bị đau lưng => Đáp án: back

Xem full giải thích
8
insurance
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Ở câu này mình cần biết một cái gì đó liên quan tới y tế. (has medical ___ )

Mình nghe được là ''And all of our workers are required to have medical insurance [...] . Have you got one now?''

Sophie trả lời ''Yes''

=> Sophie đã có medical insurance rồi => Đáp án: insurance

Xem full giải thích
9
truck/trucks
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Sophia không có giấy phép gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''By the way, do you have a driver's license?''

Sophie trả lời ''Yes, I got my driver's license last year.''

=> Loại driving



Tuy nhiên, ''But I am afraid I don't have a license for driving large trucks.''

=> Cô ấy chỉ có giấy phép lái xe ô tô, còn với xe tải thì không. => Đáp án: trucks



Xem full giải thích
10
town
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Cuối cùng là về nơi ở

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And lastly, one more question, where would you like to live?''

Người đàn ông đưa ra hai lựa chọn, "You can either stay in a cottage on the farm or we can arrange accommodation in a town nearby"

=> Một là sống ngay trong trang trại và hai là sống ở một thị trấn gần đó

Và cô ấy nói ''I think the second one is better for me.''

=> Đáp án: town



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 16
Label the map below.
Write the correct letter, A-L.
AT5_L5_S2_Grace’s Creek Activity Camp_NoOpt.png
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
Bus stop
11
Student dormitory
12
Basketball court
13
Staff houses
14
Climbing Wall
15
Picnic Shelter
16
Question 17 - 20
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
17
One building has not been decided yet, but will probably be
A
a sport facility
B
a cafeteria
C
a conference facility
18
The upkeep of the facility will be mainly funded by
A
fees from training companies
B
the local council
C
visits by school groups
19
One disadvantage of this location is
A
the nearest shops are too far away
B
the site is difficult to get to by public transport
C
One disadvantage of this location is
20
The designers of the facility had to take into account
A
the views of local businesses
B
a shortage of funding for the construction
C
some building which were already here

❓ Tapescript section 2

Grace's Creek Activity Camp
00:00
Well, good evening everyone, and thanks for coming tonight. As you all know, I've been asked to report to local School Committees in the new Grace's Creek Activity Camp, which is in the final stages of construction as we speak.
So, let's first of all have a look at a sketch of the overall layout. I'll point out the major features and show you a few slides of the facilities as we go. Remember that some of them are a work in progress.
Well, as you see, the site is roughly rectangular, and... emm... it's bordered on the South by Grace's Creek.
This is a narrow and fairly slow-moving stream that's been cleaned up a lot in recent years, actually. Now, if you approach from the South, you cross Grace's Creek and turn right into the camp.
So, coming from the north, you'll see a bus stop just before you get to the camp itself. From the main gate, the driveway turns immediately left around the edge of the camp and while you're on the driveway, if you look right, down to the opposite end of the space across the lake, you can see the student dormitory, the largest building on the site.
Emm... You'll see that there's a shared jogging and walking track which runs next to the driveway and in fact runs all around the perimeter of the camp, next to the wall.
Now, going back to the driveway, just before the drive turns right, there are a couple of tennis courts, but they're not quite ready for use yet. And in the corner there, opposite the tennis courts, is the basketball court.
It seems to be more popular with the kids than tennis these days.OK, so the path turns left into that large rectangular space, which is the car park obviously, with space for about 80 cars and up to 5 coaches.
So, coming back out of the car park, you can turn left onto the jogging track, to walk around to the student dormitory. And as you go, you pass a couple of small chalets on the right, which are the permanent staff houses.
While we're on the topic of accommodation, there is also a guest hostel, in the centre of the south side. That's directly overlooking the lake, and it's for business groups. The climbing wall is just to the left of it.
The lake, by the way, is arterial, but it is just deep enough for kayak training and even windsurfing or paddle boarding. That small building on the edge of the lake is the boat house, for the storage of all the water sports equipment.
Now, the stream can also be used for kayaking, and there's a small gate in the south wall leading out to it. It's a great spot for picnics, too, so there's a picnic shelter just there.
Emm... there are a few facilities which were in the original plans, but haven't so far made it into the final design phase. We do have one building next to the dormitory, which we're a bit unsure how to proceed with.
The favourite suggestion is a gym and pool, though frankly that's a bit optimistic, given the cost of those facilities. The most likely outcome will be some kind of food outlet, because that could contribute towards the overall running, costs, with another option being a conference room.
The facility will, of course, be partly funded by visits from the general public during school terms, and we've already had some interest from companies who could use it for corporate events and retreats.
That will contribute a lot to the upkeep and development because council funding won't cover everything, though it does cover the bulk of the ongoing expenses.
Well, the site might seem a little far from most of the schools in the Council area, but I should just mention that one of the attractions of this location was the easy road access and proximity to transports hubs.
But not only that, the nearby Parkdale forest has some excellent walking tracks and mountain biking trails. If there's a drawback, I'd say it's the lack of grocery stores within walking distance.
It's going to be a great addition to the facilities available to everyone in the area, and it's the end result of a long consultation process with schools and the public.
Now, we haven't been able to do everything that we're wanted, not particularly because of budget constraints, but more because of the extent to which we were limited by the existing structures from previous commercial use, but we have listened to both the parents and the students who are going to use the facility.
Now, I'm sure you'll have a lot of questions, so let's take a short break, and when we come back we can open up the meeting for discussion.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
L
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng đầu tiên là bus stop.



Theo người nói, ''So, coming from the north, you'll see a bus stop just before you get to the camp itself.''

=> Nếu mình đi từ hướng bắc (trên xuống) thì mình sẽ thấy bus stop trước khi tới cổng vào. => Đáp án là L



Xem full giải thích
12
I
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là student dormitory

Đầu tiên mình nghe là ''From the main gate, the driveway turns immediately left around the edge of the camp''

=> Từ cổng chính, driveway đi về bên trái vòng qua rìa khu cắm trại (hướng tới F)

Sau đó nghe được là ''..and while you're on the driveway, if you look right, down to the opposite end of the space across the lake, you can see the student dormitory, the largest building on the site.''

=> Khi mình còn ở trên driveway, mình cần nhìn sang tay phải ở phía đầu kia đối diện lake student dormintory là tòa nhà lớn nhất. => Đáp án là I

Xem full giải thích
13
K
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng tiếp theo là basketball court



Đầu tiên mình nghe là ''Now, going back to the driveway, just before the drive turns right, there are a couple of tennis courts''

=> Mình quay trở về driveway ngay từ chỗ gate, ngay trước khi driveway rẽ phải mình sẽ gặp 2 tennis court, tức tennis courts nằm ở vị trí D.

Sau đó nghe tiếp thấy , ''And in the corner there, opposite the tennis courts, is the basketball court.''

=> Trong góc đối diện tennis court là basketball court => Baseball court nằm ở K



Xem full giải thích
14
J
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng tiếp theo là staff houses



Đầu tiên mình nghe thấy, ''OK, so the path turns left into that large rectangular space, which is the car park obviously, ...''

=> Con đường dẫn vào khu vực lớn hình chũ nhật, là car park => Car park nằm ở vị trí F => Loại đáp án F



Sau đó, theo chỉ dẫn của người nói, ''So, coming back out of the car park, you can turn left onto the jogging track, to walk around to the student dormitory. And as you go, you pass a couple of small chalets on the right, which are the permanent staff houses''

=> Khi đi ra khỏi car park, mình sẽ rẽ trái vào jogging track và ngay bên phải mình sẽ có 2 căn nhà, đó là staff houses. => Đáp án là J



Xem full giải thích
15
H
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng tiếp theo là Climbing Wall



Mình nghe thấy ''there is also a guest hostel, in the centre of the south side.''

=> Guest hostel nằm ở vị trí trung tâm ở phía Nam, tức vị trí C => Loại đáp án C



Và vị trí của climbing wall là ''The climbing wall is just to the left of it.''

=> Climbing wall nằm ngay bên trái vị trí C, tức là ở vị trí H => Đáp án là H



Xem full giải thích
16
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau đó mình nghe ''That small building on the edge of the lake is the boat house, ...''

=> Tòa nhà nhỏ bên mép hồ là boat house => Boat house nằm ở vị trí B => Loại đáp án B



Tiếp đến nghe thấy ''Now, the stream can also be used for kayaking, and there's a small gate in the south wall leading out to it.'' và tại đây có Picnic Shelter, ''It's a great spot for picnics, too, so there's a picnic shelter just there.''

=> Ở bức tường phía nam đi ra sẽ là con suối, và ở đó cũng có Picnic Shelter => Picnic Shelter nằm ở vị trí E => Đáp án là E



Xem full giải thích
17
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về một tòa nhà mà có thể được xây

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''We do have one building next to the dormitory, which we're a bit unsure how to proceed with.''

Đầu tiên người nói nhắc về gym and pool nhưng ''though frankly that's a bit optimistic, given the cost of those facilities.''

=> Do chi phí cao nên phương án này khó có thể được thực hiện => Loại đáp án A



Sau đó nghe thấy ''The most likely outcome will be some kind of food outlet''

Xem full giải thích
18
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần biết việc bảo dưỡng cơ sở vật chất sẽ được fund chủ yếu từ nguồn nào



Nghe thấy ''The facility will, of course, be partly funded by visits from the general public during school terms, ... from companies who could use it for corporate events and retreats''

=> Cơ sở vật chất sẽ được tài trợ phần nào bởi các chuyến tham quan của cộng đồng các công ty





Tuy nhiên, ''That will contribute a lot to the upkeep and development because council funding won't cover everything, though it does cover the bulk of the ongoing expenses.''

Xem full giải thích
19
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về bất lợi của vị trí này

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Well, the site might seem a little far from most of the schools in the Council area ...'' (đề cập tới vị trí)





Tuy nhiên, một điểm mạnh của vị trí này là, '' ... one of the attractions of this location was the easy road access and proximity to transports hubs.''

=> Vị trí này có đường xá đi lại tốtphương tiện vận chuyển công cộng => Loại đáp án B



Xem full giải thích
20
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Cuối cùng, mình cần biết người thiết kế phải xét tới điều gì khi xây

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Now, we haven't been able to do everything that we're wanted'' (đề cập tới hạn chế -> cho lý do)

Mình nghe được là ''not particularly because of budget constraints''

=> Ngân sách không phải là vấn đề => Loại đáp án B



Sau đó, ''but more because of the extent to which we were limited by the existing structures from previous commercial use''

Xem full giải thích

Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 24
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
What does Howard say about the experience of writing his dissertation?
A
It was difficult in unexpected ways
B
It was more enjoyable than he’d anticipated
C
It helped him understand previous course work
22
What is Joanne most worried about?
A
finding enough material
B
missing deadlines
C
writing too much
23
What does Howard say was his main concern a year before?
A
forgetting what he’d read about
B
not understanding what he’d read
C
taking such a long time to read each book
24
What encouraged Howard to begin writing his dissertation?
A
talking to his tutor about his problems
B
seeing an inspirational TV show
C
reading a controversial journal article
Question 25 - 30
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
What TWO things does Howard suggest Joanne to do in the first month of tutorials?
A
see her tutor every week
B
review all the module book lists
C
buy all the key books
D
take down references for what she reads
E
write a draft of the first chapter
What TWO things does Howard say about library provision?
A
Staff are particularly helpful to undergraduate
B
Inter-library loans are very reliable
C
Students can borrow extra books when writing a dissertation
D
Staff recommend relevant old dissertations
E
It’s difficult to access electronic resources
What TWO things does Joanne agree to discuss with her tutor?
A
the best ways to collaborate with other students
B
who to get help from during college vacations
C
the best way to present the research
D
whether she can use web sources
E
how to manage her study time

❓ Tapescript section 3

Geography Dissertation
00:00
Joanne:
Hi, Howard. Haven't seen you for a while.
Howard:
Hi Joanne. Yeah, they are keeping us really busy on the postgraduate program, but how are you? You'll be starting your dissertation soon, aren't you?
Joanne:
Yeah, tutorials start next week. I've got Dr. Peterson. You'll remember still from last year, of course.
Howard:
It's not something you forget easily. But seriously, although I didn't expect to enjoy writing my dissertation, and in fact, I didn't really find it much fun, I wouldn't miss the experience.
Howard:
I found it really improved my understanding of the whole degree program, you know, from the first year on.
Joanne:
Right.
Howard:
So what are you doing yours on?
Joanne:
Glaciated landscapes. Although I haven't decided exactly what aspect yet.
Howard:
I did mine on climate systems, so I can't help you much, I'm afraid. But you'll be fine once you start your tutorials. Dr. Peterson will help you focus.
Joanne:
I know, and he'll set me deadlines for the different stages, which is what I need. My concern is that I've got tons of material on the topic, and I won't be able to stick to the word limit, you know?
Howard:
I remember I had different concerns when I was doing my dissertation.
Joanne:
Last year?
Howard:
Yeah, before my first trial, I did a lot of fairly general reading because I haven't fixed on my topic at that stage. I actually enjoyed that quite a lot, and you know, it improved my reading speed.
Howard:
I had gotten through a lot of material, but I was frightened I wouldn't remember it all, so I got into the habit of making very detailed notes.
Joanne:
So, did you find your tutor helpful in getting you started?
Howard:
Yeah, we certainly had some interesting discussions. But it's funny I saw a brilliant program about climate change, and it was that that fired me up. It was talking about some recent research which seemed to contradict some of the articles I've been reading.
Howard:
So you see your tutorials start next week
Joanne:
Yeah.
Howard:
Well, the first month was crucial. You've got to meet your tutor and decide your focus, but don't become too dependent on him. You know you don't see him every week, only when you want to check something
Joanne:
Right.
Howard:
Once you got the focus, you've got to get reading. It's helpful to look through the bibliographies for all the course modules relating to your topic and get hold of any books you think you'll need.
Joanne:
I haven't got much money.
Howard:
I mean get the books from the library, far better.
Joanne:
And I suppose I should prepare a detailed outline of the chapters.
Howard:
Yeah, absolutely. But don't feel you have to follow it slavishly. It's meant to be flexible.
Joanne:
Okay. Now I'm someone who likes to get writing quickly. I can't just sit and read for a month.
Howard:
Not like me then. But if that's what suits you, you know, your natural approach, then you want to start immediately and write the first chapter.
Joanne:
Right.
Howard:
Now, Joanne. About the library, it's not worthwhile getting on good terms with the staff; they aren't always helpful with undergraduates.
Joanne:
I suppose they focus on post-grads more.
Howard:
Maybe. But show them you are serious about wanting to do good work.
Joanne:
And what if I can't find what I need?
Howard:
Well, there're inter-library loans.
Joanne:
Borrowing books from the libraries. But I've heard it isn't all that reliable.
Howard:
Hmm, you're right, but you probably won't need it anyway, be positive! The library is likely to have most things you need, and during the dissertation writing period, you can take out 15 instead of the usual 10 books.
Joanne:
Should I look at previous years' dissertations?
Howard:
You can do.
Joanne:
But I don't know which are the good ones.
Howard:
The library only keeps the best, and the staff can advise you.
Joanne:
Are they willing to do that?
Howard:
Oh yeah!
Joanne:
And I'm worried about getting journal articles from the electronic library.
Howard:
Well, have you tried to find any yet?
Joanne:
No.
Howard:
Well you should; it's really straightforward.
Joanne:
That's obviously something I'll have to look into.
Howard:
Dr. Peterson will help.
Joanne:
Yeah, I know I can go to him if I have any worries.
Howard:
Except he will be away in the second month. It's the holidays. You should ask him what to do while he's away.
Joanne:
Gosh yeah, but I suppose I can get a lot of support from a couple of people who are thinking of doing the same topic as me.
Howard:
Take care, collaboration can become dependency! I think you'd better see how it works out, what the people are like.
Joanne:
You're probably right. About the reading, I suppose Dr. Peterson would recommend plenty of articles to get me started.
Howard:
One thing I find out is what his attitude is to internet sources.
Joanne:
Surely not in this day and age. I'd better get that sorted out right at the beginning
Howard:
I would if I were you.
Joanne:
And I've also got some questions about the research sections. How much time should I spend explaining the process?
Howard:
Well, I think that's up to you. You can see how it develops as you're writing.
Joanne:
Okay.
Howard:
It's the same with things like time management. That's something a tutor can't really help you with.
Joanne:
I agree.
Howard:
So is there anything else you need me to go over.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Howard nói gì về kinh nghiệm viết dissertation (luận án)

Howard hỏi Joanne về việc viết luận sắp tới, ''You'll be starting your dissertation soon, aren't you? ''

=> Mình biết đáp án sắp tới.

Theo Howard, ''But seriously, although I didn't expect to enjoy writing my dissertation, and in fact, I didn't really find it much fun''

=> Anh ấy không thấy việc viết luận vui => Loại đáp án B



Xem full giải thích
22
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem Joanne lo lắng về điều gì nhất

Joanne nói, ''I know, and he'll set me deadlines for the different stages, which is what I need. ''

=> Joanne welcome việc có deadlineskhông lo lắng về chúng => Loại đáp án B



Cô ấy lo lắng về, ''My concern is that I've got tons of material on the topic, and I won't be able to stick to the word limit, you know?''

=> Do cô ấy có quá nhiều tư liệu về chủ đề này, cô ấy lo mình sẽ viết quá giới hạn từ => Loại đáp án A

=> Đáp án là C


Xem full giải thích
23
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo mình cần nghe xem năm ngoái Howard bận tâm gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''I remember I had different concerns when I was doing my dissertation.''





Howard nói ''I did a lot of fairly general reading''

=> Howard chỉ nói là đọc nhiều nhưng không nói là mình bị khó hiểu => Loại đáp án B

Sau đó, ''I actually enjoyed that quite a lot, and you know, it improved my reading speed.''

Xem full giải thích
24
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết điều gì khuyến khích Howard bắt đầu viết luận

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''So, did you find your tutor helpful in getting you started?''

Về sự giúp đó của tutor, Howard nói ''Yeah, we certainly had some interesting discussions.''



Tuy nhiên cái mà cho Howard động lực là ''But it's funny I saw a brilliant program about climate change, and it was that that fired me up.''

=> Việc anh ấy xem một chương trình trên TV đã tạo động lực cho anh ấy. => Loại đáp án A

=> Đáp án là B


Xem full giải thích
25
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Joanna nên làm gì vào tháng đầu tiên của tutorials

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''So you see your tutorials start next week.''

Đầu tiên, về tutor, ''You know you don't see him every week, only when you want to check something''

=> Howard khuyên mình không nên quá dựa dẫm vào giáo viên, mình chỉ gặp họ khi cần thôi chứ không phải tuần một lần => Loại đáp án A



Thứ hai, ''It's helpful to look through the bibliographies for all the course modules relating to your topic''

Xem full giải thích
26
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi Joanne bảo không có nhiều tiền mua sách, Howard nói ''I mean get the books from the library, far better.''

=> Howard khuyên mượn sách ở thư viện chứ đừng mua => Loại đáp án C



Cuối cùng, ''then you want to start immediately and write the first chapter.''

=> Nên bắt tay vào viết ngay chương đầu tiên => Đáp án là E



Xem full giải thích
27
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Howard nói gì về library provision

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''About the library, it's not worthwhile getting on good terms with the staff...''

Khi nói về staff, Howard bảo ''they aren't always helpful with undergraduates.''

=> Staff thường không hỗ trợ sinh viên nhiều => Loại đáp án A



Về inter-library loans, Joanne nói ''But I've heard it isn't all that reliable.''

Xem full giải thích
28
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Về old dissertations, ''Should I look at previous years' dissertations?''

Howard nói là ''The library only keeps the best, and the staff can advise you.''

=> Staff sẽ gợi ý mình về những bài luận tốt và phù hợp nhất. => Đáp án là D



Cuối cùng, về electronic library (=electronic resources), Howard nhận xét là ''Well you should; it's really straightforward.''

=> Sử dụng thư viện diện tử rất đơn giản (straightforward đồng nghĩa với simple) chứ không khó khăn => Loại đáp án E



Xem full giải thích
29
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Cuối cùng là về tutor

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Dr. Peterson will help.''

Nghe thấy ''...He will be away in the second month'' và Howard khuyên là ''You should ask him what to do while he's away.''

=> Joanne cần check với tutor là trong lúc tutor đang nghỉ lễ thì nên tham khảo ai => Đáp án là B



Sau đó, Joanne nói tiếp '' but I suppose I can get a lot of support from a couple of people ...'' (đề cập tới collaboration)

Xem full giải thích
30
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo là về reading articles, ''One thing I'd find out is what his attitude is to internet sources.''

Joanne trả lời "I'd better get that sorted out right at the beginning"

=> Cần check trước xem liệu tutor có cho phép sử dụng các nguồn trên mạng không => Đáp án là D



Về research sections, Joanne hỏi ''How much time should I spend explaining the process?''

Howard bảo rằng ''Well, I think that's up to you''

Xem full giải thích

Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
Chain Stores in the UK
Initial expansion
- The company expanded by opening more
31
in order to gain more market share in England
- They could raise capital by reducing the quantity of branches in southern
32

Consultation
- They closed the
33
of the convenience store in Oxford
- Over 200 staff had to be transferred and
34

- A new brand image was established to concentrate on selling
35

The future way
- A
36
was assigned to hold each discussion
- Retail stores should be flexible in developing
37
of making profits
- Changes should be brought into
38
so that the staff can become accustomed to the new rules
Conclusion
- Keep
39
about the expansion plans they choose
- Companies have saved costs by changing the
40
structure of department stores

❓ Tapescript section 4

Chain Stores In The UK
00:00
Welcome, ladies and gentlemen, to the second lecture in our series on chain stores in the UK.
Today, I will be focusing on a very successful global petrol company called Telsa, paying particular attention to their expansion and future development. There will be time for questions at the end, so please refrain from interrupting during the talk.
When it was founded, the company was a family-run organization with only one shop open in a small town in southern England.
The family was able to compete with other local companies by offering special discounts for returning customers, which resulted in a massive expansion of their client base.
This strategy was so successful that they were able to open petrol stations across the country, subsequently increasing their market share in England.
Within a decade, Telsa was running establishments throughout the UK, including Wales and Scotland. By comparing the sales income from all of their stores, they were able to collate data that highlighted which areas were the most profitable stations in the south of Scotland.
They discovered that by closing the less useful stations in the south of Scotland, they could increase the income from their other more profitable stations.
This example demonstrates the importance of continually monitoring and maintaining a clear view of the finances of the company.
Once the expertise required to run the company had exceeded the abilities of the family, they needed to hire professional consultants.
After assessing the company's financial statements, the consultants advised that Telsa close the head office of the convenience stores in Oxford.
They deemed the head office unnecessary and identified it as a financial drain on the company as the premises were expensive to run and generated no income.
To avoid firing any employees, they transferred over 200 staff to other offices and retrained them to carry out their new roles.
Now that Telsa had conquered the petrol market in the UK, they were able to branch out into other niche areas that offered prospects for profits.
They realized that they could establish a new environmentally-friendly brand image by selling fresh food in their convenience stores that had been grown by local farmers.
This strategy would not only broaden the scope of the company but also help to strengthen its relationships with local communities.
Every year, Telsa holds a meeting in London where all of the consultants and managers meet to discuss plans for development and improvement.
These meetings are essential to the evolution of the company, as feedback is heard from all level of the organization, from the sales staff to the CEOs.
They did this by assigning every manager the task of holding staff discussions, at which ideas and concerns would be passed on for evaluation at the meeting.
Telsa decided to accommodate the individuality of each of their stores instead of forcing them to conform to one overriding company identity.
They realized that by increasing the flexibility of the profit-making strategies of each of the retail stores, they subsequently became more commercially successful.
The level of staff satisfaction also doubled as a result, as the individuals felt that they were not being constrained to one way of thinking.
To avoid misunderstandings and mistakes, any future changes were introduced in stages to familiarize the staff with the new regulations.
Now, it's time to conclude the lecture for today, so I will leave you with some food for thought before you go. To run a successful business, one cannot underestimate the importance of maintaining open-minded when deciding on strategies for expansion.
Sometimes it's necessary to employ an independent consultant who can offer an objective and unbiased view on the running of your company.
Emotion will only ever cloud your ability to make business-related decisions.
Research suitable case studies and look at how department stores, for example, were able to alter their organizational structure while minimizing costs and staff redundancies.
Precedents are an essential resource when it comes to making decisions for your own business, so don't undervalue them!
Well, that wraps up our lecture for today. If there are any questions...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
petrol stations
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem công ty mở thêm cái gì để mở rộng thị phần ở Anh

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ... which resulted in a massive expansion of their client base.''

Theo người nói, ''This strategy was so successful that they were able to open petrol stations across the country, subsequently increasing their market share in England.''

=> Vậy họ có thể mở thêm các trạm xăng, từ đó tăng thị phần của họ ở nước Anh. => Đáp án: petrol stations



Xem full giải thích
32
Scotland
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem họ tăng doanh thu bằng cách giảm số lượng các chi nhánh ở đâu

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''By comparing the sales income from all of their stores ...'' (stores ở đây có thể hiểu là branches)





Mình nghe được là ''They discovered that by closing the less useful stations in the south of Scotland, they could increase the income from their other more profitable stations.''

=> Bằng cách đóng cửa các trạm làm ăn kém ở miền Nam Scotland, họ có thể tăng doanh thu (tức raise capital) => Đáp án: Scotland



Xem full giải thích
33
head office
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mục tiếp theo là consultation (tư vấn)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ... they needed to hire professional consultants.''

Sau đó, ''After assessing the company's financial statements, the consultants advised that Telsa close the head office of the convenience stores in Oxford.''

=> Consultants khuyên Telsa nên đóng cửa văn phòng trụ sở của các cửa hàng tiện lợi để giảm chi phí. => Đáp án là head office



Xem full giải thích
34
retrained
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng là 200 nhân viên ở head office (Over 200 stafff had to be transferred and ___ )

Theo người nói, ''To avoid firing any employees, they transferred over 200 staff to other offices and retrained them to carry out their new roles.''

=> 200 nhân viên cũ được transferred (chuyển) sang offices mới và được retrained (đào tạo lại) cho các chức vụ mới. => Đáp án: retrained



Xem full giải thích
35
fresh food
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một mặt hàng nào đó (A new brand image was established to concentrate on selling ___ )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' they were able to branch out into other niche areas that offered prospects for profits.'' (niche areas là các thị trường bán hàng tập trung ~ concentrate on selling...)

Mình nghe được là ''They realized that they could establish a new environmentally-friendly brand image by selling fresh food in their convenience stores ...''

=> Họ sẽ tạo một hình ảnh thương hiệu mới bằng cách bán đồ ăn tươi trong cửa hàng tiện lợi. => Đáp án: fresh food



Xem full giải thích
36
manager
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ai được giao trách nhiệm tổ chức discussion

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''These meetings are essential .... '' (meeting ~ discussion)

Cách làm của họ là ''They did this by assigning every manager the task of holding staff discussions''

=> Họ sẽ chỉ định một manager tổ chức các buổi thảo luận của staff => Đáp án: manager



Xem full giải thích
37
strategies
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem retail stores phải linh hoạt trong việc phát triển cái gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Telsa decided to accommodate the individuality of each of their stores ...''

Theo người nói, ''They realized that by increasing the flexibility of the profit-making strategies of each of the retail stores, they subsequently became more commercially successful.''

=> Tăng sự linh hoạt trong chiến lược, kiếm nhiều tiền hơn => Các retail stores phải linh hoạt trong việc phát triển chiến lược => Đáp án: strategies



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38
stages
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là the staff

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The level of staff satisfaction also doubled as a result ...''





Theo người nói, ''To avoid misunderstandings and mistakes, any future changes were introduced in stages to familiarize the staff with the new regulations.''

=> Các thay đổi trong tương lai được áp dụng theo các bước nhỏ (stages) để staff có thể làm quen dần (familiarize with new regulations= become accustomed to the new rules) => Đáp án: stages



Xem full giải thích
39
open-minded
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp đến mình sẽ sang phần conclusion (Keep ___ about the expansion plans they choose)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Now, it's time to conclude the lecture for today ...''

Sau đó, ''To run a successful business, one cannot underestimate the importance of maintaining open-minded when deciding on strategies for expansion.''

=> Họ cần phải có tư tưởng cởi mở khi quyết định chiến lược mở rộng, phát triển. ( keep = maintain) => Đáp án: open-minded



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40
organizational
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng cuối cùng là department store (Companies have saved costs by changing the ___ structure of department store)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Research suitable case studies and look at how department stores, ...''

Sau đó, '' ... were able to alter their organizational structure while minimizing costs and staff redundancies.''

=> Department stores có thể tiết kiệm tiền (minimize costs) bằng cách thay đổi organization structure (alter = change) => Đáp án: organizational



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