Stoicism IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Stoicism được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Cambridge 16 - Test 1 - Section 4 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Stoicism IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Stoicism
Stoicism is still relevant today because of its
1
appeal.
Ancient Stoics
  • Stoicism was founded over 2,000 years ago in Greece.

  • The Stoics' ideas are surprisingly well known, despite not being intended for

    2
    .

Stoic principles
  • Happiness could be achieved by leading a virtuous life. 

  • Controlling emotions was essential.

  • Epictetus said that external events cannot be controlled but the

    3
    people make in response can be controlled.

  • A Stoic is someone who has a different view on experiences which others would consider as

    4
    .

The influence of Stoicism
  • George Washington organised a

    5
    about Cato to motivate his men. 

  • The French artist Delacroix was a Stoic. 

  • Adam Smith's ideas on

    6
    were influenced by Stoicism.

  • Some of today's political leaders are inspired by the Stoics. 

  • Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

  • the treatment for

    7
    is based on ideas from Stoicism

  • people learn to base their thinking on

    8
    .

  • In business, people benefit from Stoicism by identifying obstacles as

    9
    .

Relevance of Stoicism
  • It requires a lot of

    10
    but Stoicism can help people to lead a good life. 

  • It teaches people that having a strong character is more important than anything else.

❓ Transcript

Stoicism
00:00
Ancient philosophy is not just about talking or lecturing, or even reading long, dense books.
In fact, it is something people have used throughout history - to solve their problems and to achieve their greatest triumphs.
Specifically, I am referring to Stoicism, which, in my opinion, is the most practical of all philosophies and therefore the most appealing.
Stoicism was founded in Ancient Greece by Zeno of Citium in the early 3rd century BC, but was practised by the likes of Epictetus, Cato, Seneca and Marcus Aurelius.
Amazingly, we still have access to these ideas, despite the fact that the most famous Stoics never wrote anything down for publication.
Cato definitely didn't.
Marcus Aurelius never intended his Meditations to be anything but personal.
Seneca's letters were, well, letters and Epictetus' thoughts come to us by way of a note-taking student.
Stoic principles were based on the idea that its followers could have an unshakable happiness in this life and the key to achieving this was virtue.
The road to virtue, in turn, lay in understanding that destructive emotions, like anger and jealousy, are under our conscious control - they don't have to control us, because we can learn to control them.
In the words of Epictetus: "external events I cannot control, but the choices I make with regard to them, I do control".
The modern day philosopher and writer Nassim Nicholas Taleb defines a Stoic as someone who has a different perspective on experiences which most of us would see as wholly negative; a Stoic "transforms fear into caution, pain into transformation, mistakes into initiation and desire into undertaking".
Using this definition as a model, we can see that throughout the centuries Stoicism has been practised in more recent history by kings, presidents, artists, writers and entrepreneurs.
The founding fathers of the United States were inspired by the philosophy.
George Washington was introduced to Stoicism by his neighbours at age seventeen, and later, put on a play based on the life of Cato to inspire his men.
Thomas Jefferson kept a copy of Seneca beside his bed.
Writers and artists have also been inspired by the stoics.
Eugène Delacroix, the renowned French Romantic artist (known best for his painting Liberty Leading the People) was an ardent Stoic, referring to it as his "consoling religion".
The economist Adam Smith's theories on capitalism were significantly influenced by the Stoicism that he studied as a schoolboy, under a teacher who had translated Marcus Aurelius' works.
Today's political leaders are no different, with many finding their inspiration from the ancient texts.
Former US president Bill Clinton rereads Marcus Aurelius every single year, and many have compared former President Obama's calm leadership style to that of Cato.
Wen Jiabao, the former prime minister of China, claims that Meditations is one of two books he travels with and that he has read it more than one hundred times over the course of his life.
Stoicism had a profound influence on Albert Ellis, who invented Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, which is used to help people manage their problems by changing the way that they think and behave.
It's most commonly used to treat depression.
The idea is that we can take control of our lives by challenging the irrational beliefs that create our faulty thinking, symptoms and behaviours by using logic instead.
Stoicism has also become popular in the world of business.
Stoic principles can build the resilience and state of mind required to overcome setbacks because Stoics teach turning obstacles into opportunity.
A lesson every business entrepreneur needs to learn.
I would argue that studying Stoicism is as relevant today as it was 2,000 years ago, thanks to its brilliant insights into how to lead a good life.
At the very root of the thinking, there is a very simple way of living - control what you can and accept what you can't.
This is not as easy as it sounds and will require considerable practice - it can take a lifetime to master.
The Stoics also believed the most important foundation for a good and happy life is not money, fame, power or pleasure, but having a disciplined and principled character - something which seems to resonate with many people today.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
practical
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: adjective



Nghe tới Stoicism là biết đáp án sắp vào



Nghe thấy speaker nói là the most practical of all philosophies and therefore the most appealing

=> stoicism có sức hút do nó practical nhất

=> đáp án là practical



Xem full giải thích
2
publication
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe thấy we still have access to these ideas, despite the fact that the most famous Stoics never wrote anything down for publication

=> mặc dù các người theo chủ nghĩa stoicism không hề xuất bản tài liệu nào cả nhưng chúng ta ngày nay vẫn nắm rõ được triết lý này

=> sau câu này thì speaker nêu ra các ví dụ là các nhà triết học không hề viết sách hay xuất bản cái gì về chủ đề này

=> đáp án là publication



Xem full giải thích
3
choices
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun có thể collocate với make



Nghe tới emotions và learn to control them

=> đang nhắc tới ý thứ 2 ngay trên ý mình cần nghe

=> đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy speaker trích lời của Epictetus: "external events I cannot control, but the choices I make with regard to them, I do control"

Xem full giải thích
4
negative
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: adjective



Nghe tới defines a Stoic as someone...

=> đang định nghĩa Stoic

=> biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy defines a Stoic as someone who has a different perspective on experiences which most of us would see as wholly negative

Xem full giải thích
5
play
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới tên George Washington là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy put on a play based on the life of Cato to inspire his men

=> soạn vở kịch dựa trên Cato

=> đáp án là play



Xem full giải thích
6
capitalism
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới tên Adam Smith là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Adam Smith's theories on capitalism were significantly influenced by the Stoicism that he studied as a schoolboy

=> thuyết của Adam Smith về chủ nghĩa tư bản được dựa trên Stoicism

=> đáp án là capitalism



Xem full giải thích
7
depression
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun, nhiều khả năng là một loại bệnh lý do đi sau treatment



Nghe tới Cognitive Behaviour Therapy là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe tiếp thấy it's most commonly used to treat depression

=> dùng để trị trầm cảm

=> đáp án là depression



Xem full giải thích
8
logic
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe thấy we can take control of our lives by challenging the irrational beliefs that create our faulty thinking, symptoms and behaviours by using logic instead

=> chúng ta có thể thách thức các niềm tin vô lý mà tạo nên cách suy nghĩ sai lệch, và thay vào đó dùng logic

=> cần dùng logic làm cơ sở cho cách suy nghĩ mới

=> đáp án là logic

Xem full giải thích
9
opportunity
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới in the world of business là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy because Stoics teach turning obstacles into opportunity

=> Stoicism có thể biến chướng ngại vật thành cơ hội

=> đáp án là opportunity



Xem full giải thích
10
practice
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Loại từ cần điền: noun



Nghe tới how to lead a good life là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe tiếp thấy this is not as easy as it sounds and will require considerable practice

=> sẽ cần phải luyện tập nhiều, considerable = a lot of

=> đáp án là practice



Xem full giải thích

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