IELTS Listening Practice Test
Complete the flow chart below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
Expertise in creative writing
Step 1
Background - researcher had previously studied
1
English literature


Step 2
Had initial idea for research - inspired by a book (the
2
autobiography

of a famous novelist).
Step 3
Posed initial question - why do some people become experts whilst others don't?
Step 4
Read expertise research in different fields.
Avoided studies conducted in a
3
lab/laboratory

because too controlled.
Most helpful studies-research into
4
practical skills

e.g. waiting tables.
Step 5
Found participants: four true
5
novices/beginners

in creative writing (easy to find) and four with extensive experience.
Step 6
Using ‘think aloud’ techniques, gathered
6
experimental

data from inexperienced writer.
(During session - assistant made
7
video

recordings).
Gathered similar data from experienced writers.
Step 7
Compared two data sets and generated a
8
framework

for analysis
(Identified five major stages in writing will be refined later).
Step 8
Got an expert
9
editor

to evaluate the quality of the different products.
Step 9
Identified the most effective
10
sequence/order

of stages in producing text.
Expertise in creative writing
STEP 1
Background - researcher had previously studied
1
English literature



ĐÁP ÁN & GIẢI THÍCH CÂU 1

Giải thích chi tiết

smiley44 Mình cần nghe xem researcher đã học cái gì (Background - researcher had previously studied ___ )

=> Biết đáp án sắp tới khi nghe "I should give a little relevant background information" smiley16 Nghe thấy "before I started my current degree course in cognitive psychology, I studied English literature"

=> Trước khi học cognitive psychology (là môn học hiện tại) thì speaker đã học English literature => Đáp án: English literature check

Lưu ý
  • Nội dung giải thích được viết bởi DOL IELTS Đình Lực - Học Viện Tiếng Anh Tư Duy đầu tiên tại Việt Nam
  • Đề được viết bởi nhà xuất bản lớn gồm Cambridge và Oxford