Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 2 - Listening Test 10 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

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Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 2 - Listening Test 10 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
PLAN FOR SHARING ACCOMMODATION

❓ Tapescript section 1

Plan For Sharing Accommodation
00:00
Peter:
Hey Jim, it’s Peter.
Jim:
Oh hey Peter. What’s up?
Peter:
I thought I’d call so we could hammer out the details for next year’s lease.
Jim:
That’s a good idea. Did we ever decide on how to split the total rent?
Peter:
Well, I was thinking since my room is bigger I probably should pay a little more, so I could pay £110 and you could pay £80. Does that sound okay?
Jim:
Considering that my old apartment cost me £100 for a smaller room, I’m definitely alright with that! Hey, I was looking at a map of the area, and can’t seem to find a bus stop near it. Do you know where we would catch the bus?
Peter:
Well, the bus is actually pretty far from us, but we have that garage that we can park out cars in.
Jim:
Wow, that’s great! Convenient parking is hard to find, so we’re lucky we have that. Okay, so we have a whole lot of things we’ll need to buy when we move in - how do you want to split that up?
Peter:
I was wondering - do you still work at the supermarket?
Jim:
Yep, every Tuesday and Saturday.
Peter:
Would you be able to buy things from there if I send you a shopping list?
Jim:
Sure, I can do that.
Peter:
Great. Then I can take care of whatever else we need that you wouldn’t get at a supermarket. If you want, I’ll pick you up from work that day and we can go to the apartment together.
Jim:
That would be great, thanks.
Peter:
No problem - that way we can split the cost of petrol.
Jim:
Works for me. It’s so expensive these days, isn’t it?
Peter:
It’s downright obscene.
Jim:
So let’s figure out what appliances we need. Do we have a microwave?
Peter:
Yes, the landlord’s providing that for us. Hey, do you still have that space heater though? We need one for the kitchen since it’s not connected to the central heating.
Jim:
Oh, right, I’ll bring that. Anything else?
Peter:
Well, I have some dining room and living room furniture I can bring, so that should take care of most of the big stuff. You know what we do need though? Could you bring a toaster?
Jim:
I actually don’t have one. It doesn’t come with the microwave?
Peter:
No, the landlord is only supplying the microwave. It would really help if you could bring one.
Jim:
Okay, I’ll pick one up at the store. You know, I also have this cool antique rotary phone that would be a cool addition to the apartment. Sort of as decoration and utility.
Peter:
Oh cool! The only thing is, we’d have to put it in the kitchen, unless you want it in your room.
Jim:
Why not put it in the living room?
Peter:
The living room is too loud to have a phone conversation. The noise sort of carries, so if one person is trying to watch TV or have friends over the person on the phone won’t be able to hear.
Jim:
Hm, okay, well I guess kitchen it is then. Any other big things we need? That seems like everything
Peter:
That’s all I can think of. And of course, move-in is
Jim:
June 1st. I can’t wait. We’ll be able to watch the big game in our new apartment - it’s going to be awesome!
Peter:
Yeah, we can move in in the morning and then Friday night we can sit back and cheer on Liverpool.
Jim:
I have an exam in the morning, but will be done around 11 a.m. and can move in after. Wait... Liverpool? You’re joking, right? I thought you were a Manchester United fan?
Peter:
MAN U? No way! Liverpool all the way!
Jim:
Oh no. I don’t know if I can live with a Liverpool fan...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
80
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về phần tiền thuê của Jim

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "...how to split total rent?"

Peter đề nghị "I could pay £110 and you could pay £80"

Jim trả lời "Considering that my old apartment cost me £100 for a smaller room, I’m definitely alright with that"

=> £100 là tiền thuê trước đây của Jim => Loại £100

=> Jim đồng ý với mức giá thuê £80 => Đáp án: 80


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2
garage
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về nơi đỗ xe (in the ___ )

Nghe tới "Do you know where we would catch the bus?" (đề cập tới phương tiện đi lại)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy "we have that garage that we can park our cars in"

=> Có thể đậu xe trong gara => Đáp án: garage



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3
supermarket
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về nơi để mua đồ

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "things we'll need to buy when we move in"



Peter hỏi Jim "Do you still work at the supermarket?" và Jim confirm "yep"

Tiếp đó Peter hỏi "would you be able to buy things from there" và Jim nói "sure"

=> Jim sẽ mua đồ từ siêu thị => Đáp án: supermarket



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4
petrol
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem họ phải share tiền gì



Nghe tới we can go to the apartment together

=> Đi tới căn hộ chung với nhau => Có thể sẽ chia tiền gì đó trong lúc đi chung => Đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "that way we can split the cost of petrol"

=> Có thể chia tiền xăng => Đáp án: petrol



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5
heater
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là một loại thiết bị dùng trong bếp

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Do we have a microwave" (ứng với ý tới trước đáp án)

Nghe thấy Peter hỏi về space heater và nói là "we need one for the kitchen"

=> Cần phải có máy sưởi để trong bếp => Đáp án: heater



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6
toaster
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thiết bị Jim sẽ mua

Nghe thấy câu hỏi "Could you bring a toaster?"

Sau đó thấy Jim nói "I'll pick one up at the store"

=> Jim sẽ mua toaster cho nhà mới => Đáp án: toaster



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7
kitchen
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về vị trí của telephone

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "I also have this cool antique rotary phone.."





Nghe thấy "we'd have to put it in the kitchen"

Peter giải thích là "the living room is too loud to have a phone conversation"

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8
1st June/June 1st
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là ngày họ dọn vào



Nghe tới Jim nói "that seems like everything"

=> Đã bàn bạc xong hết => Chuẩn bị nói tới các thứ khác => Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "move-in is June 1st"

=> Đáp án: June 1st / 1st June



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9
Friday evening/night
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Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "We'll be able to watch the big game..."

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "Friday night we can sit back and cheer on Liverpool"

=> Tối thứ sáu có thể ngồi cổ vũ Liverpool => Đáp án: Friday night/evening



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10
exam
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Jim cần làm gì trước khi dọn vào (take ___ in the morning)



Nghe tới Jim nói "I have an exam in the morning but [...] can move in later"

=> Jim phải take exam trước khi chuyển vào nhà mới => Đáp án: exam



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Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 12
Complete the sentences below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each question.
11
The program is made for travelers to make

.
12
The program operates in cooperation with the

.
Question 13 - 16
What is the internship stipulation of each country below?
Choose FOUR answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-F, next to questions.
List of Findings
A
home stay
B
no summer program
C
minimum time requirement
D
formal report required
E
specific time period
F
agriculture
13
USA
14
Australia
15
South Africa
16
India
Question 17 - 20
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
17
What should you do to get the Global Traveling Certificate?
A
record activity everyday
B
formal report
C
talk the experience with the assessor
18
You can apply for the certificate
A
only after you come back
B
while on the trip
C
before you leave
19
When should you pay the final installment?
A
the day before you leave
B
one month before you return
C
before you get your plane ticket
20
Before your application, you need
A
to take a health check
B
to attend the workshop
C
to meet people with whom you will work

❓ Tapescript section 2

Earn And Learn Company
00:00
Welcome to all of you… Can everybody see and hear me?... Good… I’m Sarah Conor, an HR representative of Earn and Learn. I have been asked today to talk to you about our company. So, for those of you who don’t know very much about the company, let me start by giving you some basic information about it.
Earn and Learn started nearly twenty years ago. It is not a charity but a for-profit company that enables promising entrepreneurs to make money while traveling. During the past ten years, it has grown rapidly and has gained great influence in most countries of the world.
We have a partnership with the school and take a large number of recent graduates from the business school. So if you are a recent graduate I’d say you can consider applying to our company.
Before your application, you might be curious about what sort of places you could go to. There are four main locations, but you also have the freedom to submit a different location and if they can make the necessary arrangements, you can go.
The first country Earn and Learn established locations in was the U.S., where you may choose from multiple locations, as long as you can commit to their more rigid schedule of August to December.
Also, you could do the Australia internship. That one is really cool - you work at a wildlife shelter and learn about the business practices of nonprofit organisations. You do have to be willing to commit 8 months for that one, through. Perhaps that’s a long time to be so far away, but I would say it is really an amazing opportunity.
I don’t know whether some of you are in decent physical shape. If so, the South Africa internship is another exciting one - you learn a lot about sustainable farming - but you would be doing some of the manual labor involved in maintaining a farm.
Indeed, it’s hard work, but I think you would definitely be able to do it. It may be wise to wait until after their summer is over so it's not so terribly hot.
In addition, There is a most recent established location in India. This one gives you more of a study abroad feel, given that they arrange a host family for you to stay with. In the other locations, you live in an apartment with other interns, so this is definitely a unique experience.
Regardless of where you go, at the end of the program you get a Global Traveling Certificate, as long as you can explain your experience. You can provide a written log of what you did. I recommend writing journal or blog entries about what you do everyday, or a weekly summary of each day.
Of course you don’t have to write up a formal report or anything like that. And you need to apply for it once you have returned.
Some students may want to know whether this is a paid internship. Actually you have to pay for the flight there yourself. But you have the opportunity to create your own small business, which could earn you money if it’s successful.
So basically you pay for it all up front, but when you’re there you can find ways to make money. That is to say, you pay for two thirds of the cost up front as a deposit, and then give the final installment one month prior to your return
Finally, I have to remind you that you need a health check before you go, to make sure you’re not going to spread any communicable diseases. In addition, before you go, you don’t have to attend any meetings or workshops. You’ll meet everyone you'll be working with once you get there.
Okay, well, that’s all I’ve time for today. Thanks for listening and I’m happy to take any questions if you have them...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
money
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem program được làm với mục đích gì (The program is made for travelers to make ____ )



Nghe tới tên công ty Earn and Learn started nearly twenty years ago

=> Đang giới thiệu công ty => Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "...a for-profit company that enables promising entrepreneurs to make money while traveling "

=> Cho người khởi nghiệp khả năng kiếm tiền trong khi đi du lịch => Đáp án: money



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12
school
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem chương trình hợp tác với ai



Nghe thấy "We have a partnership with the school and take a large number of recent graduates from the business school"

=> Có hợp tác với trường và nhận nguồn sinh viên mới tốt nghiệp từ trường => Đáp án: school



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13
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "The first country Earn and Learn established locations in was the U.S.

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "as long as you can commit to their more rigid schedule of August to December"

=> Có thời gian cụ thể cần phải tuân theo => Chọn đáp án E



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14
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "you could do the Australia internship"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "you do have to be willing to commit 8 months for that one"

=> Cần phải ở đó 8 tháng => Điều kiện là đòi hỏi khoảng thời gian tối thiểu cho chương trình này => Chọn đáp án C



Xem full giải thích
15
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "...the South Africa is another exciting one"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới





Nghe thấy "you would be doing some of the manual labor involved in maintaining a farm"

=> Cần phải tham gia làm nông => Chọn đáp án F



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16
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "There is a most recent established location in India"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "...they arrange a host family for you to stay with"

=> theo dạng homestay với gia đình khác => Chọn đáp án A



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17
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cần làm gì để có Global Traveling Certificate

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "at the end of the program you get a Global Traveling Certificate"

Nghe thấy "I recommend writing journal or blog entries about what you do everyday"

=> Gợi ý nên viết nhật ký hoặc blog ghi lại việc làm mỗi ngày để nhận được chứng chỉ => Chọn đáp án A



Nghe tiếp thấy "You don't have to write up a formal report or anything like that"

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18
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem khi nào có thể apply cho chứng chỉ



Nghe thấy "And you need to apply for it once you have returned"

=> Đăng kí sau khi quay trở về => Chọn đáp án A



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19
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem khi nào cần trả phần tiền còn lại

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "So basically, you have to pay for it all up front"

Nghe thấy "you pay for two thirds of the cost up front as a deposit, and then give the final installment one month prior to your return"

=> Trả 2/3 số tiền để đặt cọc; sau đó trả phần tiền sau cùng một tháng trước khi về => Chọn đáp án B



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20
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem trước khi apply cần làm gì finally

Nghe thấy "....you need a health check before you go"

=> Cần phải đi khám sức khỏe trước khi đi => Chọn đáp án A



Nghe tiếp thấy "you don't have to attend any meetings or workshops. You'll meet everyone you'll be working with once you get there"

=> Không cần phải tham dự gì hết và cũng không cần gặp đồng nghiệp trước => Loại đáp án B, C



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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 23
Choose THREE letters, A-G
Which THREE factors should the student consider while selecting courses?
A
class time
B
course topic
C
amount of homework
D
ease of course
E
relevant to future career
F
course structure
G
professor reputation
Question 24 - 27
Choose the correct letter, A, B, or C
24
The tutor recommends against taking Human Physiology because it would not be the best
A
time management
B
change at earning an A
C
topic for a research paper
25
The student decides to do a dissertation because
A
he takes it to boost his GPA
B
he likes to develop more supportive details
C
he wants to conduct more interviews
26
The student thought the research paper was
A
already completed
B
worth finishing
C
too complicated
27
The method of data collection was
A
interviews
B
lab studies
C
questionnaires
Question 28 - 30
Complete the sentences below
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer
28
First draft should be finished by the end of


29
Dissertation should be registered with the

in the Department Office
30
The student can get the relevant database from the

Office

❓ Tapescript section 3

Group Presentation Assignment
00:00
Student:
Hi, Professor Jamison, I was hoping we could talk this week about choosing courses for next semester.
Tutor:
That sounds great! Any idea yet what you would like to take?
Student:
Well, I was hoping you could kind of tell me.
Student:
There are so many to choose from. I don’t even know where to start!
Tutor:
Sure. Well, first thing’s first. Do you know what you will major in?
Tutor:
It is important to take courses that are relevant to your career path.
Student:
Well, I think I want to major in Biology.
Student:
I want to go to medical school, so it seems like it would make sense.
Tutor:
I agree - if you like Biology, it is definitely a good idea to focus on that since so many of the requirements overlap.
Student:
Okay, so I should take a few Biology classes then?
Tutor:
Yes, Let’s start there. You should pick one or two Biology classes.
Tutor:
Not just any Biology classes, though!
Tutor:
If possible, read online or talk to senior fellows and find out about the structure of the courses.
Tutor:
You don’t want to end up signing for two classes that require labs in the same semester - you’ll spend so much time in the Biology Department that you won’t see the light of day.
Student:
Oh right, good idea. I heard labs can be as long as 4 hours.
Tutor:
That is true. And another thing - make sure the topic is either relevant to your major, or something you are interested in learning about.
Tutor:
It sounds obvious, but do not just take a class because you heard it was easy, or because it does not require attendance.
Student:
Of course not. Though it would be really nice to have at least one class, that’s a little bit less rigorous than the ones I’m taking this semester.
Student:
I barely sleep as it is with all this studying.
Tutor:
That may have more to do with your study habits, though I don’t disagree that your schedule is really difficult this semester.
Tutor:
So any idea which Biology classes you may decide on for next semester?
Student:
Well, I was thinking of taking Human Physiology - it sounds relevant and interesting.
Tutor:
I think it is an interesting class, but I would recommend against it.
Tutor:
You are already in Human Anatomy, which also covers Physiology so it would be repetitive, and probably not the best use of your time.
Student:
If I already know some of the stuff, I could take it to boost my GPA a little bit.
Tutor:
Um, you could maybe do that, except the professor that teaches it is famous for giving out the fewest A’s of any professor.
Student:
Oh wow. Nevermind.
Tutor:
Now, changing subjects, have you decided yet on your research topic?
Student:
Well, I actually decided. I don’t want to do a research paper.
Student:
I’m going to do a dissertation instead.
Student:
I think I will much more enjoy coming up with a thesis and finding all the details to support it.
Tutor:
I see. Didn’t you already do some of the research though?
Tutor:
What happened to that?
Student:
Well, I started doing research. Then the more data I collected, the more complicated things got.
Student:
I realised I would have to take a lot more steps to randomise the sample, and then I realised I would need to control for more factors.
Tutor:
I see. What kind of data collection did you do?
Student:
I interviewed employees at the water treatment facility after Professor Dickinson recommended it.
Tutor:
I understand. Well, the research paper could be much more outside work, but it may be worth it if that is what you are interested in.
Student:
No, I am a lot happier just doing the dissertation.
Tutor:
That’s fine with me. Just remember, you need to finish your first draft and send it in soon.
Tutor:
It’s already the middle of February!
Student:
Oh wow, it is, isn’t it? I just have to finish it by the end of March, right?
Tutor:
Yep, but don’t forget! The date will really sneak up on you.
Student:
OK, I’ll make sure to set reminders in my calendar.
Student:
And who do I talk to about registering my dissertation?
Tutor:
You should go to the Department Office, and then talk to the secretary.
Student:
I thought I needed to talk to the Department Head.
Tutor:
Not for registering. If you need help developing your dissertation, that’s when you should go to the Department Head.
Student:
Oh, I see. And who would I see about getting access to the database of past research on my topic?
Tutor:
That you can find in the computer lab, specifically in the office - you’ll have to ask a lab technician to give you access.
Student:
Okay, Well, I’ll go ahead and get started on that then. Thanks!

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Tutor nhắc là “make sure the topic is either relevant to your major, or something you are interested in learning about”

=> Topic phải liên quan tới chuyên ngành hoặc mình hứng thú tới nó => Yếu tố phải cân nhắc là topic => Đáp án là B



Giáo viên có nói thêm là ''do not just take a class because you heard it was easy, or because it does not require attendance.''

=> Đừng chỉ nên chọn lớp bởi nó dễ hoặc không cần điểm danh => Mình loại đáp án D



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22
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Người tutor nói" first thing’s first. Do you know what you will major in? It is important to take courses that are relevant to your career path”.

=> Học sinh nên học các khóa mà liên quan đến career path (= future career) => Đáp án là E

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23
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau đó, student nói về lớp Biology class và nhận được lời khuyên''If possible, read online or talk to senior fellows and find out about the structure of the courses”.

=> Yếu tố cần quan tâm tiếp theo là structure of the courses (= courses structure) => Đáp án là F



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24
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng của câu là lớp ''Human Physiology''

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''I was thinking of taking Human Physiology ...''

Tutor nói “You are already in Human Anatomy, which also covers Physiology so it would be repetitive, and probably not the best use of your time.”

=> Môn Human Anatomy đã bao gồm Physiology rồi nên mình sẽ lãng phí thời gian => Đáp án là A



Sau đó, học sinh có nói là ''I could take it to boost my GPA a little bit.'' (ứng với đáp án B, đạt được điểm A = tăng điểm trung bình)

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25
B
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem vì sao sinh viên cần làm luận văn

Sinh viên đã nói “I’m going to do a dissertation instead."

Và giải thích lý do "I think I will much more enjoy coming up with a thesis and finding all the details to support it”.

=> Finding all the details to support it = develop more supportive details => Đáp án là B



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26
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về cảm nghĩ của sinh viên về “the research paper"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe " Didn’t you already do some of the research though? "

Sinh viên nói "Well, I started doing research. Then the more data I collected, the more complicated things got.”

=> Sinh viên đã nhấn mạnh research trở nên phức tạp khi có nhiều data => Đáp án là C



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27
A
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem học sinh collect data bằng cách nào

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau “What kind of data collection did you do?”





Sinh viên trả lời "I interviewed employees at the water treatment facility after Professor Dickinson recommended it”

=> Tôi đã phỏng vấn các nhân viên tại cơ sở xử lý nước sau khi Giáo sư Dickinson đề nghị => Đáp án là A



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28
March
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Giải thích chi tiết



Thông tin cần tìm là thời hạn mà bản first draft phải được hoàn thành

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "you need to finish your first draft and send it in soon. It’s already the middle of February!"





Nghe tiếp thì thấy " I just have to finish it by the end of March, right?" và tutor confirm là "Yep"

=> Đáp án: March



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29
secretary
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem luận văn nên được đăng kí với ai

=> Mình biết đáp án sẽ có sau "And who do I talk to about registering my dissertation?''





Tutor đã khuyên rằng “You should go to the Department Office, and then talk to the secretary

=> Mình nên nói chuyện với thư ký => Đáp án: secretary



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30
computer
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem học sinh có thể “get database” từ đâu

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau “And who would I see about getting access to the database of past research on my topic?”





Thông qua “That you can find in the computer lab, specifically in the office - you’ll have to ask a lab technician to give you access”

=> Có thể tìm thấy trong phòng máy tính, cụ thể là trong văn phòng - sẽ phải yêu cầu kỹ thuật viên phòng thí nghiệm cấp quyền truy cập => Ta đã có sẵn từ office => Đáp án: computer



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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each question.
THE GHERKIN BUILDING
Commissioned by:
31
firm called Foster and Partners.
The features of its appearance:
  • Its shape is like a

    32
    .

  • It can reduce the carbon

    33
    of the city.

  • It lets

    34
    pass through the building, both reducing heating costs and brightening up the workspace.

  • One false story claimed that the exterior of the building is partly made of

    35
    .

Architectural concept:
  • Links

    36
    with the workplace.

  • Relies less on

    37
    for temperature control than other similar buildings.

The features of its interior:
  • The atria that let fresh air pass through the interior are known as

    38
    .

  • There is a place for entertainment called the

    39
    at the top of the building.

The future of urban planning and architecture:
  • It is likely that the entire

    40
    will be designed with more similarly eco-friendly buildings in future.

  • A new building will be constructed aiming to produce zero waste and remove carbon dioxide from us as much as possible.

❓ Tapescript section 4

The Gherkin Building
00:00
Today I’d like to tell you about how U.K architects are playing their part to address the issue of global warming. You have seen many of these iconic buildings while going about your everyday life, but you may not know how they are affecting your tomorrow.
In 2003, construction was completed on the famous Swiss Re Building, or more informally called the Gherkin, a true masterpiece commissioned by the law offices of Foster and Partner. This is not the first ambitious endeavor of the film - they are renowned for their various philanthropic, environmental efforts.
The Gherkin, with its cutting edge green initiative and sharp design, is gaining recognition as an icon in modern architecture. You can pick it out of the London skyline by its unorthodox cigar shape.
While its appearance is the obvious attribute at which to marvel, there is far more to this building than meets the eye. And let’s face it - there’s a lot about this building that meets the eye. The building helps reduce the city’s carbon footprint in a number of ways.
Just a quick note - in case you’re not familiar with the term ‘carbon footprint’, get used to it! It’s a buzzword you’ll hear relentlessly to talk about reducing emissions. Think of it as the amount of harmful greenhouse gases that are given off into the environment by a single person, organisation, or product.
So going back to the Gherkin Building - perhaps the most obvious as well as the most significant eco-friendly feature is the glass windows, which allow light to pass through the building, both reducing heating costs and brightening up the workspace.
The ingenuity behind the various eco-friendly aspects of the Gherkin has seen its fair share of publicity both from serious and silly sources.
In a recent April Fool’s Day edition, one e-publication printed a story detailing plans to replace 50% of the current exterior with grass, which would not only make large steps in the name of sustainability, but also give the building the green hue that would truly earn it the nickname of the Gherkin.
The only drawback is as you may have guessed, that this story was an April Fool’s Day joke and completely made up.
In all seriousness though, the building is setting a new standard of design that other architects and city planners just cannot ignore. The building’s bold and cost-efficient design has won a number of architectural awards, including the Stirling Prize, the London Region Award, and the Emporis Skyscraper Award among others.
The design comfortably accommodates a large number of offices while keeping maintenance and operational costs down, striking a superb balance between nature and the workplace.
Nature is well and good, as long as the weather is nice outside. Given London’s notoriously bad weather, the architects knew they must devise a quality temperature regulation system, and that they did.
A special system designed to reduce the building’s reliance on air-conditioning was devised that cuts consumption in half compared to standard office buildings.
There are atria that link each floor vertically to one another, forming spiraling spaces up the entire building. They serve not just as social common spaces but also act as the building’s lungs, distributing clean air from the opening panels in the facade through the entire building.
The building isn’t all business though - it has its fair share of fun as well. At the very top, a clubroom offers a picturesque entertainment spot for company functions, private parties, etc., with a breathtaking panoramic view of the city.
The creation of such an innovative structure has many wondering what the future of urban planning and architecture may be. Well, if the other projects currently commissioned by Foster and Partners are any indication, the entire city constructed with similarly eco-friendly buildings is not far in the distance.
The Masdar City development aims to create a desert city that produces zero waste and removes as much carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as it puts in - a huge feat in protecting our earth.
The Gherkin is a truly impressive feat, yet it is not the only one worth noting. Now to move on to another green initiative, I’ll tell you about the Eden Foundation Building, found in Cornwall…

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
law
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Loại từ cần điền: noun hoặc adjective





Nghe tới tên tòa nhà the Gherkin

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "commissioned by the law offices of Foster and Partners"

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32
cigar
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về hình dáng của tòa nhà

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "...with its cutting edge green initiative and sharp design" (đề cập tới thiết kế tòa nhà)

Nghe thấy "you can pick it out of the London skyline by its unorthodox cigar shape"

=> Có thể nhận diện tòa nhà này qua hình dáng giống điếu xì gà => Đáp án: cigar



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33
footprint
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem tòa nhà có thể giảm carbon gì của city





Nghe tới "There is far more to this building than meets the eye"

=> Có nhiều thứ thú vị về tòa nhà này hơn là chỉ về vẻ bề ngoài => Chuyển hướng nói từ vẻ bề ngoài qua chức năng của tòa nhà => Biết đáp án sắp tới



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34
light
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái gì đi xuyên qua tòa nhà

Nghe thấy nói tới "glass windows, which allow light to pass through the building"

=> Cửa kính cho phép ánh sáng đi xuyên qua tòa nhà => Đáp án: light



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35
grass
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem theo false story, thì bên ngoài căn nhà được làm bằng chất liệu gì



Nghe tới April Fool's day

=> Ngày cá tháng tư, có liên quan tới a false story trong đề => Đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy "a story detaling plans to replace 50% of the current exterior with grass"

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36
nature
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về architectural concept của tòa nhà

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "the building's bold and cost-efficient design has won a number of architectural awards"

Nghe thấy "the design comfortably accommodates a large number of offices [...], striking a superb balance between nature and the workplace"

=> Thiết kế có sự cân bằng giữa thiên nhiên và nơi làm việc => Link thiên nhiên với nơi làm việc => Đáp án: nature



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37
air conditioning
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem tòa nhà phụ thuộc vào cái gì ít hơn về mặt temperature control

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "the architects knew they must devise a quality temperature regulation..." (= temperature control)

Nghe thấy "reduce the building's reliance on air conditioning"

=> Phụ thuộc ít hơn vào điều hòa (reduce reliance on = rely less on) => Đáp án: air conditioning



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38
lungs
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về phần atria của tòa nhà => Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "There are atria that link ...."

Nghe thấy "they serve not just as social common spaces but also act as the building’s lungs, distributing clean air [...] through the entire building"

=> Không chỉ là nơi giao lưu xã giao mà còn có vai trò như là phổi của tòa nhà, phân phát không khí sạch cho cả tòa nhà => Atria còn được coi như những lá phổi => Đáp án: lungs



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39
clubroom
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về nơi dành cho việc giải trí trong tòa nhà

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "it has its fair share of fun as well" (fun có nghĩa liên quan tới entertainment)

Nghe thấy "at the very top, a clubroom offers a picturesque entertainment spot"

=> Ngay tại đính của tòa nhà có clubroom, là địa điểm giải trí tuyệt đẹp => Đáp án: clubroom



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40
city
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "...what the future of urban planning and architecture may be"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "the entire city constructed with similarly eco-friendly buildings is not far in the distance"

=> Việc xây dựng các tòa nhà thân thiện với môi trường trong toàn thành phố có thể không còn xa (not far in the distance = in future) => Đáp án: city



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