Graphical Symbol IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Graphical Symbol được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 3 - Test 4 - Section 4 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Graphical Symbol IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 6
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
GRAPHICAL SYMBOL
‘Graphical symbol’
- includes the logographs in Egyptian hieroglyphic writing and ancient Chinese pictograms
- found in Africa, the Americas, and Oceania
- still has something to do with
1
    use today
Ancient graphic writing systems
- Researchers obtain a wide range of
2
    about past civilisations.
- Rosetta Stone was found in 1799 when members of Napoleon’s expedition got to Egypt.
- Frenchman Jean-François Champollion determined the phonetic values of the symbols in 1822.
- In those symbols,
3
    are used to depict various meanings.
Camera obscura
-
4
    helps people understand history better.
- Some charities will 
5
    many endangered species.
- A camera was tied to one
6
    of a bird.
Question 7 - 10
Complete the sentences below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
More
7
will be included in the future with the development of photography. 
Companies would like to invest a lot to advertise in
8
. Designing appealing
9
is used as a way of effective branding. 
Graphic writing systems are of great importance in the subject of
10
 

❓ Transcript

Graphical Symbol
00:00
Good morning everyone! Today I’m going to talk about the graphical symbol.
A graphic symbol is a written symbol that is used to represent speech, such as those used in the Greek alphabet.
The term ‘graphic symbol’ encompasses anything from the logographs used in Egyptian hieroglyphic writing, to ancient Chinese pictograms.
Early symbols were based on pictographs and ideograms before they were developed into logographic writing systems.
These systems are still in use in some non-literate cultures in Africa, the Americas, and Oceania.
Indeed, elements of pictography are still found in modern Chinese characters, and it is often an interesting exercise to trace the origins of some Chinese characters.
Pictographs remain in common commercial use today as signs, instructions, or statistical diagrams.
Road signs and public toilet signs, and even flat-pack assembly instructions utilising pictures are considered pictographic.
Ancient graphic writing systems provide researchers with a wealth of knowledge about past civilisations.
In 1799, one of the most important historical discoveries was made by accident when members of Napoleon’s expedition to Egypt found a stone in Rosetta that exhibited three different scripts.
The stone, now known as the Rosetta Stone, was studied in significant depth by scholars, and was first deciphered by Frenchman Jean-François Champollion in 1822.
He was able to correctly determine the phonetic values of the symbols, and later research has confirmed his findings.
In many of these symbols, lines are used to portray a multitude of meanings, and knowledge and understanding of these lines holds the key to comprehension of graphic writing systems.
A key moment in the history of communication was the invention of the camera obscura, or camera.
Although the concept can be traced back to the fifth century B.C. Chinese philosopher Mo Ti, the first photographic image was ultimately created in 1826 by Joseph Nicephore Niepce.
Photography, as it was later known, enables researchers to piece together and better understand history.
Today, photography forms a huge part of everyday life and most publications contain a vast number of photographs.
Photography is used in advertising, and is now becoming a way to increase awareness of existing world issues.
For example, animal welfare charities are increasingly using photography to advertise animals that are at high risk of endangerment.
Charity workers are sometimes flown to far-flung locations to document the suffering endured by high-risk animals in an attempt to raise human awareness of their consumption activities, and how they impact others.
One recent high profile campaign was undertaken by attaching a camera to the foot of a bird, in order to obtain photographs of the animals in their natural habitats, and understand how often they come into contact with human waste.
A soon-to-be-released documentary about the suffering of animals on Midway Island shows the full extent to which human consumption is harming animals thousands of miles away from us.
As photography continues to progress, with the use of drones now becoming somewhat commonplace, we should expect more and more objects to be included in the future, expanding the horizon of photography ever further.
Indeed, the downward pressure on traditional media prices means that media companies are being forced to get creative on how to make a profit.
Many have found that the answer to this lies in advertising, and companies are now willing to devote a large portion of their budgets to advertising in newspapers.
By the same token, marketing has become an essential part of a company’s business model, often meaning the success or failure of a company.
As a result, much time and money has been pumped into the development of effective branding, with attractive packaging playing a large role in this.
However, many governments are now seen to be cracking down on marketing and packaging in an attempt to protect consumers from being misled.
In particular, tobacco companies are now subject to ever increasing regulation.
For example, in the United Kingdom, legislation is soon to pass preventing any form of branding or differentiation on cigarette packaging in efforts to curb the harmful effects of smoking.
Finally, one must not forget the fundamental role that graphic writing systems have had to play in mathematics.
Graphs, icons, and diagrams often form the very basis of these branches of academia.
Indeed, one needs to look no further than chemistry’s periodic table to see a perfect example of graphic writing systems in use today.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
commercial
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe về công dụng của Graphical symbol ngày nay



Sau khi nói đến nó được phát hiện ở đâu, speaker nói luôn " Pictographs remain in common commercial use today as signs, instructions, or statistical diagrams"

=> Pictographs vẫn được sử dụng với mục đích thương mại => Đáp án: commercial



Xem full giải thích
2
knowledge
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem researchers thu thập được cái gì về past civilisations



Nghe thấy " Ancient graphic writing systems provide researchers with a wealth of knowledge about past civilisations"

=> Cung cấp researchers knowledge về past civilisation (a wealth of = a wide range of) => Đáp án: knowledge



Xem full giải thích
3
lines
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ được dùng để depict meaning





Sau khi nghe "In many of these symbols,"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Tiếp theo nghe "lines are used to portray a multitude of meanings"

Xem full giải thích
4
Photography
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là thứ giúp mọi người hiểu lich sử hơn



Sau khi giới thiệu về camera obscura, speaker nói luôn "Photography, as it was later known, enables researchers to piece together and better understand history."

=> Photography cho phép researcher xâu chuỗi và hiểu lịch sử hơn => Đáp án: Photography



Xem full giải thích
5
advertise
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là điều mà charities làm với endangered species

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "animal welfare charities ..."

Sau đó nghe tiếp " using photography to advertise animals that are at high risk of endangerment"

=> Sử dụng hình ảnh để advertise động vật có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng (endangered species.= animals that are at high risk of endangerment) => Đáp án: advertise



Xem full giải thích
6
foot
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem camera sẽ được buộc vào phần nào của con chim



Mình nghe được speaker nói "One recent high profile campaign was undertaken by attaching a camera to the foot of a bird"

=>Camera được gắn vào chân của con chim (attach= tie to) => Đáp án: foot



Xem full giải thích
7
objects
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ sẽ được included nhiều hơn trong tương lai





Sau khi nói drones đang trở nên phổ biến, speaker nói tiếp "we should expect more and more objects to be included in the future"

=> Nhiều objetcs sẽ được included trong tương lai => Đáp án: objects



Xem full giải thích
8
newspapers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem các công ty muốn đầu tư vào quảng cáo cái gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "this lies in advertising"





Tiếp tục nghe được "companies are now willing to devote a large portion of their budgets to advertising in newspapers. "

=> Nhiều công ty sẵn sàng đầu tư nhiều vào việc quảng cáo newpapers => Đáp án: newpapers



Xem full giải thích
9
packaging
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ được thiết kế hấp dẫn để branding hiệu quả





Nghe thấy "development of effective branding, with attractive packaging playing a large role in this.

=> Packaging được thiết kế hấp dẫn để việc branding được hiểu quả (attractive=appealing) => Đáp án: packaging



Xem full giải thích
10
mathematics/math/maths
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem graphic writing systems đóng vai trò quan trọng trong lĩnh vực gì





Mình nghe được speaker nói luôn"the fundamental role that graphic writing systems have had to play in mathematics. "

=> Đóng vai trò quan trọng trong mathematics => Đáp án: mathematics



Xem full giải thích

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