Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 2 - Listening Test 11 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test IELTS Actual Test 2 - Listening Test 11 được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 2 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 2 - Listening Test 11 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the form below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer
Home Insurance Quotation Form

❓ Tapescript section 1

Home Insurance Quotation Form
00:00
Janet:
Hello?
Agent:
Yes, I’d like to speak with Janet Evans, please.
Janet:
Speaking
Agent:
Hi Ms. Evans, this is Jim Rodriguez calling from Farrelly Mutual about your recent homeowner’s insurance inquiry
Janet:
Yes, hi. Thanks for returning my call.
Agent:
My pleasure. I understand you are potentially interested in insurance for a bungalow located a bit out of town. Could you give me the address?
Janet:
Sure, it’s 49 Greenway Court. Greenway is one word.
Agent:
Thank you. Alright, and would you prefer to be contacted via email or phone?
Janet:
Either one is fine - maybe try emailing me first and as an alternative I can give you my phone number.
Agent:
Great - and what is your email address?
Janet:
pk2@cat.com.
Agent:
Hm, did you say “cat”, as in the animal?
Janet:
Yes. It is the acronym for the construction company I work for - I’m sure you’ve seen them around.
Agent:
Yes, I have. And could you give me your primary phone number, and the best time to reach you?
Janet:
Sure - the number is (020) 4251-9443. I am generally unable to answer my phone at work, but anytime after 5.30 p.m is fine.
Agent:
I will make a note of that here. Now I’m going to ask you a little bit about the property itself so we can make an accurate estimate of the cost of insuring your home.
Agent:
Could you tell me the size of your house?
Janet:
Um, well, I don’t have the exact measurements, but I’m pretty sure it’s right around 80 square metres. Should I measure it and call you back later?
Agent:
No, that’s completely alright. I’ll write 80 square metres for now to get the estimate and then an agent will come get the exact measurements later on if you decide to purchase our insurance.
Janet:
Okay, great.
Agent:
And what material is your house made of? For example, wood, brick, stucco,...
Janet:
It’s mainly brick.
Agent:
Great - that will give you a lower rate than most other materials since it is so strong.
Janet:
Wonderful!
Agent:
And do you have any sort of home security, Ms.Evans?
Janet:
Um, we don’t have a fence or anything yet, but we have an alarm system that we use regularly.
Agent:
Good.
Agent:
Now I’ll go through a number of things we offer coverage for, and I’d like you to tell me which items you want your policy to cover.
Janet:
Okay.
Agent:
We’ll start with the building itself first - would you like us to cover incidental damage to the structure to your house?
Janet:
Absolutely.
Agent:
Splendid. And the contents inside your house - we usually cover all items with an appraised value above £200.
Agent:
Would you like us to cover theft and damage beyond natural wear-and-tear?
Agent:
I will let you know that the second option here will come with a considerable increase in your rates.
Janet:
I think I’d just like the contents of the house to be covered against theft then.
Agent:
Alright - and would you like any other insurance - fire, flood, etc?
Janet:
Yes - definitely want flood coverage. It rains a lot here, and the drainage system in the area is not the greatest.
Agent:
Okay. I am calculating your quotation now. It will just take a second. (Two seconds pause) It looks like your annual insurance rate will be £148.30.
Janet:
Thanks, that seems somewhat reasonable. I would like to take some time to think about it. How long does it take to begin receiving coverage after signing up?
Agent:
It depends on the time of year - it can take anywhere from two to six weeks. I would say if you sign up by July 1st, you could start your coverage by August 1st.
Janet:
I see. Okay, thanks for your help. Should I call you back at this number when I have made my decision?
Agent:
Yes, please. And so that we can look up your account faster, I’ll give you a reference number that you should provide when calling. Ready?
Janet:
Yep!
Agent:
It’s TR278Q.
Janet:
Got it. Thanks!
Agent:
Thank you, and have a nice day!

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
Greenway
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về địa chỉ của Janet

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau câu hỏi “Could you give me the address?”





Janet trả lời “Sure, it’s 49 Greenway Court"

Và Janet còn nói thêm “Greenway is one word”.

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2
pk2@cat.com
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Thông tin còn thiếu là địa chỉ email

=> Đáp án đến sau câu hỏi “and what is your email address?”





Janet trả lời rằng “pk2@cat.com

Sau đó agent còn hỏi lại “did you say “cat,” as in the animal?” và Janet trả lời là đúng

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3
5.30 p.m
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về thời gian thích hợp nhất để liên hệ

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe “and the best time to reach you?” (reach = contact)



Sau đó, Janet nói rằng: “I am generally unable to answer my phone at work, but anytime after 5.30 p.m is fine

=> Có thể liên hệ bất cứ lúc nào từ 5.30 pm => Đáp án: 5.30 p.m



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4
80
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về kích cỡ của property ( ____ m2)

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau câu hỏi của “Could you tell me the size of your house?





Và câu trả lời từ câu trả lời của Janet “…I’m pretty sure it’s right around 80 square metres.”

=> Đáp án: 80



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5
brick
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là chất liệu của ngôi nhà

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau câu hỏi “And what material is your house made of?”





Sau đó, câu trả lời của Janet là “It’s mainly brick.”

=> Đáp án: brick



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6
alarm system
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về biện pháp an ninh của căn nhà

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau “And do you have any sort of home security…?”





Sau đó Janet trả lời rằng “Um, we don’t have a fence or anything yet, but we have an alarm system that we use regularly”.

=> Nhà cô ấy có hệ thống báo động => Đáp án: alarm system



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7
flood
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo đến mục coverage

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau “Now I’ll go through a number of things we offer coverage for…”





Sau khi đã nói về building content (ý tới trước), agent hỏi “Alright - and would you like any other insurance - fire, flood, etc?”

Janet trả lời “Yes - I definitely want flood coverage…”

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8
148.30
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về mức giá được báo

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau “Okay. I am calculating your quotation now.”





Sau đó có trích dẫn “It looks like your annual insurance rate will be £148.30

=> Đáp án:148.30



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9
1 August/August 1 (st)/August 1st
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là ngày bắt đầu tính bảo hiểm

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe “How long does it take to begin receiving coverage after signing up?”





Và có câu trẻ lời“…I would say if you sign up by July 1st, you could start your coverage by August 1st.”

=> Nếu đăng ký vào July 1st thì sẽ có hiệu lực từ August 1st => Đáp án: August 1st



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10
TR278Q
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án sẽ đến sau câu nói “…I’ll give you a reference number…”



Agent nói “It’s TR278Q

=> Đáp án: TR278Q



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Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 14
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
11
The top two proposals for the design of the swimming pool were chosen by
A
the public
B
the radio station
C
architects
12
What is special about the pool’s construction?
A
It was constructed by the people
B
Its architectural style is one-of-a-kind
C
It is the first pool in Bridgewater
13
News reports covering the new pool expressed concerns over
A
price
B
safety
C
size
14
What factor of the pool’s Grand Opening remains undecided?
A
who will host
B
the exact opening time
C
what sculpture will be in the foyer
Question 15 - 20
What’s the theme of each continent based on the rooms of the clubhouse?
Choose SIX answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-H.
List of Findings
A
film and music
B
mountains
C
space travel
D
jewelry
E
animals
F
waterways
G
volcano
H
ancient forts
15
Asia
16
Antarctica
17
Africa
18
North America
19
Europe
20
South America

❓ Tapescript section 2

The Pool For The People
00:00
Hey if you’re just joining us on WKPX “The Sound”, welcome.
We’re here in the studio with Matt and Cam in the morning we’re talking about keeping the kids occupied on summer vacation.
Folks, there’s a new kid in town in the world of summer fun.
Get ready for the Pool for the People, a pool and outdoor venue created by - that’s right - the people.
Scheduled to open in November, the ideas for everything from the design of the pool right down to the items sold in the snack bar have been decided upon by a sample of 1,050 members of the public.
The public selected two top proposals from over a dozen created by renowned architect Ned Mosby, and the final design is truly something else.
The pool is shaped like a fishbowl, sinking down into the ground, and there’s - you guessed it - a real, live fish tank in the centre! It’s certainly the centre of attention in the Bridgewater area.
Now, you are probably wondering how much an extravagance like this must cost right?
Well, have no fear. At just £15 for adults and £10 for kids, it’s an affordable way to entertain the kids in those dog days of summer.
The only problem now is the possibility that it will in fact become too popular!
The pool is only so large, so swarms of people coming to enjoy it may cause quite a crowd in its first summer of opening.
There will be an opening party for a select audience, and in line with the pool’s mission, the people have decided on all the arrangements.
They collectively decided on actress Rebel Wilson to host the festivities scheduled for later this month, and even dictated the playlist by ranking their top 10 songs from a list of hundreds.
There is some discrepancy, however, on the sculpture design for the foyer at the entrance.
The people elected a jellyfish sculpture to greet entering visitors, but given last week’s vicious attack by a box jellyfish on a local youth, coordinators fear it will bring too much fear to patrons.
The theme of the clubhouse is set to be “international waters” with a different section representing each continent, designed by the legendary local artist Roberta Anuzzi.
Representing Asia in the reception area will be a mosaic made up of prominent animals indigenous to the continent - a camel, a panda, and the Siberian white tiger, to name a few.
In the West lounge, feel the cool, icy vibes of the Transantarctic Mountains of Antarctica.
Makes you cold just thinking about it, doesn’t it? Just seeing a wall with a mural of the glacial mountains is almost enough to cool you off on a December afternoon.
Why not make the trip to the pool a social studies lesson at the same time?
The theme in the lade’s lounge room for Africa may not be what you expected.
A safari? Drum music? The Nile River? No, did you know that Africa was home to the first jewelry? I sure didn’t.
By contrast, as you may expect, North America’s theme for the card room is as modern - even futuristic - as it gets.
Anuzzi created for North America a sort of absurdist print interestingly juxtaposing the moon landing of 1969 with an abstract depiction of humans living on Mars.
Seems to me like an interesting commentary on the future of space exploration.
And in the men’s lounge room, the ancient forts of Sparta, Rome, Greece, and other European civilizations fittingly exhibit the strength and combatant characteristics of these societies.
Finally, the cafe and breakfast room area is an enchanting round room that draws all attention to its centre - where there is a strikingly realistic sculpture of a volcano.
The delicious food may actually be only the second most exciting part of this room in comparison to the 9-foot statue complete with brightly colored molten lava to characterise South America.
Honestly, it is like a museum visiting each room of the clubhouse. Why not make the trip to the pool an educational one for the kids?
We’re going to take a quick commercial break here at WKPX, but we’ll be back in 10 with more on what’s touted to be the Summer’s Hottest Place to Beat the Heat...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi nghe speaker đề cập tới “the design of the pool

=> Đáp án sẽ xuất hiện sau đó

Sau đó, chúng ta có thể nghe thấy “The public selected two top proposals from over a dozen created by renowned architect”.

=> Đáp án là A





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12
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem “the pool’s construction” có gì đặc biệt

Ta nghe thấy người nói nói “The pool is shaped like a fishbowl” và sau đó là “It’s certainly the centre of attention in the Bridgewater area.”

=> Center of attention ~ special ~ one-of-a-kind (độc nhất vô nhị) => Ý nói style của nó là điều đặc biệt => Đáp án là B



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13
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem new reports quan tâm về điều gì

Nghe thấy “The only problem now is [...] The pool is only so large, so swarms of people coming to enjoy it may cause quite a crowd in its first summer of opening”,

=> Mình có thể thấy reports quan tâm về size của hồ => Đáp án là C



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14
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem yếu tố nào của ngày khai trương chưa được quyết định

Nghe thấy “There is some discrepancy, however, on the sculpture design for the foyer at the entrance

=> Nhấn mạnh rằng vẫn chưa có quyết định về thiết kế điêu khắc cho tiền sảnh ở lối vào => Đáp án là C



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15
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ta cần nghe về chủ đề của căn phòng đại diện cho “Châu Á”

Mình nghe thấy “Representing Asia in the reception area will be a mosaic made up of prominent animals indigenous to the continent.”

=> Chủ đề cho châu Á là các loài động vật nổi bật bản địa của châu lục => Đáp án là E



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16
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Ta cần nghe về chủ đề của căn phòng đại diện cho "Antarctica"



Nghe thấy “In the West lounge, feel the cool, icy vibes of the Transantarctic Mountains of Antarctica

=> Phòng khách phía Tây là phòng đại diện cho Antarctica, được trang trí theo chủ đề “núi" => Đáp án là B



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17
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Chúng ta cần tìm ra chủ đề của căn phòng đại diện cho “Châu Phi





Người nói lần lượt nói "The theme in the lady’s lounge room for Africa may not be what you expected. A safari? Drum music? The Nile River?"



Nhưng sau đó anh ấy nói “No, did you know that Africa was home to the first jewelry? I sure didn’t”.

=> Speaker khẳng định rằng Africa nổi tiếng với jewelry (là nơi sản xuất jewelry) => Ý nói căn phòng trang trí theo chủ đề jewelry => Đáp án là D



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18
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ta cần tìm hiểu chủ đề của căn phòng đại diện cho “Bắc Mỹ” là gì

Mình nghe thấy ".... North America [...] juxtaposing the moon landing of 1969 with an abstract depiction of humans living on Mars"

Và "seems to me like an interesting commentary on the future of space exploration"

=> Speaker đề cập tới 'moon landing' và 'humans living on Mars' => Chủ đề của căn phòng là về space travel (=space exploration) => Đáp án là C



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19
H
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ta cần chỉ ra chủ đề của căn phòng đại diện cho “Châu Âu” là gì

Nghe thấy "And in the men's lounge room, the ancient forts of Sparta, Rome, Greece, and other European civilizations fittingly exhibit ..."

=> Phòng này lấy chủ đề ancient forts (pháo đài cổ) của các nước châu Âu => Đáp án là H



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20
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ta cần tìm ra chủ đề của căn phòng đại diện cho “Nam Mỹ”

Nghe thấy “The delicious food [...] 9-foot statue complete with brightly colored molten lava to characterise South America.”

=> Bức tượng nham thạch nóng chảy (=volcano) đại diện cho South America => Đáp án là G



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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 25
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
Which part has the tutor already read?
A
the introductory chapter
B
the procedure section
C
the results and discussion section
22
Which part of the paper did the tutor like
A
ntroduction
B
layout
C
background information
23
Kathy and the tutor both agree to continue to
A
refer a lot to the example received in class
B
copy the information
C
conduct further research in the library
24
Kathy asks the tutor for help with the _____ section
A
abstract
B
bibliography
C
appendix
25
What will Kathy do next?
A
try out software
B
work on the bibliography
C
make an animation
Question 26 - 30
What is the desired outcome to each of the following course of action? Choose FIVE answer from the box and write the correct letter, A-F.
List of Findings
A
practical experience
B
publish the work
C
join Machine Engineer Society
D
give suggestions
E
stay up to date
F
make important contacts
26
Make a good grade
27
Meet engineering professionals
28
Visit the factory
29
Seek summer internships
30
Present dissertation

❓ Tapescript section 3

Suggestions For Your Future Presentation
00:00
Tutor:
Before we start, Jimmy and Kathy, thanks for coming in today to talk about your current research paper!
Tutor:
Well, I will also give you some suggestions for your future presentation later.
Jimmy:
That’s great!
Tutor:
Okay, I have read the introductory chapter, and so far I like where you’re going with your research, you two.
Kathy:
Thanks! What did you think of the procedure section?
Tutor:
I haven’t gotten there yet. I will get to that and the results and discussion section in a bit.
Jimmy:
Oh. If you haven’t read the rest, are you just saying you like the introduction?
Tutor:
No - the layout is really well done. You have each section clearly marked and have the header and footer perfectly formatted, and your title page is right on the money.
Tutor:
A lot of students have trouble with that one.
Jimmy:
To be honest, we did refer a lot to the example we received in class.
Tutor:
That’s good to do for spacing and layout, as long as you’re not also copying the information.
Tutor:
The background information is a little spare, though. You may want to add it.
Kathy:
You think so? I was more worried about whether I had enough data.
Tutor:
You definitely need more background information. I would think about finding some more online articles or doing more research in the campus library.
Jimmy:
That’s a good idea - we can go tomorrow. I find it too tough finding the subject matter in the online journal database.
Tutor:
I also like being able to flip through the physical journal as opposed to trying to scroll down on a computer.
Kathy:
Me too. Oh, I almost forgot. I’ve included all of my citations in the abstract, but could you help me with the bibliography?
Kathy:
I should be using a bibliography, right? Not an appendix?
Tutor:
Sure, I can help with that. Yes - for this type of scientific research paper, list all sources that you cite in the body of your paper in a bibliography.
Tutor:
Go to the website I gave you last time to see the exact way to list each source.
Kathy:
Okay, thanks. I’ll do that. We still have a lot of things to fix up.
Tutor:
Yeah, but there’s a lot of good stuff here to work with. So enough about the paper, how is the presentation going?
Kathy:
Well, it’s alright. I am going to go try out the new presentation software while Jimmy’s working on the bibliography.
Jimmy:
Yeah, we are going to make an animation of an actual pump but still have a lot to learn about how to do that.
Kathy:
Who would have thought before we started this project that we would be able to recreate the motion of a pump? This stuff is just so interesting.
Tutor:
So glad to hear it!
Jimmy:
Yeah, I am glad I took engineering this semester. I would definitely like to keep up with it.
Tutor:
You know, there’s an organization called the Machine Engineering Society. You should look into joining it.
Tutor:
You would need to score well in your engineering class to qualify, but I think you can do it.
Kathy:
Hm, interesting. I will definitely check it out.
Kathy:
I would really like to get in contact with some professionals in the engineering field to find out more.
Kathy:
I don’t really know anyone in the field now, though.
Jimmy:
I think if you keep meeting people in your classes and professors you’ll be able to get in contact with some really helpful people.
Tutor:
Well said, Jimmy. If engineering pumps is something you both are specifically interested in, make sure you stay up to date on new developments.
Tutor:
In fact, you could visit the local water treatment facility periodically to see what new developments are going on.
Kathy:
Hm, that may be a good way to get some practical experience.
Tutor:
Well, I don’t think they would let you handle any equipment by just visiting the facility.
Tutor:
If you really want to get your hands dirty, so to speak, I would recommend instead seeking a summer internship.
Kathy:
Wow, you have so many helpful suggestions for getting a leg up.
Kathy:
Now if only you could tell me how to get my work published!
Jimmy:
Haha, wouldn’t that be nice.
Tutor:
Well, honestly, all you really need to do is once you have a dissertation, present it.
Tutor:
Present it often and to many audiences, and once you get feedback, adjust it. I’ll get published one day.
Kathy:
Wow, this meeting has been truly inspiring. Thanks for your help!

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Ta cần để ý đến là phần mà gia sư đã đọc



Đáp án ở trong câu “I have read the introductory chapter

=> Đáp án là A



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22
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Ta cần nghe về phần mà tutor thích

Khi ta nghe câu hỏi của Jimmy “Oh. If you haven’t read the rest, are you just saying you like the introduction?”

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau đó

Tuy nhiên, câu trả lời của gia sư: “No”

=> Loại đáp án A



Xem full giải thích
23
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Thông tin cần tìm là cả Kathy và the tutor đều đồng ý tiếp tục làm gì

Đầu tiên, Jimmy nói là ''To be honest, we did refer a lot to the example we received in class.''

=> Họ đã dẫn rất nhiều ví dụ rồi, do đó họ không cần đưa thêm các ví dụ nữa => Loại đáp án A



Sau đó, giáo viên có bảo là ''as long as you’re not also copying the information''

=> Mình không được phép copy nguyên thông tin vào => Loại đáp án B



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24
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về phần mà Kathy cần trợ giúp từ gia sư.



Kathy nói rằng “but could you help me with bibliography?”

=> Đáp án là B



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25
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem Kathy làm gì tiếp theo



Chúng ta nghe thấy “I am going to go try out the new presentation software

=> Đáp án là A



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26
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Gia sư nói rằng “there’s an organisation called the Machine Engineer Society. You should look into joining it. You would need to score well in your engineering class”.

=> Theo câu này, bạn cần score well (make a good grade) ở lớp engineering để tham gia Machine Engineer Society => Đáp án là C



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27
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "I would really like to get in contact with some professionals in the engineering fields"

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau đó





Sau đó Jimmy nói, nếu gặp những chuyên gia trong cùng lĩnh vực, "you’ll be able to get in contact with some really helpful people."

=> Có thể có được những mối liên lạc quan trọng. => Đáp án là F



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28
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Gia sư nói rằng “make sure you stay up to date on new developments. In fact, you could visit the local water treatment facility periodically

=> Thăm cơ sở xử lý nước để cập nhật những cải tiến mới (Visit the local water treatment facility = Visit the factory) => Đáp án là E



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29
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi Kathy bàn về cách có thêm kinh nghiệm thực tiễn, tutor đã trả lời “If you really want to get your hands dirty, so to speak, I would recommend instead seeking a summer internship

=> Gợi ý về việc tìm vị trí thực tập mùa hè nếu muốn “get your hands dirty" (= gain pratical experience) => Đáp án là A



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30
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án sẽ xuất hiện sau “once you have a dissertation, present it”



Thông tin “Present it often and to many audiences, and once you get feedback, adjust it. You’ll get published one day

=> Cho biết rằng họ nên xuất bản luận văn của mình => Đáp án là B



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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer
AN OVERVIEW OF THE RESEARCH ON AMBER
Amber: a fossilized tree resin, which may be produced to protect itself against
31
and fungi.
Color:
  • Usual yellow, orange, or brown

  • Uncommon colors e.g. blue (what causes the blue color in amber is related to the occurrence of

    32
    .)

Formation:
  • Under sustained

    33
    and pressure

  • During an

    34
    stage between resins and amber, copal is produced.

Places and Conditions:
  • Commonly found on

    35
    e.g. in Russia

  • Avoid exposure to

    36
    , rain, and temperature extremes

Inclusions:
  • Dominican amber: 1 inclusion to every 100 pieces

  • Baltic amber: 1 inclusion to every

    37
    pieces

Uses and applications:
  • It can be used to make ornamental objects and jewelry in

    38
    settings.

  • Some people believe that its powder mixed with

    39
    cures throat, eye and ear diseases.

  • It has even been used as a

    40
    material, for instance using it to create Amber Room.

❓ Tapescript section 4

An Overview Of The Research On Amber
00:00
Tonight I’m going to present an overview of the research on amber.
Okay, I’ll start by giving a brief introduction about amber, then talk about the formation of amber, and then describe amber’s applications in different fields.
First of all, what is amber?
Amber is not a stone, but is ancient, fossilised tree resin, which is the semi-solid amorphous organic substance secreted in pockets and canals through epithelial cells of the plant.
And why is resin produced?
Although there are contrasting views as to why resin is produced, it is a plant’s protection mechanism.
The resin may be produced to protect the tree from disease and injury inflicted by insects and fungi.
Amber occurs in a range of different colors.
Besides the usual yellow, orange, and brown, other uncommon colors are also associated with it.
Interestingly, blue amber, the rarest Dominican amber, is highly sought after.
It is only found in Santiago, Dominican Republic.
There are several theories about what causes the blue color in amber.
The most common one links it to the occurrence of volcanic dust that was present when the resin was first pressed out from hymenaea protera millions of years ago.
At this point you might be curious about how amber is formed.
Molecular polymerisation, resulting from high pressures and temperatures produced by overlying sediment, transforms the resin first into copal.
Sustained heat and pressure drives off terpenes and results in the formation of amber.
Copal that I’ve just mentioned is also a tree resin but it hasn’t fully fossilized to amber.
More generally, the term copal describes resinous substances in an intermediate stage of polymerization and hardening between “gummier” resins and amber.
So where can we find amber?
It can be found on sea shores.
The main producer worldwide is Russia.
In fact about 90% of the world’s available amber is located in the Kaliningrad region of Russia, which is located on the Baltic.
Here, the resin is washed up on the coast after being dislodged from the ocean floor by years of water and ocean currents.
However, exposure to sunlight, rain , and temperate extremes tends to disintegrate resin.
This also indicates that amber is not really an ideal fossil preservative for most uses.
We’ve already learned that amber is made of tree resin.
It often includes insects that were trapped within the tree many millions of years ago.
A piece with a visible and well-arranged insect is generally valued much higher than simple, solid amber.
One Dominican amber source reported finding a butterfly with a five-inch wing spread; this is both a large and unusual find; most butterfly specimens have no more than a two-inch wingspan.
Inclusions in Dominican amber are numerous - 1 inclusion to every 100 pieces; Baltic amber contains approximately 1 inclusion to every 1,000 pieces.
Now that you have a basic knowledge of amber, I’d like to talk a bit about amber’s application in different fields.
First, amber is appreciated for its color and beauty.
Good quality amber is used to manufacture ornamental objects and jewelry, for instance using a variety of exclusive first class quality natural Baltic amber with silver to make natural amber jewelry.
But due to the biodegradation of Amber fossils, people with amber jewelry have to take special care of it, to ensure that the amber is not damaged.
It was previously believed that amber worn on the neck served to protect one from diseases of the throat and preserved the sound mind.
Kalistrate, a famous doctor in the Roman Empire wrote that amber powder mixed with honey cures throat, eye and ear diseases, and if it is taken with water, eases stomach ache.
While the mystery around that use of amber has not been cleared, one thing is sure: it will help effectively to defeat small malaises.
Amber has ever been used as a building material.
Amber created the altar in St. Brygida Church in Gdansk, Poland. In St. Petersburg, Rusia, the walls of the famous Amber Room were lined with intricate carvings and inlaid designs.
This palace room is being reconstructed from photographs, and can be visited at the Catherine Palace, located in the town of Tsarskoye Selo.
And finally, the fourth use of amber is that…

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
insects
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem amber bảo vệ cái cây khỏi cái gì, bên cạnh fungi

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau “what is amber?”

Người nói đề cập đến “The resin may be produced to protect the tree from disease and injury inflicted by insects and fungi

=> Resin có thể được tạo ra để bảo vệ cây khỏi bệnh tật và tổn thương do côn trùng nấm gây ra => Đáp án: insects



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32
volcanic dust
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem hiện tượng nào khiến amber có màu xanh

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau There are several theories about what causes the blue color in amber





Tiếp theo, người nói đề cập rằng “The most common one links it to the occurrence of volcanic dust”.

=> Màu xanh có liên quan đến hiện tượng bụi núi lửa => Đáp án: volcanic dust



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33
heat
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là về sự hình thành của amber, loại từ cần điền là danh từ

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe “how amber is formed





Sau đó có câu giải thích “Sustained heat and pressure drives off terpenes and results in the formation of amber

=> Có nghĩ là amber được tạo ra dưới sustained heat and pressure => Đáp án: heat



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34
intermediate
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem ở giai đoạn nào copal được tạo ra



Nghe thấy "copal describes resinous substances in an intermediate stage of (...) between “gummier” resins and amber."

=> Copal được tạo ra ở giai đoạn trung gian giữa resins và amber" => Đáp án: intermediate





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35
sea shores
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về vị trí mà có thể tìm thấy hổ phách

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau “So where can we find amber?”

Sau đó, chúng ta sẽ nghe thấy “It can be found on sea shores

=> Đáp án: sea shores



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36
sunlight
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem mà hổ phách nên tránh tiếp xúc với cái gì





Người nói đề cập rằng “However, exposure to sunlight, rain, and temperature extremes tends to disintegrate resin”.

=> Tiếp xúc với sunlight, rain, temperature extremes có thể disintegrate resin => Có thể bạn không biết disintegrate (tan rã) là gì, nhưng nhờ biết được thông tin cần điền song song với rain, and temperature extremes nên dễ dàng suy ra đáp án là sunlight => Đáp án: sunlight



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37
1000
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Từ thông tin cho sẵn ở trên, ta biết cần điền một số vào chỗ trống



Đầu tiên, chúng ta có thể nghe thấy “Inclusions in Dominican amber are numerous - 1 inclusion to every 100 pieces

=> Biết đáp án sắp xuất hiện

Sau đó hổ phách Baltic được nhắc đến

=> "Baltic amber contains approximately 1 inclusion to every 1,000 pieces”. => Đáp án: 1000



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38
silver
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về ứng dụng của amber

=> Đáp án sẽ đến sau “I’d like to talk a bit about amber’s applications in different fields

Mình nghe thấy “using (...) Baltic amber with silver to make natural amber jewelry”

=> Sử dụng hổ phách với bạc để làm đồ trang sức hổ phách tự nhiên => Có nghĩa là "make ornamental objects and jewelry in silver settings" => Đáp án : silver



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39
honey
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem bột hổ phách mixed với cái gì sẽ “cure throat, eye and ear diseases”



Theo người nói,“amber powder mixed with honey cures throat, eye and ear diseases”

=> Trộn với mật ong chữa các bệnh => Đáp án là honey



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40
building
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem hổ phách đã được sử dụng như nguyên liệu gì



Nghe thấy rằng “Amber has even been used as a building material

=> Hổ phách thậm chí đã được sử dụng làm vật liệu xây dựng => Đáp án: building



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