IELTS Trainer - Listening Test 4 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test IELTS Trainer - Listening Test 4 được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Trainer với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
IELTS Trainer - Listening Test 4 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the table below. 
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
MEGEQUIP CUSTOMER DETAILS
MEGEQUIP CUSTOMER ORDER

❓ Tapescript section 1

Megequip Customer Detail
00:00
Sally:
Good afternoon. Megequip. This is Sally speaking. How may I help you?
Oskar:
Oh hello. Um, I’d like to order some items from your catalogue.
Sally:
Yes. Are you an existing customer?
Oskar:
Er, no. I’ve only just moved here from South Africa. But I picked up your winter catalogue in the city centre yesterday.
Sally:
Fine. The winter catalogue is our current one. As you’re a new customer, I need to take a few details from you.
Oskar:
Sure.
Sally:
Your name is?
Oskar:
Oskar Greening. That’s Oskar with a ‘K*.
Sally:
O-S-K-A-R?
Oskar:
Yes.
Sally:
Greening. And your address?
Oskar:
Um, York Terrace.
Sally:
Here in the city?
Oskar:
Yes.
Sally:
What number?
Oskar:
It’s flat. Number 52C.
Sally:
C. Got that. And would that be the same address for delivery?
Oskar:
Um, no, actually, I’m out all day. But my neighbour can take delivery at number 5 York Avenue. It’s just around the corner.
Sally:
OK, fine, number 5, I’ve got that. And will you be paying by debit card or credit card?
Oskar:
Well, er, I don’t have any cards yet. I’ll have some shortly but I want these things this week if possible. Could I come to the store and pay cash in advance?
Sally:
Well, I guess so. I’ll make a note. I’m afraid that payment method doesn’t entitle you to a discount.
Oskar:
No, I didn’t expect one for that. But what about my address? It says on the cover of the catalogue.
Sally:
Oh yes, you’re right. Of course, York Terrace is within the city so you get free delivery and 5% discount on your order.
Oskar:
Oh, good.
Sally:
So what would you like to order? You have our current catalogue, you say?
Oskar:
Yes. I need three things for the room where I study – my office, I guess. Um, the most urgent is a desk lamp. Is your catalogue, number 664 in stock?
Sally:
664? That’s, um, not ‘Home Office’? It’s in the ‘Living’ section of the catalogue?
Oskar:
It is. I want a small one that clips onto the edge of the desk.
Sally:
Yes, no problem. In which colour?
Oskar:
I’d like the greyish–coloured one, please.
Sally:
Oh you mean the shade we call ‘slate’. Yes, it’s a nice colour.
Oskar:
And, um, I wondered, could I get that when I come in to pay rather than waiting for delivery? I really need to be able to read at night and the lights in this flat are useless.
Sally:
Yes, I’m sure that’ll be OK. I’ll note down that’s – ‘customer will collect’. What else did you want?
Oskar:
Well, I need a chair which gives good support when I’m using my computer. I saw one in your ‘Home Office’ section and I think it would suit me. It’s on page 45, item number, oh, um, 129.
Sally:
Um, yes?
Oskar:
And it’s fully adjustable, isn’t it?
Sally:
Let me see. Height, yes, back, yes, I’m not sure about the arms though.
Oskar:
Oh, that could be a problem … I’m very tall.
Sally:
What about 131 on the same page? That has adjustable arms, seat, everything!
Oskar:
But can I get that in the same colour. I mean the green, like the one it shows?
Sally:
Oh. They all come in the full range of colours.
Oskar:
OK. so I’ll go for 131 in green then.
Sally:
Mm … I think you’ll like that. My brother’s very tall and he uses one. We can make sure there’s one on the delivery van to you early next week.
Oskar:
Oh good, thanks. And so, lastly, I need a filing cabinet for my documents. A little filing cabinet. With two drawers?
Sally:
OK. Two drawers. Do you want the ordinary one or the lockable one? It’s an extra twenty pounds.
Oskar:
Sorry, what’s that?
Sally:
You can have it with a lock, which is more secure.
Oskar:
Oh, yes, please.
Sally:
OK … so that’s number 153.
Oskar:
It doesn’t by any chance come in slate, does it?
Sally:
Well, it’s similar. But the commercial office furniture doesn’t come in so many shades.
Oskar:
So it’s grey?
Sally:
That’s right.
Oskar:
Fine, that’ll do.
Sally:
Now, about delivery. The two items will probably come at different times as we have the chair in stock here so our van will bring it, as I said. The filing cabinet will be coming directly from London, so – today’s the 29th of September, say, not more than four days, that’ll be delivered on or before the 3rd of October. You’ll have them both within four days.
Oskar:
That’s fine. I’ll drop in tomorrow morning to pay and get the lamp. Um, thanks for all your help.
Sally:
Thank you for your order. Let me know if we can do anything else for you.
Oskar:
Thank you. I will. Bye.
Sally:
Bye.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
Oskar
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là tên (Name: .... Greening)

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "Your name is?"

Nghe thấy khách trả lời "Oskar Greeening. that's Oskar with a K"

Sau đó Sally hỏi lại để kiểm tra "O-S-K-A-R?" thì khách xác nhận là đúng

=> Đáp án là Oskar



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2
52C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là địa chỉ của Oskar (Address: ......York Terrace)

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "And your address?"



Nghe thấy "Um, York Terrace"

Sally hỏi tiếp "What number?"

Oskar trả lời là "It's flat. number 52C"

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3
Avenue
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem địa chỉ giao hàng là gì (Delivery address: 5, York ....)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And would that be the same address for delivery?"

Nghe thấy my neighbor can take delivery at number 5 York Avenue

=> Địa chỉ giao hàng là nhà hàng xóm tại số 5 York Avenue => Đáp án là Avenue



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4
cash
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án mình cần là hình thức thanh toán (payment method: .... in advance)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "And will you be paying by debit card or credit card

Nghe thấy khách hàng trả lời "I don't have any cards yet"

=> Khách hàng chưa có thẻ

Nghe tiếp thấy khách hỏi "Could I come to the store and pay cash in advance?"

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5
city
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem lý do giảm giá là gì (reason for discount: address within the ...)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "I'm afraid that payment method doesn't entitle you to a discount"

Sally nói "York Terrace is within the city so you get free delivery and 5% discount"

=> Có địa chỉ trong thành phố thì sẽ được giao hàng miễn phí và giảm giá 5% => Đáp án là city



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6
Living
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là catalouge section của desk lamp

Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "The most urgent is a desk lamp"

Nghe thấy Sally hỏi lại là "that's not 'Home Office'? It's in the 'Living' section of the catalogue? "

=> Oskar xác nhận là số 664 nằm trong phần Living => Đáp án là Living



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7
collect
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem khách hàng sẽ làm gì (customer will .... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "...rather than waiting for delivery?"

Nghe thấy Sally nói "I'll note down - 'customer will collect'

=> Note là khách hàng sẽ tự tớ lấy => Đáp án là collect



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8
green
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là màu sắc của ghế mã 131

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "What about 131 on the same page?"

Oskar nói "OK. so I'll go for 131 in green then"

=> Đáp án là green



Xem full giải thích
9
lock
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái filling cabinet 2 ngăn kéo có gì

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "I need a filing cabinet for my documents"

Nghe thấy Sally là "You can have it with a lock"

Sau đó nghe tiếp thấy nói "so that's number 153"

=> Mẫu 153cabinet có khóa => Đáp án là lock



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10
3rd October/October 3rd
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem khách hàng yêu cầu giao trễ nhất là ngày nào (Direct from London no later than ... )

=> Đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "The filing cabinet will be coming directly from London"

Mình nghe tiếp thấy "That'll be delivered on or before the 3rd of October"

=> Sẽ giao trước hoặc trong ngày 3/10 => Đáp án là 3rd October / October 3rd



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Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 14
Choose TWO letters A-E.
Which TWO things make the museum unusual?
A
the guides
B
the events
C
the animals
D
the buildings
E
the objects
Which TWO things can visitors do at the museum?
A
buy home-made bread
B
ride a horse
C
ride on a tram
D
buy copies of original posters
E
go down a coal mine
Question 15 - 20
Label the map below. 
Write the correct letter, A-I next to questions.
IT_L4_S2_Brampton open-air museum_NoOpt.jpg
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
The exhibition centre
15
The High Street
16
The farmhouse
17
The coal mine
18
The Manor House
19
The Railway Station
20

❓ Tapescript section 2

Brampton Open-Air Museum
00:00
Welcome to Brampton Museum. I’m going to tell you a little bit about the museum first and then show you around. As you can see, Brampton is an open–air museum. The first open-air museums were established in Scandinavia towards the end of the 19th century, and the concept soon spread throughout Europe and North America and there are several in Britain, all of which tell the history of a particular part of the country.
Brampton focuses on life during the 19th century. The site was chosen because there were already some historic 19th-century buildings here and others have been dismantled in different parts of the region and rebuilt on the site. This hadn’t been attempted before in these parts so we’re very proud of what we have here. All the buildings are filled with furniture, machinery and objects. You may be able to see these in other museums but not in their original settings.
What also sets Brampton apart from other museums is that the story of the exhibits is told not by labels but by costumed staff like myself. I look after sheep, cows and hens, which are much the same as those you see on modern farms, but I use traditional methods to care for them. You will also be able to see a blacksmith and a printer, as well as other craftspeople.
If you talk to them, you’ll be able to find out what life was really like 150 years ago. Our programme of activities during the year has guided walks, an agricultural fair and all the other events you would expect a museum to have, but remember: here you experience them in the real surroundings.
The site is divided into different areas. The main building contains our High Street which is a street of 19th-century shops, offices and some homes. There’s a stationer’s shop which sells a range of specially selected cards, prints and copies of Victorian stationery, all available for purchase by visitors. Upstairs in the same building, a printer demonstrates the production of posters, business cards and advertising material.
Across the street from the stationer’s is a clothes shop and there’s a baker’s where you can watch a demonstration of someone making bread, cakes and pastries. We also have a sweet shop which has old–fashioned sweets for sale. Vintage trams travel along from one end of the street to the other, carrying visitors on their journey into the past.
We will also be visiting the farm and taking a ride on a steam train. Of course, the main form of transport in those days was the horse and you can watch horses being exercised in the old stables.
This part of Britain was famous for coal–mining and on the site we have part of a mine which opened in 1860 and was worked for over a hundred years, before closing in 1963. Visitors can put on a hard hat and take a guided tour underground to see how coal was worked and to experience the working conditions in the early 1900s.
Now if you’d like to look at your map, we’ll begin our tour. The site is a bit like a circle with the railway going around the edge. You can see where we are now by the entrance and we’re going to start by walking to the High Street.
We’ll go to the crossroads in the middle of the map and go straight on, making our way between two buildings on either side of the oath. The larger one is the exhibition centre but it’s not open today, unfortunately. The other building is the offices. The path leads directly to the High Street building which is at the opposite side of the site to the entrance.
Here you’re free to wander around and take a ride up and down on a tram. We’ll then take the path which follows the railway line and crosses it to the farm. If you wish, you can have tea in the farmhouse and there’ll be time to look at the animals and the machinery.
Then, we cross the railway line again and visit our special attraction which is the coal mine. It’s just in front of us here at the entrance. We’ll return to the crossroads and walk through a small wooded area to the Manor House.
This is one of the original buildings on the site and belonged to a wealthy farmer. You can look round the house and gardens and talk to our guides who can tell you what it was like to live there. We will then follow a path which goes past the pond and will take us to the Railway Station, which is situated between the path and the railway line.
Finally, we’ll take the steam train back around the site, passing alongside the High Street and the Coal Mine back to the entrance. So if you’d like to follow me…

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần nghe là 2 điều làm cho museum unusual





Nghe thấy ",,,there were already some historic 19th-century buildings here and others have been dismantled in different parts of the region and rebuilt on the site "

=> Các tòa nhà cổ trong khu vực này có từ thế kỷ 19 và có những tòa nhà được dỡ từ khu vực khác và xây dựng lại trên khu vực này



Sau đó nghe thấy speaker nói thêm là" this hadn't been attempted before"

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12
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần nghe là 2 điều làm cho museum unusual





Nghe thấy ",,,there were already some historic 19th-century buildings here and others have been dismantled in different parts of the region and rebuilt on the site "

=> Các tòa nhà cổ trong khu vực này có từ thế kỷ 19 và có những tòa nhà được dỡ từ khu vực khác và xây dựng lại trên khu vực này



Xem full giải thích
13
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần nghe là 2 thứ mà visitor có thể làm ở museum



Nghe thấy "a printer demonstrates the production of posters, business cards and advertising material"

=> Có thợ in trình bày lại quá trình in ấn áp phích, tuy nhiên không phải là để khách tham quan mua => Loại đáp án D



Nghe tiếp thấy "there’s a baker’s where you can watch a demonstration of someone making bread, cakes and pastries"

Xem full giải thích
14
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần nghe là 2 thứ mà visitor có thể làm ở museum





Nghe thấy "a printer demonstrates the production of posters, business cards and advertising material"

=> Có thợ in trình bày lại quá trình in ấn áp phích, tuy nhiên không phải là để khách tham quan mua => Loại đáp án D



Nghe tiếp thấy "there’s a baker’s where you can watch a demonstration of someone making bread, cakes and pastries"

Xem full giải thích
15
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng đầu tiên là the exhibition centre

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "we'll begin our tour"

Nghe thấy "we'll go to the crossroads in the middle of the map and go straight on"

=> Đi tới ngã tư ở giữa và sau đó đi thẳng lên



Xem full giải thích
16
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng cần tìm là The High Street



Nghe thấy "The path leads directly to the High Street building, which is at the opposite side of the site to the entrance

=> Con đường đang đứng nối thẳng tới High Street building, tòa nhà nằm đối diện với entrance => Đáp án là A



Xem full giải thích
17
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng tiếp theo là farmhouse





Nghe tới "We'll then take the path which follows the railway line and crosses it to the farm"

=> Đi theo đường sát đường ray và sau đó băng qua đường ray (từ High Street đi qua bên trái)

Nghe thấy "if you wish, you can have tea in the farmhouse"

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18
H
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng cần tìm là coal mine

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Then, we cross the railway line again and visit our special attraction which is the coal mine"



Nghe thấy "It's just in front of us here at the entrance"

=> Băng qua đường ray đi xuống sẽ thấy coal mine nằm ngay trước cổng vào => Đáp án là H



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19
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng tiếp theo là the Manor House



Nghe tới "We'll return to the crossroads and walk through a small wooded area to the Manor House"

=> Quay về ngã tư và đi qua một khu rừng nhỏ dẫn tới Manor House => Đáp án là F



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20
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng cuối cùng là The Railway Station



Tiếp theo mình nghe thấy "We will then follow a path which goes past the pond and will take us to the Railway Station"

=> Sau đó đi vào con đường mà đi ngang qua hồ, nó sẽ dẫn mình tới Railway Station => Đáp án là B



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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 26
Which attitude is associated with the following people during the conversation?
Choose SIX answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-H, next to questions.
List of Findings
A
amused
B
critical
C
forgetful
D
impatient
E
polite
F
retaxed
G
sympathetic
H
unrealistic
21
Cressida’s fellow students
22
Cressida
23
Ainsley Webb
24
Dr Erskine
25
Professor Jenkins
26
TV news centre staff
Question 27 - 30
Choose the correct letter A, B or C.
27
What was Cressida asked to do at the beginning of her placement?
A
go out to buy things for the production team
B
run errands to other parts of the TV news centre
C
meet visitors and escort them to the studio
28
What was fortunate for Cressida?
A
She was familiar with a piece of equipment.
B
She spent a lot of time in the editing suite.
C
She was given a chance to interview someone.
29
What does Cressida feel she needs to improve?
A
her understanding of business
B
her organisational skills
C
her ability to work in a team
30
What has given her an idea for her final assignment?
A
a meeting with a public relations professional
B
seeing a politician speaking to an audience
C
disagreement with one of the TV presenters

❓ Tapescript section 3

A Geography Trip
00:00
Dr Erskine:
Well, Cressida, that was an interesting presentation you gave yesterday on your placement at the TV news centre.
Cressida:
Thank you. Dr Erskine, I did work hard on it.
Dr Erskine:
Yes and you did entertain the class, they enjoyed. your humour, but you informed them too. But I felt there was a bit of a back story – you know, something you weren’t telling us? So how was it really?
Cressida:
Yeah, well. I learnt a lot, as I said. But I think some of the lessons weren’t ones I wanted to share with the whole group. I mean, my expectations about what it would be like were too high. I’d been fantasising a bit about what I’d be doing. I mean, it all worked out OK in the end … but I got off to a bad start.
Dr Erskine:
Yes, I heard something similar from the producer – urn. Ainsley Webb – who assessed your performance. He was Quite negative about some of the things you did, and your initial attitude. I’m afraid. Would you like to give me your version?
Cressida:
I couldn’t prepare properly is the main thing. On my first morning, I hadn’t checked my commuting route properly, and I didn’t notice that it says the buses don’t start till six. I had to run all the way to the studio, but I was still late, and I looked a mess.
Dr Erskine:
Well, better at this stage of your career than later. To be honest. I made the same kind of mistakes when I was your age. But anyway, as I say, I think the presentation yesterday went extremely well, and I will bear that in mind when I grade your work experience overall.
Cressida:
Thank you for being so understanding.
Dr Erskine:
Right. Now, have you completed your diary of what you did there? Professor Jenkins hasn’t received it, he says.
Cressida:
Um, yes, I have finished it, but I wanted to just tidy it up a bit. Some of it was written in a bit of a hurry. I’ll email it to him this afternoon.
Dr Erskine:
OK. But I’m afraid he says this will have to be the last time you submit late. Journalism is all about deadlines and if you can’t manage them on your course he can’t give you a diploma saying you’re competent, can he?
Cressida:
Oh. Yes. I’ll do it straight after this. I didn’t realise.
Dr Erskine:
Well, he can be a bit abrupt if he’s kept waiting. It’s the one thing he really doesn’t like. I’m sure everything is going to be fine. You’re getting very good grades on your work, so, as long as you remember that.
Cressida:
Yes.
Dr Erskine:
Now. did you manage OK generally, do you think?
Cressida:
Yeah, OK. I think. Well, it took a while to get to grips with all the equipment. Some of it was quite old, not as fast as what we have here in college and at first, I kept thinking it was my fault -I wasn’t pressing the right buttons or something.
Cressida:
The thing was, none of the TV centre staff asked me if I wanted instructions. If I asked them how to do some particular operation, they were perfectly civil and would show me, and even sav thank you for what I did do. but I felt awkward to keep asking.
Dr Erskine:
Now, um, well, let’s just review where you are, your write-up, and what you’re going to include going forward to next term. First of all, did you eventually feel you were given enough to do?
Cressida:
The first couple of days were manic, the production team was short of staff and I was rushing all over the building taking messages to various people and fetching things. Of course, I didn’t know my way around, so I kept ending up in some storeroom or somewhere instead of the studio I was meant to be in. Or I mistook some important visitor for a colleague because I didn’t know who anyone was.
Cressida:
Then after that, things sort-of calmed down, so sometimes I was hanging about until someone decided to give me a chore. But I had a piece of luck at the end of the week because they got a new bit of equipment which was the same as we have in the editing suite here and I knew how to use it. which none of them did. So that gave me a bit of status.
Cressida:
Unfortunately, it meant I spent the next three days stuck in the editing suite. But by the end, I’d shown I wasn’t just a silly student, so then, when the senior reporter needed someone to go out with him when he went to interview a junior minister, I got to go along because he knew I could handle the technical side.
Dr Erskine:
Well, that’s good.
Cressida:
Yes. Well, I know I need to learn from my mistakes. I mean, basically I need to think more about forward planning, but on the other hand, I feel much more confident now; I did survive, I didn’t ruin anything, I did actually make a contribution, according to the producer. One thing I want to take forward to my final assignment, though, is some reflections on ethics.
Dr Erskine:
Yes?
Cressida:
I had a bit of an argument with one of the senior presenters. He was editing part of an interview and he just changed something someone said. When I questioned him he just snubbed me. And I mean, this wasn’t some public relations expert or government professional spokesperson, it was, like, a member of the public, but he said ‘Oh they never remember what they said anyway’.
Dr Erskine:
Mm … you want to develop this into part of your final assignment? It would be a very positive line. I can give you some references.
Cressida:
Oh, thanks, that would be great.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng đàu tiên là Cresssida's fellow students

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe Dr Erskine nhắc tới the class (=fellow students)

Nghe thấy "Yes and you did entertain the class, they enjoyed your humor"

=> Cả lớp cảm thấy bài thuyết trình vui và mang tính giải trí, bằng nghĩa với amused => Đáp án là A



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22
H
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là Cressida

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe Dr Erskine hỏi Cressida "How was it really? (hỏi về cảm nghĩ)

thấy Cressida nói là "I mean, my expectations about what it would be like were too high và I’d been fantasising a bit about what I’d be doing "

=> Cressida mong đợi quá nhiều và đã có những suy nghĩ không thực tế về công việc của mình => Đáp án là H



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23
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là Ainsley Webb

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "...Ainsley Webb- who assessed your performance"

Nghe thấy he was quite negative about some of the things you did

=> Ainsley có thái độ tiêu cực đối với những thứ Cressida làm (có thái độ chỉ trích) => Đáp án là B



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24
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là Dr Erskine

=> Đáp án sắp tới sau khi Dr Erskine "I made the same kind of mistakes when I was your age" (đang thông cảm với Cressida)

Nghe tiếp thấy Cressida nói thank you for being so understanding

=> Dr Erskine hiểu tình cảnh của Cressida và cảm thấy thông cảm (sympathetic) => Đáp án là G



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25
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là Professor Jenkins

Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Professor Jenkins hasn't received it"

Nghe thấy "He says this will have to be the last time you submit late"

=> Professor Jenkins không chấp nhận thêm việc nộp trễ nữa

Nghe tiếp thấy "he can be a bit abrupt if he's kept waiting"

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26
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là TV news centre staff

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "The thing was, none of the TV center staff asked me if I wanted instructions"

Nghe thấy "They were perfectly civil and would show me, and even say thank you for what I did do"

=> Họ hoàn toàn nhã nhặn sẵn sàng giúp đỡ và thậm chí nói cám ơn => TV center staff rất lịch sự => Đáp án là E



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27
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là Cressida đã được yêu cầu làm gì lúc đầu

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "the first couple of days were manic"

Nghe thấy "I was rushing all over the building taking messages to various people and fetching things"

=> Bận chạy vòng quanh tòa nhà để gặp nhiều người và đi lấy nhiều đồ khác nhau => Chọn đáp án B

=> Không phải chạy ra ngoài => Loại đáp án A


Nghe tiếp thấy "I mistook some important visitor for a colleague" => Tưởng nhầm khách là đồng nghiệp => Thực chất không có nhiệm vụ hộ tống khách => Loại đáp án C


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28
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem Cressida gặp điều gì may mắn

Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "I had a piece of luck"

Nghe thấy "they got a new bit of equipment which was the same as we have in the editing suite here and I knew how to use it, which none of them did"

=> Cressida biết cách sử dụng một loại thiết bị mà không ai ở đó biết dùng (quen với một loại thiết bị) => Đáp án là A



Nghe tiếp thấy "Unfortunately, it meant I spent the next three days stuck in the editing suite"

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29
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là Cressida cần improve điểm gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi Cressida nói "I need to learn from my mistakes " (đang nói về việc cải thiện bản thân)

Nghe thấy "I need to think more about forward planning"

=> Cần phải suy nghĩ nhiều hơn về khả năng dự trù trước các vấn đề => Cần cải thiện kỹ năng sắp xếp và tổ chức => Đáp án là B



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30
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là điều gì đã cho cô ấy ý tưởng làm final assignment

Biết đáp án sắp tới tới "One thing I want to take forward to my final assignment ,..."





Nghe thấy I had a bit of an argument with one of the senior presenters

=> Có tranh cãi với một người phát thanh viên cấp cao => Đáp án là C



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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the table below. 
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
THE HISTORY OF THE ELECTRIC GUITAR

❓ Tapescript section 4

The History Of The Electric Guitar
00:00
During today’s lecture in this series about the history of popular music. I’m going to look at the different stages the electric guitar went through before we ended up with the instrument we know so well today.
The driving force behind the invention of the electric guitar was simply the search for a louder sound. In the late 1890s Orville Gibson, founder of the Gibson Mandolin-Guitar Manufacturing Company, designed a guitar with an arched or. curved lop, as is found on a violin. This made it both stronger and louder than earlier designs but it was still hard to hear amongst other louder instruments.
During the 1920s with the beginnings of big–band music, commercial radio and the rise of the recording industry, the need to increase the volume of the guitar became even more important. Around 1925 John Dopyera came up with a solution. He designed a guitar, known as The National Guitar, with a metal body which had metal resonating cones built into the top. It produced a brash tone which became popular with guitarists who played blues but was unsuitable for many other types of music.
Another way of Increasing the volume was thought of in the 1930s. The C. F. Martin Company became known for its ‘Dreadnought‘, a large flat-top acoustic guitar that used steel strings instead of the traditional gut ones. It was widely imitated by other makers.
These mechanical fixes helped, but only up to a point. So guitarists began to look at the possibilities offered by the new field of electronic amplification. What guitar players needed was a way to separate the guitar’s sound and boost it in isolation from the rest of a band or the surroundings.
Guitar makers and players began experimenting with electrical pickups which are the main means of amplification used today. The first successful one was invented in 1931 by George Beauchamp.
He introduced to the market a guitar known as The Frying Pan’ because the playing area consisted of a small round disk. The guitar was hollow and was made of aluminium and steel. He amplified the sound by using a pair of horseshoe–shaped magnets. It was the first commercially successful electric guitar.
So by the mid-1930s, an entirely new kind of sound was born. Yet along with its benefits, the new technology brought problems. The traditional hollow body of a guitar caused distortion and feedback when combined with electromagnetic pickups. Musicians and manufacturers realised that a new kind of guitar should be designed from scratch with amplification in mind.
In 1935 Adolph Rickenbacker produced a guitar which took his name – ‘The Rickenbacker Electro Spanish’. It was the first guitar produced in plastic, which, because of its weight, vibrated less readily than wood. It eliminated the problems of earlier versions which were plagued by acoustic feedback.
‘The Electro Spanish’ had its own problems, however, because it was very heavy, smaller than other guitars of the period, and was quite awkward to play. Developments continued and in 1941 Les Paul made a guitar which he called ‘The Log’, and true to its name, it was totally solid. All previous guitars had been hollow or partly hollow. It looked slightly strange but the next step had been made towards the modem electric guitar.
The first guitar successfully produced in large numbers was made in 1950 by Leo Fender. His Spanish-style electric guitar, known as a ‘Fender Broadcaster’, had a bolt-on neck, and was initially criticised by competitors as being very simple and lacking in craftsmanship. Yet it was immediately successful and was particularly suited to mass production, spurring other guitar companies to follow Fender’s lead.
In 1951 Leo Fender revolutionised the music world yet again when he produced an electric bass guitar. This was the first commercially successful bass model to be played like a guitar. It was easier for players to hit an exact note: that’s why it was called The Precision’.
Although there had already been electric standup basses, this was much more portable. It is now standard in the line-up of any rock band and some historians suggest that entire genres of music, such as reggae and funk, could not exist without it.
In 1952 the Gibson company became Fender’s first major competitor when Ted McCarty created The Gibson Les Paul’ guitar. It was distinctive because it was coloured gold. The reason for this was to disguise the fact that it was made from two different kinds of wood.
In 1954 Leo Fender responded to this successful instrument by introducing The Fender Stratocaster’. It is easily identified by its double-cutaway design and three pickups. This model may be the most influential electric guitar ever produced. The modern guitar as we know it was here to stay.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
violin
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là hình dáng của guitar của Orville Gibson (similar in shape to a ...)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "In the late 1890, Orville Gibson, .... "

Nghe thấy "....designed a guitar with an arched or curved lop, as is found on a violin"

=> Thiết kế một chiếc guitar có hình dáng giống violin => Đáp án là violin



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32
blues
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem National Guitar chơi loại nhạc gì hay (made of metal, good for play .... music)

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "He designed a guitar, known as The National Guitar"

Nghe thấy it produced a brash tone which became popular with guitarists who played blues

=> Âm thanh của đàn này thích hợp cho những người chơi nhạc blues => Đáp án là blues



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33
steel
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem dây đàn Dreadnought được làm từ gì (strings made of ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ".... became known for its Dreadnought"

Nghe thấy "....a large flat-top acoustic guitar that used steel strings"

=> Đàn guitar dẹp có dây bằng thép => Đáp án là steel



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34
Frying Pan
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe tên của mẫu đàn của George Beauchamp

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe" The first successful one was invented in 1931 George Beauchamp "

Nghe thấy "He introduced to the market a guitar known as The Frying Pan"

=> Tên của mẫu đàn mới này là The Frying Pan => Đáp án là Frying Pan



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35
magnets
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem đàn dùng 2 cái gì có hình móng ngựa (used two ... shaped like horseshoes to increase sound)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "The guitar was hollow and was made of...." (đề cập tới cấu trúc đàn)





Nghe thấy "He amplified the sound by using a pair of horseshoe-shaped magnets"

=> Bằng cách sử dụng một cặp nam châm có hình dạng giống móng ngựa => Đáp án là magnets



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36
plastic
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là chất liêu của đàn Rickenbacker Electro Spanish (made from ... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "....produced a guitar which took his name - 'The Rickenbacker Electro Spanish"

Nghe thấy it was the first guitar produced in plastic

=> Là đàn guitar đầu tiên được làm từ nhựa => Đáp án là plastic



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37
solid
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là đặc điểm của đàn The log (the first to be completely ...)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "...Les Paul made a guitar which he called The Log "

Nghe thấy"... it was totally solid. All previous guitars had been hollow or partly hollow"

=> Là cây đàn đầu tiên hoàn toàn đặc => Đáp án là solid



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38
mass production
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là nét đơn giản của cây Fender Broadcaster khiến nó lý tưởng cho việc gì (its simplicity made it ideal for ...)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "His Spanish-style electric guitar, known as a 'Fender Broadcaster'"

Nghe thấy "...it was immediately successful and was particularly suited to mass production "

=> Mẫu đàn này phù hợp để sản xuất số lượng lớn do nó đơn giản (suited = ideal for) => Đáp án là mass production



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39
Precision
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là tên đàn của Leo Fender

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "In 1951, Leo Fender revolutionised the music world..."

Nghe thấy "It was easier for players to hit an exact note: that’s why it was called 'The Precision"

=> Tên của đàn là The Precision => Đáp án là Precision

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40
gold
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án mình cần là màu sắc của cây đàn The Gibson Les Paul

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "...when Ted McCarty created The Gibson Les Paul guitar"

Nghe thấy it was distinctive because it was colored gold

=> Điểm đặc trưng của cây đàn là nó có màu vàng => Đáp án là gold



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