Bringing Cinnamon To Europe IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Reading Practice với passage Bringing Cinnamon To Europe được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Cambridge IELTS Practice Test 13 - Test 2 - Passage 1 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Bringing Cinnamon To Europe IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

📖 Bài đọc (reading passage)

BRINGING CINNAMON TO EUROPE
A
A. Cinnamon is a sweet, fragrant spice produced from the inner bark of trees of the genus Cinnamomum, which is native to the Indian sub-continent. It was known in biblical times, and is mentioned in several books of the Bible, both as an ingredient that was mixed with oils for anointing people’s bodies, and also as a token indicating friendship among lovers and friends. In ancient Rome, mourners attending funerals burnt cinnamon to create a pleasant scent. Most often, however, the spice found its primary use as an additive to food and drink. In the Middle Ages, Europeans who could afford the spice used it to flavour food, particularly meat, and to impress those around them with their ability to purchase an expensive condiment from the exotic’ East. At a banquet, a host would offer guests a plate with various spices piled upon it as a sign of the wealth at his or her disposal. Cinnamon was also reported to have health benefits, and was thought to cure various ailments, such as indigestion.
B
B. Toward the end of the Middle Ages, the European middle classes began to desire the lifestyle of the elite, including their consumption of spices. This led to a growth in demand for cinnamon and other spices. At that time, cinnamon was transported by Arab merchants, who closely guarded the secret of the source of the spice from potential rivals. They took it from India, where it was grown, on camels via an overland route to the Mediterranean. Their journey ended when they reached Alexandria. European traders sailed there to purchase their supply of cinnamon, then brought it back to Venice. The spice then travelled from that great trading city to markets all around Europe. Because the overland trade route allowed for only small quantities of the spice to reach Europe, and because Venice had a virtual monopoly of the trade, the Venetians could set the price of cinnamon exorbitantly high. These prices, coupled with the increasing demand, spurred the search for new routes to Asia by Europeans eager to take part in the spice trade.
C
C. Seeking the high profits promised by the cinnamon market, Portuguese traders arrived on the island of Ceylon in the Indian Ocean toward the end of the 15th century. Before Europeans arrived on the island, the state had organized the cultivation of cinnamon. People belonging to the ethnic group called the Salagama would peel the bark off young shoots of the cinnamon plant in the rainy season, when the wet bark was more pliable. During the peeling process, they curled the bark into the ‘stick’ shape still associated with the spice today. The Salagama then gave the finished product to the king as a form of tribute. When the Portuguese arrived, they needed to increase production significantly, and so enslaved many other members of the Ceylonese native population, forcing them to work in cinnamon harvesting. In 1518, the Portuguese built a fort on Ceylon, which enabled them to protect the island, so helping them to develop a monopoly in the cinnamon trade and generate very high profits. In the late 16th century, for example, they enjoyed a tenfold profit when shipping cinnamon over a journey of eight days from Ceylon to India.
D
D. When the Dutch arrived off the coast of southern Asia at the very beginning of the 17th century, they set their sights on displacing the Portuguese as kings of cinnamon. The Dutch allied themselves with Kandy, an inland kingdom on Ceylon. In return for payments of elephants and cinnamon, they protected the native king from the Portuguese. By 1640, the Dutch broke the 150-year Portuguese monopoly when they overran and occupied their factories. By 1658, they had permanently expelled the Portuguese from the island, thereby gaining control of the lucrative cinnamon trade.
E
E. In order to protect their hold on the market, the Dutch, like the Portuguese before them, treated the native inhabitants harshly. Because of the need to boost production and satisfy Europe’s ever-increasing appetite for cinnamon, the Dutch began to alter the harvesting practices of the Ceylonese. Over time, the supply of cinnamon trees on the island became nearly exhausted, due to systematic stripping of the bark. Eventually, the Dutch began cultivating their own cinnamon trees to supplement the diminishing number of wild trees available for use.
F
F. Then, in 1796, the English arrived on Ceylon, thereby displacing the Dutch from their control of the cinnamon monopoly. By the middle of the 19th century, production of cinnamon reached 1,000 tons a year, after a lower grade quality of the spice became acceptable to European tastes. By that time, cinnamon was being grown in other parts of the Indian Ocean region and in the West Indies, Brazil, and Guyana. Not only was a monopoly of cinnamon becoming impossible, but the spice trade overall was diminishing in economic potential, and was eventually superseded by the rise of trade in coffee, tea, chocolate, and sugar.

❓ Câu hỏi (questions)

Question 1 - 9
Complete the table below.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
The Early History of Cinnamon
Question 10 - 13
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage?
In boxes on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
10
The Portuguese had control over the cinnamon trade in Ceylon throughout the 16th century.
11
The Dutch took over the cinnamon trade from the Portuguese as soon as they arrived in Ceylon.
12
The trees planted by the Dutch produced larger quantities of cinnamon than the wild trees.
13
The spice trade maintained its economic importance during the 19th century.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
oils
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụngDOL’s Linearthinking



 It (=cinnamon) was known  in biblical times as an ingredient that was mixed with oils for anointing people’s bodies 

-> Vào thời kì Biblical times, cinnamon là 1 loại ingredient được mixed with oils để với mục đích để anointing people's bodies

-> mixed with (trộn với) = added to (thêm vào)

-> Thứ mà cinnamon sẽ đc thêm vào là oils

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2
friendship
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụngDOL’s Linearthinking



 It was known in biblical times as a token indicating friendship among lovers and friends 

- Meaning: Vào thời kì Biblical times, cinnamon là một token dùng để indicate friendship giữa lovers and friends

=> Dù có thể ko hiểu token là gì, nhưng vẫn có thể dựa vào cụm “among lovers and friends” = “between people” để suy ra đáp án là friendship.

=> Chọn friendship



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3
funerals
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking



Bài đọc cho biết: mourners attending funerals burnt cinnamon to create a pleasant scent 

=>Meaning: mourners tham gia vào funerals đốt cinnamon để tạo ra pleasant scent (=sweet smell)

=> funerals là sự kiện mà cinnamon được dùng như 1 dạng sweet smell

=> Đáp án là funerals



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4
wealth
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụngDOL’s Linearthinking



Simplify câu 6 đoạn 1:

 A host would offer guests  a plate with various spices as a sign of wealth 

-> Câu đầu tiên của passage đã cho biết cinnamon là 1 loại spice (Cinnamon is a sweet, fragrant spice…)

-> Suy ra meaning câu 6: various spices (bao gồm cinnamon) sẽ đc người host mang ra cho guests của họ như là a sign of wealth

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5
indigestion
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụngDOL’s Linearthinking



 Cinnamon have health benefits , and was thought to cure various ailments such as indigestion 

-> cinnamon có lợi ích cho sức khỏe và có thể chữa trị "various ailments, such as indigestion”

-> Có thể ko hiểu từ ailment là gì, nhưng từ phần phân tích đáp án ở trên ta biết rằng đáp án phải là 1 ví dụ cụ thể  --> Đáp án nằm sau cụm such as chứ ko phải ailments.

=> Đáp án là indigestion



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6
India
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụngDOL’s Linearthinking



Câu 4 đoạn 2 cho biết:

 They took it from India , where it was grown… 

Với it là referencing cho cinnamon where thay thế cho địa điểm đc nhắc trước đó là India

=> Meaning câu trên: cinnamon was grown in India --> cinnamon được trồng ở India

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7
camels
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụng DOL’s Linearthinking



Câu 4 đoạn 2: They took it from India , on camels via an overland route  to the Mediterranean 

-> merchants took cinnamon to the Mediterranean on camels via an overland route

-> merchants mang cinnamon đến the Mediterranean bằng lạc đà (camels) trên 1 tuyến đường bộ (an overland route)

=> Vậy camels

là phương tiện dùng để mang cinnamon đến the Mediterranean.

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8
Alexandria
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụngDOL’s Linearthinking



 1 They took it (=cinnamon) from India to the Mediterranean 

 2 Their journey ended when they reached Alexandria 

-> 1 cinnamon được mang từ India đến the Mediterranean

-> 2 journey (cuộc hành trình = chuyến đi từ India đến Mediterranean) kết thúc khi họ đến Alexandria.

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9
Venice
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Áp dụngDOL’s Linearthinking



 1 European traders sailed there  to purchase cinnamon , then brought it back to Venice 

 2 The spice then travelled from that great trading city to markets all around Europe 

-> 1 traders đến mua cinnamon và mang nó về Venice

-> 2 cinnamon đi từ thành phố đó đến khắp Europe.

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10
True
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nếu có vốn vocab rộng để hiểu “monopoly” là “thế độc quyền” thì bạn có thể dễ dàng suy ra develop a monopoly in the cinnamon trade = had control over the cinnamon trade --> TRUE






Tuy nhiên, nếu ko hiểu “monopoly”, vẫn có thể áp dụng Linearthinking để đọc hiểu main idea:

 1 : Portuguese traders arrived on the island of Ceylon toward the end of the 15th century 

 2 : they enslaved the Ceylonese native population , forcing them to work - in cinnamon harvesting 

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11
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Với Linearthinking

 1 the Dutch arrived off the coast of southern Asia at the very beginning of the 17th century

 2 By 1640 , the Dutch broke the 150-year Portuguese monopoly

 3 By 1658 , they  had permanently expelled the Portuguese from the island , thereby gaining control of the cinnamon trade 

Câu 1 : the Dutch arrived ngay đầu TK 17.

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12
Not Given
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Với Linearthinking

 the Dutch began cultivating  their own cinnamon trees to supplement the diminishing number of wild trees 

- Câu này chỉ nói rằng: the Dutch trồng cinnamon trees của riêng họ để bổ sung cho số lượng wild trees đang giảm

=> Câu này chỉ nói số lượng wild trees giảm, chứ hoàn toàn ko so sánh số lượng quả cinnamon đc sản xuất bởi trees do the Dutch trồngwild trees

=> Chọn NOT GIVEN



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13
False
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đoạn cuối đề cập rằng: By the middle of the 19th century ... the spice trade overall was diminishing in economic potential 

=> Meaning: Giữa TK 19, spice trade có economic potential (=economic importance) giảm dần.

=> Câu này ngược với câu hỏi: The spice trade maintained its economic importance during the 19th century.

=> Chọn FALSE



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