Nurturing Talent Within The Family IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage Nurturing Talent Within The Family được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Practice Test Plus 1 - Test 2 - Passage 3 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Nurturing Talent Within The Family IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

Nurturing talent within the family
What do we mean by being ‘talented’ or ‘gifted’? The most obvious way is to look at the work someone does and if they are capable of significant success, label them as talented. The purely quantitative route - ‘percentage definition’ - looks not at individuals, but at simple percentages, such as the top five per cent of the population, and labels them - by definition - as gifted. This definition has fallen from favour, eclipsed by the advent of IQ tests, favoured by luminaries such as Professor Hans Eysenck, where a series of written or verbal tests of general intelligence leads to a score of intelligence. The IQ test has been eclipsed in turn. Most people studying intelligence and creativity in the new millennium now prefer a broader definition, using a multifaceted approach where talents in many areas are recognised rather than purely concentrating on academic achievement. If we are therefore assuming that talented, creative or gifted individuals may need to be assessed across a range of abilities, does this mean intelligence can run in families as a genetic or inherited tendency? Mental dysfunction - such as schizophrenia - can, so is an efficient mental capacity passed on from parent to child? Animal experiments throw some light on this question, and on the whole area of whether it is genetics, the environment or a combination of the two that allows for intelligence and creative ability. Different strains of rats show great differences in intelligence or ‘rat reasoning’. If these are brought up in normal conditions and then mn through a maze to reach a food goal, the ‘bright’ strain make far fewer wrong turns that the ‘dull’ ones. But if the environment is made dull and boring the number of errors becomes equal. Return the rats to an exciting maze and the discrepancy returns as before - but is much smaller. In other words, a dull rat in a stimulating environment will almost do as well as a bright rat who is bored in a normal one. This principle applies to humans too - someone may be born with innate intelligence, but their environment probably has the final say over whether they become creative or even a genius. Evidence now exists that most young children, if given enough opportunities and encouragement, are able to achieve significant and sustainable levels of academic or sporting prowess. Bright or creative children are often physically very active at the same time, and so may receive more parental attention as a result - almost by default - in order to ensure their safety. They may also talk earlier, and this, in turn, breeds parental interest. This can sometimes cause problems with other siblings who may feel jealous even though they themselves may be bright. Their creative talents may be undervalued and so never come to fruition. Two themes seem to run through famously creative families as a result. The first is that the parents were able to identify the talents of each child, and nurture and encourage these accordingly but in an even-handed manner. Individual differences were encouraged, and friendly sibling rivalry was not seen as a particular problem. If the father is, say, a famous actor, there is no undue pressure for his children to follow him onto the boards, but instead their chosen interests are encouraged. There need not even by any obvious talent in such a family since there always needs to be someone who sets the family career in motion, as in the case of the Sheen acting dynasty. Martin Sheen was the seventh of ten children born to a Spanish immigrant father and an Irish mother. Despite intense parental disapproval he turned his back on entrance exams to university and borrowed cash from a local priest to start a fledgling acting career. His acting successes in films such as Badlands and Apocalypse Now made him one of the most highly-regarded actors of the 1970s. Three sons - Emilio Estevez, Ramon Estevez and Charlie Sheen - have followed him into the profession as a consequence of being inspired by his motivation and enthusiasm. A stream seems to run through creative families. Such children are not necessarily smothered with love by their parents. They feel loved and wanted, and are secure in their home, but are often more surrounded by an atmosphere of work and where following a calling appears to be important. They may see from their parents that it takes time and dedication to be master of a craft, and so are in less of a hurry to achieve for themselves once they start to work. The generation of creativity is complex: it is a mixture of genetics, the environment, parental teaching and luck that determines how successful or talented family members are. This last point - luck - is often not mentioned where talent is concerned but plays an undoubted part. Mozart, considered by many to be the finest composer of all time, was lucky to be living in an age that encouraged the writing of music. He was brought up surrounded by it, his father was a musician who encouraged him to the point of giving up his job to promote his child genius, and he learnt musical composition with frightening speed - the speed of a genius. Mozart himself simply wanted to create the finest music ever written but did not necessarily view himself as a genius - he could write sublime music at will, and so often preferred to lead a hedonistic lifestyle that he found more exciting than writing music to order. Albert Einstein and Bill Gates are two more examples of people whose talents have blossomed by virtue of the times they were living in. Einstein was a solitary, somewhat slow child who had affection at home but whose phenomenal intelligence emerged without any obvious parental input. This may have been partly due to the fact that at the start of the 20th Century a lot of the Newtonian laws of physics were being questioned, leaving a fertile ground for ideas such as his to be developed. Bill Gates may have had the creative vision to develop Microsoft, but without the new computer age dawning at the same time he may never have achieved the position on the world stage he now occupies.

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 2
Complete the notes, which show how the approaches to defining 'talent'*have changed.
Choose ONE or TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer
1
‘percentage definition’





Question 3 - 5
Which THREE of the following does the writer regard as a feature of creative families?
Write the appropriate letters A-F
Which THREE of the following does the writer regard as a feature of creative families?
A
a higher than average level of parental affection
B
competition between brothers and sisters
C
parents who demonstrate vocational commitment
D
strong motivation to take exams and attend university
E
a patient approach to achieving success
F
the identification of the most talented child in the family
Question 6 - 7
Choose appropriate options A, B, C or D.
6
The rat experiment was conducted to show that
A
certain species of rat are more intelligent than others.
B
intelligent rats are more motivated than ‘dull’ rats.
C
a rat’s surroundings can influence its behaviour.
D
a boring environment has little impact on a ‘bright’ rat.
7
The writer cites the story of Martin Sheen to show that
A
he was the first in a creative line.
B
his parents did not have his creative flair.
C
he became an actor without proper training.
D
his sons were able to benefit from his talents.
Question 8 - 12
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage
In following statements below, choose
YES if the statement agrees with the information
NO if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
8
Intelligence tests have now been proved to be unreliable.
9
The brother or sister of a gifted older child may fail to fulfil their own potential.
10
The importance of luck in the genius equation tends to be ignored.
11
Mozart was acutely aware of his own remarkable talent.
12
Einstein and Gates would have achieved success in any era.
Question 13
From the list below choose the most suitable title for the whole of Reading Passage.
Choose appropriate options A, B, C or D.
13
choose the most suitable title for the whole of Reading Passage
A
Geniuses in their time
B
Education for the gifted
C
Revising the definition of intelligence
D
Nurturing talent within the family

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
IQ/intelligence
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Dựa vào thông tin 'percentage definition', ta có thể dễ dàng khoanh vùng được thông tin cần đọc



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 This definition (percentage definition) has fallen from favour , eclipsed by IQ tests where a series of written or verbal tests of general intelligence leads to a score of intelligence. 

=> Percentage definition không còn được ưa chuộng và bị eclipsed by IQ tests.

=> Từ vế trước, ta đoán được "eclisped"thay thế/áp đảo

Xem full giải thích
2
multifaceted approach/multi-faceted approach
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 1 The IQ test has been eclipsed in turn .

 2 Most people now prefer a broader definition , using a multifaceted approach

=> Một lần nữa ta gặp lại từ 'eclisped', tuy nhiên dựa vào câu trước, ta đã rút ra được nghĩa của 'eclisped' = 'replaced' rồi

=> IQ test sau đó bị thay thế bởi 'multifacted approach'

Xem full giải thích
3
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Dựa vào thông tin 'creative families', ta nhanh chóng locate được thông tin



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 1 Two themes seem to run through creative families

 2 Individual differences were encouraged , and friendly sibling rivalry was not seen as a problem .

=> Từ 'rivalry' có thể sẽ lạ với một số bạn nhưng nếu dựa vào từ 'sibling' quen thuộc hơn, ta vẫn suy ra được đáp án -> Cái gì đó giữa anh em trong nhà không phải là vấn đề -> So với câu hỏi, đoán được 'rivalry' = 'competition'

Xem full giải thích
4
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 1 A stream seems to run through creative families .

 2 Such children are not necessarily smothered with love by their parents .

 3 They feel loved but are often more surrounded by an atmosphere of work

=> Main idea: Trẻ em cảm thấy được yêu thương, nhưng thường xuyên bị bao quanh bởi bầu không khí công việc

Xem full giải thích
5
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 They may see from their parents that it takes time to be master , and so are in less of a hurry to achieve for themselves

=> Khi thấy bố mẹ - mất nhiều thời gian để thành thạo một việc gì đó - con cái sẽ 'in less of hurry' khi muốn đạt được thứ gì đó

=> in less of a hurry = patient

=> Đáp án: E - a patient approach to achieving success



Xem full giải thích
6
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 a dull rat in a stimulating environment will almost do as well as a bright rat who is bored in a normal one (=environment) .

=> Chuột khờ - trong một môi trường thú vị - cũng sẽ làm tốt như - chuột thông minh - trong môi trường bình thường

=> Môi trường xung quanh có thể ảnh hưởng tới hành vi của chuột

=> Đáp án: C - a rat’s surroundings can influence its behaviour



Xem full giải thích
7
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Dựa vào tên riêng 'Martin Sheen' ta có thể nhanh chóng locate được thông tin cần đọc



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 there always needs to be someone who sets the family career in motion , as in the case of the Sheen acting dynasty 

=> Sheen là ví dụ cho trường hợp một người sets the family career in motion - bắt đầu một sự nghiệp gia đình

=> Trong trường hợp không hiểu 'set sth in motion' nghĩa là gì, đọc ví dụ phía sau ta sẽ rõ ngay

Xem full giải thích
8
Not Given
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

Hiểu câu hỏi: Intelligence tests have now been proved to be unreliable 

=> IQ test được chứng minh là không đáng tin

Phân tích info:

 1 The IQ test has been eclipsed in turn .

Xem full giải thích
9
Yes
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Dựa vào thông tin 'brother and sister', ta tìm được đoạn thông tin có đề cập tới 'siblings'



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

Hiểu câu hỏi: The brother or sister of a gifted older child may fail to fulfil their own potential 

=> Em trai/ gái của một đứa trẻ tài năng - có thể không phát huy được toàn bộ tiềm năng của họ

Phân tích info:

Xem full giải thích
10
Yes
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

Hiểu câu hỏi: The importance of luck in the genius equation tends to be ignored

=> Tầm quan trọng của vận may - trong vấn đề về thiên tài - thường bị phớt lờ

=> 'Luck' chỉ được nhắc tới trong một đoạn duy nhất nên ta có thể nhanh chóng tìm thấy thông tin

Phân tích info:

Xem full giải thích
11
No
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hiểu câu hỏi: Mozart was acutely aware of his own remarkable talent

=> Mozart nhận biết về tài năng xuất chúng của ông ấy

=> Dựa vào tên riêng Mozart, ta nhanh chóng tìm được thông tin cần đọc





Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

Xem full giải thích
12
No
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

Hiểu câu hỏi: Einstein and Gates would have achieved success in any era.

=> Ở thời nào thì - Einstein and Gates - cũng thành công

Phân tích info:

 Einstein and Gates are two more examples of people whose talents have blossomed by virtue of the times they were living in .

Xem full giải thích
13
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Để làm được dạng bài này, thí sinh cần đọc hiểu ý chính từng đoạn + nhận ra liên kết giữa chúng, từ đó suy ra đáp án



Áp dụng Linearthinking để nắm main idea:

 1 Cách định nghĩa talented/gifted

 2 Thắc mắc rằng liệu talent có di truyền

 3 Thí nghiệm chứng minh môi trường sống có ảnh hưởng tới talent

Xem full giải thích

Download PDF

Bạn có thể tải bản đẹp của đề và đáp án Nurturing talent within the family tại đây