Đề thi IELTS Reading The White Horse Of Uffington Download đề bài đọc & đáp án

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage The White Horse Of Uffington được lấy từ cuốn sách Ielts Cambridge IELTS Practice Test 16 - Test 2 - Passage 1 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Reading The White Horse Of Uffington Download đề bài đọc & đáp án

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

The White Horse of Uffington
The cutting of huge figures or 'geoglyphs' into the earth of English hillsides has taken place for more than 3,000 years. There are 56 hill figures scattered around England, with the vast majority on the chalk downlands of the country's southern counties. The figures include giants, horses, crosses and regimental badges. Although the majority of these geoglyphs date within the last 300 years or so, there are one or two that are much older. The most famous of these figures is perhaps also the most mysterious – the Uffington White Horse in Oxfordshire. The White Horse has recently been re-dated and shown to be even older than its previously assigned ancient pre-Roman Iron Age* date. More controversial is the date of the enigmatic Long Man of Wilmington in Sussex. While many historians are convinced the figure is prehistoric, others believe that it was the work of an artistic monk from a nearby priory and was created between the 11th and 15th centuries. The method of cutting these huge figures was simply to remove the overlying grass to reveal the gleaming white chalk below. However, the grass would soon grow over the geoglyph again unless it was regularly cleaned or scoured by a fairly large team of people. One reason that the vast majority of hill figures have disappeared is that when the traditions associated with the figures faded, people no longer bothered or remembered to clear away the grass to expose the chalk outline. Furthermore, over hundreds of years the outlines would sometimes change due to people not always cutting in exactly the same place, thus creating a different shape to the original geoglyph. The fact that any ancient hill figures survive at all in England today is testament to the strength and continuity of local customs and beliefs which, in one case at least, must stretch back over millennia. ------------------------------------------------------- *Iron Age: a period in Britain 800 BCE - 43 CE) that is characterised by the use of iron tools The Uffington White Horse is a unique, stylised representation of a horse consisting of a long, sleek back, thin disjointed legs, a streaming tail, and a bird-like beaked head. The elegant creature almost melts into the landscape. The horse is situated 2.5 km from Uffington village on a steep slope close to the Late Bronze Age* (c. 7th century BCE) hillfort of Uffington Castle and below the Ridgeway, a long-distance Neolithic** track. The Uffington Horse is also surrounded by Bronze Age burial mounds. It is not far from the Bronze Age cemetery of Lambourn Seven Barrows, which consists of more than 30 well-preserved burial mounds. The carving has been placed in such a way as to make it extremely difficult to see from close quarters, and like many geoglyphs is best appreciated from the air. Nevertheless, there are certain areas of the Vale of the White Horse, the valley containing and named after the enigmatic creature, from which an adequate impression may be gained. Indeed on a clear day the carving can be seen from up to 30 km away. The earliest evidence of a horse at Uffington is from the 1070s CE when 'White Horse Hill' is mentioned in documents from the nearby Abbey of Abingdon, and the first reference to the horse itself is soon after, in 1190 CE. However, the carving is believed to date back much further than that. Due to the similarity of the Uffington White Horse to the stylised depictions of horses on 1st century BCE coins, it had been thought that the creature must also date to that period. However, in 1995 Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) testing was carried out by the Oxford Archaeological Unit on soil from two of the lower layers of the horse's body, and from another cut near the base. The result was a date for the horse's construction somewhere between 1400 and 600 BCE - in other words, it had a Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age origin. The latter end of this date range would tie the carving of the horse in with occupation of the nearby Uffington hillfort, indicating that it may represent a tribal emblem marking the land of the inhabitants of the hillfort. Alternatively, the carving may have been carried out during a Bronze or Iron Age ritual. Some researchers see the horse as representing the Celtic*** horse goddess Epona, who was worshipped as a protector of horses, and for her associations with fertility. However, the cult of Epona was not imported from Gaul (France) until around the first century CE. This date is at least six centuries after the Uffington Horse was probably carved. Nevertheless, the horse had great ritual and economic significance during the Bronze and Iron Ages, as attested by its depictions on jewellery and other metal objects. It is possible that the carving represents a goddess in native mythology, such as Rhiannon, described in later Welsh mythology as a beautiful woman dressed in gold and riding a white horse. The fact that geoglyphs can disappear easily, along with their associated rituals and meaning, indicates that they were never intended to be anything more than temporary gestures. But this does not lessen their importance. These giant carvings are a fascinating glimpse into the minds of their creators and how they viewed the landscape in which they lived. ----------------------------------------- *Bronze Age: a period in Britain c. 2,500 BCE-800 BCE) that is characterised by the development of bronze tools **Neolithic: a period in Britain c. 4,000 BCE - c. 2,500 BCE) that is significant for the spread of agricultural practices, and the use of stone tools *** Celtic: an ancient people who migrated from Europe to Britain before the Romans

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 8
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
In boxes on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
1
Most geoglyphs in England are located in a particular area of the country.
2
There are more geoglyphs in the shape of a horse than any other creature.
3
A recent dating of the Uffington White Horse indicates that people were mistaken about its age.
4
Historians have come to an agreement about the origins of the Long Man of Wilmington.
5
Geoglyphs were created by people placing white chalk on the hillside.
6
Many geoglyphs in England are no longer visible.
7
The shape of some geoglyphs has been altered over time.
8
The fame of the Uffington White Horse is due to its size.
Question 9 - 13
Complete the notes below.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes on your answer sheet.
The Uffington White Horse

The location of the Uffington White Horse:

• a distance of 2.5 km from Uffington village

• near an ancient road known as the

9

• close to an ancient cemetery that has a number of burial mounds

Dating the Uffington White Horse:

• first reference to White Horse Hill appears in

10
from the 1070s

• horses shown on coins from the period 100 BCE - 1 BCE are similar in appearance

• according to analysis of the surrounding

11
, the Horse is Late Bronze Age / Early Iron Age

Possible reasons for creation of the Uffington White Horse:

• an emblem to indicate land ownership

• formed part of an ancient ritual

• was a representation of goddess Epona - associated with protection of horses

and

12

• was a representation of a Welsh goddess called

13

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
True
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Đọc theo Linearthinking (Read in structure) để nắm ý chính, ta có:

Bài đọc:

S
There are 56 hill figures
V
scattered
around England , with the vast majority on the country's southern counties.

=> Có 56 hill figures ở Anh nhưng phần lớn thì chỉ ở hạt phía nam của đất nước này

So với câu hỏi: 

hill figures
Most geoglyphs in England are located in a particular area of the country.

=> a particular area ở đây ứng với the country's southern counties

Xem full giải thích
2
Not Given
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

Hiểu câu hỏi: There are more geoglyphs in the shape of a horse than any other creature.

=> Có nhiều geoglyphs hình ngựa - hơn - bất kì sinh vật nào khác.

Bài đọc:

geoglyphs
The figures include giants, horses, crosses and regimental badges.

=> Ta có thể thấy bài đọc liệt kê ra những loại geoglyphs - nhưng - không hề nói loại nào phổ biến hơn loại nào

Xem full giải thích
3
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: A recent dating of the Uffington White Horse indicates that people were mistaken about its age. 

=> Việc xác định niên đại gần đây của Uffington White Horse - cho thấy - con người đã nhầm về tuổi của nó.

=> Từ thông tin 'dating', ta nhanh chóng tìm được thông tin 're-dated'





Đọc theo Linearthinking (Read in structure) để nắm ý chính, ta có:

Xem full giải thích
4
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ta có thể nhanh chóng khoanh vùng thông tin cần đọc với 'Long Man of Wilmington'



Sau đó đọc theo Linearthinking (Read in structure) để nắm ý chính:

 1 More controversial is the date of the enigmatic Long Man of Wilmington in Sussex.

=> Ở đây nếu bạn nào hiểu từ 'controversial' thì dễ dàng biết là họ không 'come to an agreement' rồi. Nhưng nếu không hiểu thì ta cứ đọc tiếp câu sau nhé

 2 While many historians are convinced the figure is prehistoric , others believe that...

Xem full giải thích
5
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi đọc câu hỏi, ta biết cần tìm thông tin về cách con người tạo ra geoglyphs

=> Từ đó ta có thể tìm được cụm 'the method of cutting these huge figures'





Đọc theo Linearthinking (Read in structure) để nắm ý chính, ta có:



S
The method of cutting these huge figures
V
was
to remove the overlying grass to reveal the gleaming white chalk below .

Xem full giải thích
6
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đọc theo Linearthinking (Read in structure) để nắm ý chính, ta có:



S
One reason that
S1
the vast majority of hill figures
V1
have disappeared
V
is that ....

=> Phần lớn hill figures đã disappeared

=> Disappeared = no longer visible

=> Chọn TRUE



Xem full giải thích
7
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đọc theo Linearthinking (Read in structure) để nắm ý chính, ta có:



bố cục
the outlines would sometimes change
bởi vì
due to
people not always cutting in exactly the same place,
thế nên
thus
creating a different shape to the original geoglyph.

=> Main idea: Thỉnh thoảng outlines bị thay đổi vì con người không cắt đúng vị trí -> Tạo ra những hình dạng khác nhau

=> Nói cách khác, hình dạng của geoglyphs thay đổi theo thời gian

=> Trùng khớp thông tin với bài đọc -> Chọn TRUE



Xem full giải thích
8
Not Given
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: The fame of the Uffington White Horse is due to its size.

=> Uffington White Horse nổi tiếng nhờ vào kích cỡ của nó

=> Ta tìm đoạn thông tin xoay quanh ngoại hình của Uffington White Horse





Đọc theo Linearthinking (Read in structure) để nắm ý chính, ta có:

Xem full giải thích
9
Ridgeway
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: near an ancient road known as the ____

=> Đáp án là tên riêng của một con đường





Đọc simplify với Linearthinking:



S
The horse
V
is situated
2.5 km from Uffington village and below the Ridgeway 

Xem full giải thích
10
documents
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đọc theo Linearthinking (Read in structure) để nắm ý chính, ta có:

 The earliest evidence of a horse at Uffington is from the 1070s CE when 'White Horse Hill' is mentioned in documents from the nearby Abbey of Abingdon

Ta có các cụm đồng nghĩa như sau:

  • appears in = mentioned in

  • first reference = The earliest evidence

=> Xác định đáp án là danh từ đứng sau từ mentioned in (vì mentioned in = appeared in)

Xem full giải thích
11
soil
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi:  according to analysis of the surrounding ____, the Horse is Late Bronze Age / Early Iron Age

=> Đáp án là danh từ - một thứ được phân tích để rút ra được nguồn gốc của White Horse

=> Nhanh chóng tìm được thông tin cần đọc với 'Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age'





Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

Xem full giải thích
12
fertility
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đọc theo Linearthinking (Read in structure) để nắm ý chính, ta có:



S
Some researchers
V
see
the horse as representing the Celtic*** horse goddess Epona ,
MĐQH
who
was worshipped as a protector of horses , and for her associations with fertility.

=> Main idea: the horse - đại diện cho Epona - người được tôn sùng như là- the protector of horse - có liên hệ với fertility

=> Vì chỗ trống được liệt kê song song với 'protection of horse' -> Dễ dàng nhận ra đáp án là: fertility



Xem full giải thích
13
Rhiannon
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: was a representation of a Welsh goddess called _____

=> Đáp án là tên riêng của một nữ thần

=> Dựa vào 'Welsh' ta có thể nhanh chóng tìm ra thông tin





Đọc theo Linearthinking (Read in structure) để nắm ý chính, ta có:

Xem full giải thích

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Đề thi IELTS Reading The White Horse Of Uffington Download đề bài đọc & đáp án
Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage The White Horse Of Uffington được lấy từ cuốn sách Ielts Cambridge IELTS Practice Test 16 - Test 2 - Passage 1 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Reading The White Horse Of Uffington Download đề bài đọc & đáp án
Bài đọc (reading passage)
The White Horse of Uffington
The cutting of huge figures or 'geoglyphs' into the earth of English hillsides has taken place for more than 3,000 years. There are 56 hill figures scattered around England, with the vast majority on the chalk downlands of the country's southern counties. The figures include giants, horses, crosses and regimental badges. Although the majority of these geoglyphs date within the last 300 years or so, there are one or two that are much older. The most famous of these figures is perhaps also the most mysterious – the Uffington White Horse in Oxfordshire. The White Horse has recently been re-dated and shown to be even older than its previously assigned ancient pre-Roman Iron Age* date. More controversial is the date of the enigmatic Long Man of Wilmington in Sussex. While many historians are convinced the figure is prehistoric, others believe that it was the work of an artistic monk from a nearby priory and was created between the 11th and 15th centuries. The method of cutting these huge figures was simply to remove the overlying grass to reveal the gleaming white chalk below. However, the grass would soon grow over the geoglyph again unless it was regularly cleaned or scoured by a fairly large team of people. One reason that the vast majority of hill figures have disappeared is that when the traditions associated with the figures faded, people no longer bothered or remembered to clear away the grass to expose the chalk outline. Furthermore, over hundreds of years the outlines would sometimes change due to people not always cutting in exactly the same place, thus creating a different shape to the original geoglyph. The fact that any ancient hill figures survive at all in England today is testament to the strength and continuity of local customs and beliefs which, in one case at least, must stretch back over millennia. ------------------------------------------------------- *Iron Age: a period in Britain 800 BCE - 43 CE) that is characterised by the use of iron tools The Uffington White Horse is a unique, stylised representation of a horse consisting of a long, sleek back, thin disjointed legs, a streaming tail, and a bird-like beaked head. The elegant creature almost melts into the landscape. The horse is situated 2.5 km from Uffington village on a steep slope close to the Late Bronze Age* (c. 7th century BCE) hillfort of Uffington Castle and below the Ridgeway, a long-distance Neolithic** track. The Uffington Horse is also surrounded by Bronze Age burial mounds. It is not far from the Bronze Age cemetery of Lambourn Seven Barrows, which consists of more than 30 well-preserved burial mounds. The carving has been placed in such a way as to make it extremely difficult to see from close quarters, and like many geoglyphs is best appreciated from the air. Nevertheless, there are certain areas of the Vale of the White Horse, the valley containing and named after the enigmatic creature, from which an adequate impression may be gained. Indeed on a clear day the carving can be seen from up to 30 km away. The earliest evidence of a horse at Uffington is from the 1070s CE when 'White Horse Hill' is mentioned in documents from the nearby Abbey of Abingdon, and the first reference to the horse itself is soon after, in 1190 CE. However, the carving is believed to date back much further than that. Due to the similarity of the Uffington White Horse to the stylised depictions of horses on 1st century BCE coins, it had been thought that the creature must also date to that period. However, in 1995 Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) testing was carried out by the Oxford Archaeological Unit on soil from two of the lower layers of the horse's body, and from another cut near the base. The result was a date for the horse's construction somewhere between 1400 and 600 BCE - in other words, it had a Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age origin. The latter end of this date range would tie the carving of the horse in with occupation of the nearby Uffington hillfort, indicating that it may represent a tribal emblem marking the land of the inhabitants of the hillfort. Alternatively, the carving may have been carried out during a Bronze or Iron Age ritual. Some researchers see the horse as representing the Celtic*** horse goddess Epona, who was worshipped as a protector of horses, and for her associations with fertility. However, the cult of Epona was not imported from Gaul (France) until around the first century CE. This date is at least six centuries after the Uffington Horse was probably carved. Nevertheless, the horse had great ritual and economic significance during the Bronze and Iron Ages, as attested by its depictions on jewellery and other metal objects. It is possible that the carving represents a goddess in native mythology, such as Rhiannon, described in later Welsh mythology as a beautiful woman dressed in gold and riding a white horse. The fact that geoglyphs can disappear easily, along with their associated rituals and meaning, indicates that they were never intended to be anything more than temporary gestures. But this does not lessen their importance. These giant carvings are a fascinating glimpse into the minds of their creators and how they viewed the landscape in which they lived. ----------------------------------------- *Bronze Age: a period in Britain c. 2,500 BCE-800 BCE) that is characterised by the development of bronze tools **Neolithic: a period in Britain c. 4,000 BCE - c. 2,500 BCE) that is significant for the spread of agricultural practices, and the use of stone tools *** Celtic: an ancient people who migrated from Europe to Britain before the Romans
Câu hỏi (questions)
Question 1 - 8
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
In boxes on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
1
Most geoglyphs in England are located in a particular area of the country.
2
There are more geoglyphs in the shape of a horse than any other creature.
3
A recent dating of the Uffington White Horse indicates that people were mistaken about its age.
4
Historians have come to an agreement about the origins of the Long Man of Wilmington.
5
Geoglyphs were created by people placing white chalk on the hillside.
6
Many geoglyphs in England are no longer visible.
7
The shape of some geoglyphs has been altered over time.
8
The fame of the Uffington White Horse is due to its size.
Question 9 - 13
Complete the notes below.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes on your answer sheet.
The Uffington White Horse

The location of the Uffington White Horse:

• a distance of 2.5 km from Uffington village

• near an ancient road known as the

9

• close to an ancient cemetery that has a number of burial mounds

Dating the Uffington White Horse:

• first reference to White Horse Hill appears in

10
from the 1070s

• horses shown on coins from the period 100 BCE - 1 BCE are similar in appearance

• according to analysis of the surrounding

11
, the Horse is Late Bronze Age / Early Iron Age

Possible reasons for creation of the Uffington White Horse:

• an emblem to indicate land ownership

• formed part of an ancient ritual

• was a representation of goddess Epona - associated with protection of horses

and

12

• was a representation of a Welsh goddess called

13

Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)
1
True
Xem full giải thích
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2
Not Given
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3
True
Xem full giải thích
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4
False
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5
False
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6
True
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7
True
Xem full giải thích
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8
Not Given
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9
Ridgeway
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10
documents
Xem full giải thích
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11
soil
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12
fertility
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13
Rhiannon
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