Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 6 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

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Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 6 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below. Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
ACCOMMODATION FORM: RENTAL PROPERTIES
Name: Jane Ryder
Contact phone number: (0044)
1


Email address: richard@
2

co.uk
Occupation: a local
3


Type of accommodation: a 2-bedroom apartment wanted
(must have its own
4

)
no
5

required (family bringing theirs)
a
6

in the kitchen is preferable
Preferred location: near a
7


Maximum rent:
8

per month
Other requests: the accommodation has to be
9

in the day time
How did you first hear about us? Through a
10



❓ Tapescript section 1

Accommodation Form: Rental Properties
Agent:
Fairfield Rentals. Andrew Williams. How can I help you?
Woman:
Oh hello. I'm calling from the UK - um, my family are moving to Canada early next year, and we're hoping to find somewhere to rent in Fairfield for the first six months while we settle in.
Agent:
Right, I see. Well, let's get your details.
Woman:
Yes, my name's Jane Ryder.
Agent:
OK, Jane. And can I have a phone number - the best number to get you on?
Woman:
Well, that'd probably be our home number - So 0044 for the UK, and then it's 208 613 2978.
Agent:
Alright. And an email address, please, so we can send you out all the information and forms.
Woman:
I think it's best if I give you my husband's email - he's sitting in front of a computer all day so he can print stuff off and get it back to you sooner than I could. It's richard@visiontech.co.uk. I'll just spell the company name for you.
Woman:
That's V-I-S-I-O-N-T-E-C-H.
Agent:
Great. And we have a question here about occupation.
Woman:
Richard's an IT specialist for an advertising company. They're transferring him to their Fairfield branch.
Agent:
Actually, just your job for now, thanks.
Woman:
Me? I'm a doctor at the hospital in our town.
Agent:
OK, I'll put that down. Now, what kind of accommodation are you looking for? House, apartment?
Woman:
An apartment, probably, as long as it has two bedrooms. There'll be me, my husband and our ten-year- old son.
Agent:
And so with an apartment, you're less likely to get a garden.
Woman:
That's OK
Agent:
But what about a garage - is that something you'll want the apartment to have?
Woman:
Yes, that's definitely important.
Agent:
OK, just a moment, I'll just make a note of that.
Woman:
But - er before we go on - I should probably say now that what we don't need is any furniture - because we'll be shipping all that over, and I don't really want to pay for storage while we're waiting to buy a house.
Agent:
Not a problem. I'll make a note of that.
Woman:
Actually, though, just thinking about the kitchen, what can I expect from a rental property? I mean, what kind of equipment is provided?
Agent:
Well, the normal thing is that you get a stove - I think that's a cooker in British English.
Woman:
OK, good to know, but how about a fridge? We'll be selling ours before we come, so if possible, we'd like the apartment to have one for when we arrive.
Agent:
I can certainly add that to the form. If there's any other whiteware that you need - like a dishwasher for example, there are plenty of stores here that'll arrange delivery on the same day as purchase.
Woman:
Thanks. Hopefully we won't need to buy too many things.
Agent:
Now, how about location? Have you done any research into the Fairfield area?
Woman:
Not that much so far.
Agent:
Well, you mentioned you have a boy - I imagine you'd like to be fairly close to a school.
Woman:
Good idea. That would help. What's public transport like in Fairfield? Is it easy to get around?
Agent:
The bus service is pretty comprehensive - there are plenty of local routes, services into the city and out of town.
Woman:
OK, and for a two-bedroom apartment - what sort of rent should we expect to pay?
Agent:
Well, looking at the properties we have at the moment, prices start from around £730 per month, and - depending on the area - can go up to £1,200.
Woman:
That's too much. Something halfway would be better.
Agent:
So, would your limit be, say, £950?
Woman:
I'd say so, yes.
Agent:
Can I ask if you smoke or if you have any pets?
Woman:
No to both questions. But I do have one more request, please.
Agent:
Yes?
Woman:
Well, I've also been offered a job - at Victoria General Hospital - and I suspect I'll be working nights occasionally - so what I really need from any apartment is for it to be quiet - so I can catch up on sleep if necessary during the day.
Agent:
Congratulations on the job offer. I'll add your request to the form. Well, what I'll do is compile a list of suitable properties for you and send them via email. Um, can I just ask - how did you hear about us? Obviously not from our commercials if you're living in the UK.
Woman:
Actually, it was a friend of ours. He spent a few months in Fairfield a couple of years ago and he pointed us in the direction of your website.
Agent:
Well, it's good to be recommended. So, what I'll do is…

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
2086132978

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần tìm là số điện thoại của người phụ nữ (Contact phone number (0044))

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And can I have a phone number - the best number to get you on?'' smiley26 Mình nghe được là '' So 0044 for the UK, and then it's 208 613 2978.''

=> Đáp án là 208 613 2978 check

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Section

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

Question 11 - 15
Complete the sentences below Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORD for each answer.
11
The police officer suggests neighbours give each other their


12
Neighbours should discuss what to do if there’s any kind of


13
It’s a good idea to leave on the


14
Think carefully about where you put any


15
It’s a good idea to buy good-quality


Question 16 - 20
Which crime prevention measures is proposed for each area affected by crime? Choose FIVE answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-G.
List of Findings
A
install lightning
B
have more police officers on patrol
C
remove surrounding vegetation
D
contact local people
E
fix damage quickly
F
change road design
G
use security cameras
16
skate park
17
local primary schools
18
Abbotsford Street
19
shops on Victoria Street
20
supermarket car park

❓ Tapescript section 2

Crime Prevention
Well, good afternoon. I'm Constable James McDonald, and as you may know, I'm the community police officer for the local area.
That means that - as part of my job - I try to get out in the community as much as possible - talk to the people that live in this neighbourhood - people like yourselves - and make sure there's an effective level of communication between the public and the police - hence the reason for this meeting.
There have been several burglaries in the area in the last few weeks and I'd like to talk about ways you can keep your home and property safe.
So, I'd suggest that a good way to start is by talking to your neighbours and exchanging contact details with them. This'll allow you to get in touch immediately if there's anything suspicious happening next door.
Then, make sure you have a good discussion about the best course of action to take in case of emergency - make sure everyone is clear about what to do and who to call. If you plan ahead, this'll prevent uncertainty and even panic should anything happen later.
Another thing that I would advise you to do is always leave your radio playing - even when you go out. And if you keep your curtains closed, burglars are less likely to try and break in because they can't be sure whether someone's home or not.
Now, none of us want to be in the situation where we can't get into our own home, but do take time to think where the best and safest place is to leave your spare keys.
Putting them under the door mat or anywhere near the front door is just asking for trouble. You'd be surprised how many people actually do this - and it makes life really easy for burglars.
All these things will help keep your community safe and will cost you nothing. However, if you are going to spend some money, what I'd recommend more than anything else is that you invest in some well-made window locks for your house. This will give you peace of mind.
OK, moving on. Unfortunately, there's been an increase in the number of minor crimes and anti-social behaviour in the general area and I want to talk about some specific prevention measures that are being proposed.
First of all, the skate park. As you probably know, it's well used by younger people in our community but unfortunately we're getting more and more reports of broken glass - making it especially dangerous for younger children.
One possible solution here is to get rid of some of the trees and bushes around the park - making it more visible to passersby and vehicles. If the vandals know they're being watched, this might act as a deterrent.
As you will have heard, a couple of local primary schools have also been vandalised recently - despite the presence of security guards. The schools don't have the funds for video surveillance - so we need people in the neighbourhood to call their nearest police station and report any suspicious activity immediately.
Please don't hesitate to do this. I expect most of you are familiar with the problems facing Abbotsford Street. It seems that no amount of warning signs or speed cameras will slow speeding drivers down.
I'm happy to say, however, that the council have agreed to begin work over the next few months to put in a new roundabout. What else?
Oh, yes. The newsagent and the gift shop on Victoria Street were both broken into last week, and although no money was taken, the properties have suffered some serious damage.
Access was gained to these shops through the small alleyway at the back of the properties - it's dark and as you can imagine, no one saw the thief or thieves in action. So, we've been advising shop owners along there about what kind of video recording equipment they can have put in - we’ll then be able to get evidence of any criminal activity on film.
The supermarket car park is also on our list of problem areas. We've talked to the supermarket managers and council authorities and we've advised them to get graffiti cleaned off immediately and get the smashed lights replaced.
If you don't deal with this sort of thing at once, there's a strong possibility that the activity will increase and spread, and then it becomes ...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
Contact details

Giải thích chi tiết

smiley5 Mình cần biết officer khuyên hàng xóm cho nhau cái gì (The police officer suggests neighbours give each other their .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''So, I'd suggest that a good way to start ...'' (đây là điều đầu tiên mà officer khuyên) smiley16 Mình nghe được là ''So, I'd suggest that a good way to start is by talking to your neighbours and exchanging contact details with them.''

=> Officer khuyên hàng xóm cho nhau thông tin liên lạc. => Đáp án là contact details check

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Section

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

Question 21 - 26
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
Mike suggests they begin their presentation by
A
explaining what kind of harm is caused by fossil fuels.
B
pointing out that biofuels were in use before fossil fuels.
C
ensuring students know the difference between fossil fuels and biofuels.
22
Karina doesn't want to discuss the production of ethanol because
A
other students will already be familiar with the process.
B
there will not be time to cover more important information.
C
they may not provide an accurate description.
23
Which source of biofuel do the students agree is least environmentally friendly?
A
sugar cane
B
corn
C
canola
24
What is the main problem facing the development of the biofuels industry in the USA?
A
inadequate infrastructure for transporting ethanol
B
not enough farmers growing biofuel crops
C
little government support of biofuel development
25
Karina doubts that sugar cane production in Brazil will
A
lead to the loss of wildlife habitats.
B
create a large number of jobs in the biofuel sector.
C
continue to provide enough energy for the country's needs.
26
Karina and Mike conclude that in order to increase the use of biofuels
A
the price of fossil fuels must go up.
B
more machinery must be adapted to use them.
C
production methods must be more energy-efficient.
Question 27 - 30
Answer the questions below. 
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
What TWO biofuel-related problems do Mike and Karina decide to focus on in the last section of their presentation?
27


28


Which TWO sources of biofuel do Mike and Karina say are being tried out?
29


• algae
30



❓ Tapescript section 3

Presentation On The Problems And Potential Of Biofuels
Karina:
Hi, Mike. How's it going?
Mike:
Actually, I was up last night with an assignment so - yeah, I'm tired, but I guess we'd better sort this presentation out.
Karina:
Well, we've done enough background reading, but I think we need to organise exactly what we're going to say about biofuels during the presentation, and the order.
Mike:
I thought we could start by asking our audience what car engines were first designed to run on - fossil fuels or biofuels.
Karina:
Nice idea.
Mike:
Yes, when most people think about cars and fuel, they think about all the carbon dioxide that's produced, but they don't realise that that wasn't always the case.
Karina:
You're probably right. The earliest car engines ran on fuel made from corn and peanut oil, didn't they?
Mike:
Yes. The manufacturers used the corn and peanut oil and turned them into a kind of very pure alcohol.
Karina:
You mean ethanol?
Mike:
Yes. In fact, most biofuels are still based on ethanol. Actually, I've got some notes here about the process of turning plant-matter into ethanol - the chemical reactions and the fermentation stages and...
Karina:
It's interesting - the other students would appreciate it, but different biofuels use different processes and if we give a general description, there's a risk we'll get it wrong, and then the tutor might mark us down. I'd rather we focus on the environmental issues.
Mike:
Fair enough. So, um - the main plants that are used for biofuel production now are sugar cane, corn...
Karina:
And canola. Of all of them, canola is probably the least harmful because machines that use it don't produce as much carbon monoxide.
Mike:
Sugar cane seems to be controversial. It doesn’t require as much fertilizer as corn does to grow, but when they burn the sugar cane fields, that releases loads of greenhouse gases.
Karina:
Yes, but some critics have suggested that the production of corn ethanol uses up more fossil fuel energy than the biofuel energy it eventually produces. For that reason. I'd say it was more harmful to the environment.
Mike:
I see what you mean. You're probably right. It's interesting how everyone saw the biofuel industry as the answer to our energy problems, but in some ways, biofuels have created new problems.
Karina:
Well, in the USA. I wouldn't say that farmers are having problems - the biofuel industry for them has turned out to be really profitable.
Mike:
I think, though, that even in the USA, ethanol is still only used as an additive to gasoline, or petrol. The problem is that it still has to be transported by trucks or rail because they haven't built any pipelines to move it. Once they do. it'll be cheaper and the industry might move forward.
Karina:
That'll have to happen one day. At least the government are in favour of biofuel development
Mike:
Yes. But Brazil's probably in the lead as far as biofuels are concerned - they've got to the point where they don't need to import any oil now.
Karina:
Which is great, and the industry in Brazil employs a huge number of people, but is it sustainable? I mean, as the population grows, and there are more vehicles on the roads and there's more machinery, surely they can't depend so much on sugar cane?
Karina:
At some point, there has to be a limit on how much land can be used for sugar cane production - certainly if you want to preserve natural habitats and native wildlife.
Mike:
I think that whatever problems Brazil's facing now - the same will be true for any country - you have to weigh up the pros and corns.
Karina:
Well, we probably won't see an increase in biofuel use - I mean, they won't replace fossil fuels until we can find ways to produce them cheaply and quickly and with less cost to the environment.
Mike:
... making sure they require minimal energy to produce.
Karina:
Exactly. And in a way that means they have to cost less than fossil fuels - certainly when you're filling up your car.
Mike:
Yes, and whatever other kind of engines use fossil fuels at the moment.
Karina:
Alright, so in the last section of the presentation, what problems are we focusing on?
Mike:
Well, we've already had a look at different types of pollution in the first section, so we can leave that out, but the biggest issue related to biofuels is that land is now being used to grow biofuels crops - and that's contributing to global hunger.
Karina:
Indeed. It doesn't seem right we're using corn to run cars when people can't afford to buy it to eat. Yes, let's talk about that. The other thing is that in some countries, the way that biofuel crops are grown and harvested still produces a great deal of pollution - really damaging to the atmosphere
Mike:
OK, that's definitely an issue we should look at.
Karina:
Let’s not finish on a negative note, though. Why don’t we talk about the potential new sources of biofuel - so rather than corn and sugar cane - what other plants could be used?
Mike:
Good. Some companies are exploring the possibility of using wood, and seeing how that can be used to make ethanol.
Karina:
Yes, and algae is another possibility. You can grow it in any water and it absorbs pollutants, too.
Mike:
I read that. And grasses. They're another plant that researchers are investigating as a biofuel.
Karina:
And these kind of plants aren’t used as food, which is why …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
B

Giải thích chi tiết

Đầu tiên, mình cần biết Mike suggest sẽ nói cái gì về biofuel đầu tiên

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''but I think we need to organise exactly what we're going to say about biofuels during the presentation, and the order.'' (Karina muốn họ bàn về thứ tự các phần trong bài thuyết trình)) smiley14 Mike nói là '' I thought we could start by asking our audience what car engines were first designed to run on - fossil fuels or biofuels.''

=> Mike muốn nói về việc car engines chạy bằng fossil fuels hay biofuels đầu tiên . smiley36Sau đó, khi Karina hỏi ''The earliest car engines ran on fuel made from corn and peanut oil, didn't they?'' thì Mike trả lời là "Yes"

=> Cùng với thông tin trên, mình hiểu được là biofuels được sử dụng trước fossil fuels ở trong động cơ xe đầu tiên (biofuel là nhiên liệu sinh học, tức bao gồm corn and peanut oil) => Đáp án là B check

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Section

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

Question 31 - 34
Complete the summary below. 
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
The ‘weak-tie’ theory: how friends-of-friends influence us
In 1973, Mark Granovetter claimed that the influence of "weak-ties" can affect the behaviour of populations in the fields of information science, politics and
31

. Although friends-of-friends may be unlike us, they have similar enough
32

to have a beneficial effect on our lives. An example of this influence is when we hear about
33

because information about them is provided by weak-ties. Since Granovetter proposed his theory, other studies have shown that weak-tie networks also benefit our
34

.
Question 35 - 40
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Which does the speaker believe are TWO real benefits of online social networking?
A
People can gain higher self-esteem.
B
People can access useful medical information.
C
People can form relationships more quickly.
D
People can improve academic performance.
E
People can be reliably informed about current affairs.
Which TWO problems related to online social networking will increase, according to the speaker?
A
criminal activity
B
poorer grades at school
C
a decline in physical fitness
D
less work done by employees
E
loss of career prospects
Which TWO claims are made by Robin Dunbar about networking sites?
A
They are not helpful for developing certain social skills.
B
They cannot fully reveal a person's real character.
C
They are not a good starting point for building new relationships.
D
They do not encourage people to widen their social circle.
E
They will not retain their popularity with the young generation.

❓ Tapescript section 4

The 'Weak-Tie' Theory: How Friends-Of-Friends Influence Us
Good morning. Today we're thinking about the way that technology is influencing our social structures and the way we interact with one another.
Humans, as we know, have always lived in groups; without this arrangement, our species would have died out long ago. But now, the way we see and define our group is changing.
I'd like to start by mentioning the research of American sociologist Mark Granovetter in 1973. It was Granovetter who first coined the term 'weak-ties', which he used to refer to people's loose acquaintances - in other words, friends-of- friends.
His research showed that weak-ties had a significant effect on the behaviour and choices of populations - and this influence was something highly important in the fields of information science and politics, and as you can imagine, marketing also.
So, these friends-of-friends, people we might spend time with at social or work gatherings, might not be like us but they can still have a positive influence because we share the same sort of interests.
That's enough to make a connection - and this connection can turn out to be more beneficial than we might suspect. An example of this, an example of how the connection can influence us, is when our weak-ties get in touch and pass on details about jobs they think might be suitable for us.
Well, since Granovetter first came up with this theory, his work has been cited in over 19,000 papers. Some of these studies have looked at how weak-tie networks are useful to us in other ways, and one thing that seems to improve as a result of weak-tie influence is our health.
Today, our number of weak-tie acquaintances has exploded due to the Internet - to the phenomenon of online social networking. This is still a relatively new way of communication - something that has a huge amount of potential – but also, as with any invention, it brings with it a new set of problems.
Let's start with the benefits. Without question, online social networking allows us to pass on the latest news - to be up-to-date with local and global events - and for many, this information comes from sources more trustworthy than local media.
So, this is one clear point in favour of online social networking. I know that it's also being used by students - as a means of increasing their chances of success in the way that lecture notes can be shared and ideas discussed.
I think, personally speaking, that we need some further research before we can definitively say whether it helps or not. There's also been a great increase in the number of networking sites devoted to sharing advice on health issues but there are as yet no studies to prove the reliability of that advice.
Now, what we do have clear evidence for is that people are developing friendships and professional networks in a way that wasn't possible before - the process is faster. I'm not talking about quality here, but simply that they exist.
And it's debatable whether the number of online friends that you have increases your level of self-confidence - that's perhaps an area of research some of you might be interested in following up.
Turning to the problems, there are any number of articles connecting online activity to falling levels of physical fitness - but it's too easy to blame the Internet for our social problems.
The poor grades of school children are also frequently linked to the time spent on social networking sites, but it would be naive to believe there are no other contributing factors.
One real concern, however, is the increase in the amount of fraud. Where for example, people are using the personal data of others, which they've put online, for criminal purposes.
This kind of activity seems likely to continue. And then, certainly for employers, online social networking sites have provided a great time- wasting opportunity-reducing productivity like never before, and I doubt they can put a stop to this habit, no matter what restrictions are in place.
We'll come back to these issues in a minute, but I'd like to say something about the theories of Robin Dunbar -an anthropologist at Oxford University.
Dunbar has found that the human brain has evolved in a way that means we can only give real attention to a particular number of people. 150, apparently.
So, for example, if the number of friends on your online network is greater than that, according to Dunbar, this would imply the relationships are only superficial.
Dunbar is not against online relationships, but he maintains that face-to-face interaction is essential for the initial creation of true friendship and connections.
He's concerned that for young people - if their only experience of forming relationships is online - this doesn't allow them to form the ability or acquire the strategies for maintaining relationships, for example, in situations where negotiation or diplomacy is required, or where it’s essential for …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
Marketing

Giải thích chi tiết

smiley29 Ở câu này mình cần tìm một ngành mà weak-ties ảnh hưởng

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau khi người nói giới thiệu về weak-ties, ''It was Granovetter who first coined the term 'weak-ties', ...'' smiley37 Mình nghe được là ''and this influence was something highly important in the fields of information science and politics, and as you can imagine, marketing also''

=> Nó ảnh hưởng tới ba ngành là information science, politics và marketing. => Đáp án là marketing check

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