Cambridge IELTS 16 - Listening Test 2 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

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Cambridge IELTS 16 - Listening Test 2 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Copying photos to digital format
Name of company: Picturerep
Requirements
- Maximum size of photos is 30 cm, minimum size 4 cm.
- Photos must not be in a
1
or an album.
Cost
- The cost for 360 photos is £
2
(including one disk).
- Before the completed order is sent,
3
is required.
Services included in the price
• Photos can be placed in a folder, e.g. with the name
4
.
• The
5
and contrast can be improved if necessary.
• Photos which are very fragile will be scanned by
6
.
Special restore service (costs extra)
• It may be possible to remove an object from a photo, or change the
7
.
• A photo which is not correctly in
8
cannot be fixed.
Other information
• Orders are completed within
9
.
• Send the photos in a box (not
10
).

❓ Tapescript section 1

Copying Photos To Digital Format
00:00
EMPLOYEE:
Hello, Picturerep. Can I help you?
WOMAN:
Oh, hi. I saw your advertisement about copying pictures to disk and I'd like a bit more information about what you do.
EMPLOYEE:
Sure. What would you like to know?
WOMAN:
Well, I've got a box full of old family photos that's been up in the attic for years, some of them must be 50 or 60 years old, and I'd like to get them converted to digital format.
EMPLOYEE:
Sure, we can do that for you.
WOMAN:
Right. And what about size? The photos are all sorts of sizes are there any restrictions?
EMPLOYEE:
Well the maximum size of photo we can do with our normal service is 30 centimetres. And each picture must be at least 4 centimetres, that's the minimum we can cope with.
WOMAN:
That should be fine. And some of them are in a frame - should I take them out before I send them?
EMPLOYEE:
Yes please, we can't copy them otherwise. And also the photos must all be separate, they mustn't be stuck into an album.
WOMAN:
OK, that's not a problem. So can you give me an idea of how much this will cost? I've got about 360 photos I think.
EMPLOYEE:
We charge £195 for 300 to 400 photos for the basic service.
WOMAN:
OK. And does that include the disk?
EMPLOYEE:
Yes, one disk - but you can get extra ones for £5 each.
WOMAN:
That's good. So do I need to pay when I send you the photos?
EMPLOYEE:
No, we won't need anything until we've actually copied the pictures. Then we'll let you know how much it is, and once we've received the payment, we'll send the parcel off to you.
WOMAN:
Right.
EMPLOYEE:
Is there anything else you'd like to ask about our services?
WOMAN:
Yes. I've roughly sorted out the photos into groups, according to what they're about - so can you keep them in those groups when you copy them?
EMPLOYEE:
Sure. We'll save each group in a different folder on the disk and if you like, you can suggest a name for each folder.
WOMAN:
So I could have one called 'Grandparents' for instance?
EMPLOYEE:
Exactly.
WOMAN:
And do you do anything besides scan the photos? Like, can you make any Improvements?
EMPLOYEE:
Yes, in the standard service each photo is checked, and we can sometimes touch up the colour a bit, or improve the contrast - that can make a big difference.
WOMAN:
OK. And some of the photos are actually quite fragile - they won't get damaged in the process, will they?
EMPLOYEE:
No, if any look particularly fragile, we'd do them by hand. We do realise how precious these old photos can be.
WOMAN:
Sure.
EMPLOYEE:
And another thing is we can make changes to a photo if you want - so if you want to remove an object from a photo, or maybe alter the background, we can do that.
WOMAN:
Really? I might be interested in that. I'll have a look through the photos and see. Oh, and talking of fixing photos - I've got a few that aren't properly in focus. Can you do anything to make that better?
EMPLOYEE:
No, I'm afraid that's one thing we can't do.
WOMAN:
OK.
EMPLOYEE:
Any other information I can give you?
WOMAN:
Er ... oh, how long will it all take?
EMPLOYEE:
We aim to get the copying done in ten days.
WOMAN:
Fine. Right, well I'll get the photos packed up in a box and post them off to you.
EMPLOYEE:
Right. If you've got a strong cardboard box, that's best. We've found that plastic ones sometimes break in the post.
WOMAN:
OK. Right, thanks for your help. Bye.
EMPLOYEE:
Bye.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
frame
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới employee nói về size là biết đáp án sắp tới, do đây là ý ngay trước ý mình cần nghe



Nghe thấy khách nói là some of them are in a frame

=> employee trả lời the photos must all be separate, they mustn't be stuck into an album

=> ảnh không được đóng trong khung hay gắn trong album

Xem full giải thích
2
195
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: number



Nghe tới khách hỏi how much this will cost? và nhắc tới số 360 photos

=> biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy employee trả lời là We charge £195 for 300 to 400 photos for the basic service

=> khách hỏi tiếp là có bao gồm disk không, employee nói yes, one disk

Xem full giải thích
3
payment
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe thấy once we've received the payment, we'll send the parcel off to you

=> sau khi nhận được thanh toán thì sẽ gửi hàng (copied photos) tới nhà khách hàng

=> yêu cầu cần có payment trước

=> đáp án là payment



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4
Grandparents
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: nhiều khả năng là noun



Nghe nhắc tới folder là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy employee nói là you can suggest a name for each folder

=> khách hỏi I could have one called 'Grandparents' for instance?, employee nói đúng

=> đáp án là Grandparents



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5
color
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun, song song với contrast



Nghe tới make any improvements là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy employee nói là we can sometimes touch up the color a bit, or improve the contrast

=> có thể chỉnh lại màu sắc hoặc độ tương phản

=> đáp án là color



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6
hand
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun, chỉ một phương pháp



Nghe tới photos are actually quite fragile là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy if any look particularly fragile, we'd do them by hand

=> nếu hình có vẻ mỏng manh quá thì sẽ làm bằng tay (thay vì bằng máy)

=> đáp án là hand



Xem full giải thích
7
background
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới we can make changes to a photo if you want là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy if you want to remove an object from a photo, or maybe alter the background, we can do that

=> nếu khách cần xóa vài thứ trong hình hoặc thay đổi hình nền (alter = change)

=> đáp án là background



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8
focus
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe thấy khách nói Oh, and talking of fixing photos - I've got a few that aren't properly in focus. Can you do anything to make that better?

=> có vài hình bị lệch tâm, không biết sửa được không

=> employee nói No, I'm afraid that's one thing we can't do

=> không sửa được hình mà bị lệch tâm (not in focus)

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9
ten/10 days
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: một khoảng thời gian



Nghe tới câu hỏi how long will it all take là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy we aim to get the copying done in ten days

=> sẽ xong trong vòng 10 ngày

=> đáp án là ten/10 days



Xem full giải thích
10
plastic
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun/adjective



Nghe tới packed up in a box là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy employee nói rằng If you've got a strong cardboard box, that's best. We've found that plastic ones sometimes break in the post.

=> dùng hộp bìa cứng là tốt nhất do hộp nhựa thường bể trong quá trính vận chuyển

=> đáp án là plastic



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 15
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
11
Dartfield House school used to be
A
a tourist information centre.
B
a private home.
C
a local council building.
12
What is planned with regard to the lower school?
A
All buildings on the main site will be improved.
B
The lower school site will be used for new homes.
C
Additional school buildings will be constructed on the lower school site.
13
The catering has been changed because of
A
long queuing times.
B
changes to the school timetable.
C
dissatisfaction with the menus.
14
Parents are asked to
A
help their children to decide in advance which serving point to use.
B
make sure their children have enough money for food.
C
advise their children on healthy food to eat.
15
What does the speaker say about the existing canteen?
A
Food will still be served there.
B
Only staff will have access to it.
C
Pupils can take their food into it.
Question 16 - 18
What comment does the speaker make about each of the following serving points in the Food Hall?
Choose THREE answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-D
List of Findings
A
pupils help to plan menus
B
only vegetarian food
C
different food every week
D
daily change in menu
16
World Adventures
17
Street Life
18
Speedy Italian
Question 19 - 20
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Which TWO optional after-school lessons are new?
A
swimming
B
piano
C
acting
D
cycling
E
theatre sound and lighting

❓ Tapescript section 2

Dartfield House School
00:00
Good morning and thank you for coming here today.
I'd like to bring you up to date with changes in the school that will affect your children.
As you know, the school buildings date from various times: some from the 1970s, some from the last five years, and of course Dartfield House is over a century old.
It was commissioned by a businessman, Neville Richards, and intended as his family home, but he died before it was completed.
His heir chose to sell it to the local council, who turned it into offices.
A later plan to convert it into a tourist information centre didn't come about, through lack of money, and instead it formed the nucleus of this school when it opened 40 years ago.
The school has grown as the local population has increased, and I can now give you some news about the lower school site, which is separated from the main site by a road.
Planning permission has been granted for development of both sites.
The lower school will move to new buildings that will be constructed on the main site.
Developers will construct houses on the existing lower school site.
Work on the new school buildings should start within the next few months.
A more imminent change concerns the catering facilities and the canteen.
The canteen is always very busy throughout the lunch period - in fact it's often full to capacity, because a lot of our pupils like the food that's on offer there.
But there's only one serving point, so most pupils have to wait a considerable time to be served.
This is obviously unsatisfactory, as they may have hardly finished their lunch before afternoon lessons start.
So we've had a new Food Hall built, and this will come into use next week.
It'll have several serving areas, and I'll give you more details about those in a minute, but one thing we ask you to do, to help in the smooth running of the Food Hall, is to discuss with your children each morning which type of food they want to eat that day, so they can go straight to the relevant serving point.
There won't be any junk food - everything on offer will be healthy - and there's no change to the current system of paying for lunches by topping up your child's electronic payment card online.
You may be wondering what will happen to the old canteen.
We'll still have tables and chairs in there, and pupils can eat food from the Food Hall or lunch they've brought from home.
Eventually we may use part of the canteen for storage, but first we'll see how many pupils go in there at lunchtime.
OK, back to the serving points in the Food Hall, which will all have side dishes, desserts and drinks on sale, as well as main courses.
One serving point we call World Adventures.
This will serve a different country's cuisine each day, maybe Chinese one day and Lebanese the next.
The menus will be planned for a week at a time, so pupils will know what's going to be available the whole of that week.
Street Life is also international, with food from three particular cultures.
We'll ask pupils to make suggestions, so perhaps sometimes there'll be food from Thailand, Ethiopia and Mexico, and then one of them will be replaced by Jamaican food for a week or two.
The Speedy Italian serving point will cater particularly for the many pupils who don't eat meat or fish: they can be sure that all the food served there is suitable for them.
There'll be plenty of variety, so they shouldn't get bored with the food.
OK, that's all on the new Food Hall. Now after-school lessons.
These are very popular with pupils, particularly swimming - in fact there's a waiting list for lessons.
Cycling is another favourite, and I'm delighted that dozens of pupils make use of the chance to learn to ride in off-road conditions.
It means that more and more cycle to and from school every day.
As you know, we have a well-equipped performance centre, and we're going to start drama classes in there, too.
Pupils will be able to join in just for fun or work up to taking part in a play - we hope to put on at least one a year.
We already teach a number of pupils to use the sound and lighting systems in the centre.
And a former pupil has given a magnificent grand piano to the school, so a few pupils will be able to learn at the school instead of going to the local college, as many of them do at the moment.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới tên Dartfield House là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy It was commissioned by a businessman, Neville Richards, and intended as his family home, but he died before it was completed

=> mục đích ban đầu là để làm nhà riêng cho Neville Richards, tuy nhiên ông ấy mất trước khi nhà được xây xong

=> loại B



Nghe tiếp thấy His heir chose to sell it to the local council, who turned it into offices

Xem full giải thích
12
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới lower school site là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy The lower school will move to new buildings that will be constructed on the main site

=> lower school sẽ chuyển sang các tòa nhà mới, sẽ được xây trên main site

=> các tòa nhà school buildings mới sẽ không xây trên lower school site

=> loại C

Xem full giải thích
13
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới canteen

=> có liên quan tới catering trong câu hỏi, biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy a lot of our pupils like the food that's on offer there

=> học sinh thích đồ ăn, không có vấn đề với menu

=> loại C

Xem full giải thích
14
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới one thing we ask you to do...

=> you ở đây là đối tượng đang nghe bài nói này, là parents

=> biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy one thing we ask you to do, to help in the smooth running of the Food Hall, is to discuss with your children each morning which type of food they want to eat that day, so they can go straight to the relevant serving point

=> nhờ phụ huynh trao đổi với học sinh trước mỗi buổi sáng xem hôm nay muốn ăn gì

Xem full giải thích
15
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới what will happen to the old canteen là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy We'll still have tables and chairs in there, and pupils can eat food from the Food Hall or lunch they've brought from home

=> vẫn có bàn ghế, và học sinh có thể mang đồ ăn vô đó ăn

=> không chỉ dành riêng cho nhân viên, và chỗ này không phục vụ đồ ăn nữa, nhưng học sinh vẫn có thể mnag đồ ăn vào đây ăn

=> loại A và B

, chọn C


Xem full giải thích
16
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới tên World Adventures là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy This will serve a different country's cuisine each day

=> sẽ thay đổi thực đơn mỗi ngày

=> chọn D



Xem full giải thích
17
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Street Life là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy We'll ask pupils to make suggestions

=> sẽ nhờ học sinh góp ý xem nên làm đồ ăn gì

=> chọn A



Xem full giải thích
18
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Speedy Italian là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy for the many pupils who don't eat meat or fish: they can be sure that all the food served there is suitable for them

=> dành riêng cho học sinh không ăn thịt hay cá = ăn chay

=> chọn B



Xem full giải thích
19
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới after-school lessons là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy These are very popular with pupils, particularly swimming - in fact there's a waiting list for lessons

=> swimming đã đang được dạy rồi, không phải mới

=> loại A



Nghe tiếp thấy Cyling is another favorite

Xem full giải thích
20
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy We already teach a number of pupils to use the sound and lighting systems in the centre

=> đã đang dạy sound and lighting system rồi

=> loại E



Nghe tiếp thấy And a former pupil has given a magnificent grand piano to the school, so a few pupils will be able to learn at the school instead of going to the local college

=> một cựu học sinh mới tặng trường một cây đàn piano, nên có thể bắt đầu mở lớp cho học sinh

Xem full giải thích

Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 24
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
Luke read that one reason why we often forget dreams is that
A
our memories cannot cope with too much information.
B
we might otherwise be confused about what is real.
C
we do not think they are important.
22
What do Luke and Susie agree about dreams predicting the future?
A
It may just be due to chance.
B
It only happens with certain types of event.
C
It happens more often than some people think.
23
Susie says that a study on pre-school children having a short nap in the day
A
had controversial results.
B
used faulty research methodology.
C
failed to reach any clear conclusions.
24
In their last assignment, both students had problems with
A
statistical analysis.
B
making an action plan.
C
self-assessment.
Question 25 - 30
Complete the flow chart below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Assignment plan
STEP 01
Decide on research question:
Is there a relationship between hours of sleep and number of dreams?
STEP 02
Decide on sample:
Twelve students from the
25
department.
STEP 03
Decide on procedure:
Answers on
26
.
STEP 04
Check ethical guidelines for working with
27
. Ensure that risk is assessed and
28
is kept to a minimum.
STEP 05
Analyse the results
Calculate the correlation and make a
29
.
STEP 06

30
the research.

❓ Tapescript section 3

Assignment On Sleep And Dreams
00:00
SUSIE:
So Luke, for our next psychology assignment we have to do something on sleep and dreams.
LUKE:
Right. I've just read an article suggesting why we tend to forget most of our dreams soon after we wake up. I mean, most of my dreams aren't that interesting anyway, but what it said was that if we remembered everything, we might get mixed up about what actually happened and what we dreamed. So it's a sort of protection. I hadn't heard that idea before. I'd always assumed that it was just that we didn't have room in our memories for all that stuff.
SUSIE:
Me too. What do you think about the idea that our dreams may predict the future?
LUKE:
It's a belief that you get all over the world.
SUSIE:
Yeah, lots of people have a story of it happening to them, but the explanation I've read is that for each dream that comes true, we have thousands that don't, but we don't notice those, we don't even remember them. We just remember the ones where something in the real world, like a view or an action, happens to trigger a dream memory.
LUKE:
Right. So it's just a coincidence really. Something else I read about is what they call segmented sleeping. That's a theory that hundreds of years ago, people used to get up in the middle of the night and have a chat or something to eat, then go back to bed. So I tried it myself.
SUSIE:
Why?
LUKE:
Well it's meant to make you more creative. I don't know why. But I gave it up after a week. It just didn't fit in with my lifestyle.
SUSIE:
But most pre-school children have a short sleep in the day don't they? There was an experiment some students did here last term to see at what age kids should stop having naps. But they didn't really find an answer. They spent a lot of time working out the most appropriate methodology, but the results didn't seem to show any obvious patterns.
LUKE:
Right. Anyway, let's think about our assignment. Last time I had problems with the final stage, where we had to describe and justify how successful we thought we'd been. I struggled a bit with the action plan too.
SUSIE:
I was OK with the planning, but I got marked down for the self-assessment as well. And I had big problems with the statistical stuff, that's where I really lost marks.
LUKE:
Right.
SUSIE:
So shall we plan what we have to do for this assignment?
LUKE:
OK.
SUSIE:
First, we have to decide on our research question. So how about 'Is there a relationship between hours of sleep and number of dreams?'
LUKE:
OK. Then we need to think about who we'll do the study on. About 12 people?
SUSIE:
Right. And shall we use other psychology students?
LUKE:
Let's use people from a different department. What about history?
SUSIE:
Yes, they might have interesting dreams! Or literature students?
LUKE:
I don't really know any.
SUSIE:
OK, forget that idea. Then we have to think about our methodology. So we could use observation, but that doesn't seem appropriate.
LUKE:
No. It needs to be self-reporting I think. And we could ask them to answer questions online.
SUSIE:
But in this case, paper might be better as they'll be doing it straight after they wake up ... in fact while they're still half-asleep.
LUKE:
Right. And we'll have to check the ethical guidelines for this sort of research.
SUSIE:
Mm, because our experiment involves humans, so there are special regulations.
LUKE:
Yes, I had a look at those for another assignment I did. There's a whole section on risk assessment, and another section on making sure they aren't put under any unnecessary stress.
SUSIE:
Let's hope they don't have any bad dreams!
LUKE:
Yeah.
SUSIE:
Then when we've collected all our data we have to analyse it and calculate the correlation between our two variables, that's time sleeping and number of dreams and then present our results visually in a graph.
LUKE:
Right. And the final thing is to think about our research and evaluate it. So that seems quite straightforward.
SUSIE:
Yeah. So now let's ...

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Luke nói why we tend to forget most of our dreams là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy what it said was that if we remembered everything, we might get mixed up about what actually happened and what we dreamed

=> nếu nhớ hết những gì xảy ra trong mơ thì có thể sẽ bị lẫn lộn giữa hiện thực và mơ

=> mixed up = confused

=> chọn B



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22
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới predict the future là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Susie giải thích là for each dream that comes true, we have thousands that don't, but we don't notice those, we don't even remember them

=> với mỗi giấc mơ thành sự thật thì có cả ngàn giấc mơ chỉ là mơ, nhưng chúng ta thường không chú ý tới hay nhớ về các giấc mơ không thành sự thật

=> Luke xác nhận là Right. So it's just a coincidence really.

=> chỉ là sự trùng hợp ngẫu nhiên (coincidence = due to chance)

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23
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới pre-school children have a short sleep là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Susie nói về experiment rằng There was an experiment some students did here last term to see at what age kids should stop having naps. But they didn't really find an answer. They spent a lot of time working out the most appropriate methodology, but the results didn't seem to show any obvious patterns

=> kết quả của thí nghiệm không rõ ràng và chưa đủ tính thuyết phục, mặc dù đã dùng phương pháp nghiên cứu phù hợp

=> loại B

, chọn C


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24
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Luke nói về assignment là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Luke nói Last time I had problems with the final stage, where we had to describe and justify how successful we thought we'd been. I struggled a bit with the action plan too.

=> bài trước có vấn đề với phần đánh giá xem bài thành công như thế nào và phần action plan

=> cần nghe xem Susie có vấn đề phần nào



Nghe tiếp thấy Susie nói I was OK with the planning, but I got marked down for the self-assessment as well. And I had big problems with the statistical stuff, that's where I really lost marks.

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25
history
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới 12 people là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Susie gợi ý shall we use other psychology students? nhưng Luke nói là Let's use people from a different department. What about history?

=> Susie đồng ý và nói Yes, they might have interesting dreams!

=> đáp án là history





Tuy nhiên ngay sau đó có nhắc tới literature students

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26
paper
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới phần methodology

=> bằng nghĩa với procedure trong đề

=> biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Luke nói we could ask them to answer questions online

=> nhưng sau đó Susie nói rằng But in this case, paper might be better as they'll be doing it straight after they wake up

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27
humans / people
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới ethical guidelines là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy because our experiment involves humans, so there are special regulations

=> do thí nghiệm có liên quan tới con người nên sẽ có các quy định đặc biệt

=> đáp án là humans hoặc people



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28
stress
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới risk assessment là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy another section on making sure they aren't put under any unnecessary stress

=> đảm bảo là người tham gia thí nghiệm không bị stress không cần thiết

=> cần giữ mức stress thấp nhất có thể

=> đáp án là stress



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29
graph
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới calculate the correlation là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy then present our results visually in a graph

=> sau khi tính toán thì trình bày kết quả một cách trực quan bằng cách dùng biểu đồ

=> cần phải làm biểu đồ

=> đáp án là graph



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30
evaluate
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới the final thing is... là biết đáp án sắp tới, do đây là bước cuối



Nghe thấy to think about our research and evaluate it

=> cần suy nghĩ về nghiên cứu và đánh giá nó

=> đáp án là evaluate

, bạn chứ ý là chỉ được điền một từ nên không điền think about

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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Health benefits of dance
Recent findings:
- All forms of dance produce various hormones associated with feelings of happiness.
- Dancing with others has a more positive impact than dancing alone.
- An experiment on university students suggested that dance increases
31
.
- For those with mental illness, dance could be used as a form of
32
.

Benefits of dance for older people:
- accessible for people with low levels of
33
.
- reduces the risk of heart disease
- better
34
reduces the risk of accidents
- improves
35
function by making it work faster
- improves participants' general well-being
- gives people more
36
to take exercise
- can lessen the feeling of
37
, very common in older people

Benefits of Zumba:
- A study at The University of Wisconsin showed that doing Zumba for 40 minutes uses up as many
38
as other quite intense forms of exercise.
- The American Journal of Health Behavior study showed that:
- women suffering from
39
benefited from doing Zumba.
- Zumba became a
40
for the participants.

❓ Tapescript section 4

Health Benefits Of Dance
00:00
Dancing is something that humans do when they want to have a good time.
It's a universal response to music, found in all cultures.
But what's only been discovered recently is that dancing not only makes us feel good, it's also extremely good for our health.
Dancing, like other forms of exercise, releases hormones, such as dopamine, which make us feel relaxed and happy.
And it also reduces feelings of stress or anxiety.
Dancing is also a sociable activity, which is another reason it makes us feel good.
One study compared people's enjoyment of dancing at home in front of a video with dancing in a group in a studio.
The people dancing in a group reported feeling happier, whereas those dancing alone did not.
In another experiment, university researchers at York and Sheffield took a group of students and sent each of them into a lab where music was played for five minutes.
Each had to choose from three options: to sit and listen quietly to the music, to cycle on an exercise bike while they listened, or to get up and dance.
All were given cognitive tasks to perform before and after.
The result showed that those who chose to dance showed much more creativity when doing problem-solving tasks.
Doctor Lovatt at the University of Hertfordshire believes dance could be a very useful way to help people suffering from mental health problems.
He thinks dance should be prescribed as therapy to help people overcome issues such as depression.
It's well established that dance is a good way of encouraging adolescent girls to take exercise but what about older people?
Studies have shown that there are enormous benefits for people in their sixties and beyond.
One of the great things about dance is that there are no barriers to participation.
Anyone can have a go, even those whose standard of fitness is quite low.
Dance can be especially beneficial for older adults who can't run or do more intense workouts, or for those who don't want to.
One 2015 study found that even a gentle dance workout helps to promote a healthy heart.
And there's plenty of evidence which suggests that dancing lowers the risk of falls, which could result in a broken hip, for example, by helping people to improve their balance.
There are some less obvious benefits of dance for older people too.
One thing I hadn't realised before researching this topic was that dance isn't just a physical challenge.
It also requires a lot of concentration because you need to remember different steps and routines.
For older people, this kind of activity is especially important because it forces their brain to process things more quickly and to retain more information.
Current research also shows that dance promotes a general sense of well-being in older participants, which can last up to a week after a class.
Participants report feeling less tired and having greater motivation to be more active and do daily activities such as gardening or walking to the shops or a park.
Ballroom or country dancing, both popular with older people, have to be done in groups.
They require collaboration and often involve touching a dance partner, all of which encourages interaction on the dance floor.
This helps to develop new relationships and can reduce older people's sense of isolation, which is a huge problem in many countries.
I also looked at the benefits of Zumba.
Fifteen million people in 180 countries now regularly take a Zumba class, an aerobic workout based on Latin American dance moves.
John Porcari, a professor of exercise and sport science at the University of Wisconsin, analysed a group of women who were Zumba regulars and found that a class lasting 40 minutes burns about 370 calories.
This is similar to moderately intense exercises like step aerobics or kickboxing.
A study in the American Journal of Health Behavior showed that when women with obesity did Zumba three times a week for 16 weeks, they lost an average of 1.2 kilos and lowered their percentage of body fat by 1%. More importantly, the women enjoyed the class so much that they made it a habit and continued to attend classes at least once a week - very unusual for an aerobic exercise programme.
Dance is never going to compete with high-intensity workouts when it comes to physical fitness gains, but its popularity is likely to keep on rising because it's such a fun way to keep fit.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
creativity
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới In another experiment, university researchers at York and Sheffield took a group of students

=> đang chuẩn bị nói về experiment với students

=> biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy The result showed that those who chose to dance showed much more creativity when doing problem-solving tasks

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32
therapy
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới dance could be a very useful way to help people suffering from mental health problems

=> mental health problems = mental illness trong đề

=> biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy dance should be prescribed as therapy to help people overcome issues such as depression

Xem full giải thích
33
fitness
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới benefits for people in their sixties and beyond

=> bằng nghĩa với benefits for older people (60 tuổi trở lên)

=> biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Anyone can have a go, even those whose standard of fitness is quite low

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34
balance
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới promote a healthy heart

=> có liên quan tới heart disease trong đề, là ý ngay trước ý cần điền

=> theo thứ tự biết là đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy dancing lowers the risk of falls, which could result in a broken hip, for example, by helping people to improve their balance

Xem full giải thích
35
brain
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới less obvious benefits là biết đang chuẩn bị nói thêm về các benefits khác

=> đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy this kind of activity is especially important because it forces their brain to process things more quickly and to retain more information

=> hoạt động này (= dancing) quan trọng do nó buộc não họ phải xử lý thông tin nhanh hơn

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36
motivation
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới a general sense of well-being in older participants

=> bằng với ý ngay trước ý cần điền

=> theo thứ tự biết là đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Participants report feeling less tired and having greater motivation to be more active and do daily activities

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37
isolation
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe thấy This helps to develop new relationships and can reduce older people's sense of isolation, which is a huge problem in many countries

=> giúp tạo các mối quan hệ mới và giảm cảm giác bị cô lập, là vấn đề lớn tại nhiều quốc gia (= vấn đề này rất thường thấy ở người cao tuổi)

=> reduce = lessen

=> đáp án là isolation



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38
calories
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun số nhiều



Nghe tới John Porcari, a professor of exercise and sport science at the University of Wisconsin là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy a class lasting 40 minutes burns about 370 calories

=> một lớp Zumba 40 phút đốt cháy khoảng 370 calories

=> đáp án là calories



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39
obesity
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun, chỉ một loại bệnh



Nghe tới American Journal of Health Behavior là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy when women with obesity did Zumba three times a week for 16 weeks, they lost an average of 1.2 kilos and lowered their percentage of body fat by 1%

=> phụ nữ béo phì nếu tập Zumba thường xuyên thì giảm được cân nặng và giảm lượng mỡ trong cơ thể

=> họ benefit từ việc tập Zumba

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40
habit
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Câu này sẽ theo sát câu trước do trong cùng phần American Journal of Health Behavior nên bạn cần chú ý nghe kĩ để không bị lỡ



Nghe thấy the women enjoyed the class so much that they made it a habit and continued to attend classes at least once a week

=> những người phụ nữ thích Zumba tới mức họ biến nó thành thói quen và tham gia lớp ít nhất một lần mỗi tuần

=> đáp án là habit



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