Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 1 - Listening Test 5 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test IELTS Actual Test 1 - Listening Test 5 được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 1 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 1 - Listening Test 5 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the table below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

❓ Tapescript section 1

Apartment Rental In Calgary’s Market
00:00
AGENT:
Good afternoon and welcome to Habitat Hunters. You must be Joseph.
RENTER:
Yes, that’s right. You said on the phone that I could come by at 2:00. Sorry, I’m a little early.
AGENT:
No problem at all. In Calgary’s market, you have to move fast if you want a good apartment!
RENTER:
Actually, I’d settle for almost anything. I’ve been here ten days and the hotel is ruining me. My father has me on a strict budget.
AGENT:
Sit right down here now, sir. Let’s talk a little about the places before we go have a look. Now, we have four apartments available.
RENTER:
OK, could you tell me more about those four apartments?
AGENT:
Sure. The first one is on Beatle Road, just a block off-campus. It’s a 3-bedroom with a bathroom and a living room and a great Italian restaurant right next to it.
RENTER:
How much?
AGENT:
Well, it’s $435 a month, including Internet and utilities.
RENTER:
Okay, that sounds reasonable. Any drawbacks to the house?
AGENT:
There’s a really big garden, but it hasn’t been taken care of over the years and is just too big to clean up nicely.
RENTER:
Hmm. That sounds okay. Tell me about the next option.
AGENT:
The other 3-bedroom apartment is on Oakington Avenue on campus. It is right near the building where you have classes, and the kitchen and living room are
RENTER:
Wow, that sounds like a pretty good option.
AGENT:
Well, it is a cool apartment, but since it’s a dormitory, the living room, bathroom, kitchen, and washing machine are all shared. It would be nice not to have to buy living room furniture, though.
RENTER:
And how much is this one?
AGENT:
$400 per month for a bedroom with an air conditioner. For a bedroom without an air conditioner, you would pay less, $340 for it.
RENTER:
Yikes, even with the air conditioner, it sounds really inconvenient to have to share facilities. I’ll never cook if I have to walk down the hall to use the kitchen.
AGENT:
Yeah, that’s true.
AGENT:
Anyway, the next place is a 2-bedroom on Mead Street.
RENTER:
Oh, I like Mead Street - that’s off campus, right?
AGENT:
Yep. It’s pretty cool, but it only has 2 bedrooms, plus a living room and a study.
RENTER:
But I want to live together with my two friends.
AGENT:
So you could make the study into a small bedroom if you end up living with them.
RENTER:
Also, we guys want a TV and DVD player since we’re all so much into movies.
AGENT:
Well, this place has a great TV and VCR, but no DVD player.
RENTER:
No DVD? That’s so weird. Are any other facilities provided?
AGENT:
As you said, weird enough, it also comes with a washbasin.
RENTER:
Is there a washing machine? I think we need that more than just a washbasin.
AGENT:
I'm afraid there’s no washing machine in the apartment.
RENTER:
Wow, that’s so old-fashioned! Maybe it’s not the best choice for three college guys. How much is it?
AGENT:
Well, it’s $600 per month, but of course it would be cheaper if you made it into 3 bedrooms instead of 2.
RENTER:
Where is this apartment located?
AGENT:
It’s 2500 Mead Street, where there are a lot of bars.
RENTER:
It would be affordable, but it would get pretty noisy. And that sounds really expensive for an old place in a noisy area. How about the last place?
AGENT:
This one’s on-campus in the Devon Close complex. It’s a one-bedroom, so it will be a little quieter than the Mead Street place.
RENTER:
One bedroom, huh? That could be good for focusing on my studies. What else does it have?
AGENT:
It comes with a living room and a study, and includes a really nice lamp in the study that has a bunch of different settings. You know what else is cool? There’s a dining hall downstairs so all evening meals are free. You can purchase breakfast and lunch, but meals after 6 p.m. are free.
RENTER:
Wow, this place sounds too good to be true. Is it really expensive?
AGENT:
It’s alright - $500 per month, but there’s no bathroom.
RENTER:
What? No bathroom?
AGENT:
Well, there’s no bathroom in the apartment, but there’s one at the end of the hall.
RENTER:
Hmm. Thanks, I think now I just have to decide whether I want to live alone or not.
AGENT:
Yeah, which one do you prefer?
RENTER:
I think I’d choose either this apartment or the one on Beatle Road.
AGENT:
OK. You’d better think about it, and then you can contact me ASAP.
RENTER:
Fine, thanks for your help!
AGENT:
You’re welcome...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
living room
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là loại phòng

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Beatle Road"

Sau đó nghe liệt kê các căn phòng bên trong gồm "3-bedroom with a bathroom and a living room"

=> Đáp án: a living room



Xem full giải thích
2
435
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là giá thuê nhà

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "how much?"

Sau đó nghe "it’s $435 a month"

=> Đáp án: 435



Xem full giải thích
3
washing machine
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về những tiện nghi bên trong căn nhà

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Oakington Avenue"

Sau đó nghe "the living room, bathroom, kitchen, and washing machine are all shared."

=> Đáp án: washing machine



Xem full giải thích
4
inconvenient
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về tính hạn chế của căn nhà vì có các tiện ích được chia sẻ

Sau đó nghe "it sounds really inconvenient to have to share facilities."

=> Rất bất tiện khi phải chia sẻ các tiện ích => Đáp án: inconvenient



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5
a study
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là loại phòng trong nhà

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới kh nghe "the next place is a 2-bedroom on Mead Street."

Sau đó nghe "it only has 2 bedrooms, plus a liv­ing room and a study."

=> Đáp án: a study



Xem full giải thích
6
washbasin
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là vật dụng được cung cấp

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Are any other facilities provided?"





Tiếp đó nghe "it also comes with a washbasin"

=> Được cung cấp chậu rửa => Đáp án: washbasin



Xem full giải thích
7
noisy
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về điểm hạn chế của nơi này



Nghe thấy "there are a lot of bars" và "it would get pretty noisy'

=> Đáp án: noisy



Xem full giải thích
8
different settings
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem đèn ngủ có gì



Khi bạn nghe "What else does it have?" (đang hỏi về facilities)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới





Sau đó nghe "includes a really nice lamp in the study that has a bunch of different settings"

Xem full giải thích
9
evening meals
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là thứ được cung cấp miễn phí



Mình nghe thấy "There’s a dining hall downstairs so all evening meals are free."

=> Bữa tối được miễn phí => Đáp án: evening meals



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10
bathroom
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem mặt hạn chế của nơi này (not including __ )



Sau đó nghe "$500 per month, but there’s no bathroom."

=> $500 nhưng not including bathroom => Đáp án: bathroom



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 20
Complete the form below.
Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Waste sorting, collection, and disposal

❓ Tapescript section 2

Waste Sorting, Collection, And Disposal
00:00
Hi folks, my name is Loretta Johnston, and I’m here from the Baltimore Department of Public Waste. Thank you for coming out to our community meeting tonight. I’ve got a few words to say about the waste collection here in Baltimore.
First, there’s the sorted collection bins themselves. They’re made of sturdy, solid material, so none of your trash can seep out or puncture the bin. Also, since these things sit out on the curb overnight rain or shine, they have to be waterproof.
We can’t have water getting up in it and filling up the bin. Remember to pay attention to which bin is which, and sort your waste accordingly. You should have a blue or green bin for recyclable garbage, a yellow bin for unrecyclable garbage, and a red bin for toxic waste.
Our citywide waste management is divided into two services. The first is commercial waste collection, or trash collection from buildings. The majority of building waste is paper, which goes in the blue or green bins.
You’ll notice in your office buildings there are signs that warn you not to overfill these bins. All that paper adds up, and an overflowing bin is infinitely harder for collectors to carry to the truck and empty.
Aside from paper, another large source of building waste is metals. Metals such as tin and aluminium can be put in the yellow recycle bins, but metals like lead and copper should be disposed of in the red bins. These heavy metals are harmful to the environment and exacerbate our city’s existing pollution problem.
That’s about all the information you need for building waste. Moving on to the second service, household waste collection is probably what you primarily think of when you think of what we do here...
Many of the same guidelines apply - the sorting is the same, et cetera. Please remember to keep garbage like kitchen waste in a plastic bag. It makes collection easier and lessens the abominable rotten-trash smell.
So after we take your trash away, what happens to it? We take all the garbage to one of a number of garbage disposal plants, each of which is located in the middle of an open space of some sort.
No one wants to have their home or office right next door to a waste disposal plant, right? Waste is collected and then disposed of once every four weeks.
A lot of trash can build up in that time, so we’re in the process of developing a plan to fund collection more frequently. Ideally it would be collected weekly, but we will likely have to settle for biweekly. The garbage trucks make their rounds to clear the bins at night in order to avoid traffic.
I’m sure you’ve seen how much waste your own household produces in a given week. Now imagine all the trash produced by all the households in Baltimore. It’s a lot, right? It may surprise you that this amount is only marginal compared to commercial waste.
Yep, the main waste producers are actually businesses, industrial facilities, retail, and offices. Hard to believe humans produce that much waste, right? No wonder we have pollution problems!
Anyway, after all incoming waste is sorted, recyclables are sent to a recycling plant, while garbage and toxic waste are transported to their respective areas of the plant for treatment. Items such as stones, which should not be disposed of in our bins, are separated out and discarded.
Once the trash has undergone the treatment process, it is compacted and disposed of with all the other trash and finally, when the landfill space is full, it is buried deep underground and in time something new is built on the land.
That’s everything about waste collection. Thank you for listening. Are there any questions?

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
waterproof
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về các đặc điểm mà thùng rác nên có



Khi bạn nghe "sorted collection bins...made of sturdy, solid material" (ứng với đặc điểm thứ nhất của thùng rác trên đề)

=> Đáp án sắp tới



Sau đó nghe "also, ..., they have to be waterproof"

=> Thùng rác phải waterproof => Đáp án: waterproof



Xem full giải thích
12
building
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Từ cần điền: adjective/noun chỉ loại rác thải



Khi bạn nghe nhắc đến "commercial waste collection"

=> Biết đáp án sắp vào

Sau đó nghe "The majority of building waste is paper" (majority" = mainly)

=> Đáp án: building



Xem full giải thích
13
overfill
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là hành động không nên làm với thùng rác xanh dương/xanh lá

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "blue or greenbins"



Sau đó nghe " there are signs that warn you not to overfill these bins."

=> Có biển cảnh báo bạn không nên đổ đầy các thùng rác này => Đáp án: overfill



Xem full giải thích
14
heavy
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về loại kim loại gây ô nhiễm môi trường



Nghe thấy "These heavy metals are harmful to the environment"

=> Kim loại nặng gây nguy hiểm cho môi trường => Đáp án: heavy



Xem full giải thích
15
plastic
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về loại túi nên được dùng để đựng rác phòng ăn



Nghe thấy "Please remember to keep garbage like kitchen waste in a plastic bag"

=> Rác phòng ăn nên được bỏ vào túi nilon => Đáp án: plastic



Xem full giải thích
16
open
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về đặc điểm nơi các nhà máy xử lí rác được đặt

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "a number of garbage disposal plants" (nhà máy xử lý rác)





Sau đó nghe "each of which is located in the middle of an open space of some sort"

=> Các nhà máy này nằm ở giữa open space => Đáp án: open



Xem full giải thích
17
4 weeks
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về tần suát xử lý rác thải



Sau đó nghe "Waste is collected and then disposed of once every four weeks."

=> Rác được xử lý một lần mỗi 4 tuần => Đáp án: 4 weeks



Xem full giải thích
18
traffic
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về lí do thùng rác được dọn dẹp vào ban đêm



Nghe thấy "garbage trucks make their rounds to clear the bins at night in order to avoid traffic"

=> Xe rác chỉ đi vào ban đêm để tránh traffic => Đáp án: traffic



Xem full giải thích
19
businesses
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem rác được thải chủ yếu từ nguồn nào



Khi bạn nghe "waste household" và "this amount is only marginal compared to commercial waste "

=> Rác thải hộ gia đình chỉ là rất nhỏ so với rác thải thương mại (ứng với industry, retail, and offices)

Sau đó nghe "the main waste producers are actually businesses, industrial facilities, retail, and offices"

=> Đáp án: businesses



Xem full giải thích
20
stones
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem vật gì không được vứt vào thùng rác



Sau đó nghe "Items such as stones, which should not be disposed of in our bins"

=> Không được vứt đá vào trong thùng rác => Đáp án: stones



Xem full giải thích

Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 24
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
21
The research topic should come from one of the headings in the


22
At least one reference needs to be from


23
The data Julie found on past experiments is in


24
Ricky has pointed out that aside from journals, he can also use

about scientific experiments.
Question 25 - 30
Choose the correct letter A, B or C
25
How should the essay be written?
A
single-spaced
B
double-spaced
C
double spaces
26
The main heading is required to be
A
italic
B
underlined
C
bold
27
Regarding all the requirements, the essay must be
A
handwritten
B
typed
C
both ways are acceptable
28
Where should the student number the pages?
A
top left corner
B
bottom right corner
C
top right corner
29
What is the suitable width of the margins?
A
325 pixels
B
3.25 pixels
C
3.25 centimeter
30
What should be included in the essay?
A
student's phone number
B
student's ID number
C
student's ID picture

❓ Tapescript section 3

A New Essay In Psychology
00:00
RICKY:
Hi, Julie, it’s Ricky.
JULIE:
Hi, Ricky, how are you? I noticed you weren’t in Psychology today.
RICKY:
I'm feeling sick, so I didn’t go to school today. Would you mind telling me what I missed in class?
JULIE:
Sure thing. I’m sorry you’re not feeling well! Anyway, we spent most of the class talking about a new essay that Professor Johnson assigned. You need to choose one of the bold headings from the note system and research it.
RICKY:
Wow, I picked the wrong day to miss class, huh?
JULIE:
You sure did.
RICKY:
Could you tell me the specific requirements of this paper?
JULIE:
Sure. You need to find scientific research that supports your claim as one of your references. It can be from some of the case studies we discussed in class, or you can find your own. Or even better, you can conduct your own research! I’m sure that would get you an
RICKY:
Have you decided what you’re going to do yet? Also, where are you getting your references?
JULIE:
Yeah, I’m going to research facial recognition by infants. I’ve already found a few experiments in scientific journals. That would probably be a good start for you - there are tons of journals in the library.
RICKY:
Great idea, thanks. I’m considering writing my essay on the effects of one of the psychotropic drugs we talked about in class. I’m sure there is lots of stuff about it on the Internet. Are we allowed to use information from the Internet?
JULIE:
Sure, you can use that as long as it’s not your main source for information. You’ll probably want to cite some of the experiments we went over.
RICKY:
Good idea, thanks. I’m gonna try to find some information from a bunch of different sources.
RICKY:
Are there any specifications on how the essay should be written?
JULIE:
Yeah, Professor Johnson wants it double-spaced. It should be between 6 to 10 pages long.
RICKY:
6 to 10 pages? That’s so much! It’s going to take forever.
JULIE:
I know. The whole class groaned when he said that. Anyway, you also need to put the title in italics, and...
RICKY:
Wait, each section heading, or just the main heading?
JULIE:
Only the main heading should be in italics. I think section titles are supposed to be in the same format, but maybe in bold. You’ll have to check that in class next time.
RICKY:
Oh okay. So I take it that the report has to be typed since there are so many requirements. What are the other formatting requirements?
JULIE:
Yep, it’s got to be typed. Aside from that, there are still a few more specifications. You should number each page. Make sure it goes up in the top right corner.
RICKY:
Okay, I’ll make sure to write that down. I always forget to number the pages. Do we need to title and date each page, too?
JULIE:
You need the shortened title on every page, but no need to include the date. That should just be on the cover page.
RICKY:
Okay, thanks.
JULIE:
No problem. Also, make sure the margins are 3.25 pixels wide..
RICKY:
What? I’m not even sure how to do that.
JULIE:
It’s okay, I can show you. It’s really easy. I think that’s all the directions he gave us. A lot of formatting requirements, but we have the freedom to research many things that we like, so that’s good. Oh, I almost forgot - remember to put down your ID number on your report.
RICKY:
Thanks so much for your help. I’ll see you in class Monday!
JULIE:
No problem, glad I could help. See you later.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
note system
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem các research topic nên được lấy từ đâu

Khi bạn nghe "Anyway, we spent most of the class talking about a new essay that Pro­fessor Johnson assigned"

Sau đó nghe "You need to choose one of the bold headings from the note system and research it"

=> Cần chọn 1 chủ đề từ những tiêu đề in đậm trong hệ thống ghi chú và nghiên cứu nó => Đáp án: note system



Xem full giải thích
22
scientific research
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ít nhất một reference phải được lấy ở đâu

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Could you tell me the specific requirements of this paper?" (hỏi về yêu cầu của paper)

Sau đó nghe "You need to find scientific research that supports your claim as one of your references."

=> Một trong các liệu tham khảo phải là những bài nghiên cứu khoa học => Đáp án: scientific research



Xem full giải thích
23
scientific journals
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là nguồn của dữ liệu mà Julie tìm thấy trong thử nghiệm trước

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe Ricky hỏi Julie "where are you getting your references?"





Sau đó nghe "I’ve already found a few experiments in scientific journals."

=> Julie tìm thấy trên tạp chí khoa học => Đáp án: scientific journals



Xem full giải thích
24
the information from internet/internet/information from internet/the internet
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ngoài journals, Ricky còn dùng được cái gì





Nghe thấy "I’m sure there is lots of stuff about it on the Internet"

=> Có rất nhiều thứ trên mạng liên quan tới chủ đề của anh ta => Đáp án có thể là "Internet"

Sau đó nghe "Are we allowed to use information from the Internet?" và nghe phản hồi là "Sure"

Xem full giải thích
25
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe "how the essay should be written?"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Sau đó nghe "Professor Johnson wants it double-spaced"

=> Đáp án là B



Xem full giải thích
26
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi nghe "..or just the main heading?"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Sau đó nghe "Only the main heading should be in italics"

=> Chỉ tiêu đề chính cần được in nghiêng => Chọn đáp án A



Xem full giải thích
27
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe "since there are so many requirements"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới





Sau đó nghe "the report has to be typed"

=> Báo cáo phải được đánh máy => Chọn đáp án B



Xem full giải thích
28
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "You should number each page" (đề cập tới việc đánh số trang)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Sau đó nghe "Make sure it goes up in the top right corner."

=> Số trang phải ở góc trên cùng bên phải => Chọn đáp án C



Xem full giải thích
29
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau đó nghe "make sure the margins are 3.25 pixels wide"

=> Phải căn lề ngang là 3,25 pixel => Chọn đáp án B



Xem full giải thích
30
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem essay phải có cái gì



Sau đó nghe "remember to put down your ID number on your report."

=> Phải điền mã số của bạn vào bài report (put down = include) => Chọn đáp án B



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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 38
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
This paper pertains to one major concern about water for people everywhere - that is a
31
source of water.
Australia is a dry continent and thus water is very
32
.
We utilise the most water for
33
.
We discover the purest water in rivers, creeks,
34
.
Rainfall is a useful source of water unless there is significant
35
.
People in the West wish the water to be
36
.
Water is highly prone to
37
In the home, one of the most important uses of water is for
38
.
Question 39 - 40
Choose the correct letter, A, B, or C.
39
The mechanisms for water management are
A
inadequate
B
nearly adequate
C
admirable
40
The government’s 1989 White Paper
A
caused a concern
B
is unreliable
C
is inconclusive

❓ Tapescript section 4

A Lecture In Environmental Science
00:00
Good morning and welcome to yet another lecture in Environmental Science. I don’t think I am telling you a secret when I mention that water is a big worry here in Australia. The stuff is scarce. Perhaps that’s why we drink so much beer, eh?
Seriously, though, a safe and reliable source of water is one of the great concerns of people everywhere. Moreover, as the world population grows, the pressure on existing water supplies grows greater and greater.
Think about it. Our economic system demands that there be more and more consumers. The growing number of people has been tied to climate change, including droughts. So more people means less water.
But our economic system demands a high birth rate. Forget about oil. Soon enough you will see wars for water. Mark my words.
But today, I’m going to confine my remarks to Australia. As noted already, here down under, the water supply is extremely scarce. The only drier continent is Antarctica - and remember, no one really lives there anyway.
Moreover, in recent years, the wind patterns have changed. Rain that used to fall on the country now falls out to sea hundreds of miles to the south.
Now, when I speak of people needing water, most of you probably think of drinking. Certainly everyone needs water for drinking. But surprising as it may sound, drinking is not anywhere near being the main use for water. Most water is actually used for washing.
When you take a shower, you probably use well over a hundred litres of water. Every time you flush your toilet, that’s about eight litres. But most people drink no more than two litres or so per day.
So, where to get water? It could be obtained from rainwater, but often rainfall consists of other harmful pollutants that evaporated with the water. In fact, acid rain, an intense example of this, causes harmful effects on the wildlife of the habitat on which it falls.
Water from underground could also be used, though it is more difficult to contain and often must go through an extensive cleansing process. The purest water is found in rivers, creeks, lakes, and dams. And, sad to say, Australia has precious few of these.
Really, how many of your home towns have rivers? Year-round rivers, I mean. The soil tends to be sandy, so water soaks into the ground. Many places are rocky too, so 87% of the rainfall is lost to evaporation. That’s almost twice the evaporation rate in my native Canada!
Speaking of rain, we already heard how rainfall is diminishing here in Oceania. The quantity itself isn’t the only problem, either. Going back to the problems with obtaining rainwater, a further problem is that rain is a useful source of water only if air pollution is fairly mild.
Again, you’re in a situation where you can’t win. You need water where most people live. People tend to build cities where rainfall is adequate. But then modern cities tend to feature polluted air which renders the rain far less easily usable.
OK, let's take a look at the table here, you’ll see it showing the relative pollution of rainfall in the world’s cities. The more people, the dirtier the rain.
This is becoming a huge concern for people in the West, who want their water to be pure and safe. Though reliable drinking water is important everywhere, the concern in the West is reflected in all the government regulations and political campaigns aimed at solving this problem.
In contrast, there are not as many demands made on the governments in Asian and African cultures to improve the water, as their focus is on other issues.
Now, whatever the source of water, we can never afford to forget that all water is highly vulnerable to contamination. Whether we’re getting it from the ground, from bodies of water, or rainfall, it is susceptible to a variety of toxins.
In fact, that’s why we clean it before using it: water carries with it filth and dirt. This problem shows up in a number of different ways.
As humans and all other animals need water to survive, it's no surprise to us that one of the most important domestic uses of water is for drinking. Yet if you have old-fashioned lead pipes, you may slowly be poisoning yourself by drinking that nice clear water.
The industrial pollution, farm chemicals, and leaky landfills are well-known sources of contaminants as well.
So what is being done to ensure we Australians a safe and steady supply of drinking water? There are a lot of initiatives that make admirable efforts to remedy this issue. We’ll be talking about this when we meet again on Thursday.
But, as a preview, I can tell you that so far the amount of real solutions that have been produced is not nearly adequate. Traditionally, we’ve been very free in this country. That means that every person and every province tend to go its own way. So the mechanisms for water management are, in a word, insufficient.
To begin seeing how this is so, I want you to read something before our next class. Though a lot of previous data on water usage and water management are inconclusive and have thus caused quite a concern, we can learn a lot from the content of reports written on the subject.
The basis for the government’s water policy is the 1989 White Paper reporting on “Water Use: Present and Future". If you compare the numbers offered in the paper with those in the text, you’ll find that the report is rather untrustworthy. Truth being told, I’m being too kind when I say that!

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
safe and reliable
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Loại từ cần điền là tính từ



Khi bạn nghe " I mention that water is a big worry here" (= major concern about water)

=> Nói về tầm quan trọng của nước => Biết đáp án sắp vào

Sau đó nghe "Seriously, though, a safe and reliable source of water is one of the great concerns of people everywhere."

=> Nguồn nước an toàn và đáng tin cậy là một trong những mối quan tâm lớn của người dân ở khắp mọi nơi. => Đáp án: safe and reliable

Xem full giải thích
32
scarce
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem nước ở Úc như thế nào

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "I'm going to confine my remarks to Australia"

Sau đó nghe "the water supply is extremely scarce."

=> Nguồn cung cấp nước cực kỳ khan hiếm => Đáp án: scarce



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33
washing
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là mục đích sử dụng nước nhiều nhất



Nghe thấy "drinking is not anywhere near being the main use for water"

=> Mục đích uống nước không phải là chính => Loại drinking



Sau đó nghe "Most water is actually used for washing"

=> Nước được dùng nhiều nhất cho việc giặt rửa => Đáp án: washing



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34
lakes and dams
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là nơi tìm thấy nguồn nước tinh khiết (bên cạnh rivers, creeks)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "where to get water"





Nghe thấy "The purest water is found in rivers, creeks, lakes, and dams"

=> Nước tinh khiết nhất được tìm thấy ở sông, lạch, hồ và đập => Đáp án: lakes, and dams



Xem full giải thích
35
air pollution
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái gì không có sẽ khiến nước mưa trở thành nguồn nước hữu dụng

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Speaking of rain"

Sau đó nghe "rain is a useful source of water only if air pollution is fairly mild."

=> Mưa sẽ là nguồn nước hữu ích nếu ô nhiễm không khí ở mức độ nhẹ => Đáp án: air pollution



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36
pure and safe
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem người phương Tây muốn nước như thế nào

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "a huge concern for people in the West"

Sau đó nghe "want their water to be pure and safe."

=> Họ muốn nước tinh khiết và an toàn. => Đáp án: pure and safe



Xem full giải thích
37
contamination
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem nước dễ bị cái gì

Sau đó nghe " all water is highly vulnerable to contamination"

=> Nước rất dễ bị ô nhiễm (highly vulnerable to = is highly prone to) => Đáp án: contamination



Xem full giải thích
38
drinking
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là mục đích chính của việc sử dụng nước ở nhà



Mình nghe thấy "one of the most important domestic uses of water is for drinking"

=> Một trong những mục đích sử dụng nước sinh hoạt quan trọng nhất là để uống (domestic ~ in the home) => Đáp án: drinking



Xem full giải thích
39
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe "a safe and steady supply of drinking water" (=water management)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "There are a lot of initiatives that make admirable efforts to remedy this issue"

=> Đây là những nỗ lực đáng ngưỡng mộ trong việc giải quyết vấn nạn này, admirable ở đây không nói về mechanism => Loại đáp án C



Sau đó nghe "the mechanisms for water management are, in a word, insufficient."

Xem full giải thích
40
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe " the government’s water policy is the 1989 White Paper"

=> Biết đáp án sắp vào

Sau đó nghe "If you compare the numbers offered in the paper with those in the text, you’ll find that the report is rather untrustworthy. "

=> Vì khi so sánh những con số sẽ thấy rằng báo cáo khá không đáng tin cậy. => Chọn đáp án B



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