The Economic Importance Of Coral Reefs IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage The Economic Importance Of Coral Reefs được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Practice Test Plus 3 - Test 5 - Passage 1 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
The Economic Importance Of Coral Reefs IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

The economic importance of coral reefs
A lot of people around the world are dependent, or partly dependent, on coral reefs for their livelihoods. They often live adjacent to the reef, and their livelihood revolves around the direct extraction, processing and sale of reef resources such as shell fish and seaweeds. In addition, their homes are sheltered by the reef from wave action. Reef flats and shallow reef lagoons are accessible on foot, without the need for a boat, and so allow women, children and the elderly to engage directly in manual harvesting, or ‘reef-gleaning’. This is a significant factor distinguishing reef-based fisheries from near-shore sea fisheries. Near-shore fisheries are typically the domain of adult males, in particular where they involve the use of boats, with women and children restricted mainly to shore-based activities. However, in a coral-reef fishery the physical accessibility of the reef opens up opportunities for direct participation by women, and consequently increases their independence and the importance of their role in the community. It also provides a place for children to play, and to acquire important skills and knowledge for later in life. For example, in the South West Island of Tobi, in the Pacific Ocean, young boys use simple hand lines with a loop and bait at the end to develop the art of fishing on the reef. Similarly, in the Surin Islands of Thailand, young Moken boys spend much of their time playing, swimming and diving in shallow reef lagoons, and in doing so build crucial skills for their future daily subsistence. Secondary occupations, such as fish processing and marketing activities, are often dominated by women, and offer an important survival strategy for households with access to few other physical assets (such as boats and gear), for elderly women, widows, or the wives of infirm men. On Ulithi Atoll in the western Pacific, women have a distinct role and rights in the distribution of fish catches. This is because the canoes, made from mahogany logs from nearby Yap Island, are obtained through the exchange of cloth made by the women of Ulithi. Small-scale reef fisheries support the involvement of local women traders and their involvement can give them greater control over the household income, and in negotiating for loans or credit. Thus their role is not only important in providing income for their families, it also underpins the economy of the local village. Poor people with little access to land, labour and financial resources are particularly reliant on exploiting natural resources, and consequently they are vulnerable to seasonal changes in availability of those resources. The diversity of coral reef fisheries, combined with their physical accessibility and the protection they provide against bad weather, make them relatively stable compared with other fisheries, or land-based agricultural production. In many places, the reef may even act as a resource bank, used as a means of saving food for future times of need. In Manus, Papua New Guinea, giant clams are collected and held in walled enclosures on the reef, until they are needed during periods of rough weather. In Palau,sea cucumbers are seldom eaten during good weather in an effort to conserve their populations for months during which rough weather prohibits good fishing. Coral reef resources also act as a buffer against seasonal lows in other sectors, particularly agriculture. For example, in coastal communities in northern Mozambique, reef harvests provide key sources of food and cash when agricultural production is low, with the peak in fisheries production coinciding with the period of lowest agricultural stocks. In Papua New Guinea, while agriculture is the primary means of food production, a large proportion of the coastal population engage in sporadic subsistence fishing. In many coral-reef areas, tourism is one of the main industries bringing employment, and in many cases is promoted to provide alternatives to fisheries-based livelihoods, and to ensure that local reef resources are conserved. In the Caribbean alone, tours based on scuba-diving have attracted 20 million people in one year. The upgrading of roads and communications associated with the expansion of tourism may also bring benefits to local communities. However, plans for development must be considered carefully. The ability of the poorer members of the community to access the benefits of tourism is far from guaranteed, and requires development guided by social, cultural and environmental principles. There is growing recognition that sustainability is a key requirement, as encompassed in small-scale eco-tourism activities, for instance. Where tourism development has not been carefully planned, and the needs and priorities of the local community have not been properly recognized, conflict has sometimes arisen between tourism and local, small-scale fishers.

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 7
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage?
In following statements below, choose
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
1
In most places, coral-reef gleaning is normally carried out by men.
2
Involvement in coral-reef-based occupations raises the status of women.
3
Coral reefs provide valuable learning opportunities for young children.
4
The women of Ulithi Atoll have some control over how fish catches are shared out.
5
Boats for use by the inhabitants of Ulithi are constructed on Yap Island.
6
In coral reef fisheries, only male traders can apply for finance.
7
Coral reefs provide a less constant source of income than near-shore seas.
Question 8 - 13
Complete the notes below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer
How coral-reef-based resources protect people during difficult times
Coral reefs can provide
  a resource bank, e.g. for keeping clams and 
8
 
  a seasonal back-up, when 
9
  products are insufficient
e.g. in northern Mozambique.
  a tourist attraction, e.g. 
10
  tours in the Caribbean.
Benefits for local people include:
  The creation of jobs.
  Improvements to roads and 
11

Important considerations:
  Development must be based on appropriate principles.
  Need for 
12
 
Poorly-planned development can create 
13
  with local fishers.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
False
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 Reef flats and shallow reef lagoons are accessible on foot , and so allow women, children and the elderly to engage directly in manual harvesting , or ‘reef-gleaning’

=> Reef-gleaning không chỉ được thực hiện bởi men - mà còn bởi women, children and the elderly

=> Chọn FALSE



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2
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 However , in a coral-reef fishery the physical accessibility of the reef opens up opportunities for direct participation by women , and consequently increases their independence and the importance of their role in the community.

=> Women có cơ hội tham gia trực tiếp vào việc khai thác coral-reef - điều này giúp tăng independence và the importance of their role in the community

=> Tăng independence + importance of their role in the community = Nâng cao social status

=> Chọn TRUE



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3
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 It also provides a place for children to play , and to acquire important skills and knowledge for later in life.

=> Coral reefs là nơi để trẻ em chơi - và - nơi để chúng tiếp thu các kiến thức và kỹ năng

=> Nói cách khác, coral reefs mang lại các cơ hội học tập cho trẻ em

=> Chọn TRUE



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4
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 On Ulithi Atoll , women have a distinct role and rights in the distribution of fish catches.

=> distribute = share out = phân bố/phân phối

=> Có distinct role and rights in distribution = có control over distribution

=> Chọn TRUE



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5
Not Given
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Câu này nếu không đọc kỹ mà chỉ skim&scan, khi thấy 'nearby Yap Island' khác với 'on Yap Island', liền vội chọn FALSE là sẽ bị sai





Thay vào đó, để hiểu rõ thì ta đọc cấu trúc câu với Linearthinking nhé

 This is because the canoes , made from mahogany logs from nearby Yap Island , are obtained through the exchange of cloth made by the women of Ulithi.

=> Họ lấy canoes - thông qua việc trao đổi vải - của phụ nữ ở Ulithi - và - các canoes này được làm từ gỗ mahogany nearby Yap Island

=> Nearby Yap Island là vị trí của loại gỗ mahogany - không nhắc đến nơi canoes được sản xuất

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6
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 Small-scale reef fisheries support the involvement of local women traders and their involvement can give them greater control over the household income , and in negotiating for loans or credit.

=> Không chỉ 'male traders', 'women traders' cũng có thể tham gia vào các vấn đề finance như household income, negotiating for loans or credit

=> Chọn FALSE



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7
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 The diversity of coral reef fisheries... , make them relatively stable compared with other fisheries

=> Ngành coral reef fisheries - stable hơn - so với cách ngành fisheries khác

=> Stable hơn nghĩa là có thu nhập ổn định hơn (more constant income) chứ không phải less constant income

=> Chọn FALSE



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8
sea cucumbers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng đọc simplify + connection với Linearthinking:

 1 the reef may even act as a resource bank , used as a means of saving food for future times of need. 

 2 In Manus , giant clams are collected and held... 

 3 In Palau , sea cucumbers are seldom eaten during good weather...

=> Câu 1 cho biết the reef hoạt động như resource bank - được dùng để dự trữ thức ăn

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9
agricultural
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: Coral reefs can provide a seasonal back-up, when ______ products are insufficient, e.g. in northern Mozambique.

=> Đáp án là tính từ/danh từ - bổ nghĩa cho products

=> Vì là tên riêng nên ta có thể nhanh chóng tìm được thông tin 'northen Mozambique'





Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

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10
scuba diving
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Dựa vào tên riêng Caribbean, ta có thể nhanh chóng tìm ra thông tin cần đọc

=> Vì đáp án cần điền là một danh từ/tính từ - bổ nghĩa cho tour , ta có thể dễ dàng điền được đáp án

=> scuba diving tours = tour based on scuba-diving

=> Answer: scuba-diving



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11
communi­cations
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Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: Benefits for local people include improvements to roads and ______

=> Đáp án là danh từ - song song với 'roads'

=> Improvements the upgrading cũng là 2 synonym đơn giản

=> Ta dễ dàng suy ra đáp án là: communications



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12
sustain­ability
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi thấy thông tin 'development guided by social, cultural and environmental principles' trong bài- ứng với 'Development must be based on appropriate principles.' trên summary

=> Ta biết thông tin cần tiền sẽ ở ngay phía sau



Hiểu câu hỏi: Important considerations: Need for _____

=> Đáp án là danh từ - một thứ gì đó cần thiết



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13
conflict
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng đọc simplify với Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 Where tourism development has not been carefully planned , conflict has sometimes arisen between tourism and local, small-scale fishers.

=> Nếu development bị poorly planned - conflict sẽ có thể xảy ra - giữa tourism và local fishers

=> Answer: conflict



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