Foundation For Essay Writing IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Foundation For Essay Writing được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 6 - Test 2 - Section 3 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Foundation For Essay Writing IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 5
Complete the flowchart.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Foundation for Essay Writing
STEP 01
Decide on
1
you like
STEP 02
Focus on
2
area of interest
STEP 03
Write
3
statement
STEP 04
Create
4

STEP 05
Ensure this
5
clearly
Question 6 - 10
Complete the summary.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER for each answer.
There are several
6
involved in producing a good essay. The writer must think independently and give 
7
examples as support, each one with a reference (which is a
8
). The formatting must follow the
9
issued by the university, as well as the word count decided by the lecturer, although it can vary by
10
.

❓ Transcript

Foundation For Essay Writing
00:00
Eric:
Hi, Ms Harris. Here we are, talking once again.
Ms Harris:
Well, I’m always willing to help out wherever possible. Is anything troubling you?
Eric:
Well, your advice last week about writing summaries was very useful, and I’m using these summaries a lot in order to prepare my final master’s thesis.
Ms Harris:
But you’re having problems, right?
Eric:
Yes, I have a few issues to discuss. Obviously I want a good essay, and I want to achieve high marks. But I’m not sure on the best way to start.
Ms Harris:
That’s an easy question. Start with a topic, but not one that I necessarily suggest, but one that you want to explore. You will always write better when doing so on a topic you are interested in, not one imposed upon you by others.
Eric:
Well, I’m interested in management theory.
Ms Harris:
Then pursue that. However, that alone is far too broad. Break it into various current areas of discussion and relevance, then look more carefully at one of them — say, management and cultural differences, or management and motivation, or other aspects, such as the role of salary, group cohesion, or leadership.
Eric:
I would say I’m interested in group cohesion—that is, how people interact in the workplace.
Ms Harris:
Well, that’s a start, but you can’t then just write planlessly, without defining exactly what you intend to do within the area you’ve chosen. You’ll have to think of a thesis, and this statement could be of several types.
Eric:
Such as what?
Ms Harris:
Oh, you could argue a point, something that you believe in; or discuss an issue, looking at its various perspectives; or critique the opinions of others, pointing out the pitfalls and flaws. The thesis statement will make that very clear because it will say, in simple terms, what you intend to achieve in your essay.
Eric:
I see. And then I can just begin writing, right?
Ms Harris:
Wrong! [Uh?] If your essay is going to be clear, it needs to be logical and organised, and this means you’ll need an outline. This could be written as a flowchart, or spider graph — that is, a series of connected lines, but whatever shape the outline takes, there must be a sense of progress, in, more or less, a straight line, towards a goal.
Eric:
And then my essay will be good?
Ms Harris:
With such progression, definitely—as long as you do achieve everything that you set out to do, as specified in the beginning, okay?
Eric:
Well, Ms Harris, your advice about essay writing all sounds very useful: solid, and step by step, so I’ll certainly follow that. But can you tell me in more general terms, what constitutes the best essay?
Ms Harris:
Oh, there are many aspects to consider, but one of the most important is certainly, original thinking. The best essays are written by people who think for themselves, and not just copy or imitate established views.
Eric:
I think I can do that.
Ms Harris:
But remember, you can’t just give a list of unsupported assertions. There needs to be support as well — a chain of logic linking each step in your argument. [Right] Yet that alone is not enough. Your argument may be logically sound, but is it practically so? For that, you need examples, from real-life, to illustrate your points or sub-points.
Eric:
I’ve got lots of examples from my course readings. I suppose I could use them.
Ms Harris:
But remember, whenever you use an example, or facts or figures that are not commonly known, you must give a reference. That’s an academic necessity, without which your writing will automatically fail.
Eric:
So, it’s necessary to give these. Right.
Ms Harris:
Absolutely—and with that, your essay will be fine, but always ensure that you format it clearly.
Eric:
What do you mean?
Ms Harris:
I mean the practical considerations, as written in the university style guide, such as leaving appropriate margins, using double spacing, Arial font, and so on. You see, your writing must look good, as well as be good.
Eric:
I can certainly do that.
Ms Harris:
And, finally, related to the previous point, you need to respect the number of words required. Your individual lecturers will give you a word-count figure, so follow what they say, making your essay neither too long, nor too short— perhaps 10% either way should be acceptable. 15% was common when I was younger, but it’s a lot stricter now, and 20% would be pushing the boundaries just a little too far.
Eric:
I guess I can do all that. Thanks for your advice.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
topic
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về bước đầu tiên của việc viết Essay (Decide on ___ you like)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "I'm not sure on the best way to start"





Nghe tiếp thấy "Start with a topic, [...] You will always write better when doing so on a topic you are interested in"

=> Tức là trước hết cần bắt đầu bằng chủ đề người viết yêu thích (like = are interested in) => Đáp án: topic



Xem full giải thích
2
current
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem cần focus vào cái gì (focus on ___ area of interest)



Nghe thấy "break it into various current areas of discussion and relevance, then look more carefully at one of them"

=> Tách ra thành các current areas và sau đó tập trung kĩ vào một vấn đề nhất định (look more carefully = focus on) => Đáp án: current



Xem full giải thích
3
thesis
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một loại statement (write ___ statement)

Nghe thấy "you'll have to think of a thesis, and this statement could be of several types"

Sau đó nghe tiếp có thấy "The thesis statement will make that very clear..."

=> Đáp án: thesis



Xem full giải thích
4
outline
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Tiếp theo mình cần nghe xem cần create cái gì (create ___ )



Nghe tới "And then I can just begin writing, rirght?" (hỏi việc cần làm tiếp theo)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe tiếp thấy "... it needs to be logical and organised, this means you'll need an outline

=> Cần phải tạo dàn bài => Đáp án: outline



Xem full giải thích
5
progress
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



This ở trong question đang chỉ về outline ở câu trước

=> Đáp án câu này sẽ theo sát câu trên

Nghe thấy "whatever shape the outline takes, there must be a sense of progress"

=> Cho dù outline có như thế nào, cũng cần phải cho thấy tiến độ của outline => Đáp án: progress



Xem full giải thích
6
aspects
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Loại từ cần điền: plural noun (There are several ___ involved in producing a good essay)



Nghe tới "what consitutues the best essay?"

=> Đang hỏi cách để produce a good essay giống như trong đề => Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe tiếp thấy "there are many aspects to consider"

=> Có nhiều aspects cần phải xem xét => Đáp án: aspects



Xem full giải thích
7
real-life
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem phải cho những example như thế nào



Nghe tới "people who think for themselves (= think independently)

=> Đáp án sắp tới

Nghe tiếp thấy Ms Harris giải thích là "there needs to be support"

=> Sau đó nghe thấy là "For that, you need examples, from real life" => Cần ví dụ thực tiễn từ đời sống => Đáp án: real-life

Xem full giải thích
8
necessity
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem reference là gì



Nghe tiếp thấy "...you must give a reference. That's an academic necessity"

=> Do đề cho từ a ở trước chứ không phải an nên bạn không điền từ academic được => Reference là necssity => Đáp án: necessity



Xem full giải thích
9
style guide
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem phần formatting phải tuân theo cái gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "but always ensure that you format it clearly"





Sau đó nghe thấy "I mean the practical considerations, written in the university style guide

=> Formatting phải dựa vào style guide do trường cung cấp => Đáp án: style guide



Xem full giải thích
10
10%
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "you need to respect number of words require" (=word count trong đề)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe tiếp thấy "...a word-count figure, so follow what they say, making your essays neither too long or too short — perhaps 10% either way should be acceptable " => Chênh lệch 10% so với word count chấp nhận được => Đáp án: 10%


Nghe tiếp thấy có nhắc tới 15% 20%

=> Tuy nhiên 15% là tiêu chuẩn trước đây, còn 20% là bị lố nhiều quá => Không phải là đáp án



Xem full giải thích

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