Bird Of New Zealand IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

Luyện tập đề IELTS Listening Practice với Bird Of New Zealand được lấy từ cuốn sách IELTS Actual Test 5 - Test 2 - Section 4 kèm Answer key, list từ vựng IELTS cần học trong bài đọc và Free PDF & Audio Transcript Download với trải nghiệm thi IELTS trên máy và giải thích đáp án chi tiết bằng Linearthinking
Bird Of New Zealand IELTS Listening Answers With Audio, Transcript, And Explanation

👂️ Audio and questions

00:00
Question 1 - 10
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Birds in New Zealand
Facts
The birds often build their nests along the coastline or besides the
1
.
In 1984, researchers suggested that there were only
2
of this kind of bird left.
It seems hard to
3
the number of birds precisely.
Influencing factors
Human activities, such as
4
as well as constructing homes threaten this bird population.
The birds are influenced by many species which can eat their
5
.
Natural disasters including
6
can also reduce the population of the birds.
Ways of protection
The zoo should recruit a
7
to prevent the birds from their being poached.
The organizer could build a
8
to prevent the public from getting closer.
People should make more of an effort to protect
9
birds.
Through the
10
, people will know more about bird protection.

❓ Transcript

Bird Of New Zealand
00:00
Ladies and Gentlemen, good afternoon. In this session, we're going to talk about birds indigenous to New Zealand, delving into the facts and analysing methods of protecting these species from extinction.
It may be a surprise to you to know that there are millions of bird species that are endemic to New Zealand; in other words, they are rarely found anywhere else throughout the world.
Because quite a large number of these birds lead a living on a diet of freshly-caught fish, they often nest alongside the coastline or, follow the neighboring river, if necessary to track freshwater fish.
Once they have mated, the female will collect twigs and pieces of debris to build nests where she can hatch her eggs under safe circumstances, like out the reach of predators.
When first immigrants landed on New Zealand roughly 7 centuries ago, rats were carried on the ships with them. The rats flourished in the warm climate and gradually became a threat to the native bird populations, particularly to the flightless species.
In 1984, researchers discovered that just 3 pairs of flightless bird species remained in existence, and that even these faced severe pressure.
Now, New Zealand is a global pioneer in facilitating the recovery of severely endangered species from the brink of extinction.
Every year, researchers conduct certain surveys aimed at monitoring the fluctuation in the levels of bird numbers and species living in New Zealand.
Owing to migration patterns of a few bird species, it is far from easy to accurately estimate the bird numbers since many may have flown to other regions in search of mates and warmer climates, and thus not be included in the investigation
Probably, there is a sensitive link between bird numbers and environmental influences, especially those closely linked to human activities.
Routine activities, such as farming or building houses, can have a massive impact on the local populations. Forests that play a role of a habitat for thousands of birds can be entirely eradicated to produce fields for cropping or to provide wood for construction, which is such a catastrophic impact.
It is not only the activities of humans that threaten the living conditions of bird species, but the population of many predatory animal species has dramatically risen in New Zealand.
One of these predators is the Mantane snake, which was introduced from Australia and has decimated the population of Killdeer birds. These birds nest on the ground, and often return to find their eggs have been devoured by the egg-eating snakes.
One cannot dismiss; of course, it is the disadvantage of that nature itself that imposes on the survival of many bird species.
Natural disasters such as storms can be devastating, tearing apart forests and leaving thousands of destroyed nests in their wake. Monsoons flood the rivers and often drown many of the flightless bird species that are unable to escape.
Unfortunately, illegal hunting, which is the greatest threat to bird species in New Zealand, is nearly impossible to prohibit.
Several bird species, which are going to be extinct, now appear on display at the national zoo, and there is such a crucial need that urgent policies are adopted to protect them.
The zoo recently employed an expert in bird protection, who strongly suggested that a guard should be employed to protect their birds from poachers.
The expert also lays much stress on the fact that the birds can be haunted by quite a stressed situation where the public can approach them too closely, suggesting that the administration install a fence network to keep the public a safe distance away from the birds.
In spite of this threat to birds in captivity, it is the freely roaming birds that are most at risk. Many efforts are being made to educate the public in terms of how they can contribute towards protecting birds that are living in the wild.
Finally, research has indicated that one of the most feasible measures of keeping the public noticed about the significance of protecting the bird populations is through the media.
I advise you all to read the related articles in specialist journals, and also do some research on the Internet. Everyone can make your own contribution if you put your mind upon it!

🔥 Answer key (đáp án và giải thích)

1
river
Rút gọn

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần biết nơi chim xây tổ (ngoài coastline).

Mình nghe được là '' ... they often nest alongside the coastline or, follow the neighboring river, if necessary to track freshwater fish.''

=> Chúng xây tổ ở coastline hoặc cạnh sông (neighboring đồng nghĩa với besides, ở cạnh, gần) => Đáp án: river



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2
3 pairs
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mốc thời gian là năm 1984

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''In 1984 ...''

Theo người nói, ''In 1984, researchers discovered that just 3 pairs of flightless bird species remained in existence''

=> Chỉ còn 3 cặp loài chim này còn sống. => Đáp án: 3 pairs



Xem full giải thích
3
estimate
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Đối tượng là number of birds

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Every year, researchers conduct certain surveys aimed at monitoring the fluctuation in the levels of bird numbers"

Theo người nói, ''it is far from easy to accurately estimate the bird numbers ...''

=> Rất khó để ước lượng được số chim (far from easy = hard, accurately = precisely) => Đáp án: estimate



Xem full giải thích
4
farming
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem hoạt động nào của con người đe dọa population của loài chim (such as ___ as well as constructing homes)

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ... especially those closely linked to human activities.''

Sau đó, mình nghe được là ''Routine activities, such as farming or building houses, can have a massive impact on the local populations.''

=> Các hoạt động được lấy làm ví dụ là farmingbuilding houses (building đồng nghĩa với constructing) => Đáp án: farming



Xem full giải thích
5
eggs
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem các loài khác ăn gì của loài chim này

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ... but the population of many predatory animal species has dramatically risen in New Zealand.'

Theo người nói, ''These birds nest on the ground, and often return to find their eggs have been devoured by the egg-eating snakes.''

=> Những con rắn ăn trứng của chúng (egg-eating snakes) => Đáp án: eggs



Xem full giải thích
6
storms
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem ví dụ nào của natural disasters ảnh hưởng tới loài chim

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau '' ... is the disadvantage of that nature itself that imposes on the survival of many bird species.''

Theo người nói, ''Natural disasters such as storms can be devastating, tearing apart forests and leaving thousands of destroyed nests in their wake.''

=> Người nói lấy ví dụ cho natural disasters là storms (bão) => Đáp án: storms





Xem full giải thích
7
guard
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe xem zoo nên thuê ai để ngăn việc chim bị săn bắt

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''Several bird species, which are going to be extinct, now appear on display at the national zoo, ...''

Theo người nói, ''The zoo recently employed an expert in bird protection, who strongly suggested that a guard should be employed to protect their birds from poachers.''

=> Chuyên gia cho rằng sở thú nên thuê một người bảo vệ để bảo vệ các chú chim khỏi việc săn bắt (recruit = employ) => Đáp án: guard





Xem full giải thích
8
fence
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết



Mình cần nghe về cái cần xây để ngăn public tới gần

=> Đáp án sẽ có sau ''can be haunted by quite a stressed situation where the public can approach them too closely ...''

Expert khuyên rằng ''suggesting that the administration install a fence network to keep the public a safe distance away from the birds''

=> Mình nên xây hàng rào để ngăn public tới gần chim. => Đáp án: fence



Xem full giải thích
9
wild
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Mình cần nghe xem nên dành nhiều nỗ lực hơn để bảo vệ loài chim nào.

Tiếp đến, người nói chuyển đối tượng sang chim hoang dã, ''In spite of this threat to birds in captivity, it is the freely roaming birds that are most at risk.''

Rồi nhấn mạnh rằng ''Many efforts are being made to educate the public in terms of how they can contribute towards protecting birds that are living in the wild.''

=> Mình cũng cần bảo vệ các loài chim sống trong tự nhiên nữa (hay nói ngắn gọn là chim hoang dã, wild birds) => Đáp án: wild



Xem full giải thích
10
media
Mở rộng

Giải thích chi tiết

Cuối cùng, mình cần biết thông qua cái gì (có thể là tuyên truyền, báo đài, ...) mà mọi người hiểu rõ hơn về bảo tồn chim.

Mình nghe được là ''Finally, research has indicated that one of the most feasible measures of keeping the public noticed about the significance of protecting the bird populations is through the media''

=> Cách để mọi người hiểu hơn về bảo vệ chim là qua các kênh thông tin đại chúng (the media) => Đáp án: media



Ở sau có thêm thông tin là ''I advise you all to read the related articles in specialist journals, and also do some research on the Internet.''

=> Mình có thể biết thêm qua journals hoặc the Internet, nhưng đây chỉ là các ví dụ nhỏ cho media thôi => Loại journals và Internet



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