Cambridge IELTS 16 - Listening Test 3 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

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Cambridge IELTS 16 - Listening Test 3 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ANDIOR A NUMBER for each answer.
JUNIOR CYCLE CAMP
The course focuses on skills and safety.
  • Charlie would be placed in Level 5.

  • First of all, children at this level are taken to practise in a

    1
    .

Instructors
  • Instructors wear

    2
    shirts.

  • A

    3
    is required and training is given.

Classes
  • The size of the classes is limited.

  • There are quiet times during the morning for a

    4
    or a game.

  • Classes are held even if there is

    5
    .

What to bring
  • a change of clothing

  • a

    6
    .

  • shoes (not sandals)

  • Charlie's

    7
    .

Day 1
  • Charlie should arrive at 9.20 am on the first day.

  • Before the class, his

    8
    will be checked.

  • He should then go to the

    9
    to meet his class instructor.

Cost
  • The course costs $

    10
    per week.

❓ Tapescript section 1

Junior Cycle Camp
00:00
JAKE:
Hello, Junior Cycle camp, Jake speaking.
WOMAN:
Hi. I'm calling for some information about the cycle camp - I'm thinking of sending my son.
JAKE:
Great. Well, it's held every weekday morning over the summer vacation and we focus on basic cycling skills and safety. We have eight levels for children from three years upwards. How old's your son?
WOMAN:
Charlie? He's seven. He can ride a bike, but he needs a little more training before he's safe to go on the road.
JAKE:
He'd probably be best in Level 5. They start off practising on the site here, and we aim to get them riding on the road, but first they're taken to ride in the park. away from the traffic.
WOMAN:
Right. And can you tell me a bit about the instructors?
JAKE:
Well, all our staff wear different coloured shirts. So, we have three supervisors, and they have red shirts. They support the instructors, and they also stand in for me if I'm not around. Then the instructors themselves are in blue shirts, and one of these is responsible for each class.
WOMAN:
ОК.
JAKE:
In order to be accepted, all our instructors have to submit a reference from someone who's seen them work with children - like if they've worked as a babysitter, for example. Then they have to complete our training course, including how to do lesson plans, and generally care for the well-being of the kids in their class. They do a great job, I have to say.
WOMAN:
Right. And tell me a bit about the classes. What size will Charlie's class be?
JAKE:
We have a limit of eight children in each class, so their instructor really gets to know them well. They're out riding most of the time but they have quiet times too, where their instructor might tell them a story that's got something to do with cycling, or get them to play a game together. It's a lot of fun.
WOMAN:
It must be. Now, what happens if there's rain? Do the classes still run?
JAKE:
Oh yes. We don't let that put us off - we just put on our waterproofs and keep cycling.
WOMAN:
And is there anything special Charlie should bring along with him?
JAKE:
Well, maybe some spare clothes, especially if the weather's not so good. And a snack for break time.
WOMAN:
How about a drink?
JAKE:
No, we'll provide that. And make sure he has shoes, not sandals.
WOMAN:
Sure. And just at present Charlie has to take medication every few hours, so I'll make sure he has that.
JAKE:
Absolutely. Just give us details of when he has to take it and we'll make sure he does.
WOMAN:
Thanks.
JAKE:
Now, there are a few things you should know about Day 1 of the camp. The classes normally start at 9.30 every morning, but on Day 1 you should aim to get Charlie here by 9.20. The finishing time will be 12.30 as usual. We need the additional time because there are a few extra things to do. The most important is that we have a very careful check to make sure that every child's helmet fits properly. If it doesn't fit, we'll try to adjust it, or we'll find him another one - but he must wear it all the time he's on the bike.
WOMAN:
Of course.
JAKE:
Then after that, all the instructors will be waiting to meet their classes, and they'll meet up in the tent - you can't miss it. And each instructor will take their class away and get started.
WOMAN:
OK. Well that all sounds good. Now can you tell me how much the camp costs a week?
JAKE:
One hundred ninety-nine dollars. We've managed to keep the price more or less the same as last year - it was one hundred ninety then. But the places are filling up quite quickly.
WOMAN:
Right. OK, well I'd like to book for …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
park
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun, cụ thể là một địa điểm



Nghe tới Level 5 là biết đáp án sắp tới, do đây là ý ngay trên ý cần nghe



Nghe thấy They start off practising on the site here, and we aim to get them riding on the road, but first they're taken to ride in the park. away from the traffic

=> đầu tiên thì đưa trẻ em tới tập trong công viên

=> đáp án là park



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2
blue
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Loại từ cần điền: adjective

Nghe tới all our staff wear different coloured shirts

=> đáp án sẽ là một loại màu



Nghe thấy we have three supervisors, and they have red shirts

=> đây là supervisor chứ không phải instructor

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3
reference
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun số ít



Nghe thấy In order to be accepted, all our instructors have to submit a reference from someone who's seen them work with children

=> cần bắt buộc phải nộp reference thì mới được nhận làm instructor

=> đáp án là reference



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4
story
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun số ít



Nghe tới quiet times là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy they have quiet times too, where their instructor might tell them a story that's got something to do with cycling, or get them to play a game together

=> trong những lúc yên lặng thì instructor sẽ kể chuyện hoặc choi trò chơi với nhau

=> đáp án là story



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5
rain
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe thấy khách hỏi what happens if there's rain?

=> Jake trả lời We don't let that put us off - we just put on our waterproofs and keep cycling

=> có mưa thì vẫn tiếp tục chạy xe

=> đáp án rain



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6
snack
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới anything special Charlie should bring along là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy maybe some spare clothes, especially if the weather's not so good. And a snack for break time.

=> clothes đã có sắn trên đề rồi

=> đáp án là snack



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7
medication
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe thấy at present Charlie has to take medication every few hours, so I'll make sure he has that

=> hiện tại thì Charlie cần uống thuốc mỗi vài tiếng, cần mang thuốc theo

=> đáp án là medication



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8
helmet
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe nhắc tới Day 1 là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy The most important is that we have a very careful check to make sure that every child's helmet fits properly

=> quan trọng nhất trước khi chạy xe là cần kiểm tra nón bảo hiểm của từng trẻ

=> đáp án là helmet



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9
tent
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun, chỉ một địa điểm



Nghe tới all the instructors will be waiting to meet their classes là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy they'll meet up in the tent

=> instructor sẽ gặp lớp của mình trong lều

=> đáp án là tent



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10
199
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: number, là giá tiền mỗi tuần



Nghe tới câu hỏi how much the camp costs a week là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Jake trả lời 199 dollars

=> đáp án là 199





Bạn có thể nghe thấy 190

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Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 14
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
According to Megan, what are the TWO main advantages of working in the agriculture and horticulture sectors?
A
the active lifestyle
B
the above-average salaries
C
the flexible working opportunities
D
the opportunities for overseas travel
E
the chance to be in a natural environment
Which TWO of the following are likely to be disadvantages for people working outdoors?
A
The increasing risk of accidents
B
Being in a very quiet location
C
Difficult weather conditions at times
D
The cost of housing
E
The level of physical fitness required
Question 15 - 20
What information does Megan give about each of the following job opportunities?
Choose SIX answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-H.
List of Findings
A
not a permanent job
B
involves leading a team
C
experience not essential
D
intensive work but also fun
E
chance to earn more through overtime
F
chance for rapid promotion
G
accommodation available
H
local travel involved
15
Fresh food commercial manager
16
Agronomist
17
Fresh produce buyer
18
Garden centre sales manager
19
Tree technician
20
Farm worker

❓ Tapescript section 2

Working In The Agriculture And Horticulture Sectors
00:00
Hello everyone. My name's Megan Baker and I'm a recruitment consultant at AVT Recruitment specialists.
Now, our company specialises in positions that involve working in the agriculture and horticulture sectors, so that's fresh food production, garden and park maintenance and so on.
And these sectors do provide some very special career opportunities.
For a start, they often offer opportunities for those who don't want to be stuck with a 40-hour week, but need to juggle work with other responsibilities such as child care - and this is very important for many of our recruits.
Some people like working in a rural setting, surrounded by plants and trees instead of buildings, although we can't guarantee that.
But there are certainly health benefits, especially in jobs where you're not sitting all day looking at a screen - a big plus for many people.
Salaries can sometimes be good too, although there's a lot of variety here.
And you may have the opportunity in some types of jobs for travel overseas, although that obviously depends on the job, and not everyone is keen to do it.
Of course, working outdoors does have its challenges.
It's fine in summer, but can be extremely unpleasant when it's cold and windy.
You may need to be pretty fit for some jobs, though with modern technology that's not as important as it once was.
And standards of health and safety are much higher now than they used to be, so there are fewer work-related accidents.
But if you like a lively city environment surrounded by lots of people, these jobs are probably not for you - they're often in pretty remote areas.
And some people worry about finding a suitable place to live, but in our experience, this usually turns out fine.
Now let me tell you about some of the exciting jobs that we have on our books right now.
One is for a fresh food commercial manager.
Our client here is a very large fresh food producer supplying a range of top supermarkets.
They operate in a very fast-paced environment with low profit margins - the staff there work hard, but they play hard as well, so if you've a sociable personality this may be for you.
We have an exciting post as an agronomist advising farmers on issues such as crop nutrition, protection against pests, and the latest legislation on farming and agricultural practices.
There are good opportunities for the right person to quickly make their way up the career ladder, but a deep knowledge of the agricultural sector is expected of applicants.
A leading supermarket is looking for a fresh produce buyer who is available for a 12-month maternity cover contract.
You need to have experience in administration, planning and buying in the fresh produce industry, and in return will receive a very competitive salary.
We have also received a request for a sales manager for a chain of garden centres.
You will be visiting centres in the region to ensure their high levels of customer service are maintained.
This post is only suitable for someone who is prepared to live in the region.
There is also a vacancy for a tree technician to carry out tree cutting, forestry and conservation work.
Candidates must have a clean driving licence and have training in safety procedures.
A year's experience would be preferred but the company might be prepared to consider someone who has just completed an appropriate training course.
Finally, we have a position for a farm worker.
This will involve a wide range of farm duties including crop sowing and harvesting, machine maintenance and animal care.
Perks of the job include the possibility of renting a small cottage on the estate, and the chance to earn a competitive salary.
A driving licence and tractor driving experience are essential.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy Megan nói they often offer opportunities for those who don't want to be stuck with a 40-hour week, but need to juggle work with other responsibilities such as child care - and this is very important for many of our recruits

=> thích hợp cho người không muốn bị kẹt vào vòng làm việc 40 tiếng/tuần, nhưng cần thời gian cho những việc khác

=> công việc linh hoạt (flexible)

=> chọn C



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12
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy Some people like working in a rural setting, surrounded by plants and trees instead of buildings, although we can't guarantee that

=> vài người muốn sống ở vùng nông thôn với thiên nhiên, tuy nhiên điều này không đảm bảo được

=> loại E



Nghe tiếp thấy there are certainly health benefits, especially in jobs where you're not sitting all day looking at a screen - a big plus for many people

=> một lợi ích lớn (big plus) là không cần phải ngồi trước màn hình máy tính cả ngày

Xem full giải thích
13
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới working outdoors does have its challenges là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy It's fine in summer, but can be extremely unpleasant when it's cold and windy

=> mùa hè thì không sao, nhưng sẽ rất khó chịu khi trời lạnh và nhiều gió

=> các vấn đề về thời tiết

=> chọn C



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14
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy You may need to be pretty fit for some jobs, though with modern technology that's not as important as it once was

=> có khi phải cần thể lực tốt, tuy nhiên do có công nghệ hiện đại nên việc này không quan trọng lắm

=> loại E



Nghe tiếp thấy standards of health and safety are much higher now than they used to be, so there are fewer work-related accidents

=> tiêu chuẩn an toàn lao động cao hơn trước đây nhiều, nên không lo tai nạn

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15
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới fresh food commercial manager là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy the staff there work hard, but they play hard as well

=> công việc khó nhưng cũng chơi khá sung

=> công việc vừa khó vừa vui

=> chọn D



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16
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới agronomist là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy There are good opportunities for the right person to quickly make their way up the career ladder

=> có cơ hội thăng tiến nhanh trong công việc

=> chọn F



Xem full giải thích
17
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới fresh produce buyer là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy a fresh produce buyer who is available for a 12-month maternity cover contract

=> hợp đồng chỉ kéo dài 12 tháng để thay cho một người đang nghỉ đẻ

=> chọn A





Nghe tiếp thấy nói you need to have experience

Xem full giải thích
18
H
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới sales manager là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy You will be visiting centres in the region

=> người này sẽ phải đi tới các trung tâm trong khu vực

=> bằng nghĩa với local travel

=> chọn H



Xem full giải thích
19
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới tree technician là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy A year's experience would be preferred but the company might be prepared to consider someone who has just completed an appropriate training course.

=> ưu tiên có 1 năm kinh nghiệm, tuy nhiên công ty cũng có thể cân nhắc ứng viên mới chỉ hoàn thành các khóa huấn luyện

=> kinh nghiệm không bắt buộc

=> chọn C



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20
G
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới farm worker là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Perks of the job include the possibility of renting a small cottage on the estate

=> một trong những lợi ích của công việc này là có thể ở thuê trong một ngôi nhà nhỏ

=> có sắp xếp chỗ ở

=> chọn G



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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 24
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Which TWO points does Adam make about his experiment on artificial sweeteners?
A
The results were what he had predicted.
B
The experiment was simple to set up.
C
A large sample of people was tested.
D
The subjects were unaware of what they were drinking.
E
The test was repeated several times for each person.
Which TWO problems did Rosie have when measuring the fat content of nuts?
A
She used the wrong sort of nuts.
B
She used an unsuitable chemical.
C
She did not grind the nuts finely enough.
D
The information on the nut package was incorrect.
E
The weighing scales may have been unsuitable.
Question 25 - 30
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
25
Adam suggests that restaurants could reduce obesity if their menus
A
offered fewer options.
B
had more low-calorie foods.
C
were organised in a particular way.
26
The students agree that food manufacturers deliberately
A
make calorie counts hard to understand.
B
fail to provide accurate calorie counts.
C
use ineffective methods to reduce calories.
27
What does Rosie say about levels of exercise in England?
A
The amount recommended is much too low.
B
Most people overestimate how much they do.
C
Women now exercise more than they used to.
28
Adam refers to the location and width of stairs in a train station to illustrate
A
practical changes that can influence people's behaviour.
B
methods of helping people who have mobility problems.
C
ways of preventing accidents by controlling crowd movement.
29
What do the students agree about including reference to exercise in their presentation?
A
They should probably leave it out.
B
They need to do more research on it.
C
They should discuss this with their tutor.
30
What are the students going to do next for their presentation?
A
prepare some slides for it
B
find out how long they have for it
C
decide on its content and organisation

❓ Tapescript section 3

Experiment On Artificial Sweeteners
00:00
ADAM:
OK Rosie, shall we try to get some ideas together for our presentation on diet and obesity?
ROSIE:
Sure.
ADAM:
I can talk about the experiment I did to see if people can tell the difference between real sugar and artificial sweeteners.
ROSIE:
Where you gave people drinks with either sugar or artificial sweeteners and they had to say which they thought it was?
ADAM:
Yeah. It took me ages to decide exactly how I'd organise it, especially how I could make sure that people didn't know which drink I was giving them. It was hard to keep track of it all, especially as I had so many people doing it - I had to make sure I kept a proper record of what each person had had.
ROSIE:
So could most people tell the difference?
ADAM:
Yeah - I hadn't thought they would be able to, but most people could.
ROSIE:
Then there's that experiment I did measuring the fat content of nuts, to see if the nutritional information given on the packet was accurate.
ADAM:
The one where you ground up the nuts and mixed them with a chemical to absorb the fat?
ROSIE:
Yes. My results were a bit problematic - the fat content for that type of nut seemed much lower than it said on the package. But I reckon the package information was right. I think I should probably have ground up the nuts more than I did. It's possible that the scales for weighing the fat weren't accurate enough, too. I'd really like to try the experiment again some time.
ADAM:
So what can we say about helping people to lose weight?
ROSIE:
I think food manufacturers could do more to encourage healthy eating.
ADAM:
How?
ROSIE:
Well, when manufacturers put calorie counts of a food on the label, they're sometimes really confusing and I suspect they do it on purpose. Because food that's high in calories tastes better, and so they'll sell more.
ADAM:
Yeah, so if you look at the amount of calories in a pizza, they'll give you the calories per quarter pizza and you think, oh that's not too bad. But who's going to eat a quarter pizza?
ROSIE:
Exactly
ADAM:
I suppose another approach to this problem is to get people to exercise more.
ROSIE:
Right. In England, the current guidelines are for at least 30 minutes of brisk walking, five days a week. Now when you ask them, about 40% of men and 30% of women say they do this, but when you objectively measure the amount of walking they do with motion sensors, you find that only 6% of men and 4% of women do the recommended amount of exercise.
ADAM:
Mm, so you can see why obesity is growing.
ROSIE:
So how can people be encouraged to take more exercise?
ADAM:
Well, for example, think of the location of stairs in a train station. If people reach the stairs before they reach the escalator when they're leaving the station, they're more likely to take the stairs. And if you increase the width of the stairs, you'll get more people using them at the same time. It's an unconscious process and influenced by minor modifications in their environment.
ROSIE:
Right. And it might not be a big change, but if it happens every day, it all adds up.
ADAM:
Yes. But actually, I'm not sure if we should be talking about exercise in our presentation.
ROSIE:
Well, we've done quite a bit of reading about it.
ADAM:
I know, but it's going to mean we have a very wide focus, and our tutor did say that we need to focus on causes and solutions in terms of nutrition.
ROSIE:
I suppose so. And we've got plenty of information about that. OK, well that will be simpler.
ADAM:
So what shall we do now? We've still got half an hour before our next lecture.
ROSIE:
Let's think about what we're going to include and what will go where. Then we can decide what slides we need.
ADAM:
OK, fine.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
D
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Adam nói I can talk about the experiment I did to see if people can tell the difference between real sugar and artificial sweeteners là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy It took me ages to decide exactly how I'd organise it

=> thí nghiệm mất nhiều thời gian để sắp xếp, không đơn giản

=> loại B



Nghe tiếp thấy especially how I could make sure that people didn't know which drink I was giving them

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22
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy I had so many people doing it

=> nhiều người tham gia thí nghiệm

=> chọn C





Nghe tiếp thấy I hadn't thought they would be able to, but most people could

=> Adam không nghĩ mọi người sẽ phân biệt được, nhưng kết quả lại ngược lại

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23
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe Rosie nói there's that experiment I did measuring the fat content of nuts là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy My results were a bit problematic - the fat content for that type of nut seemed much lower than it said on the package. But I reckon the package information was right. I think I should probably have ground up the nuts more than I did.

=> lượng chất béo có vẻ thấp hơn nhiều so với bao bì

=> tuy nhiên Rosie cho rằng bao bì ghi đúng và cô ấy nên nghiền hạt ra nhỏ hơn nữa

=> loại D

, chọn C


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24
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy It's possible that the scales for weighing the fat weren't accurate enough, too

=> có thể là cân chưa chính xác

=> chọn E



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25
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Adam nhắc tới restaurants và reduce obesity là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy if you put the low-calorie items at the beginning and end of the menu, people will probably go for the food with fewer calories, without even realising what they're doing

=> nếu đặt các món ít calorie hơn ở đầu và cuối menu thì nhiều người sẽ chọn các món này

=> cần sắp xếp lại menu để giúp giảm béo phì

=> chọn C



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26
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới food manufactures là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Rosie nói when manufacturers put calorie counts of a food on the label, they're sometimes really confusing and I suspect they do it on purpose

=> Rosie nghĩ các nhà sản xuất thức ăn làm bao bì khó hiểu một cách cố ý

=> Adam đồng ý và nói là if you look at the amount of calories in a pizza, they'll give you the calories per quarter pizza and you think, oh that's not too bad. But who's going to eat a quarter pizza?

=> nêu ví dụ để support cho ý kiến của Rosie là bao bì thực phẩm gây khó hiểu

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27
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới exercise more là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Rosie nhắc tới current guidelines và nói là Now when you ask them, about 40% of men and 30% of women say they do this, but when you objectively measure the amount of walking they do with motion sensors, you find that only 6% of men and 4% of women do the recommended amount of exercise

=> khi hỏi thì 40% nam và 30% nữ nói là họ tập thể dục theo guideline này, nhưng khi đo một cách khách quan thì chỉ có 6% nam và 4% nữ tập đủ mức quy định

=> mọi người thường ước tính sai lượng exercise họ làm

=> chọn B



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28
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Adam nói về stairs in a train station là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy If people reach the stairs before they reach the escalator when they're leaving the station, they're more likely to take the stairs. And if you increase the width of the stairs, you'll get more people using them at the same time

=> nếu mọi người có thể tới được cầu thang bộ trước khi họ tới cầu thang cuốn thì họ sẽ thường dùng cầu thang bộ hơn, và nếu độ rộng của cầu thang bộ được cải thiện thì sẽ có nhiều người dùng một lúc hơn

=> Adam kết luận là It's an unconscious process and influenced by minor modifications in their environment

=> có thể dùng các sự thay đổi nhỏ trong môi trường xung quanh để ảnh hưởng tới quyết định của con người

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29
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy Adam nói I'm not sure if we should be talking about exercise in our presentation là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe Rosie nói we've done quite a bit of reading about it

=> đã đọc khá nhiều về vấn đề này

=> không cần research thêm

=> loại B

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30
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới what shall we do now là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Rosie nói Let's think about what we're going to include and what will go where. Then we can decide what slides we need.

=> cần phải suy nghĩ về phần nào sẽ được thêm vào bài và bố cục như thế nào, từ đó mới bắt đầu làm slide

=> loại A

, chọn C


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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Hand knitting
Interest in knitting
  • Knitting has a long history around the world.

  • We imagine someone like a

    31
    knitting.

  • A

    32
    ago, knitting was expected to disappear.

  • The number of knitting classes is now increasing.

  • People are buying more

    33
    for knitting nowadays.

Benefits of knitting
  • gives support in times of

    34
    difficulty.

  • requires only

    35
    skills and little money to start.

  • reduces stress in a busy life.

Early knitting
  • The origins are not known.

  • Findings show early knitted items to be

    36
    in shape.

  • The first needles were made of natural materials such as wood and

    37
    .

  • Early yarns felt

    38
    to touch.

  • Wool became the most popular yarn for spinning.

  • Geographical areas had their own

    39
    of knitting.

  • Everyday tasks like looking after

    40
    were done while knitting.

❓ Tapescript section 4

Hand Knitting
00:00
Good morning everyone. So today we're going to look at an important creative activity and that's hand knitting.
Ancient knitted garments have been found in many different countries, showing that knitting is a global activity with a long history.
When someone says the word 'knitting' we might well picture an elderly person - a grandmother perhaps - sitting by the fire knitting garments for themselves or other members of the family. It's a homely image, but one that may lead you to feel that knitting is an activity of the past - and, indeed, during the previous decade, it was one of the skills that was predicted to vanish from everyday life.
For although humans have sewn and knitted their own clothing for a very long time, many of these craft-based skills went into decline when industrial machines took over - mainly because they were no longer passed down from one generation to another.
However, that's all changing and interest in knitting classes in many countries is actually rising, as more and more people are seeking formal instruction in the skill.
With that trend, we're also seeing an increase in the sales figures for knitting equipment.
So why do people want to be taught to knit at a time when a machine can readily do the job for them?
The answer is that knitting, as a handicraft, has numerous benefits for those doing it.
Let's consider what some of these might be.
While many people knitted garments in the past because they couldn't afford to buy clothes, it's still true today that knitting can be helpful if you're experiencing economic hardship.
If you have several children who all need warm winter clothes, knitting may save you a lot of money.
And the results of knitting your own clothes can be very rewarding, even though the skills you need to get going are really quite basic and the financial outlay is minimal.
But the more significant benefits in today's world are to do with well-being.
In a world where it's estimated that we spend up to nine hours a day online, doing something with our hands that is craft-based makes us feel good.
It releases us from the stress of a technological, fast-paced life.
Now, let's look back a bit to early knitting activities.
In fact, no one really knows when knitting first began, but archaeological remains have disclosed plenty of information for us to think about.
One of the interesting things about knitting is that the earliest pieces of clothing that have been found suggest that most of the items produced were round rather than flat.
Discoveries from the 3rd and 4th centuries in Egypt show that things like socks and gloves, that were needed to keep hands and feet warm, were knitted in one piece using four or five needles.
That's very different from most knitting patterns today, which only require two.
What's more, the very first needles people used were hand carved out of wood and other natural materials, like bone, whereas today's needles are largely made of steel or plastic and make that characteristic clicking sound when someone's using them.
Ancient people knitted using yarns made from linen, hemp, cotton and wool, and these were often very rough on the skin.
The spinning wheel, which allowed people to make finer yarns and produce much greater quantities of them, led to the dominance of wool in the knitting industry-often favoured for its warmth.
Another interesting fact about knitting is that because it was practised in so many parts of the world for so many purposes, regional differences in style developed.
This visual identity has allowed researchers to match bits of knitted clothing that have been unearthed over time to the region from which the wearer came or the job that he or she did.
As I've mentioned, knitting offered people from poor communities a way of making extra money while doing other tasks.
For many centuries, it seems, men, women and children took every opportunity to knit, for example, while watching over sheep, walking to market or riding in boats.
So, let's move on to take a ...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
grandmother
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun, chỉ một người nào đó



Nghe thấy When someone says the word 'knitting' we might well picture an elderly person - a grandmother perhaps - sitting by the fire knitting garments for themselves or other members of the family.

=> khi nhắc tới knitting thì chúng ta thường nghĩ ngay tới hình ảnh một người lớn tuổi - ví dụ như bà

=> đáp án là grandmother



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32
decade
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun, chỉ một khoảng thời gian



Nghe tới knitting is an activity of the past là biết chuẩn bị nói về quá khứ, đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy during the previous decade, it was one of the skills that was predicted to vanish from everyday life

=> trong thập kỷ trước thì mọi người tiên đoán knitting sẽ biến mất (vanish = disappear)

=> đáp án là decade



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33
equipment
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới more and more people are seeking formal instruction in the skill

=> càng ngày càng nhiều người muốn được đào tạo bài bản về knitting (= the skill)

=> knitting classes càng ngày càng phổ biến

=> đáp án sắp tới

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34
economic
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: adjective



Nghe tới numerous benefits là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy knitting can be helpful if you're experiencing economic hardship

=> knitting có thể giúp khi gặp vấn đề về kinh tế (hardship = difficulty)

=> đáp án là economic



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35
basic
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: adjective



Nghe thấy even though the skills you need to get going are really quite basic and the financial outlay is minimal

=> chỉ yêu cầu một vài kĩ năng căn bản và một số tiền nhỏ ban đầu để bắt đầu knitting

=> đáp án là basic



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36
round
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: adjective, chỉ một loại hình dáng



Nghe tới early knitting activities là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy One of the interesting things about knitting is that the earliest pieces of clothing that have been found suggest that most of the items produced were round rather than flat

=> các mẫu vật được tìm thấy cho thấy rằng đa số các vật được đan có hình dạng tròn thay vì phẳng

=> đáp án là round



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37
bone
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới the very first needles là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy the very first needles people used were hand carved out of wood and other natural materials, like bone

=> những cây kim đầu tiên được làm từ gỗ hoặc các nguyên liệu tự nhiên như là xương

=> đáp án là bones



Xem full giải thích
38
rough
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: adjective



Nghe tới yarns là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Ancient people knitted using yarns made from linen, hemp, cotton and wool, and these were often very rough on the skin

=> người cổ đại dùng len từ các vật liệu như sợi bông và lông cừu, và những vật liệu này thường có cảm giác khá thô cứng (feel = on the skin)

=> đáp án là rough



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39
style
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới so many parts of the world

=> bằng nghĩa với geographical areas

=> biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy regional differences in style developed

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40
sheep
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới knitting offered people from poor communities a way of making extra money while doing other tasks

=> những người nghèo thường đan len trong khi làm những việc khác

=> cần nghe họ làm gì trong lúc đan len

=> biết đáp án sắp tới

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