IELTS Trainer - Listening Test 6 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test IELTS Trainer - Listening Test 6 được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Trainer với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
IELTS Trainer - Listening Test 6 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the table below. 
Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
HOSTELS

❓ Tapescript section 1

Hostels
00:00
Man:
Good morning. Can I help you?
Woman:
I hope so! I have a friend in Spain and her two daughters are coming to the city to study for a month. So I thought the Tourist Information Centre was the best place to ask about hostels. Can you recommend any?
Man:
Of course. Ah, I usually suggest one of the Hostelling International places. HI West End is a big hostel in a residential area, but it's only ten minutes from downtown if you take a bus. It's really popular.
Woman:
OK. Sounds good! I need to know how much it costs. The girls want a double room to themselves. They don't want to share with other people.
Man:
That makes it more expensive. The price is under $30 for a bed in a dormitory but they'll be paying $50 a night. But if they become members of Hostelling International, the price comes down to $41 a night. Membership costs $35.
Woman:
Right.
Man:
And membership offers them benefits too on all kinds of activities.
Woman:
Ah, what kind of things?
Man:
Oh, er, skydiving and white-water rafting. Things like that.
Woman:
Mm, I don't think they're interested in that kind of thing. If they become members, will they get cheaper entrance tickets to museums?
Man:
Oh, yes and also discounts on bicycle and car hire.
Woman:
OK. It's probably worth it. Is the hostel very noisy? They're coming here to do some studying.
Man:
Ah, I think it is quite noisy as it's a really big hostel. And if they want to use the Internet this hostel still makes a charge unfortunately. It's $1 for 15 minutes and $3 for an hour.
Woman:
Mm … it might not be ideal for them. What else can you recommend? Is there anything in a quiet area?
Man:
There's Elliscoat Hostel.
Woman:
Mm, how do you spell that?
Man:
E-L-L-I-S-C-O-A-T.
Woman:
I've never heard that name before. And where is that?
Man:
It's on the beach looking over the bay. Here, look on the map. It's quiet but not far from Dragon Island – there's plenty going on there in the evening.
Woman:
Oh, that's a nice area. And if they want to go to Dragon Island it only takes a couple of minutes to walk down to the ferry. So how much is a room there?
Man:
It's in such a nice spot that the rooms are a bit more expensive. They're $62.
Woman:
Does that include any meals?
Man:
Unfortunately not. It is possible to buy meals in the hostel at a reasonable price but because it isn't very busy in the winter, they only cook in summer.
Woman:
Oh, I think I know the place you mean. It's an old building, isn't it?
Man:
Yes, it's well known as it's one of the oldest in the city. There's been a hotel there since 1887 when it was first built. It was turned into a hostel in 1985 and they've invested a lot of money restoring it inside.
Woman:
Mm, they'd like that but I'm just looking on the map at where their college is – it's right in the centre. It is a bit far for them from there.
Man:
The hostel actually has scooters for hire at a very good price. So they could do that. Er, it would be quicker than cycling or walking to the centre.
Woman:
Mm, it is a bit expensive … But it sounds like the best one so far unless there's something a bit cheaper?
Man:
OK. Er, well, what about the Backpackers Hostel? That's not so expensive. It's in a side street in the entertainment district. They wouldn't need to go far to find everything they want – they could walk everywhere. And it's very reasonable. Only $45 and another $5 if they want to have breakfast.
Woman:
Mm, but what about other meals?
Man:
There's no café but on each floor in this hostel there's a kitchen for residents to cook in. I'm not sure how well equipped they are but it should be fine for basic meals.
Woman:
Well, that's really very helpful. I'll pass all this information on now. .
Man:
Do ask your friends to ring me if they need to know anything else.
Woman:
I will. Thank you.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
41
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về giá phòng của nhà nghỉ dành cho thành viên ($50 per night but only $ ... for members)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''I need to know how much it costs.''

Đầu tiên, ''The price is under $30 for a bed in a dormitory but they'll be paying $50 a night.''

=> Giá của một giường là 30$ nhưng cả hai sẽ chỉ trả 50$ một tối.

Sau đó, ''But if they become members of Hostelling International, the price comes down to $41 a night. Membership costs $35.''

=> Nếu họ trở thành thành viên thì giá còn 41$, còn giá để đăng ký thành viên là 35$ => Loại 35

=> Đáp án là 41


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2
Museums
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết là thành viên thì được giảm giá khi vào đâu (Membership card offers discount on entry to .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And membership offers them benefits too on all kinds of activities.''

Người phụ nữ hỏi là ''If they become members, will they get cheaper entrance tickets to museums?'' (cheaper tickets chính là discount, giảm giá) và người đàn ông trả lời là đúng

=> Họ sẽ được giảm giá vé vào bảo tàng. => Đáp án là museums



Ở sau người đàn ông có nói thêm là '' ... also discounts on bicycle and car hire.''

=> Mình cũng sẽ được giảm giá thuê xe đạp và ô tô, tuy nhiên mình tìm discount on entry => Loại bicycle và car



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3
Hour
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem truy cập internet thì tốn $3 mỗi gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And if they want to use the Internet, this hostel still makes a charge unfortunately.''

Mình nghe được là ''It's $1 for 15 minutes and $3 for an hour.''

=> Dùng 15 phút thì mất 1$ còn một tiếng là 3$ => Loại minute

=> Đáp án là hour


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4
Elliscoat
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe tên nhà nghỉ

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''What else can you recommend?''

Người nói đưa ra tên đầy đủ là ''There's Elliscoat Hostel.'' rồi đánh vần để mình điền, ''E-L-L-I-S-C-O-A-T.''

=> Đáp án là Elliscoat



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5
Ferry
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Câu này là về địa điểm của nhà nghỉ (Near beach. Two minutes walk to ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''And where is that?''(hỏi vị trí)

Theo người phụ nữ, ''And if they want to go to Dragon Island, it only takes a couple of minutes to walk down to the ferry.''

=> Mình chỉ mất vài phút để đi bộ tới bến phà. => Đáp án là ferry



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6
Summer
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng là bữa ăn (Meals extra but only available in ....)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Does that include any meals?''

Mình nghe được là '' It is possible to buy meals in the hostel at a reasonable price but because it isn't very busy in the winter, they only cook in summer.''

=> Do mùa đông không đông khách lắm nên meals chỉ có vào mùa hè. => Đáp án là summer



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7
1887
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Câu này hỏi về năm hotel được xây (Was built as a hotel in ....)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' It's an old building, isn't it?'' (từ câu này mình cũng biết được là nhà nghỉ đã được xây từ rất lâu rồi)

Theo người nói, ''There's been a hotel there since 1887 when it was first built.''

=> Nó được xây là một khách sạn vào năm 1887.

Ngoài ra, ''It was turned into a hostel in 1985 and they've invested a lot of money restoring it inside.''

=> Còn năm 1985 là năm nó được chuyển thành nhà nghỉ => Loại 1985

=> Đáp án là 1887


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8
scooter(s)
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết có thể thuê được gì ở nhà nghỉ. (Can hire ... from hostel)
MÌnh nghe đươc là ''The hostel actually has scooters for hire at a very good price.''

=> Họ có thể thuê được xe máy. => Đáp án là scooter(s)



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9
Entertainment
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo mình cần nghe địa điểm của Backpackers Hostel (in .... district)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''OK. Er, well, what about the Backpackers Hostel?''

Theo người nói, '' It's in a side street in the entertainment district.''

=> Nó nằm trong entertainment district => Đáp án là entertainment



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10
Kitchen
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



MÌnh cần nghe về một tiện ích mà mỗi tầng đều có.
Theo người nói, ''There's no café but on each floor in this hostel there's a kitchen for residents to cook in.''

=> Nhà nghỉ không có quán cà phê nhưng mỗi tầng đều có nhà bếp để mọi người nấu. => Đáp án là kitchen



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 15
Label the map below. 
Choose FIVE answers from the box and write the correct letter A-H.
IT_L6_S2_Selmone Public Library_NoOpt.png
11
12
13
14
15
A
biography
B
fiction
C
magazines
D
newspapers
E
non-fiction
F
photocopiers
G
reference books
H
study area
Question 16 - 20
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
16
After two years, library members have to
A
show proof of their current address.
B
pay for a new membership card.
C
bring a passport or identity card into the library.
17
What happens if you reserve a book?
A
It will be available after five days.
B
You can collect It a week later.
C
You will be contacted when it is available.
18
Which materials can be borrowed for one week only?
A
some reference books
B
CD-ROMs
C
children’s DVDs
19
On which day does the library stay open later than it used to?
A
Wednesday
B
Saturday
C
Sunday
20
Large bags should be left on the
A
first floor.
B
second floor.
C
third floor.

❓ Tapescript section 2

Selmone Public Library
00:00
Welcome to the Selmore Public Library which has just been reopened after major refurbishment. This tour will introduce you to the building and its services. At any time you can stop the tour. We enter by the café and our tour begins at the issue desk.
If you stand between the information desk and the issue desk and look at the opposite wall, you will see shelves of books in the left-hand corner. This is where you will find a large number of novels and short stories.
They are arranged alphabetically. If you're looking for something in particular and it's not on the shelf you can reserve it. The next area, directly opposite the issue desk, is a section where people can study.
The library provides computers for users free of charge on the next floor beside the reference books but this area is for people to use their own laptops. You should ask for the internet passcode at the information desk.
In the right-hand corner of this floor there is a café. A selection of daily newspapers is always available there but you can also take magazines into the café to read while you have a drink. You will find these on the racks to the left of the café and there is a large selection.
They are for reference only and cannot be borrowed but you are welcome to photocopy any articles of interest. We ask you to return them when you have finished. You are not allowed to take fiction or any other books from the shelves into the café.
Next to the café is the exit door leading to the stairs and escalator to the other floors. The largest collection of books in the library is fiction and the next largest is non–fiction which is in the corner of this floor opposite the café.
These can all be borrowed as opposed to the reference books on the next floor, most of which cannot be taken out of the library – but they can be photocopied. There are several photocopiers available for this purpose downstairs in the basement.
To one side of the issue desk is a door leading onto a gallery. This was added to the library as a public space where talks are given once a week on a Saturday by visiting authors of both fiction and non-fiction. It also houses the biography section. There are notices advertising the talks in the study area.
Any books that you want to borrow should be taken to the issue desk. Before we leave this floor I will give you some information about using the library. There are also helpful notices by the information desk.
To join the library and take books out, you need a membershiafterp card. Take your passport or identity card, as well as proof of your home address, to the information desk and you will be issued with a card.
After a period of two years, all readers are required to go to the desk with a document that has their name and current address on it so the library can keep up-to-date records of where people are living.
There's no need to show a passport again and there is no charge for this but any lost cards are charged at £5.
If you can't find the book you want on the shelves, you can reserve it. If it's in another library in the city, we can usually get it for you within a week. If someone else has borrowed it, it can take a few weeks.
Either wav, we notify you by phone or email when the item is available to be picked up. We will hold it for you for five days.
Books can be borrowed for fourteen days and can be renewed for a further two weeks.
Children's books also have a two-week borrowing period. The same system exists for CD-ROMs and CDs but DVDs, both children's and adults', can only be borrowed for UP to seven days.
It isn't possible to renew them. Some reference books can be borrowed but normally only for one day, so 24 hours.
The library opening hours have been changed slightly. Instead of opening late on Wednesday evenings till 8pm, we will be closing at 6, as on other weekdays, but we will close at 7 instead of 5.30 on Saturdays and – a new development – we are going to open on Sunday mornings from next month – 9 to 1.
We are closed on public holidays and notices are posted in the library about these.
Before you go upstairs, please note that if you are going to the exhibition area on the third floor, large bags are not allowed. There are lockers beside the reference area on the second floor where you can deposit them. If you need change, you can get that from the information desk on the first floor.
Now press 'pause' and proceed to the second floor. When you reach the top of the stairs press 'play'.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Với vị trí số 11, đầu tiên người nói miêu tả vị trí, ''If you stand between the information desk and the issue desk and look at the opposite wall, you will see shelves of books in the left-hand corner.'' (đối diện information desk và issue desk)

=> Mình biết đáp án sẽ tới



Từ câu này bạn cũng lưu ý một thông tin quan trọng là mình sẽ nhìn hướng các phòng từ issue desk là vị trí xuất phát.



Sau đó, ''This is where you will find a large number of novels and short stories.''

=> Đây là nơi có tiểu thuyết và truyện ngắn (hay nói ngắn gọn là fiction books, sách viễn tưởng) => Đáp án là B



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12
H
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tới vị trí tiếp theo, mình nghe được là ''The next area ...''

=> Đáp án sẽ tới.



Theo người nói, ''The next area, directly opposite the issue desk, is a section where people can study.''

=> Vị trí số 12 là nơi mọi người có thể học, tức study area (khu vực học tập) => Đáp án là H



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13
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo, người nói nhắc tới vị trí quán cafe, ''In the right-hand corner of this floor there is a café.'' và nói rằng đã có báo ở đây cho mình đọc, ''A selection of daily newspapers is always available there ...''

=> Ở vị trí 13 sẽ không có báo nữa (bạn lưu ý mình đang nhìn từ issue desk) => Loại đáp án D



Sau đó magazines được nhắc tới và vị trí của chúng là ''You will find these on the racks to the left of the café''

=> Magazines nằm ở bên trái quán cafe (tức vị trí số 13, mình đang nhìn từ issue desk) => Đáp án là C



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14
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đây là vị trí số 14

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Next to the café is the exit door leading to the stairs and escalator to the other floors'' (người nói đang nhắc tới khoảng trống giữa quán cafe và số 14, do đó mình biết sau đó người nói sẽ chuyển sang số 14)



Theo người nói, ''The largest collection of books in the library is fiction and the next largest is non–fiction which is in the corner of this floor opposite the café.''

=> Khu vực sách non-fiction (phi hư cấu) nằm đối diện quán cafe (tức số 14) => Đáp án là E



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15
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đầu tiên, người nói nhắc tới photocopiers, ''There are several photocopiers available for this purpose downstairs in the basement.''

=> Chúng không nằm ở tầng này => Loại đáp án F





Sau đó người nói mới nhắc tới gallery (vị trí số 15 nằm ở đây), ''To one side of the issue desk is a door leading onto a gallery.''

=> Mình biết đáp án sẽ tới.



Ngoài việc là nơi có những buổi trò chuyện, ''It also houses the biography section.''

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16
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem sau 2 năm, các thành viên thư viện phải làm gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''To join the library and take books out, you need a membership card.''





Mình nghe thấy ''After a period of two years, all readers are required to go to the desk with a document that has their name and current address''

=> Vậy sau 2 năm mình cần đem lại proof of address (giấy tờ có tên mình và địa chỉ thường trú) => Đáp án là A



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17
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem sẽ như thế nào nếu mình đặt sách => Đáp án sẽ có sau ''If you can't find the book you want on the shelves, you can reserve it. ''

Đầu tiên, ''If it's in another library in the city, we can usually get it for you within a week. If someone else has borrowed it, it can take a few weeks''

=> Thời gian có sách không cố định trong vòng một tuần, nếu có người khác mượn sẽ kéo dài lên nhiều tuần => Loại đáp án B



Cuối cùng, ''Either wav, we notify you by phone or email when the item is available to be picked up.''

=> Dù gì đi chăng nữa thì mình cũng sẽ được contact (qua điện thoại hoặc email) khi có sách => Đáp án là C



Xem full giải thích
18
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái gì chỉ được mượn trong 1 tuần thôi

Biết đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe, ''Books can be borrowed for fourteen days and can be renewed for a further two weeks.'' (đề cập tới giới hạn thời gian mượn)

Tiếp theo, về CD-ROMs, ''The same system exists for CD-ROMs and CDs''

=> Tức CD-ROMs và CDs cũng được mượn tới 14 ngày giống sách => Loại đáp án B

Nhưng với DVDs, ''but DVDs, both children's and adults', can only be borrowed for UP to seven days.''

Xem full giải thích
19
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ngày nào library đóng cửa trễ hơn bình thường

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The library opening hours have been changed slightly.''

Đầu tiên, ''Instead of opening late on Wednesday evenings till 8pm, we will be closing at 6, as on other weekdays,''

=> Trước đây thì nó mở muộn vào thứ Tư (tới 8pm) nhưng giờ thì nó sẽ đóng cửa vào 6pm như các ngày thường => Loại đáp án A



Tuy nhiên, ''but we will close at 7 instead of 5.30 on Saturdays''

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20
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem những cái túi lớn thì phải đặt ở đâu

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ... large bags are not allowed.''

Theo người nói, ''There are lockers beside the reference area on the second floor where you can deposit them.''

=> Mình cần cất túi to ở tầng 2 (reference area) => Đáp án là B



Xem full giải thích

Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 25
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
Why did Anita and Lee choose to talk about John Chapman?
A
He was Lee’s childhood hero.
B
They wanted to talk about the USA.
C
He was relevant to the topic of their studies.
22
Where did the students record their sources of information?
A
on their laptops
B
on a handout
C
on a database
23
The tutor claims she does not understand whether
A
apples grew in America before Europeans arrived.
B
the Native Americans had always eaten apples.
C
American apples were first bred in Europe.
24
The tutor says the audience was particularly interested to hear about
A
grafting techniques in ancient China.
B
the cultivation of apples in Kazakhstan.
C
the spread of apples along the Silk Route.
25
How will Anita and Lee present their follow-up work?
A
on the department website
B
as a paper
C
as a poster
Question 26 - 30
What do Lee and Anita agree about their presentation skills with their tutor?
 Write the correct letter A, B or C
List of Findings
A
excellent
B
acceptable
C
poor
26
use of equipment
27
handling software
28
timing of sections
29
design of handout
30
clarity of speech

❓ Tapescript section 3

Presentation About John Chapman
00:00
Tutor:
Well, Anita and Lee. That was an interesting presentation you made about John Chapman. There are a few points I'd like to run through before you write it up.
Tutor:
One thing which you didn't explain was why you decided to do a presentation on this man who spread apple varieties across the US?
Anita:
Well, ages ago, we were chatting about stuff we'd read as children, and I told Lee the Johnny Appleseed story – I had these American story books when I was small.
Anita:
Then when we were looking into the area of domesticated species of plants for our presentation, we realised that the introduction of the apple with the settlers in the US would be a good case study …
Lee:
And I remembered Chapman, so we looked up the real guy behind the legend.
Tutor:
Right. I think that would have made a good Intro.
Anita:
I thought it was too personal.
Tutor:
Just a couple of minutes would have drawn your listeners in. Anyway. Now a more serious point. You didn’t mention the sources of some of your information.
Lee:
We used some books and journal articles and did an internet search and found some good sites.
Anita:
We’ve put them on the back of the handout we gave everyone at the end.
Tutor:
Ah, let me see. Oh. here it is. Johnny Appleseed: Man and Myth, 1967. Well, the thing is. you really have to make this explicit when you talk. And anything you show, data you project from your laptop, etc., you must have the source on it.
Anita:
Right, OK.
Tutor:
At least you have got it all documented. I was a bit concerned about that.
Anita:
Sorry.
Tutor:
Anyway. Now, the content of your talk. What your listeners wanted to understand was whether there were apples in the US before the Europeans started to live there.
Tutor:
You told us the early settlers had brought young apple trees but that few of them had thrived because the climate was harsh, but what about native species? I don’t think you were very clear about species already there.
Lee:
Um, according to what I’ve read, there were some crab apples, but that was all. Everything that people now think of as traditional American apples, were species that the Europeans either introduced or bred by chance.
Anita:
Because they tended to sow seeds rather than use grafting.
Tutor:
Yes, quite. But what to me was fascinating – and I saw most members of your audience start to take notes – was when you discussed how the apple genes spread via the Silk Route into Europe from the wild apple woods of Kazakhstan.
Lee:
Yes, well. I'd like to have said more about the development of grafting in ancient China, as a way of producing predictable varieties. It was so early in history!
Tutor:
But it's the natural development of the original wild apple into new species that people wanted more about. Which says a lot for your presentation. You enthused your audience!
Tutor:
So, now we need to discuss the form your follow–up work will take. Are you going to produce a paper? Or are you thinking of putting it all up on the department website?
Anita:
Um, I felt we could do both. And we could do a poster of some of the data. But Lee wasn’t sure.
Lee:
No. I think it would be enough to use the website.We can offer a link to our email for queries. That would save time and trees!
Tutor:
I think Lee's right. A poster would be nice, but it'd take too much time.
Anita:
OK.
Tutor:
Now I just want to give you a few pointers about the techniques of your presentation. Mostly it was good, but there are a few things you need to bear in mind next time you do one. You both managed the hardware. I mean the projector and things, very well indeed, which is always a great help.
Anita:
Good.
Lee:
Thanks.
Tutor:
You'd obviously checked it out carefully.
Lee:
Yes. But unfortunately we hadn't finished our maps when we did the practice on my computer at home, that's why there were some the wrong way up.
Anita:
We didn’t realise the software on the laptop was a bit different from the one I have.
Tutor:
But you sorted out the problem very quickly and didn’t let it fluster you, so it wasn't a big problem. We could all read the map when we needed to.
Anita:
So it was OK. but we could have done better, we realise.
Tutor:
Mm. There was a bit at the end where I felt something didn't go as you’d planned – am I right?
Lee:
We had a few maps which we ended up leaving out, because we needed to get on to our conclusions.
Anita:
Yes, it took longer to explain the technical aspects of grafting than we'd expected.
Lee:
So sticking to the time limit for each part of our presentation is something we didn't manage at all. Which means we’ve definitely got to improve before we do another one.
Anita:
Yes.
Tutor:
Apart from that, well, the handout was perfectly, adequate for a seminar like this, it gave all the kev information, and, of course, now I realise the sources are listed at the back. But you need to do those references in the correct format, as footnotes, in. future.
Anita:
OK.
Lee:
Yes, sorry, we will.
Tutor:
And finally, other students will be presenting projects later in the course. I shall be reminding them how well you both spoke and that no one had any problem hearing or understanding either of you. In that respect your talk was a model that the others can follow.
Lee:
Oh. thank you.
Anita:
Yes, thanks very much. This feedback has been very helpful. Tutor Well done, both of you. See you in a fortnight.
Anita:
Bye. Thanks.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần biết lý do họ chọn John Chapman

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ... why you decided to do a presentation on this man who spread apple varieties across the US?''

Đầu tiên, '' ... and I told Lee the Johnny Appleseed story – I had these American story books when I was small.''

=> Đây là chuyện Anita nghe từ nhỏ, không phải Lee (Jonny Appleseed là John Chapman) => Loại đáp án A



Sau đó, ''when we were looking into the area of domesticated species of plants for our presentation, we realised that the introduction of the apple with the settlers in the US would be a good case study ''

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22
B
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Giải thích chi tiết



Câu này là về nơi họ trích dẫn nguồn thông tin

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' You didn’t mention the sources of some of your information.''

Lee nói là '' We used some books and journal articles and did an internet search and found some good sites.''

=> Chỉ mới nói tới nguồn họ lấy thông tin là từ sách, bài viết và sites (hay nói chung là database) => Chưa đề cập là nơi họ trích dẫn nguồn đó

Sau đó, Anita đưa thông tin là ''We’ve put them on the back of the handout we gave everyone at the end.''

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23
A
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe giáo viên không hiểu điều gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Anyway. Now, the content of your talk.'' (đề cập nội dung -> có thể nói về phần không hiểu)

Giáo viên nói là ''What your listeners wanted to understand was whether there were apples in the US before the Europeans started to live there.'' (ứng với đáp án A) và nhận xét là ''I don’t think you were very clear about species already there.''

=> Về việc đã có táo ở Mỹ trước khi người châu Âu tới chưa thì họ chưa nói rõ (do đó giáo viên chưa hiểu phần này) => Đáp án là A



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24
C
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết phần nào mà người nghe hứng thú nhất

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''But what to me was fascinating – and I saw most members of your audience start to take notes ... (take notes, ghi chép, là hành động thể hiện sự hứng thú)

Theo giáo viên, ''was when you discussed how the apple genes spread via the Silk Route into Europe from the wild apple woods of Kazakhstan.''

=> Vậy điều mà người nghe hứng thú là việc táo được vận chuyển trên con đường tơ lụa từ Kazakhstan. => Đáp án là C



Giáo viên không nhắc chi tiết tới việc trồng táo ở Kazakhstan

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25
A
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Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng của câu là follow-up paper

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''So, now we need to discuss the form your follow–up work will take.''

Giáo viên suggest hai cách là website và paper, ''Are you going to produce a paper? Or are you thinking of putting it all up on the department website?''

Còn Anita suggest thêm là họ làm poster, ''And we could do a poster of some of the data.''

Tuy nhiên, Lee nói là ''I think it would be enough to use the website'' và giáo viên và Anita đồng tình

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26
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Phần đầu tiên là việc sử dụng trang thiết bị.

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "...about the techniques of your presentation" (kỹ thuật thuyết trình)

Mình nghe được là ''You both managed the hardware. I mean the projector and things, very well indeed''

=> Họ sử dụng các thiết bị như projector và hardware (= equipment) tốt. => Đáp án là A



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27
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo là về việc sử dụng phần mềm

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''We didn’t realise the software on the laptop was a bit different from the one I have.''

Theo giáo viên, ''But you sorted out the problem very quickly and didn’t let it fluster you, so it wasn't a big problem. We could all read the map when we needed to.''

=> Dù có vấn đề nhưng họ vẫn xử lý được kịp thời và họ vẫn xem được bản đồ khi cần (tức là việc dùng phần mềm chấp nhận được Anita cũng có nói là ''So it was OK'' => Đáp án là B



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28
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Tiếp theo là việc tính thời gian cho các phần



Đầu tiên, Lee nói về vấn đề là ''We had a few maps which we ended up leaving out, because we needed to get on to our conclusions.''

=> Do thiếu thời gian nên họ phải skip một vài maps, tức Lee đang nói về timing of sections => Mình biết đáp án sẽ tới.

Sau đó Lee nhận xét rằng ''So sticking to the time limit for each part of our presentation is something we didn't manage at all.'' => Họ hoàn toàn không làm tốt việc căn thời gian các phần (did't manage at all) và Anita đồng tình. => Đáp án là C


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29
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đây là về việc thiết kế của handouts

=> Khi mình nghe ''Apart from that'' (ngoài ra) là mình biết đáp án sẽ tới.

Giáo viên nhận xét là ''the handout was perfectly adequate for a seminar like this, it gave all the key information, and, of course, now I realise the sources are listed at the back.''

=> Cách thiết kế của handout tốt (nó cung cấp tất cả thông tin quan trọng)

Tuy nhiên vẫn có mặt cần cải thiện, ''But you need to do those references in the correct format, as footnotes, in future.''

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30
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng cuối cùng clarity của bài thuyết trình

=> Mình biết đáp án sẽ tới khi mình nghe thấy từ nối ''And finally''

Giáo viên khen gián tiếp là ''I shall be reminding them how well you both spoke and that no one had any problem hearing or understanding either of you.''

=> Họ nói rất tốt và tất cả mọi người đều hiểu cả hai.

Giáo viên còn nhấn mạnh là ''In that respect your talk was a model that the others can follow.''

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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the table below. 
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer.
INVESTIGATING TASTE

❓ Tapescript section 4

Investigating Taste
00:00
This morning I'm going to describe for you a few of the kinds of experiments that have been used to investigate the sense of taste, which is now recognised as being a far more complex and important area of neurological science than was previously believed by most people.
The results of some of these experiments can be quite fun and I shall suggest that you may want to choose one or two to try out in groups before having a go at designing a new experimental procedure of your own and trying to pinpoint the cause of your findings.
The first one concerns a marketing exercise by a soft drinks company. The green colour of some cans was altered by the addition of yellow, so they were a brighter green.
Then test subjects were asked what they thought about the flavour of the drink in the new-style cans, and they stated that there was more lime in the drink if it was in the ones with the new colour.
This was because the brain picks up cues from the way the product is presented, as well as the product itself, which trigger taste sensations. Before food was packaged, humans used colour to gauge the ripeness of fruit, for example.
Next there's the old problem with chewing gum. Everyone knows that after a few minutes’ chewing it loses its minty flavour. However, if you ask people to chew up to the point where it becomes tasteless, and then ask them to eat a little sugar and continue chewing, to most people's surprise, what happens is that the original mintiness actually returns because it is the sweetness which is needed to make the mintiness perceptible.
So combinations of flavours can be significant, as the brain needs one of them in order to recognise the other. Another experiment demonstrates something we’ve all done.
Drink half a fizzy drink straight from the fridge and then leave it at room temperature for a while. Take a sip and you may well decide you don't like it. The warm drink is too sweet to be refreshing.
So put the rest back in the fridge until it’s chilled again. Now try it. Much better. Of course the sweetness doesn't change, it is our perception, because how sweet it tastes depends on the temperature. The extent to which the drink is sweetened is less evident if the drink has been cooled.
Another interesting result has been derived from experiments with sound. One of these involved eating crisps. Subjects were put into soundproof rooms and given batches of crisps to eat.
As they ate, the sound of crunching which they made as they ate the crisps was played back to them. This was adjusted so that they sometimes heard the crunching as louder, or, at other times, more high–frequency sounds were audible in the sound feedback that accompanied their eating.
Fascinatingly, if the sound level was louder or higher frequency they reported that the crisps were actually fresher. Of course, the crisps were in fact the same every time! So, it was clear that the level and quality of what they were hearing was influencing their taste perceptions.
So, we've looked briefly at colour, at complementary flavours, at temperature and sound. It seems that all the senses are working together here, but what about the sense of touch? A number of experiments have been done in this area.
If you take, for instance, cheese sauce and prepare different versions, some thicker and some thinner, but without any alteration in the strength of flavour, what do you think the subjects perceive? Yup, if the sauce is thicker, they'll say the cheesy flavour is less strong.
It was clear that the thing that was influencing the subjects' judgement about the flavour of the sauces was the texture of each one. Now, this result is important for dietitians as well as marketing executives.
Lastly, another variation on the two flavours theme. This concerns the capacity of the brain for bridging a sensory gap. The subjects in this experiment stuck out their tongues so that the testers could drip two liquids onto them simultaneously, one strawberry flavoured and one sugar flavoured.
The testers then took away each flavour in turn. When the sweetness was taken away, the subjects reported they could hardly taste anything, but they continued to think they could taste strawberry even after it was taken away! So that taste gap was filled.
Well, that's just a quick look at some of the examples in the current literature. The references will be in the handout you'll get at the end of the session. Now let's see about trying a few of them for ourselves.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
Cans
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem họ thêm màu vàng vào màu xanh của cái gì (more yellow added to green colour of ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The first one concerns a marketing exercise by a soft drinks company''

Theo người nói, 'The green colour of some cans was altered by the addition of yellow, so they were a brighter green.''

=> Màu xanh của cans được thêm màu vàng để có màu sáng hơn => Đáp án là cans



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32
Lime
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo là về kết quả của thí nghiệm này (subjects believed extra .... added to drink)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' Then test subjects were asked what they thought ...''

Vậy test subjects nói rằng, ''and they stated that there was more lime in the drink if it was in the ones with the new colour.''

=> Do cans có màu xanh sáng hơn nên họ nghĩ nước uống có nhiều lime hơn. => Đáp án là lime

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33
Tasteless
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Giải thích chi tiết



Đây là thử nghiệm thứ hai và đối tượng là gum (gum chewed until it is .... then again with sugar)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Next there's the old problem with chewing gum.''

Mình nghe được là ''However, if you ask people to chew up to the point where it becomes tasteless, and then ask them to eat a little sugar and continue chewing''

=> Thử nghiệm này bắt người ta nhai kẹo cao su đến khi mất vị, rồi bảo họ nhai tiếp với đường. => Đáp án là tasteless





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34
Returns
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về kết quả của thử nghiệm chewing gum này (mint flavor ... )
Mình nghe được là ''to most people's surprise, what happens is that the original mintiness actually returns''

=> Vị bạc hà trở lại (mint flavor đồng nghĩa với mintiness) => Đáp án là returns



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35
Warn
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về kết quả của thử nghiệm thứ ba (....drink seems sweeter)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Another experiment demonstrates something we’ve all done.''

Đầu tiên, người nói giải thích về thử nghiệm này, ''Drink half a fizzy drink straight from the fridge ...''

=> Mình sẽ uống một thức uống khi vừa lấy ra từ tủ lạnh, sau đó bỏ ngoài một lúc cho nó ấm lên rồi uống tiếp.

Vậy kết quả là ''The warm drink is too sweet to be refreshing.''

=> Đồ uống ấm trở nên ngọt hơn => Đáp án là warm



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36
soundproof/soundproofed
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Giải thích chi tiết



Đây là thử nghiệm thứ tư (crisps eaten in rooms which were ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Another interesting result has been derived from experiments with sound.''

Theo người nói, ''Subjects were put into soundproof rooms and given batches of crisps to eat.''

=> Họ sẽ ăn crisps trong phòng cách âm. => Đáp án là soundproof



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37
Fresher
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Giải thích chi tiết



MÌnh cần biết kết quả của thí nghiệm này (with louder crunch, subjects believed crisps taste ... )
Mình nghe được là ''Fascinatingly, if the sound level was louder or higher frequency they reported that the crisps were actually fresher.''

=> Nếu sound level to hơn hoặc có tần số cao thì subjects sẽ nói là crisps tươi hơn và ngon hơn. => Đáp án là fresher



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38
texture / thickness
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái gì ảnh hưởng tới taste perceptions (.....affects taste perceptions)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''It seems that all the senses are working together here, but what about the sense of touch?''

Đúng theo thứ tự, người nói sẽ miêu tả thử nghiệm trước, ''If you take, for instance, cheese sauce and prepare different versions ...''

Rồi nói về kết quả, ''Yup, if the sauce is thicker, they'll say the cheesy flavour is less strong.''

Cuối cùng người nói mới giải thích lý do, ''It was clear that the thing that was influencing the subjects' judgement about the flavour of the sauces was the texture of each one.''

=> Cái mà ảnh hưởng tới nhận xét của subjects về vị là texture của sauce đó. => Đáp án là texture



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39
Liquids
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết