Fish Farming IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Fish Farming được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 4 - Test 3 - Section 4 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Fish Farming IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
Fish Farming
Local fish farmers are afraid that genetically modified fish will
1
into the sea.
  • like to breed fish with special features, like

    2
    

  • other solutions:

    • to build some cages to prevent the fish from

      3
      

    • to use

      4
      nets to support the frames of the cages

Problems facing the local fishermen:
  • lack of land on the

    5
    

  • lack of

    6
    fish

Initiatives taken by the government:
  • encourages fish farmers to

    7
    local fish farming business

  • helps fish farmers to sell seaweed and oyster:

    • Seaweed can be used to make

      8
      .

    • Oyster is a source of seafood which can supply local

      9
      industry.

  • saves local fishing business by encouraging aquaculture, recreation and

    10
    

❓ Transcript

Fish Farming
00:00
So what I'm going to talk about to you today is something called "aquaculture".
It has been responsible for the impressive growth in the supply of fish for human consumption.
There's also been a slight improvement in the state of certain fish stocks due to improved fishery management.
Aquatic food production has transitioned from being primarily based on the capturing of wild fish to the culture of increasing numbers of farmed species.
In recent years, a type of genetically modified salmon has been farmed in the New England region, produced by a Massachusetts based bio-tech firm.
This type of fish is engineered to grow twice as fast as its conventional farm-raised counterpart.
As a result, this increases the speed of the local aquaculture industry development, and thus reduces the fishing pressure on wild stock.
But local residents have expressed their concerns on the potential negative effects on the ecosystem.
Should those GM fish ever escape into the sea, stronger, healthier and faster growing.
These fish might cannibalize others or out-compete wild-type fish for food.
Local decision makers and regulators have thus pushed forward a number of measures making it impossible for most GM fish to mate.
A small percentage is able to breed only within confined pools.
Despite the economic boom of genetically engineered fish, culturing traditional types of fish is still mainstream among fish farmers.
Most of them prefer fish with special features, such as tuna.
It is a source of high quality protein with almost no fat.
It also contains all essential amino acids required by the body for growth and maintenance of lean muscle tissue.
With high nutritional value, this kind of fish will always be popular in the fish market.
For the fish farming industry, incidents of fish escaping the farms has been a troubling issue over the years.
Due to bad weather, nets that used to hold the fish were often destroyed.
Thousands of salmon worth nearly 220 thousand euros escaped from a fish farm in the Norwegian region in July, raising fear that they would breed with wild fish stocks.
Cages were thus built to withstand storms. The frames of the cages are made of PE which is dedicated to marine use.
This material has trustable strength, resilience and tenacity.
To further strengthen it, strong nets without knots are used to support the cylindrical frame.
A group of small villages on the island of Zanzibar off the coast of East Africa have been trying to develop a local aquaculture industry sustainably.
They use a land- based production system that is both economically and ecologically sound.
Land- based recirculation can control ocean temperature and optimize growth for the fish that are used to warmer water.
All organic waste from the fish is held on land with incoming water sterilized to avoid disease, which has historically plagued ocean based farms.
The lack of disease means that no drugs are administered to the fish.
However, one problem facing the villagers is lack of suitable land on the coast for this system.
Hotels & beaches open to tourists take up most of the coastal area.
Another problem facing local fishermen is the scarcity of young fish used to breed the species.
This predicament stems from overfishing during the previous decades.
The local commercial fishing industry has been reduced by 50% for this reason and the aquaculture industry has yet to thrive.
The government has taken a set of initiatives to safeguard native aquaculture and the fishing industry.
An open-air seafood market has been launched.
Residents are encouraged to support local fish farming businesses by purchasing marine products.
As it turns out, there is a public demand for access to locally produced, sustainable sources of fresh seafood.
Moreover, local fish farmers are aided to market seaweed and oysters, both of which have additional economic values.
Seaweed is used in various ways in cosmetics.
Seaweed extract is often found on the list of ingredients, constituting creams, soaps, shampoos, powders and sprays.
It is said to be useful in various ways, including the relief of rheumatic pain and the removal of cellulite.
Oyster is a source of seafood popular among the local hospitality industry.
Served with caviar and champagne, it is one of the world's ultimate luxury foods, appealing to gourmets with its succulent and delicate flavor.
It thus appears to have the greatest potential for commercial culture.
Even though the national and international market has shown demand for marine products in Zanzibar, it is still challenging to survive in the competitive modern fishing industry.
The government ought to restore the business by encouraging aquaculture, recreation and shipping.
First, it could utilize modern fish farming technology to supply more high-quality marine products.
Tourism is an effective stimulus to boost its sales and with better shipping capability, more products can be delivered abroad.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
escape
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần biết local fish farmers sợ điều gì





Đáp án sẽ tới sau ''But local residents have expressed their concerns on the potential negative effects on the ecosystem.''

(concern là lo lắng, quan ngại, gần nghĩa với afraid trong câu này)

Mình nghe được là ''Should those GM fish ever escape into the sea''

Xem full giải thích
2
tuna
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là một danh từ chỉ loài cá.





Theo người nói, ''Most of them prefer fish with special features, such as tuna''

=> Phần lớn người nuôi cá ưa cá với đặc điểm đặc biệt, ví dụ là tuna => Đáp án: tuna



Xem full giải thích
3
storms
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem xây cages để ngăn chặn điều gì



Để nói về solution, người nói sẽ phải bàn về problem trước

=> Đáp án sẽ tới sau ''For the fish farming industry, incidents of fish escaping the farms has been a troubling issue over the years.''





Sau khi bàn xong về problem, người nói đưa ra giải pháp là ''Cages were thus built to withstand storms.''

Xem full giải thích
4
strong
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là một tính từ bổ sung cho nets.





Mình nghe được là ''To further strengthen it, strong nets without knots are used to support the cylindrical frame.''

=> Để support frame, người ta dùng strong nets => Đáp án: strong



Xem full giải thích
5
coast
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Câu này nằm trong mục ''Problems facing the local fisherman''

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''However, one problem facing the villagers ...''

Mình cần nghe xem thiếu đất ở đâu





Theo người nói, ''one problem facing the villagers is lack of suitable land on the coast for this system.''

Xem full giải thích
6
young
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Câu này là vấn đề thứ hai

Nghe thấy ''Another problem facing local fishermen is the scarcity of young fish used to breed the species.''

=> Một vấn đề khác là thiếu cá con để nuôi giống (scarcity = lack) => Đáp án là young



Xem full giải thích
7
support
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Các câu cuối cùng nằm trong mục ''Initiatives taken by the government''

=> Phần này sẽ tới sau ''The government has taken a set of initiatives to ...''





Mình cần nghe xem government khuyến khích fish farmers làm gì

Đầu tiên, người nói nhắc là ''An open-air seafood market has been launched.''

Xem full giải thích
8
cosmetics
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem seaweed có thể được dùng để làm gì

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Moreover, local fish farmers are aided to market seaweed and oysters''

Theo người nói, ''Seaweed is used in various ways in cosmetics''

=> Seaweed được dùng trong ngành mỹ phẩm => Đáp án: cosmetics



Xem full giải thích
9
hospitality
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem oyster là nguồn cung cấp cho ngành nào

Người nói cung cấp thông tin là ''Oyster is a source of seafood popular among the local hospitality industry.''

=> Oyster là nguồn hải sản cho hospitality industry (ngành khách sạn - du lịch - nhà hàng) => Đáp án: hospitality



Xem full giải thích
10
shipping
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án là một danh từ (song song với từ aquaculture và recreation)





Mình nghe được là ''The government ought to restore the business by encouraging aquaculture, recreation and shipping.''

=> Cùng với aquaculture, recreation, chính phủ cũng cần khuyến khích shipping => Đáp án: shipping



Xem full giải thích

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