The Shinkansen Or Bullet Train IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với The Shinkansen Or Bullet Train được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 4 - Test 6 - Section 4 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
The Shinkansen Or Bullet Train IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 5
Complete the notes below
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER for each answer.
The Shinkansen or Bullet Train
Question 6 - 10
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer
  1. French TGV locomotives pull the T6V trains from both ends using a

    6
    

  2. Japanese ground is unsuitable for the TGV type of train because it is

    7
      and the tracks frequently curve horizontally and vertically.

  3. An extra advantage of the Japanese electric car system is that it can act as a

    8
    

  4. Even after the power supply is cut off in the electric car system, electricity is still produced by

    9
    

  5. Huge improvements in power, operability and safety administration have been made possible by advances in

    10
    

❓ Transcript

The Shinkansen Or Bullet Train
00:00
Tutor:
Good afternoon everyone. In today’s seminar we are going to continue listening to different students giving us a presentation on the subject of their term paper.
Tutor:
Now today is Hillary’s turn. So, what are you going to talk about today Hillary?
Hillary:
Well, some of you will know that I was brought up when I was young in Japan and I’m going to do my term paper on Japan’s bullet trains, which have revolutionized their rail industry.
Hillary:
Japan’s main island Honshu is covered by a network of high speed train lines that connect Tokyo with most of the island’s major cities and Fukuoka on the island of Kyushu.
Hillary:
Japan’s high-speed trains are called shinkansen but are known to us bullet trains.
Hillary:
The Japanese bullettrain system is credited with being the world’s first purpose-built high-speed railway, and the model and inspiration for all other similar type systems running today such as the French TGV.
Hillary:
The reputation it has earned for safety, speed and punctuality is unsurpassed . I’d like to give you some figures about that.
Hillary:
As regards safety, there has never been a death on the bullet train system since it’s inception in 1964, other than that caused by deliberate passenger misadventure.
Hillary:
As far as speed is concerned the bullet train holds the current world records for the fastest average speed between two station stops, which was 260 1.8 kph between Hiroshima and Kokura.
Hillary:
The train travelled 192 kilometers in 44 minutes. This record is from the 500 series “Nozomi” trains running at a maximum speed of 300 kilometers an hour between Shin-Osaka and Hakata.
Hillary:
I’ll talk more about them later. The punctuality puts European train services to shame. Most trains arrive at their destination, after several hours, to within the second!
Hillary:
In one year, the total time that all bullets trains were late by was 12 seconds! This statistic is hard to believe but it would be difficult to prove otherwise and that’s what the rail authorities in Japan have told us.
Hillary:
Now I’d like to tell you a bit about their history. The first bullet train was introduced in 1964 by Central & West Japan Railways for the Tokyo to Osaka route.
Hillary:
Most of these old trains have now been discontinued . There have been several bullet train models since then.
Hillary:
The most recent ones have been the 300, 500 and 700 series and it’s the 500 series one that can travel at 300 kph. The bullet trains operating in Japan today are of the three following categories: Nozomi, Hikari and Kodama.
Hillary:
The Nozomi trains stop only at the most important stations, and reach Osaka from Tokyo in only about two and a half hours and it’s the most modern of bullet trains that serve as Nozomi.
Hillary:
Hikari trains stop a little bit more frequently than Nozomi trains, and need roughly three hours to reach Osaka from Tokyo.
Hillary:
Kodama trains stop at all stations and they are the local trains among bullet trains. Older models of bullet trains serve as Kodama.
Hillary:
I’d like now to talk a little bit about the technology involved in bullet trains. The Shinkansen bullet trains consist of electrically powered cars.
Hillary:
That means basically all individual cars are equippedwith electric motor driving systems. This is in contrast to locomotive trains in which the locomotive pulls the passenger coaches .
Hillary:
The realization of the high-speed Shinkansen with the electric train system had a great significance
Hillary:
The French “Train a Grande Vitesse” or TGV runs on a centralised power system, in which the heavyweight, high-output locomotives at both ends pull the passenger coaches. It’s a system suitable to European railways , which run basically on straight tracks in wide plains with solid foundations.
Hillary:
However it is unsuitable in Japan where the ground is flimsy and the tracks full of curves and undulations and inter-city distances are short, making it necessary for the trains to accelerate and decelerate frequently.
Hillary:
One of the advantages of the electric car system is that the motor functions as a brake to reduce the speed of the train.
Hillary:
When the power feed to the electric car motors is stopped, the wheels continue revolving , keeping the motors rotating, resulting in electricity generation by magnetic induction.
Hillary:
As the force acts in the direction opposite to the axles motion , it functions as a brake to the train.
Hillary:
All the motors equipped on each coach can be utilized effectively to reduce the speed, making the electric train system advantageous on Japanese railways, which involve frequent deceleration and acceleration.
Hillary:
In addition, by virtue of the remarkable progress achieved recently in semiconductor technologies, the electric train system has undergone tremendous improvements in power, operability and safety administration, so the system is becoming increasingly advantageous.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
1964
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem tàu bắt đầu được đưa vào sử dụng khi nào



Mục đầu tiên là safety

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''As regards safety, ...''

Mình nghe được là ''As regards safety, there has never been a death on the bullet train system since it’s inception in 1964''

=> Không có người tử vong khi dùng tàu siêu tốc từ năm 1964 (inception = launch) => Đáp án là 1964



Xem full giải thích
2
fastest average speed
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mục tiếp theo là speed

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''As far as speed is concerned ...''

Theo người nói, ''As far as speed is concerned the bullet train holds the current world records for the fastest average speed between two station stops, which was 261.8 kph between Hiroshima and Kokura.''

=> Câu trong bài được paraphrase lại gần giống trên đề => Giữ kỉ lục tốc độ trung bình nhanh nhất giữa hai trạm là 261.8 => Đáp án: fastest average speed



Xem full giải thích
3
12 seconds
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem tổng thời gian trễ của tất cả các tàu trong một năm là bao nhiêu

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The punctuality puts European train services to shame.''

Nghe thấy ''In one year, the total time that all bullets trains were late by was 12 seconds''

=> Tổng thời gian trễ giờ chỉ là 12s => Đáp án: 12 seconds

(bạn lưu ý viết cả đơn vị đo)

Xem full giải thích
4
most important stations
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Nozomi trains dừng ở đâu

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''The bullet trains operating in Japan today are of the three following categories: Nozomi, Hikari and Kodama.''





Người nói đưa thông tin là ''The Nozomi trains stop only at the most important stations,''

=> Tàu thuộc nhóm Nozomi chỉ dừng ở các trạm quan trọng nhất => Đáp án: most important stations



Xem full giải thích
5
all stations
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem Kodama dừng ở đâu

=> Theo thứ tự, mình sẽ nghe về Kodama sau Hikari ''Hikari trains stop a little bit more frequently than Nozomi trains, ...''

Cuối cùng, về Kodama, ''Kodama trains stop at all stations and they are the local trains among bullet trains.''

=> Tàu thuộc nhóm Kodama dừng ở tất cả các trạm => Đáp án: all stations



Xem full giải thích
6
centralised power system.
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng chính trong câu là French TGV locomotives.





Mình nghe được là ''The French “Train a Grande Vitesse” or TGV runs on a centralised power system, in which the heavyweight high-output locomotives at both ends pull the passenger coaches

=> Đầu kéo sử dụng hệ thống năng lượng trung tâm, kéo xe lửa ở cả 2 đầu => Đáp án: centralised power system



Xem full giải thích
7
flimsy
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết tại sao hệ thống TGV lại không dùng được ở Nhật Bản.





Người nói bảo là ''However it is unsuitable in Japan where the ground is flimsy and the tracks full of curves and undulations and inter-city distances are short,''

=> Người nói đưa ra ba lý do: flimsy ground, curves and undulations short inter-city distances (curves and undulations ứng với curve horizontally and vertically) => Đáp án: flimsy





Xem full giải thích
8
brake
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết về một ưu điểm của hệ thống tàu điện.





Mình nghe được là ''One of the advantages of the electric car system is that the motor functions as a brake to reduce the speed of the train''

=> Nó đóng vai trò như một cái phanh để hãm tốc độ tàu => Đáp án: brake



Xem full giải thích
9
magnetic induction.
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem khi điện bị cắt thì điều gì sẽ xảy ra

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''When the power feed to the electric car motors is stopped,''





Sau đó, '' the wheels continue revolving, keeping the motors rotating, resulting in electricity generation by magnetic induction''

=> Kể cả khi bị cắt điện, bánh tàu vẫn quay, từ đó motor vẫn quay và tạo ra điện nhờ hiện tượng cảm ứng điện từ (magnetic induction) => Đáp án: magnetic induction



Xem full giải thích
10
semiconductor technologies.
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình nghe được là ''In addition, by virtue of the remarkable progress achieved recently in semiconductor technologies, the electric train system has undergone tremendous improvements in power, operability and safety administration, ...''

=> Nhờ sự phát triển in semiconductor technologies, tàu điện đã có sự cải tiến đáng kể về power, operability và safety administration (progress = advances)

=> Đáp án: semiconductor technologies



Xem full giải thích

Download PDF

Bạn có thể tải bản đẹp của đề và đáp án The Shinkansen Or Bullet Train tại đây