Mount Rushmore IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Mount Rushmore được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 3 - Test 3 - Section 2 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Mount Rushmore IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 5
Complete the sentences below.
Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Mount Rushmore
The government finally paid $
1
to complete the heads of four United States Presidents.
The purpose of the construction of the president’s heads is to develop
2
.
The carvings face
3
to experience maximum exposure to sunlight.
In 1885, the mountain was renamed after a
4
.
It took
5
years to finish the project.
Question 6 - 10
Drag your answers in the option list into the boxes
AT3_L3_P2_Mount Rushmore_NoOpt.png
A
B
C
D
E
information centre
6
refreshment centre
7
gift shop
8
Workshop
9
visitor centre
10

❓ Transcript

Mount Rushmore
00:00
Good morning, everybody and welcome to Mount Rushmore!
To start your visit I’m just going to give you a brief account of the history of the memorial before letting you roam about on your own.
I won’t keep you long. OK?
Mount Rushmore is South Dakota’s top tourist attraction and features the heads of four United States Presidents - George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
Each head is 18 metres tall, which is taller than the heights of eleven people combined!
The sculptor initially wanted to depict the presidents from head to waist, but due to a lack of funding the construction had to stop before this vision could be realised.
In total it cost the government $ 1 million to sculpt the heads at Mount Rushmore.
Before the construction of the presidents’ heads, the mountain was just bare rock and forest attracting only a few hikers a year.
The new carving at Mount Rushmore has become an iconic symbol of presidential greatness and has appeared in works of fiction and other popular works.
The sculpture has also worked perfectly as a way to develop tourism, which was its intended purpose, and now attracts over two million people a year.
The original plan was to carve the Presidents’ faces into the granite pillars known as ‘The Needles’, however the sculptor soon realised that these rocks were too eroded and delicate to support such a large sculpture.
Instead he chose to locate the carving at Mount Rushmore due to its grand appearance and brightly lit rock faces that experience maximum exposure to sunlight throughout the day as a result of t h e south-east orientation.
Upon seeing Mount Rushmore, the sculptor declared ‘America will march along that skyline.’
The name of Mount Rushmore also has an interesting history.
The location was originally known as the Six Grandfathers, however during an expedition in 1885 the mountain was renamed after Charles E. Rushmore, a prominent New York lawyer who joked that his annual treks to the mountain had earned him the right to have it named after him.
Forty years after the mountain was renamed, Charles E. Rushmore donated $5,000 towards the sculpting of the president’s heads -the largest single contribution.
In 1927 the construction work started and years later was complete with no fatalities.
So that’s the history for you. If you’d like any more information, please feel free to ask me questions, or you can soak up the information from our fantastic guide book.
Now I’m going to give you a plan of the site and I’d just like to point out where everything is so that you can explore everything for yourself.
We’re currently standing at the entrance, which is marked with the arrow on the map.
If you follow the trail up to our left, you will find the information centre.
There’s a great photo booth there where you can have your photograph taken with Mount Rushmore in the background for a fee of only $10 - what a great souvenir!
In front of us is the refreshment centre where you can help yourselves to coffee, locally grown tea and a delicious selection of cold drinks and biscuits.
Be sure to stay hydrated as it can get really hot up here! To our right not far up the trail is the gift shop.
Here we sell copies of the guide book and it’s also the perfect place to pick up some small souvenirs for yourself, your family and friends.
Now further up the trail behind the gift shop is a big stone building with a workshop.
This is where all of our souvenirs are made by hand, which you can purchase in the gift shop like I said before.
Some are even carved from pieces of rock taken from Mount Rushmore itself!
If you carry on walking up the trail past the workshop you’ll find our state of the art visitor centre where you can find maps of the walking trails here at Mount Rushmore.
Now for the real treat! After you have walked past the visitor centre, you can follow the trail up to the left, which will take you to our wooden shelter.
From here you will have the best view of Mount Rushmore that there is - an experience not be forgotten!
Right, if anyone wants a guided tour then I’m starting at the information centre.
If you’d like to follow me, this way please.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
1 million
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là số tiền chính phủ chi trả để hoàn thành heads of four United States Presidents.



Sau đó nghe được luôn "it cost the government $1 million"

=> Đáp án: 1 million



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2
tourism
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem mục đích của công trình là để phát triển cái gì



Nghe thấy "The sculpture has also worked perfectly as a way to develop tourism"

=> Công trình giúp phát triển tourism (sculpture = construction) => Đáp án: tourism



Xem full giải thích
3
southeast/south-east
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem carvings xoay hướng nào để nhận được nhiều sunlight nhất



Đầu tiên nghe thấy " faces into the granite pillars " nhưng đó chỉ là original plan (kế hoạch ban đầu)

=> Không phải đáp án đúng





Sau đó nghe thấy "experience maximum exposure to sunlight throughout the day as a result of the south-east orientation."

Xem full giải thích
4
lawyer
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem carvings được đặt tên theo cái gì



Sau khi nghe in 1885 biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào Tiếp theo nghe "the mountain was renamed after Charles E. Rushmore, a prominent New York lawyer

=> Được đặt tên theo Charles E. Rushmore, một luât sư New York => Đáp án: lawyer



Xem full giải thích
5
7/seven
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem công trình mất bao nhiêu năm để hoàn thiện





Nghe được speaker nói luôn "In 1927 the construction work started and seven years later was complete with no fatalities."

=> Công trình bắt đầu vào 1927 và hoàn thiện sau 7 năm => Đáp án: 7/seven



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6
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau khi nghe "Now I’m going to give you a plan of the site"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào





Sau đó nghe "If you follow the trail up to our left, you will find the information centre"

=> Đi đường bên trái sẽ đến information centre => Đáp án là A

Xem full giải thích
7
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe được speaker nói luôn "In front of us is the refreshment centre "

=> Trước mặt là refreshment centre => Đáp án cần điền là C





Xem full giải thích
8
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tiếp speaker nói "To our right not far up the trail is the gift shop"

=> Không xa bên tay phải là the gift shop => Đáp án đúng là E







Vì có not far up nên đáp án sẽ không phải D hay B

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9
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Tiếp tục nghe speaker chỉ dẫn "Now further up the trail behind the gift shop is a big stone building with a workshop."

=> Xa hơn đằng sau gift shop là workshop => Đáp án là D

Xem full giải thích
10
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Cuối cùng speaker nói "If you carry on walking up the trail past the workshop you’ll find our state of the art visitor centre "

=> Nếu tiếp tục đi qua workshop sẽ đến visitor centre => Đáp án là B



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