Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 1 - Listening Test 6 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test IELTS Actual Test 1 - Listening Test 6 được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 1 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Đề thi IELTS Online Test Actual Test 1 - Listening Test 6 - Download PDF Câu hỏi, Transcript và Đáp án

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 4
Complete the form below. Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
HOUSE SERVICE INFORMATION
Question 5 - 7
Choose the correct letter, A, B, or C.
5
Which of these extra services does the customer agree to do?
A
Change the bed linen
B
Do some gardening work
C
Clean the glass
6
What does the customer want cleaned every three months?
A
Curtains
B
Carpets
C
Mats
7
What does the customer want done with clothes?
A
Wash and iron the clothes
B
Iron the clothes
C
Clean and dry the clothes
Question 8 - 10
Complete the sentences below.
Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
8
The agent’s address is 12

Road.
9
Her house will get cleaned next

.
10
The maximum time of cleaning service is

hours.

❓ Tapescript section 1

House Service Information
00:00
AGENT:
Good morning. City House Services. How may I help you?
CUSTOMER:
Good morning. I’d like to arrange to have my house cleaned.
AGENT:
Certainly. I just need to ask a few questions. First, could I take your name?
CUSTOMER:
Yes, it’s Barbara Hill.
AGENT:
Thank you. Next, is your house in London?
CUSTOMER:
Yes, it’s in Kingston in Southwest London.
AGENT:
OK, Southwest London and... er, what’s the postcode?
CUSTOMER:
It's SW105.
AGENT:
And what is the square footage and what rooms will we be cleaning?
CUSTOMER:
The whole house is 268 square feet, and there is no need to clean all the rooms. I only want to have my bedrooms cleaned.
AGENT:
OK, how many bedrooms does the house have?
CUSTOMER:
Three bedrooms. Oh no, sorry, we used to have three bedrooms, but we only have two bedrooms now.
AGENT:
Are those single bedrooms or doubles?
CUSTOMER:
Doubles.
AGENT:
Fine, two doubles...
CUSTOMER:
There is one more room which needs cleaning. It was used as a bedroom before, and now we have converted it into an office.
AGENT:
I understand. Three rooms have got to be cleaned, and are all of those rooms upstairs?
CUSTOMER:
Yes. Then, downstairs we have a kitchen-diner, conservatory, and lounge. The kitchen-diner is quite large and has the usual equipment - cooker with oven, refrigerator, cupboards, and worktops. The conservatory has a lot of plants, but there’s no need to take care of them. The lounge has a leather three- piece suite and a large coffee table.
AGENT:
Thank you. And do you keep any pets?
CUSTOMER:
Yeah, I really love keeping them. I’ve got two dogs and three cats.
AGENT:
OK, then if our staff come over to offer the service, please take your pets away. Have you looked at our services packages?
CUSTOMER:
Yes, I have one in front of me.
AGENT:
Excellent.
AGENT:
Any extra services you need - switching bed linen, working in the garden, cleaning the glass in the conservatory, that kind of thing?
CUSTOMER:
Err... no... err....... actually, replacing the bed linen, yes that would be good
AGENT:
No problem. I’ll just make a note of that. How about curtains, mats, and carpets? What would you like us to do with those items?
CUSTOMER:
The curtains... I'll have to think about that. I think we should have the carpets cleaned really well every quarter. Mats can just be done with the laundry.
AGENT:
Of course. How about clothes? We can have our staff wash and iron them, or we can have them taken to a dry cleaner’s.
CUSTOMER:
Washing and ironing. No, just ironing. That’ll be OK..
AGENT:
OK, fine. I know quite a bit about what you want now. I should let you know that we locate on 12 Amyes Road, that’s A-M-Y-E-S.
CUSTOMER:
Em.
AGENT:
And we work from Monday to Sunday except Tuesday and Wednesday. Could you let me know when is convenient for you?
CUSTOMER:
Next Friday... err... no, that’s no good. My son invites his friends over in the afternoon that day. Perhaps next Thursday or next Saturday. Let me check, OK, next Thursday.
AGENT:
When is it convenient for us to come over and provide the service? Is it OK if we come in the morning? Or we may come in the afternoon? It depends on your schedule.
CUSTOMER:
I'm OK with any time. Just give me a call to let me know you’re coming before you arrive.
AGENT:
Sure, we will.
CUSTOMER:
By the way, how long would it take for the service?
AGENT:
We usually work 1-3 hours for house cleaning, and the work will take three hours at most. And of course, if it takes more than three hours, you should pay extra for it.
CUSTOMER:
Er... fine
AGENT:
So, let me just do some calculations…

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
Southwest
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là vị trí căn nhà (ở đâu đó ở London)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Next, is your house in London?"





Sau đó nghe "it’s in Kingston in Southwest London."

=> Đáp án: Southwest



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2
double/doubles
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền là tính từ bổ nghĩa cho bedroom

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "how many bedrooms?"





Mình nghe thấy "Are those single bedrooms or doubles?"

Người kia confirm là "Doubles"

Xem full giải thích
3
office
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem phòng còn lại được dùng làm gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "There is one more room"

Sau đó nghe "It was used as a bedroom before, and now we have converted it into an office"

=> Trước đây là phòng ngủ nhưng bây giờ được dùng làm office => Đáp án: office



Xem full giải thích
4
lounge
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về các phòng ở dưới lầu (kitchen-diner, conservatory, and ___ )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Then, downstairs"

Sau đó nghe "we have a kitchen-diner, conserva­tory, and lounge"

=> Ứng với thứ tự liệt kê trên đề => Đáp án: lounge



Xem full giải thích
5
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe nhắc đến "Any extra services you need"

=> Biết đáp án sắp vào





Sau đó nghe "replacing the bed linen ...yes... that would be good."

=> Khách hàng chọn thay khăn trải giường => Đáp án là A



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6
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe liệt kê các đáp án "cur­tains, mats, and carpets" và nghe hỏi "What would you like us to do with those items?"

=> Đáp án sắp vào

Sau đó nghe "we should have the carpets cleaned really well every quarter"

=> every quarter = every three months => Giặt thảm mỗi 3 tháng => Chọn đáp án B



Xem full giải thích
7
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe hỏi "How about clothes?" và có đề cập đến các dịch vụ như "wash and iron"

=> Biết đáp án sắp vào

Mình nghe khách hàng nói "No, just ironing"

=> Khách chỉ cần ủi quần áo thôi => Chọn đáp án B



Xem full giải thích
8
Amyes
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là tên đường

Nghe thấy " I should let you know that we locate on 12 Amyes Road" và sau đó đánh vần "A-M-Y-E-S."

=> Đáp án: Amyes



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9
Thursday
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về thời gian căn nhà được dọn dẹp



Khi bạn nghe nhắc "we work from Monday to Sunday except Tuesday and Wednesday"

=> Agent đã đưa ra những ngày họ làm việc để có thể dọn nhà => Biết đáp án sẽ là thứ

Sau đó nghe hỏi "Could you let me know when is conveni­ent for you?"

=> Hỏi về ngày phù hợp để dọn nhà => Đáp án sắp vào

Xem full giải thích
10
three/3
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về thời gian tối đa cho việc dọn dẹp

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "how long would it take for the service?"





Sau đó nghe "We usually work 1-3 hours and the work will take three hours at most

=> Việc dọn dẹp sẽ mất tối đa 3 tiếng => Đáp án: 3/three



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 17
Choose the correct letter, A, B, or C.
11
The main purpose of the service is to
A
educate people.
B
persuade people to fly.
C
provide people with comfort.
12
The number of people working at Sydney Airport is
A
200
B
360
C
440
13
Dogs are chosen according to
A
their ability to stay calm.
B
their friendliness.
C
their skill at locating narcotics.
14
The number of postal items processed last year amounted to
A
4,400
B
52,000
C
72,000
15
People carrying items that are not allowed
A
will get arrested.
B
will be refused on board.
C
will be given a warning
16
Which of the following is NOT allowed to be taken on the flight?
A
Carry-on items
B
Plant seeds
C
Parcels
17
What is the proper security protocol for a pocket knife found in a carry-on suitcase?
A
It is returned to the passenger after examination.
B
It is thrown away in a safe receptacle.
C
It is passed on to higher-level authorities.
Question 18 - 20
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
18
The acceptable material for packing goods in Australia is

.
19
The belongings most of time are refused due to problems with the

.
20
The customs must be given notice of the goods from

days before it arrives in Australia.

❓ Tapescript section 2

The Australian Quarantine Service
00:00
Hi everyone, and welcome to Sydney Airport. Today, I’ll be giving you the inside information on the day-to-day operations of the Australian Quarantine Service here. We hope to provide you with a better understanding of why such heavy security regulations are necessary by educating you on how we operate and why we do the things we do.
We’re not here to try to persuade you to fly through Sydney Airport, though we hope you’ll find your experience relatively stress-free and comfortable. First things first, our personnel. Can anyone guess how many people work at Sydney Airport?
We have 200 alone working in Terminal 2, so can you guess how many in the whole airport? I heard someone say 360, that’s getting closer...
What? Did someone say 2,000? That’s way too high. Sydney Airport actually employs 440 people. A lot, right? And about half of those employees work in security-related matters..
Moving on to our not-so-human employees, let’s come and see our favourite pooch, Milton. Milton is our best drug-sniffing dog on the force. He’s friendly to most people, you can even come pet him at the end of our tour. Burnouts beware, though, he’ll find everything.
Notice that even though there are so many of us around him, Milton stays calm. This is the precise reason he was chosen for the job. Dogs that are chosen are not predisposed to sniff out different narcotics - that’s something we teach them already.
So here’s a part of the airport most people never notice - the cargo transport terminal. This is where packages are shipped to and from. Normally we ship around 4,400 packages per month. In this airport alone, over 52,000 packages were shipped in and out over the past year.
We ship to and from 170 different countries. Not bad, eh? Probably it will go up to over 72,000 packages this year. And despite over 100 flights in and out of here daily, the number of lost or delayed packages is impressively low. If you send your package through here, rest assured we’ll get it where it's going.
Let’s move on to the area most of us are familiar with, the passenger terminals. In order to be allowed into this area, you must pass through security with your ticket and if you’re travelling internationally, your passport.
If you’re travelling domestically, you just need a legal form of ID. If you don’t have those, you will not be allowed to pass through security and board your flight.
During the security scan, your carry-on items will be checked for dangerous items such as weapons, sharp objects, and liquids that exceed our specified limit. If you attempt to pass any of the prohibited items on this list posted at the entrance, you are still allowed to board the plane, but you’ll be given a warning and your item will be confiscated.
Don’t worry, we will not arrest you for having too much shampoo in your bag, or anything like that. We also search your carry-ons and parcels for any perishable items.
We prohibit the transportation of local vegetation and prohibit parcels containing any insects in them. You may or may not have learned about this in Biology class, but when some plants are introduced to a new environment, they spread wildly and wipe out the current species around it.
It is important to control the introduction of new plants into an ecosystem, so we must prohibit the transport of any fertile seeds. So what happens to parcels containing possibly suspicious items? It’s of course something we do not take lightly here.
If an object passes through the scanner that appears suspicious in any way, it is separated out for manual search by a member of our trained security personnel.
If an illegal plant or simple sharp object like a pocket knife is found, it is simply disposed of in our biohazard waste containers, and the package itself is returned to the sender (or passenger, if it is for a passenger flight). More serious weapons are reported to higher authorities for investigation.
As far as parcel security, the material of the parcel is important. For shipped goods, the most common material used (and the most widely accepted) is paper. Make sure it is packed sturdy enough, with no rips or tears. We’ve definitely had packages rip open before due to haphazard packing.
A more common problem, though, is the package labels. When an item does not make it to the right place, this is the most common reason. The label may not be in the right place or marked clearly enough.
If you’re receiving any items from abroad that must be declared, please remember our guidelines in order to ensure the timely delivery of your item. Make sure it is packed correctly, and we ask that you notify customs between 2 and 10 days within the item’s scheduled arrival date.
Okay, before we move on, are there any questions?

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về mục đích chính của service



Nghe thấy "We hope to provide you with a better understanding [...] by educating you on how we operate...."

=> Chủ yếu muốn cung cấp thông tin (educate) => Chọn đáp án A



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12
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về số người làm việc ở Sydney Airport

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "how many people work at Sydney Airport"





Nghe thấy "200 alone working in Terminal 2"

=> Đừng chọn vội 200 vì đó chỉ là nhân viên ở Terminal 2, chưa phải toàn airport

Xem full giải thích
13
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem các chú chó được chọn dựa trên điều gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "not-so-human employees", "Milton is our best drug-sniffing dog"





Tiếp đó nghe "He’s friendly to most people"

=> Đừng chọn B ngay vì chưa nghe confirm đó là lý do nó được chọn

Xem full giải thích
14
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe nhắc đến "cargo transport terminal" (nhà ga vận chuyển hàng hóa) và "packages are shipped to and from"

=> Biết đáp án sắp vào





Khi nghe "we ship around 4,400 packagesper month"

=> Đây chỉ là số liệu cho 1 tháng, câu hỏi là "last year" => Loại đáp án A



Xem full giải thích
15
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe đến "carrying items that are not allowed" = "dan­gerous items"

=> Đáp án sắp vào





Sau đó nghe " If you attempt to pass any of the prohibited items "you are still allowed to board the plane"

=> Dù mang các vật phẩm không được phép thì vẫn được lên máy bay => Loại đáp án B



Xem full giải thích
16
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe "We prohibit the transportation" (cấm vận chuyển)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới





Sau đó nghe "prohibit the transportation of local vegetation"

=> Không có trong đáp án

Xem full giải thích
17
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem quy trình xử lý khi tìm thấy pocket knife trong hành lý là gì





Mình nghe thấy "If an illegal plant or simple sharp object like a pocket knife is found, it is simply disposed of in our biohazard waste containers"

=> Pocket knife sẽ được bỏ vào thùng chứa vật phẩm nguy hiểm (container = receptacle) => Đáp án là B





Xem full giải thích
18
paper
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là vật liệu hợp lệ để đóng gói hàng hóa ở Úc



Khi bạn nghe nhắc tới "parcel security" (an ninh bưu kiện) và "material of the parcel" (vật liệu của bưu kiện)

=> Biết đáp án sắp vào

Sau đó nghe "For shipped goods, the most common material used (and the most widely accepted) is paper"

=> Vật liệu hợp lệ là giấy => Đáp án: paper



Xem full giải thích
19
package labels
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem lí do các đồ đạc thường bị từ chối là gì



Mình nghe được là "common problem, though, is the package labels"

=> Vấn đề chung là nhãn gói



Sau đó, để chắc chắn hơn mình nghe tiếp "The label may not be in the right place or marked clearly enough"

=> Label có thể không ở nơi chính xác hoặc không được đánh dấu rõ => Đáp án: package labels




Xem full giải thích
20
2 to 10/two to ten
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là khoảng thời gian hải quan Australia phải được thông báo trước khi hàng hóa đến



Khi bạn nghe "any items from abroad that must be declared" và "guidelines in order to ensure the timely delivery"

=> Liên quan đến vận chuyển hàng hóa tới hải quan => Đáp án sắp vào

Sau đó nghe "we ask that you notify customs between 2 and 10 days within the item’s scheduled arrival date. "

=> Phải báo hải quan từ 2-10 ngày trước khi hàng đến => Đáp án: 2 to 10/two to ten



Xem full giải thích

Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 26
Drag your answers in the option list into the box.
AT1_L6_P3_how to use library's facilities_NoOpt.png
21
22
23
24
25
26
A
Video Resource Centre
B
Reading Room
C
Food Service Centre
D
Periodicals Section
E
Enquiry Desk
F
Satellite TV Station
Question 27 - 30
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
27
If you need to find information on a certain book, you can use

check-out cards.
28
If you want to find information in a specific field, use the

guides.
29
Computers in some

cannot be linked to the network.
30
You can find more information in a

on my desk.

❓ Tapescript section 3

How To Use Library's Facilities
00:00
MR. SMITH:
Welcome! Please come in and gather over here around the tables. My name is Adam Smith, and I’m the librarian here. I’ll show you around today and explain how to use these facilities. Hopefully when I’m done with it, you’ll know the ropes, and please feel free to let me know of any questions or concerns that you may have.
MR. SMITH:
Now, we’re at the gate of the library. Upon entering into the door, you’ll find that the restrooms are on your left-hand side, and opposite them is a Photocopy Room. Many of you are wondering about the check-in and check-out process. What you have to do is go to the Circulation Desk, which is to the east of the Photocopy Room.
MR. SMITH:
The Reading Room is a really large area in the centre of the library, just to the north of the Circulation Desk. I’m sure you won’t miss it. If you’re here to do research, this is where you should bring books to look through.
MR. SMITH:
However, if you’re here to do any group projects or other interactive activities, I advise you to use one of the study rooms, which are just to the east of the Reading Room.
MR. SMITH:
Moving on to the southeast corner, we have the Periodicals Section, just next to the study rooms. We have a collection of different newspapers and magazines in this section. You can get last week’s weather reports, or all the top stories five years ago - our periodicals can be traced back 20 years to the time when our school library was built. Ah, our first question! Yes?
STUDENT:
Can we check out magazines from the library?
MR. SMITH:
I’m sorry, but you cannot take any periodicals out of the library. You’re welcome to read them for as long as you want while you’re here, but you cannot check them out.
STUDENT:
I wonder if there is any place where we can get some food in the library. Do we have a store here?
MR. SMITH:
Of course. The Food Service Centre is just metres away from the study rooms. It’s on the northeast corner as you look at the map. The Food Service Centre offers different kinds of snacks though it’s not big.
MR. SMITH:
Well, moving on along to the west, you will Find the Video Resource Centre on your right hand. We have educational videos and documentaries, as well as major motion pictures. We ask that you pay attention to the tag on the video that you pick up, as many of our documentaries are for on-site viewing only and may not be taken out of the library.
MR. SMITH:
To the west of the Video Resource Centre is our Satellite TV Station. Here we stream the news from Channel 19 for most of the day.
STUDENT:
How many channels does it have?
MR. SMITH:
(laughs) It does have nearly 200 channels, but we generally will give top priority to channels with some big events, like presidential addresses or other breaking news. During the coverage of the presidential debate, students will take a break from studying and flock to watch it.
MR. SMITH:
Last but perhaps most important is the Enquiry Desk. It's just on the left-hand side when you walk into the library, so it’s impossible to miss it. If you have any questions about how to use equipment or where to find something, come and ask the assistant. Don’t be shy, because that’s what they’re here for!
MR. SMITH:
Speaking of questions, one of the questions we get asked is how to actually check out a book once a student has picked one out. If it’s a fiction or non-fiction book, look for the pink and yellow check-out card inside the back cover of the book.
MR. SMITH:
You can also find information about the book on these cards, including its publishing date, genre, ISBN, and a log of dates it’s been checked out before. Present this card to me or any library assistant, and we’ll stamp it and then the book can be kept for three weeks.
MR. SMITH:
You can find general information on a field of study by using one of our subject guides. We have them on paper here, but any of our computers will allow you to search within fields as well.
STUDENT:
What if the library doesn’t have a resource we’re looking for?
MR. SMITH:
Great question, I’m going to address that. Our library is in a network with a number of other universities in the area, so if there is something you’re looking for and it’s available somewhere in the area, we’ll be able to get it for you.
MR. SMITH:
However, there are universities which are not part of the network, so we do not share resources with them. If you want more information about the library and its resources, you’ll find it in a labelled blue folder on my desk in the enquiry section.
MR. SMITH:
Okay, so that’s a lot of information all at once, and I don’t expect you to remember it all. The most important thing is, please be respectful of the staff and if you need help with anything at all, come and ask me or one of the assistants. Alright, any questions?

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Ban đầu bạn sẽ nghe "Now, we’re at the gate of the library"

=> Bạn sẽ xác định được vị trí mình đang đứng





Sau đó sẽ lần lượt đi qua các vị trí "restrooms", "Photocopy Room" và "Circulation Desk"

=> Gần như đã đi lược qua hết các vị trí có sẵn

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22
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau đó nghe " Moving on to the southeast corner"

=> Từ "Reading room" di chuyển về góc hướng tây nam (vị trí số 22)





Tiếp đó nghe "we have the Periodicals Section, just next to the study rooms"

=> Chọn đáp án D



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23
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau đó nghe tiếp thấy "The Food Service Centre is just metres away from the study rooms"

=> Gần 'study rooms' => Vị trí 23 rất thích hợp





Tiếp đó bạn nghe confirm vị trí "on the northeast corner" (ở góc đông bắc)

=> Chọn đáp án C



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24
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau đó nghe hướng dẫn "moving on along to the west"

=> Đi về hướng Tây => Đúng hướng từ 23 sang 24





Nghe thấy "you will find the Video Resource Centre on your right hand"

=> Chọn đáp án A



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25
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe "To the west of the Video Resource Centre"

=> Ứng với hướng di chuyển từ 24 sang 25





Sau đó nghe "is our Satellite TV Station"

=> Chọn đáp án F



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26
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Biết đáp án sắp vào khi nghe nhắc tới "Enquiry Desk"



Sau đó nghe để confirm vị trí xem có chắc là 26 không "It's just on the left-hand side when you walk into the library"

=> Ngay bên trái khi bước vào thư viện => Đúng vị trí 26 => Chọn đáp án E



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27
pink and yellow
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Từ cần điền là tính từ, chỉ tính chất của 'check-out cards'



Nghe thấy "look for the pink and yellow check-out card"

=> Đáp án có thể là "pink and yellow"





Sau đó nghe confirm thêm "You can also find information about the book on these cards"

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28
subject
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem dùng guides gì nếu muốn tìm thông tin về một lĩnh vực nhất định



Nghe thấy "You can find general information on a field of study by using one of our subject guides"

=> Có thể dùng subject guides để tìm thông tin về một lĩnh vực nào đó => Đáp án: subject



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29
universities
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem máy tính ở đâu không có liên kết với network





Mình nghe được là "there are universities which are not part of the network"

=> Có 1 số trường đại học không có liên kết với network => Đáp án: universities



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30
(labelled) blue folder
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem vật gì được để trên bàn có thể cung cấp thêm thông tin

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "If you want more information"

Sau đó nghe "you’ll find it in a labelled blue folder on my desk in the enquiry section."

=> Một thư mục màu xanh có dãn nhán đặt trên bàn => Đáp án: labelled blue folder



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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 35
Choose the correct letter, A, B, or C.
31
The student thought there were no crocodiles in Northern Africa because
A
North Africa contains very little wildlife for the crocodile to prey on.
B
she found no mention in the literature of their existence there.
C
there is very little water in North Africa.
32
Generally, crocodiles live in groups of about
A
20
B
38
C
46
33
African crocodiles usually live in areas with
A
hot, dry climates.
B
hot, wet rainforests.
C
warm, wet climates.
34
Crocodiles in dry areas live in caves located
A
underground.
B
in mountainsides.
C
underwater.
35
What change caused changes in crocodile populations in North Africa?
A
They were driven away by a fierce predator.
B
Crocodiles evolved from desert creatures to wetland creatures.
C
North Africa used to be wetland but slowly turned to desert over time.
Question 36 - 40
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
36
Desert crocodiles sometimes live in places with dry periods that last up to

months.
37
A hole dug by a female crocodile in which to lay eggs can have a

of up to 60cm.
38
Local people are not

crocodiles.
39
Crocodiles

out of fear when humans populate their habitat.
40
Researchers want to study more about population size,

, and relations to other populations of crocodiles.

❓ Tapescript section 4

Study Of Crocodylus Niloticus
00:00
Good morning. Today, we will continue our study of Crocodylus niloticus by talking about its living habits. We’ve already discussed the evolutionary attributes that set it apart from its crocodile relatives. Does everyone remember that?
Yes, it has an extremely narrow snout, and three or four rows of protective scales on its back, as compared to two rows on other members of the Crocodylus genus. Let’s take a look at how these carnivorous man-eaters live, where they live, and finally, whether they really deserve their vicious reputation.
To start, I’d like to address a great question posed to me by a student during yesterday's office hours. We talked about the distribution of crocodiles in Africa and saw that they are highly concentrated in the South and West of the continent.
This student noticed that on the map displaying the distribution of crocodiles across Africa, there were no crocodiles in the Northern Region, and found no mention in the literature of the existence of crocodiles in the North of Africa. Why might there be no crocodiles in North Africa? Let’s save this question for later in the lecture.
To find out more about the social habits of the African crocodile, one researcher named Tara Shine of the University of Ulster in Northern Ireland conducted a survey of the wetlands in Mauritania and received reports of 46 crocodiles living in one group, or float as we say when referring to crocodiles, though the usual number is a little less than half of that.
In general, crocodiles are more highly concentrated in wet, subtropical environments near bodies of water and rich vegetation. While South American crocodiles thrive in cool rainforests, the African crocodile is more equipped for heat.
Though they can survive at the hot temperatures found in some deserts, they are not equipped to handle dry climates and thus cannot survive in places like the Sahara Desert of North Africa. As cold-blooded animals, crocodiles’ core temperatures fluctuate from their average of 38 degrees Celsius as external conditions change, thus they need to avoid extreme temperatures.
Others live an underwater life, keeping a body temperature close to that of the water. As their own unique method of regulating their body temperatures, some African crocodiles have made dens by digging holes in the ground to provide themselves with a cool, dark place to retreat from the hot African sun.
Speaking of the hot African sun, let’s go back to the question asked at the beginning of the lecture. We know that there used to be crocodiles in Northern Africa, yet today there are none. What are some possible explanations for this?
Some students have suggested that the African crocodile has evolved from a desert creature into a wetland creature, thus causing them to migrate south for more appropriate condition.
Others presume that the crocodile was hunted out of Northern Africa by a fiercer predator. While these are intelligent guesses, the real story is a little bit different.
The key to this migration is that the Sahara Desert did not always cover the North of Africa. About 8,000 years ago, the land was fertile wetlands perfect for breeding crocodiles. Over time, though, the area dried out and the wetland slowly turned to desert, leading the African crocodile to migrate south to the marshlands they call home today.
Some crocodiles did, however, adapt to living in dry conditions. In Mauritania, some crocodiles have learned to survive in an area where they can go up to months with no water by spending the driest of times in what’s called a torpor, or short period of hibernation.
To utilise every bit of rainfall, these desert crocodiles dig underground caves that collect runoff, thus staying cool and hydrated.
During the mating period in November and December, males attract females to their viciously protected territory through a number of behaviours that range from snapping their jaws all the way to sending infrasonic pulses through the water.
Afterwards, the female digs a hole up to 60cm in depth to store the eggs for an 80-day incubation period. The female protects these eggs during the period, and sometimes even helps crack the eggs with her snout at the end.
These teeth-gnashing carnivores are softer than we think. Although these vicious creatures have attacked humans on a few occasions, the residents are not afraid of them.
In fact, they show a great deal of reverence towards these wondrous creatures. Some say that crocodiles bring water to their habitat, so if they leave, they will bring the water with them. Obviously this is not true, but it demonstrates the admiration the inhabiting people have for crocodiles.
Generally, crocodiles do not predate on humans. They attack when humans populate the crocodiles' habitat, instilling fear and uneasiness in the crocs. Like any other species, crocodiles are known to attack when feeling fear.
There's still a lot more to be discovered about the African crocodile. Researchers want to know more about the population size, how many crocodiles inhabit Africa in all, how they form separate floats, etc.
There is still also much to learn about migration patterns, and relations to other populations of crocodiles now found in other parts of the world. Next time, we'll examine a few specific case studies of crocodile populations in Southern Africa.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem vì sao học sinh nghĩ không có cá sấu ở Northern Africa

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "This student noticed that...there were no crocodiles in the Northern Region"

Sau đó nghe lý do "found no mention in the literature of the existence of crocodiles in the North of Africa"

=> Lý do là vì không thấy đề cập về sự tồn tại của cá sấu ở Northern Africa => Đáp án là B



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32
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem cá sấu thường sống theo bầy bao nhiêu con



Mình nghe thấy "46 crocodiles living in one group"

=> Sau khi thực hiện nghiên cứu họ thấy có 46 con trong 1 nhóm => Có thể là đáp án





Nhưng tiếp theo bạn nghe "though the usual number is a little less than half of that." (usual = Generally)

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33
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về khu vực mà cá sấu châu Phi thường sống



Nghe thấy "crocodiles are more highly concentrated in wet, subtropical environments"

=> wet, subtropical = warm, wet => Chọn đáp án C



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34
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem hang động mà cá sấu hay thường sống ở đâu

Mình nghe thấy "some African crocodiles have made dens by digging holes in the ground"

=> Một số cá sấu châu Phi đã làm ổ bằng cách đào hố dưới đất (holes = caves) => Chọn đáp án A



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35
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe nhắc đến migration (sự di cư)

=> Liên quan đén "changes in crocodile populations in North Africa" => Biết đáp án sắp vào

Sau đó nghe "the area dried out and the wetland slowly turned to desert, leading the African crocodile to migrate south to the marshlands they call home today."

=> Cá sấu di cư về phía Nam vì North Africa dần trở thành sa mạc



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36
8/eight
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem dry periods kéo dài bao nhiêu tháng

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "crocodiles did adapt to living in dry conditions"





Sau đó nghe "some crocodiles have learned to survive in an area where they can go up to 8 months"

=> Dry periods nơi một số cá sấu sống kéo dài đến 8 tháng => Đáp án: 8



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37
depth
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem 60cm là kích thước gì của hố



Nghe thấy "The female digs a hole up to 60cm in depth to store the eggs"

=> Cá sấu cái đào hố có chiều sâu 60cm để chứa trứng => Đáp án: depth



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38
afraid of
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về phản ứng của người dân địa phương với cá sấu



Nghe thấy "the residents are not afraid of them"

=> Người dân địa phương không sợ chúng => Đáp án: afraid of



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39
attack
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem cá sấu làm gì khi con người chiếm nơi ở của nó



Khi bạn nghe "crocodiles do not predate on humans"

=> Cá sấu không ăn thịt người => Đang nói về mối quan hệ giữa crocodiles và con người => Đáp án sắp vào

Sau đó nghe "They attack when humans populate the crocodiles' habitat, instilling fear and uneasi­ness in the crocs"

=> Chúng tấn công khi con người xâm nhập vào môi trường sống của cá sấu, gieo rắc nỗi sợ hãi và bất an cho cá sấu => Đáp án: attack



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40
migration patterns
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Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về vấn đề mà các nhà nghiên cứu muốn tìm hiểu thêm

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Researchers want to know more about the population size" (item đề cho sẵn, tới trước đáp án)

Sau đó nghe "There is still also much to learn about migration patterns and relations to other populations crocodiles"

=> Vẫn còn nhiều điều để tìm hiểu về xu hướng di cư mối quan hệ với các quần thể cá sấu khác => Cụm "relations to other populations of crocodiles" đã có trên đề => Đáp án: migration patterns



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