The Rufous Hare-Wallaby IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage The Rufous Hare-Wallaby được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Practice Test Plus 3 - Test 3 - Passage 1 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
The Rufous Hare-Wallaby IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

The Rufous Hare-Wallaby
The Rufous Hare-Wallaby is a species of Australian kangaroo, usually known by its Aboriginal name, ‘mala’. At one time, there may have been as many as ten million of these little animals across the arid and semi-arid landscape of Australia, but their populations, like those of so many other small endemic species, were devastated when cats and foxes were introduced - indeed, during the 1950s it was thought that the mala was extinct. But in 1964, a small colony was found 450 miles northwest of Alice Springs in the Tanami Desert. And 12 years later, a second small colony was found nearby. Very extensive surveys were made throughout historical mala range - but no other traces were found. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, scientists from the Parks and Wildlife Commission of the Northern Territory monitored these two populations. At first it seemed that they were holding their own. Then in late 1987, every one of the individuals of the second and smaller of the wild colonies was killed. From examination of the tracks in the sand, it seemed that just one single fox had been responsible. And then, in October 1991, a wild-fire destroyed the entire area occupied by the remaining colony. Thus the mala was finally pronounced extinct in the wild. Fortunately, ten years earlier, seven individuals had been captured, and had become the founders of a captive breeding programme at the Arid Zone Research Institute in Alice Springs; and that group had thrived. Part of this success is due to the fact that the female can breed when she is just five months old and can produce up to three young a year. Like other kangaroo species, the mother carries her young - known as a joey - in her pouch for about 15 weeks, and she can have more than one joey at the same time. In the early 1980s, there were enough mala in the captive population to make it feasible to start a reintroduction programme. But first it was necessary to discuss this with the leaders of the Yapa people. Traditionally, the mala had been an important animal in their culture, with strong medicinal powers for old people. It had also been an important food source, and there were concerns that any mala returned to the wild would be killed for the pot. And so, in 1980, a group of key Yapa men was invited to visit the proposed reintroduction area. The skills and knowledge of the Yapa would play a significant and enduring role in this and all other mala projects. With the help of the local Yapa, an electric fence was erected around 250 acres of suitable habitat, about 300 miles' northwest of Alice Springs so that the mala could adapt while protected from predators. By 1992, there were about 150 mala in their enclosure, which became known as the Mala Paddock. However, all attempts to reintroduce mala from the paddocks into the unfenced wild were unsuccessful, so in the end the reintroduction programme was abandoned. The team now faced a situation where mala could be bred, but not released into the wild again. Thus, in 1993, a Mala Recovery Team was established to boost mala numbers, and goals for a new programme were set: the team concentrated on finding suitable predator-free or predator-controlled conservation sites within the mala’s known range. Finally, in March 1999, twelve adult females, eight adult males, and eight joeys were transferred from the Mala Paddock to Dryandra Woodland in Western Australia. Then, a few months later, a second group was transferred to Trimouille, an island off the coast of western Australia. First, it had been necessary to rid the island of rats and cats - a task that had taken two years of hard work. Six weeks after their release into this conservation site, a team returned to the island to find out how things were going. Each of the malas had been fitted with a radio collar that transmits for about 14 months, after which it falls off. The team was able to locate 29 out of the 30 transmitters - only one came from the collar of a mala that had died of unknown causes. So far the recovery programme had gone even better than expected. Today, there are many signs suggesting that the mala population on the island is continuing to do well.

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 5
Complete the flow chart below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.
The Wild Australian mala
STEP 01
Distant past: total population of up to
1
in desert and semi-desert regions.
STEP 02
Populations of malas were destroyed by
2

STEP 03
1964/1976: two surviving colonies were discovered.
STEP 04
Scientists
3
the colonies.
STEP 05
1987: one of the colonies was completely destroyed.
STEP 06
1991: the other colony was destroyed by
4

STEP 07
The wild mala was declared
5
Question 6 - 9
Answer the questions below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.
6
At what age can female malas start breeding?
7
For about how long do young malas stay inside their mother’s pouch?
8
Apart from being a food source, what value did malas have for the Yapa people?
9
What was the Yapa’s lasting contribution to the mala reintroduction programme?
Question 10 - 13
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage? Write:
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
10
Natural defences were sufficient to protect the area called Mala Paddock.
11
Scientists eventually gave up their efforts to release captive mala into the unprotected wild.
12
The mala population which was transferred to Dryandra Woodland quickly increased in size.
13
Scientists were satisfied with the initial results of the recovery programme.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
10 million/ten million
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: Distant past: total population of up to _____ in desert and semi-desert regions.

=> Đáp án là một con số - chỉ dân số của loài mala





Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 At one time , there may have been as many as ten million of these little animals across the arid and semi-arid landscape

Xem full giải thích
2
cats and foxes/ foxes and cats
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: Populations of malas were destroyed by ______

=> Đáp án là danh từ - thứ gì đó đã tàn phá dân số của malas





Áp dụng đọc simplify với Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 their populations , like those of... , were devastated when cats and foxes were introduced

Xem full giải thích
3
monitored
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Dựa vào số năm, ta dễ dàng tìm thấy thông tin về 2 colonies được tìm thấy - 'in 1964, a small colony was found... And 12 years later, a second small colony was found nearby'

=> Sau khi đọc câu hỏi, ta biết cần đọc xem scientist đã làm gì với colonies này



Áp dụng đọc simplify với Linearthinking:

 scientists monitored these two populations

>>> Ta không cần để tâm tới thời gian + thông tin nền về các scientists

Xem full giải thích
4
a wild-fire/a fire/fire
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Có số năm 1991, ta nhanh chóng tìm được thông tin

=> Qua câu hỏi, biết cần tìm một thứ đã tiêu diệt colony còn lại



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 in October 1991 , a wild-fire destroyed the entire area occupied by the remaining colony.

=> Wild-fire - phá hủy - nơi ở của the remaining colony

Xem full giải thích
5
extinct
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Câu này rất dễ, đáp án như được trưng ra trước mắt mình

Với declared = pronounced

(Bạn nào chưa biết 'declare' thì note lại luôn vì đây là một synonym rất phổ biến của 'pronounce'

)

=> Answer: extinct



Xem full giải thích
6
5 months/five months
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ta nhanh chóng tìm thấy thông tin về 'female malas start breeding' vì câu hỏi gần như không paraphrase

=> Vì đáp án là số tuổi, nên ta dễ dàng điền được đáp án

Answer: five months old



Xem full giải thích
7
15 weeks/fifteen weeks
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: : For about how long do young malas stay inside their mother’s pouch?

=> How long? -> Đáp án là thời gian mà kangaroo mẹ mang con mình trong túi





Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 the mother carries her young in her pouch for about 15 weeks

Xem full giải thích
8
strong medicinal powers/medicinal powers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: Apart from being a food source, what value did malas have for the Yapa people?

=> Ta cần biết malas có giá trị gì đối với người Yapa- bên cạnh việc làm thức ăn





Áp dụng đọc connection với Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 1 Traditionally , the mala had been an important animal in their culture , with strong medicinal powers for old people. 

Xem full giải thích
9
skills and knowledge
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng đọc connection với Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 1 in 1980 , a group of key Yapa men was invited to visit the proposed reintroduction area. 

 2 The skills and knowledge of the Yapa would play a significant and enduring role in this and all other mala projects.

=> 1 + 2 : Skills and knowledge của người Yapa - sẽ đóng vai trò quan trọng - đối với - mala reintroduction projects

=> Skills and knowledge thứ người Yapa đóng góp (contribution) cho mala reintroduction projects

Xem full giải thích
10
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Dựa vào tên riêng 'Mala Paddock', ta có thể xác định được đoạn cần đọc

=> Tuy nhiên nếu theo quán tính đọc tiếp từ chữ Mala Paddock ta sẽ bỏ lỡ thông tin nha

=> Ở câu này họ nó về cách bảo vệ trước - rồi mới giới thiệu tên Mala Paddock sau





Áp dụng đọc simplify + connection với Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

Xem full giải thích
11
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 However , all attempts to reintroduce mala from the paddocks into the unfenced wild were unsuccessful , so in the end the reintroduction programme was abandoned

=> unfenced nghĩa là không được phủ hàng rào -> ý là không được bảo vệ = unprotected

=> Việc thả captive mala trở lại tự nhiên - đã không thành công -> cuối cùng - dự án bị bác bỏ

=> Nói cách khác, cuối cùng scientists đã từ bỏ việc reintroduce mala into the wild

Xem full giải thích
12
Not Given
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: The mala population which was transferred to Dryandra Woodland quickly increased in size.

=> Số lượng mala được chuyển đến Dryandra Woodland nhanh chóng sinh sôi

=> Ta có thể thấy thông tin mala được 'transferred from the Mala Paddock to Dryandra Woodland'

=> Tuy nhiên đọc hết phần còn lại của bài đọc cũng không hề thấy thông tin về việc chúng sinh sôi/trở nên đông hơn

=> Chọn NOT GIVEN



Xem full giải thích
13
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 So far the recovery programme had gone even better than expected.

=> The recovery programme - đã trở nên tốt hơn dự kiến

=> Tốt hơn dự kiến đồng nghĩa với việc scientists hài lòng với kết quả

=> Chọn TRUE



Xem full giải thích

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