Arguments For And Against Urban Migration IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Arguments For And Against Urban Migration được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 4 - Test 2 - Section 4 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Arguments For And Against Urban Migration IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST URBAN MIGRATION
Cities now:
• account for 3% of the planet’s land areas
• consume more
1
than the countryside
Advantages for moving into the city:
• good for some
2
to recover
• poor
3
in the countryside
• clean energy: recycling of methane gas produced from
4

For women:
• more likely to have late marriages
• better chance of getting a
5
at work
Downsides of moving into the city:
• possible to lose
6
because it is difficult to maintain previous lifestyle
• higher rates of
7
in the city than in the country
• poor quality of
8
in the city
Economic factors:
• Increased
9
in population results in increase in energy consumption.
• People find the heavy
10
stressful.

❓ Transcript

Arguments For And Against Urban Migration
00:00
Good afternoon and welcome to my talk on urban migration today.
The world has experienced unprecedented urban growth in the recent decades.
As much as 3% of Earth’s landmass has been urbanised, an increase of at least 50% over previous estimates.
Today, people living in cities already outnumber those in rural areas and the trend does not appear to be reversing.
In addition, cities have larger amounts of carbon consumption than rural areas.
This is a result from two major aspects.
First, with the increase of urban population around the world, the massive construction of urban infrastructure and residential housing is hard to avoid.
Second, urban households have a higher rate of car ownership and use more gasoline products.
Even though rural exodus is often negatively judged, there are also benefits of migration shared by the local environment and the society as a whole.
Well, firstly, global trends of increasing urban migration and population urbanisation can provide opportunities for nature conservations, particularly in regions where deforestation is driven by agriculture.
As rural dwellers leave their homes, local forests are left to recover.
What’s more, it is easier for city dwellers to get around.
Living in the country means transport can be very difficult.
For instance, after midnight there are no buses or taxis in the countryside.
However, there is still a number of public transport modes to choose from in the city.
Finally, with more funds and advanced technology, cities endeavour to produce clean energy.
New power plants have been built to take harmful methane gas created by the decomposition of rubbish, and convert it into electricity.
By doing so, an important greenhouse gas is turned into useful energy rather than being directly emitted into the atmosphere.
The hustle and bustle of city life offers women :he opportunity to explore different professions and pursue their own careers.
Women in cities work as engineers, managers and even football players.
This change of roles has affected their marital status and family life.
More women are choosing their careers over marriage, which raises the graph of late marriages.
As a result, more are remaining single well into their late thirty’s.
They want to be independent and earn money on their own.
It is also easier for them to get a promotion while working in the city.
Women are slowly achieving wider participation at work, while in rural areas the mindset is still very conservative.
However, cities also change the way that humans interact with each other and the environment, often causing multiple problems.
In general, urban wages are significantly higher, so moving to the city is an opportunity to earn what was impossible in rural areas.
However, the wage difference is often offset by the higher cost of living and absence of self-produced goods, including subsistence farming.
A sizable proportion of new comers attach greater importance to money and gradually abandon their former way of life, thus risking losing their culture.
These new city residents are also faced with another problem.
According to statistics, crime rates are significantly higher in densely populated urban regions than in rural areas.
For instance, property crime rates in our metropolitan areas are three to four times as high in comparison to the rates in rural communities.
Immigrants, upon arrival into cities, typically move into the poor, blighted neighbourhoods because that is where they can afford to live.
Crime in these areas is high and reflects poor living conditions, as theseneigh bourhoods experience great levels of poverty.
This pattern also occurs for violent crimes, which is much more common in large urban areas than elsewhere.
In addition, traffic congestion and industrial manufacturing are prominent features of the urban landscape, which take their toll on the natural environment and those who depend on it.
Air pollution from both cars and factory emissions affect the health of countless urban residents.
Rural to urban migration can boost the urban economy.
With a better economy, cities provide their residents with better welfare.
But the concentration of services and facilities, such as education, health and technology in urban areas inevitably contributes to greater energy consumption.
Another problem with life in the city is traffic congestion.
It makes people late to work and thus stresses us out before we even get there.
Deliveries can’t arrive on time. Gas costs money.
The quality of life of those commuters starts to decline.
What’s worse is that if congestion makes it harder to match the right workers to the best jobs, it is economically inefficient, as well.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
carbon
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cities tiêu thụ cái gì nhiều hơn countryside

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe ''As much as 3% of Earth’s landmass has been urbanised'' (ý tới trước đáp án)

Sau đó, ''In addition, cities have larger amounts of carbon consumption than rural areas.''

=> Thành phố tiêu thụ carbon nhiều hơn vùng ngoại ô => Đáp án: carbon



Xem full giải thích
2
forests
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Vì mình chuẩn bị nghe về mục "Advantages for moving into the city"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe ''there are also benefits of migration ...''





Theo người nói, ''As rural dwellers leave their homes, local forests are left to recover.''

=> Việc người dưới nông thôn rời nơi ở của họ giúp rừng địa phương hồi phục => Đáp án là forests

(bạn lưu ý không ghi local do đề bài chỉ cho phép mình điền một từ)

Xem full giải thích
3
transportation/transport
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Câu này là lợi ích thứ hai

=> Do có từ nối ''What’s more'' nên mình biết đáp án sắp tới.



Mình nghe được là ''Living in the country means transport can be very difficult.''

=> Giao thông ở vùng ngoại ô rất kém (khó đi lại) (difficult ~ poor) => Đáp án: transport



Xem full giải thích
4
rubbish
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Câu này là lợi ích cuối cùng

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau từ ''Finally''



Nghe thấy ''New power plants have been built to take harmful methane gas created by the decomposition of rubbish, and convert it into electricity''

=> Mình có thể recycle khí methane từ rác thải để tạo ra năng lượng sạch => Đáp án là rubbish



Xem full giải thích
5
promotion
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe ''More women are choosing their careers over marriage, which raises the graph of late marriages'' (ý tới trước đáp án)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Theo người nói, ''It is also easier for them to get a promotion while working in the city.''

=> Phụ nữ dễ được thăng chức hơn khi làm việc trong thành phố => Đáp án: promotion



Xem full giải thích
6
culture
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem việc không thể duy trì lối sống trước làm dễ đánh mất cái gì



Vì đang nói về downside nên mình biết đáp án sẽ tới sau ''...often causing multiple problems.''
Nghe thấy ''...new comers attach greater importance to money and gradually abandon their former way of life, thus risking losing their culture.''

=> Những người mới đến có thể đánh mất đi văn hóa của mình => Đáp án: culture



Xem full giải thích
7
crime
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Câu này là vấn đề thứ hai

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''These new city residents are also faced with another problem.''

Theo người nói, "crime rates are significantly higher in densely populated urban regions than in rural areas.''

=> Tỉ lệ tội phạm ở thành phố cao hơn ở vùng nông thôn (urban regions = city rural areas = country) => Đáp án: crime



Xem full giải thích
8
air
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Câu này là vấn đề cuối cùng

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''In addition, traffic congestion and industrial manufacturing are ...''

Theo người nói, ''Air pollution from both cars and factory emissions affect the health of countless urban residents.''

=> Ô nhiễm không khí, tức chất lượng không khí kém, ảnh hưởng tới sức khỏe của người thành thị => Đáp án: air



Xem full giải thích
9
welfare
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hai câu cuối cùng nằm ở mục ''Economic factors''

=> Phần này tới sau ''Rural to urban migration can boost the urban economy.''

Đầu tiên mình nghe ''With a better economy, cities provide their residents with better welfare''

Sau đó, ''But the concentration of services and facilities(....) contributes to greater energy consumption.''

=> Kinh tế tốt dẫn đến phúc lợi tốt hơn (increase = better), từ đó dẫn đến sự tập trung các dịch vụ và cơ sở vật chất, từ đó dẫn tới mức năng lượng tiêu thụ cao => Đáp án: welfare



Xem full giải thích
10
traffic
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình biết đáp án sẽ có sau ''Another problem with life in the city is traffic congestion''
Sau khi nhắc tới đối tượng là ''traffic congestion'', speaker nói ''It makes people late to work and thus stresses us out before we even get there.''

=> Ùn tắc giao thông khiến mọi người bị căng thẳng => Đáp án: traffic

(traffic congestion = heavy traffic)

Xem full giải thích

Download PDF

Bạn có thể tải bản đẹp của đề và đáp án Arguments For And Against Urban Migration tại đây