Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 5 - Listening Test 1 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test IELTS Actual Test 5 - Listening Test 1 được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 5 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 5 - Listening Test 1 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the form below:
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Hotel booking enquiry
Example Destination: Vancouver
Hotel name: Holiday
1

Site: near a
2

Price: $
3

Length of stay: 5 days
Price included a free
4

Can visit a
5
museum nearby

Outdoor activities for guests
  • Go cycling

    • Bikes can be hired

    • Should bring

      6
      

  • mountain climbing

    • fire is banned

    • can go

      7
      

    • can sleep in a

      8
      

  • go hiking

    • if lucky, visitors can see

      9
      in the forest

    • can also go on a trip to an old

      10
      

❓ Tapescript section 1

Hotel Booking
00:00
Man:
Green Travel Agency. What can I do for you?
Woman:
Hi, good morning. My family and I intend to go on a vacation for Vancouver, and could you please help us reserve a hotel?
Man:
Sure, with pleasure. First, I’ll take some notes down of your personal details. May I have your full name, please?
Woman:
Anna Hardie.
Man:
Hi Anna, there is a hotel in Vancouver named Holiday Chilcotin, which is very popular with guests on vacation
Woman:
Mmm, Chilcotin, can you spell it?
Man:
C-H-I-L-C-O-T-I-N, a local hotel
Woman:
Where is it? Is it in the downtown? You see, my family member prefers to stay in a quieter zone during vacation. Not too buzzy you know.
Man:
Uh, no worries. Actually it’s ten miles from the city centre, near a train station.
Woman:
Oh, I think that’s okay. I am travelling with my husband. Is it expensive to live in that hotel?
Man:
Well, in your case, I think a double room would suit you well. Normally, it’s 210 dollars, but if you can make a reservation in advance, you can pay 169 dollars for a night.
Woman:
That sounds pretty reasonable. I’d like to book for 5 days from 27 June through 1 July. Are there still rooms available?
Man:
Oh, let me check. Ah, yes, they still have some vacant rooms. Would you like to book it now?
Woman:
Wait. One more question: any meals are included in the price?
Man:
Well, you need to pay separately for lunch and dinner, except the breakfast, which is provided from 7 to 9.
Woman:
Alright, please book it for me. Is there anything we can do near the hotel?
Man:
Yeah, it only takes 10 minutes to walk to a science museum sponsored by the city council.
Woman:
Excellent, I think my husband will love it.
Woman:
Are there any outdoor activities to recommend to us? Because we don’t like to stay in the hotel for all day.
Man:
Oh, yes. If you like to go cycling there is a shop near the hotel, where you can rent a bike. Helmets are on sales, but you‘ll have to take your own boots.
Woman:
That sounds great. I think I’ll do that
Man:
Also, It’s a charming plae for visitors who like to go mountain climbing
Woman:
Oh, awesome!
Man:
The hotel prepares two trips to a nearby mountain. One trip starts at 9 in the morning, and the other one is at 2 in the afternoon each day. You can just call reception to make a reservation.
Man:
And it’s free of charge, but please be careful of fires, which are not allowed. If you like, you can go fishing in the lakes. For camping, a tent can be borrowed for a rest from the driver.
Woman:
Oh, I can’t wait. It sounds like a lot of fun!
Man:
If you’d like some adventure, you can go hiking in the forest. Sometimes you can even see some black bears. Be careful.
Woman:
Oh my god, we really do not like to take risks while travelling.
Man:
One last thing. There is a visit to an ancient gold mine every afternoon. If you are interested, just call reception.
Woman:
I think we will do that. Thank you so much for your help.
Man:
You are more than welcome...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
Chilcotin
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là tên của khách sạn

=> Biết đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe " and could you please help us reserve a hotel?"

Người đàn ông nói " There is a hotel in Vancouver named Holiday Chilcotin"

Và người đàn ông đánh vần "C-H-I-L-C-O-T-I-N,"

=> Đáp án: Chilcotin



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2
train station
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem địa điểm của nó gần nơi nào (near a ___ )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Where is it?" (hỏi vị trí)

Mình nghe được là" it’s ten miles from the city centre, near a train station"

=> Cách city centre 10 dặm, gần train station => Đáp án: train station



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3
169
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là giá tiền (Price: $ ___ )

=>Đáp án sẽ tới sau " Is it expensive to live in that hotel?" (hỏi về giá cả)

Tiếp tục nghe người đàn ông suggest ở double room " Normally, it’s 210 dollars. but if you can make a reservation in advance, you can pay 169 dollars for a night"

=> Bình thường là 210 đô nhưng nếu đặt phòng trước sẽ còn 169 đô



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4
breakfast
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ được bao gồm trong giá tiền (Price included a free ___ )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "Wait. One more question: any meals are included in the price?"

Sau đó nghe được " you need to pay separately for lunch and dinner"

=> Phải trả riêng cho lunch and dinner => Đáp án không phải lunch/ dinner



Tiếp theo nghe "except the breakfast, which is provided from 7 to 9" trừ bữa sáng

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5
science
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về thông tin của bảo tàng gần đó (can visit a ____ museum nearby)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " Is there anything we can do near the hotel?" (hỏi về việc có thể làm/ nơi có thể đi gần đó)

Tiếp tục nghe "Yeah, it only takes 10 minutes to walk to a science museum sponsored by the city council."

=> Gần đó có một science museum => Đáp án: science museum



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6
boots
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ nên mang theo khi đi đạp xe (should bring ___ )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "If you like to go cycling there is a shop near the hotel,"

Tiếp theo nghe "Helmets are on sales, but you‘ll have to take your own boots."

=> Có bán hemet nhưng cần tự mang boots (take =bring) => Đáp án: boots



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7
fishing
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem có thể đi đâu khi leo núi (can go ___ )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "It’s a charming plae for visitors who like to go mountain climbing"

Mình nghe được là " If you like, you can go fishing in the lakes"

=> Có thể đi câu cá ở hồ => Đáp án: fishing



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8
tent
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là nơi họ có thể ngủ lại (can sleep in a ___ )



Mình nghe được là "For camping, a tent can be borrowed for a rest from the driver."

=> Có thể mượn lều để nghỉ ngơi => Có thể ngủ trong lều => Đáp án: tent



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9
black bears
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ họ có thể thấy khi hiking (if lucky, visitors can see ___ in the forest)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " you can go hiking in the forest"

Tiếp theo nghe "Sometimes you can even see some black bears."

=> Đôi lúc thậm chí còn có thể thấy black bears => Đáp án: black bears



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10
gold mine
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một nơi họ có thể đến (can also go on a trip to an old ___ )

=> Biết đáp án sắp vào khi nghe " One last thing. " (nhắc đến hoạt động cuối cùng)

Tiếp tục nghe "There is a visit to an ancient gold mine every afternoon."

=> Có thể tham quan một mỏ vàng cổ (old = ancient) => Đáp án: gold mine



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Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 16
What does the organiser tell the members about who should do each of the following tasks?
Write the correct letter, A, B or C.
List of Findings
A
All the members must do it
B
Members have the opinion of doing it
C
The organiser is responsible for doing it
11
Taking tents
12
Booking campsite
13
Taking bicycles
14
Buying train tickets
15
Buying tickets for a football match
16
Collecting information about the area of the tour
Question 17 - 20
Which location has the following attractions?
Choose FOUR answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-H.
List of Findings
A
farming museum
B
horseriding
C
locally produced food
D
market selling clothes
E
old ruins
F
steam railway
G
transport museum
H
water sports
17
St. Andrews
18
Cluny
19
Pennerley
20
Farlow

❓ Tapescript section 2

Intro To Cycling Holidays
00:00
Right. Now, let me bring you up to date with arrangements for our cycling tour next month. First of all, think of the tents.
You know at the beginning, the idea was that I arranged to borrow some tents from the college, but it proves that they will be used by the hiking club at the same time, so I'm afraid you will have to bring your own.
So, do remember to tell me whether you prefer to use a single tent or share with others. In this case, I'll know how many tents there'll be when I make the reservation at the various campsites.
Last time some of you said you would like to hire bikes and pick them up when you arrive instead of taking your own.
Well, I've asked lots of shops or agencies about bike hiring in St. Andrews, the town where we'll be arriving, and unfortunately there aren't any shops that offer this service, so which, I am afraid, means taking your own.
I'll book them on the train when I book the train tickets, which reminds me, I'll need to know the exact number of people going to, so that I can get a group discount on the train fare.
Another one that'll need to be booked is tickets for the football match we discussed last time. I've enquired about availability and there are only a few seats left so anyone who wants to go will need to get tickets very soon, ideally today or tomorrow.
At our next meeting, I'll be able to give you all individual packs with the final program and something about the area we'll be cycling through and places we'll be visiting. I'm afraid I haven't had the time to do that yet.
Now, I'll tell you briefly about some of the attractions in the places we'll be staying, as I said we'll be taking the train to St. Andrews where there is one or two very good restaurants.
One thing that's definitely worth visiting there is the sites where the original town was constructed nearly 1,000 years ago.
There's not much of the original buildings left but there's still plenty to see. The site is being excavated and you'll be able to help out if you want to. Our next overnight stop will be in the village of Cluny.
There are a number of ancient barns here that have been modernised into a museum indicating the significance of sheep in the area over the centuries. The wool used to be sold for cloth and it brought richness to the district.
There are also several photos describing how agricultural workers lived.
From there we'll leave for Pennerley. Pennerley is well known for its museum of village life but that's been refurbished at the moment and isn't likely to reopen by the time we go there, but there's an open-air farmer market everyday selling fruits, vegetables, cheese and meat all grown or processed within a few miles of the town and sold by the farmers themselves.
It's definitely worth a visit.
In Farlow, which is one of the oldest towns in the region, there's a museum that shows how horses used to be the most universal way of travelling around, and how they were gradually substituted by steam and later, of course, electric trains, buses, cars and bicycles.
I'll pass around this sheet of paper...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Sau khi nghe "First of all, think of the tents." biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào Tiếp tục nghe "You know at the beginning, the idea was that I arranged to borrow some tents from the college">> ý định ban đầu là organiser sẽ chuẩn bị Tuy nhiên nghe tiếp "but it proves that they will be used by the hiking club at the same time, so I'm afraid you will have to bring your own">> họ cũng sử dụng lều nên mọi người phải tự mang>> đáp án đúng là A

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12
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Tiếp theo speaker nhắc mọi người cần thông báo sẽ ở riêng hay chung lều Và sau đó nói tiếp ".In this case, I'll know how many tents there'll be when I make the reservation at the various campsites.">> từ đó speaker sẽ biết có bao nhiêu lều khi đặt campsites>> organizer chọn campsites nhưng sẽ phụ thuộc vào số lượng lều>> đáp án đúng là B

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13
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Sau khi nghe "Last time some of you said you would like to hire bikes ">> đáp án chuẩn bị vào Sau đó nghe nhiều người muốn thuê thay vì tự mang xe đạp Tuy nhiên speaker nói đã hỏi các cửa hàng xung quanh và " and unfortunately there aren't any shops that offer this service, so which, I am afraid, means taking your own." >> không có cửa hàng nào nên phải tự mang theo>> đáp án đúng là A

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14
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Sau khi nghe "I'll book them on the train when I book the train tickets,">> đáp án vào Mình nghe được luôn organizer sẽ là người book train ticket Nghe tiếp có "I'll need to know the exact number of people going to, so that I can get a group discount on the train fare.">> cần biết số lượng người đi, tuy nhiên đây chỉ để lấy group discount chứ không ảnh hưởng đến việc đặt train ticket>> đây là việc organizer tự làm>> đáp án đúng là C

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15
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Sau đó nghe tiếp "Another one that'll need to be booked is tickets for the football match we discussed last time">> đáp án chuẩn bị vào Nghe tiếp speaker nói mới chỉ enquired about availability và có nói thêm rằng còn rất ít ghế "so anyone who wants to go will need to get tickets very soon, ideally today or tomorrow.">> ai muốn đi sẽ phải mua vé sớm>> có thể chọn đi hoặc không>> đáp án đúng là B

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16
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Sau khi nghe "At our next meeting">> chuyển qua ý tiếp theo>> đáp án chuẩn bị vào Organizer nói " I'll be able to give you all individual packs with the final program and something about the area we'll be cycling through and places we'll be visiting">> sẽ cung cấp individual packs về progame và area họ sẽ đạp xe qua cũng như địa điểm sẽ đến>> organizer cung cấp>> đáp án đúng là C

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17
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Sau khi nghe " as I said we'll be taking the train to St. Andrews where there is one or two very good restaurants" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào Tiếp theo nghe được "One thing that's definitely worth visiting there is the sites where the original town was constructed nearly 1,000 years ago. ">> thứ đáng ghé thăm là sites mà original town từng được xây Tiếp tục nghe được "There's not much of the original buildings left but there's still plenty to see. ">> không còn original buildings nhưng vẫn còn nhiều thứ để xem>> đáp án đúng là E

Xem full giải thích
18
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Sau khi nghe "Our next overnight stop will be in the village of Cluny." biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào Tiếp theo nghe ". There are a number of ancient barns here that have been modernised into a museum indicating the significance of sheep">> một số barn biến thành museum Ngoài ra speaker còn nói thêm có những bức ảnh how agricultural workers lived.>> đáp án đúng là A

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19
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Sau khi nghe "From there we'll leave for Pennerley" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào Tiếp tục nghe "Pennerley is well known for its museum of village life but that's been refurbished at the moment and isn't likely to reopen"> có museum nhưng đang được xây lại và đang đóng cửa>> không phải museum Nghe tiếp có " but there's an open-air farmer market everyday selling fruits, vegetables, cheese and meat ">>có 1 chợ bán fruits, vegetables, cheese and meat >> đáp án đúng là C

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20
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Sau khi nghe "In Farlow, which is one of the oldest towns in the region" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào Nghe tiếp có " there's a museum that shows how horses used to be the most universal way of travelling around" > museum chỉ cách horses di chuyển Sau đó nói thêm "how they were gradually substituted by steam and later, of course, electric trains, buses, cars and bicycles. ">> các phương tiện giao thông khác>> đáp án đúng là G

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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 24
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
Pacific tapa cloth is different from other types of tapa cloth because it is
A
the only tapa made today
B
better quality than others
C
put a wider range of users
22
What does Helen say about the paper mulberry tree?
A
It is also a source of food
B
It is not native to the Pacific
C
It can grow in any environment
23
Why did the Maori people of New Zealand stop making tapa?
A
They could not find the right trees in New Zealand
B
They were introduced to other fabrics by the Europeans
C
They found a better material for making fabric
24
Large pieces of tapa are made from smaller pieces which are
A
stuck together
B
woven together
C
sewn together
Question 25 - 30
According to the speakers, what function has tapa played in the following countries?
Write the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
List of Findings
A
recreational
B
practical
C
spiritual
D
commercial
25
Samoa
26
Tonga
27
Cook Islands
28
Fiji
29
Tahiti
30
Tikopia

❓ Tapescript section 3

Pacific Tapa Cloth
00:00
Tutor:
Come in, Helen, what can I do for you?
Helen:
Well, I'm doing research for the anthropology project. And I was hoping to ask some help for a few details
Tutor:
Sure. I remember you opted Pacific tapa cloth as the topic, didn't you? What do you figure out so far?
Helen:
Well, I was going to introduce my project by stating that tapa cloth is fibre made from bark, just the out layer of the trees, which particularly universal among the Pacific Islands, but not exclusive to them.
Helen:
Actually, people in other parts of the world have also produced high-quality cloth from bark. But what set pacific tapa apart is the incredible variety role it's played in this region.
Tutor:
Nice! So what about raw materials that used in the production?
Helen:
Well, tapa cloth is made from many species of tree. In the Pacific, the paper mulberry tree is most common, but it doesn't thrive in all conditions.
Helen:
In fact, it wasn't discovered in the islands at first, but was carried in canoes by the first migrants. Tapa is also made from the breadfruit tree, which is a more convenient way, because its fruit is the staple food. The paper mulberry tree is only grown for tapa making mill.
Tutor:
Yes, that's right. Then how about the Maori people here in New Zealand?
Helen:
But at present the Maori don't produce tapa
Tutor:
Yeah, but I suggest you should take it into account. We know that when Maori migrate here from other pacific islands, they were ready to produce tapa because they took the paper mulberry tree with them.
Helen:
The thing was after they'd been in New Zealand a bit, they found the flax plant is superior to tapa, because it makes stronger fabric. By the time Europeans arrived in the 18th century, Mao were producing all their fabric from flax rather than the tapa and had been for some time.
Tutor:
OK. So in terms of the production process itself, first the inner bark is beaten with wooden hammer to soften the fibres; then the various pieces are glued together using adhesive paste made from the aloe root tuber, which is the only way to fabricate large pieces of cloth because bark strings are too fine to be woven together and stitch isn't strong enough.
Tutor:
So now you should do more research on the details about different countries.
Helen:
Where should I go into now?
Tutor:
Well, I think Samoa is the typical place known for its Seaple, which is hand-painted with representations of the ancestors.
Tutor:
Till now, at the most profound events in lives, such as births, funerals, weddings and the investiture of chief, some are with Seaple ropes to add significance and eating to the ceremony.
Helen:
OK. Then I can talk about Tonga. It seems to me that the great innovation in Tonga has been developing a simple coarse cloth, which is quick and easy to produce.
Helen:
This is suitable for all sorts of daily functions around the house like bed covers, nets and curtains.
Tutor:
Good point. Now what about Cook Islands tapa?
Helen:
Well, the Sweallier is of poor quality; consequently, the bread fruit tree is often used.
Helen:
One type of thick cloth, called Tikoda, was wrapped around the poles and used to make the entrances to places of worship, and therefore, was highly regarded in local culture.
Tutor:
You might mention Fiji as well, which is interesting, because tapa was actually used as currency there. Fijians used to sail between the islands and exchange tapa for other commodities like canoes or pigs.
Helen:
I know that in Tahiti, the tapa cloth is regarded differently, because the patterns are in colour, which is considered more valuable than the usual patterns.
Tutor:
You are right about the Tahitians using coloured pigments, but they aren't more valuable. The colours are only decoration.
Tutor:
People enjoy wearing bright robes especially for dancing and competitive games and do it just for fun.
Helen:
Oh, I'll take a note of it. Well, the last place I was going to mention was Tikopia. Even today it's a common place to see wearing clothes made of tapa cloth.
Helen:
And on many of the other islands, the tapa only come out on special occasions. But here you see people working in the gardens wearing tapa.
Tutor:
Sound promising, Helen. I'll look forward to the presentation of your project.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe " What do you figure out so far? "(tìm hiểu được gì -> sắp đưa thông tin về Pacific tapa cloth)

Sau đó Helen nói tiếp " Actually, people in other parts of the world have also produced high-quality cloth from bark."

=> Nơi khác cũng có thể sản xuất high-quality cloth từ vỏ cây => Loại đáp án B







Sau đó nghe tiếp "But what set pacific tapa apart is the incredible variety role it's played in this region."

Xem full giải thích
22
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là mulberry tree

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " In the Pacific, the paper mulberry tree is most common"

Nghe tiếp có " but it doesn't thrive in all conditions."

=> Không phát triển được ở tất cả các điều kiện => Loại đáp án C

(It can grow in any environment)



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23
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem tại sao người Maori ngưng làm tapa

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Then how about the Maori people here in New Zealand?"





Mình nghe được là "after they'd been in New Zealand a bit, they found the flax plant is superior to tapa, because it makes stronger fabric"

=> Khi ở New Zealand một thời gian, họ phát hiện flax plant tốt hơn tapaslàm ra loại vải bền hơn => Họ tìm ra chất liệu mới tốt hơn => Đáp án đúng là C



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24
A
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Mình cần nghe cách người ta làm các mảnh tapa lớn từ các mảnh tapa nhỏ

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "So in terms of the production process itself" (nhắc đến quá trình sản xuất)





Mình nghe được là "...then the various pieces are glued together using adhesive paste made from the aloe root tuber, which is the only way to fabricate large pieces of cloth"

=> Sau đó các mảnh được gắn lại sử dụng một chất từ aloe root (glued=stuck), đó cũng là cách duy nhất để tạo nên những mảnh lớn => Đáp án đúng là A



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25
C
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Đối tượng đầu tiên là Samoa

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "Well, I think Samoa is the typical place known for its Seaple"

Tiếp tục nghe có "which is hand-painted with representations of the ancestors."

=> Chúng đại diện cho tổ tiên => Mang giá trị tinh thần (spiritual) => Đáp án là C



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26
B
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Đối tượng tiếp theo là Tonga

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Then I can talk about Tonga"

Đầu tiên nghe được Tonga đã sáng tạo ra coarse cloth và nói tiếp "This is suitable for all sorts of daily functions around the house like bed covers, nets and curtains. "

=> Sử dụng hàng ngày trong nhà như ga giường, lưới, màn => Mang giá trị thực tiễn (pratical) => Đáp án là B



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27
C
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Đối tượng tiếp theo là Cook Islands

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Now what about Cook Islands tapa? "

Đầu tiên speaker nói "the Sweallier is of poor quality"

Và loại thứ 2 Tikoda "was wrapped around the poles and used to make the entrances to places of worship, and therefore, was highly regarded in local culture."

=> Được dùng để trang trí lối vào cho những nơi thờ cúng (worship) và được đề cao trong văn hóa địa phương => Mang giá trị tinh thần (spiritual) => Đáp án là C



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28
D
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Đối tượng tiếp theo là Fiji

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "You might mention Fiji as well"

Mình nghe được là " because tapa was actually used as currency there. Fijians [...] exchange tapa for other commodities like canoes or pigs"

=> Tapa được sử dụng như 1 loại tiền tệ và nó được dùng để trao đổi hàng hóa => Mang giá trị thương mại (commercial) => Đáp án là D



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29
A
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Đối tượng tiếp theo là Tahiti

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau " I know that in Tahiti"

Mình nghe được là "People enjoy wearing bright robes especially for dancing and competitive games and do it just for fun."

=> Mọi người mang bright robes khi nhảy hay thi đấu hoăc chỉ cho vui => Mang giá trị tiêu khiển (recreational) => Đáp án là A



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30
B
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Đối tượng cuối cùng là Tikopia

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " the last place I was going to mention was Tikopia."

Speaker nói ở những hòn đảo khác "the tapa only come out on special occasions"

Sau đó nói thêm " But here you see people working in the gardens wearing tapa. "

=> Ở đây người làm vườn cũng mặc tapa => Mang ý nghĩa thiết thực (practical) => Đáp án là B



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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Monarch Butterflies
Hibernation
Butterfly species adopt different hibernation patterns during their life cycle. 
Butterflies named ‘Banded Hair Freak’ hibernate in the form of an
31
.
A species called ‘Dapple White’ accumulates
32
from larval stage. 
Slow metabolism can help them to sort out some problems in winter. 
A substance is produced in the blood which may function as
33
.
There are few predators because they can only survive in
34
weather.
Migration
Monarch butterflies move to
35
in winter.
To avoid cold temperature, they migrate to the south in large groups.
The survival skill can help them last for up to
36
during a long journey.
Monarch butterflies fly in daytime and stay in
37
during night.
Researchers found out that they orient by flying along the
38
.
They also follow the direction of the
39
for navigational aid.
During migration, they mainly feed on flowers and cannot reproduce.
Recently the annual arrival of the monarchs can be a good interest to
40
in the region.

❓ Tapescript section 4

Monarch Butterfly
00:00
We were required to do the investigation regarding survival strategies of particular animals, and I chose to study how the butterflies will do for survival when cold weather and food shortage could easily influence their life cycle.
I concentrated on a number of main strategies butterflies adopt to handle these harsh conditions: hibernation, and migration.
First let's talk about the hibernation, which means a long term sleep, in which an animal's metabolism slows to conserve strength.
Various butterfly species have formed different patterns of hibernation, at continuous periods of their life cycle.
For example, the ‘Banded Hair Freak’ hardly hibernates in its full grown adult form, but as an egg. And another species, the 'Dappled White', breathes during the winter in a crystallise stage, and during this time, it's able to draw on the energy it stimulated earlier on in its larval stage.
Though the slowing of the metabolism in hibernation functions with many of the difficulties faced in winter, it can't prevent them all.
In addition, some butterflies have extra plans for survival. For instance, they develop a substance in their blood, usually in glycerol, or sorbitol, which serves as 'anti-freeze', thereby adding extra resistance against lower temperatures.
Actually, there is a positive side about the cold weather, fewer predators exist around to cause problems, this is because they are actively mainly in warm weather.
So, now let's move on to the second type of survival strategy the butterflies used in winter: migration. That means moving to regions with a more suitable environment.
I'm going to start this topic with a detailed study about particular cases of migratory species, the ‘Monarch Butterfly'.
Many butterfly species are found in various zones of the world migrate, like “the Red Admiral', a British butterfly which ‘winters' in North Africa, but the 'Monarch Butterfly' is the sole example to do this in North America.
At any stage of the life cycle, the Monarch cannot survive in the low winter temperatures, so when it gets cold, the Monarchs begin to gather in huge groups and fly south. They can travel up to 3,500 miles.
But only the last summer generation of Monarchs migrate. Normal generations only live for a maximum of 10 days, in fact the last migration generation, as reported, do for 6 months, which enables them to take such a long journey.
These huge teams of migrating monarchs only fly during daylight hours, and at night they usually have a rest in trees, again often in vast groups.
Research is now being exercised into what encourages them to reach the destination. It has been known for years that they find their way on the journey by following rivers, and there are a few these along their migratory route.
However, the new research indicates they may also treat the sun as a navigational aid.
During this time, they are able to feed, mainly from a type of flower called ‘milkweed', but they are not able to reproduce during this period.
The Monarchs hand in their lineage' to a particular region in Mexico, known as the ‘Pier A Sequoia'.
The Monarchs are anticipated with great interest within the region, and over recent years, there annual arrival has gained great popularity among tourists.
However, their habitat is being increasingly threatened...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
egg
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem loài 'Banded Hair Freak' ngủ đông trong form nào

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Various butterfly species have formed different patterns of hibernation"

Sau đó nghe được "For example, the ‘Banded Hair Freak’ hardly hibernates in its full grown adult form, but as an egg."

=> Nó hiếm khi ngủ đông ở dạng trưởng thành mà ngủ đông ở dạng trứng => Đáp án: egg





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32
energy
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Mình cần nghe xem thứ 'Dappled White' tích trữ từ giai đoạn ấu trùng là gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " And another species, the 'Dappled White'"

Nghe thấy " it's able to draw on the energyit stimulated earlier on in its larval stage."

=> Nó sử dụng energy đã tích trữ khi còn ở giai đoạn ấu trùng => Đáp án: energy



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33
anti-freeze / extra resistance
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Mình cần nghe xem một chất được tạo ra trong máu có thể hoạt động như điều gì

=> Đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Though the slowing of the metabolism in hibernation functions" (đề cập tới quá trình trao đổi chất)

Speaker nói tiếp "For instance, they develop a substance in their blood [...] which serves as 'anti-freeze'"

=> Chúng tạo ra một chất trong máu giúp chống đông cứng dưới thời tiết lạnh (serve as = function as) => Đáp án: anti-freeze



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34
warm
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Đáp án cần điền là tính từ mô tả thời tiết (There are few predators because they can only survive in ___ weather)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "there is a positive side about the cold weather,"

Sau đó nghe tiếp "fewer predators exist around to cause problems, this is because they are actively mainly in warm weather."

=> Ít predator hơn vì chúng chỉ sống được trong warm weather => Đáp án: warm



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35
North America
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Đáp án là địa điểm mà Monarch Butterfly chuyển đến vào winter

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "I'm going to start this topic with a detailed study about particular cases of migratory species, the ‘Monarch Butterfly''





Đầu tiên speaker nói về loài 'Red Admiral', "a British butterfly which 'winters' in North Africa

=> Red Admiral di cư tới North Africa vào mùa đông, nhưng đây không phải loài mình cần nghe => Loại North America



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36
6 months
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Mình cần nghe về thời gian tối đa nó có thể sống

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " the Monarch cannot survive in the low winter temperatures," (nhắc đến việc sinh tồn )

Tiếp theo nghe được "They can travel up to 3,500 miles."

=> Đây là khoảng cách nó có thể di chuyển => Không phải đáp án



Nghe tiếp thấy " But only the last summer generation of Monarchs migrate"

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37
trees
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Mình cần nghe về nơi nó ở vào ban đêm

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "These huge teams of migrating monarchs only fly during daylight hours"

Tiếp tục nghe "and at night they usually have a rest in trees, again often in vast groups."

=> Buổi tối chúng nghỉ trong cây (stay in=have a rest in) => Đáp án: trees



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38
rivers
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Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem chúng định hướng bằng cách bay theo cái gì



Mình nghe được là "It has been known for years that they find their way on the journey by following rivers, ...."

=> Chúng định hướng bằng các đi theo các con sông => Đáp án: rivers





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39
sun
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Tiếp theo mình nghe xem chúng còn định hướng bằng cách đi theo direction của cái gì

Nghe tiếp thấy "the new research indicates they may also treat the sun as a navigational aid."

=> Chúng có thể coi sun là navigational aid => Đáp án: sun



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40
tourists
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Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là việc xuất hiện Monarch hàng năm gây hứng thú cho điều gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "The Monarchs are anticipated with great interest within the region,"

Tiếp tục nghe "and over recent years, their annual arrival has gained great popularity among tourists."

=> Annual arrival đã thu được great popularity từ tourists (gained popularity among= be a good interest to) => Đáp án: tourists



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