City Bike-Sharing Schemes IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với City Bike-Sharing Schemes được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Cambridge 16 - Test 4 - Section 3 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
City Bike-Sharing Schemes IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 4
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Which TWO benefits of city bike-sharing schemes do the students agree are the most important?
A
reducing noise pollution
B
reducing traffic congestion
C
improving air quality
D
encouraging health and fitness
E
making cycling affordable
Which TWO things do the students think are necessary for successful bike-sharing schemes?
A
Bikes should have a GPS system.
B
The app should be easy to use.
C
Public awareness should be raised.
D
Only one scheme should be available.
E
There should be a large network of cycle lanes.
Question 5 - 10
What is the speakers' opinion of the bike-sharing schemes in each of the following cities?
Choose SIX answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-G.
List of Findings
A
They agree it has been disappointing.
B
They think it should be cheaper.
C
They are surprised it has been so successful.
D
They agree that more investment is required.
E
They think the system has been well designed.
F
They disagree about the reasons for its success.
G
They think it has expanded too quickly.
5
Amsterdam
6
Dublin
7
London
8
Buenos Aires
9
New York
10
Sydney

❓ Transcript

City Bike-Sharing Schemes
00:00
JAKE:
Now that we've done all the research into bike-sharing schemes in cities around the world, we need to think about how we're going to organise our report.
AMY:
Right. I think we should start by talking about the benefits. I mean it's great that so many cities have introduced these schemes where anyone can pick up a bike from dozens of different locations and hire it for a few hours. It makes riding a bike very convenient for people.
JAKE:
Yes, but the costs can add up and that puts people on low incomes off in some places.
AMY:
I suppose so, but if it means more people in general are cycling rather than driving, then because they're increasing the amount of physical activity they do, it's good for their health.
JAKE:
OK. But isn't that of less importance? I mean, doesn't the impact of reduced emissions on air pollution have a more significant effect on people's health?
AMY:
Certainly, in some cities bike-sharing has made a big contribution to that. And also helped to cut the number of cars on the road significantly.
JAKE:
Which is the main point.
AMY:
Exactly. But I'd say it's had less of an impact on noise pollution because there are still loads of buses and lorries around.
JAKE:
Right.
AMY:
Shall we quickly discuss the recommendations we're going to make?
JAKE:
In order to ensure bike-sharing schemes are successful?
AMY:
Yes.
JAKE:
OK. Well, while I think it's nice to have really state-of-the art bikes with things like GPS, I wouldn't say they're absolutely necessary.
AMY:
But some technical things are really important - like a fully functional app - so people can make payments and book bikes easily. Places which haven't invested in that have really struggled.
JAKE:
Good point ... Some people say there shouldn't be competing companies offering separate bike-sharing schemes, but in some really big cities, competition's beneficial and anyway one company might not be able to manage the whole thing.
AMY:
Right. Deciding how much to invest is a big question. Cities which have opened loads of new bike lanes at the same time as introducing bike-sharing schemes have generally been more successful - but there are examples of successful schemes where this hasn't happened ... What does matter though - is having a big publicity campaign.
JAKE:
Definitely. If people don't know how to use the scheme or don't understand its benefits, they won't use it. People need a lot of persuasion to stop using their cars.
AMY:
Shall we look at some examples now? And say what we think is good or bad about them.
JAKE:
I suppose we should start with Amsterdam as this was one of the first cities to have a bike-sharing scheme.
AMY:
Yes. There was already a strong culture of cycling here. In a way it's strange that there was such a demand for bike-sharing because you'd have thought most people would have used their own bikes.
JAKE:
And yet it's one of the best-used schemes ... Dublin's an interesting example of a success story.
AMY:
It must be because the public transport system's quite limited.
JAKE:
Not really - there's no underground, but there are trams and a good bus network. I'd say price has a lot to do with it. It's one of the cheapest schemes in Europe to join.
AMY:
But the buses are really slow - anyway the weather certainly can't be a factor!
JAKE:
No - definitely not. The London scheme's been quite successful.
AMY:
Yes - it's been a really good thing for the city. The bikes are popular and the whole system is well maintained but it isn't expanding quickly enough.
JAKE:
Basically, not enough's been spent on increasing the number of cycle lanes. Hopefully that'll change.
AMY:
Yes. Now what about outside Europe?
JAKE:
Well bike-sharing schemes have taken off in places like Buenos Aires.
AMY:
Mmm. They built a huge network of cycle lanes to support the introduction of the scheme there, didn't they? It attracted huge numbers of cyclists where previously there were hardly any.
JAKE:
An example of good planning.
AMY:
Absolutely. New York is a good example of how not to introduce a scheme. When they launched it, it was more than ten times the price of most other schemes.
JAKE:
More than it costs to take a taxi. Crazy. I think the organisers lacked vision and ambition there.
AMY:
I think so too. Sydney would be a good example to use. I would have expected it to have grown pretty quickly here.
JAKE:
Yes. I can't quite work out why it hasn't been an instant success like some of the others. It's a shame really.
AMY:
I know. OK so now we've thought about ...

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
C
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới start by talking about the benefits là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy the costs can add up and that puts people on low incomes off in some places

=> giá của bike-sharing scheme khiến những người thu nhập thấp không thích

=> không affordable cho tất cả mọi người

=> loại E

Xem full giải thích
2
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy Amy nói also helped to cut the number of cars on the road significantly

=> giảm đáng kể số lượng xe trên đường

=> giảm kẹt xe

=> chọn B



Xem full giải thích
3
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới recommendations

=> bằng nghĩa với what do the students think are necessary

=> biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy while I think it's nice to have really state-of-the art bikes with things like GPS, I wouldn't say they're absolutely necessary

=> GPS tốt nhưng không phải là bắt buộc hay cần thiết

Xem full giải thích
4
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe thấy Jake nói Some people say there shouldn't be competing companies offering separate bike-sharing schemes, but in some really big cities, competition's beneficial and anyway one company might not be able to manage the whole thing

=> có ý kiến là không nên có nhiều bike-sharing schemes cùng một lúc, nhưng Jake nghĩ cạnh tranh là cần thiết và có lợi

=> loại D



Nghe tiếp thấy Cities which have opened loads of new bike lanes at the same time as introducing bike-sharing schemes have generally been more successful - but there are examples of successful schemes where this hasn't happened

=> các thành phố mà mở nhiều đường chạy xe đạp cùng lúc với bike-sharing schemes đã có thành công, tuy nhiên cũng có ví dụ về những scheme thành công mà không có đường chạy xe đạp mới

Xem full giải thích
5
C
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Amsterdam là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy There was already a strong culture of cycling here. In a way it's strange that there was such a demand for bike-sharing because you'd have thought most people would have used their own bikes

=> Amy thấy lạ là có nhu cầu cho dịch vụ bike-sharing trong khi đa số mọi người đã có xe sẵn rồi

=> Jake đồng ý và nói yet it's one of the best-used schemes

=> scheme ở Amsterdam thành công một cách đáng ngạc nhiên

Xem full giải thích
6
F
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Dublin là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Amy và Jake tranh cãi với nhau về lý do tại sao Dublin lại thành công

=> Amy nói must be because the public transport system's quite limited, nhưng Jake bảo there are trams and a good bus network

=> Amy và Jake không đồng ý với nhau

=> chọn F



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7
D
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới London là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Amy nói it isn't expanding quickly enough

=> loại G



Nghe tiếp thấy Jake kết luận là not enough's been spent on increasing the number of cycle lanes

=> chưa đủ tiền đầu tư cho số lượng đường xe đạp

Xem full giải thích
8
E
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Buenos Aires là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Amy nói They built a huge network of cycle lanes to support the introduction of the scheme there, didn't they? It attracted huge numbers of cyclists where previously there were hardly any

=> Jake đồng ý là đây là An example of good planning

=> đây là một hệ thống được thiết kế tốt

=> chọn E



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9
B
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới New York là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy When they launched it, it was more than ten times the price of most other schemes

=> lúc mới triển khai thì giá đắt gấp 10 lần giá các hệ thống khác

=> chọn B



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10
A
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Nghe tới Sydney là biết đáp án sắp tới



Nghe thấy Amy nói I would have expected it to have grown pretty quickly here và Jake nói là I can't quite work out why it hasn't been an instant success like some of the others

=> cả 2 mong đợi nhiều hơn từ hệ thống Sydney, nó không thành công như các nơi khác

=> chọn A



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