Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 4 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 4 được lấy từ cuốn sách Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 4 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 6
Complete the table below. Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Community Centre Evening Classes
Question 7 - 10
Complete the sentences below. Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
7
The watercolours class suits people who are
.
8
 To find out about the Maori language class, contact Jason
.
9
For the photography class, check the
for the camera.
10
There is a trip to a local
in the final week of photography class. 

❓ Tapescript section 1

Community Center Evening Classes
00:00
Woman:
Hello. Eastwood Community Centre.
Man:
Oh, hello. My name's Andrew Dyson. I'm calling about the evening classes you offer.
Woman:
OK, Mr Dyson, are there any classes in particular that you're interested in?
Man:
Yes, you've got a class called 'Painting with watercolours, I believe.
Woman:
That's right. It's a popular class so this term it'll be moving to the hall, so they've got more room.
Man:
Right, I know it's on Tuesdays but what time exactly?
Woman:
It was 6.30 last term, but let me just have a look at the details. OK, it'll be 7.30 this time, probably it suits more people.
Man:
Well, it's my wife who's really interested and that'll be good for her because she's home from work by 7.15 - that'll give her just enough time to get there. Um, what does she need to bring?
Woman:
OK, well paints are provided by the tutor, I know that. Um the information says she'll need just a jar for water and some pencils for drawing. There are also lots of aprons here, so she needn't worry what she's wearing. And the cost for four classes is £45, including paints, as I said.
Man:
OK, now we're both quite keen on the Maori language class.
Woman:
There are spaces on the next course, so you could join that.
Man:
Oh, good. Which room will that be in?
Woman:
When you come in through the entrance of the community centre building, you'll need to go straight up the stairs in front of you, all the way to the top. And it's the small room you'll find there.
Man:
I see. All right, and let me just check when it's starting. I heard from someone that the July course has been delayed until August.
Woman:
I'm afraid so. And we're halfway through the June course at the moment so there's not much point you taking that.
Man:
I guess we'll have to wait then.
Woman:
Well, when you do come, the tutor recommends bringing a small recorder with you just so you can listen again later, and er the cost for five classes is currently £40.
Man:
OK, useful information to know. Um, there's one more class I'm interested in - that's the digital photography class.
Woman:
Oh, I've taken that class myself. The tutor's very good. That'll be in room 9 and it's starting in two weeks time - in the evening - every Wednesday at 6 o'clock.
Man:
Um, obviously I need to bring the camera with me. I suppose it'd be useful to have the instructions that go with the camera, too.
Woman:
I'd say so. Um, some people bring along a lot of accessories like extra lenses, but there's really no need for this class. It's mainly focusing on composition really, and getting the most out of the basic camera.
Man:
That's exactly what I need. And how much does it cost?
Woman:
Let's see. For four dasses, it's £35, but if you take eight, it works out as £55, so you're making a bit of a saving - £15 that is.
Man:
I see
Man:
OK, now just another question for the watercolours class; I've just remembered that my wife asked me to find out about the level - who's it for?
Woman:
OK, well you don't have to be very skilled or anything like that. It's designed for beginners, actually. People who might see art as a hobby rather than as a professional opportunity.
Man:
That sounds like my wife. And er, who do I talk to if I want to find out some more about the Maori language classes?
Woman:
Probably best to talk to the tutor directly, He'll be in the office in about half an hour. His name's Jason Kahui. That's K-A-H-U-I.
Man:
Good - I'll give him a call.
Woman:
Oh, if you do decide to come to the photography class, don't forget to look at your camera battery and make sure it's charged. I know it sounds obvious but I've seen a few people suddenly find the camera's stopped working right in the middle of class.
Man:
Yes, I can imagine it'd be easy to forget that. Oh that reminds me, in the final week of the photography course, is it right that there's a visit to a show in the local area? I work in the city, you see, so I might have to come home early for that one.
Woman:
Yes. They'll decide the date once the class has started. Is there anything else I can…

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
7.30/seven thirty
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là thời gian của lớp painting with water colours (At .... pm on Tuesday)

=> Đáp án sẽ sẽ tới sau "I know it's on Tuesdays but what time exactly?" (hỏi thời gian)

Tiếp tục nghe "It was 6.30 last term"

=> 6.30 là thời gian của khóa trước => Không phải đáp án



Sau đó người phụ nữ check lại "OK, it'll be 7.30 this time"

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2
Pencils
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem bên cạnh water jar thì còn phải mang theo gì (water jar and a set of ....)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "What does she need to bring?"

Đầu tiên nói màu tô sẽ có sẵn "paints are provided by the tutor," Tiếp theo nói " she'll need just a jar for water and some pencils for drawing."

=> Chỉ cần chai nướcsome pencils =a set of pencils => Đáp án đúng là pencils

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3
Top
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là lớp maori language sẽ diễn ra ở đâu? (The small room at the .... of the building)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Which room will that be in?" (hỏi về địa điểm)

Nghe người phụ nữ nói tiếp : "You'll need to go straight up the stairs in front of you, all the way to the top. And it's the small room you'll find there"

=> Lớp học là căn phòng nhỏ nằm trên cùng => Đáp án là top



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4
August
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án là thời gian bắt đầu khóa học (starts in ....)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "All right, and let me just check when it's starting" (nói về thời gian)

Sau đó nghe tiếp " I heard from someone that the July course has been delayed until August."

=> Khóa học tháng 7 sẽ dời sang tháng 8 => Đáp án đúng là August



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5
Instructions
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần tìm là thứ cần mang theo cho camera

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "....that's the digital photography class."

Sau khi giới thiệu thời gian và địa điểm speaker nói mình cần mang camera và nói tiếp "I suppose it'd be useful to have the instructions that go with the camera, too."

=> Cần mang theo instructions đi kèm của camera => Đáp án đúng là instructrions



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6
55/fifty-five
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án mình cần tìm là giá tiền cho 8 buổi học

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And how much does it cost?" (hỏi giá tiền)

Đầu tiên người phụ nữ trả lời "For four classes, it's £35"

=> 4 buổi £35 => Không phải đáp án



Sau đó nói "but if you take eight, it works out as £55"

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7
Beginners
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ai là đối tượng phù hợp của lớp watercolours (The watercolours class suits people who are ....)

Đáp án sẽ tới sau khi nghe "find out about the level - who's it for? (hỏi lớp dành cho ai)

Tiếp theo người phụ nữ nói" It's designed for beginners"

=> Lớp học này được thiết kế cho người mới bắt đầu => Đáp án đúng là beginnerss



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8
Kahui
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án mình cần điền là tên họ của Jason (contact Jason .... )

=> BIết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " who do I talk to if I want to find out some more about the Maori language classes?" (hỏi về đối tượng của câu trả lời)

Người phụ nữ trả lời: "His name's Jason Kahui." và sau đó spell họ của anh ấy "That's K-A-H-U-I."

=> Đáp án đúng là Kahui



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9
Battery
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là bộ phận cần kiểm trả của camera (check the ..... for the cameras)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau " If you do decide to come to the photography class"

Tiếp theo nghe được "....don't forget to look at your camera battery and make sure it's charged."

=> Đừng quên kiểm tra pin và đảm bảo là nó được sạc đầy (look at = check) => Đáp án là battery



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10
Show
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là chuyến đi đến nơi nào đó ở địa phương (There is a trip to a local .... in the final week of photography class)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Oh that reminds me, in the final week of the photography course"

Tiếp tục nghe " ... is it right that there's a visit to a show in the local area...." Và người phụ nữ confirm là "Yes"

=> Đáp án đúng là show



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Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 14
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Which TWO tasks will the volunteers in Groups A be responsible for?
A
widening pathways
B
planting trees
C
picking up rubbish
D
putting up signs
E
building fences
Which TWO items should volunteers in Group A bring with them?
A
food and water
B
boots
C
gloves
D
raincoats
E
their own tools
Question 15 - 20
Label the plan below Write the correct letter, A-I
OCG_L4_S2_Hadley park community garden project_NoOpt.jpg
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
Vegetable beds
15
Bee hives
16
Seating
17
Adventure playground
18
Sand area
19
Pond
20

❓ Tapescript section 2

Hadley Park Community Garden Project
00:00
Good morning - it's great to see so many people here. Thank you all very much for coming. Well, as you know, the community gardens at Hadley Park are really not looking as good as they should, quite bad really, and although the local council has a budget to deal with some of the problems, we do need volunteers for other tasks.
If you don't mind, I'm going to divide you into two groups. So, everyone on this side of the room is Group A, and the rest of you are Group B. So, Group A, there are a couple of things we'd like you to help with.
Um first of all, don't worry about any litter or empty bottles you see lying about - one of the local schools has offered to help out with that as part of their own environmental project. The priority for you will be to give us a hand with the new wooden fencing - it needs constructing along parts of the bicycle track, as there are parts which have now fallen down or broken -as I'm sure you've seen.
You've probably also noticed that some of the pathways that come from the bicycle track are quite narrow - and there are plans to make them wider - but the council will be dealing with that later in the year, and they've also promised to produce some informational signs about the plants in the gardens. Hopefully they'll be up in a few weeks' time.
The other thing we're doing is getting rid of some of the foreign species that are growing in the gardens and putting back some native plants and trees. So, you'll be doing some digging for us and getting those into the ground.
So, Group A, there's some items you'll need to bring along with you. I was going to say 'raincoats' but the forecast has changed so you can leave those at home. I'd definitely recommend a strong pair of boots waterproof would be best; it's quite muddy at the moment, and your own gloves would also be advisable.
Tools will be available - spades and hammers, that kind of thing. You just need to make sure they go back in the trucks. And, there's no need to worry about food and drink as we'll be supplying sandwiches and coffee - possibly some biscuits, even!
OK, Group B. your turn. Does everyone have a copy of the plan? Great. OK, we'll all be meeting in the car park - that's on the bottom of the plan, see? Now, if you've been assigned to the vegetable beds, to get there, you go out of the car park and go up the footpath until you reach the circle of trees - there they are - in the middle of the plan, and you see that the footpath goes all the way around them.
Well, on the left-hand side of that circular footpath, there's a short track which takes you directly to the vegetable beds. You can see a bamboo fence marked just above them. All right? OK, if you're helping out with the bee hives, pay attention.
Look again at the circle of trees in the middle of the plan, and the footpath that goes. around them. On the right side of that circle--you can see that the footpath goes off in an easterly direction - heading towards the right hand side of the plan. And then the path splits into two and you can either go up or down.
You want the path that heads down and at the end of this, you see two areas divided by a bamboo fence - and as we're looking at the plan, the bee hives are on the right of the fence - the smaller section. I mean.
Now don't worry-all the bees have been removed! You just need to transport the hives back to the car park. OK, for the seating, look at the circular footpath at the top of it, there's a path that goes from there and takes you up to the seating area, alongside the bicycle track and with a good view of the island, I suppose.
OK, if you're volunteering for the adventure playground area, let's start from the car park again and go up the footpath, but then you want the first left turn. Go up there and then you see there's a short path that goes off to the right - so down there and that's the adventure playground area, above the bamboo fence.
That fence does need repairing, I'm afraid. Right, what else? Oh yes, the sand area. We've got that circular footpath in the middle - find the track that goes east towards the right-hand side of the plan, and where that track divides, you need the little path that goes up towards the bicycle track.
The sand area is just above the bamboo fence there. And finally, the pond area. So, it's on the left-hand side of your plan - towards the top - just above the fruit bushes and to the left of the little path. OK, as I said already, hopefully we’ll …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần nghe là hai việc mà các volunteers chịu trách nhiệm



Sau đó có nhắc đến kế hoạch mở rộng pathway và bicycle track nhưng" ...the council will be dealing with that later in the year "

=> Mở rộng pathway là việc của council (không phải nhiệm vụ của nhóm A) => Loại đáp án A

Tiếp tục nghe "They've also promised to produce some informational signs"

=> 'They' ở đây là council cho nên việc dựng biển hiệu cũng không phải nghĩa vụ của nhóm A

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12
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Biết đáp án sắp tới sau khi nghe "Group A, there are a couple of things we'd like you to help with."

Đầu tiên nghe "don't worry about any litter or empty bottles"

=> Loại đáp án C

Tiếp theo nghe thấy "The priority for you will be to give us a hand with the new wooden fencing"

=> Ưu tiên là giúp làm wooden fencing mới =building fences => Đáp án đúng là E



Xem full giải thích
13
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần tìm là 2 thứ các volunteers cần mang theo

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "So, Group A, there're some items you'll need to bring along with you"

Đầu tiên người nói có nhắc về raincoat tuy nhiên lại nói tiếp "but the forecast has changed so you can leave those at home"

=> Dự báo thời tiết đã thay đổi nên không cần mang raincoat => Loại đáp án D



Sau đó nghe " I'd definitely recommend a strong pair of boots waterproof would be best"

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14
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau đó nghe tiếp ".... it's quite muddy at the moment, and your own gloves would also be advisable."

=> Vì sẽ có bùn, nên người nói khuyên đem găng tay (gloves) => Đáp án đúng là C

Có nhắc đến tools nhưng nó đã có sẵn "Tools will be available"

=> Loại đáp án E



Và họ nói thêm là " no need to worry about food and drink"

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15
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đầu tiền mình cần nghe vegetable beds nằm ở đâu trên bản kế hoạch

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Does everyone have a copy of the plan?"

Sau khi nói sẽ gặp nhau ở car park, người nói bảo "if you've been assigned to the vegetable beds, to get there, you go out of the car park and go up the footpath until you reach the circle of trees - there they are- in the midđle of the plan, and you see that the footpath goes all the way around them"

=> Để đến vegetable beds, đi ra khỏi car parkđi vào foot path cho tới khi đến vòng cây ở giữa bản đồ được bao bọc bởi footpath



Tiếp đến "Well- on the left-hand side of that circular footpath, there's a short track which takes you directly to the vegetable beds"

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16
I
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án mình cần nghe là vị trí của Bee Hives

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào khi nghe "if you're helping out with the bee hives..."

1) Đầu tiên speaker nhắc quay lại footpath vòng quanh bụi cây (Look again at the circle of trees in the middle of the plan)

2) Và bên phải vòng tròn đó là một lối đi hướng về phía đông (On the right side of that circle, the footpath goes off in an easterly direction)

3) Lối đi tẻ làm đôi (the path splits into two)

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17
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp đến mình cần nghe vị trí của Seating trên bản đồ

=> Biết sắp tới đáp án khi nghe "OK, for the seating..."

1) Tiếp tục nghe speaker nói nhìn về phía trên của footpath hình tròn (look at the circular footpath at the top of it)

2) Có hướng từ đó đi tới khu seating (there's a path that goes from there)

3) Bên cạnh bicycle tracknhìn ra island (alongside the bicycle track and with a good view of the island)

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18
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần tìm là vị trí của adventure playground area

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "OK, if you're volunteering for the adventure playground area..."



1) Đầu tiên nghe speaker chỉ quay lại car parkđi thẳng (start from the car park again and go up the footpath)

2) Nhưng rẽ trái ở ngã rẽ đầu tiên (then you want the first left turn)

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19
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần tìm là vị trí của sand area

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới sau khi nghe "Oh yes, the sand area"

1) Đầu tiên speaker chỉ từ footpath hình tròn tìm đường về hướng đông phía tay phải ( find the track that goes east towards the right-hand side of the plan)

2) nơi mà đường chia hai lối, sau đó đi con đường nhỏ dẫn tới bicycle track (where that track divides, you need the little path that goes up towards the bicycle track)

3) sand area sẽ ở phía trên bamboo fence ( The sand area is just above the bamboo fence)

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20
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần tìm là vị trí của pond area

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And finally, the pond area."

1) Speaker nói pond area ở phần trên phía bên tay trái bản đồ (it's on the left-hand side of your plan - towards the top)

2) Nằm ở phía trên fruit bushesbên trái con đường nhỏ ( just above the fruit bushes and to the left of the little path)

=> Đáp án đúng là A



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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 25
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
What point does Robert make about the 2013 study in Britain?
A
It focused more on packaging than wasted food.
B
It proved that households produced more waste than restaurants.
C
It included liquid waste as well as solid waste.
22
The speakers agree that food waste reports should emphasise the connection between carbon dioxide emissions and
A
food production.
B
transport of food to landfill sites.
C
distribution of food products.
23
Television programmes now tend to focus on
A
the nutritional value of food products.
B
the origin of food products.
C
the chemicals found in food products.
24
For Anna, the most significant point about food waste is
A
the moral aspect.
B
the environmental impact.
C
the economic effect.
25
Anna and Robert decide to begin their presentation by
A
handing out a questionnaire.
B
providing statistical evidence.
C
showing images of wasted food.
Question 26 - 30
What advantage do the speakers identify for each of the following projects? Choose FIVE answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-G.
List of Findings
A
It should save time
B
It will create new jobs.
C
It will benefit local communities.
D
It will make money.
E
It will encourage personal responsibility.
F
It will be easy to advertise.
G
It will involve very little cost.
26
edible patch
27
ripeness sensor
28
waste tracking application
29
smartphone application
30
food waste composting

❓ Tapescript section 3

Food Waste
00:00
Anna:
Hi, Robert
Robert:
Hi. Sorry I'm late. I was just printing off some pages about food waste in Britain.
Anna:
Do you want to include Britain in the presentation? I thought we were concentrating on the USA?
Robert:
Well, it is a global problem, so I thought we ought to provide some statistics that show that.
Anna:
Fair enough. What did you find out?
Robert:
Well, I was looking at a British study from 2013. It basically concluded that 12 billion pounds' worth of food and drink was thrown away each year - all of it ending up in landfill sites. Over eight million tons - and that wasn't including packaging.
Anna:
An incredible amount.
Robert:
Yes, and they were only looking at what households threw away, so there's no information about restaurants and the catering industry.
Robert:
But one thing the study did investigate was the amount of milk and soft drinks that were wasted, and I think it was probably quite unique in that respect.
Anna:
Interesting. You know, in the other European reports I've read - there's one thing they have in common when they talk about carbon dioxide emissions.
Robert:
I know what you are going to say. They never refer to the fuel that farms and factories require to produce the food. and the carbon dioxide that releases?
Anna:
Exactly. We could really cut down on carbon emissions if less food was supplied in the first place. To my mind, the reports talk too much about the carbon dioxide produced by the trucks that deliver the fresh goods to the shops and take the waste away. They forget about one of the key causes of carbon dioxide.
Robert:
Absolutely. If the reports are actually going to be useful to people, they need to be more comprehensive.
Anna:
Who do you mean by 'people?
Robert:
Well, the government industries... people making television programmes. Have you seen any documentaries about food waste?
Anna:
Not that I remember.
Robert:
My point exactly. These days they all seem to be focusing on where your meat, fruit and vegetables are sourced from. We're being encouraged to buy locally, not from overseas. That's probably a good thing but I'd still like to see something about waste.
Anna:
Yes, it's the same with magazine articles - it's all about fat and sugar content and the kind of additives and colouring in food - but nothing about how it reaches your table and what happens after it ends up in the bin.
Robert:
Well, we've only got 15 minutes for this presentation, so I think we'll have to limit what we say about the consequences of food waste. What do we want to concentrate on?
Anna:
Well, I know some of the other presentations are looking at food and farming methods and what they do to the environment, so I think we'll avoid that.
Anna:
And the fact that in some countries, people can't afford the food grown on their own farms - that was covered last term.
Robert:
OK. We don't want to repeat stuff
Anna:
What concerns me above all else is that in a recession governments should be encouraging business to find ways to cut costs. Apparently supermarkets in the USA lose about 11% of their fruit to waste. That's throwing money away.
Robert:
All right - we'll focus on that problem. It should get the others' attention, anyway. Now, how do you want to begin the presentation? Let's not start with statistics, though, because that's what everybody does.
Anna:
I agree. How about we give the other students a set of questions to answer - about what they suspect they waste every day?
Robert:
I'm fine with that. Probably a better option than showing pictures of landfill sites. It'll be more personalised, that way.
Anna:
All right, now let's start ...
Robert:
OK, shall we now have a look at the projects that different researchers and organisations are working on?
Anna:
For me, the project I really liked was the one at Tufts University - you know, where they've invented tiny edible patches to stick on fresh foods that show you what level of bacteria is present, and so whether you can still eat it.
Robert:
It's a great idea as it tells you if you need to hurry up and eat the food before it goes off. The other good thing about the patches is that apparently they'll be cheap to manufacture.
Anna:
Good. Then the other thing I thought was great was the Massachusetts Institute of Technology project.
Robert:
I hadn't seen that.
Anna:
Well, they've developed these sensors that can detect tiny amounts of ethylene. Ethylene is the natural plant hormone in fruit that makes them turn ripe, apparently.
Anna:
The researchers think that they can attach the sensors to cardboard boxes - and then supermarkets can scan the sensors with a portable device to see how ripe the fruit inside is. That's got to be a quicker way to check for ripeness than taking each box off the shelf and opening it.
Robert:
Definitely. And I thought that Lean Path was worth mentioning, too. Their waste tracking technology means that caterers can see how much food is being wasted and why. That'll increase profits for them eventually.
Anna:
Yes. And did you read about Zero PerCent? They've produced this smartphone application that allows restaurants to send donation alerts to food charities. The charities can then pick up the unwanted food and distribute it to people in need.
Robert:
In the long run, that'll definitely benefit poorer families in the neighbourhood. No kid should go to school hungry.
Anna:
I agree. And I read that quite a few local governments in the USA are thinking about introducing compulsory composting in their states - so you can't put any food waste into your rubbish bins, just the compost bin.
Robert:
Well, I guess that means a bit more work for people. I mean, they have to separate the organic and inorganic waste themselves before they take it out to the compost bin, and you know how lazy some people are!
Robert:
But I guess if we all start composting, we’d be doing something positive about the problem of food waste ourselves, rather than relying on the government to sort it out. Having said that, not everyone has a garden so …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem Robert nói gì về bài nghiên cứu năm 2013

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "I was looking at a British study from 2013"

Đầu tiên Robert nói " Over eight million tons (of food and drink) - and that wasn't including packaging"

=> Hơn 8 triệu tấn đồ ăn và thức uống được thải ra và con số đó chưa bao gồm packaging. => Loại đáp án A

Sau đó Robert nói "Yes, and they were only looking at what households threw away, so there's no information about restaurants and the catering industry"

=> Không đề cập tới nhà hàng => Loại đáp án B



Xem full giải thích
22
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là các bài reports cần nhấn mạnh quan hệ giữa CO2 và cái gì

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau khi nghe "there's one thing they have in common when they talk about carbon dioxide emissions. "

Đầu tiên Robert nói "They never refer to the fuel that farms and factories require to produce the food, and the carbon dioxide that releases"

=> Robert nói các bài reports thường không nói về fuel mà farms và factories cần để sản xuất thức ăn cũng như khí CO2 chúng thải ra => Họ đồng ý là reports cần emphasize mặt đó nhiều hơn

=> Đáp án là A



Xem full giải thích
23
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem chương trình TV hiện nay tập trung vào cái gì

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "....people making television programmes"

Tiếp theo nghe được "These days they all seem to be focusing on where your meat, fruit and vegetables are sourced from."

=> Tập trung vào vào nguồn gốc meat, fruit and vegetables => Đáp án là B

Có nhắc đến fat and sugar content= nutritional value additives and colouring =chemicals found in food, tuy nhiên đây là thứ trong magazine

Xem full giải thích
24
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem đối với Anna thì điều gì về food waste là significant nhất

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "we want to concentrate on" (thứ được chú trọng chính là thứ significant)

Đầu tiên có nhắc đến "some of the other presentations are looking at food and farming methods and what they do to the environment" (= environmental impact)

=> Các food and farming methods ảnh hưởng gì tới môi trường là chủ đề nghiên cứu của presentation khác. => Loại đáp án B



Tiếp theo nghe được "And the fact that in some countries, people can't afford the food grown on their own farms"

Xem full giải thích
25
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án mình cần nghe là Anna và Robert quyết định bắt đầu bài thuyết trình như thế nào

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "Now, how do you want to begin the presentation? "

Tiếp tục nghe "Let's not start with statistics, though, because that's what everybody does"

=> Không bắt đầu với statistics vì ai cũng làm thế => Loại đáp án B



Sau đó Anna nói "give the other students a set of questions to answer " và Robert đồng ý

Xem full giải thích
26
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng mình cần nghe là edible patch

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "... where they've invented tiny edible patches"

Mình nghe được từ Robert là "The other good thing about the patches is that apparently they'll be cheap to manufacture."

=> Những cái patches có chi phí sản xuất rẻ => Đáp án là G



Xem full giải thích
27
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng cần nghe là ripeness sensors

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau khi nghe "they can attach the sensors to cardboard boxes -"

Tiếp tục nghe "... and then supermarkets can scan the sensors with a portable device to see how ripe the fruit inside is" Người nói nói tiếp rằng "That's got to be a quicker way to check for ripeness" => Những cái sensors này có thể kiểm tra độ chín của trái cây nhanh hơn => Đáp án đúng là A


Xem full giải thích
28
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng cần nghe là waste tracking application

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "Their waste tracking technology"

Robert nói "Their waste tracking technology means that caterers can see how much food is being wasted and why. That'll increase profits for them eventually"

=> Các người tổ chức tiệc có thể theo dõi số lượng thức ăn bị bỏ phí và tại sao lại có tình trạng đó, từ đó giúp tăng lợi nhuận => Đáp án đúng là D



Xem full giải thích
29
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án của mình là về smartphone application

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "They've produced this smartphone application "

Tiếp tục nghe giải thích về smartphone application và Robert nói thêm "In the long run, that'll definitely benefit poorer families in the neighbourhood"

=> Smartphone application có thể giúp các gia đình nghèo trong cộng đồng => Đáp án đúng là C



Xem full giải thích
30
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng ở đây là food waste composting

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới sau khi nghe ".... thinking about introducing compulsory composting in their states...."



Nghe tiếp Robert giải thích mọi người sẽ phải làm nhiều hơn vì phải separate the organic and inorganic waste nhưng "We’d be doing something positive about the problem of food waste ourselves, rather than relying on the government to sort it out"

=> Người dân sẽ tự giải quyết vấn đề food waste không phụ thuộc vào nhà nước (more personal responsible)

=> Đáp đáp án đúng là E



Xem full giải thích

Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below. Write ONE WORD for each answer.
Kite-making by the Maori people of New Zealand
Making and appearance of the kites
  • The priests who made the kites had rules for size and scale.

  • 

    31
    was not allowed during a kite’s preparation.

Kites:
  • often represented a bird, a god, or a

    32
    .

  • had frames that were decorated with grasses and

    33
    .

  • had a line of noisy

    34
    attached to them.

  • could be triangular, rectangular or

    35
    shaped.

  • had patterns made from clay mixed with

    36
    oil.

  • sometimes had human-head masks with

    37
    and a tattoo.

Purpose and function of kites:
  • away of sending

    38
    to the gods.

  • a way of telling other villages that a

    39
    was necessary.

  • a means of

    40
    if enemies were coming.

❓ Tapescript section 4

Kite-Making By The Maori People Of New Zealand
00:00
Well, good morning everyone. As you know, we've been looking at different kinds of art and craft that were practised by the Maori people of New Zealand - at least before the Europeans began to arrive in the 18th century.
So, the focus of this lecture is kite making; how the kites were made their appearance and the purposes they served.
Well, let's start with the way they were made. As with other Maori artistic traditions, kite-making involved certain rituals. So, firstly, only priests were allowed to fly and handle the largest, most sacred kites.
There were rules, too, for the size and scale of the kites that the priests had to follow, and during the preparation of both small and large kites, food was strictly forbidden.
In terms of appearance, kites were frequently designed in the image of a native bird, or a Maori god, and sometimes, perhaps less often, a well-known hero.
You can imagine that when Maori first arrived in the new country, in New Zealand, it may have taken some time to find suitable materials for their kites - but through trial and error no doubt, they found plants and trees that provided bark and even roots that they could use to make the frames and wings of their kites.
And after the frame had been constructed, the kite then had to be decorated. For this the priests used long grasses, and these - when the kite was in the air - would stream along behind it. They also used a variety of feathers to add um, colour to their creations.
Well, all this meant it was easy to see a kite in the sky but you could also hear Maori kites. They could be quite noisy indeed and this was because some priests liked to hang a long row of shells from the kite. You can imagine how they'd rattle and clatter in the wind - how they might completely capture your attention
, As I said before, the most common image was probably a bird, and that's the same for other kite-making cultures, but the kites were designed in particular shapes - so there were kites that were triangular, rectangular and also shaped like a diamond.
And some of them were so large, it would actually require several men to operate them. Um, some of the kites were also covered in patterns, and to make these patterns, the Maori used different pigments of red and black, and these were either made from a charcoal base or from red-brown day which had been combined with oil obtained from a local species of shark.
Now, before I forget, if you have a chance, do visit the Auckland Museum because they have the last surviving 'birdman' kite on display. This is the kind of kite that has a wooden mask at the top of the frame - it's a mask of a human head - and you can clearly see it has a tattoo and also a set of teeth.
Quite impressive - and a good example of Maori craftsmanship and symbolism. Right, turning to the purpose and function of the kites, they certainly had multiple uses. Primarily the flying of kites was a way of communicating with the gods and when the kites rose into the air, the Maori used them to deliver messages - perhaps requesting a good harvest, good fortune in war, a successful hunting expedition.
So, these kites were incredibly valuable to a community - Treasured objects that one generation would pass to the next. People would also fly kites for other reasons, for example, to attract the attention of a neighbouring village.
This was done when a meeting was required between Maori elders -a convenient method, indeed.
And finally, when it comes to war, there are traditional stories that describe how when a Maori warrior found himself surrounded by his enemies, a kite could actually provide the possibility of escape - the kites were powerful enough to take a man up into the air, and for this reason, they could also be used to lower him into enemy fortifications so that an attack could begin from the inside.
Well, I'm happy to say there seems to be a revival and growing interest in kite-making, and...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
Food
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần tìm là thứ bị cấm trong qua trình chuẩn bị (.... was not allowed during a kite’s preparation)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau khi nghe " There were rules, too, for the size and scale of the kites"



Mình nghe được là "...and during the preparation of both small and large kites, food was strictly forbidden."

=> Trong giai đoạn chuẩn bị thì thức ăn bị cấm => Đáp án đúng là food



Xem full giải thích
32
Hero
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem các con diều thường đại diện cái gì (often represented a bird, a god, or a ... )

=> Mình biết đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "In terms of appearance" (nhắc đến hình dáng)

Sau đó nghe tiếp " kites were frequently designed in the image of a native bird, or a Maori god, and sometimes, perhaps less often, a well-known hero. "

=> Thường thiết kế theo hình ảnh native bird, or a Maori god và đôi khi là well-known hero. => Đáp án đúng là hero



Xem full giải thích
33
Feathers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là thứ dùng để trang trí bên cạnh grasses (had frames that were decorated with grasses and .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "And after the frame had been constructed, the kite then had to be decorated" (đề cập tới trang trí)

Sau khi đề cập tới việc priests dùng long grasses để trang trí, người nói bảo "They also used a variety of feathers to add um, colour to their creations."

=> Họ cũng dùng feathers để thêm màu sắc => Đáp án đúng là feathers



Xem full giải thích
34
Shells
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là thứ gì ồn ào được gắn vào con diều (had a line of noisy .... attached to them)

=> Đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "They could be quite noisy indeed "

Tiếp tục nghe "this was because some priests liked to hang a long row of shells from the kite"

=> các priests thích gắn các vỏ sò vào còn diều => Đáp án đúng là shells



Xem full giải thích
35
Diamond
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là hình dáng con diều (could be triangular, rectangular or ... shaped)

=> Biết đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "but the kites were designed in particular shapes " (đề cập tới hình dáng)

Tiếp theo nghe "so there were kites that were triangular, rectangular and also shaped like a diamond."

=> Ngoài triangular và rectangular, các con diều còn có hình thoi => Đáp án đúng là diamond



Xem full giải thích
36
Shark
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe được là loại dầu được trộn với clay để tạo nên hoạt tiết (had patterns made from clay mixed with .... oil)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "some of the kites were also covered in patterns"

Tiếp theo nghe người Maori sử dụng màu đỏ và đen từ charcoal base hoặc "from red-brown clay which had been combined with oil obtained from a local species of shark"

=> Đất sét trộn với dầu lấy từ loại cá mập địa phương (dầu cá mập) => Đáp án đúng là shark



Xem full giải thích
37
Teeth
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là thứ có trên human-head mask (sometimes had human-head masks with .... and a tattoo)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe" This is the kind of kite that has a wooden mask" (nhắc đến mask)

Sau đó nghe "and you can clearly see it has a tattoo and also a set of teeth"

=> Mặt nạ hình đầu người có hình xăm và bộ răng trên nó => Đáp án đúng là teeth



Xem full giải thích
38
Messages
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem các con diều được dùng để gửi cái gì cho god (a way of sending ... to the gods)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "Right, turning to the purpose and function of the kites,"

Tiếp theo nghe "Primarily the flying of kites was a way of communicating with the gods"

=> Mục đích chính là liên lạc với god



Nghe tiếp "and when the kites rose into the air, the Maori used them to deliver messages"

Xem full giải thích
39
Meeting
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem diều có thể thông báo điều gì quan trọng tới các làng khác (a way of telling other villages that a .... was necessary)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe " People would also fly kites for other reasons" (nêu mục đích tiếp theo)

Sau đó nói tiếp "....for example, to attract the attention of a neighbouring village. This was done when a meeting was required between Maori elders..." => Họ dùng diều như một cách để thống báo tới các làng khác khi cần tổ chức một buổi meeting. => Đáp án đúng là meeting


Xem full giải thích
40
Escape
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem diều có công dụng gì nếu kẻ thù đến (a means of .... if the enemies were coming)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "And finally, when it comes to war"

Tiếp tục nghe " when a Maori warrior found himself surrounded by his enemies, a kite could actually provide the possibility of escape"

=> Khi chiến binh Maori bị bao vây, diều sẽ cho cơ hội trốn thoát (escape) => Đáp án đúng là escape



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