Light Installation IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Light Installation được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS IELTS Trainer - Test 5 - Section 3 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Light Installation IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 4
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Which TWO possible objections to a roof garden are discussed?
A
problems of access
B
the cost of construction
C
the time needed to install it
D
who will look after it
E
how to support the weight of it
Which TWO recent developments in roof-garden building are mentioned?
A
waterproof barrier materials
B
drainage systems
C
tank designs
D
lightweight construction materials
E
watering systems
Question 5 - 10
Write the correct letter A-H next to questions.
IT_L5_S3_Light installation_NoOpt.jpg
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
wall
5
electric wire
6
fibre optic cable
7
wooden post
8
glass cap
9
acrylic rod
10

❓ Transcript

Light Installation
00:00
Tutor:
So, let’s hear what you’re doing for your next project.
Student:
I’ve decided to design a roof garden for a supermarket. I’ve been looking at some on the web and I think that a garden on top of a building is the up-and-coming thing.
Tutor:
OK. So you’ve done a bit of reading already? What benefits would there be for the client? Why do you think a supermarket chain would be willing to meet the expense of construction? You do realize that would be the first thing they raise.
Student:
Yes, I know. But I’d explain that in spite of the initially high expense, they would save that much in approximately five years. Well, I’d have to do sums, I mean calculate specifically…
Tutor:
Yes, how would the saving come about?
Student:
Mainly through lower heating and aircon bills. The extra insulation offered by having a layer of living plants in the soil would make a huge difference.
Tutor:
OK. But they might feel the expense of maintenance would be an issue. After all, supermarkets don’t normally employ gardeners.
Student:
What I thought was, if they made it a community garden rather than a simple low-maintenance green roof….
Tutor:
So there’d be public access?
Student:
Oh yes! Then there’d be a sense of ownership in the local community and people could take responsibility for it, instead of the supermarket paying a commercial company, and It’d really boost their public relations.
Tutor:
That’s a good point. And have you been looking into how rook gardens are built nowadays?
Student:
I’m still exploring that, but if take advantage of the latest technologies for roof gardens, it shouldn’t be too difficult. But in any case, you have to use lightweight materials.
Tutor:
But that’s a matter of making the right choices. You can even use quite traditional ones such as wood for the planting areas.
Student:
Yes, that’s what I thought. It’ll look good and it isn’t too heavy.
Tutor:
But the basic construction, the issue you have to address first is the material used between the building and the garden.
Student:
You mean the barrier fabric, which ensures there’s no chance of rainwater leaking down into the building?
Tutor:
Yes, nowadays that is very good, and quite easily sourced.
Student:
Then on the other hand, there’s the business of water within the roof garden itself.
Tutor:
You mean drainage? That’s an important feature of the construction in any roof design.
Student:
Yes, but I think most drainage issues have been well understood for quite a long time.
Tutor:
OK, but another thing is with plants in an exposed situation, you usually need to find ways to optimize rainfall.
Student:
Yes, because rainwater is best for the garden, if you can store it for when it’s needed. What I’ve been looking at are some buildings which use fairly conventional storage tanks, the kind that have been in use for decades, but have them linked to modern automatic watering systems.
Tutor:
Sounds complicated.
Student:
It’s less so in practice than it sounds, I think. I’ve been researching them and actually the latest ones definitely work very well and they can be electronically regulated to suit the local microclimate.
Tutor:
Mmm, that sounds interesting. You seem to have been doing some thorough research! Make sure you reference all your sources when you write it up.
Student:
Yes, sure. Um, there’s one more aspect I’d just like to run past you, if there’s time? I want to include a light feature in the design.
Tutor:
Of course.
Student:
I’ve got a sketch here.
Tutor:
Let’s have a look then.
Student:
Well, I was really impressed by something I saw on a roof in Cornwall and I’d like to design something similar. Um, you have an area of planting, and I'm thinking of installing this lighting in an area filled with low-growing evergreen shrubs.
Tutor:
Mmm. You’d have to have lights and things well away from anywhere children might be. How would it work? On this drawing, this is a section view? You have this low wall on the right?
Student:
Yes, that’s it. This is just one element and these areas would be repeated all round the planted area. I think this will probably be a wooden wall, using reclaimed timbers, with an angled ceramic top surface.
Tutor:
Perhaps even ridge tiles like they use on roofs?
Student:
Oh, yes, that’d be just the sort of thing. And that’d make it waterproof. Um and then the heavy duty electric wiring comes up through the floor just outside the planted area and into the wall. Then it’s brought through a projector low in the side of the wall, and that sends a beam of light along the fibre optic cable.
Tutor:
So there’s no electricity in the actual lights. It's in the actual lights. The fibre optic goes across the surface of the soil in the planting area.
Student:
Yes, that’s the beauty of it. The shrubs will soon grow to cover it up, of course, and then the cable goes past a wooden post which is between the shrubs, and can be a support for them as they grow bigger, and then runs up into each element of the installation.
Tutor:
So the light beam is carried up to the top of each element and illuminates a kind of conical glass cap? I see! Is that the bit which would glow in the dark?
Student:
Yes.
Tutor:
And what’s the cap supported on? Is it a wall?
Student:
No, it’s a slender acrylic rod, er, like the stem of a flower or mushroom, which the cable runs up inside of.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
B
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem đâu là 2 lý do mà người ta có thể phản đối về roof garden

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "I’ve decided to design a roof garden for a supermarket."

Tutor hỏi: "Why do you think a supermarket chain would be willing to meet the expense of construction? You do realize that would be the first thing they raise"

=> Vấn đề được đặt ra là chi phí xây dựng => Đáp án là B



Xem full giải thích
2
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Sau đó người tutor nói tiếp "But they might feel the expense of maintenance would be an issue. After all, supermarkets don’t normally employ gardeners."

=> Chi phí bảo trì sẽ là một vấn đề vì supermarkets thường không thuê gardener =>Không có người chăm sóc => Đáp án đúng là D



Có nhắc đến public access nhưng đây chỉ để phục vụ cho mục đích look after the garden

=> Loại đáp án A



Xem full giải thích
3
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem việc xây dựng roof garden có sự cái tiến nào gần đây

Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "And have you been looking into how roof gardens are built nowadays?"

Đầu tiên học sinh nói "But in any case, you have to use lightweight materials."

=> Lightweight materials được sử dụng trong bất kỳ trường hợp nào và tutor nói thêm thậm chí có thể sử dụng traditional ones such as wood => không phải development => Loại đáp án D



Sau đó tutor nói đến the material used between the building and the garden

Xem full giải thích
4
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Về drainage, student nói "most drainage issues have been well understood for quite a long time."

=> Hệ thống thoát nước đã quá quen thuộc rồi (không có gì cần cải tiến) => Loại đáp án B



Student đề cập tới modern automatic watering system "actually the latest ones definitely work very well and they can be electronically regulated to suit the local microclimate"

=> Cái watering system mới nhất sẽ hoạt động tốt và được regulated để phù hợp với khí hậu ở địa phương => Đáp án là E



Xem full giải thích
5
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng đầu tiên là wall

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "On this drawing, this is a section view?" (đề cập tới bản vẽ)

Sau đó hỏi "You have this low wall on the right?"

=> Tường thấp phía bên phải

Tiếp theo nghe người học sinh nói thêm "I think this will probably be wooden wall, using reclaimed timbers, with an angled ceramic top surface" => Tường gỗ và có mái làm bằng sứ => Đáp án đúng là F


Xem full giải thích
6
H
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng của mình là electric wire

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe " Um and then the heavy duty electric wiring"

Tiếp tục nghe thấy "...electric wiring comes up through the floor just outside the planted area and into the wall.

=> Xuyên qua mặt đất ngoài planted area và cắm vào tường => Đáp án đúng là H



Xem full giải thích
7
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng tiếp theo là fibre optic cable

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "...that sends a beam of light along the fibre optic cable."

Tiếp tục nghe ". The fibre optic goes across the surface of the soil in the planting area."

=> Nằm trên mặt đất ở planting area => Đáp án đúng là C



Xem full giải thích
8
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng của mình là wooden post

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "....then the cable goes past a wooden post "

Nghe tiếp thấy "... a wooden post which is between the shrubs, can be a support for them as they grow bigger"

=> Ở giữa shrubs (các bụi cây) và có thể support nó khi nó lớn lên => Đáp án đúng là D



Xem full giải thích
9
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đối tượng tiếp theo là glass cap



Mình nghe được là "light beam is carried up to the top of each element and illuminates a kind of conical glass cap"

=> Light beam sẽ được dẫn đến top của element và chiếu sáng 1 cap thủy tinh hình nón => Đáp án đúng là B



Xem full giải thích
10
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng của mình là acrylic rod

Sau đó nghe được tutor hỏi "what’s the cap supported on?"

=> Cap này được chống bởi cái gì





Student đã trả lời " it’s a slender acrylic rod," sau đó giải thích thêm "like the stem of a flower or mushroom, which the cable runs up inside of."

Xem full giải thích

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