Climate And Architecture IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Climate And Architecture được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 3 - Test 5 - Section 4 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Climate And Architecture IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
CLIMATE AND ARCHITECTURE
  • Cases and examples are from practice conducted in

    1
    as well as rural areas. 

Acid rain 
  • The chemicals have devastating effects on the architecture. 

  • The government try to reduce the negative effects. 

  • Funds have been received from a

    2
     

  • 

    3
    experience lower levels of acid in damaging pollutants. 

  • In recent years, Alter Project focuses on the buildings made of

    4
     

Pollution 
  • One of the main sources of pollution is from the construction industry. 

  • 

    5
    is used to reduce pollution in Sky Tower. 

  • Construction is affected by the increased

    6
    in winter. 

  • Humidity affects the

    7
    buildings whose grain can be condensed by moisture from the air. 

Building & Technology 
  • Ground conditions can be a problem when the density of the

    8
    is wrong. 

  • Architects can now monitor the

    9
    of buildings. 

  • The government should make

    10
    for the architects.

❓ Transcript

Climate And Architecture
00:00
Welcome class to your very first lecture in this series on Architecture conducted by myself, Dr Torben Dahl.
Today we will be looking into the relationship between climate and architecture, where I will be giving you a critical overview of the main climate influences that shape the design of buildings.
Throughout this lecture series we will be looking at the latest research into climatic design carried out by experts in the field in addition to case studies and examples drawn from modernist practice both in cities and rural areas.
Now, acid rain is one of the climatic elements with the most devastating effects on our architecture.
The chemicals in acid rain can cause paint to peel, corrosion of steel structures such as bridges, and erosion of stone statues.
Since the 1970s, our government has been making great effort to reduce the release of these chemicals into the atmosphere with positive results.
Private organisations have also been raising awareness and funds and recently received a huge donation from the bank.
It is interesting to look at the studies that have been carried out into the effects of acid rain at varying altitudes.
Research has shown that there are lower levels of acid in the damaging pollutants at higher altitudes, meaning that skyscrapers are much less vulnerable to the negative effects as they are exposed to acid rain with far lower levels of damaging pollutants.
Recently, the Alter Project was founded to carry out further research into acid rain.
This project is directed towards studying the effects of acid rain on old, traditional buildings of stone construction that are vulnerable to damage caused by acid rain.
Masonry is particularly vulnerable as it is easily corroded and weakened by the acidic chemicals.
It is imperative that we protect these buildings, as they are valuable examples of our history and culture.
Pollution is one of the main sources of concern in the present day.
The construction industry contributes considerably as a source of pollution in its day-to-day processes of creating building materials such as concrete and glass, however, more new sustainable methods are being developed to counter this.
A recent case study for this is Sky Tower, whose windows have been made from recycled glass to prevent pollution from the glass-making process.
Water is the most problematic element to be considered in construction.
It is imperative that construction elements such as the insulation are fitted into the building in dry weather to prevent it from getting wet.
This makes winter an undesirable season for construction as the heavy rainfall can have adverse effects on the building.
Another climate type that has an enormous affect on buildings is humidity
Constructions made of steel and stone are largely unaffected by humidity, however, it can have a serious effect on wooden constructions if the timber has not been correctly treated.
Moisture from the air can condense in the grain of the wood, which then swells and shrinks in proportion to the magnitude of change in its moisture content.
This variation in size can have disastrous consequences.
In areas of the world that are prone to earthquakes, certain design and environmental conditions are preferable for protecting buildings in the event of a tremor.
Engineers have come up with numerous building procedures to help minimise shaking in buildings.
For example, tall buildings have height restrictions and counterweights and multi-storey buildings have reinforced floors and walls.
Ground conditions are a cause for worry in many constructions as often the soil is of the wrong density to protect the foundations.
Luckily technology has now been developed that can help to minimise damage by earthquakes.
Seismic sensors can give prior warning when an earthquake is about to happen so that preparations can be made to protect both the people and the buildings from harm.
The movement of building structures can now also be measured and monitored over time by architects.
It has been expressed by architects within the design community that it would be valuable to be given special courses for designing buildings within earthquake zones.
Guidelines are also expected to be produced by the government in the near future that will give architects a universal checklist to follow.
That wraps up the lecture for today. Please remember that attendance is mandatory...

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
cities
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là nơi mà các practice được thực hiện





Nghe thấy "...case studies and examples drawn from modernist practice both in cities and rurals areas"

=> Các practice được thực hiện ở citiesrural areas => Rural areas được cho sẵn => Đáp án: citites



Xem full giải thích
2
bank
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem funds được nhận từ đâu



Nghe thấy "Private organisations have also been raising awareness and funds and recently received a huge donation from the bank"

=> Nhận tiền quyên góp từ ngân hàng => Đáp án: bank



Xem full giải thích
3
skyscrapers
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là danh từ số nhiều (vì experience không có 's' )

Sau khi nghe "there are lower levels of acid in the damaging pollutants"

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào

Nghe tiếp thấy "meaning that skyscrapers are much less vulnerable to the negative effects as they are exposed to acid rain with far lower levels of damaging pollutants."

=> Vì mưa acid chứa ít damaging pollutants hơn, nên skycrappers ít bị ảnh hưởng bởi chúng => Skyscrappers experience mức độ acid thấp hơn trong damaging pollutants => Đáp án: skycrappers



Xem full giải thích
4
stone/stone construction
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là vật liệu làm nên tòa nhà





Sau khi nghe " the Alter Project "

=> Biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Xem full giải thích
5
recycled glass
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ được sử dụng để giảm ô nhiễm ở Sky Tower

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "A recent case study for this is Sky Tower "

Sau đó nghe được "whose windows have been made from recycled glass to prevent pollution from the glass-making process."

=> Nơi có cửa sổ làm từ recycled glass để tránh ô nhiễm từ quá trình làm kính => Đáp án: recycled glass



Xem full giải thích
6
rainfall
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ đang tăng trong mùa đông làm ảnh hưởng đến công trình

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "This makes winter an undesirable season for construction "





Speaker nói tiếp "as the heavy rainfall can have adverse effects on the building."

=> Heavy rainfall gây ảnh hưởng tới building (= contruction) => Đáp án: rainfall



Xem full giải thích
7
wooden
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là loại building bị ảnh hưởng bởi độ ẩm

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Another climate type that has an enormous effect on buildings is humidity" biết đáp án chuẩn bị vào



Nghe thấy "Constructions made of steel and stone are largely unaffected by humidity

=> Các tòa nhà làm bằng thép thì không bị ảnh hưởng => Loại steel



Xem full giải thích
8
soil
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ground conditions sẽ trở thành 1 vấn đề khi density của cái gì bị sai

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "Ground conditions are a cause for worry

Tiếp theo nghe được nguyên nhân là do "as often the soil is of the wrong density to protect the foundations."

=> Ground conditions sẽ trở thành vấn đề nếu density của soil bị sai => Đáp án: soil



Xem full giải thích
9
movement
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ có thể được giám sát bởi kiến trúc sư





Mình nghe thấy speaker nói luôn " The movement of building structures can now also be measured and monitored over time by architects"

=> Các kiến trúc sư có thể monitor và measure movement của tòa nhà => Đáp án: movement



Xem full giải thích
10
guidelines
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đáp án cần điền là thứ chính phủ cần tạo ra cho kiến trúc sư





Speaker nói luôn "Guidelines are also expected to be produced by the government in the near future that will give architects a universal checklist to follow."

=> Chính phủ cần tạo ra guidelines để kiến trúc sư có thể làm theo => Đáp án: guidelines



Xem full giải thích

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