Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 6 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 6 được lấy từ cuốn sách Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 6 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below. Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
ACCOMMODATION FORM: RENTAL PROPERTIES
Example Answer
Name: Jane Ryder
Contact phone number: (0044)
1

Email address: richard@
2
co.uk
Occupation: a local
3

Type of accommodation:
• a 2-bedroom apartment wanted (must have its own
4
)
• no
5
required (family bringing theirs)
• a
6
in the kitchen is preferable
Preferred location: near a
7

Maximum rent:
8
per month
Other requests: the accommodation has to be
9
in the day time
How did you first hear about us? Through a
10


❓ Tapescript section 1

Accommodation Form: Rental Properties
00:00
Agent:
Fairfield Rentals. Andrew Williams. How can I help you?
Woman:
Oh hello. I'm calling from the UK - um, my family are moving to Canada early next year, and we're hoping to find somewhere to rent in Fairfield for the first six months while we settle in.
Agent:
Right, I see. Well, let's get your details.
Woman:
Yes, my name's Jane Ryder.
Agent:
OK, Jane. And can I have a phone number - the best number to get you on?
Woman:
Well, that'd probably be our home number - So 0044 for the UK, and then it's 208 613 2978.
Agent:
Alright. And an email address, please, so we can send you out all the information and forms.
Woman:
I think it's best if I give you my husband's email - he's sitting in front of a computer all day so he can print stuff off and get it back to you sooner than I could. It's richard@visiontech.co.uk. I'll just spell the company name for you.
Woman:
That's V-I-S-I-O-N-T-E-C-H.
Agent:
Great. And we have a question here about occupation.
Woman:
Richard's an IT specialist for an advertising company. They're transferring him to their Fairfield branch.
Agent:
Actually, just your job for now, thanks.
Woman:
Me? I'm a doctor at the hospital in our town.
Agent:
OK, I'll put that down. Now, what kind of accommodation are you looking for? House, apartment?
Woman:
An apartment, probably, as long as it has two bedrooms. There'll be me, my husband and our ten-year- old son.
Agent:
And so with an apartment, you're less likely to get a garden.
Woman:
That's OK
Agent:
But what about a garage - is that something you'll want the apartment to have?
Woman:
Yes, that's definitely important.
Agent:
OK, just a moment, I'll just make a note of that.
Woman:
But - er before we go on - I should probably say now that what we don't need is any furniture - because we'll be shipping all that over, and I don't really want to pay for storage while we're waiting to buy a house.
Agent:
Not a problem. I'll make a note of that.
Woman:
Actually, though, just thinking about the kitchen, what can I expect from a rental property? I mean, what kind of equipment is provided?
Agent:
Well, the normal thing is that you get a stove - I think that's a cooker in British English.
Woman:
OK, good to know, but how about a fridge? We'll be selling ours before we come, so if possible, we'd like the apartment to have one for when we arrive.
Agent:
I can certainly add that to the form. If there's any other whiteware that you need - like a dishwasher for example, there are plenty of stores here that'll arrange delivery on the same day as purchase.
Woman:
Thanks. Hopefully we won't need to buy too many things.
Agent:
Now, how about location? Have you done any research into the Fairfield area?
Woman:
Not that much so far.
Agent:
Well, you mentioned you have a boy - I imagine you'd like to be fairly close to a school.
Woman:
Good idea. That would help. What's public transport like in Fairfield? Is it easy to get around?
Agent:
The bus service is pretty comprehensive - there are plenty of local routes, services into the city and out of town.
Woman:
OK, and for a two-bedroom apartment - what sort of rent should we expect to pay?
Agent:
Well, looking at the properties we have at the moment, prices start from around £730 per month, and - depending on the area - can go up to £1,200.
Woman:
That's too much. Something halfway would be better.
Agent:
So, would your limit be, say, £950?
Woman:
I'd say so, yes.
Agent:
Can I ask if you smoke or if you have any pets?
Woman:
No to both questions. But I do have one more request, please.
Agent:
Yes?
Woman:
Well, I've also been offered a job - at Victoria General Hospital - and I suspect I'll be working nights occasionally - so what I really need from any apartment is for it to be quiet - so I can catch up on sleep if necessary during the day.
Agent:
Congratulations on the job offer. I'll add your request to the form. Well, what I'll do is compile a list of suitable properties for you and send them via email. Um, can I just ask - how did you hear about us? Obviously not from our commercials if you're living in the UK.
Woman:
Actually, it was a friend of ours. He spent a few months in Fairfield a couple of years ago and he pointed us in the direction of your website.
Agent:
Well, it's good to be recommended. So, what I'll do is…

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
208 613 2978
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần tìm là số điện thoại của người phụ nữ (Contact phone number (0044))

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And can I have a phone number - the best number to get you on?''

Mình nghe được là '' So 0044 for the UK, and then it's 208 613 2978.''

=> Đáp án là 208 613 2978



Xem full giải thích
2
Visiontech
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Tiếp theo mình cần tìm địa chỉ email (Email address: richard@ .... co.uk)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And an email address, please, ...''

Đầu tiên người phụ nữ nói tên đầy đủ là ''It's richard@visiontech.co.uk.'' rồi đánh vần tên công ty là ''That's V-I-S-I-O-N-T-E-C-H.''

=> Đáp án là Visiontech



Xem full giải thích
3
Doctor
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần nghe được là nghề nghiệp (Occupation: a local ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And we have a question here about occupation.''

Đầu tiên cô ấy nói về nghề của người chồng, ''Richard's an IT specialist for an advertising company.''

Sau đó cô ấy mới nói về nghề của mình, ''I'm a doctor at the hospital in our town.''

=> Cô ấy làm bác sĩ ở bệnh viện trong thị trấn (tức local doctor) => Đáp án là doctor

Xem full giải thích
4
Garage
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Với ba câu tiếp theo mình cần nghe về loại nhà muốn thuê (a 2-bedroom apartment wanted (must have its own....))

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Now, what kind of accommodation are you looking for?''

Đầu tiên, cô ấy nói về yêu cầu chung là một căn hộ với hai phòng ngủ, ''An apartment, probably, as long as it has two bedrooms.''



Tiếp theo, cô ấy mới bàn về các tiện ích khác. Khi agent bảo rằng không có garden thì cô ấy trả lời là ''That's OK''

=> Cô ấy không cần có garden => Loại garden



Tuy nhiên, về garage, cô ấy nói là ''Yes, that's definitely important.''

Xem full giải thích
5
Furniture
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Ở câu này, mình sẽ cần tìm một vật dụng mà không cần có bởi họ sẽ tự mang. (no .... required (family bringing theirs))

Theo người phụ nữ, ''I should probably say now that what we don't need is any furniture - because we'll be shipping all that over''

=> Cô ấy không cần phòng có nội thất sẵn do cô ấy sẽ chuyển đồ cũ sang (shipping all that over) => Đáp án là furniture



Xem full giải thích
6
Fridge
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem trong bếp cần có gì (a .... in the kitchen is preferable)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Actually, though, just thinking about the kitchen, what can I expect from a rental property?''

Đầu tiên, agent nói về stove, ''Well, the normal thing is that you get a stove - I think that's a cooker in British English.'' Và cô ấy chỉ nói là ''OK, good to know''

=> Với stove thì có hay không không quan trọng => Loại stove



Sau đó, về fridge, ''We'll be selling ours before we come, so if possible, we'd like the apartment to have one for when we arrive.''

=> Cô ấy tự hỏi agent rằng có fridge hay không, và cô ấy bảo là nếu có thể thì cô ấy muốn có một cái. => Đáp án là fridge

Xem full giải thích
7
School
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem apartment sẽ gần chỗ nào (Preferred location: near a .....)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Now, how about location?''

Do người phụ nữ không biết nên agent suggest là ''Well, you mentioned you have a boy - I imagine you'd like to be fairly close to a school.'' Và cô ấy nói là ''Good idea. That would help.''

=> Cô ấy muốn apartment gần trường để tiện cho con đi học. => Đáp án là school



Tiếp theo họ có bàn về public transport, ''What's public transport like in Fairfield?'' nhưng do chúng có rất nhiều nên đây không phải là một vấn đề, ''The bus service is pretty comprehensive ...''

Xem full giải thích
8
950/£950
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết mức giá cho thuê cao nhất mà cô ấy có thể trả (Maximum rent: .... per month)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''what sort of rent should we expect to pay?''

Đầu tiên, agent đưa ra range giá, ''prices start from around £730 per month, and - depending on the area - can go up to £1,200.''

=> Mức giá tối đa là £1,200

Tuy nhiên mức giá này quá caocô ấy muốn giá thấp hơn, do đó agent suggest mức giá mới, ''So, would your limit be, say, £950?'' Người phụ nữ trả lời "I'd say so, yes"

Xem full giải thích
9
Quiet
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về một yêu cầu khác của cô ấy (Other requests: the accommodation has to be.... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''But I do have one more request, please.''

Theo cô ấy, ''so what I really need from any apartment is for it to be quiet - so I can catch up on sleep if necessary during the day.''

=> Cô ấy cần căn hộ yên tĩnh vào ban ngày để cô ấy có thể ngủ, cô ấy sẽ làm việc chủ yếu vào ban đêm. => Đáp án là quiet



Xem full giải thích
10
Friend
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Cuối cùng, mình cần biết cô ấy biết tới đại lý này qua đâu (How did you first hear about us? Through a ..... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Um, can I just ask - how did you hear about us?''



Đầu tiên agent nói là ''Obviously not from our commercials if you're living in the UK.''

=> Loại commercial

Sau đó cô ấy mới bảo là ''Actually, it was a friend of ours.''

Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 15
Complete the sentences below Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORD for each answer.
11
The police officer suggests neighbours give each other their


12
Neighbours should discuss what to do if there’s any kind of


13
It’s a good idea to leave on the


14
Think carefully about where you put any


15
It’s a good idea to buy good-quality


Question 16 - 20
Which crime prevention measures is proposed for each area affected by crime? Choose FIVE answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-G.
List of Findings
A
install lightning
B
have more police officers on patrol
C
remove surrounding vegetation
D
contact local people
E
fix damage quickly
F
change road design
G
use security cameras
16
skate park
17
local primary schools
18
Abbotsford Street
19
shops on Victoria Street
20
supermarket car park

❓ Tapescript section 2

Crime Prevention
00:00
Well, good afternoon. I'm Constable James McDonald, and as you may know, I'm the community police officer for the local area.
That means that - as part of my job - I try to get out in the community as much as possible - talk to the people that live in this neighbourhood - people like yourselves - and make sure there's an effective level of communication between the public and the police - hence the reason for this meeting.
There have been several burglaries in the area in the last few weeks and I'd like to talk about ways you can keep your home and property safe.
So, I'd suggest that a good way to start is by talking to your neighbours and exchanging contact details with them. This'll allow you to get in touch immediately if there's anything suspicious happening next door.
Then, make sure you have a good discussion about the best course of action to take in case of emergency - make sure everyone is clear about what to do and who to call. If you plan ahead, this'll prevent uncertainty and even panic should anything happen later.
Another thing that I would advise you to do is always leave your radio playing - even when you go out. And if you keep your curtains closed, burglars are less likely to try and break in because they can't be sure whether someone's home or not.
Now, none of us want to be in the situation where we can't get into our own home, but do take time to think where the best and safest place is to leave your spare keys.
Putting them under the door mat or anywhere near the front door is just asking for trouble. You'd be surprised how many people actually do this - and it makes life really easy for burglars.
All these things will help keep your community safe and will cost you nothing. However, if you are going to spend some money, what I'd recommend more than anything else is that you invest in some well-made window locks for your house. This will give you peace of mind.
OK, moving on. Unfortunately, there's been an increase in the number of minor crimes and anti-social behaviour in the general area and I want to talk about some specific prevention measures that are being proposed.
First of all, the skate park. As you probably know, it's well used by younger people in our community but unfortunately we're getting more and more reports of broken glass - making it especially dangerous for younger children.
One possible solution here is to get rid of some of the trees and bushes around the park - making it more visible to passersby and vehicles. If the vandals know they're being watched, this might act as a deterrent.
As you will have heard, a couple of local primary schools have also been vandalised recently - despite the presence of security guards. The schools don't have the funds for video surveillance - so we need people in the neighbourhood to call their nearest police station and report any suspicious activity immediately.
Please don't hesitate to do this. I expect most of you are familiar with the problems facing Abbotsford Street. It seems that no amount of warning signs or speed cameras will slow speeding drivers down.
I'm happy to say, however, that the council have agreed to begin work over the next few months to put in a new roundabout. What else?
Oh, yes. The newsagent and the gift shop on Victoria Street were both broken into last week, and although no money was taken, the properties have suffered some serious damage.
Access was gained to these shops through the small alleyway at the back of the properties - it's dark and as you can imagine, no one saw the thief or thieves in action. So, we've been advising shop owners along there about what kind of video recording equipment they can have put in - we’ll then be able to get evidence of any criminal activity on film.
The supermarket car park is also on our list of problem areas. We've talked to the supermarket managers and council authorities and we've advised them to get graffiti cleaned off immediately and get the smashed lights replaced.
If you don't deal with this sort of thing at once, there's a strong possibility that the activity will increase and spread, and then it becomes ...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
Contact details
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết officer khuyên hàng xóm cho nhau cái gì (The police officer suggests neighbours give each other their .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''So, I'd suggest that a good way to start ...'' (đây là điều đầu tiên mà officer khuyên)

Mình nghe được là ''So, I'd suggest that a good way to start is by talking to your neighbours and exchanging contact details with them.''

=> Officer khuyên hàng xóm cho nhau thông tin liên lạc. => Đáp án là contact details



Xem full giải thích
12
(an) emergency
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đây là điều thứ hai officer khuyên

=> Đáp án sẽ có khi mình nghe thấy từ nối ''then'' (tiếp theo)

Theo officer, ''Then, make sure you have a good discussion about the best course of action to take in case of emergency''

=> Mình nên bàn với nhau về những việc cần làm trong trường hợp khẩn cấp. => Đáp án là emergency



Xem full giải thích
13
Radio
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau đó, mình cần tìm cái gì nên được bật liên tục (It’s a good idea to leave on the .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Another thing that I would advise you to do ...''

Mình nghe được là ''Another thing that I would advise you to do is always leave your radio playing''

=> Mình nên luôn bật radio (leave st playing = leave on) => Đáp án là radio



Xem full giải thích
14
(spare/extra) keys
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ở câu này, mình cần biết nên nghĩ kỹ về việc đặt cái gì (Think carefully about where you put any ...)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau khi người nói chuyển chủ đề, ''Now, none of us want to be in the situation where we can't get into our own home ...''

Sau đó, ''but do take time to think where the best and safest place is to leave your spare keys.''

=> Mình nên dành thời gian để nghĩ về chỗ tốt nhất để đặt chìa khóa dự phòng. => Đáp án là (spare/extra) keys



Xem full giải thích
15
(window) locks
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần biết nên mua cái gì chất lượng tốt (It’s a good idea to buy good-quality ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có khi bạn nghe thấy từ nối ''however''

Theo officer, ''what I'd recommend more than anything else is that you invest in some well-made window locks for your house.''

=> Mình nên đầu tư vào một ổ khóa cửa sổ tốt (well-made = high-quality) => Đáp án là (window) locks



Xem full giải thích
16
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng đầu tiên là skate park

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''First of all, the skate park.''

Đầu tiên officer đưa ra vấn đề, '' ... but unfortunately we're getting more and more reports of broken glass - making it especially dangerous for younger children.'' Sau đó mới nói về solution, ''One possible solution here is to get rid of some of the trees and bushes around the park''

=> Giải pháp là dọn cây cốibụi cây ở quanh công viên (hay nói chung là vegetation, thực vật) => Đáp án là C



Xem full giải thích
17
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng thứ hai là local primary schools

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''As you will have heard, a couple of local primary schools have also been vandalised recently ...''

Đầu tiên, ''The schools don't have the funds for video surveillance''

=> Nhà trường không đủ tiền để mua camera giám sát => Loại đáp án G



Sau đó, ''so we need people in the neighbourhood to call their nearest police station and report any suspicious activity immediately''

Xem full giải thích
18
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Tiếp theo là Abbotsford Street

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''I expect most of you are familiar with the problems facing Abbotsford Street.''

tiên, ''It seems that no amount of warning signs or speed cameras will slow speeding drivers down.''

=> Biển cảnh báo hoặc camera tốc độ không hiệu quả trong việc làm cho người lái xe đi chậm lại => Loại đáp án G



Sau đó, ''I'm happy to say, however, that the council have agreed to begin work over the next few months to put in a new roundabout.'' => Sẽ có một roundabout (vòng xuyến) mới được xây, tức là cách thiết kế đường xá sẽ có sự thay đổi. => Đáp án là F


Xem full giải thích
19
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Tiếp theo là shops on Victoria Street

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The newsagent and the gift shop on Victoria Street were both broken into last week ...''



Officer bàn về vấn đề trước, '' ... it's dark and as you can imagine, no one saw the thief or thieves in action.''



Rồi đưa ra giải pháp là ''So, we've been advising shop owners along there about what kind of video recording equipment they can have put in''

=> Shop owners nên lắp đặt thiết bị quay video (hay đơn giản là camera an ninh) => Đáp án là G



Xem full giải thích
20
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Cuối cùng là supermarket car park

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The supermarket car park is also on our list of problem areas.''

Officer khuyên là ''we've advised them to get graffiti cleaned off immediately and get the smashed lights replaced.''

=> Giải pháp là lau sạch graffitisửa những bóng đèn bị đập vỡ, hay nói ngắn gọn là sửa chữa thiệt hại. => Đáp án là E



Xem full giải thích

Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 26
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
Mike suggests they begin their presentation by
A
explaining what kind of harm is caused by fossil fuels.
B
pointing out that biofuels were in use before fossil fuels.
C
ensuring students know the difference between fossil fuels and biofuels.
22
Karina doesn't want to discuss the production of ethanol because
A
other students will already be familiar with the process.
B
there will not be time to cover more important information.
C
they may not provide an accurate description.
23
Which source of biofuel do the students agree is least environmentally friendly?
A
sugar cane
B
corn
C
canola
24
What is the main problem facing the development of the biofuels industry in the USA?
A
inadequate infrastructure for transporting ethanol
B
not enough farmers growing biofuel crops
C
little government support of biofuel development
25
Karina doubts that sugar cane production in Brazil will
A
lead to the loss of wildlife habitats.
B
create a large number of jobs in the biofuel sector.
C
continue to provide enough energy for the country's needs.
26
Karina and Mike conclude that in order to increase the use of biofuels
A
the price of fossil fuels must go up.
B
more machinery must be adapted to use them.
C
production methods must be more energy-efficient.
Question 27 - 30
Answer the questions below. 
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
What TWO biofuel-related problems do Mike and Karina decide to focus on in the last section of their presentation?
27

28


Which TWO sources of biofuel do Mike and Karina say are being tried out?
29

• algae
30


❓ Tapescript section 3

Presentation On The Problems And Potential Of Biofuels
00:00
Karina:
Hi, Mike. How's it going?
Mike:
Actually, I was up last night with an assignment so - yeah, I'm tired, but I guess we'd better sort this presentation out.
Karina:
Well, we've done enough background reading, but I think we need to organise exactly what we're going to say about biofuels during the presentation, and the order.
Mike:
I thought we could start by asking our audience what car engines were first designed to run on - fossil fuels or biofuels.
Karina:
Nice idea.
Mike:
Yes, when most people think about cars and fuel, they think about all the carbon dioxide that's produced, but they don't realise that that wasn't always the case.
Karina:
You're probably right. The earliest car engines ran on fuel made from corn and peanut oil, didn't they?
Mike:
Yes. The manufacturers used the corn and peanut oil and turned them into a kind of very pure alcohol.
Karina:
You mean ethanol?
Mike:
Yes. In fact, most biofuels are still based on ethanol. Actually, I've got some notes here about the process of turning plant-matter into ethanol - the chemical reactions and the fermentation stages and...
Karina:
It's interesting - the other students would appreciate it, but different biofuels use different processes and if we give a general description, there's a risk we'll get it wrong, and then the tutor might mark us down. I'd rather we focus on the environmental issues.
Mike:
Fair enough. So, um - the main plants that are used for biofuel production now are sugar cane, corn...
Karina:
And canola. Of all of them, canola is probably the least harmful because machines that use it don't produce as much carbon monoxide.
Mike:
Sugar cane seems to be controversial. It doesn’t require as much fertilizer as corn does to grow, but when they burn the sugar cane fields, that releases loads of greenhouse gases.
Karina:
Yes, but some critics have suggested that the production of corn ethanol uses up more fossil fuel energy than the biofuel energy it eventually produces. For that reason. I'd say it was more harmful to the environment.
Mike:
I see what you mean. You're probably right. It's interesting how everyone saw the biofuel industry as the answer to our energy problems, but in some ways, biofuels have created new problems.
Karina:
Well, in the USA. I wouldn't say that farmers are having problems - the biofuel industry for them has turned out to be really profitable.
Mike:
I think, though, that even in the USA, ethanol is still only used as an additive to gasoline, or petrol. The problem is that it still has to be transported by trucks or rail because they haven't built any pipelines to move it. Once they do. it'll be cheaper and the industry might move forward.
Karina:
That'll have to happen one day. At least the government are in favour of biofuel development
Mike:
Yes. But Brazil's probably in the lead as far as biofuels are concerned - they've got to the point where they don't need to import any oil now.
Karina:
Which is great, and the industry in Brazil employs a huge number of people, but is it sustainable? I mean, as the population grows, and there are more vehicles on the roads and there's more machinery, surely they can't depend so much on sugar cane?
Karina:
At some point, there has to be a limit on how much land can be used for sugar cane production - certainly if you want to preserve natural habitats and native wildlife.
Mike:
I think that whatever problems Brazil's facing now - the same will be true for any country - you have to weigh up the pros and corns.
Karina:
Well, we probably won't see an increase in biofuel use - I mean, they won't replace fossil fuels until we can find ways to produce them cheaply and quickly and with less cost to the environment.
Mike:
... making sure they require minimal energy to produce.
Karina:
Exactly. And in a way that means they have to cost less than fossil fuels - certainly when you're filling up your car.
Mike:
Yes, and whatever other kind of engines use fossil fuels at the moment.
Karina:
Alright, so in the last section of the presentation, what problems are we focusing on?
Mike:
Well, we've already had a look at different types of pollution in the first section, so we can leave that out, but the biggest issue related to biofuels is that land is now being used to grow biofuels crops - and that's contributing to global hunger.
Karina:
Indeed. It doesn't seem right we're using corn to run cars when people can't afford to buy it to eat. Yes, let's talk about that. The other thing is that in some countries, the way that biofuel crops are grown and harvested still produces a great deal of pollution - really damaging to the atmosphere
Mike:
OK, that's definitely an issue we should look at.
Karina:
Let’s not finish on a negative note, though. Why don’t we talk about the potential new sources of biofuel - so rather than corn and sugar cane - what other plants could be used?
Mike:
Good. Some companies are exploring the possibility of using wood, and seeing how that can be used to make ethanol.
Karina:
Yes, and algae is another possibility. You can grow it in any water and it absorbs pollutants, too.
Mike:
I read that. And grasses. They're another plant that researchers are investigating as a biofuel.
Karina:
And these kind of plants aren’t used as food, which is why …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Đầu tiên, mình cần biết Mike suggest sẽ nói cái gì về biofuel đầu tiên

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''but I think we need to organise exactly what we're going to say about biofuels during the presentation, and the order.'' (Karina muốn họ bàn về thứ tự các phần trong bài thuyết trình))

Mike nói là '' I thought we could start by asking our audience what car engines were first designed to run on - fossil fuels or biofuels.''

=> Mike muốn nói về việc car engines chạy bằng fossil fuels hay biofuels đầu tiên .

Sau đó, khi Karina hỏi ''The earliest car engines ran on fuel made from corn and peanut oil, didn't they?'' thì Mike trả lời là "Yes"

Xem full giải thích
22
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem lý do Karina không muốn discuss về sự sản xuất của ethanol

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''You mean ethanol?''

Đầu tiên Mark nói về quá trình sản xuất ethanol, '' Actually, I've got some notes here about the process of turning plant-matter into ethanol - the chemical reactions and the fermentation stages and... ''
Nhưng theo Karina, '' ... but different biofuels use different processes and if we give a general description, there's a risk we'll get it wrong, and then the tutor might mark us down.''

=> Các loại biofuels thì sẽ có những quá trình sản xuất khác nhau, do đó nếu họ chỉ nói chung chung thì sẽ có thể bị sai và trừ điểm. => Đáp án là C



Xem full giải thích
23
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem loại fuel nào là có hại cho môi trường nhất

Mark và Karina nhắc tới ba đối tượng là sugar cane, corn canola, ''So, um - the main plants that are used for biofuel production now are sugar cane, corn... and canola'' => Mình biết đáp án sẽ tới

Đầu tiên, ''Of all of them, canola is probably the least harmful because machines that use it don't produce as much carbon monoxide.''

=> Canola là cái thân thiện môi trường nhất bởi nó không thải nhiều khí carbon monoxide => Loại đáp án C



Thứ hai, về sugar cane, ''It doesn’t require as much fertilizer as corn does to grow, but when they burn the sugar cane fields, that releases loads of greenhouse gases.''

Xem full giải thích
24
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Ở câu này mình cần biết các vấn đề mà biofuel tạo ra

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''but in some ways, biofuels have created new problems.''

Đầu tiên, Karina nói là ''I wouldn't say that farmers are having problems - the biofuel industry for them has turned out to be really profitable.''

=> Những người nông dân không gặp vấn đề gì, và họ cũng không nhắc là không đủ người nông dân trồng crop => Loại đáp án B



Sau đó Mike nói là ''The problem is that it still has to be transported by trucks or rail because they haven't built any pipelines to move it.''

Xem full giải thích
25
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem Karina nghĩ việc sản xuất sugar cane ở Brazil sẽ dẫn đến điều gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''But Brazil's probably in the lead as far as biofuels are concerned ...''



Theo Karina, ''I mean, as the population grows, and there are more vehicles on the roads and there's more machinery, surely they can't depend so much on sugar cane?''

=> Karina nghĩ rằng khi dân số tăng, sẽ có nhiều máy móc và phương tiện hơn, do đó sẽ không có đủ sugar cane để cung cấp nhiên liệu => Karina hoài nghi về việc sugar cane có đủ cung cấp cho nhu cầu tăng lên của con người => Đáp án là C



Sau đó Karina có nhắc đến wildlife, ''At some point, there has to be a limit on how much land can be used for sugar cane production - certainly if you want to preserve natural habitats and native wildlife.''

Xem full giải thích
26
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cả hai kết luận là cần làm gì để lượng biofuel tăng

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Well, we probably won't see an increase in biofuel use''

Karina giải thích cụ thể hơn là '' I mean, they won't replace fossil fuels until we can find ways to produce them cheaply and quickly and with less cost to the environment.''

=> Mình cần tìm cách sản xuất biofuel rẻ và nhanh hơn và thân thiện với môi trường hơn, hay nói ngắn gọn là sản xuất hiệu quả hơn. => Đáp án là C



Xem full giải thích
27
(global) hunger
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần điền hai vấn đề của biofuel mà họ sẽ nói tới trong phần cuối

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Alright, so in the last section of the presentation, what problems are we focusing on?''

Đầu tiên, ''but the biggest issue related to biofuels is that land is now being used to grow biofuels crops - and that's contributing to global hunger.''

=> Vấn đề đầu tiên là việc đất giờ được dùng để trồng crop cho biofuel chứ không dùng để trồng lương thực, từ đó dẫn đến global hunger. => Đáp án là (global) hunger



Thứ hai, '' The other thing is that in some countries, the way that biofuel crops are grown and harvested still produces a great deal of pollution''

=> Một vấn đề khác là việc trồng biofuel crop đang dẫn đến ô nhiễm. => Đáp án là pollution



Xem full giải thích
28
Pollution
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần điền hai vấn đề của biofuel mà họ sẽ nói tới trong phần cuối

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Alright, so in the last section of the presentation, what problems are we focusing on?''



Đầu tiên, ''but the biggest issue related to biofuels is that land is now being used to grow biofuels crops - and that's contributing to global hunger.''

=> Vấn đề đầu tiên là việc đất giờ được dùng để trồng crop cho biofuel chứ không dùng để trồng lương thực, từ đó dẫn đến global hunger. => Đáp án là (global) hunger



Thứ hai, '' The other thing is that in some countries, the way that biofuel crops are grown and harvested still produces a great deal of pollution''

Xem full giải thích
29
Wood
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Với hai câu cuối, mình cần nghe về các loại nguyên liệu thay thế để làm biofuel

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''so rather than corn and sugar cane - what other plants could be used?''

Đầu tiên, ''Some companies are exploring the possibility of using wood, and seeing how that can be used to make ethanol.''

=> Gỗ đang là một nguyên liệu được nghiên cứu để làm ra ethanol => Đáp án là wood



Thứ hai là algea như đề bài đã cho, ''Yes, and algae is another possibility. You can grow it in any water and it absorbs pollutants, too.''

Xem full giải thích
30
grass(es)
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Với hai câu cuối, mình cần nghe về các loại nguyên liệu thay thế để làm biofuel

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''so rather than corn and sugar cane - what other plants could be used?''





Đầu tiên, ''Some companies are exploring the possibility of using wood, and seeing how that can be used to make ethanol.''

=> Gỗ đang là một nguyên liệu được nghiên cứu để làm ra ethanol => Đáp án là wood

Xem full giải thích

Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 34
Complete the summary below. 
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
The ‘weak-tie’ theory: how friends-of-friends influence us
In 1973, Mark Granovetter claimed that the influence of "weak-ties" can affect the behaviour of populations in the fields of information science, politics and
31
Although friends-of-friends may be unlike us, they have similar enough
32
to have a beneficial effect on our lives. An example of this influence is when we hear about
33
because information about them is provided by weak-ties. Since Granovetter proposed his theory, other studies have shown that weak-tie networks also benefit our
34
.
Question 35 - 40
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Which does the speaker believe are TWO real benefits of online social networking?
A
People can gain higher self-esteem.
B
People can access useful medical information.
C
People can form relationships more quickly.
D
People can improve academic performance.
E
People can be reliably informed about current affairs.
Which TWO problems related to online social networking will increase, according to the speaker?
A
criminal activity
B
poorer grades at school
C
a decline in physical fitness
D
less work done by employees
E
loss of career prospects
Which TWO claims are made by Robin Dunbar about networking sites?
A
They are not helpful for developing certain social skills.
B
They cannot fully reveal a person's real character.
C
They are not a good starting point for building new relationships.
D
They do not encourage people to widen their social circle.
E
They will not retain their popularity with the young generation.

❓ Tapescript section 4

The 'Weak-Tie' Theory: How Friends-Of-Friends Influence Us
00:00
Good morning. Today we're thinking about the way that technology is influencing our social structures and the way we interact with one another.
Humans, as we know, have always lived in groups; without this arrangement, our species would have died out long ago. But now, the way we see and define our group is changing.
I'd like to start by mentioning the research of American sociologist Mark Granovetter in 1973. It was Granovetter who first coined the term 'weak-ties', which he used to refer to people's loose acquaintances - in other words, friends-of- friends.
His research showed that weak-ties had a significant effect on the behaviour and choices of populations - and this influence was something highly important in the fields of information science and politics, and as you can imagine, marketing also.
So, these friends-of-friends, people we might spend time with at social or work gatherings, might not be like us but they can still have a positive influence because we share the same sort of interests.
That's enough to make a connection - and this connection can turn out to be more beneficial than we might suspect. An example of this, an example of how the connection can influence us, is when our weak-ties get in touch and pass on details about jobs they think might be suitable for us.
Well, since Granovetter first came up with this theory, his work has been cited in over 19,000 papers. Some of these studies have looked at how weak-tie networks are useful to us in other ways, and one thing that seems to improve as a result of weak-tie influence is our health.
Today, our number of weak-tie acquaintances has exploded due to the Internet - to the phenomenon of online social networking. This is still a relatively new way of communication - something that has a huge amount of potential – but also, as with any invention, it brings with it a new set of problems.
Let's start with the benefits. Without question, online social networking allows us to pass on the latest news - to be up-to-date with local and global events - and for many, this information comes from sources more trustworthy than local media.
So, this is one clear point in favour of online social networking. I know that it's also being used by students - as a means of increasing their chances of success in the way that lecture notes can be shared and ideas discussed.
I think, personally speaking, that we need some further research before we can definitively say whether it helps or not. There's also been a great increase in the number of networking sites devoted to sharing advice on health issues but there are as yet no studies to prove the reliability of that advice.
Now, what we do have clear evidence for is that people are developing friendships and professional networks in a way that wasn't possible before - the process is faster. I'm not talking about quality here, but simply that they exist.
And it's debatable whether the number of online friends that you have increases your level of self-confidence - that's perhaps an area of research some of you might be interested in following up.
Turning to the problems, there are any number of articles connecting online activity to falling levels of physical fitness - but it's too easy to blame the Internet for our social problems.
The poor grades of school children are also frequently linked to the time spent on social networking sites, but it would be naive to believe there are no other contributing factors.
One real concern, however, is the increase in the amount of fraud. Where for example, people are using the personal data of others, which they've put online, for criminal purposes.
This kind of activity seems likely to continue. And then, certainly for employers, online social networking sites have provided a great time- wasting opportunity-reducing productivity like never before, and I doubt they can put a stop to this habit, no matter what restrictions are in place.
We'll come back to these issues in a minute, but I'd like to say something about the theories of Robin Dunbar -an anthropologist at Oxford University.
Dunbar has found that the human brain has evolved in a way that means we can only give real attention to a particular number of people. 150, apparently.
So, for example, if the number of friends on your online network is greater than that, according to Dunbar, this would imply the relationships are only superficial.
Dunbar is not against online relationships, but he maintains that face-to-face interaction is essential for the initial creation of true friendship and connections.
He's concerned that for young people - if their only experience of forming relationships is online - this doesn't allow them to form the ability or acquire the strategies for maintaining relationships, for example, in situations where negotiation or diplomacy is required, or where it’s essential for …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
Marketing
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Ở câu này mình cần tìm một ngành mà weak-ties ảnh hưởng

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau khi người nói giới thiệu về weak-ties, ''It was Granovetter who first coined the term 'weak-ties', ...''

Mình nghe được là ''and this influence was something highly important in the fields of information science and politics, and as you can imagine, marketing also''

=> Nó ảnh hưởng tới ba ngành là information science, politics và marketing. => Đáp án là marketing



Xem full giải thích
32
Interests
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe friends-of-friends có gì giống nhau để có ảnh hưởng tốt tới mình

Theo người nói, ''So, these friends-of-friends, ...., might not be like us but they can still have a positive influence because we share the same sort of interests.''

=> Bạn của bạn có thể không giống mình nhưng chúng ta vẫn có chung sở thích và mối quan tâm nên vẫn có thể giúp ích cho nhau. => Đáp án là interests



Xem full giải thích
33
Jobs
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ở câu này mình sẽ nghe về một ví dụ

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''An example of this ...''

Theo người nói, ''An example of this, ...., is when our weak-ties get in touch and pass on details about jobs they think might be suitable for us.''

=> Một ví dụ là khi weak-ties cung cấp cho ta thông tin về công việc. => Đáp án là jobs



Xem full giải thích
34
Health
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết kể từ khi Granovetter đưa ra giả thuyết thì điều gì đã được khám phá thêm

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' Well, since Granovetter first came up with this theory, ...''

Mình nghe được là '' ... and one thing that seems to improve as a result of weak-tie influence is our health.''

=> Nghiên cứu cho thấy weak-ties cũng cải thiện sức khỏe của mình nữa. => Đáp án là health



Xem full giải thích
35
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về lợi ích của social networking

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Let's start with the benefits.''



Đầu tiên, ''Without question, online social networking allows us to pass on the latest news - to be up-to-date with local and global events''

=> Mạng xã hội giúp chúng ta cập nhật thông tin về sự kiện trong nước và quốc tế (tức current affairs) và nguồn tin này đáng tin cậy, ''more trustworthy than local media'' => Đáp án là E



Thứ hai, người nói có bàn về academic performance, ''as a means of increasing their chances of success in the way that lecture notes can be shared and ideas discussed.''

Xem full giải thích
36
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về lợi ích của social networking

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Let's start with the benefits.''



Đầu tiên, ''Without question, online social networking allows us to pass on the latest news - to be up-to-date with local and global events''

=> Mạng xã hội giúp chúng ta cập nhật thông tin về sự kiện trong nước và quốc tế (tức current affairs) và nguồn tin này đáng tin cậy, ''more trustworthy than local media'' => Đáp án là E





Xem full giải thích
37
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Tiếp theo, mình cần nghe về các vấn đề

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Turning to the problems, ...''



Đầu tiên, người nói bàn về physical fitness nhưng kết luận là điều này chưa chắc chắn, ''but it's too easy to blame the Internet for our social problems''

=> Ý câu này là có thể có các nguyên nhân sâu xa khác, nhưng chúng ta quá dễ dàng đổ lỗi cho mạng internet => Loại đáp án C



Thứ hai, về việc học ở trường, người nói nhận xét là ''but it would be naive to believe there are no other contributing factors''

Xem full giải thích
38
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Tiếp theo, mình cần nghe về các vấn đề

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Turning to the problems, ...''



Đầu tiên, người nói bàn về physical fitness nhưng kết luận là điều này chưa chắc chắn, ''but it's too easy to blame the Internet for our social problems''

=> Ý câu này là có thể có các nguyên nhân sâu xa khác, nhưng chúng ta quá dễ dàng đổ lỗi cho mạng internet => Loại đáp án C



Thứ hai, về việc học ở trường, người nói nhận xét là ''but it would be naive to believe there are no other contributing factors''

Xem full giải thích
39
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần biết Robert Dunbar nói gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ... but I'd like to say something about the theories of Robin Dunbar -an anthropologist at Oxford University.''



Đầu tiên, ''he maintains that face-to-face interaction is essential for the initial creation of true friendship and connections''

=> Theo Robert, để tạo ra tình bạn và mối quan hệ thật mình cần face-to-face interation, không phải social networks => Đáp án là C



Lo ngại thứ hai của ông ấy là ''this doesn't allow them to form the ability or acquire the strategies for maintaining relationships,''

Xem full giải thích
40
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần biết Robert Dunbar nói gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ... but I'd like to say something about the theories of Robin Dunbar -an anthropologist at Oxford University.''



Đầu tiên, ''he maintains that face-to-face interaction is essential for the initial creation of true friendship and connections''

=> Theo Robert, để tạo ra tình bạn và mối quan hệ thật mình cần face-to-face interation, không phải social networks => Đáp án là C



Lo ngại thứ hai của ông ấy là ''this doesn't allow them to form the ability or acquire the strategies for maintaining relationships,''

Xem full giải thích

Download PDF

Bạn có thể tải bản đẹp của đề và đáp án OCG - Listening Test 6 tại đây