Environmental Change Discussion IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Environmental Change Discussion được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 1 - Test 2 - Section 3 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Environmental Change Discussion IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 5
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Environmental change Discussion
In Southeast Mexico, farmers did too much
1
so the environment has been destroyed.
According to Dick, vegetation problems caused
2
.
A back issue of a periodical reported interviews with
3
.
According to one of the articles in the periodical, land
4
show it is very tough for plant growth there.
In the past ten years, almost
5
kilometers of forest has disappeared.
Question 6 - 10
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer
6
“Growing Area” is about

kilometers.
7
Scientists have taken

of the soil in the Yucatan.
8
The university’s own Geology Department has also analysed the

at the site.
9
The

in Dr. Horst’s book are very useful and worth studying.
10
The student needs a

to do the presentation.

❓ Transcript

Environmental Change Discussion
00:00
DAVE:
Are you just leaving the library now? I saw you get there at 8:00 a.m.!
PETE:
Yeah, I’ve been there all day.
DAVE:
What for? They hired a cute new librarian or something?
PETE:
I wish. No, it’s the presentation that I will give in Environmental Science the day after tomorrow.
DAVE:
What’s it about? I heard you were really excited about the class. And Dr Schnee also calls you for the “arcane” questions, as he calls them.
PETE:
It’s about environmental damage in the Yucatan.
DAVE:
Excuse me, what? Or is that where?
PETE:
Yucatan. It’s a state in Southeast Mexico.
DAVE:
So what’s happening there?
PETE:
Agriculture is having a really adverse impact on the environment. There are too many farmers doing too much farming. It’s really destroying the forests and ruining the soil. Deforestation is a major problem there now.
DAVE:
How did you learn about this? I don’t recall Dr Schnee saying anything about it in lecture.
PETE:
Yes, but my brother went there last month, you know, to look at the old cities the Maya Indians built. That’s what first got me interested.
DAVE:
Your brother Tom?
PETE:
No, Dick, Harry’s twin. Anyway, he told me how few trees there were now and how much empty ground that grows almost nothing. He said the place looked more like the desert than jungle in some parts. It brought environmental damage. So I started looking for materials in the library. Here, look at this magazine.
DAVE:
What’s in it?
PETE:
It's an old issue of “National Geographic”. It includes interviews with tourists who’ve been there in the past few years. It’s pretty bad. See the photos?
DAVE:
I see the photos, but one or two photos don’t prove anything.
PETE:
Then read what the article says. Right there. The first thing it points out is how soil samples show it is hard for anything to grow there. It says how an area of 21,000 square kilometres has lost most of its forest in the past ten years. See, there are graphs. As the number of farmers increases, the acres of forest has decreased. It’s an inverse relation.
DAVE:
So how big is that state? I’m sorry, but I’ve never really learned the metric system.
PETE:
It’s bigger than the state of Massachusetts!
DAVE:
That’s shocking! Anything else?
PETE:
There’s lots of else. Scientists say there’s a “growing area” of about 10.5 square kilometres where nothing can grow at all. It’s like the beginning of a desert.
DAVE:
Oh yes. What Dr Schnee called “desertification”. But, why can’t anything grow there? I’ve never really studied soil chemistry.
PETE:
I’m just starting to look into that subject, but my sister Marie is a geologist and she says the problem is that the soil has too much saline, with no plants helping to adjust the chemistry. Apparently, that’s a common problem with soil types throughout areas with rainforest. Once you lose the plant cover, it’s difficult to bring it back. Reforestation is almost impossible, even if the land is not being used for other purposes.
DAVE:
Wait a minute. What is “saline”?
PETE:
Saline is salt dissolved in water. Scientists who’ve gone there have taken measurements. They do this by gathering a sample of the soil and running a simple test that shows the ionisation of the solution. The Geology Department in our own university has reviewed the soil at the site, too. They’re right. It looks pretty bad. The level of salinity is going up. But the plants that would solve that problem can’t be planted in soil like that. There is a narrow spectrum of salinity in which the plants will grow.
DAVE:
And once you pass the threshold, there is no way to put the problem right?
PETE:
Exactly. It’s possible that no one can do anything to stop the trend now. All because of human greed! I...
DAVE:
Wait a second. How do you know these “scientists” can be trusted? What kind of reputation do they have? Are they reliable?
PETE:
Oh they're definitely reliable. They include four members of the faculty from the Geology Department right here at MIT. Here, study these photographs and check the damage yourself. That’s what Dr. Horst who wrote this book here did. He’s newly appointed, but Dr. Schnee says he’s brilliant.
DAVE:
So, where are you going now?
PETE:
I’m headed over to the Geography Department to borrow a map for my presentation. You know, this whole problem could have been avoided! The farmers there in the Yucatan…
DAVE:
Uh, Pete??
PETE:
What?
DAVE:
Go take a break! Leave some studying for the rest of us.

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
farming
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem nông dân làm gì mà khiến môi trường bị hủy hoại

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Agriculture is having a really adverse impact on the environ­ment." (Agriculture ám chỉ Farmers)

Sau đó nghe "too many farmers doing too much farming"

Tiếp đó nghe "It’s really destroying the forests and ruining the soil."

=> "farming" phá hủy môi trường => Đáp án: farming



Xem full giải thích
2
environmental damage
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem theo Dick, vegetation problem gây ra cái gì

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Dick, Harry's twin"





Sau đó nghe "how few trees there were now and how much empty ground that grows al­most nothing"

=> Dick nói bây giờ chỉ còn lại vài loại cây và có nhiều đất trống nhưng không trồng trọt được => Đây là "vegetation problem"

Xem full giải thích
3
tourists
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là đối tượng cuộc phỏng vấn định kì của 1 vấn đề cũ

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "It's and old issue..." (=back issue)

Sau đó nghe "It includes inter­views with tourists who’ve been there in the past few years."

=> Nó bao gồm các cuộc phỏng vấn với khách du lịch đã ở đó trong vài năm qua => Đáp án: tourists



Xem full giải thích
4
samples
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là danh từ



Khi bạn nghe nhắc đến "read what the article says" là biết đáp án sắp vào

Sau đó nghe "The first thing it points out is how soil samples show it is hard for anything to grow there."

=> Nó chỉ ra là cách các soil samples cho thấy khó có thứ gì có thể mọc ở đó (tough for plant growth) => Đáp án: samples



Xem full giải thích
5
21,000 square
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là diện tích rừng biến mất trong 10 năm qua

Mình nghe được là "an area of 21,000 square kilometres has lost most of its forest in the past ten years."

=> 21.000 kilômét vuông rừng đã mất trong mười năm qua => Đáp án: 21,000 square



Xem full giải thích
6
10.5 square
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là diện tích của “Growing Area”

Mình nghe được là " 'growing area' of about 10.5 square kilometres"

=> Đáp án: 10.5 square



Xem full giải thích
7
measurements
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem scientists đã làm gì với đất ở Yucatan

Mình nghe được là "Scientists who’ve gone there have taken measurements."

=> Scientists have taken measurements of the soil in the Yucatan => Đáp án: measurements



Xem full giải thích
8
soil
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là cái được phân tích bởi khoa địa chất của trường

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "The Geology Department in our own university"

Sau đó nghe "The Geology Department in our own university has reviewed the soil at the site, too"

=> Khoa Địa chất của trường cũng đã phân tích đất tại địa điểm này (review = analyse) => Đáp án: soil



Xem full giải thích
9
photographs
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem phần nào trong cuốn sách của Dr.Horst's hữu ích và đáng học tập.



Sau đó bạn nghe "Here, study these photographs and check the damage your­self. That’s what Dr Horst who wrote this book here did."

=> Photographs là phần hữu ích nhất trong sách của Dr Horst => Đáp án: photographs



Xem full giải thích
10
map
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Đáp án cần điền là cái mà sinh viên cần để thực hiện bài thuyết trình



Sau đó bạn nghe "I’m headed over to the Geography Department to borrow a map for my presentation."

=> Tôi đang đến Khoa Địa lý để mượn bản đồ cho bài thuyết trình của mình => Đáp án: map



Xem full giải thích

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