Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 1 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

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Official Cambridge Guide To IELTS - Listening Test 1 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 6
Complete the notes below Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer
PRESTON PARK RUN
Details of run
Example
Day of Park Run: Saturday
Start of run: in front of the
1

Time of start:
2

Length of run:
3

At end of run: volunteer scans
4

Best way to register: on the
5

Cost of run: £
6

Question 7 - 10
Complete the notes below Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each question
VOLUNTEERING
Contact name: Pete
7

Phone number:
8

Activities: setting up course

9
the runners

10
for the weekly report

❓ Tapescript section 1

Preston Park Run
00:00
A:
Good morning - Dave Smith speaking.
B:
Hi - could I speak to the organiser of the Preston Park Run?
A:
Yes, that’s me.
B:
Great - um - I was talking to some friends of mine about the run and they suggested I contact you to get some more details.
A:
Sure - what would you like to know?
B:
Well - they said it takes place every Saturday, is that right?
A:
Yes it does.
B:
OK - great!
A:
Do you know where the park is?
B:
Oh yes - I’ve been there before. But it’s quite big and I’m not sure where to go.
A:
Well there’s a circular track that goes right around the park. The run starts at the café, goes past the tennis courts then twice around the lake and finishes back where it started.
B:
Ok and what time is the run?
A:
Well the actual run begins at 9 am but the runners start arriving at about 8:45.
B:
OK - so I need to get up early Saturday morning then. And how long is the run?
A:
Well it used to be three kilometres but most people wanted to do a bit more than that so we lengthened it to five kilometres - we now go round the lake twice and that adds an extra two kilometres.
B:
Right - not sure I’ve run that far so I’d better start doing a bit of training.
A:
That’s a good idea. But it’s not a race, it’s really just for fun and the best thing would be to take it easy the first few times you do it and then see if you can gradually improve your time.
B:
Is the run times then? How do I know how well I;ve done?
A:
When you cross the finish line you’ll be given a bar code and you take this to one of the run volunteers, who will scan it. Then you can get your time online when you go home.
B:
Oh - I see. You collect all the results.
A:
Exactly.
B:
I see - that’s great. So how do I register?
A:
Well there are several ways. I could take your details over the phone but it’s much easier if you do it using the website.
B:
OK - good. Um, I think that;s probably all I need to know for now. Oh yes - does it cost anything to register or do you collect money each week?
A:
Well it doesn’t cost anything to register but we do charge for the run. In fact we have just increased the charge to £1.50. It used to be a pound but because we were making a bit of a loss we have had to increase it by 50p.
B:
OK thanks. I think I have enough information on taking part in the run.
B:
Um - you mentioned volunteers. I have a friend who is interested in helping out. Can you give me some details so I can pass them on to her?
A:
Sure - well you need to ask your friend to contact Pete Maughan. He manages all the volunteers.
B:
OK - I didn’t quite catch his surname - was it Morn - M-O-R-N?
A:
No - just a bit more complicated - it’s M-A-U-G-H-A-N.
B:
Right - thanks. And you could give me his phone number?
A:
Yes - just a moment. It’s here somewhere - let me just find it. Ah I’ve two numbers for him. I think the one that begins 0-1-2-7-3 is an old one so use this one: it’s 0-1-4-double 4-7-3-2-9-double zero.
B:
OK - got that. Can you tell me anything about the volunteering? Like what kind of activities it involves?
A:
Sure - well we need volunteers for basic stuff like setting up the course. We have to do that before all the runners arrive.
B:
OK - so that’s a really early start.
A:
Yes that’s right. But if your friend would prefer to arrive a bit later she can also help with guiding the runners so they don’t go the wrong way.
B:
I see. I believe you do a report on some of the races.
A:
Yes that’s right. In fact we do a weekly report on each race and we always try to illustrate it.
B:
OK - well my friend really likes taking photographs. She’s just bought a new camera.
A:
Actually that would be great. I don’t know whether Pete has anyone to take photographs this week.
B:
Oh, I’ll let her know.
A:
OK good. Could you ask your friend to phone Pete and let him know?
B:
Yes I will.
A:
OK thanks. Goodbye.
B:
Goodbye.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
cafe
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết cuộc đua sẽ bắt đầu từ đâu (start of run: in front of ....... )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "But it’s quite big and I’m not sure where to go'' (hỏi địa điểm)

Dave trả lời là ''The run starts at the café, goes past the tennis courts then twice around the lake and finishes back where it started.''

=> Điểm bắt đầu là ở một quán cà phê => Đáp án là cafe



P/s: Dave có nhắc tới hai địa điểm khác là tennis court và lake nhưng chúng đều không phải là điểm xuất phát (mình chỉ chạy qua tennis court và lake thôi) => Loại tennis court và lake


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2
9/nine am/9 o'clock/nine o’clock
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án mình cần là giờ bắt đầu (time of start)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Ok and what time is the run?''



Dave nói là ''Well the actual run begins at 9 am but the runners start arriving at about 8:45.'' => Giờ chạy là 9 am, còn 8.45amgiờ mà người tham gia bắt đầu tới => Loại 8.45 
=> Đáp án là 9 am


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3
5/five km/kilometres/kilometres
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần điền quãng đường chạy bộ (length of run)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And how long is the run?''



Theo Dave, ''Well it used to be three kilometres but most people wanted to do a bit more than that so we lengthened it to five kilometres'' => 3km là độ dài quãng đường trong quá khứ (used to là đã từng) còn ngày nay đã được tăng lên 5km => Loại 3km 
=> Đáp án là 5km


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4
bar-code/a bar-code/a barcode/barcode
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết các tình nguyện viên sẽ scan cái gì ở vạch đích (At the end of run: volunteers scan ...)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''When you cross the finish line ...''



Mình nghe được là ''When you cross the finish line you’ll be given a bar code and you take this to one of the run volunteers, who will scan it.'' => Khi mình tới vạch đích mình sẽ được cho một barcode và các tình nguyện viên sẽ quét cái barcode này. => Đáp án là barcode


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5
website
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo là mình cần biết cách đăng ký tốt nhất (best way to register: on the ...)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''So how do I register?'



Theo Dave, ''I could take your details over the phone but it’s much easier if you do it using the website.''

=> Có thể đăng ký qua điện thoại nhưng đăng ký trên website là lựa chọn tốt hơn. => Loại phone

=> Đáp án là website


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6
1.50
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết về chi phí cuộc đua (cost of run: £ ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Oh yes - does it cost anything to register ....?"

Dave đưa ra giá khi nói ''In fact we have just increased the charge to £1.50 .'

=> Vừa tăng phí lên £1.50. => Đáp án là £1.50





P/s: Dave có đưa thêm thông tin là ''It used to be a pound but because we were making a bit of a loss we have had to increase it by 50p.'' => Trong quá khứ giá là 1 pound, nhưng do bị lỗ nên họ phải tăng thêm 50p => Loại £1 và 50p 


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7
maughan
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sang phần tiếp theo, ở câu này mình cần điền tên người cần liên lạc (Contact name: Pete .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Can you give me some details so I can pass them on to her?''

Đầu tiên Dave nói tên đầy đủ là ''Sure - well you need to ask your friend to contact Pete Maughan.''

Sau đó mới đánh vần, ''No - just a bit more complicated - it’s M-A-U-G-H-A-N."

=> Đáp án là Maughan



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8
01444732900
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần tìm là số điện thoại

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And you could give me his phone number?''



Đầu tiên Dave đưa ra thông tin đánh lạc hướng là ''I think the one that begins 0-1-2-7-3 is an old one''

=> Đây là số cũ nên mình sẽ không dùng.





Thay vào đó mình sẽ dùng số mới, ''so use this one: it’s 0-1-4-double 4-7-3-2-9-double zero. ''

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9
guiding/guide
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Hai câu cuối cùng là về các hoạt động tình nguyện (setting up course" được cho sẵn)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau "Sure - well we need volunteers for basic stuff like setting up the course.''



Sau đó mình nghe được là ''But if your friend would prefer to arrive a bit later she can also help with guiding the runners so they don’t go the wrong way.'' => Do hoạt động đầu cần mình đến sớm nên nếu mình thích đến muộn chút thì mình có thể chỉ đường cho người tham gia. => Đáp án là guiding


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10
taking/take photos/photographs
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Câu cuối mình cần điền hành động gì đó cho reports (..... for the weekly report)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau ''I believe you do a report on some of the races.''



Với weekly reports, Dave nói là ''we always try to illustrate it.''

=> Họ luôn cố gắng minh họa nó.



Sau đó mình nghe là ''OK - well my friend really likes taking photographs.'' và Dave cũng không biết liệu "Pete has anyone to take photographs this week.''

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Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 14
Complete the table below Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
PACTON-ON-SEA BUS TOUR
Question 15 - 20
Complete the sentences below Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
15
You need to have a

to buy a ticket for £10.
16
The bus tour lasts

in total.
17
The cost of the bus ticket includes entrance to the

.
18
You can listen to an audio commentary which has been made by the

.
19
If the weather is wet, it is a good idea to bring
.
20
Don’t forget to bring your

when you book online.

❓ Tapescript section 2

Pacton-On-Sea Bus
00:00
Thank you for calling the phoneline for the Pacton-on-Sea bus tour. This is a recorded message lasting approximately four minutes and it provides general information on the town bus tour.
Pacton-on-Sea is a beautiful west coast town and has attracted tourists for many years. One of the best ways of getting to know the town is to take the bus tour, which provides a wonderful viewing experience from one of our open-top buses.
The tour is a round-trip of the town and there are a total 4 stops where passengers can get on and off the bus.
A lot of people start at the first stop which is at the train station as this is where many tourists arrive in the town. The next stop after the station is the aquarium which is famous for its dolphin show and which has recently expanded to include sharks.
This is well worth a visit and is very reasonably priced. Leaving the aquarium, the bus tour goes along the coast road and after a few kilometres comes to the Old Fishing Village where you can get off to stroll along the waterfront.
There are some original buildings here but most of the area has been modernised and is now used as a harbour for all kinds of sea craft including yachts and some amazing power boats. The tour then heads off to the last stop and this is where most of the shops are.
So for those of you keen to do a bit of shopping this is the place for you. Our advice is to go to this part of the town in the morning when it is relatively quiet.
It does get very busy in the afternoons, especially at the height of the season. This area of the town includes an ancient water fountain where many people like to have their photograph taken - so do look out for this.
Now some details of the costs and timings. A family ticket, which includes two adults and up to three children, costs £30.
An adult ticket costs £15, children under the age of fifteen are £5 and student tickets are £10 as long as you have a student card. All tickets are valid for 24 hours, which means that you can get on and off the bus as many times as you like within a 24-hour period.
So you could, for example, start the tour in the afternoon and complete it the following morning. The first bus of the day leaves the station at 10 am and the last one of the day leaves at 6 pm.
Buses leave every thirty minutes and each tour takes a total of fifty minutes. There are many attractions at each of the stops, so wherever you get off the bus there will be plenty to do.
The bus tour tickets do not include entrance to any of these attractions apart from the museum which is located near the aquarium. Some buses have local guides, who will point out places of interest and will provide information on the town.
However, we cannot guarantee that every bus will have a guide and so we also have an audio commentary that has been specially recorded for the bus tour by the tourist office.
Headphones are available on the bus and these are easy to operate. There is no extra charge for these - just plug in, select the required language and adjust the volume.
Due to winter months being rather cold and wet in Paction-on-Sea, the bus tours only operate from March to September. The weather is usually warm and sunny during these months so remember to bring some sun protection, especially on hot days.
And of course, it does occasionally rain here in the summer so if the weather looks bad, remember to bring some rainwear. The bus tours are available no matter what the weather.
At the height of the summer the tours can get very busy so you are advised to book. You can book tickets online, over the phone and also at the station and at any of the other tour stops.
When booking over the phone you can collect your tickets at any of the stops at the start of your tour. When you do it online you can print your e-ticket which you must remember to bring with you.
Thank you for calling the Pacton-on-Sea phoneline and we look forward to seeing you soon on one of our tour buses.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
sharks
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết có thể xem gì ở aquarium (dolphin and .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The next stop after the station is the aquarium ...''



Mình nghe được là ''... which is famous for its dolphin show and which has recently expanded to include sharks.'' => Mình có thể xem cá heo và cá mập. => Đáp án là sharks


Xem full giải thích
12
old fishing village
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là điểm đến của trạm xe thứ ba

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' Leaving the aquarium ...''

Theo người nói, ''the bus tour goes along the coast road and after a few kilometres comes to the Old Fishing Village ...''

=> Mình sẽ đi dọc đường biển và sau một vài km sẽ tới Old Fishing Village => Đáp án là Old Fishing Village



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13
shopping
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là điểm đến của trạm cuối cùng ( ...... center)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The tour then heads off to the last stop ...''



Đầu tiên người nói đưa thông tin là ''and this is where most of the shops are.''

=> Đây là nơi có phần lớn cửa hàng.

Sau đó là ''So for those of you keen to do a bit of shopping this is the place for you.'' => Đây là một trung tâm (từ 'center' có sẵn), phù hợp cho những người thích do a bit of shopping => Đáp án là shopping

P/s : Do câu này không nói hẳn từ centre hoặc từ đồng nghĩa => bạn sẽ phải suy luận một chút thì mới điền được đáp án nhé!

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14
water fountain/ fountain
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng cuối cùng là một cái gì đó rất cổ (very old ..... )



Sau khi nói xong về shopping, người nói bảo là ''This area of the town includes an ancient water fountain where many people like to have their photograph taken...."

=> Khu vực này có một đài phun nước cổ (ancient đồng nghĩa với very old) => Lược bỏ ancient

=> Đáp án là water fountain


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15
student card
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm cái cần có để có vé giá $10 (You need to have a ..... to buy a ticker for $10)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Now some details of the costs and timings.''

Đầu tiên người nói đưa ra các loại vé với giá khác nhau: family ticket có giá $30, adult ticket là $15, ...



Cuối cùng mình mới nghe thấy vé có giá $10 ở đoạn ''student tickets are £10 as long as you have a student card''

=> Giá vé đúng với giá mình cần tìm, và mình cần có thẻ học sinh để có vé này. => Đáp án là student card



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16
fifty/50 minutes/mins
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết thời gian mỗi bus tour (the bus tour lasts ..... in total)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau khi người nói đề cập tới bus, '' The first bus of the day leaves the station ...''



Theo người nói, ''Buses leave every thirty minutes and each tour takes a total of fifty minutes.''

=> Nghĩa là cứ 30p là có chuyến, còn tổng thời gian mỗi tour là 50 phút=> Loại 30 minutes

=> Đáp án là 50 minutes


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17
museum
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết giá vé đã bao gồm vé vào cổng của điểm đến nào (The cost of the bus ticket includes entrance to the ...)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''There are many attractions at each of the stops''

Người nói đưa thông tin là ''The bus tour tickets do not include entrance to any of these attractions apart from the museum which is located near the aquarium'' => Giá vé không bao gồm entrance cho tất cả các địa điểm trừ bảo tàng , tức nó có bao gồm giá vé vào bảo tàng . => Đáp án là museum




P/s: Bạn tránh nhầm với aquarium bởi người nói chỉ nhắc tới nó để làm rõ vị trí của bảo tàng mà thôi => Loại aquarium


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18
tourist office
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần điền đối tượng làm audio commentary (audio commentary which has been made by the .....)

=> Do chức năng của local guides giống audio commentary (cung cấp thông tin, chỉ dẫn), nên đáp án sẽ có sau ''Some buses have local guidesprovide information on the town ."



Sau đó mình nghe được là ''so we also have an audio commentary that has been specially recorded for the bus tour by the tourist office.''

=> Tourist office làm ra audio commentary. => Đáp án là tourist office



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19
rain(-)wear/rainwear
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là vật cần mang trong wet weather (tức trời mưa, ẩm)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''it does occasionally rain here in the summer''



Người nói khuyên là ''..... if the weather looks bad, remember to bring some rainwear'' => Mình nên mang đồ đi mưa trong trường hợp thời tiết xấu. => Đáp án là rainwear


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20
e(-)ticket/ e ticket
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Cuối cùng, mình cần biết phải mang gì nếu mình đặt tour trên mạng (Don’t forget to bring your .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''You can book tickets online, over the phone ....''



Người nói bảo ''. When you do it online you can print your e-ticket which you must remember to bring with you.''

=> Khi đặt trên mạng mình phải nhớ in và mang theo vé điện tử (e-ticket, e viết tắt cho electronic) => Đáp án là e-ticket



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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 26
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
Dave hadley says that the computer system has
A
too many users.
B
never worked well.
C
become outdated.
22
The main problem with the computer system is that it
A
is too slow.
B
stops working.
C
displays incorrect data.
23
Timetabling has become an issue because
A
there is not enough time for anyone to do it.
B
the system does not handle course options.
C
the courses are constantly changing.
24
To solve the timetabling issues, Randhir suggests that
A
students should create their own timetables.
B
Dave should have someone to assist him.
C
the number of courses should be reduced.
25
Randhir says that a new system may
A
need to be trialled.
B
still have problems.
C
be more economical.
26
Improving the existing system will take
A
a few weeks.
B
four or five months.
C
nine months.
Question 27 - 30
Complete each sentences with correct ending
i-resizable-alignable
27
28
29
30






❓ Tapescript section 3

Computer System
00:00
Randhir:
Hello - I'm Randhir Ghotra from the technologies department.
Dave:
Ah yes. Good. I'm Dave Hadley. Thanks for coming to see me.
Randhir:
That's OK. I believe you want us to do some work for you?
Dave:
Yes that's right. Um, I'm responsible for student admissions to the college and I use a computer system to help process student enrolments and to do the timetabling.
Dave:
But it really doesn't suit the way we work these days. It's over ten years old and although it was fine when it was first introduced, it is just not good enough now.
Randhir:
OK - what problems are you experiencing?
Randhir:
. That's good.
Dave:
Well, 20 years ago, the college was quite small and we didn't have the numbers of students or tutors that we have now.
Randhir:
So the system can't handle the increasing volumes ...
Dave:
Well, there's a lot more data now and it sometimes seems the system has crashed but, in fact, it just takes ages to go from one screen to the next.
Randhir:
Right. Is that the only problem?
Dave:
Well that's the main one, but there are others. In the past, doing the timetabling was quite simple but now we have a lot more courses and what's made it complicated is that many of them have options.
Randhir:
Right - but the system should allow you to include those.
Dave:
Well no, it doesn't. It was supposed to - and a few years ago we did ask someone from the technologies department to fix it, but they never seemed to have the time.
Randhir:
Hmm ... are there any other issues with the system?
Dave:
Well – I've been given extra responsibilities and so have even less time to do the timetabling. If there was anything you could do, Randhir, to make the process more efficient, that would be really helpful.
Randhir:
Well it sounds like you could do with an assistant but that's obviously not possible, so what about having an online system that students can use to do their scheduling?
Dave:
How would that work?
Randhir:
Well – it may mean less choice for students but we could create a fixed schedule of all the courses and options and they could then view what was available ...
Dave:
... and work it out for themselves - that sounds great.
Randhir:
OK, so ... um... we'll need to decide whether or not to improve the existing system or to build a completely new system.
Dave:
Well I'd much prefer to have a new system. Quite frankly, I've had enough of the old one.
Randhir:
OK - that'll probably take longer although it may save you money in the long run. When were you hoping to have this in place?
Dave:
Well it's January now and the new intake of students will be in September. We need to start processing admiss in the next few weeks really.
Randhir:
Welt will take more than a few weeks, I'm afraid. As an initial estimate I think we'll be looking at April or May to improve the existing system but for a new system it would take at least nine months. That would be October at the earliest.
Dave:
What are the next steps if we are to have a new system?
Randhir:
Well, the first question is - do you have support from your senior management?
Dave:
Yes, I've already discussed it with them and they're also keen to get this work done.
Randhir:
OK, because I was going to say, that's the first thing you need to do and without that we can't go ahead.
Dave:
Yes, I've done that.
Dave:
Actually, they mentioned that there's probably a form I need to complete to formally start the project.
Randhir:
Yes - that's the next thing you need to do. I'll send you an email with a link so you can fill it in online. It's called a “project request form”.
Dave:
OK great. And then what happens?
Randhir:
Well, I have a list of things but I think the third thing you should do is see Samir. He's our analyst who will look at the system and identify what needs to be done.
Dave:
OK - can you send me his contact details and I'll set up a meeting with him.
Randhir:
OK that's good, so we should soon be able to get a team together to start the work. Some members of our team work in different locations so it's not easy to have face-to-lace meetings.
Dave:
That's OK - I'm used to having conference calls providing they are not late at night.
Randhir:
Righi - so I'll send you details of the team and if you could set up a call that would be great.
Dave:
OK, I'll do that.
Randhir:
Thanks

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng của câu là hệ thống vi tính (computer system has)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ... I use a computer system to help process student enrolments and to do the timetabling.''

Đầu tiên Dave đưa thông tin là ''It's over ten years old and although it was fine when it was first introduced, it is just not good enough now.''

=> Bạn để ý Dave có bảo là nó có chạy tốt vào lúc đầu, không phải là nó chưa bao giờ chạy tốt => Loại đáp án B



=> Hệ thống đã hơn 10 năm tuổi rồi mà giờ nó đã không còn đủ tốt (lỗi thời). => Đáp án là C (oudated)



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22
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần tìm vấn đề chính của hệ thống

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''what problems are you experiencing?''

Khi Randhir nhắc về việc số lượng học sinh tăng, Dave trả lời là ''it sometimes seems the system has crashed but, in fact, it just takes ages to go from one screen to the next.''

=> Đúng là số học sinh tăng, nhưng máy tính không bị crashchỉ là chạy chậm (takes ages) => Loại đáp án B

=> Đáp án là A 


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23
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Theo thứ tự, sau main problem, mình sẽ nghe về các vấn đề khác => Đáp án sẽ có sau '' Is that the only problem?''



Đầu tiên Dave nói "In the past, doing the timetabling was quite simple but now..." là biết chuẩn bị nói về vấn đề của timetabling ở hiện tại.



Nghe tiếp, mình biết được là ''we have a lot more courses and what's made it complicated is that many of them have options.'' => Ngày nay họ có rất nhiều khóa họcchúng lại có nhiều lựa chọn khác nhau.



Vậy vấn đề mà Dave gặp phải là ''but the system should allow you to include those.'' và Dave đã trả lời là ''Well no, it doesn't'' => Vấn đề là hệ thống không cho phép Dave thêm các lựa chọn khóa học vào. => Đáp án là B


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24
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết Dave sẽ cần làm gì để sửa vấn đề (to solve the timetabling issue .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau khi Dave hỏi Randhir giúp, '' If there was anything you could do, Randhir, to make the process more efficient , that would be really helpful.''



Đầu tiên, ''Well it sounds like you could do with an assistant but that's obviously not possible''

=> Việc thuê một assistant là điều không thể => Loại đáp án B





Tiếp theo, '' so what about having an online system that students can use to do their scheduling ?''

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25
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần biết một hệ thống mới sẽ giúp ích được gì (a new system may ....)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''we'll need to decide whether or not to improve the existing system or to build a completely new system.''



Khi Dave nói mình thích có một hệ thống mới hơn, Randhir trả lời là ''that'll probably take longer although it may save you money in the long run'' => Hệ thống mới sẽ giúp mình tiết kiệm tiền (tức economical) => Đáp án là C


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26
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Cuối cùng là về thời gian nâng cấp hệ thống cũ

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''When were you hoping to have this in place?''



Khi Dave nói mình cần hệ thống này trong vài tuần, Randhir trả lời là ''Welt will take more than a few weeks , I'm afraid.''

=> Mình sẽ cần nhiều hơn là vài tuần => Loại đáp án A





Tiếp theo, ''.... I think we'll be looking at April or May to improve the existing system''

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27
senior management/managers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Giờ mình cần nghe xem Dave có thể nhận approval từ ai (get approval from .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''What are the next steps if we are to have a new system?''



Đầu tiên Randhir hỏi là '' do you have support from your senior management?'' (support ở đây đồng nghĩa với approval, sự đồng thuận, ủng hộ)



Sau khi Dave nói đã thảo luận với họ, Randhir bảo là '' that's the first thing you need to do and without that we can't go ahead.'' => Điều đầu tiên mình cần làm là có sự chấp thuận từ ban quản lý. => Đáp án là senior management

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28
project request
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là một loại đơn gì đó (complete a .... form)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Actually, they mentioned that there's probably a form I need to complete to formally start the project'' => Đáp án có thể là danh từ hoặc tính từ.



Sau khi xác nhận rằng đây là việc thứ hai phải làm, Randhir nói là ''I'll send you an email with a link so you can fill it in online. It's called a “project request form”.'' => Đây là đơn xin cấp phép dự án . => Đáp án là project request


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29
meeting
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Bước tiếp theo mình cần book gì đó với system analyst (book a ..... with the system analyst)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And then what happens?''



Đầu tiên mình nghe được là '' ... I think the third thing you should do is see Samir''

=> Việc thứ ba mình cần làm là gặp Samir (system analyst) => Chưa biết cần làm gì nên mình nghe tiếp



Sau đó Dave xác nhận là '' can you send me his contact details and I'll set up a meeting with him.''

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30
conference call
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Việc cuối cùng là set up cái gì đó với technologies team (set up a .... with technologies team)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' so we should soon be able to get a team together to start the work.''



Theo Dave, ''I'm used to having conference calls providing they are not late at night''

=> Mình nghe được rằng Dave đã quen có những conference calls miễn là chúng không quá muộn về đêm.



Sau đó Randhir nói là ''so I'll send you details of the team and if you could set up a call that would be great.'' => Vậy mình hiểu việc cần làm là set up cuộc gọi với nhóm. => Đáp án là conference call


Xem full giải thích

Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the sentences below. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
31
Ceramics date back approximately


32
The first figurines were made in the area of

33
Early humans could not use their pots to store

34
The Chinese improved the quality of ceramics by mixing
with the clay.
35
Chinese porcelain was also called

36
Bottger added quartz and
to clay to make porcelain.
37
Glass production is similar to clay ceramics apart from the rate of

38
The Romans introduced the use of glass to make

39
The discovery of concrete is probably due to observing reactions of water and


40
The ability to build large
contributed to the success of the Roman Empire.

❓ Tapescript section 4

Materials
00:00
Hi everyone - today I’m going to be talking about the origins of ceramics. So, first of all. Let’s start off with - what is a ceramic? Well, generally speaking. Ceramics are what you get when you apply heat to certain inorganic, non-metallic solids and then allow them to cool.
And examples of ceramics are everyday things like earthenware pots, crockery, glassware, and even concrete.
So how did it all begin? Well it all started around 29.000 years ago when humans discovered that if you dig up some soft clay from the ground, mould it into a shape and then heat it up to a very high temperature, when it cools the clay has been transformed into something hard and rigid.
And so - what did those first humans do with their discovery? Well - they created figurines which were small statues and which depicted animals or gods or any shape that the day could be moulded into
And all this activity was centred around southern Europe where there is also evidence of ceramics that were created much later.
The early humans also found a practical use for their discovery, such as storing things like grain - although there were drawbacks. The pots were porous so that, although they could carry water in them, it wasn't possible to store it over a long period. And also, they were quite brittle and shattered very easily if they were dropped.
But despite these problems, it was many thousands of years before there were any improvements. In China at around 200 BC they discovered that by adding minerals to the clay they could improve both the appearance and the strength of the ceramics.
But it took nearly a thousand years before they perfected the process to produce high-quality ceramics known as porcelain. And once they had perfected the process they kept it a secret - for another thousand years!
Compared to the first ceramics, porcelain was lighter. finer, harder and whiter and became an important commodity in China's trading with the rest of the world for hundreds of years.
In fact, it became so valuable that it was known as white gold and spies were sent to China to discover what they did to the clay to produce such high-quality merchandise. It wasn't until the eighteenth century that the secret began to unravel.
A German alchemist called Johann Friedrich Bottger was asked by the king to make gold out of lead. Unfortunately, Bottger failed to achieve this and soon gave up, but in order to please the king he attempted to make high-quality porcelain.
And after many years of experimentation, he discovered that by adding quartz and a material called china stone to very high-quality clay he managed to get the same results that the Chinese had been achieving for the last 1,000 years.
We now look at another ceramic which is made from mixing sand with minerals and heating to over 600 degrees Celsius. When this mixture cools the result is of course glass.
The main difference between ceramics made from clay and glass is that clay is made up of crystalline plates which become locked together in the cooling process whereas glass cools too quickly for crystals to form.
Apart from that, the process of heating up naturally occuring materials to transform them is the same.
The origins of glass date back to 3500 BC but it wasn't until the Roman Empire, 2,000 years ago, that the art of glass-blowing and the practical uses of glass became more widespread.
One of the more innovative uses was to use it in windows as, up until then, they had just been holes in walls. It must have been very draughty in those days!
The Romans were also responsible for inventing concrete. And although the origins are uncertain, experts think that this is largely due to the high level of volcanic activity in the area.
The Romans observed that, when volcanic ash mixes with water and then cools, it gets extremely hard and almost impossible to break up. The chemical reaction that follows is very complex and continues for many years, and the concrete just keeps getting harder.
Evidence of this is the numerous Roman remains that are still standing, many of which are almost completely intact.
One of the most important facts about concrete for the Romans was that it can be created underwater. As the Roman Empire grew, the Romans needed to take control of the seas and for this they needed to build harbours capable of holding a fleet of ships.
Pouring concrete mixture into the sea immediately started the hardening process and rather than just dissolving in the mass of water, the substance was tough and long-lasting. This strange characteristic of concrete made a significant contribution to the success of the Roman Empire.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
29,000 years
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết ceramics (gốm sứ) có từ bao giờ (Ceramics date back approximately .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''So how did it all begin?''



Theo người nói, ''Well it all started around 29.000 years ago when humans discovered that ...'' => Gốm sứ đã xuất hiện 29.000 năm trước. => Đáp án là 29,000 years.

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32
southern/south europe
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo mình cần tìm địa điểm có đồ gốm đầu tiên (The first figurines were made in the area of .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''what did those first humans do with their discovery?''



Đầu tiên mình nghe về activity, ''they created figurines which were small statues ...''



Sau đó mình mới nghe tới địa điểm, ''And all this activity was centred around southern Europe ...."

=> Những hoạt động này diễn ra ở miền Nam châu Âu. => Đáp án là southern/south Europe



Xem full giải thích
33
water
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết người tiền sử không dùng bình để đựng được gì (Early humans could not use their pots to store ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The early humans also found a practical use for their discovery, such as storing things like grain'' (nói về công dụng)



Sau đó mình nghe về nhược điểm của bình là ''The pots were porous (có lỗ hở) so that, although they could carry water in them, it wasn't possible to store it over a long period.''

=> Chúng không thể chứa nước được lâu. => Đáp án là water

Xem full giải thích
34
minerals
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem người TQ cải thiện đồ gốm bằng cách trộn clay với cái gì (by mixing ..... with the clay)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''..... it was many thousands of years before there were any improvements.''



Theo người nói, ''In China at around 200 BC they discovered that by adding minerals to the clay they could improve both the appearance and the strength of the ceramics.''

=> Họ cải thiện gốm bằng cách trộn đất sét với minerals. => Đáp án là minerals.



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35
white gold
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án của câu là cách gọi khác của porcelain (sứ)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ..... the process to produce high-quality ceramics known as porcelain.''



Sau khi giới thiệu về porcelain, người nói đưa thông tin là ''In fact, it became so valuable that it was known as white gold'' => Porcelain được ví như vàng trắng (white gold) vì quá quý giá. => Đáp án là white gold


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36
china stone
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết Bottger đã thêm quartz và cái gì vào clay để tạo nên porcelain (add quartz and .... to clay to make porcelain)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''A German alchemist called Johann Friedrich Bottger...''



Theo người nói, ''...., he discovered that by adding quartz and a material called china stone to very high-quality clay he managed to ...'' => Ông ấy đã tạo ra porcelain bằng cách thêm quartz và một nguyên liệu gọi là china stone vào clay. => Đáp án là china stone


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37
cooling (down)
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe glass production khác với clay ceramics ở cái rate gì (Glass production is similar to clay ceramics apart from the rate of ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The main difference between ceramics made from clay and glass ...''



Mình nghe được là ''The main difference between ceramics made from clay and glass is that clay is made up of crystalline plates which become locked together in the cooling process whereas glass cools too quickly for crystals to form.''

=> Với clay, trong quá trình cooling các crystals gắn chặt vào với nhau do clay nguội chậm, còn do glass nguội nhanh hơn nên crystals không thể hình thành. Như vậy sự khác biệt là tốc độ nguội của clayvà glass. => Đáp án là cooling (down)



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38
windows
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp là cần tìm là người Roman dùng glass để làm gì (The Romans introduced the use of glass to make ..... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The origins of glass date back to 3500 BC but it wasn't until the Roman Empire ...''



Mình nghe được là ''One of the more innovative uses was to use it in windows as, up until then, they had just been holes in walls.'' => Người Roman dùng glass để làm cửa sổ, còn trước đó chỉ là lỗ không trên tường thôi. => Đáp án là windows


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39
volcanic ash
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng của câu là người xưa phát hiện ra concrete nhờ quan sát reaction giữa water và gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The Romans were also responsible for inventing concrete.''



Đầu tiên mình nghe được là '' experts think that this is largely due to the high level of volcanic activity in the area.'' => Đáp án sẽ là một cái gì đó có liên quan tới hoạt động núi lửa.



Sau đó, ''The Romans observed that, when volcanic ash mixes with water and then cools, ...'' => Sự khám phá ra concrete có là nhờ quan sát bụi núi lửa trộn với nước (reaction) => Đáp án là volcanic ash

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40
harbours
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Cuối cùng, mình cần điền nhờ có thể xây cái gì mà người Roman thành công. (ability to buid large .... )



Theo người nói, "One of the most important facts about concrete for the Romans was that it can be created underwater" => Concrete có thể được tạo ra dưới nước



Sau đó người nói giải thích tại sao concrete giúp xây dựng cảng biển, ''Pouring concrete mixture into the sea immediately started the hardening process ...''



Cuối cùng người nói kết luận rằng, '' This strange characteristic of concrete made a significant contribution to the success of the Roman Empire.''

=> Tính chất cứng nhanh dưới nước phục vụ cho việc xây cảng đã dẫn đến sự thành công của Roman Empire. => Đáp án là harbours



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