Assignment On Sleep And Dreams IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Assignment On Sleep And Dreams được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Cambridge 16 - Test 2 - Section 3 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Assignment On Sleep And Dreams IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 4
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
1
Luke read that one reason why we often forget dreams is that
A
our memories cannot cope with too much information.
B
we might otherwise be confused about what is real.
C
we do not think they are important.
2
What do Luke and Susie agree about dreams predicting the future?
A
It may just be due to chance.
B
It only happens with certain types of event.
C
It happens more often than some people think.
3
Susie says that a study on pre-school children having a short nap in the day
A
had controversial results.
B
used faulty research methodology.
C
failed to reach any clear conclusions.
4
In their last assignment, both students had problems with
A
statistical analysis.
B
making an action plan.
C
self-assessment.
Question 5 - 10
Complete the flow chart below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Assignment plan
STEP 01
Decide on research question:
Is there a relationship between hours of sleep and number of dreams?
STEP 02
Decide on sample:
Twelve students from the
5
department.
STEP 03
Decide on procedure:
Answers on
6
.
STEP 04
Check ethical guidelines for working with
7
. Ensure that risk is assessed and
8
is kept to a minimum.
STEP 05
Analyse the results
Calculate the correlation and make a
9
.
STEP 06

10
the research.

❓ Transcript

Assignment On Sleep And Dreams
00:00
SUSIE:
So Luke, for our next psychology assignment we have to do something on sleep and dreams.
LUKE:
Right. I've just read an article suggesting why we tend to forget most of our dreams soon after we wake up. I mean, most of my dreams aren't that interesting anyway, but what it said was that if we remembered everything, we might get mixed up about what actually happened and what we dreamed. So it's a sort of protection. I hadn't heard that idea before. I'd always assumed that it was just that we didn't have room in our memories for all that stuff.
SUSIE:
Me too. What do you think about the idea that our dreams may predict the future?
LUKE:
It's a belief that you get all over the world.
SUSIE:
Yeah, lots of people have a story of it happening to them, but the explanation I've read is that for each dream that comes true, we have thousands that don't, but we don't notice those, we don't even remember them. We just remember the ones where something in the real world, like a view or an action, happens to trigger a dream memory.
LUKE:
Right. So it's just a coincidence really. Something else I read about is what they call segmented sleeping. That's a theory that hundreds of years ago, people used to get up in the middle of the night and have a chat or something to eat, then go back to bed. So I tried it myself.
SUSIE:
Why?
LUKE:
Well it's meant to make you more creative. I don't know why. But I gave it up after a week. It just didn't fit in with my lifestyle.
SUSIE:
But most pre-school children have a short sleep in the day don't they? There was an experiment some students did here last term to see at what age kids should stop having naps. But they didn't really find an answer. They spent a lot of time working out the most appropriate methodology, but the results didn't seem to show any obvious patterns.
LUKE:
Right. Anyway, let's think about our assignment. Last time I had problems with the final stage, where we had to describe and justify how successful we thought we'd been. I struggled a bit with the action plan too.
SUSIE:
I was OK with the planning, but I got marked down for the self-assessment as well. And I had big problems with the statistical stuff, that's where I really lost marks.
LUKE:
Right.
SUSIE:
So shall we plan what we have to do for this assignment?
LUKE:
OK.
SUSIE:
First, we have to decide on our research question. So how about 'Is there a relationship between hours of sleep and number of dreams?'
LUKE:
OK. Then we need to think about who we'll do the study on. About 12 people?
SUSIE:
Right. And shall we use other psychology students?
LUKE:
Let's use people from a different department. What about history?
SUSIE:
Yes, they might have interesting dreams! Or literature students?
LUKE:
I don't really know any.
SUSIE:
OK, forget that idea. Then we have to think about our methodology. So we could use observation, but that doesn't seem appropriate.
LUKE:
No. It needs to be self-reporting I think. And we could ask them to answer questions online.
SUSIE:
But in this case, paper might be better as they'll be doing it straight after they wake up ... in fact while they're still half-asleep.
LUKE:
Right. And we'll have to check the ethical guidelines for this sort of research.
SUSIE:
Mm, because our experiment involves humans, so there are special regulations.
LUKE:
Yes, I had a look at those for another assignment I did. There's a whole section on risk assessment, and another section on making sure they aren't put under any unnecessary stress.
SUSIE:
Let's hope they don't have any bad dreams!
LUKE:
Yeah.
SUSIE:
Then when we've collected all our data we have to analyse it and calculate the correlation between our two variables, that's time sleeping and number of dreams and then present our results visually in a graph.
LUKE:
Right. And the final thing is to think about our research and evaluate it. So that seems quite straightforward.
SUSIE:
Yeah. So now let's ...

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Luke nói why we tend to forget most of our dreams là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy what it said was that if we remembered everything, we might get mixed up about what actually happened and what we dreamed

=> nếu nhớ hết những gì xảy ra trong mơ thì có thể sẽ bị lẫn lộn giữa hiện thực và mơ

=> mixed up = confused

=> chọn B



Xem full giải thích
2
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới predict the future là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Susie giải thích là for each dream that comes true, we have thousands that don't, but we don't notice those, we don't even remember them

=> với mỗi giấc mơ thành sự thật thì có cả ngàn giấc mơ chỉ là mơ, nhưng chúng ta thường không chú ý tới hay nhớ về các giấc mơ không thành sự thật

=> Luke xác nhận là Right. So it's just a coincidence really.

=> chỉ là sự trùng hợp ngẫu nhiên (coincidence = due to chance)

Xem full giải thích
3
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới pre-school children have a short sleep là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Susie nói về experiment rằng There was an experiment some students did here last term to see at what age kids should stop having naps. But they didn't really find an answer. They spent a lot of time working out the most appropriate methodology, but the results didn't seem to show any obvious patterns

=> kết quả của thí nghiệm không rõ ràng và chưa đủ tính thuyết phục, mặc dù đã dùng phương pháp nghiên cứu phù hợp

=> loại B

, chọn C


Xem full giải thích
4
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Luke nói về assignment là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Luke nói Last time I had problems with the final stage, where we had to describe and justify how successful we thought we'd been. I struggled a bit with the action plan too.

=> bài trước có vấn đề với phần đánh giá xem bài thành công như thế nào và phần action plan

=> cần nghe xem Susie có vấn đề phần nào



Nghe tiếp thấy Susie nói I was OK with the planning, but I got marked down for the self-assessment as well. And I had big problems with the statistical stuff, that's where I really lost marks.

Xem full giải thích
5
history
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới 12 people là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Susie gợi ý shall we use other psychology students? nhưng Luke nói là Let's use people from a different department. What about history?

=> Susie đồng ý và nói Yes, they might have interesting dreams!

=> đáp án là history





Tuy nhiên ngay sau đó có nhắc tới literature students

Xem full giải thích
6
paper
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới phần methodology

=> bằng nghĩa với procedure trong đề

=> biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Luke nói we could ask them to answer questions online

=> nhưng sau đó Susie nói rằng But in this case, paper might be better as they'll be doing it straight after they wake up

Xem full giải thích
7
humans / people
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới ethical guidelines là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy because our experiment involves humans, so there are special regulations

=> do thí nghiệm có liên quan tới con người nên sẽ có các quy định đặc biệt

=> đáp án là humans hoặc people



Xem full giải thích
8
stress
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới risk assessment là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy another section on making sure they aren't put under any unnecessary stress

=> đảm bảo là người tham gia thí nghiệm không bị stress không cần thiết

=> cần giữ mức stress thấp nhất có thể

=> đáp án là stress



Xem full giải thích
9
graph
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới calculate the correlation là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy then present our results visually in a graph

=> sau khi tính toán thì trình bày kết quả một cách trực quan bằng cách dùng biểu đồ

=> cần phải làm biểu đồ

=> đáp án là graph



Xem full giải thích
10
evaluate
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới the final thing is... là biết đáp án sắp tới, do đây là bước cuối



Nghe thấy to think about our research and evaluate it

=> cần suy nghĩ về nghiên cứu và đánh giá nó

=> đáp án là evaluate

, bạn chứ ý là chỉ được điền một từ nên không điền think about

Xem full giải thích

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