The Gherkin Building IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với The Gherkin Building được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 2 - Test 10 - Section 4 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
The Gherkin Building IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each question.
THE GHERKIN BUILDING
Commissioned by:
1
firm called Foster and Partners.
The features of its appearance:
- Its shape is like a
2

- It can reduce the carbon
3
of the city
- It lets
4
pass through the building, both reducing heating costs and brightening up the workspace
- One false story claimed that the exterior of the building is partly made of
5


Architectural concept:
- Links
6
with the workplace
- Relies less on
7
for temperature control than other similar buildings

The features of its interior:
- The atria that let fresh air pass through the interior are known as
8

- There is a place for entertainment called the
9
at the top of the building

The future of urban planning and architecture:
- It is likely that the entire
10
will be designed with more similarly eco-friendly buildings in future.
- A new building will be constructed aiming to produce zero waste and remove carbon dioxide from us as much as possible.

❓ Transcript

The Gherkin Building
00:00
Today I’d like to tell you about how U.K architects are playing their part to address the issue of global warming. You have seen many of these iconic buildings while going about your everyday life, but you may not know how they are affecting your tomorrow.
In 2003, construction was completed on the famous Swiss Re Building, or more informally called the Gherkin, a true masterpiece commissioned by the law offices of Foster and Partner. This is not the first ambitious endeavor of the film - they are renowned for their various philanthropic, environmental efforts.
The Gherkin, with its cutting edge green initiative and sharp design, is gaining recognition as an icon in modern architecture. You can pick it out of the London skyline by its unorthodox cigar shape.
While its appearance is the obvious attribute at which to marvel, there is far more to this building than meets the eye. And let’s face it - there’s a lot about this building that meets the eye. The building helps reduce the city’s carbon footprint in a number of ways.
Just a quick note - in case you’re not familiar with the term ‘carbon footprint’, get used to it! It’s a buzzword you’ll hear relentlessly to talk about reducing emissions. Think of it as the amount of harmful greenhouse gases that are given off into the environment by a single person, organisation, or product.
So going back to the Gherkin Building - perhaps the most obvious as well as the most significant eco-friendly feature is the glass windows, which allow light to pass through the building, both reducing heating costs and brightening up the workspace.
The ingenuity behind the various eco-friendly aspects of the Gherkin has seen its fair share of publicity both from serious and silly sources.
In a recent April Fool’s Day edition, one e-publication printed a story detailing plans to replace 50% of the current exterior with grass, which would not only make large steps in the name of sustainability, but also give the building the green hue that would truly earn it the nickname of the Gherkin.
The only drawback is as you may have guessed, that this story was an April Fool’s Day joke and completely made up.
In all seriousness though, the building is setting a new standard of design that other architects and city planners just cannot ignore. The building’s bold and cost-efficient design has won a number of architectural awards, including the Stirling Prize, the London Region Award, and the Emporis Skyscraper Award among others.
The design comfortably accommodates a large number of offices while keeping maintenance and operational costs down, striking a superb balance between nature and the workplace.
Nature is well and good, as long as the weather is nice outside. Given London’s notoriously bad weather, the architects knew they must devise a quality temperature regulation system, and that they did.
A special system designed to reduce the building’s reliance on air-conditioning was devised that cuts consumption in half compared to standard office buildings.
There are atria that link each floor vertically to one another, forming spiraling spaces up the entire building. They serve not just as social common spaces but also act as the building’s lungs, distributing clean air from the opening panels in the facade through the entire building.
The building isn’t all business though - it has its fair share of fun as well. At the very top, a clubroom offers a picturesque entertainment spot for company functions, private parties, etc., with a breathtaking panoramic view of the city.
The creation of such an innovative structure has many wondering what the future of urban planning and architecture may be. Well, if the other projects currently commissioned by Foster and Partners are any indication, the entire city constructed with similarly eco-friendly buildings is not far in the distance.
The Masdar City development aims to create a desert city that produces zero waste and removes as much carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as it puts in - a huge feat in protecting our earth.
The Gherkin is a truly impressive feat, yet it is not the only one worth noting. Now to move on to another green initiative, I’ll tell you about the Eden Foundation Building, found in Cornwall…

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
law
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Loại từ cần điền: noun hoặc adjective





Nghe tới tên tòa nhà the Gherkin

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "commissioned by the law offices of Foster and Partners"

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2
cigar
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về hình dáng của tòa nhà

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "...with its cutting edge green initiative and sharp design" (đề cập tới thiết kế tòa nhà)

Nghe thấy "you can pick it out of the London skyline by its unorthodox cigar shape"

=> Có thể nhận diện tòa nhà này qua hình dáng giống điếu xì gà => Đáp án: cigar



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3
footprint
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem tòa nhà có thể giảm carbon gì của city





Nghe tới "There is far more to this building than meets the eye"

=> Có nhiều thứ thú vị về tòa nhà này hơn là chỉ về vẻ bề ngoài => Chuyển hướng nói từ vẻ bề ngoài qua chức năng của tòa nhà => Biết đáp án sắp tới



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4
light
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem cái gì đi xuyên qua tòa nhà

Nghe thấy nói tới "glass windows, which allow light to pass through the building"

=> Cửa kính cho phép ánh sáng đi xuyên qua tòa nhà => Đáp án: light



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5
grass
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem theo false story, thì bên ngoài căn nhà được làm bằng chất liệu gì



Nghe tới April Fool's day

=> Ngày cá tháng tư, có liên quan tới a false story trong đề => Đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy "a story detaling plans to replace 50% of the current exterior with grass"

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6
nature
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về architectural concept của tòa nhà

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "the building's bold and cost-efficient design has won a number of architectural awards"

Nghe thấy "the design comfortably accommodates a large number of offices [...], striking a superb balance between nature and the workplace"

=> Thiết kế có sự cân bằng giữa thiên nhiên và nơi làm việc => Link thiên nhiên với nơi làm việc => Đáp án: nature



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7
air conditioning
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem tòa nhà phụ thuộc vào cái gì ít hơn về mặt temperature control

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "the architects knew they must devise a quality temperature regulation..." (= temperature control)

Nghe thấy "reduce the building's reliance on air conditioning"

=> Phụ thuộc ít hơn vào điều hòa (reduce reliance on = rely less on) => Đáp án: air conditioning



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8
lungs
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về phần atria của tòa nhà => Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "There are atria that link ...."

Nghe thấy "they serve not just as social common spaces but also act as the building’s lungs, distributing clean air [...] through the entire building"

=> Không chỉ là nơi giao lưu xã giao mà còn có vai trò như là phổi của tòa nhà, phân phát không khí sạch cho cả tòa nhà => Atria còn được coi như những lá phổi => Đáp án: lungs



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9
clubroom
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về nơi dành cho việc giải trí trong tòa nhà

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "it has its fair share of fun as well" (fun có nghĩa liên quan tới entertainment)

Nghe thấy "at the very top, a clubroom offers a picturesque entertainment spot"

=> Ngay tại đính của tòa nhà có clubroom, là địa điểm giải trí tuyệt đẹp => Đáp án: clubroom



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10
city
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "...what the future of urban planning and architecture may be"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "the entire city constructed with similarly eco-friendly buildings is not far in the distance"

=> Việc xây dựng các tòa nhà thân thiện với môi trường trong toàn thành phố có thể không còn xa (not far in the distance = in future) => Đáp án: city



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