The History Of The Electric Guitar IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với The History Of The Electric Guitar được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS IELTS Trainer - Test 4 - Section 4 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
The History Of The Electric Guitar IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

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00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the table below. 
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
THE HISTORY OF THE ELECTRIC GUITAR

❓ Transcript

The History Of The Electric Guitar
00:00
During today’s lecture in this series about the history of popular music. I’m going to look at the different stages the electric guitar went through before we ended up with the instrument we know so well today.
The driving force behind the invention of the electric guitar was simply the search for a louder sound. In the late 1890s Orville Gibson, founder of the Gibson Mandolin-Guitar Manufacturing Company, designed a guitar with an arched or. curved lop, as is found on a violin. This made it both stronger and louder than earlier designs but it was still hard to hear amongst other louder instruments.
During the 1920s with the beginnings of big–band music, commercial radio and the rise of the recording industry, the need to increase the volume of the guitar became even more important. Around 1925 John Dopyera came up with a solution. He designed a guitar, known as The National Guitar, with a metal body which had metal resonating cones built into the top. It produced a brash tone which became popular with guitarists who played blues but was unsuitable for many other types of music.
Another way of Increasing the volume was thought of in the 1930s. The C. F. Martin Company became known for its ‘Dreadnought‘, a large flat-top acoustic guitar that used steel strings instead of the traditional gut ones. It was widely imitated by other makers.
These mechanical fixes helped, but only up to a point. So guitarists began to look at the possibilities offered by the new field of electronic amplification. What guitar players needed was a way to separate the guitar’s sound and boost it in isolation from the rest of a band or the surroundings.
Guitar makers and players began experimenting with electrical pickups which are the main means of amplification used today. The first successful one was invented in 1931 by George Beauchamp.
He introduced to the market a guitar known as The Frying Pan’ because the playing area consisted of a small round disk. The guitar was hollow and was made of aluminium and steel. He amplified the sound by using a pair of horseshoe–shaped magnets. It was the first commercially successful electric guitar.
So by the mid-1930s, an entirely new kind of sound was born. Yet along with its benefits, the new technology brought problems. The traditional hollow body of a guitar caused distortion and feedback when combined with electromagnetic pickups. Musicians and manufacturers realised that a new kind of guitar should be designed from scratch with amplification in mind.
In 1935 Adolph Rickenbacker produced a guitar which took his name – ‘The Rickenbacker Electro Spanish’. It was the first guitar produced in plastic, which, because of its weight, vibrated less readily than wood. It eliminated the problems of earlier versions which were plagued by acoustic feedback.
‘The Electro Spanish’ had its own problems, however, because it was very heavy, smaller than other guitars of the period, and was quite awkward to play. Developments continued and in 1941 Les Paul made a guitar which he called ‘The Log’, and true to its name, it was totally solid. All previous guitars had been hollow or partly hollow. It looked slightly strange but the next step had been made towards the modem electric guitar.
The first guitar successfully produced in large numbers was made in 1950 by Leo Fender. His Spanish-style electric guitar, known as a ‘Fender Broadcaster’, had a bolt-on neck, and was initially criticised by competitors as being very simple and lacking in craftsmanship. Yet it was immediately successful and was particularly suited to mass production, spurring other guitar companies to follow Fender’s lead.
In 1951 Leo Fender revolutionised the music world yet again when he produced an electric bass guitar. This was the first commercially successful bass model to be played like a guitar. It was easier for players to hit an exact note: that’s why it was called The Precision’.
Although there had already been electric standup basses, this was much more portable. It is now standard in the line-up of any rock band and some historians suggest that entire genres of music, such as reggae and funk, could not exist without it.
In 1952 the Gibson company became Fender’s first major competitor when Ted McCarty created The Gibson Les Paul’ guitar. It was distinctive because it was coloured gold. The reason for this was to disguise the fact that it was made from two different kinds of wood.
In 1954 Leo Fender responded to this successful instrument by introducing The Fender Stratocaster’. It is easily identified by its double-cutaway design and three pickups. This model may be the most influential electric guitar ever produced. The modern guitar as we know it was here to stay.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
violin
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là hình dáng của guitar của Orville Gibson (similar in shape to a ...)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "In the late 1890, Orville Gibson, .... "

Nghe thấy "....designed a guitar with an arched or curved lop, as is found on a violin"

=> Thiết kế một chiếc guitar có hình dáng giống violin => Đáp án là violin



Xem full giải thích
2
blues
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem National Guitar chơi loại nhạc gì hay (made of metal, good for play .... music)

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "He designed a guitar, known as The National Guitar"

Nghe thấy it produced a brash tone which became popular with guitarists who played blues

=> Âm thanh của đàn này thích hợp cho những người chơi nhạc blues => Đáp án là blues



Xem full giải thích
3
steel
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem dây đàn Dreadnought được làm từ gì (strings made of ... )

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ".... became known for its Dreadnought"

Nghe thấy "....a large flat-top acoustic guitar that used steel strings"

=> Đàn guitar dẹp có dây bằng thép => Đáp án là steel



Xem full giải thích
4
Frying Pan
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe tên của mẫu đàn của George Beauchamp

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe" The first successful one was invented in 1931 George Beauchamp "

Nghe thấy "He introduced to the market a guitar known as The Frying Pan"

=> Tên của mẫu đàn mới này là The Frying Pan => Đáp án là Frying Pan



Xem full giải thích
5
magnets
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem đàn dùng 2 cái gì có hình móng ngựa (used two ... shaped like horseshoes to increase sound)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "The guitar was hollow and was made of...." (đề cập tới cấu trúc đàn)





Nghe thấy "He amplified the sound by using a pair of horseshoe-shaped magnets"

=> Bằng cách sử dụng một cặp nam châm có hình dạng giống móng ngựa => Đáp án là magnets



Xem full giải thích
6
plastic
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là chất liêu của đàn Rickenbacker Electro Spanish (made from ... )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "....produced a guitar which took his name - 'The Rickenbacker Electro Spanish"

Nghe thấy it was the first guitar produced in plastic

=> Là đàn guitar đầu tiên được làm từ nhựa => Đáp án là plastic



Xem full giải thích
7
solid
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là đặc điểm của đàn The log (the first to be completely ...)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "...Les Paul made a guitar which he called The Log "

Nghe thấy"... it was totally solid. All previous guitars had been hollow or partly hollow"

=> Là cây đàn đầu tiên hoàn toàn đặc => Đáp án là solid



Xem full giải thích
8
mass production
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là nét đơn giản của cây Fender Broadcaster khiến nó lý tưởng cho việc gì (its simplicity made it ideal for ...)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "His Spanish-style electric guitar, known as a 'Fender Broadcaster'"

Nghe thấy "...it was immediately successful and was particularly suited to mass production "

=> Mẫu đàn này phù hợp để sản xuất số lượng lớn do nó đơn giản (suited = ideal for) => Đáp án là mass production



Xem full giải thích
9
Precision
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là tên đàn của Leo Fender

=> Biết đáp án tới khi nghe "In 1951, Leo Fender revolutionised the music world..."

Nghe thấy "It was easier for players to hit an exact note: that’s why it was called 'The Precision"

=> Tên của đàn là The Precision => Đáp án là Precision

Xem full giải thích
10
gold
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án mình cần là màu sắc của cây đàn The Gibson Les Paul

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "...when Ted McCarty created The Gibson Les Paul guitar"

Nghe thấy it was distinctive because it was colored gold

=> Điểm đặc trưng của cây đàn là nó có màu vàng => Đáp án là gold



Xem full giải thích

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