Is It Time To Halt The Rising Tide Of Plastic Packaging IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage Is It Time To Halt The Rising Tide Of Plastic Packaging được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS IELTS Trainer - Test 4 - Passage 2 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Is It Time To Halt The Rising Tide Of Plastic Packaging IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

Is it time to halt the rising tide of plastic packaging?
A
A. Close up, plastic packaging can be a marvellous thing. Those who make a living from it call it a forgotten infrastructure that allows modem urban life to exist. Plastics have helped society defy natural limits such as the seasons, the rotting of food and the distance most of us live from where our food is produced. And yet we do not like it. Partly we do not like waste, but plastic waste, with its hydrocarbon roots and industrial manufacture, is especially galling. In 2008, the UK, for example, produced around two million tonnes of plastic waste, twice as much as in tire early 1990s. The very qualities of plastic – its cheapness, its indestructible aura – make it a reproachful symbol of an unsustainable way of life. The facts, however, do not justify our unease. All plastics are, at least theoretically, recyclable. Plastic packaging makes up just 6 to 7 per cent of the contents of British dustbins by weight and less than 3 per cent of landfill. Supermarkets and brands, which are under pressure to reduce the quantity of packaging of all types that they use, are finding good environmental reasons to turn to plastic: it is lighter, so requires less energy for transportation than glass, for example; it requires relatively little energy to produce; and it is often reusable. An Austrian study found that if plastic packaging were removed from tire supply chain, other packaging would have to increase fourfold to make up for it.
B
B. So are we just wrong about plastic packaging? Is it time to stop worrying and learn to love the disposable plastic wrapping around sandwiches? Certainly there are bigger targets for environmental savings such as improving household insulation and energy emissions. Naturally, tire plastics industry is keen to point them out. What’s more, concern over plastic packaging has produced a squall of conflicting initiatives from retailers, manufacturers and local authorities. It’s a squall that dies down and then blows harder from one month to the next. ‘It is being left to the individual conscience and supermarkets playing the market,’ says Tim Lang, a professor specializing in food polio’. ‘It’s a mess.’
C
C. Dick Scarle of the Packaging Federation points out that societies without sophisticated packaging lose half their food before it reaches consumers and that in the UK, waste in supply chains is about 3 per cent. In India, it is more titan 50 per cent. The difference comes later: the British throw out 30 per cent of the food they buy – an environmental cost in terms of emissions equivalent to a fifth of the cars on their roads. Packagers agree that cardboard, metals and glass all have their good points, but there’s nothing quite like plastic. With more than 20 families of polymers to choose from and then sometimes blend, packaging designers and manufacturers have a limitless variety of qualities to play with.
D
D. But if there is one law of plastic that, in environmental terms at least, prevails over all others, it is this: a little goes a long way. This means, first, that plastic is relatively cheap to use – it represents just over one-third of the UK packaging market by value but it wraps more than half die total number of items bought. Second, it means that even though plastic encases about 53 per cent of products bought, it only makes up 20 per cent by weight of the packaging consumed. And in the packaging equation, weight is the main issue because die heavier something is, the more energy you expend moving it around. In view of this, righteous indignation against plastic can look foolish.
E
E. One store commissioned a study to find precise data on which had less environmental impact: selling apples loose or ready-wrapped. Helene Roberts, head of packaging, explains that in fact they found apples in fours on a tray covered by plastic film needed 27 per cent less packaging in transportation than those sold loose. Sieve Kelsey, a packaging designer, finds die debate frustrating. He argues that the hunger to do something quickly is diverting effort away from more complicated questions about how you truly alter supply chains. Rather than further reducing the weight of a plastic bottle, more thought should be given to how packaging can be recycled. Helene Roberts explains that their greatest packaging reduction came when the company switched to re-usable plastic crates and stopped consuming 62,000 tonnes of cardboard boxes every year. Plastic packaging is important, and it might provide a way of thinking about broader questions of sustainability. To target plastic on its own is to evade the complexity’ of the issues. There seems to be a universal eagerness to condemn plastic. Is this due to an inability to make die general changes in society that are really required? ‘Plastic as a lightweight food wrapper is now built in as the logical thing,’ Lang says. ‘Does that make it an environmentally sound system of packaging? It only makes sense if you have a structure such as exists now. An environmentally driven packaging system would look completely different’ Dick Scarle put the challenge another way. “The amount of packaging used today is a reflection of modern life.”

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 5
Reading Passage 2 has five paragraphs A-E.
Choose the correct heading for each paragraph, A-E from the list of headings below.
Write the correct number, i-viii
List of Headings
I
A lack of consistent policy
II
Learning from experience
III
The greatest advantage
IV
The role of research
V
A unique material
VI
An irrational anxiety
VII
Avoiding the real challenges
VIII
A sign of things to come
1
Paragraph A
2
Paragraph B
3
Paragraph C
4
Paragraph D
5
Paragraph E
Question 6 - 10
Look at the following statements and the list of people below.
Match each statement to the correct person A-D.
Write the correct letter, A-D
NB You may use any letter more than once.
List of Findings
A
Tim Lang
B
Dick Scarle
C
Helene Roberts
D
Steve Kelsey
6
Comparison of two approaches to packaging revealed an interesting result.
7
People are expected to do the right thing.
8
Most food roaches UK shops in good condition.
9
Complex issues are ignored in the search for speedy solutions.
10
It is merely because of the way societies operate that using plastic seems valid.
Question 11 - 13
Complete the summary below.
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD from the text for each answer.
A revolutionary material
Plastic packaging has changed the way we consume food. However, we instinctively dislike it partly because it is the product of
11
  processes, but also because it seems to be
12
  so we feel it is wasteful. Nevertheless, it is thanks to plastic that for many people their choice of food is no longer restricted by the
13
  in which it is available or the location of its source.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
VI
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Skimming/ scanning

- Nếu chỉ skim/scan từ khoá giống nhau giữa đoạn văn và list of headings, thí sinh rất dễ chọn những heading như: iv. The role of research - Thí sinh dễ chọn heading này vì thấy keyword “research" trong heading này khá giống với từ “study" có trong câu cuối bài đọc.

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking

(1) + (2) + (3) Nói về lợi ích của plastic packaging (a marvellous thing, allow modern life to exist,...) (4) But we don't like plastic

(5) - (7) Giải thích lý do (8) - (12) However, our unease (= worries) are not logical. => Main idea: We do not like plastic but this is not logical because plastic has advantages.

So với list of heading: vi. An irrational anxiety Vì: irrational (vô lý) = not logical anxiety = worries = unease (sự lo lắng, không an tâm)

=> Đáp án: vi. An irrational anxiety



Xem full giải thích
2
I
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking

(1) + (2) Hai câu hỏi dẫn dắt: Should we stop worrying and learn to love plastic? (3) + (4) The plastic industry points out other targets for criticism (5) -> (8)  Conflicting initiatives (chính sách đối lập) and these initiatives keep changing (dies down and blows harder = lúc thì lắng xuống, lúc lại mạnh hơn) => Main idea: Initiatives about plastic are conflicting and changing.

So với list of heading, ta có: i. A lack of consistent policy Vì:

+ initiative = policy (chính sách)

+ a lack of consistent (thiếu sự ổn định = conflicting, changing.

=> Đáp án: i. A lack of consistent policy



Xem full giải thích
3
V
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking:

(1) -> (3)  Without packaging, societies lose a lot of food (4) -> (5) There are no materials like plastic.

=> Main idea: Có thể thấy, đoạn chủ yếu nhấn mạnh tầm quan trọng của plastic và kết luận there are no materials like plastic (không có vật liệu nào giống như plastic) 

So với list of heading: v. A unique material

Vì: unique = độc đáo = there are nothing like it

=> Đáp án: v. A unique material



Xem full giải thích
4
III
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking

(1) The best thing about plastic: a little goes a long way (ít nhưng dùng được nhiều) (2) - (3) Giải thích rõ hơn câu 1: cheap và nhẹ (4) - (5) Tiếp tục làm rõ ý lợi ích về cân nặng của plastic trong câu 3 => Main idea: The best thing about plastic

So với list of heading: iii. The greatest advantage

Vì: the best thing = greatest advantage

Chọn heading iii. The greatest advantage



Xem full giải thích
5
VII
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking:

(1) + (2) Study về plastic và kết quả (4) The debate is driving attention away (= diverting effort away) from more complicated questions (5) - (15) Làm rõ “more complicated questions" là những vấn để nào => Main idea: Có thể thấy, đoạn này chủ yếu nói về việc tranh cãi về plastic nhưng lại không chú ý quan tâm những vấn đề lớn hơn

So với list of heading: vii.  Avoiding the real challenges

Vì: những vấn đề lớn tức là những khó khăn thực sự, nhưng chúng bị avoid

Chọn heading: vii.  Avoiding the real challenges



Xem full giải thích
6
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s  Linearthinking

One store commissioned a study to find data on which had less environmental impact: selling apples loose or ready-wrapped. 

 Helene Roberts explains that apples covered by plastic film needed 27 per cent less packaging in transportation than those sold loose . => A study compares selling apples loose or ready-wrapped.

-> The result: apples covered by plastic film needed 27 per cent less packaging in transportation than those sold loose. Câu hỏi: Comparison of two approaches to packaging revealed an interesting result.

-> So sánh 2 phương thức packaging cho ra interesting result. => Người nói điều này là Helene Roberts

=> Đáp án: C



Xem full giải thích
7
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking:

  It (Việc dùng plastic hay không) is being left to the individual conscience and supermarkets playing the market ” => It depends on individual conscience .. => It depends on people's ability to do the right thing

-> Phụ thuộc vào khả năng làm đúng của con người Câu hỏi: people are expected to do the right thing.

-> Con người được hi vọng là sẽ làm điều đúng đắn => Người nói ý này là Tim Lang

=> Đáp án: A

Xem full giải thích
8
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng Linearthinking



 1 Dick Scarle points out that societies without sophisticated packaging lose half their food before it reaches consumers and that in the UK , waste in supply chains is about 3 per cent. 

 2 In India , it is more titan 50 per cent.

=> Main idea: Dick Scarle chỉ ra rằng những nước không có bao bì sản xuất kỹ lưỡng sẽ bị mất half their food trước khi food tới được với khách hàng. Ở UK thì lãng phí trong chuỗi cung ứng chỉ có 3%, tuy nhiên ở Ấn Độ thì lên đến 50%.

So với câu hỏi: Most food roaches UK shops in good condition

Xem full giải thích
9
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking

He  argues that the hunger to do something quickly  is diverting effort away from more complicated questions about how you truly alter supply chains. => Steve thinks people do not care about complicated questions because they want to do something quickly. Câu hỏi: Complex issues are ignored in the search for speedy solutions.

-> Những vấn đề phức tạp bị ignored trong công cuộc tìm kiếm speedy solutions => Người nói điều này là Steve Kelsey

=> Chọn D 



Xem full giải thích
10
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

 Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking

It (= Plastic) only makes sense if you have a structure such as (the one that) exists now . 

=> Plasticonly makes sense because of today's structure. Câu hỏi: It is merely because of the way societies operate that using plastic seems valid. => Using plastic seems valid because of the way societies operate 

-> Việc sử dụng plastic có valid vì cách thức hoạt động mới của xã hội

-> today's structure = the way societies operate => Người nói câu này là Tim Lang

=> Đáp án: A



Xem full giải thích
11
industrial
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking:



Vì chỗ trống nằm ngay trước một danh từ (process) -> có thể điền một Noun hoặc Adjective vào đây để tạo thành danh từ ghép.

Bài đọc: we do not like waste , but plastic waste , with its hydrocarbon roots and industrial manufacture , is especially galling

-> Không hiểu galling là gì thì có thể đọc nghĩa cả câu để đoán từ: We do not like waste but plastic waste is especially ….=> Không thích waste nhưng plastic waste thì lại càng đặc biệt ghét

=> We especially do not like plastic waste because of its industrial manufacture. 

Xem full giải thích
12
indestructible
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking:



- Khi nhìn vào cấu trúc câu hỏi, dễ dàng nhận thấy chỗ trống nằm ngay sau Verb “seem to be…” => Cần điền một Adjective vào đây.

So sánh giữa câu hỏi và bài đọc

Bài đọc: The very qualities of plastic its cheapness, its indestructible aura make it a symbol of an unsustainable way of life .

=> Plastic is a symbol of an unsustainable way of life because of its cheapness and its indestructible aura

Xem full giải thích
13
seasons
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking:



 Plastics have helped society defy natural limits such as the seasons, the rotting of food and the distance most of us live from where our food is produced.

=> Nhờ có plastics, ta không còn phải đối mặt với natural limits - ví dụ như seasons hoặc là khoảng cách của chúng ta và nguồn cung cấp thức ăn

Câu hỏi:... choice of food is no longer restricted by the __________( in which it is available) or the location of its source.

the location of its source tương ứng với where our food is produced nên yếu tố còn lại là seasons

Xem full giải thích

Download PDF

Bạn có thể tải bản đẹp của đề và đáp án Is it time to halt the rising tide of plastic packaging tại đây