Cambridge IELTS 10 - Listening Test 3 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Online Test Cambridge IELTS 10 - Listening Test 3 được lấy từ cuốn sách Cambridge IELTS 10 với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking, kèm answer key và list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc.
Cambridge IELTS 10 - Listening Test 3 With Practice Test, Answers And Explanation

Section 1

👂️ Bài nghe section 1

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the form below.
Write ONE WORD OR A NUMBER.
Early Learning Children Centre Enrolment Form
Parent or guardian: Carol Smith
Personal details:
Child’s name: Kate
Age: 
1

Address: 
2
  Road, Woodside 4032
Phone: 33459865
Childcare information
Days enrolled for: Monday and
3

Start time: 
4
am
Childcare group: the
5
group
Which meals are required each day? 
6

Medical conditions: need 
7

Emergency contact: Jenny 
8

Relationship to child: 
9

Fees
Will pay each
10


❓ Tapescript section 1

Early Learning Childcare Centre Enrolment Form
00:00
DIRECTOR:
Good morning. Welcome to the Early Learning Childcare Centre. How may I help you?
CAROL:
Hi. I spoke to you last week about enrolling my daughter to next year.
DIRECTOR:
Oh, yes. I’ll just get some details from you. So, you’re her mother?
CAROL:
That’s right.
DIRECTOR:
And, can I have your name?
CAROL:
It’s Carol, Carol Smith.
DIRECTOR:
And your daughter’s name?
CAROL:
It’s Kate.
DIRECTOR:
Now, we have several groups at the centre and we cater for children from three to five years old. How old is your daughter?
CAROL:
She’s three now but she turns four next month.
DIRECTOR:
I’ll put four down because that’s how old she’ll be when she starts.
CAROL:
Fine, she’s so excited about her birthday and coming to the centre.
DIRECTOR:
That’s good to hear. And what’s your address?
CAROL:
It’s 46 Wombat Road, that’s W-O-M-B-A-T. Woodside 4032.
DIRECTOR:
And what’s the phone number?
CAROL:
Oh … it’s … 3345 9865.
DIRECTOR:
So, have you decided on the days you’d like to bring your daughter here?
CAROL:
I’d prefer Monday and Wednesday if possible.
DIRECTOR:
Mmm. I’ll check, Monday’s fine, but I think the centre is already full for Wednesday. Erm. Yes. Sorry. It seems to be a very popular day. We can offer you a Thursday or a Friday as well.
CAROL:
Oh dear. I suppose Thursday would be all right because she has swimming on Friday.
DIRECTOR:
OK, got that. Because a lot of parents work, we do offer flexible start and finish times. We are open from 7:30 in the morning until 6 o’clock at night. What time would you like your daughter to start?
CAROL:
I need to get to work in the city by 9:00 so I’ll drop her off at 8:30. You’re pretty close to the city here so that should give me plenty of time to get there.
DIRECTOR:
That’s fine. Now, we also need to decide which group she’ll be in. we have two different groups and they’re divided up according to age. There’s the green group. Which is for three- to four-year-olds. And then there’s the red group which is for four- to five-year-olds.
CAROL:
She’s quite mature for her age and she can already write her name and read a little.
DIRECTOR:
Well, I’ll put her in the red group and we can always change her to the green one if there are any problems.
CAROL:
That sounds fine.
DIRECTOR:
OK. Let’s move on to meals. We can provide breakfast, lunch and dinner. As she’s finishing pretty early, she won’t need dinner, will you give her breakfast before she comes?
CAROL:
Yes, she’ll only need lunch.
DIRECTOR:
Now, does she have any medical conditions we need to know about? Does she have asthma or any hearing problems for example?
CAROL:
No. But she does need to wear glasses.
DIRECTOR:
Oh, I’ll make a note of that.
CAROL:
Yes, she’s pretty good about wearing them, she can’t see much without them.
DIRECTOR:
Right. OK. Now, I also need emergency contact details.
CAROL:
So what sort of information do you need?
DIRECTOR:
Just the name and number of a friend or family member we can contact in case we can’t get hold of you at any time.
CAROL:
OK. That’d better be my sister … Jenny Ball. That’s B-A-double L. Her phone number is 3346 7523.
DIRECTOR:
Great. So she is the child’s aunt?
CAROL:
Yes, that’s right.
DIRECTOR:
I’ll make a note of that as well. Now, is there anything you’d like to ask?
CAROL:
What about payment? How much are the fees each term?
DIRECTOR:
Well, for two days and the hours you’ve chosen, that will be $450 altogether.
CAROL:
OK, and do I have to pay that now?
DIRECTOR:
No, we send out invoices once the children start at the centre. You can choose to pay at the end of each term or we do offer a slightly discounted rate if you pay every month.
CAROL:
Oh, I’ll do that then. I find it easier to budget that way and I’m not used to the term dates just yet.
DIRECTOR:
Good, it makes it a lot simpler for us as well. Well, that’s everything. Would you like me to show you around …?

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 1

1
4
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định cần điền number chỉ tuổi của trẻ.



Khi bạn nghe "How old is your daughter?" thì đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó bạn nghe "She’s three now but she turns four next month"

>> Bây giờ con bé ba tuổi nhưng con bé sẽ bước sang tuổi thứ 4 vào tháng tới, nên chúng ta chưa biết được nên điền 3 hay 4.

>> Người nói chốt lại rằng "I’ll put four down because that’s how old she’ll be when she starts."

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2
46 Wombat
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Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định cần điền number và noun chỉ số nhà và tên đường.



Khi bạn nghe "And what’s your address?" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó bạn nghe "It’s 46 Wombat Road, that’s W-O-M-B-A-T"

>> Từ cần điền là 46 Wombat



Xem full giải thích
3
Thursday
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun chỉ ngày.



Khi bạn nghe "have you decided on the days you’d like to bring your daughter here?" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó nghe "I’d prefer Monday and Wednesday if possible."

>> Từ cần điền có thể là "Wednesday".



Tuy nhiên, sau đó lại nghe "I’ll check, Monday’s fine, but I think the centre is already full for Wednesday. ...We can offer you a Thursday or a Friday as well."

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4
8:30
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là number chỉ giờ.



Khi bạn nghe "We are open from 7:30 in the morning until 6 o’clock at night." thì một số bạn sẽ điền "7:30"

>> Tuy nhiên đây là giờ mở cửa của trung tâm chứ không phải giờ học của bé.



Sau đó bạn nghe "What time would you like your daughter to start?" là biết sắp có đáp án.



Khách trả lời "I need to get to work in the city by 9:00 so I’ll drop her off at 8:30"

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5
red
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Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định loại từ cần điền là adj/noun bổ nghĩa cho danh từ "group"



Khi bạn nghe "Now, we also need to decide which group she’ll be in" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó họ giới thiệu về 2 groups được chia theo tuổi và vị khách cho rằng "She’s quite mature for her age and she can already write her name and read a little"

>> Con bé khá trưởng thành so với tuổi của mình và đã có thể viết tên của mình và đọc một chút

>> Trung tầm quyết định "I’ll put her in the red group and we can always change her to the green one if there are any problems."

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6
lunch
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Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun chỉ bữa ăn trong ngày



Trung tâm giới thiệu rằng họ có cung cấp các bữa ăn sáng chiều và tối sau đó hỏi "will you give her breakfast before she comes?" là bạn biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Khách hàng trả lời "Yes, she’ll only need lunch."

>> chỉ cần bữa trưa thôi

>> Từ cần điền là "lunch"



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7
glasses
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun chỉ cái mà bé cần.



Sau khi nghe "does she have any medical conditions we need to know about?" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó nghe "No. But she does need to wear glasses"

>> cần đeo mắt kính >> Từ cần điền là "glasses"



Xem full giải thích
8
Ball
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun chỉ họ của Jenny



Khi bạn nghe speaker nhắc về "emergency contact" là bạn biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó bạn nghe "Just the name and number of a friend or family member we can contact in case we can’t get hold of you at any time."

>> Cần tên và số của một người bạn hoặc thành viên gia đình

>> Khách hàng cung cấp thông tin " That’d better be my sister… Jenny Ball . That’s B-A-double L"

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9
aunt
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun chỉ người có mỗi quan hệ với bé tên Jenny



Khi bạn nghe "So she is the child’s aunt?" thì bạn có thể dự đoán Jenny là dì của bé

>> Sau đó khách hành xác nhận là chính xác "Yes, that’s right."

>> Từ cần điền là "aunt"



Xem full giải thích
10
month
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun chỉ thời gian (có thể là tuần/tháng/năm)



Khi bạn nghe "and do I have to pay that now?" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Người tư vấn nói rằng "You can choose to pay at the end of each term or we do offer a slightly discounted rate if you pay every month."

>> có thể chọn thanh toán vào cuối mỗi kỳ hạn hoặc nếu thanh toán từng tháng một thì sẽ có giá ưu đãi

>> Sau đó, vị khách trả lời "Oh. I’ll do that then. I find it easier to budget that way and I’m not used to the term dates just yet."

Xem full giải thích

Section 2

👂️ Bài nghe section 2

00:00
Question 11 - 12
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Which TWO things does Alice say about the Dolphin Conservation Trust?
A
Children make up most of the membership
B
It’s the country’s largest conservation organisation
C
It helps finance campaigns for changes in fishing practices
D
It employs several dolphin experts full-time
E
Volunteers help in various ways
Question 13 - 15
Choose the correct letter, A, B, or C.
13
Why is Alice so pleased the Trust has won the Charity Commission award?
A
It has brought in extra money.
B
It made the work of the trust better known.
C
It has attracted more members.
14
Alice says oil exploration causes problems to dolphins because of
A
noise.
B
oil leaks.
C
movement of ships.
15
Alice became interested in dolphins when
A
she saw one swimming near her home.
B
she heard a speaker at her school.
C
she read a book about them.
Question 16 - 20
Which dolphin does Alice make each of the following comments about?
List of Findings
A
Moondancer
B
Echo
C
Kiwi
D
Samson
16
It has not been seen this year
17
It is photographed more than the others
18
It is always very energetic
19
It is the newest one in the scheme
20
It has an unusual shape

❓ Tapescript section 2

Dolphin Reservation Trust
00:00
INTERVIEWER:
Today we’re pleased to have on the show Alice Bussell from the Dolphin Conservation Trust. Tell us about the Trust, Alice.
ALICE:
Well, obviously its purpose is to protect dolphins in seas all around the world. It tries to raise people’s awareness of the problems these marine creatures are suffering because of pollution and other threats. It started ten years ago and it’s one of the fastest growing animal charities in the country – although it’s still fairly small compared with the big players in animal protection.
ALICE:
We are particularly proud of the work we do in education – last year we visited a huge number of schools in different parts of the country, going round to talk to children and young people aged from five to eighteen. In fact, about thirty-five per cent of our members are children. The charity uses its money to support campaigns – for example, for changes in fishing policy and so forth
ALICE:
It hopes soon to be able to employ its first full-time biologist – with dolphin expertise – to monitor populations. Of course, many people give their services on a voluntary basis and we now have volunteers working in observation, office work and other things.
ALICE:
I should also tell you about the award we won from the Charity Commission last year – for our work in education. Although it’s not meant an enormous amount of money for us, it has made our activities even more widely publicised and understood. In the long term it may not bring in extra members but we’re hoping it’ll have this effect.
INTERVIEWER:
Is it possible to see dolphins in UK waters?
ALICE:
Yes. In several locations. And we have a big project in the east part of Scotland. This has long been a haven for dolphins because it has very little shipping. However, that may be about to change soon because oil companies want to increase exploration there. We’re campaigning against this because, although there’ll be little pollution from oil, exploration creates a lot of underwater noise. It means the dolphins can’t rest and socialise.
ALICE:
This is how I became interested in dolphin conservation in the first place. I had never seen one and I hadn’t been particularly interested in them at school. Then I came across this story about a family of dolphins who had to leave their home in the Moray Firth because of the oil companies and about a child who campaigned to save them. I couldn’t put the book down – I was hooked.
INTERVIEWER:
I’m sure our listeners will want to find out what they can do to help. You mentioned the ‘Adopt a Dolphin’ scheme. Can you tell us about that?
ALICE:
Of course! People can choose one of our dolphins to sponsor. They receive a picture of it and news updates. I’d like to tell you about four which are currently being adopted by our members: Moondancer, Echo, Kiwi and Samson.
ALICE:
Unfortunately, Echo is being rather elusive this year and hasn’t yet been sighted by our observers but we remain optimistic that he’ll be out there soon. All the others have been out in force – Samson and Moondancer are often photographed together but it is Kiwi who’s our real ‘character’ as she seems to love coming up close for the cameras and we’ve captured her on film hundreds of times
ALICE:
They all have their own personalities – Moondancer is very elegant and curves out and into the water very smoothly, whereas Samson has a lot of energy – he’s always leaping out of the water with great vigour. You’d probably expect him to be the youngest – he’s not quite – that’s Kiwi – but Samson’s the latest of our dolphins to be chosen for the scheme
ALICE:
Kiwi makes a lot of noise so we can often pick her out straightaway. Echo and Moondancer are noisy too, but Moondancer’s easy to find because she has a particularly large fin on her back, which makes her easy to identify. So, yes, they’re all very different …
INTERVIEWER:
Well, they sound a fascinating group …

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 2

11
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe "It started ten years ago and it’s one of the fastest growing animal charities in the country — although it’s still fairly small compared with the big players in animal protection."

>> vẫn còn khá nhỏ so với các tổ chức lớn trong lĩnh vực bảo vệ động vật.

>> Loại B



Sau đó bạn nghe " In fact, about thirty-five per cent of our members are children."

>> Trên thực tế, khoảng 35% thành viên của chúng tôi là trẻ em.

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12
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ngay sau đó, speakers nói rằng "It hopes soon to be able to employ its first full-time biologist — with dolphin expertise — to monitor populations.".

>> Như vậy họ chỉ mới "hope" thôi chứ chưa thực hiện được >> Loại D



Cuối cùng, speaker nói rằng "many people give their services on a voluntary basis and we now have volunteers working in observation, office work and other things."

>> hiện có các tình nguyện viên làm việc trong lĩnh vực quan sát, văn phòng và những việc khác.

>> Chọn E



Xem full giải thích
13
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Khi bạn nghe thấy" I should also tell you about the award we won from the Charity Commission last year" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó bạn nghe "Although it’s not meant an enormous amount of money for us, it has made our activities even more widely publicised and understood."

>> số tiền không lớn, nhưng nó đã khiến các hoạt động được công khai và hiểu rộng rãi hơn

>> Loại A và C, chọn B



Xem full giải thích
14
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đầu tiên bạn sẽ nghe "This has long been a haven for dolphins because it has very little shipping."

>> có rất ít tàu vận chuyển >> Loại C



Khi bạn nghe "oil" và "exploration" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó bạn nghe "We’re campaigning against this because, although there’ll be little pollution from oil, exploration creates a lot of underwater noise"

>> có ít ô nhiễm từ dầu mỏ nhưng hoạt động thăm dò tạo ra nhiều tiếng ồn dưới nước

Xem full giải thích
15
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Ban đầu bạn sẽ nghe thấy rằng "I had never seen one and I hadn’t been particularly interested in them at school. "

>> Alice chưa có hứng thú với cá heo khi ở trường >> Loại B



Sau đó bạn nghe "Then I came across this story about a family of dolphins who had to leave their home in the Moray Firth because of the oil companies and about a child who campaigned to save them. I couldn’t put the book down – I was hooked."

>> Sau đó, tôi bắt gặp câu chuyện này về một gia đình cá heo phải rời bỏ nhà của họ ở Moray Firth vì các công ty dầu mỏ và về một đứa trẻ đã vận động để cứu chúng. Tôi không thể đặt cuốn sách xuống - tôi bị cuốn vào đó.

>> Chọn C



Xem full giải thích
16
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "I’d like to tell you about four which are currently being adopted by our members: Moondancer, Echo, Kiwi and Samson." là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó nghe "Echo is being rather elusive this year and hasn’t yet been sighted by our observers"

>> be sighted = seen 

>> đáp án là câu B





Xem full giải thích
17
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Kiwi who’s our real ‘character’ as she seems to love coming up close for the cameras and we’ve captured her on film hundreds of times."

>> Kiwi được chụp lại hàng trăm lần

>> đáp án là câu C.





Có nhiều bạn sau khi nghe cụm "Samson and Moondancer are often photographed together" thì có thể chọn Ahoặc D

>> nhưng đề bài không đề cập tới việc 2 chú cá heo này được chụp ảnh nhiều nhất mà chỉ là chụp chung với nhau.

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18
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Samson has a lot of energy – he’s always leaping out of the water with great vigour"

>> đáp án là câu D





Các bạn không nên nghe thấy có nhắc tới "Moondancer" là chọn ngay câu A mà phải nghe hết xem đoạn hội thoại muốn đề cập tới gì.

Xem full giải thích
19
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Nhiều bạn nghe thấy "You’d probably expect him to be the youngest – he’s not quite – that’s Kiwi" thì chọn đáp án C

>> Kiwi là trẻ nhất, nhưng chưa phải là con mới nhất được chọn vào trong nhóm

>> Loại C



Đề bài đã sửa lại bằng câu "but Samson’s the latest of our dolphins to be chosen for the scheme"

>> Samson là mới nhất

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20
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "but Moondancer’s easy to find because she has a particularly large fin on her back"

>> Keyword "particularly large fin"(một cái vây đặc biệt lớn) là cách để bạn nhận ra câu trả lời về "unusual shape".

>> đáp án là A





Đoạn hội thoại nhắc tới cả 3 chú cá heo với mục đích đánh lừa người nghe, đòi hỏi bạn phải nghe kỹ.

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Section 3

👂️ Bài nghe section 3

00:00
Question 21 - 25
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
21
What helped Rob to prepare to play the character of a doctor?
A
the stories his grandfather told him
B
the times when he watched his grandfather working
C
the way he imagined his grandfather at work
22
In the play’s first scene, the boredom of village life was suggested by
A
repetition of words and phrases.
B
scenery painted in dull colours.
C
long pauses within conversations.
23
What has Rob learned about himself through working in a group?
A
He likes to have clear guidelines
B
He copes well with stress
C
He thinks he is a good leader
24
To support the production, research material was used which described
A
political developments
B
changing social attitudes
C
economic transformations
25
What problem did the students overcome in the final rehearsal?
A
one person forgetting their words
B
an equipment failure
C
the injury of one character
Question 26 - 30
What action is needed for the following stages in doing the ‘year abroad’ option?
Choose FIVE answers from the box given below.
Stages in doing the ‘year abroad’ option
List of Findings
A
be on time
B
get a letter of recommendation
C
plan for the final year
D
make sure the institution’s focus is relevant
E
show ability in Theatre Studies
F
make travel arrangements and bookings
G
ask for help
26
in the second year of the course
27
when first choosing where to go
28
when sending in your choice
29
when writing your personal statement
30
when doing the year abroad

❓ Tapescript section 3

Theatre Studies Course
00:00
MIA:
Hi, Rob. How’s the course going?
ROB:
Oh, hi, Mia. Yeah, great. I can’t believe the first term’s nearly over.
MIA:
I saw your group’s performance last night at the student theatre. It was good.
ROB:
Really? Yeah … but now we have to write a report on the whole thing, an in-depth analysis. I don’t know where to start. Like, I have to write about the role I played, the doctor, how I developed the character.
MIA:
Well, what was your starting point?
ROB:
Er … my grandfather was a doctor before he retired, and I just based it on him.
MIA:
OK, but how? Did you talk to him about it?
ROB:
He must have all sorts of stories, but he never says much about his work, even now. He has a sort of authority though.
MIA:
So how did you manage to capture that?
ROB:
I’d … I’d visualise what he must have been like in the past, when he was sitting in his consulting room listening to his patients.
MIA:
OK, so that’s what you explain in your report.
ROB:
Right.
MIA:
Then there’s the issue of atmosphere – so in the first scene we needed to know how boring life was in the doctor’s village in the 1950s, so when the curtain went up on the first scene in the waiting room, there was that long silence before anyone spoke. And then people kept saying the same thing over and over, like ‘Cold, isn’t it?’
ROB:
Yes, and everyone wore grey and brown, and just sat in a row.
MIA:
Yes, all those details of the production.
ROB:
And I have to analyse how I functioned in the group – what I found out about myself. I know I was so frustrated at times, when we couldn’t agree.
MIA:
Yes. So did one person emerge as the leader?
ROB:
Sophia did. That was OK – she helped us work out exactly what to do, for the production. And that made me feel better, I suppose.
MIA:
When you understood what needed doing?
ROB:
Yes. And Sophia did some research, too. That was useful in developing our approach.
MIA:
Like what?
ROB:
Well, she found these articles from the 1950s about how relationships between children and their parents, or between the public and people like bank managers or the police were shifting.
MIA:
Interesting. And did you have any practical problems to overcome?
ROB:
Well, in the final rehearsal everything was going fine until the last scene – what’s where the doctor’s first patient appears on stage on his own.
MIA:
The one in the wheelchair?
ROB:
Yes, and he had this really long speech, with the stage all dark except for one spotlight – and then that stuck somehow so it was shining on the wrong side of the stage … but anyway we got that fixed, thank goodness.
MIA:
Yes, it was fine on the night.
ROB:
But while you’re here, Mia. I wanted to ask you about the year abroad option. Would you recommend doing that?
MIA:
Yes, definitely. It’s a fantastic chance to study in another country for a year.
ROB:
I think I’d like to do it, but it looks very competitive – there’s only a limited number of places.
MIA:
Yes, so next year when you are in the second year of the course, you need to work really hard in all your theatre studies modules. Only students with good marks get places – you have to prove that you know your subject really well.
ROB:
Right. So how did you choose where to go?
MIA:
Well, I decided I wanted a programme that would fit in with what I wanted to do after I graduate, so I looked for a university with emphasis on acting rather than directing for example. It depends on you. Then about six months before you go, you have to email the scheme coordinator with your top three choices. I had a friend who missed the deadline and didn’t get her first choice, so you do need to get a move on at that stage. You’ll find that certain places are very popular with everyone.
ROB:
And don’t you have to write a personal statement at that stage?
MIA:
Yes.
ROB:
Right. I’ll get some of the final year students to give me some tips … maybe see if I can read what they wrote.
MIA:
I think that’s a very good idea. I don’t mind showing you what I did. And while you’re abroad don’t make the mistake I made. I got so involved I forgot all about making arrangements for when I came back here for the final year. Make sure you stay in touch so they know your choices for the optional modules. You don’t want to miss out doing your preferred specialisms.
ROB:
Right.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 3

21
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "I have to write about the role I played, the doctor, how I developed the character." là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vô

>> câu này nói về cách phát triển nhân vật từ ban đầu, có thể hiểu đây cũng là cách để chuẩn bị "prepare to play the character of a doctor".



Nhiều bạn sau khi nghe "He must have all sorts of stories" thì chọn câu A

>> nhưng Rob đã nói thêm là "he never says much about his work, even now"

>> loại A

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22
A
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Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "in the first scene we needed to know how boring life was in the doctor’s village in the 1950s" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Nhiều bạn sau khi nghe "there was that long silence before anyone spoke" thì có xu hướng chọn câu C

>> nhưng trong bối cảnh trong bài là silence trước khi mọi người nói, chứ không phải im lặng giữa các đoạn hội thoại

>> loại C



Sau đó nghe, "And then people kept saying the same thing over and over, like ‘Cold, isn’t it?’

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23
A
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Sau khi nghe "And I have to analyse how I functioned in the group" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Câu "I know I was so frustrated at times, when we couldn’t agree"

>> Rob cảm thấy khó chịu khi mọi người thông thể thống nhất ý kiến >> Loại câu B



Khi được hỏi về "leader", Rob đã trả lời rằng đó là Sophia

>> loại câu C

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24
B
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Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "And Sophia did some research, too. That was useful in developing our approach." là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó nghe "she found these articles from the 1950s about how relationships between children and their parents, or between the public and people like bank managers or the police were shifting."

>> shift = change

>> đáp án cần khoanh là câu B



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25
B
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Sau khi nghe "And did you have any practical problems to overcome?" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Nhiều bạn khi nghe "he had this really long speech" thì có thể chọn câu A

>> nhưng trong câu này, Rob đang nói về một phân cảnh trong vở kịch chứ không đề cập tới quên lời thoại.

>> loại A



Sau đó nghe "with the stage all dark except for one spotlight — and then that stuck somehow so it was shining on the wrong side of the stage"

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26
E
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Sau khi nghe "next year when you are in the second year of the course" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó nghe "you need to work really hard in all your theatre studies modules. Only students with good marks get places"

>> work very hard/good marks = show abilities 

>> đáp án cần điền là E



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27
D
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Sau khi nghe "So how did you choose where to go?" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó nghe "Well. I decided I wanted a programme that would fit in with what I wanted to do after I graduate"

>> fit in with what I wanted = relevant 

>> đáp án ở đây là câu D



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28
A
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Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "email the scheme coordinator with your top three choices" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.

>> Câu này paraphrase lại cụm "sending in your choices".



Sau đó nghe "I had a friend who missed the deadline and didn’t get her first choice, so you do need to get a move on at that stage."

>> nếu trễ hạn sẽ không được nhận vào nguyện vọng đầu tiên

>> đáp án là câu A



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29
G
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Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "And don’t you have to write a personal statement at that stage?" là biết đáp án sắp tới



Sau khi nghe "I’ll get some of the final year students to give me some tips"

>> tips = help 

>> đáp án là câu G





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30
C
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Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "And while you’re abroad don’t make the mistake I made." là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó nghe "I got so involved I forgot all about making arrangements for when I came back here for the final year. Make sure you stay in touch so they know your choices for the optional modules"

>> Rob quên mất việc phải lên kế hoạch cho năm cuối, make arrangements = plan

>> cảnh báo sinh viên không nên quên

>> đáp án là câu C



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Section 4

👂️ Bài nghe section 4

00:00
Question 31 - 40
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY.
‘Self-regulatory focus theory’ and leadership
Self-regulatory focus theory
People’s focus is to approach pleasure or avoid pain
Promotion goals focus on 
31

Prevention goals emphasise avoiding punishment

Factors that affect people’s focus
The Chronic Factor
• comes from one’s 
32

The 
33
Factor
• we are more likely to focus on promotion goals when with a
34

• we are more likely to focus on prevention goals with our boss

How people’s focus affects them
Promotion Focus: People think about an ideal version of themselves, their
35
and their gains.
Prevention Focus: People think about their ‘ought’ self and their obligations

Leaders
Leadership behaviour and
36
affects people’s focus
Transformational Leaders:
• pay special attention to the 
37
of their followers
• passionately communicate a clear 
38

• inspire promotion focus in followers
Transactional Leaders:
• create
39
to make expectations clear
• emphasise the results of a mistake
• inspire prevention focus in followers

Conclusion
Promotion Focus is good for jobs requiring 
40

Prevention Focus is good for work such as a surgeon Leaders’ actions affect which focus people use.

❓ Tapescript section 4

Self-Regulatory Focus Theory' And Leadership
00:00
Today, I want to talk about self-regulatory focus theory and how the actions of leaders can affect the way followers approach different situations. Self-regulatory focus theory is a theory developed by Tori Higgins. He says that a person’ focus at any given time is to either approach pleasure or avoid pain.
These are two basic motivations that each and every one of us has, and they cause us to have different kinds of goals. Promotion goals in different life situations emphasise achievement. Prevention goals are oriented towards the avoidance of punishment.
In a specific situation, our thoughts might focus more on promotion goals or more on prevention goals. The theory suggests that two factors affect which goals we are focusing on. First, there is a chronic factor. This factor is connected to a person’s personality and says that each person has a basic tendency to either focus more on promotion goals or focus more on prevention goals as part of his or her personality.
Second, there is a situational factor which means that the context we are in can make us more likely to focus on one set of goals or the other. For example, we are more likely to be thinking about pleasure and to have promotion goals when we are spending time with a friend. In contrast, if we are working on an important project for our boss, we are more likely to try to avoid making mistakes and therefore have more prevention goals in our mind.
Research has shown that the goals we are focusing on at a given time affect the way we think. For example, when focusing on promotion goals, people consider their ideal self, their aspirations and gains. They don’t think about what they can lose, so they think in a happier mode. They feel more inspired to change.
When people are focusing on prevention goals, they think about their “ought” self. What are they supposed to be? What are people expecting from them? They consider their obligations to others. As a result, they experience more anxiety and try to avoid situations where they could lose.
Now that I have talked about the two focuses and how they affect people, I want to look at the idea that the way leaders behave, or their style of leading, can affect the focus that followers adopt in a specific situation. In talking about leadership, we often mention transformational leaders and transactional leaders. Transformational leaders, when interacting with their followers, focus on their development
In their words and actions transformational leaders highlight change. Their speech is passionate and conveys a definitive vision. All of these things can encourage followers to think about what could be. In other words, they inspire a promotion focus in their followers.
In contrast, transactional leaders focus on developing clear structures that tell their followers exactly what is expected of them. While they do explain the rewards people will get for following orders, they emphasise more how a follower will be punished or that a follower won’t get rewarded if his or her behaviour doesn’t change.
In short, they emphasise the consequences of making a mistake. This emphasis will clearly lead followers to focus on avoiding punishment and problems. This is clearly a prevention focus.
In conclusion, it is important to understand that one focus is not necessarily better than the other one. For a designer who works in a field where a lot of innovation is needed, a promotion focus is probably better.
In contrast, a prevention focus which causes people to work more cautiously and produce higher quality work might be very appropriate for a job like a surgeon, for example. The main point of the research, though, is that the actions of leaders can greatly influence whether people approach a situation with more of a promotion focus or more of a prevention focus.

🔥 Đáp án & giải thích section 4

31
achievement/achievements
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun



Khi bạn nghe "He says that a person’s focus at any given time is to either approach pleasure or avoid pain" thì đây chính là ý đầu tiên trong phần "Self-regulatory focus theory" nên bạn biết đáp án câu này sẽ chuẩn bị vào.



Sau đó bạn nghe "Promotion goals in different life situations emphasise achievement "

>> Mục tiêu thăng tiến trong các tình huống cuộc sống khác nhau nhấn mạnh về thành tích

>> Từ cần điền là "achievement/achievements"



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32
personality
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Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun



Khi bạn nghe "The theory suggests that two factors affect which goals we are focusing on" là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó bạn nghe "First, there is a chronic factor. This factor is connected to a person’s personality"

>> Yếu tố này liên quan đến tính cách của một người

>> Từ cần điền là "personality"



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33
situational
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Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun/adj bổ nghĩa cho danh từ "factor"



Ngay sau khi hết phần trình bày về "chronic factor" là bạn sẽ nghe được ngay "Second, there is a situational factor"

>> Thứ hai là yếu tố tình huống >> Từ cần điền là "situational"



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34
friend
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Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun



Cũng ngay tiếp phần đang nói về factor, ngay khi bạn nghe đến "promotional goal" là biết sắp có đáp án.



Sau đó nghe " For example, we are more likely to be thinking about pleasure and to have promotion goals when we are spending time with a friend"

>> cần có mục tiêu thăng tiến khi chúng ta dành thời gian với một người bạn

>> Từ cần điền là "friend"



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35
aspirations/ambitions
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Giải thích chi tiết



Xác định từ cần điền là noun.



Khi bạn nghe đến "promotional goal" là biết chuẩn bị có đáp án.



Sau đó nghe "Research has shown that the goals we are focusing on at a given time affect the way we think. For example, when focusing on promotion goals, people consider their ideal self, their aspirations and gains"

>> mọi người xem xét bản thân lý tưởng, nguyện vọng và lợi ích của họ

>> Vì trên đề đã cho sẵn "ideal version" và "gain" rồi nên từ cần điền là "aspirations"



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36
style
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Giải thích chi tiết



Từ loại cần điền vào câu này là một danh từ, danh từ này đi song song với "Leadership behaviour".



Sau khi nghe "the way leaders behave, or their style of leading, can affect the focus that followers adopt in a specific situation."

>> cách cư xử của người lãnh đạo cũng như cách thức lãnh đạo sẽ ảnh hưởng tới những điểm chính mà người khác áp dụng trong một tình huống cụ thể

>> Sau khi nghe từ "the way leader behave""affect the focus ..." có thể nhận ra được danh từ kẹp giữa là "style of leading"

>> nhưng đề bài chỉ cho điền 1 từ nên "style" là từ cần điền.

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37
development
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Giải thích chi tiết



Từ loại cần điền vào câu này là một danh từ, liên quan tới keyword "their followers".



Sau khi nghe "In talking about leadership, we often mention transformational leaders and transactional leaders." là biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Sau đó nghe "Transformational leaders, when interacting with their followers, focus on their development."

>> Lãnh đạo mang tính chuyển đổi thường sẽ tập trung vào sự phát triển của những người theo chân họ, pay attention to = focus 

>> đáp án câu này là "development"

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38
vision
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Giải thích chi tiết



Từ loại cần điền vào câu này là một danh từ.



Sau khi nghe "Their speech is passionate and conveys a definitive vision."

>> bài diễn văn của họ có tính sôi nổi, đầy đam mê và truyền tải một tầm nhìn rõ ràng

>> they passionately communicate vision >> từ cần điền là "vision"



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39
structures
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Giải thích chi tiết



Từ loại cần điền vào câu này là một danh từ, liên quan tới cách để làm rõ những điều mà họ kỳ vọng "make expectations clear".



Sau khi nghe "transactional leaders focus on developing clear structures that tell their followers exactly what is expected of them"

>> Lãnh đạo kiểu giao dịch sẽ tập trung vào phát triển một cấu trúc sườn bài nhất định

>> đáp án là "structures"



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40
innovation/innovations
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Giải thích chi tiết



Từ loại cần điền là một danh từ liên quan tới những yêu cầu của "Promotion Focus".



Cụm từ "in conclusion" báo hiệu cho bạn biết đáp án chuẩn bị vô.



Sau khi nghe "For a designer who works in a field where a lot of innovation is needed, a promotion focus is probably better"

>> Promotion focus sẽ tốt hơn đối với một nhà thiết kế làm việc trong một môi trường, nơi cần rất nhiều sự đổi mới

>> từ cần điền là "innovation/innovations".



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