Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 4 - Listening Test 5 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test IELTS Actual Test 4 - Listening Test 5 được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 4 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 4 - Listening Test 5 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 5
Complete the form below.
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Oakham Surgery New Patient Form
Question 6 - 10
Circle the correct letters A-C.
6
When is Mike’s wife’s first appointment?
A
Friday 21st at 2.00pm.
B
Friday 21st at 2.30pm.
C
Friday 21st at 3.30pm.
7
What is the surgery’s phone number?
A
7253 9819
B
7253 9829
C
7523 9829
8
What is the name of the girl with whom Mike is speaking at the surgery?
A
Rachel
B
Elizabeth
C
Angela
9
What’s the night doctor’s mobile number?
A
0506 759 3856
B
0506 759 3857
C
0506 758 3856
10
Which of the following does the surgery NOT make a charge for?
A
Travel vaccinations
B
Consultations
C
Insurance reports

❓ Tapescript section 1

Oakham Surgery New Patient Form
00:00
Mike:
Hello. I’ve just moved to melbourne for a new job and I’ve been advised to register with a new doctor for my family and myself.
Mike:
I think that this surgery is the nearest one to where I live.
Recept:
What’s the name of the road that you live in sir?
Mike:
Dawson Road.
Recept:
Yes. That’s in our area. Would you like to register with us now?
Mike:
Yes please.
Recept:
Right. I’ll just have to take some details. First of all, could you give me your name?
Mike:
It’s mike jacobs . J-A-C-O-B-S.
Recept:
And your family?
Mike:
My wife’s name is Janet and I have one little boy whose name is Rod.
Recept:
Ron?
Mike:
No, Rod. R-O-D.
Recept:
Good, that’s fine. And what is your address here in Melbourne?
Mike:
52 dawson road, Highfield. Melbourne.
Recept:
Highfield. H-I-G-H-F-I-E-L-D. Good. And I’ll need to know your health card number.
Mike:
It’s NH eight seven one eight one C. What about my family?
Recept:
Oh, only yours for now. Do you know the name of your old doctor?
Mike:
It was Dr. Graham McKenzie in Perth.
Recept:
Now, we’ve got 4 doctors here. There’s Dr. Susan Larkins, Dr. Kevin White, Dr. James Nicholson and Dr. Linda Williams. Which one would you like to register with?
Mike:
Oh! I didn’t think of that. Well, I think I would like a man as my doctor. I’ll go for the last one. Was that one a man?
Recept:
No, that was Dr. Linda. How about Dr. Kevin?
Mike:
Yes, that will be fine.
Recept:
Right. Dr. White it is. Will that be the same for your family?
Mike:
Oh yes. My wife might not want a man as her doctor.
Mike:
Well, we’ll leave it as it is for now and my wife can change if she wants to.
Mike:
I’d like to make an appointment now for my wife.
Mike:
She wants to come in at the end of the week.
Recept:
How about this Friday morning? That’s Friday.
Recept:
Mmm, I don’t think she can make the morning. Any openings in the afternoon?
Recept:
There are appointments available at 2.00, 2.30 and 3.30.
Mike:
We’ll take the first one please.
Mike:
Ok. That’s done.
Mike:
Oh. And what shall my wife do if she wants to switch doctor?
Recept:
She can just give us a call here. Do you want to take the number down?
Mike:
Yes please.
Recept:
It’s seven two five three nine eight two nine . Can you give me your name please?
Recept:
My name’s Angela but there are two other girls who might be on duty as well.
Recept:
Their names are Elizabeth and Rachel but it doesn’t matter who’s on duty. Anyone can take care of it.
Mike:
Now what do we do if we need to call out a doctor during the night?
Recept:
We’ve got a rotation system with the doctors in the area.
Recept:
There’s a mobile and you can call and that’ll get through to the doctor who’s on duty.
Mike:
What’s that number?
Recept:
It’s zero five zero six seven five nine three eight five six
Mike:
Got that. I didn’t ask about any charges.
Recept:
Like all Australia, prescriptions have to be paid for at the chemist at the prevailing rate.
Recept:
Some things like vaccinations for travel and insurance reports we make a standard charge for and I can give you a price list for those. consultations though are under the National Health Service so they’ll be free.
Mike:
Great. Well that’s all. Thanks and goodbye.
Recept:
Goodbye.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
Jacobs
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm last name của người đàn ông

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau câu hỏi "could you give me your name?" của Receptionist





Người đàn ông trả lời "It’s Mike Jacobs" sau đó đánh vần last name "J-A-C-O-B-S "

=> Đáp án: Jacobs



Xem full giải thích
2
Rod
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về tên của đứa con đầu tiên

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau "And your family?"





Mike trả lời rằng "My wife’s name is Janet and I have one little boy whose name is Rod"

Nhưng lễ tân có nhầm lẫn là "Ron" và Mike đã sửa lại là "No, Rod" sau đó còn đánh vần tên "R-O-D"

Xem full giải thích
3
Highfield
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Thông tin mình cần tìm là địa chỉ cụ thể của người đàn ông ở Melbourne (52 Dawson Road ____ Melbourne)

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau "And what is your address here in Melbourne?"

Người đàn ông trả lời "52 Dawson road, Highfield. Melbourne."

Và Receptionist cũng xác nhận thông tin bằng cách đánh vần "Highfield. H-I-G-H-F-I-E-L-D."

=> Đáp án: Highfield



Xem full giải thích
4
N H 8 7 1 8 1 2 C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng cần điền là số thẻ của health card

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau câu hỏi "And I’ll need to know your health card number."





Mike cũng trả lời rõ ràng là "It’s NH eight seven one eight one C"

=> Đáp án: N H 8 7 1 8 1 2



Xem full giải thích
5
Dr.Kevin
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Minh cần điền thông tin về tên bác sĩ

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau "Which one would you like to register with?" (hỏi xem muốn khám bác sĩ nào)

Receptionist đưa ra 4 lựa chọn "There’s Dr. Susan Larkins, Dr. Kevin White, Dr. James Nicholson and Dr. Linda Williams"





Mike đã chọn người cuối cùng được đề cập "Well, I think I would like a man as my doctor. I’ll go for the last one."

Xem full giải thích
6
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm thời gian cho buổi hẹn của vợ Mike với bác sĩ





Tất cả đáp án đều cùng một ngày là Friday the 21st nên mình chỉ cần chú tâm vào thời gian

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau "Any openings in the afternoon?"

Receptionist đưa ra 3 lựa chọn "There are appointments available at 2.00, 2.30 and 3.30."

Xem full giải thích
7
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm thông tin về the surgery’s phone number

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "She can just give us a call here. Do you want to take the number down?"





Sau đó nghe "It’s seven two five three nine eight two nine"

=> Đáp án là B



Xem full giải thích
8
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Thông tin cần tìm là tên của người mà Mike đang nói chuyện cùng

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau "Can you give me your name please?"





Receptionist trả lời "My name’s Angela but there are two other girls who might be on duty as well"

=> Tên cô ấy là Angela nhưng cũng có 2 người khác trực ca tên Elizabeth Rachel => Tuy nhiên Mike chỉ hỏi tên của người đang nói chuyện cùng, 2 tên kia là thông tin gây nhiễu => Đáp án là C



Xem full giải thích
9
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm số điện thoại của bác sĩ trực ban đêm

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "now what do we do if we need to call out a doctor during the night?"





Sau đó mình nghe "There’s a mobile and you can call and that’ll get through to the doctor who’s on duty."

Và nghe đọc số "It’s zero five zero six seven five nine three eight five six"

Xem full giải thích
10
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái gì không bị tính phí phẫu thuật

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau "I didn’t ask about any charges."





Receptionist nói rằng "Some things like vaccinations for travel and insurance reports we make a standard charge"

=> Họ sẽ tính phí cho một số thứ như vắc xin cho du lịch và bảo hiểm => Loại đáp án A và C



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 16
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER for eachanswer.
Notes on Library
Question 17 - 20
Label the library layout below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for eachanswer.

❓ Tapescript section 2

Notes On Library
00:00
Good morning everyone. I’d like to welcome you all to Westley University Library.
This is a 20-minute tour around the library to show you all the facilities and all you will need to know to start off your life here as a student at the University.
What I’ll start by doing is telling you about what you need to do to join the library].
Then I’ll briefly tell you about our facilities and then I’ll guide you quickly round and show you everything.
So to join the Library you need to go to the reception between the hours of 9am and 5pm.
After that the reception closes, though all the other facilities will stay open until 10pm.
At the reception they’ll give you an application form. After you fill that in, you’ll have to give us the fee of five, which you have to give us every year that you’re a member of the Library.
We will also need to see your University Card to confirm that you’re a student of the University and finally we’ll need 2 passport photos – 1 for our records and the other for your Library card.
You will need to do all this as soon as possible so you’ll be able to use the facilities at once.
I’m sure your workload will begin to build up soon!
Now, let me tell you a bit about the facilities.
The Library opens daily from 8am to 10pm though, as I told you earlier, the Reception operates only between the hours of 9am and 5pm, although this is extended to 6.30pm on Fridays to give students more time to organise their book requirements for the weekend.
The reception is closed on sundays.
Undergraduate students are permitted to take out 4 books at any one time and each book may be borrowed for a period of two weeks. post may borrow 6 books at a time.
Borrowing time can be extended by a period of one week per book if the student comes into the Library in person with the book in question so it can be reached].
We do not renew book borrowing over the phone. If you are late in returning any book, then you will be charged a fine of two for every week that you are late.
You won’t be able to take out any other books until this fine is paid.
his is not a method of earning money for the Library but merely what we have to do to ensure that all students have access to all the books that they will need.
Ok then. Onto the layout of the library.
We’re on the ground floor of the library at the moment. Here we have the reception, the computers, which you can use to search for books and their location, and the bathrooms, which are behind the reception.
The rest of the ground floor is taken up by the non section of the library.
Here we keep all the books, which are either too valuable or are used too much to lend out.
You can reserve time with these books at reception and use them during any time that the library is open but, of course, you may not remove them from the Library.
On the first floor above us, we have the Arts section, which includes books that students will need for such as languages, literature, art and history.
On the second floor is the science section. We’ll see these in a minute.
Of course, individual departments will usually have their specialist libraries in their buildings, though the computer catalogs]here will list them so you know where to find everything, whether it’s here or in the specialist libraries.
Finally, in the basement we have the stack system, which contains the University collection of magazines and journals that we have collected and to which we subscribe.
If there is anything that we do not have or that you can’t find, please go to reception and let them know the details.
The University operates a swap system with other universities and we can arrange for volumes that we do not possess to be sent here on a limited loan.
Well, those are the basic details about the University Library.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
5 pound fee
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về những thứ cần khi đăng kí thành viên thư viện



Speaker nói "At the reception they’ll give you an application form. "

=> Dấu hiệu đáp án sẽ xuất hiện

Rồi tiếp tục nói "After you fill that in, you’ll have to give us the fee of five pounds, which you have to give us every year that you’re a member of the Library."

=> Sau khi điền vào form thì sẽ phải trả phí hàng năm

Xem full giải thích
12
University card
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Speaker còn nói "We will also need to see your University Card to confirm that you’re a student of the University''

=> Mình cần có thẻ Đại học. => Đáp án: University card



Xem full giải thích
13
daily
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Speaker nói rằng "The Library opens daily from 8AM to 10PM"

=> Thư viện mở của hàng ngày 8am - 10pm => Đáp án: daily



Xem full giải thích
14
Friday/Fridays
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe ngày mà reception đóng cửa vào lúc 6.30





Speaker nói rằng "the Reception operates only between the hours of 9AM and 5PM, although this is extended to 6.30PM on Fridays"

=> Quầy lễ tân đóng cửa muộn hơn vào 6.30pm vào thứ Sáu. =>Đáp án: Friday(s)



Xem full giải thích
15
6 books
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần tìm số lượng sách sinh viên sau đại học được phép mượn tại thư viện



Speaker nói "Undergraduate students are permitted to take out 4 books at any one time"

=> Đáp án chuẩn bị vào





Sau đó nghe thấy "Postgraduates may borrow 6 books at a time"

Xem full giải thích
16
1 week
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm thông tin liên quan đến gia hạn sách trực tiếp.



Đáp án là số tuần (giống với 2 weeks ở trước)





Speaker nói "each book may be borrowed for a period of two weeks. "

=> Đáp án chuẩn bị vô

Xem full giải thích
17
computers/the computers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Sau khi nghe ''Onto the layout of the library.''

=> Đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Đáp án cần điền là một loại phòng ở tầng trệt (song song với từ reception và bathroom)

Speaker nói "We’re on the ground floor of the library at the moment. Here we have the reception, the computers, which you can use to search for books and their location, and the bathrooms, which are behind the reception"

=> Có reception, the computers và the bathrooms => Đáp án: (the) computers



Xem full giải thích
18
non-lending/non-lending section
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cũng là 1 cái gì đó ở ground floor, tiếp nối thông tin với câu trước



Speaker giới thiệu rằng "The rest of the ground floor is taken up by the non-lending section of the library."

=> Phần còn lại của tầng trệt là non-lending section => Đáp án: non-lending section



Xem full giải thích
19
Arts
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án sẽ đến sau "On the first floor above us"

Speaker giới thiệu rằng "On the first floor above us, we have the Arts section, which includes books that students will need."

=> Trên tầng 1 có Arts section => Đáp án: Arts



Xem full giải thích
20
Basement
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Minh cần thông tin của tầng nơi mà có Stack System.

Mình nghe được là "Finally, in the basement we have the stack system"

=> Cuối cùng là basement, nơi mà có stack system => Đáp án: Basement



Xem full giải thích

Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 24
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for eachanswer.
21
When will Simon begin writing his essay?
22
According to Simon, what kind of problems did Jaguar have in the 1970s and 80s?
23
What is the word limit for the essay?
24
What is the preferable method for handing in the essay?
Question 25 - 27
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
The tutor warned Jennifer about 
25
  in her work. Jennifer wants to write about how 
26
  are used by supermarkets.
Jennifer found some publications in the library
27
  to help her analysis.
Question 28 - 30
Complete the tutor’s summary notes on Melanie below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Notes on Student Essays
Student Melanie needs an
28
as she has been unwell with the flu. She will get a
29
from the doctor. She’s going to write about
30
in the UK and their effect on housing trends. She should be on track with the essay by the end of the weekend.

❓ Tapescript section 3

Essays Discussion
00:00
Tutor:
Good morning everyone. Well, in today’s tutorial we’re going to discuss the essays that you have to submit by the end of next week.
Tutor:
Some of you will have already started them, which is good and if you haven’t, well that’s OK but you’ll have to get a move on.
Tutor:
So, let’s begin with you Simon. What’s happening with you?
Simon:
Well, I’ve made a start on it. I’ve research the background quite extensively last weekend and I should get to the writing tomorrow with a
Tutor:
What are you writing about?
Simon:
I decided to look at the car manufacturing company, Jaguar, examine the problems they had with Q22 reliability in the 1970s and 80s, how they dealt with it, and how it affected their marketing and sales strategy.
Tutor:
That sounds pretty interesting. Any problems with that?
Simon:
At the start I had problems getting information from that far back, but after rooting around in the library,
Simon:
I found some magazines which gave me information and also gave me references to find other stuff.
Simon:
It seems now the only problem is keeping to the 4,000 word limit.
Simon:
It just seems that I have so much to write about. It seems I’ll need 5000 or even 6000 words to be able to cope.
Tutor:
Yes, your essay title seems to me to be very wide-ranging.
Tutor:
Would you think about cutting out part of it?
Tutor:
How about looking at their sales and marketing strategy but only mentioning the problems in the 70s and 80s and not going too far into it?
Simon:
That’s a good idea. That will make it much easier to handle.
Simon:
By the way, how do you want us to hand in our work? Do you want us to drop in a hard copy to your office?
Tutor:
You could do that but I’d prefer it if you just e-mailed it to me as an attachment.
Tutor:
You’ve all got my address. If not, give it to the secretary clearly marked that it’s for me. Right, Jennifer, how about you?
Jennifer:
I’ve not really got going on it yet but I’ve decided on a subject.
Jennifer:
I’ll try and do some research during the rest of this week and I should get writing this weekend.
Tutor:
OK, what are you writing about then
Jennifer:
I want to look into how supermarkets market surveys to develop use their products.
Tutor:
Will you have enough time to find out what sort of things that the supermarkets do? You won’t have much time for that.
Jennifer:
I should be OK. I’ve had a look in the stack system in the library and I’ve found a magazine that surveyed all the UK major supermarkets and a trade publication that analysed the same things in Canadian supermarkets.
Tutor:
Be careful about using their conclusions too much. The university takes a tough stance on plagiarism .
Tutor:
Make sure you properly list where you get your information from in a bibliography and try and do your own analysis. Get going too as that analysis will take a bit of time.
Jennifer:
OK, thanks.
Tutor:
And Melanie. How is your work going?
Melanie:
I’m a bit behind I’m afraid. I was sick all last week and weekend with flu.
Melanie:
I’ve got a subject I think but I’ve not done any work on it yet. Is there any chance I can get an extension to the submittal date?
Tutor:
The policy of the department is not to give any extensions unless there are extenuating circumstances. Do you have a doctor’s certificate or anything?
Melanie:
I went to the doctor’s but I didn’t get a note as I didn’t realise I would need it.
Melanie:
The doctor will have a record of me though as I got a prescription. I’ll go back and get one.
Tutor:
Yes, do. If you get one, then there shouldn’t be a problem getting an extension.
Tutor:
Without it though, you’ll be in trouble. What subject are you considering anyway?
Melanie:
I thought I’d do an overview of the UK mortgage interest rates and their effect on housing sales trends over the last 10 years.
Melanie:
I thought it might be of interest because of the huge increases of house prices over the last decade.
Tutor:
Certainly an interesting subject and it should be no great problem getting information as this has been fairly well documented.
Tutor:
It’s a lot of work again though and you’ll really need to get cracking on it even with the extension – if you get one.
Melanie:
Well, I’ve not got much on for the rest of the week and I’ve set aside the weekend to really get to grips with it.
Tutor:
Good. Now, is there anything else

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
tommorrow
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Simon sẽ bắt đầu viết essay khi nào

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''So, let’s begin with you Simon. What’s happening with you?''





Simon có nói "I’ve research the background quite extensively last weekend "

=> Anh ấy mới làm reasearch về nó vào tuần trước chứ chưa bắt đầu => Loại last week



Xem full giải thích
22
Reliability
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết Jaguar gặp vấn đề gì vào những năm 1970s và 80s





Mình nghe được rằng "I decided to look at the car manufacturing company, Jaguar, examine the problems they had with reliability in the 1970s and 80s"

=> Công ty Jaguar đã có vấn đề với reliabilty => Đáp án là reliabilty



Xem full giải thích
23
4000
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm số lượng từ được phép cho bài essay.
Simon có than phiền "It seems now the only problem is keeping to the 4,000 word limit."

=> Giới hạn từ là 4000 => Đáp án là 4000





Sau đó Simon có nhắc tới "It seems I’ll need 5000 or even 6000 words to be able to cope."

=> Sẽ dễ dàng hơn nếu anh được viết 5000 hay 6000 từ. Nhưng thực tế Simon chỉ được viết 4000 từ => Loại 5000 và 6000



Xem full giải thích
24
e-mail attachment
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Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp đó mình cần phương pháp thích hợp cho Simon nộp bài essay

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' By the way, how do you want us to hand in our work?''





Đầu tiên, Simon có hỏi là ''Do you want us to drop in a hard copy to your office?"

=> Simon gợi ý nộp bản cứng tại văn phòng

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25
market surveys
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Mình cần nghe thông tin về đề tài Jennifer sẽ viết về có liên quan đến supermarkets

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau "what are you writing about then?"

Mình nghe được Jennifer trả lời "I want to look into how supermarkets use market survey to develop their product"

=> Muốn tìm hiểu cách các siêu thị sử dụng market surveys => Đáp án là market surveys

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26
stack system
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Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án là một noun đi với từ library



Mình nghe được " I’ve had a look in the stack system in the library and I’ve found a magazine that surveyed all the UK major supermarkets and a trade publication ..."

=> magazine= publication => Chỗ cô tìm thấy là stack system => Đáp án là stack system



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27
plagiarism/using their conclusions
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Mình cần biết tutor cảnh báo với Jennifer về điều gì

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau "Be careful"





Mình nghe được "Be careful about using their conclusions too much. The university takes a tough stance on plagiarism."

=> Tutor cảnh cáo về sử dụng conclusions quá nhiều vì trường đại học gắt gao về plagiarism (đạo văn)

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28
extension
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Giải thích chi tiết



Thông tin còn thiếu là thứ Melanie cần vì cô ấy bị cúm

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And Melanie. How is your work going?''

Mình nghe được rằng cô ấy bị cảm cúm và "not done any work on it yet."

Sau đó Melanie hỏi tutor "Is there any chance I can get an extension to the submittal date?"

=> Cô ấy muốn gia hạn nộp bài. => Đáp án là extension



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29
certificate
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Đối tượng là thứ Melanie cần từ bác sĩ.



Tutor nói rằng "Do you have a doctor’s certificate or anything? "

=> Theo quy định của khoa, Melanie sẽ phải xin giấy chứng nhận của bác sĩ



Melanie trả lời rằng " I went to the doctor’s but I didn’t get a note as I didn’t realise I would need it. The doctor will have a record of me though as I got a prescription. I’ll go back and get one."

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30
mortgage interest rates
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Giải thích chi tiết



Melanie sẽ viết về một thứ ở Anh mà chúng ảnh hướng đến xu thế nhà ở.

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''What subject are you considering anyway?''

Melanie có nói "I thought I’d do an overview of the UK mortgage interest rates and their effect on housing sales trends over the last 10 years."

=> Melanie sẽ tìm hiểu mortgage interest rates ở UK và ảnh hưởng của chúng đối với xu hướng bán nhà ở trong 10 năm qua. => Đáp án là mortgage interest rates



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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 33
Choose the correct letters A-C.
31
The Pacific is more prone to tsunami because…
A
it has many faults.
B
its faults undergo subduction.
C
its tectonic plates are bigger than elsewhere.
32
The biggest tsunami are usually created by…
A
undersea volcanic eruptions.
B
undersea earthquakes.
C
undersea landslides.
33
Tsunami are difficult to detect in deep water because of…
A
their wavelength.
B
their high speed.
C
their wave rate.
Question 34 - 35
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
34
List the two ways which the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has set up to detect tsunami.
35
List the two ways which the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has set up to detect tsunami.
Question 36 - 40
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer

❓ Tapescript section 4

Tsunami
00:00
Good afternoon and welcome to this Earth Sciences lecture. Today we’re going to look at tidal; or more correctly, tsunami .
Deep below the ocean’s surface tectonic plates collide, and every once in a while, these forces produce an earthquake.
The energy of such submarine earthquakes can produce tidal waves, which radiate out in all directions from the epicentre of the quake, moving at speeds of up to 500 miles per hour.
When these waves reach shore, they can cause enormous destruction and loss of life. Tidal waves are actually miss named.
They are not caused by tides. A more accurate word for them is the Japanese name tsunami, which means, harbour.
They are also sometimes called seismic sea waves, since they can be caused by seismic disturbances such as submarine quakes.
However, that name is not really accurate either, since tsunami can also be caused by landslides, volcanic eruptions , nuclear explosions, and even impacts of objects from outer space, such as meteorites , asteroids, and comets .
Earthquakes though are the largest cause of tsunami. Tectonic plates cover the world’s surface and their movement can be detected anywhere in the world.
Some areas of the world are more prone to greater movement, and it is in these places that the largest waves can occur.
Large vertical movements of the earth’s crust occur at plate boundaries which are known as faults.
The Pacific Ocean’s denser oceanic plates are often known to slip under continental plates in a process known as subduction, and subduction earthquakes are the most effective in generating tsunamis.
A tsunami can be generated by any disturbance that displaces a large water mass from its equilibrium position. In the case of earthquake-generated tsunamis, the water column is disturbed by the uplift or subsidence of the sea floor.
Submarine landslides, which often accompany large earthquakes, as well as collapses of volcanic edifices, can also disturb the overlying water column as sediment and rock slump down, and are redistributed across the sea floor.
submarine volcanic eruptions can create an impulsive force that uplifts the water column and generates a tsunami.
Conversely, super marine landslides and cosmic body impacts disturb the water from above, as momentum from falling debris is transferred to the water into which the debris falls
Generally speaking, tsunamis generated from these mechanisms, unlike the devastating Pacific-wide tsunamis caused by earthquakes, dissipate quickly and rarely affect coastlines distant from the source area.
Tsunamis are very hard to detect, since they cannot be seen when they are in the deep ocean.
The distance between two wave crests can be 500 kilometers and, because of this, the wave height is only a few feet.
Because the rate at which a wave loses its energy is inversely related to its wavelength , tsunamis not only propagate at high speeds, they can also travel great, transoceanic distances with limited energy losses.
As the tsunami reaches shallow water however, its speed decreases, but the energy it contains remains about the same. Instead of travelling fast, the wave rises high.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has set up seismic detection system to monitor earthquakes and predict the possible arrival of tidal waves for Pacific countries
Buoys at sea can also detect water pressure changes that can indicate tsunamis moving through the ocean.
But when tsunamis originate near the shore there is often little chance to warn people.
Let’s look at some examples of tsunami and their causes and effects .Some can be relatively harmless.
In 1992 an offshore landslide caused a tidal wave of only about three feet high that struck at low tide, so Humboldt County, where it hit, got off easy with no casualties .
On January 13th in 1992, a Pacific Ocean earthquake off the coast of San salvador , registering 7.6 on the Richter scale, did not cause any ocean disturbance at all.
However, a recent tidal wave, which struck Papua New Guinea on july 17th 1998 , was 23 feet high, and killed at least 1200 people. This wave was caused by a agnitude 7.1 submarine earthquake.
On July 17, 1998 a Papua New Guinea tsunami killed roughly 3,000 people A huge underwater volcanic eruption 15 miles offshore was followed within 10 minutes by a wave some 40 feet tall.
The villages of Arop and Warapu were destroyed.
One of the worst tsunami disasters engulfed whole villages along Sanriku, Japan, in 1896 .
An underwater earthquake induced a wave of 35 feet drowning some 26,000 people.
Finally, about 8,000 years ago, a massive undersea landslide off the coast of Norway sent a 30- foot wall of water barreling into the uninhabited northern coast of Europe.
If this were to recur today, as scientists say it could, almost anywhere in the world, it would cost billions if not tens of billions of dollars to repair the damage to coastal cities and kill tens of thousands of people.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm lí do Thái Bình Dương dễ bị sóng thần.

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Some areas of the world are more prone to greater movement..."





Sau đó, theo người nói, ''The Pacific Ocean’s denser oceanic plates are often known to slip under continental plates in a process known as subduction, and subduction earthquakes are the most effective in generating tsunamis''

=> Oceanic plates ở Pacific thường trải qua subduction (trượt xuống dưới mảng lục địa) và động đất subduction có khả năng dẫn đến sóng thần nhất => Đáp án là B



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32
B
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Mình cần nghe xem các cơn sóng thần lớn nhất thường được tạo ra bởi cái gì





Mình sẽ được giải thích cách sóng thần hình thành từ cả ba nguyên nhân này.

1. Đầu tiên là earthquake, ''In the case of earthquake-generated tsunamis, ....''

2. Thứ hai là landslide, ''Submarine landslides, which often accompany large earthquakes, as well as collapses of volcanic edifices, can also disturb the overlying water column ...''

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33
A
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết tại sao sóng thần khó phát hiện dưới biển sâu

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau "Tsunamis are very hard to detect, since they cannot be seen when they are in the deep ocean. "

Đầu tiên, theo người nói "The distance between two wave crests can be 500 kilometers and, because of this, the wave height is only a few feet. "

=> Khoảng cách giữa hai đỉnh sóng có thể là 500 km (tức là wavelength) và do đó, độ cao của sóng chỉ là vài feet, từ đó chúng khó bị phát hiện => Đáp án là A



Bạn cũng có thể nghe ''Because the rate at which a wave loses its energy is inversely related to its wavelength, tsunamis not only propagate at high speeds, they can also travel great, transoceanic distances with limited energy losses.''

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34
bouys/bouys at sea
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Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo, mình nghe được là ''Buoys at sea can also detect water pressure changes that can indicate tsunamis moving through the ocean.''

=> Bouys cũng được dùng để phát hiện sóng thần (indicate tsunamis) => Đáp án: bouys (at sea)



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35
seismic detection system
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Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng chính của câu là National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration





Nghe thấy ''The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has set up a seismic detection system to monitor earthquakes and predict the possible arrival of tidal waves for Pacific countries.''

=> Dự đoán tsunami (detect tsunami= predict the possible arrival of tidal waves) thông qua a seismic detection system => Đáp án: seismic detection system

(hệ thống phát hiện địa chấn)

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36
offshore landslide
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về nguyên nhân của con sóng xảy ra vào năm 1992.

Mình nghe được là ''In 1992, an offshore landslide caused a tidal wave of only about three feet high''

=> Offshore landslide gây ra a tidal wave (tsunami) => Đáp án: offshore landslide



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37
no wave/zero feet
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Ở đây mình cần nghe về chiều cao của con sóng.

Đầu tiên, người nói giới thiệu hiện tượng tiếp theo, ''On January 13th in 1992, a Pacific Ocean earthquake off the coast of San salvador''

=> Mình biết đáp án sắp tới

Sau đó, ''did not cause any ocean disturbance at all.''

=> Trận động đất này không hề ảnh hưởng tới ocean, tức là nó không gây ra sóng => Đáp án: no wave/zero feet

(bạn lưu ý nếu viết zero thì bạn vẫn cần có tên đơn vị ở sau)

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38
submarine earthquake
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Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về nguyên nhân của sóng thần năm 1998

Người nói giới thiệu về con sóng, ''However, a recent tidal wave, which struck Papua New Guinea on july 17th 1998 ...''

=> Mình biết đáp án sẽ có.

Sau đó người nói đưa thông tin về nguyên nhân của nó là ''This wave was caused by a magnitude 7.1 submarine earthquake.''

=> Nguyên nhân là một trận động đất dưới biển => Đáp án: submarine earthquake



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39
26,000
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Giải thích chi tiết

Đến câu này thì mình cần nghe về số người tử vong.



Đối tượng của mình là sóng thần vào năm 1896

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''One of the worst tsunami disasters engulfed whole villages along Sanriku, Japan, in 1896''

Mình nghe được là ''An underwater earthquake induced a wave of 35 feet drowning some 26,000 people.''

=> Nó đã nhấn chìm 26,000 người => Đáp án: 26,000



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40
none.
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Giải thích chi tiết

Ở câu cuối cùng, mình cần nghe về số người tử vong.

Con sóng này xảy ra vào 8000 năm trước

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau ''Finally, about 8,000 years ago, a massive undersea landslide off the coast of Norway''

Theo người nói, ''sent a 30- foot wall of water barreling into the uninhabited northern coast of Europe.''

=> Bạn phải bắt được ngay từ uninhabited, tức là không có người sống => Cơn sóng thần không giết ai cả => Đáp án: none



Tới câu sau, người nói có bảo là '' If this were to recur today, (...), it would (...) kill tens of thousands of people.''

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