Đề thi IELTS Online Test Practice Test Plus 1 - Listening Test 1 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test Practice Test Plus 1 - Listening Test 1 được lấy từ cuốn sách Practice Test Plus 1 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Online Test Practice Test Plus 1 - Listening Test 1 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 3
Choose the correct letters A-D.
Example
Which course does the man suggest?
A. 2 days C. 5 days
B. 4 days D. 6 days
1
How much is the beginner’s course?
A
$190
B
$320
C
$330
D
$430
2
What does the club insurance cover?
A
injury to yourself
B
injury to your equipment
C
damage to other people’s property
D
loss of personal belongings
3
How do the girls want to travel?
A
public transport
B
private bus
C
car
D
bicycle
Question 4 - 7
Complete the form below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
TELEPHONE MEMO
Name: Maria Gentle
Address: C/o Mr & Mrs
4


5
Newcastle
Fax no: 0249
6

Type of Card:
7

Question 8 - 11
Check TWO letters A-G.

Note: You must get both parts of the question right to get your mark. The correct answer may not be the actual words which you hear on the tape. Option E in Question 8 is an example of this. Be on the lookout for paraphrasing of this type.
Which TWO of the following items must people take with them?
A
sandals
B
old clothes
C
pullover
D
shirt with long sleeves
E
soft drinks
F
hat
G
sunglasses
Which TWO accommodation options mentioned are near the paragliding school?
A
camping
B
youth hostel
C
family
D
backpackers’ inn
E
caravan park
F
bed and breakfast
G
cheap hotel
Question 12
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for your answer.
Which weekend do the girls decide to go?
12
.

❓ Tapescript section 1

Paragliding School Inquiry
00:00
MAN:
Hello 'Paragliders' Paradise'. How can I help you?
MARIA:
Oh hi. I'm interested in doing a course in paragliding.
MAN:
Which course are you interested in?
MARIA:
Well, I'm not sure. What's available?
MAN:
Well ... we've got the introductory course which lasts for two days.
MARIA:
OK.
MAN:
Or there's the 4-day beginners' course which is what most people do first. I'd tend to recommend that one. And there's also the elementary pilot course which takes five to six days depending on conditions.
MARIA:
We might try the beginner's course. What sort of prices are we looking at?
MAN:
The introductory is $190; the beginner's course, which is what you'd probably be looking at, is $320 - no, sorry 330 - it's just gone up - and the pilot course is $430.
MARIA:
Right.
MAN:
And you also have to become a member of our club so that you're insured. That'll cost you $12 a day. Everyone has to take out insurance, you see.
MARIA:
Does that cover me if I break a leg?
MAN:
No, I'm afraid not - it's only 3rd party and covers you against damage to other people or their belongings, but not theft or injury, You would need to take out your own personal accident insurance.
MARIA:
I see! And what's the best way to get to your place? By public transport or could we come by bike? We're pretty keen cyclists.
MAN:
It's difficult by public transport although there is a bus from Newcastle; most people get here by car, though, 'cos we're a little off the beaten track. But you could ride here OK. I'll send you a map. Just let me take down a few details. What's your name?
MARIA:
Maria Gentle.
MAN:
And your address, Maria?
MARIA:
Well, I'm a student staying with a family in Newcastle.
MAN:
So it's care of ...
MARIA:
Care of Mr and Mrs. McDonald.
MAN:
Like the hamburgers!
MARIA:
Yes, exactly.
MAN:
McDonald ...
MARIA:
The post office box address is probably best. It's PO Box 676. Newcastle.
MAN:
Is there a fax number there, because I could fax you the information?
MARIA:
Yes, actually, there is. It's 0249 that's for Newcastle and then double seven five four three one.
MAN:
OK. Now if you decide to do one of our courses, you'll need to book in advance and to pay when you book. How would you be paying?
MARIA:
By credit card, if that's OK. Do you take Visa?
MAN:
Yes, fine. We take all major cards, including Visa.
MARIA:
OK then. Thanks very much.
MAN:
Hi, PAULINE.
PAULINE:
Hi, Maria! What's that you're reading?
MARIA:
Just some information from a paragliding school - it looks really good fun. Do you fancy a go at paragliding?
PAULINE:
Sure! Do you have to buy lots of equipment and stuff?
MARIA:
Not really. The school provides the equipment but we'd have to take a few things along.
PAULINE:
Such as?
MARIA:
Well it says here. Clothes: wear stout boots, so no sneakers or sandals I suppose, and clothes suitable for an active day in the hills, preferably a long-sleeved t-shirt. That's probably in case you land in the stinging nettles! It also says we should bring a packed lunch. We do not recommend soft drinks or flasks of coffee. Water is really the best thing to drink. We'd also need to bring suntan lotion and something to protect your head from the sun!
PAULINE:
OK that sounds reasonable. And where would we stay?
MARIA:
Well look! They seem to operate a campsite too, because it says here that it's only $10 a day to pitch a tent. That'd be fine, wouldn't it? And that way we'd save quite a bit because even a cheap hotel would cost money.
PAULINE:
Urn..or perhaps we could stay in a bed and breakfast nearby. It gives a couple of names here we could ring. I think I might prefer that. Hotels and youth hostels would all be miles away from the farm and I don't fancy a caravan.
MARIA:
No, I agree. But let's take a tent and pray for good weather.
PAULINE:
OK - let's do it. What about next weekend?
MARIA:
No, I can't - I'm going on a geography field trip.
PAULINE:
....and then it's the weekend before the exams and I really need to study.
MARIA:
OK, then. Let's make it the one after the exams.
PAULINE:
Fine - we'll need a break by then. Can you ring and ...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem beginner's course giá bao nhiêu

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "We might try the beginner's course. What sort of prices are we looking at?"

Nghe thấy "the beginner's course [...] is $320 - no, sorry 330 - it's just gone up"

=> Giá cũ là 320, nhưng vừa mới tăng lên thành 330 => Loại đáp án B

=> Đáp án là C




Xem full giải thích
2
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem insurance cover cái gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And you also have to become a member of our club so that you're insured"

Nghe thấy " it's only third party and covers you against damage to other people or their belongings, but not theft or injury"

=> Không cover mất đồ hay thương tích cá nhân chỉ cover thiệt hại cho người khácthiết bị của họ => Loại đáp án A, B, D

=> Đáp án là C


Xem full giải thích
3
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe cách mà cô gái travel

=> Biết đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "what's the best way to get to your place?"

Nghe thấy "we're pretty keen cyclists"

=> Bên Maria muốn đi xe đạp => Có thể đáp án là D



Xem full giải thích
4
McDonald/Macdonald/MacDonald
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là tên riêng (Mr&Mrs .... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And your address?"

Nghe thấy "Care of Mr and Mrs McDonald" (care of = C/o)



Sau đó nghe thấy Maria confirm là like the hamburgers

=> Tên giống hãng McDonald => Đáp án là McDonald / MacDonald / Macdonald (có nhiều cách phiên âm)



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5
Post Office Box 676/PO Box 676
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là địa chỉ (.... Newcastle)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "The post office box addres is probably best" >

Nghe thấy "It's PO Box 676, Newcastle

=> Có thể điền PO Box luôn hoặc viết đầy đủ ra là Post Office Box đều được => Đáp án là Post Office Box 676 hoặc PO Box 676



Xem full giải thích
6
775431
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là mã số fax (Fax no: 0249 .... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Is there a fax number there..."

Nghe thấy it's 0249, that's for Newcastle and then double seven five four three one

=> 0249 cho sẵn, mình chỉ điền phần sau => Đáp án là 775431



Xem full giải thích
7
credit card/Visa
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một loại thẻ thanh toán ví dụ như credit card, debit card, etc. (Type of card: .... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "How would you be paying?"

Nghe thấy Maria nói "By credit card, if that's OK. Do you take Visa?"



Bên kia đáp lại là "We take all major cards, including Visa"

=> Chấp nhận mọi loại thẻ bao gồm cả Visa => Đáp án là credit card/ Visa đều được



Xem full giải thích
8
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem người ta phải đem theo 2 vật phẩm gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "we'd have to take a few things along"

Nghe thấy "....no sneakers or sandals I suppose, and clothes suitable for an active day in the hills, preferably a long-sleeved T-shirt"

=> Không mang theo sneakers hoặc sandals, khuyến khích mang áo dài tay => Loại đáp án A

=> Chọn đáp án D



Nghe tiếp thấy "we do not recommend soft drinks or flasks of coffee"

Xem full giải thích
9
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem người ta phải đem theo 2 vật phẩm gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "we'd have to take a few things along"





Nghe thấy "....no sneakers or sandals I suppose, and clothes suitable for an active day in the hills, preferably a long-sleeved T-shirt"

=> Không mang theo sneakers hoặc sandals, khuyến khích mang áo dài tay => Loại đáp án A

=> Chọn đáp án D

Xem full giải thích
10
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem 2 accomodation nào ở gần paragliding school

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "where would we stay?" (hỏi về accommodation)

Nghe thấy "They seem to operate a campsite too"

=> Đáp án là A



Xem full giải thích
11
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Nghe tiếp thấy "We'd save quite a bit because even a cheap hotel would cost money"

=> Không muốn ở cheap hotel => Loại đáp án G



Nghe tiếp thấy we could stay in a bed and breakfast nearby

=> Gần đó có bed and breakfast => Đáp án là F





Xem full giải thích
12
after the exams/after exams
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem the girls quyết định đi vào cuối tuàn nào

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "what about next weekend ?"

Nghe thấy Maria nói "I can't "

Sau đó Pauline nói "...and then it's the weekend before the exams"

=> Cuối tuần sau và tuần tới là không được



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 13 - 22
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
GOODWOOD CAR SHOW
Type of car: Duesenberg J-type
Number made:
13

Type of body:
14

Engines contained capsules of mercury to ensure a
15
trip.
Top speed:
16
kilometres per hour.
Sold as a
17

Main attraction:
18

Type of car: LeyatHelica
Number built:
19

Car looks like a
20
without
21

Steering used the
22


❓ Tapescript section 2

Goodwood Car Show
00:00
The Goodwood Museum is currently celebrating some of the most extravagant types of car design in its festival of speed. Here's our reporter Vincent Freed, who's on site, to tell us about some of the cars on display.
Well, here I am, standing in front of one of the most prestigious cars ever built, the Duesenberg, a fantastically expensive, luxurious car built in the early part of the 20th century and bearing all the glamorous qualities of the jazz age. How many were there? Well, only 473 Duesenberg J-tvpes were ever built and the model here is one of the rarest.
Each had a short 125-inch chassis or framework and the body was always in the form of an open two-seater. The technology behind the car's 6.9-litre engine was extraordinary. It featured capsules of mercury in the engines to absorb vibration and provide an incredibly smooth ride.
In fact, these cars offered unparalleled performance ... in an age when 160 kilometres per hour was considered very fast, the Duesenberg promised a top speed of 180 kilometres per hour and could do 140 kilometres per hour in second gear.
Duesenberg, who designed the car, sold it as a frame and engine ... this was typical of the age again and many prestige manufacturers such as Rolls-Royce did exactly the same. Owners able to afford the hefty $9,000 price tag for the basic car would then commission a coachwork company to build a body tailored to their own individual requirements.
The Duesenbero's great attraction for the driver, was its instrument panel which offered all the usual features but also several others including a stop-watch. It was the Duesenberg's technology that lay behind its success as a racing car and they dominated the American racing scene in the 1920s winning the Indianapolis Grand Prix in 1924, '25 and '27.
On to another celebrity, the 1922 Leyat Helica. Only 30 of these French propellor cars were built and the model here at Goodwood, which was the fourth to be made, is thought to be the only surviving example still capable of running.
The brains behind this car was Marcel Leyat who was an aviation pioneer first and foremost, and the influence of flying is quite apparent in the car. The Leyat very strongly resembles a light aircraft with its front propellor but in this case it's minus any wings of course!
It's quite odd to think that this car was whirring through France, just as the Duesenberg was blasting down roads at 160 kilometres per hour across the Atlantic. The Leyats were used regularly in France in the 1920s and were even produced in saloon and van form, as well as two-seater.
The Leyat matched its propellor drive with its equally bizarre steering which used the rear rather than the front wheels! But despite looking rather frail, it was a tough machine. In fact, when troops tried to steal it during the Second World War, the car's baffling design was clearly beyond the would-be thieves and it ended up being driven into a tree, breaking the propellor. And now for the Firebird ...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

13
473
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là số lượng được sản xuất (number made ... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "How many were there?" (hỏi về số lượng)

Nghe tiếp thấy "only 473 Duesenberg J-types were ever built..."

=> Đáp án là 473



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14
open 2/two-seater/two seater
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là loại thân xe (Type of body ... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "...and the body was always..."

Nghe thấy the body was always in the form of an open two-seater (form = type)

=> Đáp án là (open) 2/two(-)seater



Xem full giải thích
15
smooth
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xe engine có capsules of mercury để đảm bảo chuyến đi như thế nào (Engines contained capsules of mercury to ensure a ... trip)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "The technology behind the car's 6.9-litre engine was extraordinary"

Nghe thấy to absorb vibration and provide an incredibly smooth ride (ride = trip)

=> Mục đích của capsules of mercury là để chống xóc và mang lại một chuyến đi êm ái => Đáp án là smooth



Xem full giải thích
16
180
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là tốc độ nhanh nhất (top speed: .... km/h)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "these cars offered unparalled performance" (hiệu suất -> tốc độ)

Nghe thấy "the Duesenberg promised a top speed of 180 kilometers per hour and could do 140 kilometers per hour in second gear"

=> Tốc độ tối đa là 180, còn 140 là tốc độ khi chuyển sang chế độ khác => Đáp án là 180



Xem full giải thích
17
frame and engine
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem nó được bán như thế nào (sold as a ... )

Nghe thấy "Duesenberg, who designed the car, sold it as a frame and engine

=> Gần như lặp lại câu trong đề => Đáp là frame and engine



Xem full giải thích
18
instrument panel/instruments/stop-watch
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là điểm thu hút chính của chiếc xe

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "The Duesenbero's great attraction for the driver..."

Nghe thấy "Duesenberg's great attraction for the driver was its instrument panel which offered all the usual features but also several others including a stop-watch"

=> Câu này có thể hiểu theo vài cách để xác định đáp án:

(1) điểm nhấn chính của xe là instrument panel; (2) điểm nhấn của xe là các instruments nằm trên instrument panel (3) điểm nhấn của xe là stop-watch, do nó là thiết bị duy nhất được nói cụ thể => Đáp án là instrument panel / instruments / stop-watch



Xem full giải thích
19
30
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là số lượng xe Leyat Helica sản xuất

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "On tho another celebrity, the 1992 Leyat Helica."





Nghe thấy "only 30 of these French propellor cars were built " => Đáp án là 30


Xem full giải thích
20
light aircraft/plane
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là chiếc xe sẽ nhìn giống cái gì nếu không có cái gì (Cars look like a ... without ...)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "the influence of flying is quite apparent" (đề cập tới chi tiết chiếc xe)

Nghe thấy the Leyat very strongly resembles a light aircraft

=> Nhìn giống như máy bay nhỏ => Đáp án là light aircraft/ light plane



Xem full giải thích
21
wings
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Tiếp theo của câu trước, mình nghe thấy "In this case it's minus any wings of course"

=> Trong trường hợp này không có cánh => Đáp án là wings



Xem full giải thích
22
rear wheels
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cuối cùng là steering sử dụng cái gì (steering used a ... )

=> Biết đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "...its propellor drive with its euqally bizzarre steering..."





Nghe thấy "which used the rear wheels rather than the front wheels"

=> Dùng bánh sau để bẻ lái chứ không phải bánh trước => Đáp án là rear wheels



Xem full giải thích

Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 23 - 24
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Research details:
Title of project:
23

Focus of project: entertainment away from
24

Question 25 - 28
Choose the correct letters A-C.
25
Which chart shows the percentage of cinema seats provided by the different cinema houses?
Which chart shows the percentage of cinema seats provided by the different cinema houses?
A
Chart A
B
Chart B
C
Chart C
26
Which graph shows the relative popularity of different cinemas?
Which graph shows the relative popularity of different cinemas?
A
Graph A
B
Graph B
C
Graph C
27
What did Rosie and Mike realise about the two theatres?
A
The prices were very similar.
B
They were equally popular.
C
They offered the same facilities.
28
Which graph shows comparative attendance for cinema and theatre?
Which graph shows comparative attendance for cinema and theatre?
A
Graph A
B
Graph B
C
Graph C
Question 29 - 32
Drag your answers in the option list into the boxes
PTP1_L1_P3_survey on local entertainment_NoOpt.png
29
30
31
32
A
Poor
B
OK
C
Excellent

❓ Tapescript section 3

Survey On Local Entertainment
00:00
Tutor:
Good morning everyone. Well I think we can start straightaway by getting Rosie and Mike to do their presentation. Would you like to start, Rosie?
Rosie:
Yes, well, urn, we've done a survey on local entertainment. Basically, we tried to find out how students feel about the entertainment in the town and how much they use it.
Mike:
Yes, so we've called our project 'Out and About' ...
Tutor:
Yes, that's a good title! 'Out and About'.
Rosie:
We wanted to find out how well students use the entertainment facilities in town ... whether they get to see the latest plays, films ... that kind of thing.
Tutor:
Now, we have our own facilities on campus of course ...
Rosie:
Yes, we deliberately omitted those as we really wanted to examine outside entertainment in the town as opposed to on the university campus.
Mike:
Actually there were a lot of areas to choose from but in the end we limited ourselves to looking at three general categories: cinema, theatre and music.
Tutor:
Right.
Rosie:
OK. Well, first of all cinema. In the town, there are three main places where you can see films. There's the new multi-screen cinema complex, the old Park cinema, and a late-night Odeon.
Mike:
So if you look at this chart ... in terms of audience size, the multi-screen complex accounts for 75% of all cinema seats, the Park Cinema, accounts for 20% of seats and the late-night Odeon has just 5% of seats.
Rosie:
As you probably know, the Complex and the Park show all the latest films, while the late-night cinema tends to show cult films. So, when we interviewed the students, we thought the Complex would be the most popular choice of cinema ... but surprisingly it was the late-night Odeon.
Mike:
Yeah, and most students said that if they wanted to see a new film, they waited for it to show at the Park because the complex is more expensive and further out of town so you have to pay more to get there as well.
Tutor:
Yes, and that adds to the cost, of course, and detracts from the popularity, evidently.
Rosie:
Well, next, we looked at theatres. The results here were interesting because, as you know, there's a theatre on campus, which is popular. But there's also the Stage Theatre in town, which is very old and architecturally quite beautiful. And there's the large, modern theatre, the Ashtop, that has recently been built.
Tutor:
So you just looked at the two theatres in town?
Mike:
Yes. But the thing about the theatres is that there's a whole variety of seat prices. Also, the types of performance vary ...so students tend to buy seats at both and like using both for different reasons and if they want cheap seats at the Ashtop, they can just sit further from the front.
Rosie:
What we did find that was very interesting is that there are periods during the year when students seem to go to the theatre and periods when they go to the cinema and we really think that's to do with budget. If you look at this graph, you can see that there's a peak around November/December when they go to the theatre more and then a period in April/Mav when neither is particularly popular and then theatre viewing seems to trail off virtually while the cinema becomes quite popular in June/July.
Tutor:
Mmm. I think you're probably right about your conclusions ...
Mike:
Well, lastly we looked at music. And this time we were really investigating the sort of small music clubs that offer things like folk or specialise in local bands.
Tutor:
So not musicals as such ...
Mike:
That's right.
Rosie:
We looked at three small music venues and we examined the quality of the entertainment and venue and gave a ranking for these: a cross meaning that the quality was poor, a tick meaning it was OK and two ticks for excellent. First of all, The Blues Club, which obviously specialises in blues music. This was a pretty small place and the seating was minimal so we didn't give that a very good rating.
Mike:
No! We don't recommend that one really.
Rosie:
Then The Sansue which plays a lot of South American music was a big place, very lively, good performers so two ticks for that one.
Rosie:
The Pier Hotel is a folk venue ... a good place for local and up-and-coming folk artists to play. Not the best of venues as it's in a basement and a bit dark but the quality of the entertainment was reasonable and the lighting was very warm so we felt it deserved an average rating. Finally, there's the Baldrock Cafe which features big rock bands and is pretty popular with students and we enjoyed ourselves there as well, so top marks for that one.
Tutor:
And then did you get any information from the students as to which of the clubs they preferred?

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

23
Out and About
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là tên của dự án (Title of project: .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "We've done a survey" (survey là một phần của project)

Nghe thấy "we've called our project 'Out and About'

=> Đáp án là Out and About



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24
the university campus/university campus
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem dự án không focus vào entertainment ở đâu (entertainment away from ... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "how well students use the entertainment facilities..."

Nghe thấy "we really wanted to examine outside entertainment in the town as opposed to on the university campus"

=> Muốn khám phá entertainment ở trong thành phố chứ không phải trên campus => Đáp án là (the) university campus



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25
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem bảng nào shows percentage của ghế ngồi trong rạp

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "Well, first of all, cinema."

Nghe thấy the multi-screen complex accounts for 75% of all cinema seats

=> Complex (phần màu cam) chiếm 75% tổng số ghế ngồi => Nhìn vào đáp án chỉ thấy một biểu đồ mà phần màu cam chiếm 3/4 (75%) => Đáp án là B



Nghe tiếp thấy Park Cinema accounts for 20% Odeon has just 5%

Xem full giải thích
26
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem biểu đồ nào thể hiện popularity của các rạp phim

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "...we thought the Complex would be the most popular choice of cinema..."

Nghe thấy "we thought the Complex would be the most popular choice of cinema ... but surprisingly it was the late-night Odeon

=> Odeon là nói có popularity lớn nhất => Tuy nhiên biểu đồ nào cũng cho thấy Odeon popular nhất => Cần nghe thêm



Xem full giải thích
27
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Rosie và Mike nhận ra điều gì ở 2 theatres

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "So you just looked at the two theatres in town?"

Nghe tiếp thấy "There's a whole variety of seat prices"

=> Có nhiều loại giá vé khác nhau dựa trên chỗ ngồi => Loại đáp án A



Nghe tiếp thấy "Students tend to buy seats at both and like using both for different reasons"

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28
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem biểu đồ nào show comparative attendance

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "...periods during the year when students seem to go to the theatre and periods when they go to the cinema"





Nghe thấy "there's a peak around November/December when they go to the theater more"

=> Điểm cao nhất của cả 2 đường là vào tháng 11/12,theater cao hơn cinema trong khoảng này => Nhìn vào các biểu đồ đề cho chỉ có A là hợp lý

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29
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng đầu tiên là The Blues Club

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "First of all, The Blues Club, ..."

Nghe thấy "... so we didn't give that a very good rating"

=> Tức là chỗ này được điểm thấp nhất => Đáp án là A



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30
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng tiếp theo là The Sansue

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Then The Sansue...."

Nghe thấy "...very lively, good performers so two ticks for that one" (có nghe đầu đoạn này là two ticks = excellent)

=> Đáp án là C



Nếu bạn không nhớ được two ticks = excellent thì bạn cũng có thể suy ra đáp án dựa trên việc địa điểm này nhận được toàn review tốt

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31
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là the Pier Hotel

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "The Pier Hotel is a folk venue"

Nghe thấy "not the best of venue và we felt it deserved an average rating"

=> Chỉ xứng đáng được điểm trung bình, tức là chỉ OK => Đáp án là B



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32
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng cuối cùng là Baldrock Cafe

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Finally, there's the Baldrock Cafe..."

Nghe thấy "...so top marks for that one"

=> Điểm cao nhất cho chỗ này (excellent) => Đáp án là C



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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 33 - 34
Complete the notes using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Main focus of lecture: the impact of
33
on the occurrence of dust storms.
Two main types of impact:
  • break up ground surface, e.g. off-road vehicle use.

  • remove protective plants, e.g.

    34
    .

Question 35 - 38
Complete the table using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Question 39 - 42
Complete the flow chart using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Drying-up of Aral Sea
STEP 01
Intensive
39
in Central Asian Republics
STEP 02
Drop in water in major tributaries
STEP 03
Total volume of water in lake reduced by
40

STEP 04
Increase in wind-blown material
STEP 05
Lake has increased its
41

STEP 06
Serious effects on
42
nearby

❓ Tapescript section 4

The Adverse Effects Of Desert Dust On Global Climate
00:00
In the last lecture, we looked at the adverse effects of desert dust on global climate. Today we're going to examine more closely what causes dust storms and what other effects they can have. As you know, dust storms have always been a feature of desert climates, but what we want to focus on today is the extent to which human activity is causing them. And it is this trend that I want to look at, because it has wide-ranging implications.
So - what are these human activities? Well, there are two main types that affect the wind erosion process, and thus the frequency of dust storms. There are activities that break up naturally wind-resistant surfaces such as off-road vehicle use and construction and there are those that remove protective vegetation cover from soils, for example, mainly farming and drainage. In many cases the two effects occur simultaneously which adds to the problem.
Let's look at some real examples and see what I'm talking about. Perhaps the best-known example of agricultural impact on desert dust is the creation of the USA's 'dust bowl' in the 1930s. The dramatic rise in the number of dust storms during the latter part of that decade was the result of farmers mismanaging their land. In fact, choking dust storms became so commonplace that the decade became known as the 'Dirty Thirties'.
Researchers observed a similar, but more prolonged, increase in dustiness in West Africa between the 1960s and the 1980s when the frequency of the storms rose to 80 a year and the dust was so thick that visibility was reduced to 1,0 metres. This was a hazard to pilots and road users.
In places like Arizona, the most dangerous dust clouds are those generated by dry thunderstorms. Here, this type of storm is so common that the problem inspired officials to develop an alert system to warn people of oncoming thunderstorms. When this dust is deposited it causes all sorts of problems for machine operators. It can penetrate the smallest nooks and crannies and play havoc with the way things operate because most of the dust is made up of quartz which is very hard.
Another example - the concentration of dust originating from the Sahara has risen steadily since the mid-1960s. This increase in wind erosion has coincided with a prolonged drought, which has gripped the Sahara's southern fringe. Drought is commonly associated with an increase in dust-raising activity but it's actually caused by low rainfall which results in vegetation dying off.
One of the foremost examples of modern human-induced environmental degradation is the drying up of the Aral Sea in Central Asia. Its ecological demise dates from the 1950s when intensive irrigation began in the then Central Asian republics of the USSR. This produced a dramatic decline in the volume of water entering the sea from its two major tributaries.
In I960, the Aral Sea was the fourth-largest lake in the world, but since that time it has lost two-thirds of its volume, its surface area has halved and its water level has dropped by more than 216 metres. A knock-on effect of this ecological disaster has been the release of significant new sources of wind-blown material, as the water level has dropped.
And the problems don't stop there. The salinity of the lake has increased so that it is now virtually the same as sea water. This means that the material that is blown from the dry bed of the Aral Sea is highly saline. Scientists believe it is adversely affecting crops around the sea because salts are toxic to plants.
This shows that dust storms have numerous consequences beyond their effects on climate, both for the workings of environmental systems and for people living in drylands ...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

33
human activity/activities
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái gì gây ra dust storms (Main focus of lecture: the impact of ... on the occurrence of dust storms)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Today we're going to look more closely what causes dust storms..."





Nghe thấy what we want to focus on today (=main focus)

Nghe tiếp thấy" ...the extent to which human activity is causing them "

Xem full giải thích
34
farming and drainage
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem hoạt động nào remove protective plants (remove protective plants, e.g ... )

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "there are two main types..."

Nghe thấy remove protective vegetation (vegetation = plants)

=> Sau đó nghe tiếp thấy "for example, mainly farming and drainage" (for example = e.g) => Đáp án là farming and drainange



Xem full giải thích
35
Dirty Thirties/30s
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem thập kỷ được đổi tên thành gì (decade renamed the .... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "... is the creation of the USA dust bowl"

Mình nghe được "was the result of farmers mismanaging their land" (đang nói tới ý đầu tiên -> chuẩn bị chuyển qua ý sau)

Nghe tiếp thấy dust storms became so commonplace that the decade known as the 'Dirty Thirties'

=> Thập niên được biết đến với tên mới => Đáp án là Dirty Thirties/30s



Xem full giải thích
36
dry thunderstorms
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem ở Arizona dust clouds tồi tệ nhất bắt nguồn từ đâu (worst dust clouds arise from .... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "In places like Arizona,.... "

Nghe thấy the most dangerous dust clouds are those generated by dry thunderstorms

=> Đust clouds nguy hiểm nhất được tạo ra bới dry thunderstorm (arise from = generated by) => Đáp án là dry thunderstorms



Xem full giải thích
37
machine operators
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem trầm tích của dusts gây khó khăn cho cái gì (Dust deposits are hazardous to... )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "when this dust is deposited"

Nghe thấy "it causes all sorts of problems for machine operators"

=> Bụi gây ra đủ loại vấn đề cho machine operators, có nghĩa tương đương với are hazardous to (nguy hiểm đối với) => Đáp án là machine operators



Xem full giải thích
38
drought
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ở Sahara wind erosion đã xảy ra cùng lúc với cái gì (Increased wind erosion has occurred along with long-term ... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "the concentration of dust originating from the Sahara..."

Nghe tiếp thấy " this increase in wind erosion has coincided with a prolonged drought "

=> Wind erosion xảy ra cùng lúc với hạn hán kéo dài (prolonged = long-term) => Đáp án là drought



Xem full giải thích
39
irrigation
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái gì xảy ra ở Central Asian Republics (Intensive ... in Central Asian Republics)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghethấy "...is the drying up of Aral Sea in Central Asia"

Nghe tiếp thấy "When intensive irrigation began in the then Central Asian Republics"

=> Đáp án là irrigation



Xem full giải thích
40
two-thirds
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thể tích nước hồ đã giảm bao nhiêu

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "The Aral Sea was the fourth-largest lake in the world"

Nghe thấy ".... but since that time it has lost two-thirds of its volume"

=> Lượng nước bị giảm mất 2/3 => Đáp án là two-thirds



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41
salinity
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là hồ đã tăng cái gì

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "And the problem don't stop there" (chuyển ý)

Nghe tiếp thấy the salinity of the lake has increased

=> Độ mặn của hồ đã tăng => Đáp án là salinity



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42
crops/plants/agriculture
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem những thay đổi đã tác động lên cái gì gần đó

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "It is adversely affecting" (adversely = serious)

Nghe thấy "It is adversely affecting crops around the sea because salts are toxic to plants"

=> Đang gây ảnh hưởng xấu lên cây cối xung quanh, có độc cho cây cỏ => Đáp án đúng là crops/ plants/ agricultre



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