Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 4 - Listening Test 1 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test IELTS Actual Test 4 - Listening Test 1 được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 4 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 4 - Listening Test 1 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Revision Note
Example
  • Problem with: the brochure sample

  • Company name:

    1
    Hotel Chains

  • Letters of the

    2
    should be bigger.

  • The information of the

    3
    should be removed.

  • Change the description under the top photo to

    4
    .

  • Use the picture with the

    5
    of the hotel.

  • The

    6
    should be in red print.

  • Translate into

    7
    .

  • Deadline: by the end of

    8
    

  • Address: No.9 Green Drive,

    9
    , NY21300

  • Telephone number:

    10
    

❓ Tapescript section 1

Revision Note
00:00
Employee:
Good afternoon. Welcome to Matrix Printing. I’m John Smith. How can I help you?
Customer:
Good afternoon. I’m here to reprint a brochure for our hotel. There are some pages that need revising.
Employee:
Sure, how may I address you?
Customer:
Oh, I’m Mary Jane from Central Hotel Chains. Nice to meet you. I’ve got samples of the previous version.
Employee:
I assume it is your company’s advertising brochure?
Customer:
Yes.
Employee:
What exactly is the problem?
Customer:
Well, it was printed the year before, so some of the information is already out-of-date. There are also a couple of problems with the layout. Firstly, the letters of the address on the front page are far too small. It’s hard to see when glancing at the cover.
Employee:
How big do you need it to be?
Customer:
Increase the letters by 3 font sizes.
Employee:
Just a minute. Let me take notes of your requirements... OK, what else needs changing?
Customer:
The information regarding the pool should be deleted, because it is currently under renovation and is not available.
Employee:
So all of the relevant descriptions on page 2 should be removed? What do we replace it with? We can't just leave the whole page blank.
Customer:
Just fill it in with the introduction of our newly-opened gym. I’ve included all the relevant information here in this flash drive.
Employee:
Let me check...Um. I see. No problem then.
Customer:
What is also bothering us is that the description under the top photo on page 4 is incorrect. The wore lounge needs to be replaced with reception.
Employee:
Fully noted. Is that all?
Customer:
No, there is more. Turn to page 5. We feel that showing merely the picture of our exterior and interior decoration does not fully represent the appeal of our hotel. On second thought, we’ve decided to use a picture with the view of the
Employee:
Do you have the original copy of the picture?
Customer:
Yes, it is also enclosed in the flash drive.
Employee:
OK, we’ll reedit the whole layout of the photos.
Customer:
Great.
Customer:
Let’s turn to the next page.
Employee:
Yes, what’s wrong with that? It seems perfectly fine to me.
Customer:
At first sight, it seems fine. But according to the feedback of the customers, the prices do not stand out, so we want to change the print from black to red to make it pop out.
Employee:
OK. I’ve made notes of all your requests. Is there anything else?
Customer:
I appreciate it. Just one final request. Could you translate the whole brochure into Spanish? We have customers worldwide, you know, especially those from Latin countries.
Employee:
No problem. What about other languages, like Japanese, Chinese or German? These are our most popular target languages.
Customer:
I have to ask the manager about the Chinese version. There’s been a surging number of Chinese clients during recent years. However, we don’t need German or Japanese translations as we currently don’t have many customers from those two countries.
Employee:
Sure. Just keep me updated.
Customer:
So roughly when could we get the revised print? We need it before the end of July.
Employee:
It’s late June now. Roughly it’ll take 3 weeks to reedit, so it will definitely be ready before the deadline.
Customer:
Great.
Employee:
To where shall we send the samples?
Customer:
The address is No. 9 Green Drive, Cliffton, NY21300.
Employee:
How do you spell Cliffton?
Customer:
C-L-I-double F-T-O-N, Cliffton.
Employee:
And the telephone number?
Customer:
It’s 9-0-3-0-3-6-6-0-2. Also, if you have any further questions, you can reach me through this number.
Employee:
OK.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
Central
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là tên khách sạn ( ___ Hotel Chains)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "how may I address you?" (ý là tôi nên gọi bạn như thế nào, không phải hỏi về địa chỉ)

Sau đó nghe "I’m Mary Jane from Central Hotel Chains"

=> Đáp án: Central



Xem full giải thích
2
address
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem các kí tự ở đâu cần to hơn

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "What exactly is the problem?"





Sau đó nghe "Firstly, the letters of the address on the front page are far too small. It’s hard to see when glancing at the cover."

=> Các kí tự của phần địa chỉ quá nhỏ => Đáp án: address



Xem full giải thích
3
pool
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem thông tin về cái gì đó cần được bỏ đi



Khi bạn nghe "OK, what else needs changing?"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Sau đó nghe "The information regarding the pool should be deleted..."

=> Thông tin liên quan đến hồ bơi nên được xóa => Đáp án: pool



Xem full giải thích
4
reception
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cần thay đổi dòng mô tả bên dưới bức ảnh thành cái gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "the description under the top photo on page 4 is incorrect"

Sau đó nghe "The wore lounge needs to be replaced with reception."

=> Phòng chờ cần được thay thế bằng quầy lễ tân => Đáp án: reception



Xem full giải thích
5
view
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Giải thích chi tiết



Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Fully noted. Is that all?" (hỏi xem còn vấn đề không)

Sau đó nghe "On second thought, we’ve decided to use a picture with the view of the hotel."

=> Suy nghĩ kỹ lại thì chúng tôi đã quyết định sử dụng một bức ảnh có quang cảnh của khách sạn => Đáp án: view



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6
price(s)
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Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là cái gì đó được yêu cầu in đỏ





Khi bạn nghe " layout of the photos"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.

Sau đó nghe "But according to the feedback of the customers, the prices do not stand out, so we want to change the print from black to red to make it pop out."

Xem full giải thích
7
Spanish
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là 1 ngôn ngữ nào đó cần được phiên dịch.





Khi bạn nghe "Just one final request"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào vì đây là problem cuối cùng.

Sau đó nghe "Could you translate the whole brochure into Spanish"

Xem full giải thích
8
July
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về hạn chót (by the end of ___ )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "So roughly when could we get the revised print?" (đề cập tới thời gian)





Sau đó nghe "We need it before the end of July."

=> Deadline là cuối tháng 7 => Đáp án: July



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9
Cliffton
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về địa chỉ

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "To where shall we send the samples?"





Sau đó nghe "The address is No. 9 Green Drive, Cliffion, NY21300" và nghe tiếp phần đánh vần để điền đúng chính tả

=> Đáp án: Cliffion



Xem full giải thích
10
903036602
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Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là số điện thoại

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "And the telephone number?"





Sau đó nghe "It’s 9-0-3-0-3-6-6-0-2"

=> Đáp án: 903036602



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 16
Choose the correct letter A, B or C.
11
The most famous view in this park is
A
the largest waterfall worldwide.
B
the longest river in the world.
C
the biggest sub-tropical rainforest in the world.
12
According to the tour guide, what is best to do on top of the mountain?
A
having a picnic
B
taking photos
C
strolling about
13
What did the tour guide recommend for more experienced walkers?
A
the mountain trail
B
the Bush Track
C
the Creek Circuit
14
What is mentioned about the transport in the park?
A
Bicycles can be hired.
B
Trams are available for tourists.
C
It is included in the bill.
15
Which activity is provided for adults all year round?
A
abseiling
B
bungee jumping
C
paragliding
16
What should the visitors do before they go to the restaurant?
A
make bookings
B
inquire about availability
C
collect the meal ticket at the reception
Question 17 - 20
Drag your answers in the option list into the boxes
AT4_L1_P2_Byron National Park_NoOpt.jpg
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
Campsite
17
Business Centre
18
Museum
19
Cafe
20

❓ Tapescript section 2

Byron National Park
00:00
Welcome to Byron National Park. 1 am Jim Carson, your tour guide for the trip. First. I’d like to give you some basic information about the park.
Covering 7,000 acres of land and spanning across 3 states, Byron National Park was established to protect the area’s most spectacular scenic values. With unique geologic features, natural history and native plant and animal life, it is an ideal destination for recreation as well as research purposes.
The park has a breathtaking waterfall connecting the longest river in the country, but it is most renowned for having the largest sub-tropical rainforest worldwide.
There are many layers of tall, medium and low vegetation growing with seasonal variations in the park. It is a place where the air seems green.
Ardent hikers can find an awesome array of options here. Apart from the dense green rainforest, tourists can also hike along the mountain trail.
Despite the stunning view, taking photos is not advised on the way up, I’m afraid, as one might get distracted and the narrow trail by the sheer cliff is quite dangerous.
When you reach the top of the mountain, there is nothing better than having a picnic under the trees with your family. Accompanied mostly by wildlife, walkers as well as cyclists may find the Bush Track a good choice for having a tranquil time to themselves.
As your tour guide, I suggest that only expert hikers take the Creek Circuit, because its beautiful and inspiring scenery through the subtropical jungle is paralleled by its physical challenges.
A list of transport is available within the park. Bicycles are a popular choice as it is the most flexible way to get around. Electric trams are temporarily closed for maintenance.
Boat trips down the river are an ideal way to spend a tranquil afternoon. Rest assured that transport within the park is covered in the bill.
Extreme sports is another highlight of the park. They are for adventurous grown-ups, especially those who are comfortable with having a racing heart. Scary as it may sound, it is actually safe to participate in extreme sports under strict instructions and close supervision.
Abseiling is available regardless of the weather. It is a fun way to overcome fear of heights, gain new skills and get an adrenaline rush. Bungee jumping and paragliding are also available except for during the summer.
At this point, you might worry about meals here. Well, even though there is only one restaurant in the park at the moment, the variety of dishes is astonishing. There are two meals included in the price.
Just get your meal ticket at the reception before dining. Also, there is no need to make reservations or worry about availability since there are plenty of tables.
During your stay here, you might want to know what there is to do. Let’s turn to the plan so I can familiarise you with the layout of the park.
Most tourists would choose to stay in our guest hcuse located in the southeast comer. It features 63 tastefully appointed guest rooms, many of which offer spectacular views of the park. You’ll find a home away from home at our guest house.
But for those who want to experience the natural beauty up-close, there is also a campsite. When you get out of the guesthouse, go straight ahead, turn right at the end of the road. To your left, there is a campsite amongst the trees where you could spend a night under the stars together with owls and chipmunks.
If you look at the top left of the plan, you will notice a picnic area. You can either bring your own food or we can deliver food to you. Barbeque is an option. The Business Centre is situated directly opposite the picnic area. It provides flexible, fully serviced offices, conferencing suites, meeting rooms and is equipped with the latest multi-media facilities.
Wired as well as wireless high speed Internet is available within the entire premises. The Centre is designed to cater to both individual travellers and corporate groups.
Visitors can also go to the museum which holds a vast collection, that exhibits local history and a natural habitat. You start from the guesthouse, just turn left at the first conjunction, then walk past the teahouse, turn right. You’ll see the museum after making the 3rd right. Have you found it?...Pretty easy, right?
To spend a delightful afternoon with a book and a fresh cup of coffee, you can go to the only cafe in the park. From the guesthouse you go straight, then take the 2nd right and you’ll see the cafe right in front of you.
You might want to check out our all-season tennis court which offers instruction for all ages and skill levels. It is located right opposite the cafe.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới cụm từ "the area’s most spectacular scenic values"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào





Sau đó bạn nghe "The park has a breathtaking waterfall connecting the longest river"

=> Waterfall và river ứng với đáp án A và B => Tuy nhiên chưa thấy nói có phải là most famous view hay không

Xem full giải thích
12
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "when you reach the top of the mountain"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới





Theo tourguide nói thì "there is nothing better than having a picnic under the trees with your family."

=> Không có gì tuyệt vời hơn khi được cùng gia đình đi picnic dưới tán cây => Chọn đáp án A



Xem full giải thích
13
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Người tourguide đã nói rằng "As your tour guide, I suggest that only expert hikers take the Creek Circuit"

=> Hướng dẫn viên gợi ý rằng chỉ những người đi bộ đường dài chuyên nghiệp mới đi được Đường đua Creek => Chọn đáp án C

(expert hikers = more experienced walkers)

"Bush Track' cũng được nhắc đến, nhưng nó dành cho “walkers” chứ không dành cho “expert”

Xem full giải thích
14
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "A list of transport is available within the park."

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.

Sau đó nghe thấy "Bicycles are a popular choice as it is the most flexible way to get around."

=> Tuy nhiên không nói rằng phải "hire" => Loại đáp án A



Tiếp đó họ nhắc đến "tram" nhưng "Electric trams are temporarily closed for maintenance."

Xem full giải thích
15
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy "Abseiling is available regardless of the weather"

=> Abseiling lúc nào cũng có bất kể thời tiết như thế nào => Abseiling có quanh năm => Đáp án là A



Tuy nhiên khi nhắc đến "Bungee jumping" (B) và "paragliding" (C) thì họ nói "are also available except for during the summer."

=> Không có trong mùa hè => Loại B và C



Xem full giải thích
16
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "There are two meals included in the price"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới





Nghe thấy "Just get your meal ticket at the reception before dining"

=> Trước khi ăn phải lấy phiếu ăn => Đáp án là C



Xem full giải thích
17
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi bạn nghe ".... there is also a campsite"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Sau đó nghe "When you get out of the guesthouse, go straight ahead, turn right at the end of the road. To your left, there is a campsite amongst the trees"

=> Sau khi đi ra khỏi guesthouse, đi thẳng, rẽ phải ở cuối đường. Ở phía bên trái của bạn, có một cái campsite ở giữa những cái cây => Đáp án là E



Xem full giải thích
18
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy "If you look at the top left of the plan, you will notice a picnic area"

=> Xác định được picnic area ở vị trí B

Sau đó nghe "The Business Centre is situated directly opposite the picnic area"

=> Business Centre nằm ở hướng đối diện picnic area => Chọn đáp án A





Xem full giải thích
19
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Visitors can also go to the museum which holds a vast collection"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Sau đó nghe "You start from the guesthouse, just turn left at the first conjunction, then walk past the teahouse, turn right. You’ll see the museum after making the 3rd right"

=> Bắt đầu từ guesthouse, rẽ trái ở ngã 3 đầu tiên, sau đó đi bộ ngang qua teahouse, rẽ phải. Bạn sẽ thấy museum sau khi rẽ phải vào lối rẽ thứ 3 => Đáp án là câu G



Xem full giải thích
20
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe ".... you can go to the only cafe in the park"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.

Sau đó nghe "From the guesthouse you go straight, then take the 2nd right and you’ll see the cafe right in front of you"

=> Đi thẳng từ guesthouse, sau đó rẽ vào lối bên phải thứ 2 và bạn sẽ thấy cafe ở ngay trước mặt => Đáp án là D



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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 24
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
How old are the students on the nursing program?
A
They are teenagers.
B
They are in their twenties.
C
They belong to different age groups.
22
What do the speakers say about the group project?
A
It helps to improve relationship among different classmates.
B
It helps to develop problem solving skills.
C
It provides supportive learning environment.
23
Which part of the program surprised Paul?
A
There’s a number of essays to write.
B
There’s a lot of practical work.
C
There’s internship provided.
24
What do they feel about learning law?
A
It is essential training.
B
It is too theoretical.
C
It takes up too much time.
Question 25 - 30
Choose the correct headings for sections
List of Findings
A
get feedback from teaching staff
B
do more reading
C
get help from school supporting staff
D
get help for nursing problems
E
manage time properly
F
be well prepared
G
review the notes regularly
H
don’t set unrealistic goals
25
Essays
26
Lectures
27
Research
28
Online forum
29
Placement tests
30
Freshmen

❓ Tapescript section 3

Feedback On Nursing Program
00:00
Tutor:
Helen and Paul, congratulations to you both for doing so well the past semester. You two have exhibited an impeccable performance during your first year in the nursing program. I’d like to get some feedback from the two of you to better improve the program and to provide guidance for our prospective students. I’d like to start with you, Helen. So first of all, which aspect of the program impressed you?
Helen:
Well, to be honest, when I was enrolled into the course, I was expecting a group of classmates my age. But as I stepped into the classroom for the first time, I was surprised by the diversity. Most were in their twenties, but there were also those in their thirties or even forties. As it turns out, the intergenerational communication has sparked intense debate and new thinking, and I think that’s something special about the program that I appreciate very much.
Tutor:
What about you, Paul? What do you think of the program?
Paul:
For me the group project we carried out last semester is another key feature of the program. The whole class was divided into 8 different groups working on 8 perspective cases. Team building sessions were conducted in a collaborative way most of the time. Comprised of five members, our group studied acute pancreatitis. During the process, we broke the task into different parts and assigned them to each member. We were then able to tackle the complex problem by pooling our knowledge and skills. More importantly, stronger links were established between the group members. Because of the project, we’ve all become good friends.
Tutor:
That’s true. According to graduates, group projects prepare them for the work world in which teamwork and collaboration are increasingly the norm. So tell me, Paul, what else do you like about the program?
Paul:
I want to be a registered nurse working in a public hospital after graduation. So the internship provided is a valuable opportunity for clinical practice in a supportive learning atmosphere. However, I was amazed by the amount of written assignments since I thought the course should have focused more on practice-oriented learning.
Helen:
Well, I have to disagree with you, Paul. The essays demonstrate your understanding of the course. For me, writing essays is a process that involves critical thinking which challenges me to develop my points more thoroughly. I thus managed to gain a diversity of perspectives.
Tutor:
The program is designed to deliver basic and advanced theoretical knowledge of core concepts including health care systems concepts, together with practicum or clinical practice experience to bridge the classroom content to the practice setting. So I’m afraid written work is unavoidable. Also this year, we’ve added a module of law. How do you feel about that?
Helen:
At first we felt that learning law is kind of redundant and too time-consuming. After a few sessions, we realised that it is necessary in dealing with future medical disputes.
Tutor:
Do you have any suggestions for prospective students?
Paul:
What bothers me most is handing in essays on time. I almost missed the deadline once because there were three essays due within the same week. So rationalising your time is critical.
Helen:
Well, that’s true. The lectures deliver so much useful information. I have poor memory so I kept making notes and revisiting them on a regular basis. To my surprise, at the end of the semester, I have learnt the key concepts by heart.
Tutor:
How was the research? I heard that it was quite challenging. How did you manage to overcome the difficulties?
Paul:
That’s true. The majority of us had no clue how to carry out the research at first. Fortunately, when I was digging up reference materials at the library, I sought help from the librarian. She taught me about finding the appropriate resources and choosing the proper research methods.
Tutor:
Have you checked out the online forum?
Helen:
Yes, it has become a habit for me to visit the forum regularly. In a sense, it extends classroom learning. It is where the students post academic problems that they come across and get support from the faculty members.
Paul:
Some of my classmates didn’t do so well during the placement tests. I feel that background reading is necessary.
Tutor:
Lastly, do you have anything to say to the freshmen?
Helen:
I was really ambitious at first, trying to get straight A’s on my transcript. I made tons of notes and worked hard even on the optional assignments to get extra credit. I stressed myself out before having an emotional breakdown. After consulting my advisor, I found it important to set realistic goals. Don’t push yourself too hard. It is wise to sort out your priorities.
Tutor:
Thank you for coming here today and providing valuable feedback on the program. Have a great summer break.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về độ tuổi của các học sinh trong nursing program

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "I was expecting a group of classmates my age" (đề cập tới tuổi)

Sau đó nghe "I was surprised by the diversity. Most were in their twenties, but there were also those in their thirties or even forties"

=> Độ tuổi trong nhóm rất đa dạng => Đáp án là C



Xem full giải thích
22
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "For me the group project we carried out last semester...."

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Sau đó nghe "More importantly, stronger links were established between the group members. Because of the project, we’ve all become good friends."

=> Project đã giúp gắn kết mọi người, củng cố mối quan hệ trong lớp => Đáp án là A



Nhiều bạn khi nghe "We were then able to tackle the complex problem ..." thì chọn đáp án B

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23
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem phần nào làm Paul bất ngờ





Nghe thấy "However, I was amazed by the amount of written assignments"

=> Ngạc nhiên với số lượng assignment được viết => Đáp án là A



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24
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Also this year, we’ve added a module of law. How do you feel about that?"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "At first we felt that learning law is kind of redundant and too time-consuming"

=> Đây chỉ là cảm giác lúc đầu (time-consuming = take too much time) => Loại đáp án C



Sau đó nghe "After a few sessions, we realised that it is necessary in dealing with future medical disputes"

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25
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "What bothers me most is handing in essays on time"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.

Sau đó nghe "So rationalising your time is critical"

=> Phải quản lý thời gian tốt khi viết essay => Đáp án là câu E



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26
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "The lectures deliver so much useful information"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.

Sau đó nghe "I have poor memory so I kept making notes and revisiting them on a regular basis"

=> Cần phải xem lại notes thường xuyên => Đáp án là G



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27
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "How was the research?"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.

Nghe thấy "The majority of us had no clue how to carry out the research at first. Fortunately, when I was digging up reference materials at the library, I sought help from the librarian"

=> Do không biết cách thực hiện research nên tìm tài liệu trong thư viện và nhờ librarian giúp => Đáp án là câu C



Lưu ý, "librarian" ở đây thuộc "supporting staff" chứ không phải "teaching staff".

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28
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Have you checked out the online forum?"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.

Sau đó nghe "It is where the students post academic problems that they come across and get support from the faculty members"

=> Đó là nơi mà học sinh đăng những vấn đề về học tập mà họ gặp phải và được trợ giúp từ những thành viên của khoa => faculty members = teaching staff => Đáp án là A



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29
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Some of my classmates didn’t do so well during the placement tests"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.

Sau đó nghe "I feel that background reading is necessary"

=> Đáp án là B



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30
H
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Lastly, do you have anything to say to the freshmen?

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.





Nghe thấy "I made tons of notes and worked hard even on the optional assignments to get extra credit [...] have an emotional breakdown"

=> Kinh nghiệm trước đây của speaker, ý nói freshmen không nên làm những điều này

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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Penguins in Africa
Appearance and lifestyle
They are also called Jackass Penguins for the sound they make.
The
31
of their body remains constant.
They restrict their
32
on land from dusk till dawn.
They cannot fly because they have heavy
33
.
They nest under
34
.
They eat tree
35
.
Predators
  • seals

  • 

    36
    

  • seagulls (eat the penguin

    37
    )

Threats
They lose
38
in winter.
They are fighting for nesting
39
and food because of human activities.
In order to improve survivorship, it is helpful to increase the
40
of their genes.

❓ Tapescript section 4

Penguins In Africa
00:00
Good morning everyone. Today’s lecture is about a type of adorable animal— the penguin. When you think of penguins, you may picture them surrounded by snow and ice.
But not all penguins live where it’s cold—African penguins live in the southern tip of Africa. They are usually found within 40 kilometres of the shore and on a number of its surrounding islands.
African Penguins are also known as Jackass Penguins, because they make donkey- like braying sounds to communicate. African penguins can keep their body temperature at a stable level.
But their land habitat can get quite warm, so there are a number of ways for them to stay cool. They limit their daylight movements on breeding sites on land to early mornings and early evenings to avoid too much sun.
The pink glands above their eyes can help them cope with the temperate climates. Like other penguins, African penguins spend most of the day feeding in the ocean, which also helps keep them cool.
Being a type of small to medium sized penguin species, African penguins average about 60 centimetres tall and weigh up to 3.6 kilograms. They have a black stripe and a pattern of unique black spots on their chest. Males are larger than females and have larger beaks.
Even though they are categorised as birds, African penguins aren’t able to fly because of their heavy bones. Their wings are more like flippers that make them particularly suited for life in the water. When they’re on land, their flippers and their tails help them keep their balance and walk upright.
African Penguins begin to breed at the average age of four. When a male and female pair up, they tend to breed together for the rest of their lives. Most other penguins nest and lay their eggs out in the open, but African penguins have a different approach.
They dig holes under bushes out of their own excrement, called guano, so they are sheltered from the sun and predators.
The African Penguin survives on a diet that is comprised mainly of marine organisms. They feed primarily on fish like sardines, along with the occasional squid and shellfish.
But when normal food is in short supply, they eat tree roots as well. The streamlined body of the African Penguin allows it to move through the water like a rocket, capable of reaching a speed of around 20 kilometres per hour when hunting for food.
The African Penguin’s smaller size means that it has many predators both in the water and also on dry land. Their natural predators at sea include seals and sharks.
The biggest threat to them on land is not just towards the adult penguins. The penguin chicks are sometimes taken by seagulls into the air and dropped from above. The seagulls could thus feed on them.
At risk from predators, young penguins are protected for about 40 days after hatching by both parents. They will leave the colony when they are between 3 to 5 months old and will return a few years later.
The entire surface of their body is densely covered with feathers, which fall off during the winter. This process is called molting and takes about three weeks to complete. During that time, they are unable to forage.
Therefore prior to this, African penguins spend about five weeks laying down fat deposits. They generally live between 10 to 15 years, however many do not reach their full life span.
Their population has drastically declined. Approximately 120,000 African penguins remain in the wild, and their population has decreased by 90% in the past 60 years. They are considered to be vulnerable and have been listed as being endangered. Two major factors have contributed to their decline.
They are struggling for nesting space due to human disruption and competing for food due to overfishing and pollution. With the limited number of breeding pairs, survivorship becomes difficult for African penguins.
This makes them especially vulnerable as environmental conditions change or an outbreak of a disease occurs. For instance, avian malaria has caused 27% of the captive-breeding penguins’ deaths annually. The more genetic diversity there is within a species, the high the likelihood that at least some of the individuals will adapt and survive.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
temperature
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là cái gì đó trên cơ thể luôn được duy trì ổn định





Bạn sẽ nghe "African penguins can keep their body temperature at a stable level."

=> Chim cánh cụt châu Phi có thể giữ nhiệt độ cơ thể ở mức ổn định (remains constant = at a stable level) => Đáp án: temperature



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32
movements
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem chim cánh cục restrict cái gì





Sau đó nghe "They limit their daylight movements on breeding sites on land to early mornings and early evenings to avoid too much sun."

=> Chúng hạn chế di chuyển ban ngày trên các địa điểm sinh sản trên cạn vào sáng sớm và chiều tối để tránh quá nhiều nắng (restrict = limit, dusk till dawn = early mornings and early evenings)

=> Đáp án: movements



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33
bones
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem penguins không thể bay vì có cái gì nặng

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Even though they are categorised as birds, African penguins aren’t able to fly"





Sau đó nghe "because of their heavy bones."

=> Đáp án: bones



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34
bushes
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là địa điểm nào đó mà chim cánh cụt làm tổ





Sau đó bạn nghe "They dig holes under bushes out of their own excrement, called guano,...."

=> Chúng làm tổ ở những cái lỗ dưới bụi cây => Đáp án: bushes



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35
roots
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem chim cánh cụt ăn bộ phận nào của cây

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "They feed primarily on fish like sardines, along with the occasional squid and shellfish" (đề cập tới thức ăn)

Sau đó nghe "But when normal food is in short supply, they eat tree roots as well. "

=> Nhưng khi thiếu thức ăn bình thường, chúng ăn cả rễ cây => Đáp án: roots



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36
sharks
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một con thú ăn thịt chim cánh cụt, bên cạnh seals

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "The African Penguin’s smaller size means that it has many predators both in the water and also on dry land"

Sau đó nghe "Their natural predators at sea include seals and sharks"

=> Thú ăn thịt ở biển của chúng bao gồm hải cẩucá mập => Đáp án: shark



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37
chicks
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem seagulls ăn gì liên quan tới penguins





Nghe thấy "The penguin chicks are sometimes taken by seagulls into the air and dropped from above. The seagulls could thus feed on them"

=> Seagulls có thể ăn những con penguin con => Đáp án: chicks



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38
feathers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một thứ mà chim cánh cụt sẽ bị mất đi vào mùa đông.





Sau khi nghe "The entire surface of their body is densely covered with feathers, which fall off during the winter"

=> Lông vũ của chúng thường sẽ rụng vào mùa đông => Đáp án: feathers



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39
space/spaces
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem penguins phải đấu tranh cho cái gì liên quan tới nesting





Nghe thấy "They are struggling for nesting space due to human disruption and competing for food due to overfishing and pollution."

=> Chúng đang phải đấu tranh cho nesting space food => Đáp án: space



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40
diversity
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem nên tăng cái gì về gene của chúng để cải thiện sự sống sót của chim cánh cụt.

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "With the limited number of breeding pairs, survivorship becomes difficult for African penguins"

Sau đó nghe "The more genetic diversity there is within a species, the higher the likelihood that at least some of the individuals will adapt and survive"

=> Cần tăng genetic diversity (sự đang dạng về gen) để tăng khả năng sống sót của chim cánh cụt => Đáp án: diversity



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