Đề thi IELTS Online Test Practice Test Plus 2 - Listening Test 6 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test Practice Test Plus 2 - Listening Test 6 được lấy từ cuốn sách Practice Test Plus 2 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Online Test Practice Test Plus 2 - Listening Test 6 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the form below. 
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

❓ Tapescript section 1

Report On Abandoned Vehicle
00:00
Council Officer:
Environmental Health Department, Paul speaking.
Mrs Shefford:
Oh, hello. Erm, wanted to report a vehicle that's been left parked near where I live - I think it’s been abandoned, I wondered if the council could arrange to get it towed away Have I got through to the right department?
Council Officer:
Yes. you have. If I could just take a few details . your name, please?
Mrs Shefford:
Mrs Shefford.
Council Officer:
Thank you
Mrs Shefford:
It's not my vehicle, though .. I just thought someone ought to report it
Council Officer:
No. that’s fine. What I need to do is take some details first, then we can decide what to do about the problem.
Mrs Shefford:
Oh, I see.
Council Officer:
So the next thing l need to know is your address
Mrs Shefford:
Right It’s 41 Lower Green Street.
Council Officer:
Yes
Mrs Shefford:
Barrowdale. And the post code's WH4 5JP.
Council Officer:
Fine And if I could just ask for a telephone number ?
Mrs Shefford:
It's 01778 552387 I’m out quite a lot, but you can just leave a message on the answer phone if you need to or I could give you my mobile number?
Council Officer:
That’s all right, don’t worry Now. could you tell me a little more about this vehicle You say it’s been abandoned?
Mrs Shefford:
Well, it certainly looks like it.
Council Officer:
Can you give me an idea of where it is?
Mrs Shefford:
Yes. It's near the main road that goes through Barrowdale.
Council Officer:
Is that the A69?
Mrs Shefford:
Yes. That's right Now. there's the primary school just towards the end of the village, and then next to that, next to the children's playground, there’s a field, and it’s in there.
Council Officer:
Aah ... I wonder how it got in there?
Mrs Shefford:
There's a gate to allow farm machinery in and out l thought something ought to be done about it - the children from the school might start playing in the vehicle and lock themselves in or something
Council Officer:
Yes, you were quite right to report it. And what type of vehicle are we talking about here?
Mrs Shefford:
It's a van actually. You know, the sort with just a couple of little windows at the back.
Council Officer:
Right You don't happen to know the make and model, do you?
Mrs Shefford:
Oh. yes I went and had a look and got all the details. I thought you might need them I’m surprised the school hasn’t contacted you about it Anyway. I wrote the details down Er. right, it's a Catala, and the model’s a Flyer 2000.
Council Officer:
Is that F-L-Y-E-R?
Mrs Shefford:
That’s right.
Council Officer:
Very good. And the colour?
Mrs Shefford:
Well, it’s not all that easy to see because it’s absolutely filthy. And actually, it looks as if it’s had a paint job at some stage .. it’s blue, but you can just see white underneath where it’s been scratched.
Council Officer:
Right Well, I'll just make a note of the present colour. And if you could just tell me the vehicle number. Did you make a note of that?
Mrs Shefford:
Oh, yes. It’s S 322 GEC.
Council Officer:
OK.
Council Officer:
And it sounds as if the general condition of the vehicle isn’t too good, from what you say.
Mrs Shefford:
No, it’s pretty poor. It wouldn’t be drivable. It’s got a flat tyre, and there's a crack in the windscreen I reckon someone just wanted to get rid of it.
Council Officer:
That's usually the way.
Mrs Shefford:
It's been there for nearly a week . no. it must be eight days. I remember it was a Sunday morning when l noticed it. It wasn't there the day before. I walk past it most days on the way to the shops I'd have thought the school would have reported it.
Council Officer:
Does the field actually belong to the school?
Mrs Shefford:
No, it’s part of Hill Farm Estate.
Council Officer:
Right! It just make a note of that. And I don't suppose you have any information about who might own the vehicle?
Mrs Shefford:
No, I’ve no idea. So what will you do now?
Council Officer:
Well, we’ll come and have a look, and see if we can trace the owner. And if we can't, the vehicle will be removed as rapidly as the law permits. It could be anything up to 20 days.
Mrs Shefford:
One thing I should say, I'm quite sure this doesn't belong to anyone round here I'd definitely recognise it if it was from someone who lived here.
Council Officer:
So you don't think it was anyone local. Right, I'd say at a guess we're looking at a stolen vehicle here.
Mrs Shefford:
I did wonder if it might have been. You hear such a lot about car thieves nowadays.
Council Officer:
Well, we certain!y will be looking into that possibility. Anyway, thank you for contacting us, Mrs Shefford, and we'll keep you informed of what happens.
Mrs Shefford:
Right. Thank you very much.
Council Officer:
Goodbye.
Mrs Shefford:
Goodbye.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
Lower Green(e) Street/St
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về địa chỉ của caller (41, .... Barrowdale)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "So the next thing l need to know is your address"

Tiếp theo nghe nghe được " Right It’s 41 Lower Green Street."

=> Đáp án: Lower Green Street



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2
01778 552387
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là số điện thoại

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "if I could just ask for a telephone number "

Sau đó nghe được " It's 01778 552387 "

=> Đáp án: 01778 552387



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3
field/a field
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là địa điểm của phương tiện

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " Can you give me an idea of where it is?" (hỏi địa điểm của vehicle)

Sau đó nói tiếp "Now. there's the primary school just towards the end of the village, and then next to that, next to the children's playground, there’s a field, and it’s in there."

=> Có 1 trường tiểu học ở cuối làng, bên cạnh khu vui chơi là 1 cái field và vehicle nằm ở đó => Đáp án đúng là field

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4
van/a van
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là loại phương tiện

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And what type of vehicle are we talking about here?'

Sau đó nghe được "It's a van actually. "

=> Đó là xe van => Đáp án đúng là van



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5
Flyer 2000/a Flyer 2000
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là model của chiếc xe

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "You don't happen to know the make and model, do you?"

Sau đó nghe được "Anyway. I wrote the details down Er. right, it's a Catala, and the model’s a Flyer 2000."

=> Tên xe là Catala và model là Flyer 2000 => Đáp án đúng là Flyer 2000



Officer cũng spell lại tên model sau đó

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6
blue
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là màu sắc của chiếc xe

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And the colour?"

Sau đó speaker nói khó nhìn màu vì bẩn, tiếp theo là " it’s blue, but you can just see white underneath where it’s been scratched."

=> Màu xanh nhưng có thể thấy vết xước màu trắng => Đáp án là blue



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7
flat tyre/tire
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ có tình trạng tệ, bên cạnh cracked windscreen

=> Đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And it sounds as if the general condition of the vehicle isn’t too good"

Sau đó nghe được tình trạng xe khá kém và " It’s got a flat tyre, and there's a crack in the windscreen.'

=> Có 1 flat tyre, và nứt windsreen => Đáp án đúng là flat tyre



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8
8/eight days
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thời gian chiếc xe ở đây được bao lâu

Sau khi nói về tình trạng của xe, speaker nói tiếp "It's been there for nearly a week . no. it must be eight days. I remember it was a Sunday morning when l noticed it"

=> Nó đã ở đấy gần 1 tuần và sau đó sửa lại "Đúng hơn là 8 ngày" => Đáp án là 8 days



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9
Hill Farm Estate
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là người sở hữu mảnh đất đấy

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " Does the field actually belong to the school?"





Sau đó nghe được speaker trả lời là "No" và nói tiếp " No, it’s part of Hill Farm Estate."

=> Một phần của Hill Farm Estate => Đáp án là Hill Farm Estate



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10
local
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thông tin về resident

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "I'm quite sure this doesn't belong to anyone round here" (= resident)

Sau đó officer trả lời "So you don't think it was anyone local"

=> Chiếc xe không thuộc về anyone local => Đáp án đúng là local



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Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 17
Complete the sentences below. 
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
The story of John Manjiro
Manjiro started work as a
11
when he was still a young boy.
He spent
12
on a deserted island before he was rescued.
He became friends with William Whitfield, who was a ship's
13

The cost of Manjiro's
14
in America was covered by the Whitfield family.
Manjiro eventually returned to Japan, where he carried out important work as a teacher and
15

Fairhaven and Tosashimizu are now officially
16

Every two years, the John Manjiro
17
is held in Fairhaven.
Question 18 - 20
Complete the sentences below. 
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
PTP2_L6_P2_The story of John Manjiro_NoOpt.png
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
Whitfield family house
18
Old Oxford School
19
School of Navigation
20

❓ Tapescript section 2

The Story Of John Manjiro
00:00
Right, so here we are in Fairhaven, ano we have a couple of hours to spend in this historic centre before we carry on to our motel
And as you'll know from the itinerary of our trip, we're visiting Fairhaven because of its historical links with a man called Manjiro Nakahama. So I'll begin by giving you a brief overview of his life, and then you can explore the town at your leisure.
Well, Manjiro Nakahama, as he was then known, was born in 1827 in a village by the sea in what is now Tosashimizu in Japan. And like many people in that town, he became a fisherman when he was just a youngster.
One day in 1841, when he was just 14 years old, he and some others were fishing tar off the coast of Japan when they were caught in a storm and shipwrecked on a small deserted island.
They had to wait for six months before they were rescued by an American whale ship that had stopped at the island by chance. Four of the five Japanese were put ashore in Hawaii, but Manjiro had become friends with the captain.
William Whitfield, who came from the town of Fairhaven, where we are now, and he chose to remain aboard, and to return with the boat to the USA. So Manjiro unwittingly became the first Japanese ever to set foot on American soil.
He came back right here to Fairhaven with Whitfield, and stayed with the Whitfield family who paid for his education here in the town. He studied Mathematics and Geography as well as shipbuilding and navigation.
But he missed his mother, and his own country, and eventually he went back to Japan where he had a responsible position as a university teacher and also served an invaluable role as interpreter during the initiation of relations between Japan and the United States in the middle of the nineteenth century.
But the most interesting thing is that the links between Tosashimizu and Fairhaven have remained and grown stronger over the years, in spite of the distance between them, and in fact the two places now have the official status of sister cities.
Both places are ports, so in fact the inhabitants have a lot in common. There have been a number of visits by the inhabitants of Tosashimizu, in particular at the time of the Festival, which is held every two years here in Fairhaven to celebrate the life and achievements of John Manjiro.
It takes place in the fall, arid there's an ever-growing programme including drumming, singing, martial arts, and stalls selling Japanese and American food. So if you're going to be in the region around then, it’s really worth a visit.
Now many of the buildings that Manjiro Nakahama knew in Fairhaven are still standing today, and so if you'd just like to hand round some copies of this map I'll suggest the best route to follow to see them.
OK, so if you look at the bottom of the map you can see the Millicent Library, and that's where we are now Now to fellow the John Manjiro trail, you go out of here along Center Street, and then head up Main Street until you get to Pilgrim Avenue.
Go down there and turn right at the end, go straight on and just on the corner with Oxford Street you’ll see a two- storey house This is the Whitfield family house, and this is where Manjiro first stayed when he came to Fairhaven.
It's still a private residence, so please respect the owner's privacy. OK Now, if you carry on along Oxford Street, then turn left at the end, you'll come to North Street, and about half-way down there is what's known as Old Oxford School .
This was the very same school that Manjiro attended when he lived here It was considered to be the best school in town because of the quality of the building unusually, it was built of stone - and the quality of the teaching.
Nowadays it’s usually closed, except on special occasions. Go on to the end of North Street and turn the corner onto Adams Street, if you follow the road down, back towards the library, you go round a couple of sharp bends and on the second of these, you can see the School Of Navigation which Manjiro also attended.
And if you follow the road on, you'll soon find yourself back here at the library, and I'd suggest you spend some time looking round that too. if you have any time left. Right, now, does anyone have any questions ..

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
fisherman
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là công việc khi còn trẻ của ông ấy

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe nhắc đến nhân vật Manjiro Nakahama

Tiếp theo nghe được "And like many people in that town, he became a fisherman when he was just a youngster"

=> Như những người trong làng, anh ấy trở thành fisherman khi còn trẻ => Đáp án: fisherman



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12
six/6 months
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là thời gian ông ấy ở trên đảo





Đầu tiên nghe được ông ấy cùng những người khác đi bắt cá ở the coast of Japan



Tiếp theo nghe "when they were caught in a storm and shipwrecked on a small deserted island."

=> Bị đắm thuyền và ở trên 1 deserted island

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13
captain
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem William Whitfield là ai

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "...and he chose to remain aboard" (tiếp tục ở lại tàu)

Nghe tiếp được "but Manjiro had become friends with the captain. William Whitfield"

=> Trở thành bạn với the captain, William => Đáp án: captain



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14
education
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là gia đình Whitfield cover phí gì của Manjiro

=> BIết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "He came back right here to Fairhaven with Whitfield, and stayed with the Whitfield family"

Sau đó nghe tiếp "who paid for his education here in the town."

=> Chi phí education của anh ấy được gia đình Whitfield chi trả => Đáp án: education



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15
interpreter
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là công việc khi quay về Nhật, bên cạnh teacher

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe được anh ấy quay lại Nhật "and eventually he went back to Japan"

Sau đó nghe được "where he had a responsible position as a university teacher and also served an invaluable role as interpreter"

=> Làm công việc giáo viên đại học + làm cả công việc interpreter => Đáp án: interpreter



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16
sister cities
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là tình trạng hiện tại của Tosashimizu and Fairhaven

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "But the most interesting thing is that the links between Tosashimizu and Fairhaven..."

Nghe thấy mối quan hệ giữa 2 nơi "grow stronger in spite of the distance between them" (mặc dù có khoảng cách)

=> Vẫn chưa thấy nói về tình trạng chính thức hiện tại

Sau đó, mình nghe "and in fact the two places now have the official status of sister cities."

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17
Festival
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một thứ mang tên John Manjiro được tổ chức ở Fairhaven

Mình nghe được là '...in particular at the time of the Festival, which is held every two years here in Fairhaven to celebrate the life and achievements of John Manjiro "

=> Lễ hội được tổ chức 2 năm 1 lần ở đây để celebrate thành tựu của John Manjiro. => Đáp án: festival



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18
I
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng đầu tiên là Whitfield family house

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "OK, so if you look at the bottom of the map you can see the Millicent Library, and that's where we are now" (chỉ vị trí xuất phát)

Tiếp theo nghe được "...you go out of here along Center Street, and then head up Main Street until you get to Pilgrim Avenue"

=> Ra khỏi đây đi đến Center Streettiến thẳng ra Main Street tới khi đến được Pilgrim Avenue.



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19
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng tiếp theo là Old Oxford School



Sau đó " OK Now, if you carry on along Oxford Street, then turn left at the end, you' come to North Street, and about half-way down there is what's known as Old Oxford School"

=> Tiếp theo rẽ trái ở cuối đường đến North Street và đi đến giữa đường sẽ thấy "Old Oxford School" => Đáp án là B



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20
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng tiếp theo là School of Navigation





Tiếp theo nghe được "Go on to the end of North Street and turn the corner onto Adams Street,"

=> Đi đến cuối North street rẽ vào góc trên Adam street

Speaker chỉ tiếp " If you follow the road down, back towards the library"

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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 23
Choose the best answer, A, B or C
21
What is the main thing Julia feels she has gained from her experience in retail?
A
better understanding of customer attitudes
B
improved ability to predict fashion trends
C
more skill in setting priorities in her work
22
Why is Julia interested in doing the postgraduate course?
A
It will enable her to develop new types of technology.
B
It will allow her to specialise in a design area of her choice.
C
It will provide managerial training focusing on her needs
23
What would Julia like to do after she has completed the postgraduate course?
A
work overseas
B
start her own business
C
stay in an academic environment
Question 24 - 27
What does each university facility have?
Choose your answers from the box and write the correct letter A-G
List of Findings
A
laboratories
B
rooms for individual study
C
inter-disciplinary focus
D
introductory course
E
purpose-built premises
F
cafeteria
G
emphasis on creative use
24
Library
25
Computer Centre
26
Photomedia
27
Time Based Media
Question 28 - 30
Complete the summary below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
MA in Fashion Design: Assessment
Assessment includes three
28
which take place at the end of the stages of the degree. Final assessment is based on a project, and includes the student's
29
in the form of a written report, and the
30
to which representatives of fashion companies are invited.

❓ Tapescript section 3

MA In Fashion Design: Assessment
00:00
Dr Hilsden:
Right Julia, so from your CV and portfolio, and what you’ve already told me. you seem to be very much the sort of person we're looking for on the postgraduate course. So tell me, you finished your Fashion Design course in London four years ago did you think of carrying straight on and doing a higher degree at the time?
Julia:
Yes but there were financial pressures. So I ended up working in the retail industry, as you can see from my CV. And actually it was a very useful experience.
Dr Hilsden:
Mmm Iri what way?
Julia:
Well, I was lucky to get the job with FashionNow - they're a big store, and, one of my priorities was to get as much experience as possible in different areas, so that was good because I had the chance to work in lots of different departments.
Julia:
And having direct contact with the customers meant I was able to see how they reacted to innovation - to new fashion ideas, because with FashionNow, a designer might show something in New York or Milan and there'll be something similar in the shop within weeks. So, that was probably the most useful thing for me.
Dr Hilsden:
Right. And so what's made you decide to do a postgraduate course now?
Julia:
Erm . Well, while I enjoyed working at FashionNow and I learned a lot there, I felt .. well, the way forward would have been to develop my managerial skills rather than my skills in fashion design, and I'm not sure that's what I want to do.
Dr Hilsden:
Mmm, yes.
Julia:
When I was doing my degree in London I'd been interested in women's wear. But know that there’s been a lot of work done in areas like new fabric construction - and though I'm not intending to go too deeply into the technology I'd be very interested in looking at how new fabrics could be used in children's wear, so I'd like the chance to pursue that line.
Dr Hilsden:
Yes. Good. And are you at all concerned about what's going to be like coming back into an academic context after being away from it for several years?
Julia:
No, I'm looking forward to it. But I'm basically more interested in the application than the theory or at least that's what I've found so far, and I'm hoping the course will give me the contacts and skills I need eventually to set up my own enterprise I'm particularly interested by the overseas links that the department has.
Dr Hilsden:
Yes, many of our students look overseas or to international companies for sponsorship of their projects.
Julia:
And the facilities here look excellent. I just went to look at the library - it's really impressive. There's so much room compared with the one at my old university.
Dr Hilsden:
Yes, most students find it's a good place to study. And there are linkups to other universities, of course, and all the usual electronic sources the staff run an Information Skills Programme which we recommend all postgraduates do in the first week or two. Design students find the Special Collections particularly useful.
Julia:
Yes.
Dr Hilsden:
Then we have a separate Computer Centre, which has its own academic coordinator, Tim Spender - he's got a background in art design, and the ethos of the centre is that it's a studio for innovation and creativity, rather than a computer laboratory.
Julia:
Oh, right, i liked the study spaces where students can sit and discuss work together very useful for joint projects We always had to do that sort of thing in the cafeteria when l was an undergraduate. And I read in the brochure that there's a separate resource for photography.
Dr Hilsden:
Yes, it's called Photomedia. It's not just for photography, but things like digital imaging and new media. It's a resource for all our students, not just fashion design, and we encourage students to work there producing work that crosses disciplinary boundaries.
Dr Hilsden:
It's well used in fact, it's doubled in size since it was set up three years ago. And we also have an offshoot from that which is called Time Based Media - this is for students who want to develop their ideas in the area of the moving image or sound. That's in a new building that was specially built for it just last year, but there are plans to expand it as the present facilities are overstretched already.
Julia:
Right.
Dr Hilsden:
Now. is there anything you'd like to ask about the course itself?
Julia:
Erm, ... I know it’s a combination of taught modules and a specialist project, but how does assessment lit in?
Dr Hilsden:
Well, as you'd expect on a course of this nature, it's an ongoing process. The degree course has four stages, and there are what we call progress reviews at the end of each of the first three. Then the final assessment is based on your project. You have to produce a report which is a critical reflection on your work.
Julia:
And is there some sort of fashion show?
Dr Hilsden:
There's an exhibition. The projects aren't all focused on clothes as such, some are more experimental, so that seems more appropriate. We ask representatives of fashion companies along, and it's usually well attended.
Julia:
Right. And another thing I wanted to ask .

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Julia học được gì từ retail

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And actually it was a very useful experience"





Đầu tiên có nhắc đến "one of my priorities was to get as much experience as possible"

=> Ưu tiên của Julia là có nhiều kinh nghiệm nhất có thể chứ không nhắc đến khả năng set priorities => Loại đáp án C



Xem full giải thích
22
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem tại sao Julia hứng thú với postgraduate course

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And so what's made you decide to do a postgraduate course now?"

Đầu tiên Julia trả lời "develop my managerial skills rather than my skills in fashion design," nhưng sau đó lại nói thêm "I'm not sure that's what I want to do."

=> Không chắc có muốn develop managerial skills không => Loại đáp án C



Sau đó nhắc đến fabric construction và Julia nói " I'm not intending to go too deeply into the technology'

Xem full giải thích
23
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem Julia sẽ làm gì sau khi finish postgraduate course



Đầu tiên Julia nói "I'm basically more interested in the application than the theory "

=> Thích thực hành hơn là lý thuyết (theory =academic) => Loại đáp án C



Tiếp theo nghe được mong có skills để "eventually to set up my own enterprise "

=> Muốn tự kinh doanh (=start her own business) => Đáp án đúng là B



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24
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng đầu tiên là Library

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "I just went to look at the library - it's really impressive. "

Sau khi giới thiệu giáo sư có nói nó "linkups to other universities và các nguồn điện khác, nói tiếp "the staff run an Information Skills Programme which we recommend all postgraduates do in the first week or two"

=> Nhân viên tổ chức Skills Programme khuyến khích các sinh viên tham gia 1,2 tuần đầu (Programme =course, the first week or two=introduction) => Đáp án đúng là D



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25
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là Computer Centre

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Then we have a separate Computer Centre"

Sau khi nhắc đến coordinator giáo sư nói "the ethos of the centre is that it's a studio for innovation and creativity"

=> Điểm đặc biệt của centre là nó là studio cho innovation and creativity => Tập trung cho sự sáng tạo => Đáp án là G



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26
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là Photomedia

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Yes, it's called Photomedia."

Sau khi giới thiệu không chỉ dành cho photography mà còn cả imaging và new media.

Tiếp tục nói là resource cho tất cả sinh viên và "encourage students to work there producing work that crosses disciplinary boundaries."

=> Tạo ra những tác phẩm vượt qua ranh giới (disciplinary =inter-disciplinary) => Đáp án đúng là C



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27
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng cuối cùng là Time Based Media

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And we also have an offshoot from that which is called Time Based Media"

Đầu tiên nói đây là nơi để sinh viên develop ideas trong lĩnh vực moving image or sound

Tiếp theo nghe được "that's in a new building that was specially built for it just last year,"

=> Time Based Media ở trong tòa nhà được xây riêng cho nó (specially built =purpose-built, building= premises) => Đáp án đúng là E



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28
progress reviews
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là 3 thứ mà assessment bao gồm

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " but how does assessment lit in?"

Tiếp tục nghe giải thích có 4 stages, và "there are what we call progress reviews at the end of each of the first three."

=> Trong 3 stages đầu, mỗi stage sẽ có 1 progress review ở cuối => Đáp án cần điền là progress reviews



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29
(critical) reflection
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ liên quan đến sinh viên trong report

=> Biết đáp án " Then the final assessment is based on your project. "

Tiếp tục nghe "You have to produce a report which is a critical reflection on your work."

=> Tạo report, ở dưới dạng là critical reflection về nghiên cứu của mình, in the form of =which is => Đáp án cần điền là critical reflection



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30
exhibition
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là 1 địa điểm/sự kiện mà representatives of fashion companies được mời

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And is there some sort of fashion show?" (sự kiện thời trang -> liên quan đến từ cần điền)

Và giáo sư trả lời " There's an exhibition."

Tiếp đó "We ask representatives of fashion companies along, and it's usually well attended",

=> một buổi triển lãm và mời những đại diện của các công ty thời trang => Đáp án đúng là exhibition



Xem full giải thích

Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Laughter
The nature of laughter
   laughter is a
31
process - involves movement and sound
   it is controlled by our
32


Reasons for laughter
   only 10% of laughter is caused by jokes / funny stories
   may have begun as sign of
33
after a dangerous situation
   nowadays, may help to develop
34
within a group
   connected to
35
  (e.g. use of humour by politicians or bosses)
   may be related to male / female differences (e.g. women laugh more at male speakers)
   may be used in a
36
  way to keep someone out of a group

Benefits of laughter
   safe method for the
37
  of emotions such as anger and sadness
   provides good aerobic exercise
   leads to drop in levels of stress-related
38

   improves the
39
can stop
40
  and improve sleep

❓ Tapescript section 4

Laughter
00:00
Good afternoon, everybody .. and in our second talk on social psychology i want to look at the role of laughter in our lives - something that usually gets everyone smiling from the start.
So first of all, I'll start by looking at the actual nature of laughter. Well, when someone laughs you've got movement of the muscles of the face and the chest, and you've got sound formed when the air’s forced out of the body as part of this process, so we’re talking about a physical activity.
But obviously other things are involved as well and this is where it gets more complicated. Laughing isn’t something that you normally decide to do. so it’s not voluntary behaviour, like ordinary speech. Instead it’s regulated by our instincts rather like the singing of a bird, or the roaring of a lion.
And once you start to laugh, it can be quite hard to stop that's not always under your conscious control either.
But why do we laugh? Because we find something funny, most of us would say. But in fact it appears that laughter has little to do with jokes or funny stories only about 10 percent of laughter is caused by things like that.
One suggestion is that human laughter may have originally started out as a shared response to signal relief at the passing of danger. And it's true that even these days, laughter’s rarely an activity carried out by an individual on his or her own.
In fact, people are 30 times more likely to laugh when they're with other people than when they're completely alone. Laughter still seems to be a kind of social signal, it occurs when people are in a group and they're comfortable with one another And it seems likely that laughter can result in the creation of bonds between the people in the group.
And it's precisely because of this social aspect of laughter that people like public speakers and politicians often try to get their audience to laugh it encourages their listeners to trust them and to connect with them.
But this kind of thing - controlling the laughter of a group, that is indicates that there's a link between laughter and power, and this is supported by several studies that indicate that bosses use humour more than their employees.
And research has also shown that female listeners are likely to laugh much more if the speaker is male, so it appears that there are gender issues associated with how much we laugh
I should also point out that laughter can he used as a negative signal as well as a positive one. I think we've all probably seen evidence of a group using laughter to exclude someone ... to emphasise that they are not accepted.
So it's not always a positive type of behaviour, either. So what all this goes to show is that laughter is a very, very complex issue.
It does appear however that laughter has definite benefits. If we look first at the psychological aspects, we know that people often tend to store negative emotions, such as anger, sadness and fear, rather than expressing them, and il seems that laughter provides a harmless way for the release of those emotions.
But there are also clear physical effects that have been monitored too. For example, laughter is good aerobic exercise - it speeds up heart rate and respiration, and raises blood pressure; one researcher suggests that 100 laughs a day is the equivalent of 10 minutes' jogging.
Laughter also helps prevent the stress that so many people suffer from today, which results from the faster pace of life and all that goes with il It does this by reducing the levels of hormones in the blood which are caused by stress.
And, in addition, it is known to increase the levels of chemicals that protect the body from infection or pain and so it helps to boost the immune system. One interesting study showed that people who had had surgical operations asked for fewer pain killers if they'd been viewing comic films.
In fact, research has even shown that the quality of dreams can be positively affected by laughter - a good laugh 10 minutes before going to sleep can prevent you from having bad dreams and give a much more pleasant and restorative night's sleep, So. there's now little argument that finding things funny and enjoying a good laugh is extremely beneficial to us all.
What we need to consider now are the ways in which laughter can be used as a treatment for people who...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
physical
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là loại process của tiếng cười

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " I'll start by looking at the actual nature of laughter"

Tiếp tục giải thích về tiếng cười " you've got movement of the muscles ", "you've got sound formed"





Speaker đã kết luận "so we’re talking about a physical activity. " (activity=process)

Xem full giải thích
32
instincts
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái gì control laughter

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Laughing isn’t something that you normally decide to do"

Tiếp tục nghe nó không phải do "voluntary behaviour mà instead"

Laughter được "regulated by our instincts " (regulated=control)

=> Được điều khiển bởi instincts => Đáp án: instincts



Xem full giải thích
33
relief
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem laughter có thể là dấu hiệu của điều gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "One suggestion is that human laughter may have originally started out " (=begin)

Tiếp tục nghe "as a shared response to signal relief at the passing of danger."

=> Một phản ứng với dấu hiệu nhẹ nhõm khi qua được mối nguy => Đáp án: relief



Xem full giải thích
34
(social) bonds
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ được develop trong 1 nhóm

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe " Laughter still seems to be a kind of social signal"

Sau khi nói nó khiến mọi người thoải mái với nhau hơn speaker nói tiếp "And it seems likely that laughter can result in the creation of bonds between the people in the group."

=> Có thể dẫn đến sự hình thành bonds giữa mọi người trong nhóm (creation =develop) => Đáp án: bonds



Xem full giải thích
35
power
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là laughter được liên kết với điều gì

=> Đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " people like public speakers and politicians often try to get their audience to laugh"





Sau đó speaker nói hành động trên được coi là controlling the laughter of a group và điều này " indicates that there's a link between laughter and power"

=> Chỉ ra sự liên kết giữa tiếng cười và power (link =connect) => Đáp án: power



Xem full giải thích
36
negative
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem nụ cười có thể được sử dụng như cách gì

=> Đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "I should also point out" (ý tiếp theo)

Tiếp theo nghe được "laughter can be used as a negative signal as well as a positive one."

=> Được sử dụng như một tín hiệu tiêu cực cũng như tích cực

Sau đó mình nghe "evidence of a group using laughter to exclude someone"

Xem full giải thích
37
release
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem nụ cười là phương pháp an toàn cho việc gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "laughter has definite benefits"

Đầu tiên nghe được "people tend to store negative emotions rather than expressing them" và laughter provides a harmless way for the release of those emotions"

=> Là cách an toàn để giải phóng những emotion tiêu cực (harmless way =safe method) => Đáp án: release



Xem full giải thích
38
hormones
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là cái gì liên quan đến stress bị giảm

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Laughter also helps prevent the stress "

Tiếp tục nghe "It does this by reducing the levels of hormones in the blood which are caused by stress"

=> Làm điều này bằng cách giảm lượng hormone được tạo bởi stress (reducing= drop, caused by stress= stress-related) => Đáp án: hormones



Xem full giải thích
39
immune system
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ được improve

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And, in addition, it is known to increase the levels of chemicals "

Speaker nói tiếp " so it helps to boost the immune system."

=> Tăng immune system ( boost=improve) =>Đáp án: immune system



Xem full giải thích
40
bad dreams
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là cần điền là thứ có thể bị ngăn lại

Đầu tiên speaker nhắc đến bệnh nhân uống ít thuốc giảm đau khi được xem phim hài

Tiếp tục đưa ra ví dụ "a good laugh 10 minutes before going to sleep can prevent you from having bad dreams"

=> Cười 10 phút trước khi ngủ sẽ prevent (=stop) bad dreams => Đáp án: bad dreams



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