Cambridge IELTS 13 - Listening Test 4 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

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Cambridge IELTS 13 - Listening Test 4 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD OR A NUMBER.
Alex’s Training
Example
Alex completed his training in 2014
About the applicant:
• At first Alex did his training in the
1
department
• Alex did not have a qualification from school in
2

• Alex thinks he should have done the diploma in
3
 skills
• Age of other trainees: the youngest was 
4

Benefits of doing training at JPNW:
• Lots of opportunities because of the size of the organization
• Trainees receive the same amount of 
5
 as permanent staff
• The training experience increases people’s confidence a lot
• Trainees go to
6
one day per month
• The company is in a convenient
7

Advice for interview:
• Do not wear 
8

• Do not be
9

• Make sure you 
10


❓ Tapescript section 1

Alex's Training
00:00
MARTHA:
Hi Alex. It’s Martha Clines here. James White gave me your number. I hope you don’t mind me calling you.
ALEX:
Of course not. How are you, Martha?
MARTHA:
Good thanks. I’m ringing because I need a bit of advice.
ALEX:
Oh yeah. What about?
MARTHA:
The training you did at JPNW a few years ago. I’m applying for the same thing.
ALEX:
Oh right. Yes, I did mine in 2014. Best thing I ever did. I’m still working there.
MARTHA:
Really? What are you doing?
ALEX:
Well, now I work in the customer services department but I did my initial training in Finance. I stayed there for the first two years and then moved to where I am now.
MARTHA:
That’s the same department I’m applying for. Did you enjoy it?
ALEX:
I was pretty nervous to begin with. I didn’t do well in my exams at school and I was really worried because I failed Maths. But it didn’t actually matter because I did lots of courses on the job.
MARTHA:
Did you get a diploma at the end of your trainee period? I’m hoping to do the one in business skills.
ALEX:
Yes. That sounds good. I took the one on IT skills but I wish I’d done that one instead.
MARTHA:
OK, that’s good to know. What about the other trainees? How did you get on with them?
ALEX:
There were about 20 of us who started at the same time and we were all around the same age – I was 18 and there was only one person younger than me, how was 17. The rest were between 18 and 20. I made some good friends.
MARTHA:
I’ve heard lots of good things about the training at JPNW. It seems like there are a lot of opportunities there.
ALEX:
Yeah, definitely. Because of its size you can work in loads of different areas within the organisation.
MARTHA:
What about pay? I know you get a lower minimum wage than regular employees.
ALEX:
That’s right – which isn’t great. Buy you get the same number of days’ holiday as everyone else. And the pay goes up massively if they offer you a job at the end of the training period.
MARTHA:
Yeah, but I’m not doing it for the money – it’s the experience I think will be really useful. Everyone says by the end of the year you gain so much confidence.
ALEX:
You’re right. That’s the most useful part about it. There’s a lot of variety too. You’re given lots of different things to do. I enjoyed it all – I didn’t even mind the studying.
MARTHA:
Do you have to spend any time in college?
ALEX:
Yes, one day each month. So you get lots of support from both your tutor and your manager.
MARTHA:
That’s good. And the company is easy to get to, isn’t it?
ALEX:
Yes, it’s very close to the train station so the location’s a real advantage.
ALEX:
Have you got a date for your interview yet?
MARTHA:
Yes, it’s on the 23rd of this month
ALEX:
So long as you’re well prepared there’s nothing to worry about. Everyone’s very friendly.
MARTHA:
I am not sure what I should wear. What do you think?
ALEX:
Nothing too casual – like jeans, for example. If you’ve got a nice jacket, wear that with a skirt or trousers.
MARTHA:
OK. Thanks. Any other tips?
ALEX:
Erm, well I know it’s really obvious but arrive in plenty of time. They hate people who are late. So make sure you know exactly where you have to get to. And one other useful piece of advice my manager told me before I had the interview for this job – is to smile. Even if you feel terrified. It makes people respond better to you.
MARTHA:
I’ll have to practise doing that in the mirror!
ALEX:
Yeah – well, good luck. Let me know if you need any more information.
MARTHA:
Thanks very much.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
Finance
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần tìm là noun, một department mà Alex training ban đầu



Sau khi nghe “The training you did at JPNW a few years ago.”

>> biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó nghe Alex trả lời “now I work in the customer services department, but I did my initial training in Finance” nhiều bạn nghe xong sẽ chọn đáp án customer services

>> tuy nhiên trước đó có từ “now”

Xem full giải thích
2
Math/Maths/Mathematics
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, một cái gì đó mà Alex không có qualification ở trường



Sau khi nghe “I didn't do well in my exams at school” biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe thấy lý do là bởi “because I failed Maths.”

>> không có qualification from school in Maths

>> từ cần điền là Maths



Xem full giải thích
3
business
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, một skill gì đó mà Alex đáng lẽ nên lấy diploma



Sau khi nghe “Did you get a diploma at the end of your trainee period?”

>> biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó nghe thấy Martha mong muốn sẽ lấy diploma trong business skills

>> Nghe tiếp thấy Alex trả lời “ I took the one on IT skills." nhiều bạn nghe sẽ chọn IT, tuy nhiên đây là diploma mà Alex đã lấy chứ không phải should have done

Xem full giải thích
4
17/seventeen
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền ở đây là số, số tuổi của người nhỏ nhất



Sau khi nghe “What about the other trainees?”

>> biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Nghe tiếp đến Alex nói mọi người đều around the same age chỉ có 1 người nhỏ hơn. “Who was 17

>> đáp án là 17



Xem full giải thích
5
holiday/vacation/holidays/vacations
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, là thứ mà trainee nhận được bằng với permanent staff



Sau khi nghe “ I know you get a lower minimum wage than regular employees. “

>> biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp theo nghe Alex trả lời “But you get the same number of day’s holiday as everyone else.”

>> Có but: thể hiện ý đối lập, nhận được ngày nghỉ bằng những người khác

Xem full giải thích
6
college
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, một nơi mà trainees đến 1 lần/tháng



Sau khi nghe “Do you have to spend any time in college?” biết đáp án sắp tới



Thấy luôn Martha hỏi về thời gian đến trường Alex confirm là có , one day a month

>> trainees đến college once a month

>> đáp án là college



Xem full giải thích
7
location
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, một nơi nào đó convenient mà công ty ở



Sau khi nghe “And the company is easy to get to, isn’t it?”

>> biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó nghe Alex trả lời nó nằm gần ga tàu nên the location’s a real advantage

>> đáp án cần điền là location



Xem full giải thích
8
jeans
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loaị từ cần điền là noun, một loại quần áo không nên mặc



Sau khi nghe "I am not sure what I should wear" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó nghe thấy Alex trả lời "Nothing too casual - like jeans"

>> không nên mặc những thứ quá casual như jeans

>> đáp án cần điền là jeans, cần chú ý jeans là plural thêm -s



Xem full giải thích
9
late
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun/adj



Sau khi nghe "Any other tips" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe thấy Alex nhắc nhở hãy đến sớm "in plenty of time. They hate people who are late."

>> đáp án cần điền là late bởi họ ghét những người đến trễ



Xem full giải thích
10
smile
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là verb, đừng quên phải làm điều này



Sau khi nghe "And one other useful piece of advice" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Nghe tiếp đến "my manager told me before I had the interview for this Job - is to smile"

>> người quản lý từng dặn Alex khi phỏng vấn cần phải cười

>> đáp án là smile



Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 16
Choose the correct letter A, B or C.
11
Annie recommends that when cross-country skiing, the visitors should
A
get away from the regular trails.
B
stop to enjoy views of the scenery.
C
go at a slow speed at the beginning.
12
What does Annie tell the group about this afternoon’s dog-sled trip?
A
Those who want to can take part in a race.
B
Anyone has the chance to drive a team of dogs.
C
One group member will be chosen to lead the trail.
13
What does Annie say about the team relay event?
A
All participants receive a medal.
B
The course is 4 km long.
C
Each team is led by a teacher.
14
On the snow-shoe trip, the visitors will
A
visit an old gold mine.
B
learn about unusual flowers.
C
climb to the top of a mountain.
15
The cost of accommodation in the mountain hut includes
A
a supply of drinking water.
B
transport of visitors’ luggage.
C
cooked meals.
16
If there is a storm while the visitors are in the hut, they should
A
contact the bus driver.
B
wait until the weather improves.
C
use the emergency locator beacon.
Question 17 - 20
What information does Annie give about skiing on each of the following mountain trails?
Choose FOUR answers from the options below and write the correct letter A-F next to questions.
List of Findings
A
it has a good place to stop and rest
B
it is suitable for all abilities
C
it involves crossing a river
D
it demands a lot of skill
E
it may be closed in bad weather
F
it has some very narrow sections
17
Highland trail
18
Pine trail
19
Stony trail
20
Loser’s trail

❓ Tapescript section 2

The Snow Centre
00:00
Hi everyone, welcome to the Snow Centre. My name’s Annie. I hope you enjoyed the bus trip from the airport – we’ve certainly got plenty of snow today! Well, you’ve come to New Zealand’s premier snow and ski centre, and we’ve a whole load of activities for you during your week here.
Most visitors come here for the cross-country skiing, where you’re on fairly flat ground for most of the time, rather than going down steep mountainsides. There are marked trails, but you can also leave these and go off on your own and that’s an experience not to be missed.
You can go at your own speed – it’s great aerobic exercise if you really push yourself, or if you prefer you can just glide gently along and enjoy the beautiful scenery.
This afternoon, you’ll be going on a dog-sled trip. You may have seen our dogs on TV recently racing in the winter sled festival. If you want, you can have your own team for the afternoon and learn how to drive them, following behind our leader on the trail. Or if you’d prefer, you can just sit back in the sled and enjoy the ride as a passenger.
At the weekend, we have the team relay event, and you’re all welcome to join in. We have a local school coming along, and a lot of the teachers are taking part too. Participation rather than winning is the main focus, and there’s a medal for everyone who takes part. Participants are in teams of two to four, and each team must complete four laps of the course.
For your final expedition, you’ll head off to Mount Frenner wearing a pair of special snow shoes which allow you to walk on top of the snow. This is an area where miners once searched for gold, though there are very few traces of their work left now. When the snow melts in summer, the mountain slopes are carpeted in flowers and plants. It’s a long ascent, though not too steep, and walkers generally take a couple of days to get to the summit and return.
You’ll spend the night in our hut half-way up the mountain. That’s included in your package for the stay. It’s got cooking facilities, firewood and water for drinking. For washing, we recommend you use melted snow, though, to conserve supplies. We can take your luggage up on our snowmobile for you for just ten dollars a person. The hut has cooking facilities so you can make a hot meal in the evening and morning, but you need to take your own food.
The weather on Mount Frenner can be very stormy. In that case, stay in the hut – generally the storms don’t last long. Don’t stress about getting back here to the centre in time to catch the airport bus – they’ll probably not be running anyway. We do have an emergency locator beacon in the hut but only use that if it’s real emergency, like if someone’s ill or injured.
Now, let me tell you something about the different ski trails you can follow during your stay here. Highland Trail’s directly accessible from where we are now. This trail’s been designed to give first-timers an experience they’ll enjoy regardless of their age or skill, but it’s also ideal for experts to practise their technique.
Then there’s Pine Trail … if you’re nervous about skiing, leave this one to the experts! You follow a steep valley looking right down on the river below – scary! But if you’ve fully mastered the techniques needed for hills, it’s great fun.
Stony Trail’s a good choice once you’ve got a general idea of the basics. There are one or two tricky sections, but nothing too challenging. There’s a shelter half-way where you can sit and take a break and enjoy the afternoon sunshine.
And finally, Loser’s Trail. This starts off following a gentle river valley but the last part is quite exposed so the snow conditions can be challenging – if it’s snowing or windy, check with us before you set out to make sure the trail’s open that day. Right, so now if you’d like to follow me, we’ll get started …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Most visitors come here for the cross-country skiing" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp theo nghe thấy có những marked trails nhưng bạn có thể leave and go of your own

>> bạn có thể rời những trails được đánh dấu

>> chọn đáp án A





Tiếp theo mình có nghe thấy "You can go at your own speed"

Xem full giải thích
12
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "you’ll be going on a dog-sled trip" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Câu tiếp theo có nhắc đến racing nhưng là "our dogs on TV recently racing"

>> chúng mới tham gia racing trên TV gần đây

>> loại đáp án A



Nghe tiếp thấy nếu bạn muốn bạn có thể have a team and learn how to drive

Xem full giải thích
13
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "we have the team relay event" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó nghe thấy " a lot of the teachers are taking part too"

>> họ chỉ tham gia chứ không trở thành leader

>>loại đáp án B



Tiếp nghe thấy " there’s a medal for everyone who takes part."

Xem full giải thích
14
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "wearing a pair of special snowshoes " biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe thấy đây từng là một mỏ vàng nhưng giờ có very few traces of their work left

>> còn rất ít dấu vêt của họ

>> loại đáp án A



Câu tiếp theo có nói đến flowers nhưng chỉ là khi tuyết tan thì núi được phủ đầy hoa

Xem full giải thích
15
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "spend the night in our hut" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp theo nghe được "It's got cooking facilities, firewood and water for drinking."

>> có dụng cụ nấu ăn, củi và nước uống

>> chọn đáp án A





Nghe tiếp có nhắc đến luggage tuy nhiên dịch vụ này sẽ tốn 10 dollars

Xem full giải thích
16
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "can be very stormy" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Tiếp nghe thấy "In that case, stay in the hut"

>> ở lại lều vì nó thường không kéo dài

>> chọn đáp án B





Tiếp nghe được bus tuy nhiên họ nói đừng lo việc phải quay lại centre để bắt xe bus

Xem full giải thích
17
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Highland Trail’s directly accessible" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp theo mình nghe thấy nó được designed cho first-timers: người mới trượt tuyết và regardless of their age or skill (bất kể độ tuổi và kỹ năng) và đoạn sau cũng nhắc phù hợp với experts

>> phù hợp với tất cả mọi người

>> chọn đáp án B



Xem full giải thích
18
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Then there’s Pine Trail" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe thấy "leave this one to the experts"

>> dành cho experts và sau đó còn có "if you've fully mastered the techniques"

>> thực sự thành thạo techniques mới nên đi

>> đáp án đúng là D: yêu cầu nhiều kỹ năng



Xem full giải thích
19
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Stony Trail's a good choice" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau khi nói về độ khó của nó speaker tiếp tục nói "a shelter half-way where you can sit and take a break"

>> có nơi để ngồi nghỉ

>> chọn đáp án A



Xem full giải thích
20
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Loser's Trail This starts off following a gentle river valley" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp theo mình nghe được " the snow conditions can be challenging" liên quan đến thời tiết và "check with us before you set out to make sure the trail's open that day

>>liên hệ với họ để xem trail có open hay không, do nó có thể sẽ bị đóng cửa nếu thời tiết tệ

>> đáp án đúng là E



Xem full giải thích

Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 26
Choose the correct letter A, B or C.
21
What was Jack’s attitude to nutritional food labels before this project?
A
He didn’t read everything on them.
B
He didn’t think they were important.
C
He thought they were too complicated.
22
Alice says that before doing this project.
A
she was unaware of what certain foods contained.
B
she was too lazy to read food labels.
C
she was only interested in the number of calories.
23
When discussing supermarket brands of pizza, Jack agrees with Alice that
A
the list of ingredients is shocking.
B
he will hesitate before buying pizza again.
C
the nutritional label is misleading.
24
Jack prefers the daily value system to other labelling systems because it is
A
more accessible.
B
more logical.
C
more comprehensive.
25
What surprised both students about one flavour of crisps?
A
The percentage of artificial additives given was incorrect.
B
The products did not contain any meat.
C
The labels did not list all the ingredients.
26
What do the students think about research into the impact of nutritional food labelling?
A
It did not produce clear results.
B
It focused on the wrong people.
C
It made unrealistic recommendations
Question 27 - 30
Choose TWO letters A-E.
Which TWO things surprised the students about the traffic-light system for nutritional labels?
A
its widespread use
B
the fact that it is voluntary for supermarkets
C
how little research was done before its introduction
D
its unpopularity with food manufacturers
E
the way that certain colours are used
Which TWO things are true about the participants in the study on the traffic-light system?
A
They had low literacy levels.
B
They were regular consumers of packaged food.
C
They were selected randomly.
D
They were from all socio-economic groups.
E
They were interviewed face-to-face.

❓ Tapescript section 3

Nutritional Information On Food Packaging
00:00
JACK:
I’ve still got loads to do for our report on nutritional food labels.
ALICE:
Me too. What did you learn from doing the project about your own shopping habits?
JACK:
Well, I’ve always had to check labels for traces of peanuts in everything I eat because of my allergy. But beyond that I’ve never really been concerned enough to check how healthy a product is.
ALICE:
This project has actually taught me to read the labels much more carefully. I tended to believe claims on packaging like ‘low in fat’. But I now realise that the ‘healthy’ yoghurt I’ve bought for years is full of sugar and that it’s actually quite high in calories.
JACK:
Ready meals are the worst … comparing the labels on supermarket pizzas was a real eye-opener. Did you have any idea how many calories they contain? I was amazed.
ALICE:
Yes, because unless you read the label really carefully, you wouldn’t know that the nutritional values given are for half a pizza.
JACK:
When most people eat the whole pizza. Not exactly transparent is it?
ALICE:
Not at all. But I expect it won’t stop you from buying pizza?
JACK:
Probably not, no! I thought comparing the different labelling systems used by food manufactures was interesting. I think the kind of labelling system used makes a big difference.
ALICE:
Which one did you prefer?
JACK:
I liked the traditional daily value system best – the one which tells you what proportion of your required daily intake of each ingredient the product contains. I’m not sure it’s the easiest for people to use but at least you get the full story. I like to know all the ingredients in a product – not just how much fat, salt and sugar they contain.
ALICE:
But it’s good supermarkets have been making an effort to provide reliable information for customers.
JACK:
Yes. There just needs to be more consistency between labelling systems used by different supermarkets, in terms of portion sizes, etc.
ALICE:
Mmm. The labels on the different brands of chicken flavour crisps were quite revealing too, weren’t they?
JACK:
Yeah. I don’t understand how they can get away with calling them chicken flavour when they only contain artificial additives.
ALICE:
I know. I’d at least have expected them to contain a small percentage of real chicken
JACK:
Absolutely.
ALICE:
I think having nutritional food labeling has been a good idea, don’t you? I think it will change people’s behaviour and stop mothers, in particular, buying the wrong things.
JACK:
But didn’t that study kind of prove the opposite? People didn’t necessarily stop buying unhealthy products.
ALICE:
They only said that might be the case. Those findings weren’t that conclusive and it was quite a small-scale study. I think more research has to be done.
JACK:
Yes, I think you’re probably right.
JACK:
What do you think of the traffic-light system?
ALICE:
I think supermarkets like the idea of having a colour-coded system – red, orange or green – for levels of fat, sugar and salt in a product.
JACK:
But it’s not been adopted universally. And not on all products. Why do you suppose that is?
ALICE:
Pressure from the food manufacturers. Hardly surprising that some of them are opposed to flagging up how unhealthy their products are.
JACK:
I’d have thought it would have been compulsory. It seems ridiculous it isn’t.
ALICE:
I know. And what I couldn’t get over is the fact that it was brought in without enough consultation – a lot of experts had deep reservations about it.
JACK:
That is a bit weird. I suppose there’s an argument for doing the research now when consumers are familiar with this system.
ALICE:
Yeah, maybe.
JACK:
The participants in the survey were quite positive about the traffic-light system.
ALICE:
Mmm. But I don’t think they targeted the right people. They should have focused on people with low literacy levels because these labels are designed to be accessible to them.
JACK:
Yeah. But it’s good to get feedback from all socio-economic groups. And there wasn’t much variation in their responses.
ALICE:
No. But if they hadn’t interviewed participants face-to-face, they could have used a much bigger sample size. I wonder why they chose that method?
JACK:
Dunno. How were they selected? Did they volunteer or were they approached?
ALICE:
I think they volunteered. The thing that wasn’t stated was how often they bought packaged food – all we know is how frequently they used the supermarket.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
A
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe Jack nói "I've still got loads to do for our report on nutritional food labels." biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe thấy Alice hỏi Jack học được gì từ project trong shopping habits và Jack trả lời luôn check label để xem có peanut không vì bị dị ứng

>> Tuy nhiên trong câu tiếp theo có But: thể hiện ý đối lập, "But beyond that I've never really been concerned enough to check how healthy a product is."

>> anh ấy không quan tâm nó healthy như thế nào

>> anh ấy không đọc kỹ label

Xem full giải thích
22
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "I tended to" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe được Alice từng tin những claims trên bao bì nhưng giờ nhận ra "healthy' yoghurt I've bought for years is full of sugar and that it’s actually quite high in calories."

>> sữa chua đáng lẽ healthy lại chứa đầy đường và calories

>> trước đây Alice không biết điều này

>> chọn đáp án A



Xem full giải thích
23
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "comparing the labels on supermarket pizzas was a real eye-opener" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó thấy Jack amazed bởi lượng calories trong pizza

>> không phải bởi ingredient

>> loại đáp án A



Tiếp theo ngeh thấy Alice nói "you wouldn't know that the nutritional values given are for half a pizza"

Xem full giải thích
24
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "I liked the traditional daily value system best" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe thấy "I'm not sure it's the easiest for people to use"

>> không chắc nó có thể được sử dụng 1 cách dễ dàng

>> loại đáp án A



Sau đó có but: ý kiến đối lập, " but at least you get the full story. I like to know all the ingredients in a product"

Xem full giải thích
25
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "The labels on the different brands of chicken flavour crisps" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe "I don't understand how they can get away with calling them chicken flavor when they only contain artificial additives."

>> Jack không hiểu tại sao lại gọi là vị gà khi chỉ chứa artificial additives.

>> chọn đáp án B





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26
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe “I think having nutritional food labeling has been a good idea” biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó nghe thấy nghiên cứu này chứng minh điều ngược lại, mọi người không dừng việc mua unhealthy product

>> Nghe tiếp thấy lý do là bởi “findings weren't that conclusive and it was quite a small-scale study

>> không mang tính kết luận và còn khá nhỏ

>> chọn đáp án A



Xem full giải thích
27
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe “What do you think of the traffic-light system?”

>> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó nghe thấy “supermarkets like the idea of having a colour-coded system”

>> các siêu thị thích hệ thống này



Tuy nhiên tiếp theo mình nghe thấy hệ thống này không được adopt rộng rãi vì các food manufacturers và Jack nói " it would have been compulsory. It seems ridiculous isn't it."

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28
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo mình thấy Alice nói "I couldn't get over" = surprised

>> đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp theo thấy "it was brought in without enough consultation"

>> chưa được tra cứu và tham khảo kỹ

>> chọn đáp án C



Xem full giải thích
29
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "The participants in the survey were quite positive about the traffic-light system" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp theo thấy Alice nói họ nên target vào những người có low literacy level bởi các label được thiết kế để accessible

>> loại đáp án A



Nhưng tiếp Jack nói "But it's good to get feedback from all socio-economic groups"

>> các participants đến từ all socio-economic groups

Xem full giải thích
30
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp theo thấy Alice nói nếu không phỏng vấn face-to-face họ đã có thể used bigger sample size, và wonder why did they choose that method

>> that method ở đây chính là face-to-face interview

>> chọn đáp án E





Tiếp theo mình có nghe về cách họ được chọn là volunteered hay approached nhưng Alice đã trả lời là họ volunteered

>> loại đáp án C

Xem full giải thích

Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
The history of coffee
Coffee in the Arab world
• There was small-scale trade in wild coffee from Ethiopia.
• 1522: Coffee was approved in the Ottoman court as a type of medicine.
• 1623: In Constantinople, the ruler ordered the 
31
 of every coffee house.
Coffee arrives in Europe (17th century)
• Coffee shops were compared to
32
.
• They played an important part in social and
33
changes.
Coffee and European colonisation
• European powers established coffee plantations in their colonies.
• Types of coffee were often named according to the
34
they came from.
• In Brazil and the Caribbean, most cultivation depended on
35
.
• In Java, coffee was used as a form of
36
.
• Coffee became almost as important as 
37
.
• The move towards the consumption of
38
 in Britain did not also take place in the USA.
Coffee in the 19th century
• Prices dropped because of improvements in
39
.
• Industrial workers found coffee helped them to work at 
40
.

❓ Tapescript section 4

The History Of Coffee
00:00
In my presentation, I’m going to talk about coffee, and its importance both in economic and social terms. We think it was first drunk in the Arab world, but there’s hardly any documentary evidence of it before the 1500s, although of course that doesn’t mean that people didn’t know about it before then.
However, there is evidence that coffee was originally gathered from bushes growing wild in Ethiopia, in the northeast of Africa. In the early sixteenth century, it was being bought by traders, and gradually its use as a drink spread throughout the Middle East. It’s also known that in 1522, in the Turkish city of Constantinople, which was the centre of the Ottoman Empire, the court physician approved its use as a medicine.
By the mid-1500s, coffee bushes were being cultivated in the Yemen and for the next hundred years this region produced most of the coffee drunk in Africa and the Arab world.
What’s particularly interesting about coffee is its effect on social life. It was rarely drunk at home, but instead people went to coffee houses to drink it. These people, usually men, would meet to drink coffee and chat about issues of the day.
But at the time, this chance to share ideas and opinions was seen as something that was potentially dangerous, and in 1623 the ruler of Constantinople demanded the destruction of all the coffee houses in the city, although after his death many new ones opened, and coffee consumption continued.
In the seventeenth century, coffee drinking spread to Europe, and here too coffee shops became places where ordinary people, nearly always men, could meet to exchange ideas. Because of this, some people said that these places performed a similar function to universities.
The opportunity they provided for people to meet together outside their own homes and to discuss the topics of the day had an enormous impact on social life, and many social movements and political developments had their origins in coffee house discussions.
In the late 1600s, the Yemeni monopoly on coffee production broke down and coffee production started to spread around the world, helped by European colonization. Europeans set up coffee plantations in Indonesia and the Caribbean and production of coffee in the colonies skyrocketed.
Different types of coffee were produced in different areas, and it’s interesting that the names given to these different types, like Mocha or Java coffee, were often taken from the port they were shipped to Europe from. But if you look at the labour system in the different colonies, there were some significant differences.
In Brazil and the various Caribbean colonies, coffee was grown in huge plantations and the workers there were almost all slaves. But this wasn’t the same in all colonies; for example in Java, which had been colonized by the Dutch, the peasants grew coffee and passed a proportion of this on to the Dutch, so it was used as a means of taxation.
But whatever system was used, under the European powers of the eighteenth century, coffee production was very closely linked to colonisation. Coffee was grown in ever-increasing quantities to satisfy the growing demand from Europe, and it became nearly as important as sugar production, which was grown under very similar conditions.
However, coffee prices were not yet low enough for people to drink it regularly at home, so most coffee consumption still took place in public coffee houses and it still remained something of a luxury item.
In Britain, however, a new drink was introduced from China, and started to become popular, gradually taking over from coffee, although at first it was so expensive that only the upper classes could afford it. This was tea, and by the late 1700s it was being widely drunk.
However, when the USA gained independence from Britain in 1766, they identified this drink with Britain, and coffee remained the preferred drink in the USA, as it still is today.
So, by the early nineteenth century, coffee was already being widely produced and consumed. But during this century, production boomed and coffee prices started to fall. This was partly because new types of transportation had been developed which were cheaper and more efficient.
So now, working people could afford to buy coffee – it wasn’t just a drink for the middle classes. And this was at a time when large parts of Europe were starting to work in industries. And sometimes this meant their work didn’t stop when it got dark; they might have to continue throughout the night.
So, the use of coffee as a stimulant became important – it wasn’t just a drink people drank in the morning, for breakfast. There were also changes in cultivation …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
destruction
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, là điều mà ruler đã yêu cầu, ra lệnh



Sau khi nghe thấy in 1623 biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp theo nghe "the ruler of Constantinople demanded the destruction of all the coffee houses in the city"

>> ruler yêu cần phá hủy tất cả coffee houses ở thành phố, mình có demanded= offered

>> đáp án cần điền là destruction



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32
universities/university
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, là thứ được so sánh với coffee shops



Sau khi nghe "In the seventeenth century" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Nghe tiếp đến sự lan truyền của coffee shops và sau đó là "Because of this, some people said that these places performed a similar function to universities"

>> nhiều người nói nơi này hoạt động giống universities, these places = coffee shops

>> đáp án cần điền là universities



Xem full giải thích
33
political
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là adj, là sự thay đổi song song với social changes



Sau khi nghe "had an enormous impact" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp theo nghe "and many social movements and political developments had their origins in coffee house discussions."

>> nhiều sự phát triển của social và political bắt nguồn từ coffee house discussions, developments = changes

>> đáp án cần điền là political



Xem full giải thích
34
port/ports
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, là nơi mà coffee đến từ nơi này sẽ được đặt tên theo nó



Sau khi nghe "and it’s interesting that the names given to these different types,"

>> biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe "were often taken from the port they were shipped to Europe from."

>> tên được đặt từ cảng mà chúng được vận chuyển để đến Châu Âu

Xem full giải thích
35
slaves/slavery
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, thứ mà cultivation phụ thuộc vào



Sau khi nghe "In Brazil and the various Caribbean colonies" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Nghe tiếp đến "coffee was grown in huge plantations and the workers there were almost all slaves"

>> coffee được trồng thành huge plantations và hầu hết người làm là slaves

>> việc trồng trọt coffee phụ thuộc vào slaves

Xem full giải thích
36
taxation
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, coffee có thể coi như là 1 loại này



Sau khi nghe" for example in Java" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp theo nghe thấy nông dân trồng coffee và chuyển một phần cho người Hà Lan,"so it was used as a means of taxation"

>> nó được coi là một loại thuế, mình có means= form

>> đáp án cần điền là taxation



Xem full giải thích
37
sugar
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, coffee trở nên gần quan trọng bằng thứ này



Sau khi nghe thấy coffee được trồng để đá ứng nhu cầu của Châu Âu, mình nghe được "it became nearly as important as sugar production"

>> nó gần như quan trọng bằng sản xuất đường

>> đáp án cần điền ở đây là sugar



Xem full giải thích
38
tea
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, xu hướng tiêu thụ thứ này ở Anh không xuất hiện ở Mỹ



Sau khi nghe "In Britain however a new drink was introduced" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau nghe được speaker nói rằng nó become popular và chỉ người upper-class mới có thể mua được và nó là trà

>> Nghe tiếp thấy USA identified this drink with Britain, and coffee remained the preferred drink in the USA

>> họ không ưa chuộng nó mà thích coffee hơn, this drink ở đây chính là tea

Xem full giải thích
39
transportation
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, sự phát triển của điều này khiến giả giảm



Sau khi nghe "by the early nineteenth century" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe được "coffee prices started to fall This was partly because new types of transportation had been developed"

>> giá coffee giảm bởi nhiều loại transportation mới đã được developed = improvements

>> từ cần điền là transportation



Xem full giải thích
40
night
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là noun, chỉ thời gian mà coffee giúp họ có thể làm việc trong thời gian này



Sau khi nghe "large parts of Europe were starting to work in industries " biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Tiếp tục nghe được công việc của họ không dừng khi trời tối mà phải tiếp tục throughout the night

>> công dụng của coffee trở nên quan trọng hơn không chỉ cho buổi sáng

>> coffee giúp họ làm việc at night

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