Silbo Gomero – The Whistle ‘Language’ Of The Canary Islands IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage Silbo Gomero – The Whistle ‘Language’ Of The Canary Islands được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Cambridge IELTS Practice Test 15 - Test 4 - Passage 2 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Silbo Gomero – The Whistle ‘Language’ Of The Canary Islands IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

Silbo Gomero – the whistle ‘language’ of the Canary Islands
La Gomera is one of the Canary Islands situated in the Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of Africa. This small volcanic island is mountainous, with steep rocky slopes and deep, wooded ravines, rising to 1,487 meters at its highest peak. It is also home to the best known of the world’s whistle ‘languages’, a means of transmitting information over long distances which is perfectly adapted to the extreme terrain of the island. This ‘language’, known as ‘Silbo’ or ‘Silbo Gomero’ – from the Spanish word for ‘whistle’ – is now shedding light on the language-processing abilities of the human brain, according to scientists. Researchers say that Silbo activates parts of the brain normally associated with spoken language, suggesting that the brain is remarkably flexible in its ability to interpret sounds as language. ‘Science has developed the idea of brain areas that are dedicated to language, and we are starting to understand the scope of signals that can be recognized as a language,’ says David Corina, co-author of a recent study and associate professor of psychology at the University of Washington in Seattle. Silbo is a substitute for Spanish, with individual words recoded into whistles that have high- and low-frequency tones. A whistler – or silbador – puts a finger in his or her mouth to increase the whistle’s pitch, while the other hand can be cupped to adjust the direction of the sound. ‘There is much more ambiguity in the whistled signal than in the spoken signal,’ explains lead researcher Manuel Carreiras, a psychology professor at the University of La Laguna on the Canary island of Tenerife. Because whistled ‘words’ can be hard to distinguish, silbadores rely on repetition, as well as awareness of context, to make themselves understood. The silbadores of Gomera are traditionally shepherds and other isolated mountain folk, and their novel means of staying in touch allows them to communicate over distances of up to 10 kilometers. Carreiras explains that silbadores are able to pass a surprising amount of information via their whistles. ‘In daily life, they use whistles to communicate short commands, but any Spanish sentence could be whistled.’ Silbo has proved particularly useful when fires have occurred on the island and rapid communication across large areas has been vital. The study team used neuroimaging equipment to contrast the brain activity of sobadores while listening to whistled and spoken Spanish. Results showed the left temporal lobe of the brain, which is usually associated with spoken language, was engaged during the processing of Silbo. The researchers found that other key regions in the brain’s frontal lobe also responded to the whistles, including those activated in response to sign language among deaf people. When the experiments were repeated with non-whistlers, however, activation was observed in all areas of the brain. ‘Our results provide more evidence about the flexibility of human capacity for language in a variety of forms,’ Corina says. ‘These data suggest that left-hemisphere language regions are uniquely adapted for communicative purposes, independent of the modality of a signal. The non-Silbo speakers were not recognising Silbo as a language. They had nothing to grab onto, so multiple areas of their brains were activated.’ Carreiras says the origins of Silbo Gomero remain obscure, but that indigenous Canary Islanders, who were of North African origin, already had a whistled language when Spain conquered the volcanic islands in the 15th century. Whistled languages survive today in Papua New Guinea, Mexico, Vietnam, Guyana, China, Nepal, Senegal, and a few mountainous pockets in southern Europe. There are thought to be as many as 70 whistled languages still in use, though only 12 have been described and studied scientifically. This form of communication is an adaptation found among cultures where people are often isolated from each other, according to Julien Meyer, a researcher at the Institute of Human Sciences in Lyon, France. ‘They are mostly used in mountains or dense forests,’ he says. ‘Whistled languages are quite clearly defined and represent an original adaptation of the spoken language for the needs of isolated human groups.’ But with modern communication technology now widely available, researchers say whistled languages like Silbo are threatened with extinction. With dwindling numbers of Gomera islanders still fluent in the language, Canaries’ authorities are taking steps to try to ensure its survival. Since 1999, Silbo Gomero has been taught in all of the island’s elementary schools. In addition, locals are seeking assistance from the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). ‘The local authorities are trying to get an award from the organization to declare [Silbo Gomero] as something that should be preserved for humanity,’ Carreiras adds.

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 6
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage?
In following statements below, choose
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
1
La Gomera is the most mountainous of all the Canary Islands.
2
Silbo is only appropriate for short and simple messages.
3
In the brain-activity study, silbadores and non-whistlers produced different results.
4
The Spanish introduced Silbo to the islands in the 15th century.
5
There is precise data available regarding all of the whistle languages in existence today.
6
The children of Gomera now learn Silbo.
Question 7 - 13
Complete the notes below.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes on your answer sheet.
Silbo Gomero
How Silbo is produced
● high- and low-frequency tones represent different sounds in Spanish
7

● pitch of whistle is controlled using silbador’s
8

9
is changed with a cupped hand

How Silbo is used
● has long been used by shepherds and people living in secluded locations
● in everyday use for the transmission of brief
10

● can relay essential information quickly, e.g. to inform people about
11


The future of Silbo
● future under threat because of the new
12

● Canaries’ authorities hoping to receive a UNESCO
13
to help preserve it

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
Not Given
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking

La Gomera is one of Canary Islands ...

 This island is mountainous ...

=> Main idea:  La Gomera of Canary is a mountainous island

-> Hòn đảo có "mountainous" , nhưng bài không hề đề cập tới việc nó là " the most mountainous"

=> Đáp án: C. Not given



Xem full giải thích
2
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:

silbadores are able to pass a surprising amount of information via their whistles. 

 they use whistles to communicate short commands , but any Spanish sentence  could be whistled 

=> Main idea: Silbo is appropriate for even long, difficult sentences

So với Question: Silbo is only appropriate for short and simple messages

=> Đáp án: B. False



Xem full giải thích
3
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:



 1 study team used equipment to contrast the brain activity of sobadores while listening to whistled and spoken Spanish .

 2 Results showed the left temporal lobe of the brain was engaged during the processing of Silbo .

 3 brain’s frontal lobe also responded to the whistles .

-> some parts of the brain of Sobadores are activated

Xem full giải thích
4
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:



 the origins of Silbo Gomero remain obscure but that Canary Islanders already had a whistled language when Spain conquered the islands in the 15th century. 

=> Main idea: Canary Islanders had a whistled language before the Spanish came

So với Question: The Spanish introduced Silbo to the islands in the 15th century (=Canary Islanders had a whistled language after the Spanish came)

=> Đáp án: B. False



Xem full giải thích
5
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:



 There are thought to be many whistled languages still in use , though only few have been studied scientifically .

=> Main idea: There is precise data available regarding few whistle languages in existence today (Có sẵn dữ liệu chính xác về một số ngôn ngữ còn tồn tại đến ngày nay)

So với Question: There is precise data available regarding all of the whistle languages in existence today

=> Đáp án: B. False



Xem full giải thích
6
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Câu này khá đơn giản : Silbo Gomero has been taught in all of the island’s elementary schools => Main idea:  Children has been learnning Silbo

So với Question: The children of Gomera now learn Silbo

=> Đáp án: A. True

Xem full giải thích
7
words
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking

Silbo is a substitute for Spanish with individual words recoded into whistles that have high- and low-frequency tones -> Main idea: Spanish words are recoded into whistles that have high- and low-frequency tones

-> Vậy: high- and low-frequency tones represent different sounds in Spanish _________ = Spanish, with individual words recoded into whistles

=> Đáp án: words



Xem full giải thích
8
finger
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:

A whistler or silbador puts a finger in his or her mouth to increase the whistle’s pitch -> Main idea: Silbadors use finger to control the pitch of whistle

-> Vậy: How Silbo is produced- pitch of whistle is controlled using silbador’s __________ = puts a finger in his or her mouth

=> Đáp án: finger



Xem full giải thích
9
direction
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

(Located info thuộc câu đã đọc cấu trúc trước đó) Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:

the other hand - can be cupped to adjust the direction of the sound (of Silbo) 

-> Main idea: The whistlers can change the direction of Silbo using cupped hand

-> Vậy: How Silbo is produced - __________ is changed with a cupped hand = the other hand can be cupped to adjust the direction of the sound.

=> Đáp án: direction



Xem full giải thích
10
commands
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Câu này cấu trúc câu đơn giản, chỉ cần biết được Paraphrase giữa Passage và Question là bạn sẽ nhìn ra ngay đáp án: - daily life -> everyday use - to communicate -> the transmission - short -> brief

=> Đáp án: commands





Xem full giải thích
11
fires
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:

Silbo proved useful when fires occurred and rapid communication has been vital -> Main idea: Silbo is used to quickly send essential information about fires

-> Vậy: How Silbo is used

- can relay essential information quickly, e.g. to inform people about __________ = Silbo has proved particularly useful when fires have occurred on the island

=> Đáp án: fires

Xem full giải thích
12
technology
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:

with modern communication technology available , whistled languages like Silbo are threatened with extinction -> Main idea: Silbo are threatened with extinction because of new technology

-> Vậy: The future of Silbo

- future (of Silbo) - under threat - because of new __________ = with modern communication technology now widely available

=> Đáp án: technology



Xem full giải thích
13
award
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL's Linearthinking:

 1 locals are seeking assistance from UNESCO

 2 The local authorities are trying to get an award from the organization to declare [Silbo Gomero] as something that should be preserved for humanity 

-> Main idea: The authorities are trying to get an award from UNESCO in order to preserve Silbo

-> Vậy: The future of Silbo - Canaries’ authorities hoping to receive a UNESCO ____________to help preserve it = The local authorities are trying to get an award from the organisation

Xem full giải thích

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