Research On University Waste IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Research On University Waste được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 6 - Test 6 - Section 3 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Research On University Waste IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 5
Choose the correct letter, A, B, or C.
1
Nicole received the best information from the
A
staff.
B
students.
C
cleaners.
2
The product used most wastefully was
A
copying paper.
B
plastic.
C
paper plates and cups.
3
The proportion of interviewed people who expressed concern over waste was
A
30%
B
45%
C
55%
4
The proportion who claim they take action over this problem was
A
10%.
B
one third
C
one half
5
Nicole thinks many people do nothing because they are
A
lazy.
B
uncaring.
C
uninformed.
Question 6 - 10
Complete the flowchart.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Procedure to Reduce Copying Waste
STEP 01

6
 that the staff do double-sided copying.
STEP 02
Unwanted copies are
7
into a special recycling tray.
STEP 03

8
these clearly, for easy reuse.
STEP 04
Stack them in a special copying tray each morning.
STEP 05

9
codes which allow each user to access this tray.
STEP 06
Give highest users a
10
 (e.g. cinema tickets).

❓ Transcript

Research On University Waste
00:00
Frank:
Hi, Nicole. As you know, we’ve got to decide on the best ways this university can reduce its waste. You inspected the eastern campus, and I did the western buildings. Did you do all the interviews as well?
Nicole:
Yes, I interviewed all the staff, who made some good observations, and I interviewed some of the students. The students said little that was interesting. They don’t seem to care that much. It was the cleaners, surprisingly, who revealed the most relevant facts.
Frank:
That’s not surprising to me. They empty all the bins, so they see the waste first- hand, whereas the staff just throw things away without thinking. What item was most commonly disposed of?
Nicole:
Well, it really depended on where I interviewed. In the cafeteria precinct, obviously paper plates and cups were thrown away all over the place. There was almost no attempt at recycling. However, across the university in general, it was paper copying that filled up most bins, far more than plastic, or other forms of waste.
Frank:
Do people care about this, then?
Nicole:
Well, some do, if you can believe them. I must have interviewed about 30% of customers in the cafeteria, and the results were mixed. Out of all the people I interviewed, well over half, maybe about 55% of them, were quite honest about it, telling me that they had little concern. The other fraction, 45%, were more troubled.
Frank:
Yes, but do they do anything about it?
Nicole:
Surprisingly, quite a significant percentage do do something, even if they aren’t particularly concerned. I mean, small things. About 10% bring their own cups to the cafeteria, for example, and at least one third said they use recycling bins, so, in total, it’s an equal split between those who do something, or those who don’t.
Frank:
So why do so many people remain inactive, particularly over an issue they should care about more?
Nicole:
I think they do care, and many of them are prepared to do something. Obviously, there’s an element of laziness, but I’d say that it’s relatively small. If they knew what to do, and if stringent systems existed, or if the importance of this was made clearer to them, I’m sure you’d see a much larger percentage of people actively working towards helping our environment.
Frank:
Well, there’s cause for optimism, at least.
Frank:
Clearly then, there’s a significant waste of paper here at this university, so I’ve worked out one practical suggestion which could help reduce it —specifically, the waste from the excess photocopying.
Nicole:
Let me hear it, then.
Frank:
Ah obviously, for a start, we’ve got to ensure that people, including the staff, without exception, copy both sides of a page. We can’t tolerate single-sided copying. It’s just far too wasteful.
Nicole:
Absolutely. Just more trees being chopped down.
Frank:
But as people are doing copying, there may be adjustments, and practice copying, producing singlesided copies or blank pages not wanted and not intended for use. These need to be deposited into a tray for intended recycling —you know, for recopying onto the blank side of the page.
Nicole:
But people don’t usually do that. I’m afraid it’s just human nature. No matter how unimportant the copying is, they prefer to use fresh paper.
Frank:
Yeah, I agree with you, which is why you need to display these papers right in front of everyone, with a clear sign, ‘Please Reuse’, to make it easy for them to do so.
Nicole:
They still won’t do it.
Frank:
I know. That’s why you take some of these papers, and regularly stack them inside the copier, in a special tray, once a day—say, in the morning.
Nicole:
Well, that’s getting better, making it easier for them to use the paper, but still, I’m afraid many won’t.
Frank:
That’s why you allow everyone to select this tray when copying. You distribute numbers or codes to every person, giving them special access to this recycling tray. Every time they use papers from this, it’s tallied up to their account.
Nicole:
I know I’m sounding a bit negative ... or even cynical here ... but why should they bother using that tray?
Frank:
Because the person who does the most copying from this recycling tray gets, say, a cinema pass, or lottery ticket, or some other sort of reward.
Nicole:
Ah, right! Now that’s a system which might just work. Let’s trial it in the office and see what happens.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem Nicole lấy thông tin tốt nhất từ ai



Nghe thấy Frank hỏi Nicole "Did you do all the interview?"

=> Phỏng vấn để lấy thông tin từ đối tượng phỏng vấn => Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy Nicole trả lời "I interviewed all the staff [...] and I interviewed some of the students"

Tuy nhiên "the students said little that was interesting" => Students gần như không có thông tin gì thú vị => Loại đáp án B



Xem full giải thích
2
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem sản phẩm bị sử dụng phung phí nhất là là gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "what item was most commonly disposed of" (thứ gì bị vứt đi nhiều nhất)

Nghe thấy "in the cafeteria precinct, obviously paper plates and cups"

=> Lãng phí nhất trong cafeteria là cốc và đĩa giấy => Đáp án có thể là C

Nghe tiếp thấy "however, across the university in general, it was paper copying that filled up most bins, far more than plastic"

Xem full giải thích
3
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem tỉ lệ người bày tỏ sự quan tâm tới rác thải là bao nhiêu

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Do people care about this, then?" (care = express concern)

Nghe thấy "I interviewed about 30% of customers in the cafeteria"

=> 30% là số khách hàng ở cafeteria đã được phỏng vấn => Loại đáp án A



Nghe tiếp thấy "about 55% of them, were quite honest about it, telling me that they had little concern"

Xem full giải thích
4
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về tỉ lệ người đã take action để giải quyết vấn đề



Nghe tới "do they do anything about it?" (do anything = take action)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "10% bring their own cups "

=> Tuy nhiên đây chỉ là một hành động cụ thể, đang cần nghe tỉ lệ người take action chung chung => Loại đáp án A



Xem full giải thích
5
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Nghe tới "why do so many people remain inactive?" (remain inactive = do nothing)

Nghe thấy Nicole trả lời là "they do care"

=> Họ có quan tâm chứ không phải không quan tâm => Loại đáp án B



Nghe tiếp thấy "there's an element of laziness, but I'd say that it's relatively small"

=> Một phần do sự lười biếng, nhưng không đáng kể => Không phải là lý do chính => Loại đáp án A



Xem full giải thích
6
ensure
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới '...specifically, the waste from the excess photocopying"

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe thấy "for a start, we've got to ensure that people, including the staff, [...] copy both sides of a page "

=> Đảm bảo mọi người bao gồm cả nhân viên phải copy cả hai mặt chứ không chỉ một (do double-sided photocopying) => Đáp án: ensure



Xem full giải thích
7
deposited
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về unwanted copies

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "...producing single-sided copies or blank pages not wanted"

Nghe thấy "these need to be deposited into a tray for intended recycling"

=> Các bản copy không cần thiết này cần được bỏ vào khay riêng để tái sử dụng => Đáp án: deposited



Xem full giải thích
8
display
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem để reuse dễ hơn thì phải làm gì

Nghe thấy "which is why you need to display these papers right in front of everyone, with a clear sign, 'Please Reuse' "

=> Cần để giấy nơi dễ thấy với thông điệp rõ ràng để khuyến khích mọi người tái sử dụng => Đáp án: display



Xem full giải thích
9
distribute
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới "stack them inside the copier, in a special tray" (ý tới trước trên đề bài)

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới

Nghe tiếp thấy "you distribute numbers or codes to every person, giving them special access to this recycling tray"

=> Phân phát mã số cho mỗi người để họ có thể sử dụng khay này => Đáp án: distribute



Xem full giải thích
10
reward
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem người sử dụng nhiều nhất sẽ được cho cái gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "the person who does the most (= bằng với highest users)

Nghe thấy "gets a cinema pass, a lottery ticket, or some other sort of reward "

=> Nhận được phần thưởng, ví dụ như vé xem phim => Đáp án: reward



Xem full giải thích

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