Kite-Making By The Maori People Of New Zealand IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

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Kite-Making By The Maori People Of New Zealand IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below. Write ONE WORD for each answer.
Kite-making by the Maori people of New Zealand
Making and appearance of the kites
  • The priests who made the kites had rules for size and scale.

  • 

    1
    was not allowed during a kite’s preparation.

Kites:
  • often represented a bird, a god, or a

    2
    .

  • had frames that were decorated with grasses and

    3
    .

  • had a line of noisy

    4
    attached to them.

  • could be triangular, rectangular or

    5
    shaped.

  • had patterns made from clay mixed with

    6
    oil.

  • sometimes had human-head masks with

    7
    and a tattoo.

Purpose and function of kites:
  • away of sending

    8
    to the gods.

  • a way of telling other villages that a

    9
    was necessary.

  • a means of

    10
    if enemies were coming.

❓ Transcript

Kite-Making By The Maori People Of New Zealand
00:00
Well, good morning everyone. As you know, we've been looking at different kinds of art and craft that were practised by the Maori people of New Zealand - at least before the Europeans began to arrive in the 18th century.
So, the focus of this lecture is kite making; how the kites were made their appearance and the purposes they served.
Well, let's start with the way they were made. As with other Maori artistic traditions, kite-making involved certain rituals. So, firstly, only priests were allowed to fly and handle the largest, most sacred kites.
There were rules, too, for the size and scale of the kites that the priests had to follow, and during the preparation of both small and large kites, food was strictly forbidden.
In terms of appearance, kites were frequently designed in the image of a native bird, or a Maori god, and sometimes, perhaps less often, a well-known hero.
You can imagine that when Maori first arrived in the new country, in New Zealand, it may have taken some time to find suitable materials for their kites - but through trial and error no doubt, they found plants and trees that provided bark and even roots that they could use to make the frames and wings of their kites.
And after the frame had been constructed, the kite then had to be decorated. For this the priests used long grasses, and these - when the kite was in the air - would stream along behind it. They also used a variety of feathers to add um, colour to their creations.
Well, all this meant it was easy to see a kite in the sky but you could also hear Maori kites. They could be quite noisy indeed and this was because some priests liked to hang a long row of shells from the kite. You can imagine how they'd rattle and clatter in the wind - how they might completely capture your attention
, As I said before, the most common image was probably a bird, and that's the same for other kite-making cultures, but the kites were designed in particular shapes - so there were kites that were triangular, rectangular and also shaped like a diamond.
And some of them were so large, it would actually require several men to operate them. Um, some of the kites were also covered in patterns, and to make these patterns, the Maori used different pigments of red and black, and these were either made from a charcoal base or from red-brown day which had been combined with oil obtained from a local species of shark.
Now, before I forget, if you have a chance, do visit the Auckland Museum because they have the last surviving 'birdman' kite on display. This is the kind of kite that has a wooden mask at the top of the frame - it's a mask of a human head - and you can clearly see it has a tattoo and also a set of teeth.
Quite impressive - and a good example of Maori craftsmanship and symbolism. Right, turning to the purpose and function of the kites, they certainly had multiple uses. Primarily the flying of kites was a way of communicating with the gods and when the kites rose into the air, the Maori used them to deliver messages - perhaps requesting a good harvest, good fortune in war, a successful hunting expedition.
So, these kites were incredibly valuable to a community - Treasured objects that one generation would pass to the next. People would also fly kites for other reasons, for example, to attract the attention of a neighbouring village.
This was done when a meeting was required between Maori elders -a convenient method, indeed.
And finally, when it comes to war, there are traditional stories that describe how when a Maori warrior found himself surrounded by his enemies, a kite could actually provide the possibility of escape - the kites were powerful enough to take a man up into the air, and for this reason, they could also be used to lower him into enemy fortifications so that an attack could begin from the inside.
Well, I'm happy to say there seems to be a revival and growing interest in kite-making, and...

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
Food
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần tìm là thứ bị cấm trong qua trình chuẩn bị (.... was not allowed during a kite’s preparation)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau khi nghe " There were rules, too, for the size and scale of the kites"



Mình nghe được là "...and during the preparation of both small and large kites, food was strictly forbidden."

=> Trong giai đoạn chuẩn bị thì thức ăn bị cấm => Đáp án đúng là food



Xem full giải thích
2
Hero
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem các con diều thường đại diện cái gì (often represented a bird, a god, or a ... )

=> Mình biết đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "In terms of appearance" (nhắc đến hình dáng)

Sau đó nghe tiếp " kites were frequently designed in the image of a native bird, or a Maori god, and sometimes, perhaps less often, a well-known hero. "

=> Thường thiết kế theo hình ảnh native bird, or a Maori god và đôi khi là well-known hero. => Đáp án đúng là hero



Xem full giải thích
3
Feathers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là thứ dùng để trang trí bên cạnh grasses (had frames that were decorated with grasses and .... )

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau "And after the frame had been constructed, the kite then had to be decorated" (đề cập tới trang trí)

Sau khi đề cập tới việc priests dùng long grasses để trang trí, người nói bảo "They also used a variety of feathers to add um, colour to their creations."

=> Họ cũng dùng feathers để thêm màu sắc => Đáp án đúng là feathers



Xem full giải thích
4
Shells
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là thứ gì ồn ào được gắn vào con diều (had a line of noisy .... attached to them)

=> Đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "They could be quite noisy indeed "

Tiếp tục nghe "this was because some priests liked to hang a long row of shells from the kite"

=> các priests thích gắn các vỏ sò vào còn diều => Đáp án đúng là shells



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5
Diamond
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe là hình dáng con diều (could be triangular, rectangular or ... shaped)

=> Biết đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "but the kites were designed in particular shapes " (đề cập tới hình dáng)

Tiếp theo nghe "so there were kites that were triangular, rectangular and also shaped like a diamond."

=> Ngoài triangular và rectangular, các con diều còn có hình thoi => Đáp án đúng là diamond



Xem full giải thích
6
Shark
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần nghe được là loại dầu được trộn với clay để tạo nên hoạt tiết (had patterns made from clay mixed with .... oil)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "some of the kites were also covered in patterns"

Tiếp theo nghe người Maori sử dụng màu đỏ và đen từ charcoal base hoặc "from red-brown clay which had been combined with oil obtained from a local species of shark"

=> Đất sét trộn với dầu lấy từ loại cá mập địa phương (dầu cá mập) => Đáp án đúng là shark



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7
Teeth
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là thứ có trên human-head mask (sometimes had human-head masks with .... and a tattoo)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe" This is the kind of kite that has a wooden mask" (nhắc đến mask)

Sau đó nghe "and you can clearly see it has a tattoo and also a set of teeth"

=> Mặt nạ hình đầu người có hình xăm và bộ răng trên nó => Đáp án đúng là teeth



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8
Messages
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem các con diều được dùng để gửi cái gì cho god (a way of sending ... to the gods)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "Right, turning to the purpose and function of the kites,"

Tiếp theo nghe "Primarily the flying of kites was a way of communicating with the gods"

=> Mục đích chính là liên lạc với god



Nghe tiếp "and when the kites rose into the air, the Maori used them to deliver messages"

Xem full giải thích
9
Meeting
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem diều có thể thông báo điều gì quan trọng tới các làng khác (a way of telling other villages that a .... was necessary)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe " People would also fly kites for other reasons" (nêu mục đích tiếp theo)

Sau đó nói tiếp "....for example, to attract the attention of a neighbouring village. This was done when a meeting was required between Maori elders..." => Họ dùng diều như một cách để thống báo tới các làng khác khi cần tổ chức một buổi meeting. => Đáp án đúng là meeting


Xem full giải thích
10
Escape
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem diều có công dụng gì nếu kẻ thù đến (a means of .... if the enemies were coming)

=> Đáp án sẽ tới khi nghe "And finally, when it comes to war"

Tiếp tục nghe " when a Maori warrior found himself surrounded by his enemies, a kite could actually provide the possibility of escape"

=> Khi chiến binh Maori bị bao vây, diều sẽ cho cơ hội trốn thoát (escape) => Đáp án đúng là escape



Xem full giải thích

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