Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 5 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

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Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 5 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the form below. Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
City Transport Lost Property Enquiry
Example
Main item lost: suitcase
Description of main item: black with thin
1
stripes.
Other items:
- a set of
2
keys
- Some documents
- A
3
in a box
- A blue
4

Journey details
Date and time: 2.00-2.30pm on
5

Basic route: caller travelled from the
6
to Highbury.
Mode of travel: caller thinks she left the suitcase in a
7

Personal details
Name: Lisa
8

Address: 15A
9
Rd, Highbury
Phone number
10


❓ Tapescript section 1

City Transport Lost Property Enquiry
00:00
Staff member:
Hello. City Transport Lost Property. How can I help you?
Woman:
Oh, hello. Yes, I'm, er, calling about a suitcase I lost yesterday. I don't suppose I'll get it back but I thought I'd try.
Staff member:
Well, some people do hand lost items in so you might be lucky. Let's put the details into the computer.
Woman:
OK.
Staff member:
Right, so, let's start with a description of the suitcase.
Woman:
OK, well, it's small, and it's the type you can pull along on wheels.
Staff member:
How about the colour?
Woman:
Yes - it's black but not exactly plain black - it has some narrow stripes down it, sort of grey. Actually - no, they're white now I think about it.
Staff member:
OK, I'll just add that information. Now were there any items inside it?
Woman:
Yes. I had a big bunch of keys in there. Luckily my assistant manager has an identical set so she's going out this morning to get some copies made.
Staff member:
So, they're for your office?
Woman:
That's right. My house keys were in my pocket, thank goodness.
Staff member:
Anything else?
Woman:
Um, there were a lot of documents, but they're saved on my laptop anyway, so, er, they don't matter so much. But the thing I'm really worried about - I mean, I haven't even taken it out of the box yet - is a camera I just bought. That's really why I'm calling. I can't believe I’ve lost it already.
Staff member:
I see. Well, let's hope we can find it for you. Was there anything else?
Woman:
I don't think so.
Staff member:
Any credit cards?
Woman:
They were in my handbag. And I had my passport inside my jacket pocket.
Staff member:
Money, clothing, any personal items?
Woman:
Oh, let me think. I had an umbrella. It was black, no blue, but obviously that isn't as important as the other things.
Staff member:
No, but it all helps us identify your property and get it back to you. Anyway, I just need to ask you for some basic details about your journey. So it was yesterday, was it?
Woman:
That's right. In the afternoon - around 2 pm maybe 2.30.
Staff member:
OK. So that'd be May the 13th.
Woman:
Yes. I was heading to Highbury. That's where I live.
Staff member:
All right, and you mentioned a passport. I think. So you were coming from the airport, I presume.
Woman:
Yes - and I was looking forward to getting home so much - and what with being tired and everything - I think that's why I just forgot about the case.
Staff member:
And how were you travelling when you lost your property? I mean, what kind of transport were you using?
Woman:
I thought about getting the train, but that would have meant a bus journey as well, and I couldn't be bothered so I decided to take a taxi eventually. That's where I must have left it.
Staff member:
Well, that's good news in a way. It's more likely that a driver would have found it and handed it in.
Woman:
I hope so.
Staff member:
Well, I need your personal details now. Can I have your full name, please?
Woman:
Yes. It's Lisa Docherty. I'll spell that for you. It's D-O-C-H-E-R-T-Y.
Staff member:
Thank you. And next, if I could have your address - the best address to send you the property if we manage to locate it?
Woman:
Sure. It's number 15A River Road - and that's Highbury, as I said.
Staff member:
Thank you. Just a moment. There’s just one final thing - that’s your phone number.
Woman:
I guess my mobile would be best. Er, hang on. I can never remember my own number. OK, I’ve got it. It’s 07979605437.
Staff member:
Very well. I think that’s everything we need at this end. I’ll have a look at the data on …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
White
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án mình cần là mẫu mã của suitcase (black with thin .... stripes)

=> Mình sẽ biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Right, so, let's start with a description of the suitcase"



Staff hỏi về màu sắc "How about the colour?" Người phụ nữ trả lời "Yes - it's black but not exactly plain black - it has some narrow stripes down it, sort of grey. Actually - no, they 're white now I think about it"

=> Suitcase màu đen nhưng có sọc, lúc đầu người phụ nữ nhớ nhầm là sọc màu xám, nhưng chính xác hơn là màu trắng. => Đáp án là white

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2
Office
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là một bộ chìa khóa gì đó (a set of ... keys)

=> BIết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "I had a a big bunch of keys in there"

Nghe thấy staff hỏi "So, they're for your office?" Người phụ nữ trả lời "That's right"

=> Bộ chìa khóa này là của văn phòng => Đáp án là office



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3
Camera
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem có gì trong cái hộp (a .... in a box)

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "There were a lot of documents ..." (items tới trước)

Mình nghe được là "I mean, I haven't even taken it out of the box yet - is a camera I just bought"

=> Chiếc máy ảnh mới mua vẫn còn ở trong hộp => Đáp án là camera



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4
Umbrella
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án mình cần là một vật gì đó màu xanh (a blue .... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi staff hỏi "money, clothing, any personal items? " (hỏi thêm về các vật dụng khác)



Nghe thấy woman nói "I had an umbrella. It was black, no, blue"

=> Có một cây dù màu xanh => Đáp án là umbrella



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5
13th May/13 May/thirteen May/May 13/May 13th/May thirteen
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần nghe là ngày (Date and time: 2.00-2.30pm on ....)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "So it was yesterday, was it?" (đề cập tới thời gian)

Người phụ nữ nói "That's right. In the afternoon -a round 2 pm maybe 2.30"

Sau đó nghe tiếp thấy staff nói là "That'd be May the 13th"

=> Đáp án là 13th May / May 13th



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6
Airport
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem người phụ nữ này đi từ đâu tới Highbury (Basic route: caller travelled from the .... to Highbury)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "I was heading to Highbury"



Nghe thấy staff nói là "So, you were coming from the airport, I presume." Người phụ nũ xác nhận là "yes"

=> Người phụ nữ đi từ sân bay về nhà ở Highbury => Đáp án là airport



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7
Taxi
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem người phụ nữ làm mất suitcase ở trong phương tiện gì (Mode of travel: caller thinks she left the suitcase in a .....)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "What kind of transport were you using"

Nghe thấy woman nhắc tới train bus , tuy nhiên sau đó nói "I decided to take a taxi eventually. That's where I must have left it"

=> Cuối cùng quyết định đi taxi thay vì các phương tiện khác và có lẽ là để quên trên taxi. => Đáp án là taxi



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8
Docherry
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là tên họ của caller (Name: Lisa ....)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Can I have your full name?"

Nghe thấy woman nói tên đầy đủ là Lisa Docherty, sau đó nói thêm là "I'll spell that for you, it's D-O-C-H-E-R-T-Y"

=> Đáp án là Docherty



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9
River
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần điền tên đường nơi người phụ nữ sống (Address: 15A ..... Rd, Highbury)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "And next, if I could have your address"



Nghe thấy "It's number 15A River Road"

=> Đáp án là River



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10
07979605347
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là số điện thoại (Phone number: ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "There's just one final thing - that's your phone number"



Nghe thấy woman trả lời là "It's 07979605437 "

=> Đáp án là 07979605437



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Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 15
Label the map below. Write the correct letter, A-H, next to questions.
OCG_L5_S2_Tourist infomation center_NoOpt.jpg
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
supermarket
11
climbing supplies store
12
museum
13
bike hire
14
café
15
Question 16 - 20
What comment does the speaker make about each of the following tracks? Write the correct letter, A, B or C, next to questions.
List of Findings
A
It is possible to get lost here.
B
It only offers basic accommodation.
C
It requires physical strength.
16
North Point
17
Silver River
18
Valley Crossing
19
Stonebridge
20
Henderson Ridge

❓ Tapescript section 2

Tourist Infomation Center
00:00
Welcome to everyone here. I hope you enjoy your stay in our village and enjoy the local scenery. I’ll tell you a bit about the forest and mountain tracks in a minute, but first. I’ll just give you an idea of where everything is in the village.
So, we’re here in the tourist information centre, and when you come out of the centre, you're on Willow Lane, just opposite the pond. If you want to get to the supermarket for your supplies of food and water, go right, that's the quickest way, and then turn right at the top of Willow Lane, and it's the second building you come to opposite the old railway station.
If you're planning on doing some serious climbing and you need some equipment, we do have an excellent climbing supplies store just five minutes' walk away. Turn left once you're outside the tourist information centre, take Willow Lane all the way up to Pine Street - you want to go left along here - then keep walking and go past Mountain Road on your right, until you come to the next turning on the left - head down there, and you'll come to the climbing supplies store.
If you get to the small building that sells ski passes, you'll know you've gone too far. You also need to head to Pine Street for the museum - it's small but well worth a visit if you're interested in the history of the village and the old gold mining industry.
So, when you reach Pine Street from here, you'll see the old railway line on the other side of the road - turn left into Pine Street, and keep going until you come to Mountain Road, and just up here, the museum will be on your left, just behind the railway line. Don't worry about crossing over the tracks. The trains stopped running through here in 1985. If you're planning on following one of the easier forest walks, you might like to hire a bicycle.
To get to the hire shop, again you need to head to Pine Street. On the left-hand side of Pine Street, you'll see the Town Hall, go down the little road that you come to just before it, and you'll find the bike hire shop just behind the hall. They have a good range of bikes so I'm sure you'll find something that suits your needs.
Last but not least, if you're hungry after a long day's trek I can recommend our local café. Again, when you leave the tourist information centre, turn right and follow Willow Lane until it joins Pine Street - and right opposite - on the far side of the railway tracks - is the café.
OK, let me tell you a little bit about the different tracks we have here. All of them start at the end of Mountain Road - and you'll find a parking lot there where you can leave your vehicles. Let's start with North Point track. It's a gentle route through lowland forest - good for biking and probably the one for you if you have small children.
There's a wooden hut where you can stay at the end of the track but be aware that it's really just an overnight shelter and you'll need to take your own sleeping bags and cooking equipment. Another option is the Silver River track. As the name suggests, you'd be following the river for most of the way, and you get to see some of our beautiful native birds, but the track also goes through a densely forested area.
Unfortunately, the signposting isn't very good in places and you do need good map-reading skills to avoid becoming disoriented, which happens to visitors a little too frequently, I'm afraid. Valley Crossing will take you through some stunning scenery but there are several points along the way where you'll need the level of fitness required to get over some pretty big rocks.
Stonebridge is one of the shorter tracks, but very steep as it takes you up to the waterfall, and you do need to be in good condition to manage it. Lastly, the Henderson Ridge track will take you all the way to the summit of the mountain.
Do bear in mind, though, that at this time of year the weather is very changeable and if the cloud suddenly descends, it’s all too easy to wander off the track. It’s best to check with us for a weather report on the morning you think you want to go. On the way to the summit, there’s a hotel which provides comfortable rooms and quality meals, so it’s worth climbing all …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
G
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần tìm vị trí của supermarket

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "If you want to get to the supermarket ...."

Mình nghe được "....go right, that's the quickest way, and then turn right at the top of Willow Lake, and it's the second building you come to opposite the old raliway station"

=> Từ Willow Lane đi về bên phải, sau đó rẽ phải lần nữa tại Willow Lake, siêu thị là tòa nhà thứ hai mình gặp, đối diện với old railway station enter

=> Đáp án là G



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12
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết vị trí của climbing supplies store

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "we do have an excellent climbing supplies store just five minutes' walk away"

1) Nghe thấy "turn left once you're outside the tourist information centre, take Willow Lane all the way up to Pine Street"

=> Từ tourist information center đi ra rẽ trái, đi hết Willow Lane tới Pine Street

2) Nghe tiếp thấy "keep walking and go past Mountain Road on your right, until you come to the next turning on the left - head down there, and you'll come to the climbing supplies store"

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13
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần điền vị trí của museum

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "You also need to head to Pine Street for the museum..."

1) Nghe thấy "when you reach Pine Street from here, [...] turn left into Pine Street, and keep going until you come to Mountain Road"

=> đi từ center tới Pine Street, tới Pine Street rồi thì rẽ trái đi cho tới khi gặp Mountain Road

2) Tới đây thì "The museum will be on your left"

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14
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm vị trí của bike hire

Đáp án sẽ tới sau ".... you might like to hire a bicycle" 1) Nghe thấy "you need to head to Pine Street"

=> cần đi tới Pine Street từ center

2) Sau đó thì on the left-hand side of Pine Street, you'll see the Town Hall, go down the little road that you come to just before it

=> Bên tay trái của Pine Street, rẽ vào con đường nhỏ ngay trước khi tới Town Hall

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15
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm vị trí của local cafe

Đáp án sẽ tới sau "... I can recommend our local cafe"

1) Nghe thấy when you leave the tourist information centre, turn right and follow Willow Lane until it joins Pine Street

=> rẽ phải từ center, đi Willow Lane cho tới Pine Street

2) Sau đó thì "right opposite - on the far side of the railway tracks - is the cafe"

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16
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng là North Point

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Let's start with North Point track"

Nghe thấy "It's a gentle route through lowland forest"

=> Đường đi êm ái qua vùng trũng trong rừng ( không yêu cầu sức khỏe tốt) => Loại đáp án C



Nghe tiếp thấy "there's a wooden hut where you can stay [...] but be aware that it's really just an overnight shelter and you'll need to take your own sleeping bags"

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17
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng là Silver River track

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Another option is the Silver River track"

Nghe thấy ",,,,you do need good map-reading skills to avoid being disoriented...."

=> Cần có kỹ năng đọc bản đồ tốt để tránh bị mất phương hướng ( đường này dễ bị lạc) => Đáp án là A



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18
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng là Vally Crossing

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Valley Crossing will take you through some stunning scenery ...."



Nghe thấy "There are several points along the way where you'll need the level of fitness required to get over some pretty big rocks"

=> Có vài điểm cần phải có thể lực tốt để vượt qua các tảng đá lớn => Đáp án là C



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19
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng là StoneBridge

Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Stonebridge is one of the shorter trackes"

Nghe thấy "You do need to be in good condition to manage it "

=> Cần phải có sức khỏe tốt để đi được đường này => Đáp án là C



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20
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng là Henderson Ridge

Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Lastly, the Henderson Ridge track will take you all the way to the summit of the mountain"



Nghe thấy "....if the cloud suddenly descends, it's all too easy to wander off the track"

=> Nếu mây hạ xuống một cách bất ngờ thì rất dễ bị đi lạc ra khỏi lộ trình (có khả năng đi lạc) => Đáp án là A

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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 25
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
Why has James chosen to do a case study on the company Furniture Rossi?
A
It has enjoyed global success.
B
It is still in a developmental phase
C
It is an example of a foregin company being rebranded for Australia.
22
According to James, why did Luca Rossi start a furniture company?
A
Furniture-making was already a family occupation.
B
Rossi saw a need for hand-crafted furniture.
C
The work Rossi had done previously was underwarding.
23
What gave Furniture Rossi a competitive advantage over other furniture companies?
A
Its staff.
B
Its lower prices.
C
Its locally sourced products.
24
What does the tutor recommend James does when writing the second draft of his case study?
A
provide more detailed references
B
check for written accuracy
C
add his own views
25
What do the tutor and James agree was wrong with James’ last presentation?
A
It was too short.
B
It focused too much on statistics.
C
There was not enough interaction with the audience.
Question 26 - 30
Drag your answers in the option list into the boxes
OCG_L5_S3_History of Furniture Rossi_NoOpt.png
26
27
28
29
30
A
website
B
locations
C
designs
D
TV advertising campaigns
E
quality
F
values
G
software programs

❓ Tapescript section 3

History Of Furniture Rossi
00:00
Tutor:
Well James, I've had a look over your case study and for a first draft, it looks promising
James:
I have to be honest, when you told us we had to write about a furniture company, it didn't sound like the kind of thing that would interest me, but since then. I've changed my mind .
Tutor:
Why's that?
James:
Well, as you know. Furniture Rossi is an Australian company, still comparatively small compared to some of the high street stores, but it's got plans to expand into foreign markets. So I choose it for that reason. It's going through a transition - it's a family-run business aiming to build a global brand.
Tutor:
All right, and you've made that clear in your writing. One thing, though, that I think you've overlooked is why Luca Rossi started a furniture company here in Australia in the first place.
James:
Well, he'd just got an arts degree, hadn't he? And people were trying to talk him into an academic profession but he wanted a practical job - something he thought would be more satisfying in the long run. His grandfather had been a craftsman. He'd made furniture in Italy and he'd passed this skill on to Luca's father, and well, Luca thought he'd like to continue the tradition.
Tutor:
Yes, that was the motivation behind his decision. And what was it, do you think that gave Furniture Rossi a competitive edge over other furniture companies?
James:
I wouldn't think it was price. It's always been at the higher end of the market, but according to my research, it was to do with the attitude of the employees - they were really focused on giving good customer service.
Tutor:
Yes, Luca Rossi insisted on that. Their promotional campaigns also emphasised the fact that the wood only came from Australian forests, but that was the case with their rivals, too, so it wouldn't have made them stand out. OK, we'll have a careful look at the content of your case study in a minute, but I just want to make a general comment first, before you start writing your second draft.
James:
OK
Tutor:
Yes, what I'd like to see more of is your opinion, a bit more critical thinking, rather than the bare facts. But it's good to see you've been careful with your referencing this time.
James:
Thanks. And I read and re-read my work so I’m pretty sure there aren’t any errors with the language.
Tutor:
Yes, it’s fine. Oh, but there’s one other thing I could probably mention at this point.
James:
Yes?
Tutor:
Well, at the end of term, you'll also be giving a presentation - also on Furniture Rossi.
James:
Yes, I haven't given it much thought yet.
Tutor:
Understandably. But, while you're writing the case study, I'd recommend you think about what kind of information would be suitable to use in your presentation Remember - the last time you gave a presentation on a company, you spent a considerable part of the time providing the audience with financial data, but they probably needed to hear more about company strategy.
James:
Yes, I did concentrate rather too much on the figures. I'll make sure there's a balance this time.
Tutor:
Good .
Tutor:
OK, so let's just think about the content of your case study - the history of Furniture Rossi. I see here in paragraph four you're talking about how Luca Rossi raised the capital for his new business venture - and then you're talking about the customer base growing much wider - but what was it that prompted this growth?
James:
Well, that was to do with the quality of the furniture products that the company was selling. People loved that it was all hand-made and would last.
Tutor:
And because demand from customers kept growing?
James:
Well, then Rossi needed to take on more craftsmen so they could make sure the orders were ready on time, and then, he also had to set up two new warehouses to make distribution quicker.
Tutor:
Yes. And from there, the company really grew. But think what happened next. They started looking at ways to increase their profits and called in a consultant. And what he saw immediately was that the infrastructure was completely outdated - they were paying three full-time admin staff just for data-entry. So he recommended they upgrade their software programs and that, in turn, cut operational costs and just speeded everything up.
James:
I'm surprised they didn't get on to that earlier, but I suppose Luca Rossi was more interested in the design aspect, rather than the finance side of things.
Tutor:
Yes, I imagine that's why he eventually turned the day- to-day running of the company over to his son. And in fact, it was the son, Marco, who persuaded his father to move on from traditional television advertising and go online instead.
James:
I guess that's the best way to reach people.
Tutor:
It can be, but initially, customers actually complained.
James:
Why?
Tutor:
Well, some users found it hard to navigate their way around the website - so they were getting frustrated and giving up. So then the company called in a professional to improve it.
James:
I see. He must have done a good job. They've had a continuous three-year rise in revenue - so things must be going well.
Tutor:
Indeed. And what of the future?
James:
Well, I probably need to talk about this a bit more in the concluding paragraphs, don't 1? Consumers are already aware of the quality of the furniture, that's for sure, but I think the company is aiming to publicise their values – the fact that they have respect for beauty, durability and functionality, and the environment. A lot of companies are already …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem tại sao James làm case study đối với công ty Furniture Rossi

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Well, as you know, Furniture Rossi..."

Nghe thấy "Furniture Rossi is an Australian company"

=> Furniture Rossi là công ty Úc, không phải là công ty nước ngoài rebranded => Loại đáp án C



Nghe tiếp thấy "....it's got plans to expand into foreign markets. So I choose it for that reason."

Xem full giải thích
22
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem tại sao Luca Rossi thành lập công ty nội thất

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "..... why Luca Rossi started a furniture company here in Australia in the first place"

Nghe thấy " And people were trying to talk him into an academic profession but he wanted a practical job, something he thought would be more satisfying"

=> Mọi người muốn Luca có một công việc mang tính học thuật nhưng anh ấy thích làm nghề mang tính thiết thực vì nó thỏa mãn hơn => Luca chưa hề làm công việc học thuật hay công việc nào không gây thỏa mãn trước khi thành lập công ty (đó chỉ là ý kiến của người khác) => Loại đáp án C



Nghe tiếp thấy "His grandfather had been a craftsman [...] and well, Luca thought he'd like to continue the tradition

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23
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem điều gì cho Furniture Rossi lợi thế cạnh tranh

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe ".... do you think that gave Rossi a competive edge...." (= competitive advantage)

Nghe thấy James trả lời "I wouldn't think it was price, it's always been at the higher end of the market"

=> Không phải là giá sản phẩm do giá của công ty thường nằm trong khoảng cao nhất của thị trường => Loại đáp án B



Nghe tiếp thấy "...it was to do with the attitude of the employees, they were really focused on giving good customer service"

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24
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem recommend James cái gì khi anh ấy viết second draft

Đáp án sẽ tới sau "... before you start writing your second draft

Nghe thấy tutor nói "What I'd like to see more of is your opinion"

=> Muốn James đưa thêm ý kiến riêng của mình => Đáp án là C



Nghe tiếp thấy "But it's good to see you've been careful with your referencing this time"

Xem full giải thích
25
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem bài thuyết trình lần trước của James mắc lỗi gì

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "....you also be giving a presentation"

Nghe thấy tutor nói "....the last time you gave a presentation on a company, you spent a considerable part of the time providing the audience with financial data, but they probably needed to hear more about company strategy"

=> Lần thuyết trình trước thì dành nhiều thời gian quá vào phần số liệu tài chính trong khi khán giả muốn nghe về phần chiến lược của công ty => Quá tập trung vào số liệu => Đáp án là B



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26
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án mình cần là điều gì của sản phẩm dẫn tới wider customer base (The product .... led to wider customer base)

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "....the history of Furniture Rossi"



Tutor nói James đề cập tới customer base growing nên hỏi "but what was it that prompted this growth?" ( điều gì dẫn tới sự phát triển về số lượng khách hàng)



James trả lời "Well, that was to do with the quality of the furniture products"

=> Nhờ vào chất lượng của sản phẩm => Đáp án là E



Xem full giải thích
27
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem nhu cầu khách hàng lớn hơn dẫn tới điều gì (Greater customer demand meant other .... were needed)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "And because demand from customers kept growing?"



Nghe thấy James giải thích "He also had to set up two new warehouses to make distribution quicker"

=> Phải lập 2 nhà kho mới để hỗ trợ việc phân phối hàng hóa

=> Tức là cần phải sử dụng các địa điểm khác để hỗ trợ

Xem full giải thích
28
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem điều gì làm tăng lợi nhuận (Better .... increased overall profitability)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "They started looking at ways to increase their profits ..."



Nghe thấy "He recommended they upgrade their software programs and that, in turn, cut operational costs"

=> Nâng cấp hệ thống phần mềm dẫn tới việc giảm chi phí điều hành => Lợi nhuận cao hơn => Đáp án là G



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29
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem customer complaints đã dẫn tới sự thay đổi gì (Changes to the .... were brought on by customer complaints)

Đáp án tới sau "It can be, but initially, customers actually complained"



Nghe thấy "some users found it hard to navigate their way around the website"

=> Một vài người dùng cảm thấy việc sử dụng website khó khăn



Sau đó nghe tiếp thấy "So the company called in a professional to improve it"

Xem full giải thích
30
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem Furniture Rossi muốn mọi người nhận thấy gì (Furniture Rossi wants to make people more aware of its .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Consumers are already aware of ...."



Nghe thấy ".... the company is aiming to publicise their values"

=> Công ty muốn công bố các giá trị (values) của họ một cách công khai, để người tiêu dùng biết rõ hơn

=> Đáp án là F



Xem full giải thích

Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 36
Complete the notes below. Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Rock art
Why rock art is important to researchers
It provides evidence about
- evolution
-
31

Global similarities in rock art
- humans often had large
32
.
- animals were common, but a
33
was always drawn from the side or from above.
- unlikely that contact through
34
resulted in similar artistic styles.
Why our ancestors produced rock art
Research suggests rock art was produced
- firstly for reasons of
35
.
- later for social, spiritual and
36
reasons.
Question 37 - 40
Answer the questions below. Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
What TWO images drawn by Aboriginal people show their contact with Europeans?
37

38

Which human activities does the lecturer say are the main threats to Aboriginal rock art?
39

• vandalism
40


❓ Tapescript section 4

Rock Art
00:00
Hello everyone and welcome. As part of this series of lectures on the development of early humans, today we are looking at rock art: the paintings and drawings produced by prehistoric peoples as they spread across the continents.
If you've been lucky enough to look at a piece of rock art close up, you'll know it's an experience that makes you wonder about the passage of time and our own history. But rock art also has a practical value for researchers and let's start by considering why that is.
Firstly it provides vital information about the way that people evolved - information not always easily obtainable from excavated artefacts alone. Secondly, rock art tells us about migration: where people came from and where, perhaps, they went next.
Rock art is found all over the world and this in itself is not surprising. But what is rather amazing, you might think, is how similar some images are, whether you're looking at a rock face in South Africa or standing inside a cave in Spain.
Let me give you an example. When our ancestors drew humans, they would often draw them as stick figures, but if they drew a face, then the eyes were almost always very prominent - very open and wide. And of course, animals are very common in rock art, but one animal which is very interesting to researchers is the lizard, because whenever you see a prehistoric painting of one - it's depicted either in profile or looking down on it from above.
And these drawings are produced by people of totally different cultural backgrounds. Amazing. But how can this be the case - that similar artistic styles exist in such distant locations? In the past archaeologists believed that trade must have brought people together, and that it gave them the opportunity to observe each other's culture, including art styles, but this didn't prove to be the case
Recently researchers have come up with a new theory. They believe that the brains of our ancestors evolved to notice certain images before others and this was important - actually essential because in an environment full of constant danger, it was necessary for survival. So the need to quickly recognise things that could be helpful or harmful could have had a great influence on rock art and explain why some images are more common across cultures than others.
Later on, there would have been other reasons why communities produced art - certainly for spiritual and social purposes and no doubt for political ones, too, as different tribes looked for allies and struggled against their enemies.
Well, as I said before, you can find rock art all over the world, but I'd like to focus now on the rock art of the Aboriginal people of Australia. The images that survive in this part of the world span at least 20,000 years. In fact, the Aborigines were still practising this art form in the late 18th century, when the Europeans began to arrive, and certain images point to the contact between them.
For example, the Aborigines began to draw ships which they would have seen along the coast - it's hard for us to imagine what they must have thought when these first began to appear. Another image that is evidence of European arrival is that of horses; an animal that would have been very alien to the Australian landscape.
Um, it isn't actually known how many sites there are across Australia where rock art can be found - but unfortunately we do know that much of the art is being lost to us. Erosion, of course, is one of the key reasons for its destruction, but human activity is also increasingly responsible.
Since the 1960s, industry alone has destroyed around an estimated 10,000 pieces of art. At this rate, in 50 years, half of all Australian rock art could have disappeared for good. Vandalism is sadly another factor. And although most people, I believe, would wish to preserve this art, I'm afraid that tourism is another reason why the art is disappearing. In some cases, the art is damaged when...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
migration
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem rock art cung cấp bằng chứng về điều gì

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "rock art has a practical value for reasearchers" (có giá trị thực tiễn = bằng chứng)

Nghe thấy "Secondly, rock art tells us about migration"

=> Rock art cho chúng ta biết thêm về sự di cư => Đáp án là migration



Xem full giải thích
32
eyes
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết con người thường có cái gì lớn (humans often had large .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "When our ancestors drew humans" (đề cập tới con người qua rock art)

Nghe thấy "but if they drew a face, then the eyes were almost always very prominent, very open and wide"

=> Hầu như lúc nào mắt cũng được vẽ rất lớn => Đáp án là eyes



Xem full giải thích
33
lizard
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần điền được một loại động vật nào đó

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "An of course, animals are very common in rock art"

Nghe thấy ".... but one animal which is very interesting to researchers is the lizard because whenever you see a prehistoric painting of one - it's depicted either in profile or looking down on it from above"

=> Các hình vẽ thằn lằn khiến các nhà nghiên cứu thấy thú vị do thằn lằn lúc nào cũng được vẽ theo hướng nhìn từ một bên hoặc nhìn từ trên xuống => Đáp án là lizard



Xem full giải thích
34
trade
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm xem điều gì dẫn tới sự tương đồng trong phong cách nghệ thuật

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "But how can this be the case - that simiiar artistic styles exist in such distant locations?"

Nghe thấy "In the past archaeologists believed that trade must have brought people together, [...] but this didn't prove to be the case

=> Trước đây các nhà khảo cổ học cho rằng các hoạt động thương mại (trade) khiến cho mọi người tiếp xúc với nhau nhiều hơn => Dẫn tới sự trao đổi văn hóa và cách vẽ giống nhau, tuy nhiên điều này không đúng => Đáp án là trade



Xem full giải thích
35
survival
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem lý do đầu tiên mà rock art được sử dụng là gì

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Recently researchers have come up with a new theory" (giả thiết mới để giải thích tại sao tổ tiên loài người tạo ra rock art)

Nghe thấy "the brains of our ancestors evolved to notice certain images before others" và lý do là "it was necessary for survival"

=> Não bắt đầu tiến hóa để có khả năng nhận biết một số hình ảnh nhanh hơn, vì mục đích sinh tồn



Sau đó nghe được "So the need to quickly recognise things that could be helpful or harmful could have had a great influence on rock art"

Xem full giải thích
36
political
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem lúc sau người ta dùng rock art cho lý do gì ( later for social, spiritual and .... reasons)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Later on, there would have been other reasons"



Nghe thấy speaker nhắc tới "certainly forr spiritual and social purposes and no doubt for political ones, too"

=> Rock art được tạo ra cũng vì lý do chính trị => Đáp án là political



Xem full giải thích
37
Ships
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

- Loại từ cần điền: noun - Nghe tới Aborigines Europeans >> biết đáp án sắp tới - Nghe thấy certain images point to the contact between them >> một và hình vẽ cho thấy sự tiếp xúc giữa 2 nhóm người này với nhau >> cần nghe thêm xem đó là hình vẽ gì - Nghe tiếp thấy the Aborigines began to draw ships which they should have seen along the coast >> người thổ dân vẽ hình tàu mà họ nhìn thấy ngoài đường bờ biển >> đáp án là ships

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38
horses
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

- Loại từ cần điền: noun - Nghe tới another image that is evidence of European arrival >> một hình vẽ nữa cho thấy sự có mặt của người châu Âu >> biết đáp án sắp tới - Nghe thấy nhắc tới horses và giải thích là an animal that would have been very alien to the Australian landscape >> ngựa lúc đó là một loài động vật xa lạ đối với châu Úc lúc bấy giờ >> người châu Âu mang ngựa tới >> đáp án là horses

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39
Industry
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

- Loại từ cần điền: noun - Nghe tới human activity >> biết đáp án sắp tới - Nghe thấy industry alone has destroyed around an estimated 10000 pieces of art >> ngành công nghiệp và các hoạt động công nghiệp đã phá hủy số lượng lớn các hình vẽ >> đáp án là industry

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40
tourism
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

- Loại từ cần điền: noun - Nghe nhắc tới vandalism is sadly another factor >> chuẩn bị chuyển sang ý cuối cùng >> biết đáp án sắp tới - Nghe thấy I'm afraid that tourism is another reason why the art is disappearing >> hoạt động du lịch là một lý do nữa dẫn tới việc các hình vẽ đang biến mất >> đáp án là tourism

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