Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 3 - Listening Test 4 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

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Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 3 - Listening Test 4 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
JOB ENOUIRY

❓ Tapescript section 1

Job Enouiry
00:00
Manager:
Hi there, welcome to the Job Centre. How can I help?
Lauren:
Good morning, I’m here to enquire as to whether you have any jobs available at the moment?
Manager:
Yes, we have several available. What kind of job is it that you’re looking for?
Lauren:
Well, um, I’ll take any Example part-time jobs I can get.
Lauren:
I’m really strapped for cash at the moment.
Manager:
Okay, bear with me while I have a browse on our system.
Manager:
Here we are. We have three vacancies at the moment, all involving quite different roles.
Lauren:
That sounds promising. What are they?
Manager:
The first one is for a post as a receptionist.
Manager:
It says here that experience in reception or general administration is preferred, but not essential.
Manager:
Have you worked on a reception desk previously?
Lauren:
No, I haven’t. I had a baby quite young, and so I have very little work experience.
Lauren:
Could you tell me a few more details?
Manager:
Yes, of course. The job will be to mainly provide quality customer service both over the phone and in person.
Manager:
When customers are waiting you will be expected to provide them with refreshments and ensure they have a first-rate experience.
Lauren:
I think I could manage that, and I’m a very friendly person!
Manager:
That’s great.
Lauren:
Do you have any information about the hours involved?
Manager:
It says here that you will be expected to work several early mornings, 4 days a week.
Lauren:
Any other requirements?
Manager:
Yeah, you’ll have to go through a couple of weeks of unpaid training before qualifying for the post.
Lauren:
Hmm, I don’t know if I would be able to fully commit to that. Did you say it’s 4 days per week?
Manager:
Yeah, it says here 4 days a week, with another day off per week when requested in advance.
Manager:
It also explicitly states that at least one of your working days must fall on a weekend.
Lauren:
I’ll have to think about that and talk to my babysitter.
Lauren:
Are there any other roles beginning later in the day?
Manager:
Yes, there’s an advertisement here for a driver.
Manager:
It says you’ll need a clean and valid UK driver’s license, with absolutely no exception.
Lauren:
No problems there. I passed my test first time and have never received any points.
Manager:
It also explicitly states that you must be over twenty-five and have been driving for at least six years.
Lauren:
That sounds quite exciting. Is there any more information?
Manager:
Yep, it says here that working hours are flexible, and the employers are happy to work within your personal schedule since they employ multiple drivers.
Lauren:
That’s great.
Manager:
The employers ask for a commitment to either mornings 5 days per week, evenings 5 days per week, or three full working days per week.
Lauren:
I’m sure I can handle all that without a problem.
Manager:
As well as driving the employers to and from work, they will ask you to perform various duties on their behalf, such as collecting the grocery shopping, and picking their children up from school.
Lauren:
Do they need me to work a day on the weekend as well?
Manager:
No, it says here that they only require you to work on weekdays, not weekends.
Lauren:
That sounds interesting.
Manager:
Okay, there’s only one more left, another customer service-related post.
Manager:
It looks like it requires you to work short hours, quite late at night, so it might not be suitable for you.
Manager:
Do you want to hear about it anyway?
Lauren:
Yeah, can’t do any harm.
Manager:
Okay, so it’s a post for a cashier in acinema in the centre of town.
Manager:
I’m sure you’ve been to the cinema a few times, so you can guess what kind of role it would be.
Manager:
They’re quite short and late shifts, between 17.30 and 22.30 most nights, with slightly longer shifts on Friday and Saturday nights.
Lauren:
Mmm, can you tell me what the job involves?
Manager:
Yes, sure. It says that you’ll be required to sell and dispense tickets, and provide refreshments.
Manager:
Also, they ask that you be quick on the computers since you’ll also need to take bookings over the phone, but you’ll receive basic training for that.
Lauren:
Do they need me to work weekdays as well?
Manager:
Well, it says here that if you request at least a fortnight in advance, they will grant you a day off on Mondays, but never on a weekend.
Lauren:
Mmm. I’ll think it over and let you know later. Thanks for all your help.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
receptionist
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là một nghề nghiệp



Nghe thấy "The first one is for a post as a receptionist"

=> Đáp án: receptionist



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2
quality customer/customer
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về nghĩa vụ của công việc (to provide ___ service)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " Could you tell me a few more details"

Tiếp tục nghe được "The job will be to mainly provide quality customer service both over the phone and in person"

=> Cung cấp quality customer service cả qua điện thoại lẫn trực tiếp => Đáp án: (quality) customer



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3
early mornings
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thời gian làm việc (working hours: ___ )

=> Biết đáp án sẽ tới sau "Do you have any information about the hours involved"

Manager nói "It says here that you will be expected to work several early mornings, 4 days a week."

=> Đáp án: early morning

(lưu ý đáp án cần tìm là working hours nên 4 days a week không phải là đáp án đúng)

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4
training
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một thứ mà nhân viên được nhận mà không phải trả phí





Sau khi nghe "Any other requirements?"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Tiếp tục nghe "Yeah, you’ll have to go through a couple of weeks of unpaid training before qualifying for the post"

Xem full giải thích
5
driver
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một nghề nghiệp

=> Biết đáp án sẽ tới sau "Are there any other roles beginning later in the day?"

Tiếp tục nghe được manager nói "Yes, there’s an advertisement here for a driver."

=> Đang có quảng cáo tuyển driver => Đáp án: driver



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6
flexible
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là thời gian làm việc



Mình nghe được manager nói luôn là "Yep, it says here that working hours are flexible "

=> Đáp án: flexible



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7
grocery shopping
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ mà driver cần collect

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "As well as driving the employers to and from work" (ý tới trước đáp án)

Nghe tiếp thấy "they will ask you to perform various duties on their behalf, such as collecting the grocery shopping"

=> Nhiệm vụ cần làm là collect grocery shopping => Đáp án: grocery shopping



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8
weekends
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về ngày nghỉ



Nghe thấy "Do they need me to work a day on the weekend?" (hỏi về lịch làm)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Manager trả lời "no, they only require you to work on weekdays, not weekends."

=> Cuối tuần được nghỉ => Đáp án: weekends

(ở đây chỉ những ngày cuối tuần, nên dùng số nhiều)

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9
cinema
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là nơi cần vị trí cashier



Sau khi nghe "Okay, there’s only one more left"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Tiếp theo nghe "Okay, so it’s a post for a cashier in a cinema in the centre of town"

=> Có một bài đăng tuyển cashier cho một cinema ở trung tâm thị trấn => Đáp án: cinema



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10
bookings
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi nghe "...sell and dispense tickets, and provide refreshments " (ý tới trước đáp án)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới





Sau đó manager nói thêm "they ask that you be quick on the computers since you’ll also need to take bookings over the phone"

=> Cần dùng máy tính nhanh vì cần take bookings on over the phone => Đáp án: bookings



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 14
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
11
The host families will
A
earn a big money.
B
receive no pay.
C
receive stable pay.
12
What is the guest expected to overcome when suffering from culture shock?
A
loneliness
B
difficulty to make friends
C
language barriers
13
What can the guests do if they want to become familiar with host families?
A
talk about personal interests
B
clean their rooms
C
cook together
14
What’s likely to happen to the guests in the long run?
A
They will enhance cultural understanding.
B
They will gain overseas experience.
C
They will know more people from different countries.
Question 15 - 20
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
HOW TO APPLY FOR A HOMESTAY

❓ Tapescript section 2

Connection
00:00
Thank you all for coming to my talk this evening.
It’s nice to see so many people in the audience.
For those of you who don’t know very much about ‘Connection’, let me start by giving you some background information about it.
‘Connection’ is a British organisation that facilitates homestays all over the globe.
This organisation prides itself on matching tens of thousands of host families with guests every single year, allowing travellers to discover a country’s culture in a way like no other.
Homestays are ideal for both travellers and homeowners, enabling inter-cultural exchanges and the development of life-long friendships, while providing travellers with often discounted accommodation costs, and host families with a steady income from the comfort of their own homes.
The homestay experience is particularly popular with university exchange students looking for a more genuine insight into their country of choice, and an unrivalled opportunity to develop their language skills.
The homestay experience is truly unique and once-in- a-lifetime, and one that you will likely remember for the rest of your lives.
It is important to note, however, that some people will find it difficult to adapt to the new country, with many enduring what is known as ‘culture shock’.
Connection’s advice for those suffering from culture shock, is to go out and make as many friends as possible, no matter how difficult you may find it.
Friends are guaranteed to help you feel more integrated as part of the local society, and show you some great places to hang out.
At first, it might seem extremely challenging to overcome the language barrier between you and your host family; however, you will find that you quickly overcome this and develop a very close and almost familial relationship.
Many of our travellers have suggested that they have found discussing their hobbies and other interests with their host families is the best way to overcome any barriers, since you are more than likely to find something you share in common.
For example, you might find that you are both passionate about football, and end up playing in the local field every week.
One of our guests undertaking a homestay in a rural area of the UK told us that she and her host now take a Tai Chi class together upon a hilltop at sunrise, calling the experience ‘absolutely breathtaking’.
After the first few weeks, you will find your understanding of the people around you and their culture deepens by leaps and bounds, and you will soon become one of the locals. Our hosts, in over 140 countries, turn a location into a culture, time into experience and strangers into friends.
So how can you find out about applying for a homestay?
The best way would be to visit Connection’s website, www.connection.com, and contact one of their friendly advisors for more information.
Once you have confirmed your interest in the service, we would strongly advise that you remain in close contact with the registration office, which will send you several emails keeping you up-to-date with potential matches in your country of choice.
Once registered, Connection will require you to send various documents, and will act as an intermediary between you and the host family prior to final confirmation and payment.
During this stage, Connection will ask you to Q16 provide two photos, one for the host family, and the other for our own records.
Please ensure that you sign the back of each photo.
Due to the nature of the service Connection provides, security is an absolute must, and they will ask you to send in photocopies of your passport, birth certificate, and a bank statement as confirmation of your identity.
On receipt of these documents, the official process will begin and your bank account will be debited for the initial deposit of £200.
If you haven’t received any acknowledgement confirming receipt of these documents from us within seven working days, please contact the main office.
As I mentioned before, due to the nature of the organisation, Connection operates a meticulous screening process, and applicants will undergo an interview in our head office in London, with exceptions made in extreme circumstances.
After your interview, it may take us several weeks to carry out the decision process, so please be patient with us.
If you would like a fast-track service, please indicate this on your application and we will notify you of the additional charges.
Finally, once we have come to a result about your application, you will receive a decision in the post.
If you do not receive an offer of placement, we will refund your deposit within 7 working days.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Homestays are ideal for both traveller và homeowner" (=host families)

=> Đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Speaker nói tiếp "... while providing travellers with often discounted accommodation costs, and host families with a steady income from the comfort of their own homes."

=> Cùng cấp travellers giá nhà ở rẻ còn host families được steady income (steady income=stable pay) => Đáp án là C



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12
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy "Connection’s advice for those suffering from culture shock, is to go out and make as many friends as possible, no matter how difficult you may find it."

=> Các khách trải qua culture shock nên ra ngoài kết bạn cho dù có khó cỡ nào đi nữa => Đáp án là B



Xem full giải thích
13
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem khách có thể làm gì nếu muốn thân hơn với chủ nhà





Sau khi nghe " develop a very close and almost familiar relationship. "

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Nghe thấy "they have found discussing their hobbies and other interests with their host families is the best way to overcome any barriers"

Xem full giải thích
14
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem về lâu dài, điều gì sẽ xảy ra với khách





Mình nghe được speaker nói luôn "After the first few weeks, you will find your understanding of the people around you and their culture deepens by leaps and bounds"

=> Sau vài tuần sẽ hiểu biết nhiều hơn về mọi người cũng như văn hóa => Đáp án là A



Xem full giải thích
15
registration office
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem cần liên lạc với ai



Mình nghe tiếp "remain in close contact with the registration office''

=> Giữ liên lạc với registration office (keep in touch with = contact) => Đáp án: registration office



Xem full giải thích
16
records/own records
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem số ảnh còn lại sẽ được gửi tới đâu, bên cạnh host families

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Connection will ask you to provide two photos, one for the host family "

Tiếp tục nghe "and the other for our own records"

=> Đáp án: records



Xem full giải thích
17
identity
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem gửi documents để confirm cái gì





Mình nghe được " they will ask you to send in photocopies of your passport, birth certificate, and a bank statement as confirmation of your identity. "

=> Yêu cầu gửi bản sao hộ chiếu, giấy khai sinh và statement từ ngân hàng (= document) để confirm identity => Đáp án: identity



Xem full giải thích
18
acknowledgement
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ nhận được sau 7 ngày





Nghe được speaker nói "If you haven’t received any acknowledgement confirming receipt of these documents from us within seven working days, please contact the main office."

=> Họ sẽ nhận được acknowledgement trong vòng 7 ngày làm việc => Đáp án: acknowledgement



Xem full giải thích
19
interview
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là một thứ ở London



Sau khi nói sẽ có một screening process, speaker nói cụ thể hơn "all applicants will undergo an interview in our head office in London, "

=> Tất cả ứng viên phải vượt qua một cuộc phỏng vấn ở trụ sở London (have=undergo) => Đáp án: interview

Xem full giải thích
20
decision
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một thứ được viết tay mà họ nhận được





Sau khi nghe "Finally"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Tiếp tục nghe ", once we have come to a result about your application, you will receive a decision in the post."

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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 26
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
What kind of research method does the professor recommend?
A
interview
B
observation
C
questionnaire
22
What is the project based on?
A
a study they did before in Australia
B
a similar angle someone has done before
C
an Australian study
23
What does the professor advise Douglas to do about the formation of the focus groups?
A
strengthen the group in size
B
reduce the number of children in each group
C
build more than 3 groups
24
To do the project best, the professor suggests the students
A
interview various people or sectors.
B
not be too ambitious.
C
not be too ambitious.
25
To gather data, the professor asks Jane
A
to replace other people’s advice.
B
to simplify the textbook.
C
to practice using the date table.
26
The reason why Douglas hasn’t read enough reference books is that
A
he doesn’t have enough time.
B
he thinks there are too many books to read.
C
he hasn’t spent time in the library.
Question 27 - 30
What do the students decide about the following parts of the project?
Write the correct letter, A, B or C.
List of Findings
A
Jane will do
B
Douglas will do
C
They will do together
27
final report
28
sheet preparation
29
letter
30
transcript

❓ Tapescript section 3

Research In Preparation For Final Essay
00:00
Professor:
For next week, I’d like you to undertake a piece of research in preparation for writing your final essay.
Professor:
In order to gain top marks, you must include a range of primary, secondary, and tertiary sources.
Professor:
Are there any questions?
Douglas:
Yes, Professor, I have a question. We haven’t yet covered how to undertake this sort of research in much depth, and I’m a little unsure of what you want us to do.
Douglas:
In telling us to include primary sources, do you mean you want us to design and distribute a questionnaire, analysing the results?
Professor:
You could design a questionnaire, but you’ll soon find that distributing a questionnaire on such a large scale is somewhat troublesome.
Professor:
We couldn’t possibly expect you to do it effectively as an individual university student without the necessary resources.
Professor:
No, ideally I would like you to form one or two focus groups, and interview them.
Professor:
This will provide you with a more qualitative approach.
Professor:
If your strengths lie in mathematics, please by all means take a more quantitative approach, but this will be more strenuous and time consuming, and isn’t entirely necessary for the purpose of this study.
Jane:
Professor, you haven’t told us what our project is about.
Jane:
Do we get to choose our own topic based on the previous study?
Professor:
No, I’m afraid not. This will be a strictly Australian study;
Professor:
however, you can choose which angle you’d like to take, so long as it remains within the realm of anthropology.
Professor:
Does anyone have any questions specifically about the formation of the focus groups?
Professor:
’ve had several emails about this, and I’d like to address it now.
Douglas:
My study is related to growing up in Australia, and the question of nature versus nurture.
Douglas:
I’ve gathered more than two hundred school children who would be happy to participate in a focus group.
Douglas:
Do you think we’ll need to include that many participants in a focus group?
Professor:
Blimey, Douglas, well done for finding that many willing children, but you definitely don’t need that many for the study you’re going to undertake.
Professor:
I’d say you need no more than five children per group, and no more than three groups, so fifteen children altogether.
Professor:
You definitely need to control the group size in order to generate a meaningful dialogue.
Douglas:
OK, if it’s useful, I’ll try and do it...
Professor:
I appreciate your enthusiasm for the project, but there are plenty of different ways to gather data, and I’m sure that if you look hard enough, you’ll find someone who has conducted almost the exact same research in the past.
Professor:
My advice for you is don’t be too ambitious, and try to include as much information about various people or sectors.
Jane:
For those who haven’t ever collected original data before, what do you suggest we do?
Professor:
I would suggest that you read accounts from other people who have undertaken such research to see what advice they can give.
Professor:
I would also encourage you to read Chapter Eight in the course textbook, which should give you a good introduction to collecting data.
Professor:
Moreover, you should try to practice using the data table provided in your course handbook.
Professor:
By now you should have read at least six or seven books giving quite detailed instruction on how to go about collecting data.
Douglas:
Professor, I don’t know about everyone else, but I m having trouble reading the books.
Douglas:
I had a really big assignment for another course and I’ve been spending all my time on that.
Douglas:
Jane, have you read all the books the professor mentioned?
Jane:
Well, my trouble is getting hold of the books. I’ve been to the library several times, but all the books are out.
Professor:
Sounds like you should have started borrowing books a bit earlier.
Jane:
Yes, I should have. But I got several ones from my friend a couple of days ago.
Jane:
I just skimmed through them, and don’t remember a lot of the information.
Jane:
But now let’s look at these things. We’ll need to start thinking about which ones we’ll definitely want to do for the project.
Douglas:
Okay. The first one here is the final report.
Jane:
If you like, we can work together on the research and data-collection side of the project, and doing the final write-up?
Douglas:
Cool. That sounds good. I’m not sure how much I’d be able to contribute considering I haven’t had a chance to read the course material.
Douglas:
But I should be able to prepare some sheets and a list of questions that can be used during the focus group sessions.
Jane:
That sounds appropriate. I think so too.
Douglas:
Do you think we’ll need to write a letter to send to the participants, telling them the time and place for the interviews?
Jane:
Positive. I can take care of that.
Douglas:
Well, that’s great.
Jane:
I should also include a document for them to sign saying that they’re happy to be voice-recorded.
Douglas:
Oh yes, of course. I forgot about the transcript.
Douglas:
That’ll likely be a big job, so let’s do half each, I’ll do one of the groups and you can do the other. Okay?
Jane:
Sounds like a plan!

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem professor khuyến khích research method nào





Nghe thấy "You could design a questionnaire"

Tuy nhiên nghe tiếp thấy "but you’ll soon find that distributing a questionnaire on such a large scale is somewhat troublesome."

=> Việc phân bổ questionnaire tương đối rắc rối => Loại đáp án C



Xem full giải thích
22
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Học sinh hỏi "Do we get to choose our own topic based on the previous study?"

Professor trả lời "No"

=> Không được dựa vào các nghiên cứu trước đây => Loại đáp án A và B



Nghe tiếp "This will be a strictly Australian study"

=> Chỉ xoay quanh Australian study => Chọn đáp án C



Xem full giải thích
23
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đầu tiên ngeh thấy "I've gathered more than two hundred school children..."

Tuy nhiên nghe được professor nói "don’t need that many for the study you’re going to undertake"

=> Không cần nhiều đến thế => Loại đáp án A



Professor cũng nói tiếp "need no more than five children per group, and no more than three groups, so fifteen children altogether"

=> Từ 200 người xuống còn 15 người => Professor muốn giảm lượng người tham gia => Đáp án đúng là B



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24
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Professor nói "My advice for you is don’t be too ambitious"

=> Đáp án đúng là B



Có nhắc đến various people and sectors nhưng là include information chứ không phải interview

=> Loại đáp án A



Có nhắc đến hard enough nhưng là look hard enough để tìm study tương tự trong qua khứ

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25
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Về việc collect date, professor nói "read accounts from other people who have undertaken such research to see what advice they can give"

=> Đọc các ghi chép của những người đã thực hiện để tham khảo các lời khuyên => Không phải replace advice => Loại đáp án A



Tiếp theo là "read Chapter Eight in the course textbook"

=> Đọc chương 8 => Không phải simplify => Loại đáp án B



Và cuối cùng là "try to practice using the data table"

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26
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "but I'm having trouble reading the books."

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Nghe tiếp " I had a really big assignment for another course and I’ve been spending all my time on that"

=> Có assignment lớn cho môn khác nên đã dành nhiều thời gian vào đó => Anh ấy không có đủ thời gian => Chọn đáp án A



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27
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "The first one here is the final report."

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Sau đó Jane suggest "we can work together" và Douglas đồng ý " Cool. That sounds good"

=> Đáp án đúng là C



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28
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi đồng ý với Jane, Douglas nói luôn "But I should be able to prepare some sheets" (= sheet preparation)

=> Đáp án đúng là B



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29
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe Douglas hỏi "Do you think we'll need to write a letter to send to the participants,..."

=> Đáp án chuẩn bị vào





Sau đó nghe được Jane trả lời "I can take care of that."

=> Đáp án đúng là A



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30
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe " I forgot about the transcript"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Tiếp theo nghe được " That’ll likely be a big job, so let’s do half each,I’ll do one of the groups and you can do the other"

=> Đó là nhiệm vụ lớn, mỗi người sẽ làm một nửa => Đáp án là C



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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 36
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
GRAPHICAL SYMBOL
‘Graphical symbol’
- includes the logographs in Egyptian hieroglyphic writing and ancient Chinese pictograms
- found in Africa, the Americas, and Oceania
- still has something to do with
31
    use today
Ancient graphic writing systems
- Researchers obtain a wide range of
32
    about past civilisations.
- Rosetta Stone was found in 1799 when members of Napoleon’s expedition got to Egypt.
- Frenchman Jean-François Champollion determined the phonetic values of the symbols in 1822.
- In those symbols,
33
    are used to depict various meanings.
Camera obscura
-
34
    helps people understand history better.
- Some charities will 
35
    many endangered species.
- A camera was tied to one
36
    of a bird.
Question 37 - 40
Complete the sentences below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
More
37
will be included in the future with the development of photography. 
Companies would like to invest a lot to advertise in
38
. Designing appealing
39
is used as a way of effective branding. 
Graphic writing systems are of great importance in the subject of
40
 

❓ Tapescript section 4

Graphical Symbol
00:00
Good morning everyone! Today I’m going to talk about the graphical symbol.
A graphic symbol is a written symbol that is used to represent speech, such as those used in the Greek alphabet.
The term ‘graphic symbol’ encompasses anything from the logographs used in Egyptian hieroglyphic writing, to ancient Chinese pictograms.
Early symbols were based on pictographs and ideograms before they were developed into logographic writing systems.
These systems are still in use in some non-literate cultures in Africa, the Americas, and Oceania.
Indeed, elements of pictography are still found in modern Chinese characters, and it is often an interesting exercise to trace the origins of some Chinese characters.
Pictographs remain in common commercial use today as signs, instructions, or statistical diagrams.
Road signs and public toilet signs, and even flat-pack assembly instructions utilising pictures are considered pictographic.
Ancient graphic writing systems provide researchers with a wealth of knowledge about past civilisations.
In 1799, one of the most important historical discoveries was made by accident when members of Napoleon’s expedition to Egypt found a stone in Rosetta that exhibited three different scripts.
The stone, now known as the Rosetta Stone, was studied in significant depth by scholars, and was first deciphered by Frenchman Jean-François Champollion in 1822.
He was able to correctly determine the phonetic values of the symbols, and later research has confirmed his findings.
In many of these symbols, lines are used to portray a multitude of meanings, and knowledge and understanding of these lines holds the key to comprehension of graphic writing systems.
A key moment in the history of communication was the invention of the camera obscura, or camera.
Although the concept can be traced back to the fifth century B.C. Chinese philosopher Mo Ti, the first photographic image was ultimately created in 1826 by Joseph Nicephore Niepce.
Photography, as it was later known, enables researchers to piece together and better understand history.
Today, photography forms a huge part of everyday life and most publications contain a vast number of photographs.
Photography is used in advertising, and is now becoming a way to increase awareness of existing world issues.
For example, animal welfare charities are increasingly using photography to advertise animals that are at high risk of endangerment.
Charity workers are sometimes flown to far-flung locations to document the suffering endured by high-risk animals in an attempt to raise human awareness of their consumption activities, and how they impact others.
One recent high profile campaign was undertaken by attaching a camera to the foot of a bird, in order to obtain photographs of the animals in their natural habitats, and understand how often they come into contact with human waste.
A soon-to-be-released documentary about the suffering of animals on Midway Island shows the full extent to which human consumption is harming animals thousands of miles away from us.
As photography continues to progress, with the use of drones now becoming somewhat commonplace, we should expect more and more objects to be included in the future, expanding the horizon of photography ever further.
Indeed, the downward pressure on traditional media prices means that media companies are being forced to get creative on how to make a profit.
Many have found that the answer to this lies in advertising, and companies are now willing to devote a large portion of their budgets to advertising in newspapers.
By the same token, marketing has become an essential part of a company’s business model, often meaning the success or failure of a company.
As a result, much time and money has been pumped into the development of effective branding, with attractive packaging playing a large role in this.
However, many governments are now seen to be cracking down on marketing and packaging in an attempt to protect consumers from being misled.
In particular, tobacco companies are now subject to ever increasing regulation.
For example, in the United Kingdom, legislation is soon to pass preventing any form of branding or differentiation on cigarette packaging in efforts to curb the harmful effects of smoking.
Finally, one must not forget the fundamental role that graphic writing systems have had to play in mathematics.
Graphs, icons, and diagrams often form the very basis of these branches of academia.
Indeed, one needs to look no further than chemistry’s periodic table to see a perfect example of graphic writing systems in use today.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
commercial
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về công dụng của Graphical symbol ngày nay



Sau khi nói đến nó được phát hiện ở đâu, speaker nói luôn " Pictographs remain in common commercial use today as signs, instructions, or statistical diagrams"

=> Pictographs vẫn được sử dụng với mục đích thương mại => Đáp án: commercial



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32
knowledge
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem researchers thu thập được cái gì về past civilisations



Nghe thấy " Ancient graphic writing systems provide researchers with a wealth of knowledge about past civilisations"

=> Cung cấp researchers knowledge về past civilisation (a wealth of = a wide range of) => Đáp án: knowledge



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33
lines
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ được dùng để depict meaning





Sau khi nghe "In many of these symbols,"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Tiếp theo nghe "lines are used to portray a multitude of meanings"

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34
Photography
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là thứ giúp mọi người hiểu lich sử hơn



Sau khi giới thiệu về camera obscura, speaker nói luôn "Photography, as it was later known, enables researchers to piece together and better understand history."

=> Photography cho phép researcher xâu chuỗi và hiểu lịch sử hơn => Đáp án: Photography



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35
advertise
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là điều mà charities làm với endangered species

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "animal welfare charities ..."

Sau đó nghe tiếp " using photography to advertise animals that are at high risk of endangerment"

=> Sử dụng hình ảnh để advertise động vật có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng (endangered species.= animals that are at high risk of endangerment) => Đáp án: advertise



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36
foot
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem camera sẽ được buộc vào phần nào của con chim



Mình nghe được speaker nói "One recent high profile campaign was undertaken by attaching a camera to the foot of a bird"

=>Camera được gắn vào chân của con chim (attach= tie to) => Đáp án: foot



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37
objects
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ sẽ được included nhiều hơn trong tương lai





Sau khi nói drones đang trở nên phổ biến, speaker nói tiếp "we should expect more and more objects to be included in the future"

=> Nhiều objetcs sẽ được included trong tương lai => Đáp án: objects



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38
newspapers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem các công ty muốn đầu tư vào quảng cáo cái gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "this lies in advertising"





Tiếp tục nghe được "companies are now willing to devote a large portion of their budgets to advertising in newspapers. "

=> Nhiều công ty sẵn sàng đầu tư nhiều vào việc quảng cáo newpapers => Đáp án: newpapers



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39
packaging
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ được thiết kế hấp dẫn để branding hiệu quả





Nghe thấy "development of effective branding, with attractive packaging playing a large role in this.

=> Packaging được thiết kế hấp dẫn để việc branding được hiểu quả (attractive=appealing) => Đáp án: packaging



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40
mathematics/math/maths
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem graphic writing systems đóng vai trò quan trọng trong lĩnh vực gì





Mình nghe được speaker nói luôn"the fundamental role that graphic writing systems have had to play in mathematics. "

=> Đóng vai trò quan trọng trong mathematics => Đáp án: mathematics



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